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1.
Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr ; 69(2): 98-108, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32114948

RESUMO

Risk-taking Behaviour and Aspects on Adolescents' Participation in High-risk Sports The age of adolescence represents an enhanced reward sensitivity which is often linked to increased risk-taking behaviour. Peers enhance risk-taking behaviour which is shown through delinquency and substance use. Whereas most research on adolescent risk-taking has been directed towards negative risk-taking, this narrative review tries to highlight adventure and high-risk sport participation as a prosocial form of risk-taking and its potential influence on adolescents' behaviour. Adventure/high-risk sports such as mountainbiking, freeride ski and snowboarding and climbing have grown exponentially in the last years with a high popularity among adolescents. Besides the inherent risk of severe injury in case of a mismanaged accident, which should be minimized by preventive steps such as educative risk-management and protective gear, those sports bear the potential for multiple psychological benefits such as enhanced mood, autonomy, resilience and self-efficacy. Adventure/high-risk sports seem to have the possibility to satisfy the need for rewards, prestige and risk-taking in a socially accepted way. Few research projects have already successfully integrated adventure sport interventions in clinical settings in mental health treatment. The idea of testing adventure/high-risk sport interventions as an addition to the treatment in child and adolescent psychiatry and psychotherapy could be promising and an impulse for future research projects.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Assunção de Riscos , Esportes/psicologia , Adolescente , Criança , Humanos , Autoeficácia
2.
PLoS One ; 15(2): e0228870, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32084161

RESUMO

Understanding and predicting how individuals perform in high-pressure situations is of importance in designing and managing workplaces. We investigate performance under pressure in professional darts as a near-ideal setting with no direct interaction between players and a high number of observations per subject. Analyzing almost one year of tournament data covering 32,274 dart throws, we find no evidence in favor of either choking or excelling under pressure.


Assuntos
Desempenho Atlético/psicologia , Desempenho Atlético/fisiologia , Desempenho Atlético/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Modelos Psicológicos , Modelos Estatísticos , Destreza Motora/fisiologia , Esportes/psicologia , Esportes/estatística & dados numéricos , Estresse Psicológico
3.
PLoS One ; 15(2): e0228352, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32059019

RESUMO

Organized sport yields many cognitive, social and physical benefits and is one of the most popular types of physical activity for children and adolescents. Despite the benefits of sports participation, a substantial proportion of adolescents fail to meet Canadian guidelines regarding physical activity. In this regard, it is relevant to understand the mechanisms underlying the adoption of various active behaviours. This study aims to identify the predisposing, enabling and reinforcing factors that potentially influence 4 categories of active behaviours using the Youth Physical Activity Promotion model (YPAP). Data was drawn from 416 male adolescent hockey players (Mage = 15.4; SD = 2) who completed a pre-validated questionnaire. Structural equation modeling and interaction analyses were performed to explain the contribution of each determinant. Findings reveal that there are different behavioural patterns based on the type of activity. The interaction between attitudes and environmental factors was a key predictor for each type of behaviour. Perceived competence was associated with more recreational activities, whereas the support of parents and coaches determined involvement in ice hockey. This study refined our understanding of physical activity participation among adolescents already involved in organized sports and emphasized the importance of considering multiple factors surrounding their environment. Several practical recommendations are made to improve young athletes' predisposition to practice physical activity in an organized sports setting.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Atletas/psicologia , Exercício Físico/psicologia , Hóquei/psicologia , Meio Social , Esportes/psicologia , Adolescente , Atitude , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
PLoS One ; 15(1): e0227277, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895929

RESUMO

The Sport Motivation Scale (SMS) is a widely used instrument that assesses motivational processes within sport and exercise environments. The scale has demonstrated validity and reliability in multiple cultures, however, there is yet no empirical evidence regarding its psychometric properties in the Czech population. In this study we therefore set out to examine the reliability and construct validity of the SMS in a sample of Czech university-aged athletes. We first examined the SMS factor structure using a nonparametric item response theory model (Mokken monotone homogeneity model) and identified six items violating the unidimensionality of the particular subscales. Remaining items were then subjected to test of hypothesized seven-factor structure and several different forms of measurement invariance examined based on gender, competition level and type of sport (individual vs team sports). The hypothesized seven-factor fit well and there was sufficient evidence supporting full invariance across the examined groups. All SMS subscales had adequate internal consistencies ranging from 0.66 to 0.89. Results of correlational analysis among the SMS subscales and between the SMS and two outcomes of interest further supported validity of the scale. Observed differences in SMS subscales between males and females, recreational and competitive athletes, as well as between individual and team-based sport activities, comported with prior empirical studies using a self-determination theory framework. In conclusion, results reinforce the utility and performance of the SMS in a sample of Czech university athletes. The SMS may therefore be recommended for measurement of the multidimensional motivational processes taking place in the exercise and sport domain.


Assuntos
Atletas/psicologia , Motivação , Autonomia Pessoal , Psicometria/instrumentação , Esportes/psicologia , República Tcheca , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores Sexuais , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
5.
Int J Equity Health ; 19(1): 11, 2020 01 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31937308

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Socially excluded groups are at higher risk of low well-being and poor health. The link between social exclusion and health inequities is complex, and not being involved in society makes it difficult to be reached by standard prevention programs. Sport-for-development (SFD) programs are low-threshold and may be promising settings for inclusive actions. We explore the underlying mechanisms through which SFD might have an impact on social inclusion and examine the necessary conditions that work as a catalyst for these underlying mechanisms. METHODS: A realist evaluation approach was adopted. A non-profit SFD organization in a middle-large city in Flanders, Belgium, formed the setting for a single case study. Document analysis, participatory observations, interviews, and a focus group, were sources for identifying necessary context elements and essential mechanisms through which SFD could promote its participants' health and wellbeing. RESULTS: Among the most efficient mechanisms triggered by the Foundation's activities are learning by fun, connecting with peers (of whom some serve as role model) and engaging as a volunteer with some responsibilities. Building trust in oneself and in others is a necessary process throughout all these mechanisms. Facilitating context factors include the activities' accessibility and unconditional approach (creating a sense of safety), the popularity of the first division football team the Foundation is associated with (leading to a sense of belonging), a steady network of social partners and a strongly positive relationship with the SFD coach(es). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings demonstrate that a SFD setting may be a vehicle for engaging hard-to-reach population groups. It enhances socially vulnerable persons' sense of competence and connectedness, leading to opportunities to improve life and work skills transferrable outside SFD settings. Based on these findings, suggestions are provided that may enhance the field and help to develop feasible (policy-led) interventions designed to promote social inclusion.


Assuntos
Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Relações Interpessoais , Esportes/psicologia , Populações Vulneráveis/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Bélgica , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Masculino , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Autoeficácia , Populações Vulneráveis/estatística & dados numéricos
6.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 19, 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31910846

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Participation in organised sport and physical activity contributes to health-enhancing levels of leisure time physical activity. In Australia, 58% of children aged 0-14 years participated at least once a week in October 2015 - December 2017. To overcome the frequently cited cost barrier, sports voucher incentives have been widely implemented across Australia. METHOD: The financial value of jurisdictional vouchers and the National median financial value were used to calculate the proportion of total annual expenditure on children's participation in sport supported by sports vouchers. Participation rates using AusPlay data were estimated by age, sex and socio-economic index (SEIFA) at state and national level for children aged 0-14 years. RESULTS: Five States and Territories implemented sports vouchers from 2011 to 2018, with a median value of AU$150. Nationally, median annual expenditure for children's sport participation was AU$447 (IQR $194.2-936), with 27% reported expenditure supported by a sports voucher. The proportion of financial support from sports vouchers increased considerably with social disadvantage, rising to over 60% of total expenditure in the most disadvantaged populations. CONCLUSIONS: Socio-economic status was associated with sports-related expenditure and sports participation amongst children. Sport vouchers should target children in the most disadvantaged areas to promote participation in organised sport and physical activity.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico/psicologia , Apoio Financeiro , Promoção da Saúde/economia , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Motivação , Esportes/economia , Esportes/psicologia , Adolescente , Austrália , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Classe Social
8.
J Sports Sci ; 38(4): 422-429, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31876442

RESUMO

Older people who engage in sports and exercise in a group render greater benefits for socio-psychological aspects compared to exercising alone. The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of specific types of sports and exercise groups and the association with self-rated health, depressive symptoms, and frequency of laughter among community-dwelling older people. We used cross-sectional data from the 2016 Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study and analysed 63,465 males and 68,497 females aged ≥65 years. The top three most popular types among males were golf (11.3%), walking (8.4%), and ground golf (6.3%). Among females, the top three were fitness exercises (13.8%), walking (8.3%), and weight exercises (6.2%). After adjusting for potential confounders, engaging in golf with a group was significantly related with excellent self-rated health (prevalence ratio, PR, 1.31 in male and 1.78 in female), low depressive symptoms (PR, 0.70 and 0.71), and a high frequency of laughter (PR, 1.12 and 1.13). Among females, walking displayed a significant relationship with all three characteristics (PR, 1.23, 0.79, and 1.06, respectively). Golf in older males and walking in older females might be the first choice for an effective programme to spread sports and exercise groups within the older Japanese community.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico/psicologia , Processos Grupais , Saúde Mental , Esportes/psicologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Golfe/psicologia , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Prazer , Caminhada/psicologia , Levantamento de Peso/psicologia
9.
Br J Sports Med ; 54(1): 4-7, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31653778

RESUMO

Child maltreatment in sport is an undeniable problem. High-profile cases of sexual abuse of child athletes are obvious examples of child maltreatment in this context. Young athletes also face physical and psychological maltreatment, as well as neglect, although these types of child maltreatment are understudied in sport and receive less public attention. Little is known as to how to define physical and psychological maltreatment and neglect in sport and their diverse manifestations. The aim of this paper is to propose concrete manifestations of each type of child maltreatment in sport. We aim to help practitioners better understand and researchers better measure this problem.


Assuntos
Maus-Tratos Infantis/psicologia , Esportes/psicologia , Adolescente , Criança , Maus-Tratos Infantis/prevenção & controle , Abuso Sexual na Infância/prevenção & controle , Abuso Sexual na Infância/psicologia , Humanos
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31877974

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to explore structural relationships between emotional experiences, novelty seeking, tourist satisfaction, and destination loyalty in the context of active sport tourism. The study emphasizes the mediating effect tourist satisfaction has on the relationship between emotional experiences and destination loyalty. The validities and reliabilities of the measures used were examined through confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and correlation analysis using 230 domestic and international participants who attended a marathon race as amateur athletes. Structural equation modeling analysis with maximum likelihood estimation was conducted to investigate relationships between study variables. Findings disclosed the positive impacts of (a) emotional experiences on tourist satisfaction and destination loyalty, (b) novelty seeking on tourist satisfaction, and (c) tourist satisfaction on destination loyalty, and demonstrated that (d) tourist satisfaction fully mediates the relationship between emotional experiences and destination loyalty. Based on its results, this study (a) indicates that emotional experiences play key roles in predicting tourist satisfaction and destination loyalty, (b) provides an example of the merits of the Destination Emotion Scale (DES) in a sport tourism setting, (c) implies that both emotional experiences and novelty seeking should be incorporated into tourist behavior models, and (d) contributes to tourism studies by exploring the mediating effect of tourist satisfaction on the relation between emotional experiences and destination loyalty. Thus, destination managers should manage gorgeous natural views and beautiful cityscapes, and organize various fun events, such as prize and ticket giveaway events, music performances, and charity campaigns for tourists during events.


Assuntos
Emoções , Satisfação Pessoal , Esportes/psicologia , Viagem/psicologia , Adulto , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , República da Coreia
11.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1480, 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31703668

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Youth facing barriers created by social marginalization are at a greater risk of adverse health outcomes, lower educational and occupational attainment, and decreased overall quality of life as adults. The negative psychosocial and physiological consequences of significant barriers to positive development during youth may be mitigated by interventions promoting physical activity, psychosocial development, and healthy behaviours. Sport for Development programming is a possible opportunity for youth facing barriers to engage in activities that foster positive youth development, which may improve socioeconomic outcomes, quality of life and long-term health status in this population. This paper outlines the study protocol measuring impact of an urban Sport for Development facility on positive youth development in youth facing barriers. METHODS/DESIGN: Participants aged 6-29 will be recruited from programs at an urban Sport for Development facility to a 2-year prospective longitudinal mixed-methods study. Participants will be stratified by age into three cohorts with age-specific outcomes. Age-specific positive youth development outcomes will be assessed quantitatively by self-report and pedometer at baseline and after 6 months, 1-year, and 2-years of program participation. Focus groups will provide data regarding youth experience and the impact of facility and program components on youth outcomes. DISCUSSION: Our findings will inform best-practice and feasibility of a Sport for Development facility delivering programs in a socially and economically challenged urban setting in a high-income country. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ISRCTN67016999. Date of registration: October 22, 2019.


Assuntos
Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Desenvolvimento de Programas , Esportes/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Projetos de Pesquisa , População Urbana , Adulto Jovem
12.
Eat Behav ; 35: 101341, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715452

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Self-reported level of sport competition was examined as a potential moderator of the association between athletic identity and disordered eating behaviors among college students. METHOD: Participants were a subset of individuals from a larger study who self-identified as athletes (N = 194; 39.7% female). Questionnaires were completed online and included measures of athletic identity and disordered eating behaviors, as well as items assessing level of sport competition, frequency of physical activity per week both in and out of sport, anthropometrics, and demographic information. Moderation was tested in a multiple linear regression. RESULTS: Controlling for physical activity levels, gender, and BMI, self-reported level of competition moderated the association between athletic identity and disordered eating behaviors (b = -0.01, p = .038; 95% CI = -0.026, -0.0008). Among individuals competing at lower levels of sport competition, higher athletic identity was associated with more disordered eating behaviors (b = -0.05, p = .013; CI = -0.193, -0.024). DISCUSSION: A mismatch between athletic identity and sport competition level was associated disordered eating behaviors. Individuals engaging in sport at a "non-competitive" level may be an under-identified and under-served population. A mis-match between athletic identity and sport competition level may be a risk factor for disordered eating. DATA AVAILABILITY STATEMENT: The data that support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request.


Assuntos
Comportamento Competitivo , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/psicologia , Identificação Social , Esportes/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Autorrelato , Sudeste dos Estados Unidos , Estudantes/psicologia , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31614871

RESUMO

There are a limited number of studies focusing on the mechanisms explaining why variable practice gives an advantage in a novel situation and constant practice in performance in trained conditions. We hypothesized that this may be due to the different gaze behavior that is developed under different conditions. Twenty participants, randomly assigned to two different groups, practiced basketball free throws for three consecutive days, performing 100 throws per day. The constant group (n = 10) practiced at a free throw distance (4.57 m) only. The variable practice group (n = 10) randomly performed 20 shots per five throw distances (3.35, 3.96, 4.57, 5.18, and 5.79 m) on each day, also accumulating 100 shots per day. We analyzed the total gaze fixation duration, a number of fixations, and the average fixation duration on a basketball rim in a pretest and posttest at the 4.57 m distance. We computed a linear mixed model with test (pretest-posttest), group (constant-variable), and test × group interaction in order to analyze the total fixation duration and number of fixations. The average fixation duration was analyzed with a repeated measure two-way ANOVA, with practice conditions as a between-participants factor and test type as a within-participants factor. We found that the total fixation duration increased significantly in the posttest, regardless of the practice conditions (p < 0.001, effect size = 0.504). The number of fixations also increased significantly in the posttest (p = 0.037, effect size = 0.246). The average fixation duration increased in both groups; however, insignificantly. We also did not find any significant differences between groups. Our results suggest that variable and constant practice conditions may lead to the development of similar gaze behavior.


Assuntos
Basquetebol/fisiologia , Fixação Ocular/fisiologia , Esportes/fisiologia , Esportes/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31569733

RESUMO

The broad research consensus suggesting substantial vulnerabilities among lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) communities may fail to recognize the protective factors available to these populations. The sparse literature on mental health promotion highlights the importance of understanding strengths-based community approaches that promote LGBT wellbeing. Informed by the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion, underpinned by Honneth's Theory of Recognition, this paper outlines the findings of a qualitative Irish study on LGBT social connectedness through a diverse range of sporting, creative and social interests. Ten in-depth interviews were conducted with 11 people (including one couple) who self-identified as lesbian (5), gay (4), bisexual (1) and transgender (1) aged between 22 and 56 years. A university Research Ethics Committee granted approval. The data were transcribed and coded using thematic analysis, enhanced through a memo-writing approach to reflexivity. The theme of 'connecting' emphasized the shared nature of activities, with like-minded others through groups established by, and for, LGBT communities. Messages from the study reinforce the central role of LGBT communities in the promotion of mental health and social wellbeing, with important policy and practice implications. This requires the contextualization of the contribution of LGBT communities within understandings of social justice, identity and recognition.


Assuntos
Criatividade , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Saúde Mental , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero/psicologia , Distância Social , Apoio Social , Esportes/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Irlanda , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Proteção , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Identificação Social , Justiça Social , Adulto Jovem
15.
Rev Med Suisse ; 15(667): 1902-1903, 2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31617985
16.
Arch. med. deporte ; 36(193): 296-301, sept.-oct. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-186892

RESUMO

En el ámbito deportivo competitivo se hace necesaria la creación de un perfil de "riesgo a la lesión" útil y eficaz que permita elaborar programas específicos de intervención. En este estudio se planteó como objetivo relacionar el número de lesiones deportivas (gravedad de lesión) con los diferentes grados de vulnerabilidad a la lesión de los deportistas (vulnerabilidad alta, media y baja), atendiendo a la modalidad deportiva bajo la diferenciación entre deporte de oposición o individual (deportistas federados de atletismo, natación y tenis) y deporte de oposición-cooperación de contacto o deporte colectivo (deportistas federados de fútbol, baloncesto y balonmano).La muestra total del estudio fue de 452 deportistas individuales y colectivos (284 hombres y 168 mujeres). Para la evaluación de las variables psicológicas se utilizó la Escala de Personalidad Resistente, el SCAT y la Escala de Competitividad-10. Se realizó un análisis de conglomerados y se obtuvieron 3 perfiles de vulnerabilidad a la lesión, estableciéndose un perfil de vulnera-bilidad alta que confirmaba la hipótesis (aumenta la vulnerabilidad a la lesión a menor personalidad resistente y motivación orientada al éxito y a mayor ansiedad competitiva y motivación orientada a evitar el fracaso).Entre las principales conclusiones se destaca que ser deportista individual o colectivo influye en la relación entre cualquier perfil de vulnerabilidad y el número de lesiones leves, siendo el número de lesiones leves superior en deportistas colectivos. Por otro lado, puede que los deportistas, en ambas modalidades, que se sitúen en una vulnerabilidad media, posean mayor número de lesiones leves y moderadas, y que los deportistas que se sitúen en una vulnerabilidad alta posean un mayor número de lesiones graves y muy graves


In the competitive sports field is necessary to create a profile of "risk to the injury" useful and effective that allows to elaborate specific intervention programs. The purpose of this study was to relate the number of sports injuries (severity of injury) to the different degrees of vulnerability to injury of athletes (high, medium and low vulnerability), based on the sports modality under the differentiation between opposition or individual sport (federated athletes of athletics, swimming and tennis) and contact sport with opposition and cooperation or collective sport (federated athletes of football, basketball and handball).Total sample of this study was 452 individual and collective athletes (284 men and 168 women). For the evaluation of the psychological variables, Resistant Personality Scale, the SCAT and Competitiveness Scale-10 was used. A cluster analysis was carried out and 3 profiles of vulnerability to injury were obtained, establishing a high vulnerability profile that confirmed the hypothesis (increases the vulnerability to injury to a less resistant personality and motivation oriented to success and greater competitive anxiety and oriented motivation to avoid failure).Among the main conclusions is that being an individual or collective athlete influences the relationship between any profile of vulnerability and the number of minor injuries, the number of minor injuries being higher in collective athletes. On the other hand, athletes, in both modalities, who are in a medium vulnerability, have a greater number of mild and moderate injuries, and athletes who are in a high vulnerability have a greater number of serious injuries and very serious


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Esportes/psicologia , Traumatismos em Atletas/psicologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Atletismo/psicologia , Natação/psicologia , Tênis/psicologia , Futebol/psicologia , Basquetebol/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Gênero e Saúde
17.
N Engl J Med ; 381(12): 1099-1101, 2019 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31532958
18.
Clin Sports Med ; 38(4): 537-544, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31472764

RESUMO

Although athletics participation provides benefits that can be protective for mental health, stressors unique to athletics are present. This article reviews the frequency and symptoms of the most common mental health concerns impacting collegiate student-athletes. Treatment approaches and best practices are discussed. The importance of prioritizing mental health and well-being at all levels within the university and athletics department by reducing stigma and providing access to providers is emphasized. Multidisciplinary treatment teams and coordination of care provides a holistic approach that ensures student-athletes are able to optimize their personal, social, academic, and athletic goals.


Assuntos
Atletas/psicologia , Promoção da Saúde , Transtornos Mentais , Saúde Mental , Esportes/psicologia , Universidades , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico , Transtornos Mentais/terapia , Estudantes/psicologia
19.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(31): 4493-4501, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31496627

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) may limit physical activity due to intestinal or extraintestinal manifestations, fatigue, or exercise perception. We sought to evaluate the influence of IBD diagnosis on exercise and sports participation in a pediatric population. We compared patient-reported and parent-reported perspectives. AIM: To evaluate the influence of IBD diagnosis on exercise and sports participation in a pediatric population. METHODS: Consecutive IBD outpatients (aged 10-18 years) and their parents completed parallel voluntary surveys. A validated, patient-reported functional activity scale, the Hospital for Special Surgery Pediatric Functional Activity Brief Scale (HSS Pedi-FABS) was used to assess children's activity levels. RESULTS: There were 149 completed surveys (75% response rate) with mean participant age of 16.5 years [standard deviation (SD) = 4.0] and mean age at IBD diagnosis of 11.8 years (SD = 3.4). Most patients (77%) were diagnosed within 12 mo of symptom onset. Current athletic participation was reported in 65% across 65 sports. Participation was greatest before (40%) rather than after (32%) IBD diagnosis, with no reported change in 28%. IBD negatively impacted play/performance in 45% but did not change play/performance in 44%. IBD treatment improved patients' desire to exercise (70%) and subjective capacity for aerobic exercise (72%). Patients and parents agreed that IBD subjects demonstrate normal capacity for aerobic exercise (0.40, 95%CI: 0.22-0.58) and that treatment improved both participatory desire (0.33, 95%CI: 0.12-0.54) and capacity for aerobic exercise (0.52, 95%CI: 0.31-0.71). Almost all (99%) viewed exercise as healthy, and most encouraged its practice. IBD patients demonstrated normal mean HSS Pedi-FABS scores. CONCLUSION: After pediatric IBD diagnosis, most patients continue exercise and sports, with mean activity levels comparable to American youth. Treatment positively impacts participatory desire and aerobic capacity. Patients favor the role of exercise in IBD.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/complicações , Motivação , Pais , Esportes/fisiologia , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Exercício Físico/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Autorrelato/estatística & dados numéricos , Esportes/psicologia , Esportes/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
20.
Psico USF ; 24(3): 529-540, jul.-set. 2019. tab, il
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040780

RESUMO

O tema do presente estudo é a autodeterminação. O objetivo foi testar o Modelo hierárquico da motivação intrínseca e extrínseca ­ MHMIE. Trata-se de um modelo teórico-explicativo linear, sequencial e unidirecional baseado na Teoria da Autodeterminação, que pressupõe a relação causal entre 'fatores sociais', 'mediadores psicológicos', 'autodeterminação' e 'consequências'. A amostra foi composta de 517 alunos (nm = 303; nf = 214) praticantes de esporte escolar, da faixa etária de 13 a 19 anos (X = 15,32; σ = 1,46), regularmente matriculados em turmas que vão do último ano do ensino fundamental ao terceiro ano do ensino médio de escolas públicas e privadas do estado do Rio Grande do Sul. A pesquisa foi aprovada pelo CEP-UFRGS, 2008055. O MHMIE foi testado com path analysis e equações estruturais. Os resultados obtidos indicaram que o modelo apresenta índices adequados de validade na amostra estudada. (AU)


The theme of the present study is self-determination. The objective was to test the Hierarchical model of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation ­ HMIEM. It is a linear, sequential and unidirectional theoretical-explanatory model based on the Self-Determination Theory, which presupposes the causal relationship between 'social factors', 'psychological mediators', 'self-determination', and 'consequences'. The sample consisted of 517 students (nm = 303; nf = 214) who practiced school sports, aged 13 to 19 years (X = 15.32; σ = 1.46), regularly enrolled in classes ranging from the last year of primary education to the third year of high school in public and private schools in the state of Rio Grande do Sul. The research was approved by CEP - UFRGS, under approval number 2008055. The HMIEM was tested with path analysis and structural equations. The results indicated that the model has adequate indexes of validity in the studied sample. (AU)


El tema de este estudio es la autodeterminación. El objetivo fue testar el modelo jerárquico de motivación intrínseca y extrínseca - MJMIE. Se trata de un modelo teórico-explicativo lineal, secuencial y unidireccional basado en la Teoría de Autodeterminación, que presupone la relación causal entre 'factores sociales', 'mediadores psicológicos', 'autodeterminación' y 'consecuencias'. La muestra fue compuesta de 517 alumnos (nm = 303; nf = 214) practicantes de deporte escolar, con edades entre 13 a 19 años (X = 15,32; σ = 1,46), regularmente matriculados en grupos que van del último año de Enseñanza Primaria hasta el tercer año de Enseñanza Secundaria, pertenecientes a escuelas públicas y privadas del estado de Rio Grande del Sur. La investigación fue aprobada por el CEP - UFRGS, 2008055. El MJMIE fue testado con path analysis y ecuaciones estructurales. Los resultados obtenidos indicaron que el modelo presenta índices adecuados de validez en la muestra estudiada. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Desejabilidade Social , Esportes/psicologia , Autonomia Pessoal , Motivação , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
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