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1.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2021: 3735104, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34471406

RESUMO

How to effectively improve the effectiveness of art teaching has always been one of the hot topics concerned by all sectors of society. Especially, in art teaching, situational interaction helps improve the atmosphere of art class. However, there are few attempts to quantitatively evaluate the aesthetics of ink painting. Ink painting expresses images through ink tone and stroke changes, which is significantly different from photos and paintings in visual characteristics, semantic characteristics, and aesthetic standards. For this reason, this study proposes an adaptive computational aesthetic evaluation framework for ink painting based on situational interaction using deep learning techniques. The framework extracts global and local images as multiple input according to the aesthetic criteria of ink painting and designs a model named MVPD-CNN to extract deep aesthetic features; finally, an adaptive deep aesthetic evaluation model is constructed. The experimental results demonstrate that our model has higher aesthetic evaluation performance compared with baseline, and the extracted deep aesthetic features are significantly better than the traditional manual design features, and its adaptive evaluation results reach a Pearson height of 0.823 compared with the manual aesthetic. In addition, art classroom simulation and interference experiments show that our model is highly resistant to interference and more sensitive to the three painting elements of composition, ink color, and texture in specific compositions.


Assuntos
Pinturas , Simulação por Computador , Estética , Redes Neurais de Computação , Semântica
2.
Acta Psychol (Amst) ; 219: 103390, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34390931

RESUMO

While body modifications have increasingly gained acceptance and popularity, how different subpopulations aesthetically appreciate tattoos remains unclear. The present study aimed to investigate the conceptual structure underlying tattoo aesthetics, focusing on the effects of internalized social norms and expertise. Using a timed free-listing task, three groups (≤49 years, ≥50 years, and experts) comprising 497 participants were asked to write down adjectives that could describe tattoo aesthetics. Statistical analyses of frequency, cognitive salience indices, co-occurrence dimensions, semantic dimensions, similarity measures, and valences were applied and, to directly compare the three groups, a generalized Procrustes analysis was applied. The variance and complexity with which individuals verbally expressed their perceived aesthetic appeal of tattoos were highlighted. However, the results do not reveal a unified concept of beauty, nor do they present a clear bipolar dimension of beautiful/ugly for two of the three groups. Nevertheless, the concept of beauty was found to be prominent in tattoo aesthetics, and aesthetic and descriptive-evaluative dimensions were identified, with terms such as beautiful, ugly, multicolored, and interesting being the most notable adjectives, although not with the highest valence. Possible factors explaining the intracultural differences between the three groups are also discussed.


Assuntos
Tatuagem , Beleza , Estética , Humanos , Semântica , Normas Sociais
3.
Cogn Process ; 22(Suppl 1): 115-120, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34448969

RESUMO

People in developed countries spend over 90% of their time in built environments. Yet, we know little about its pervasive and often hidden effects on our mental state and our brain. Despite growing interest in the neuroscience of architecture, much of this scholarship has been descriptive. The typical approach is to map knowledge of the brain onto constructs important to architecture. For a programmatic line of research, how might descriptive neuroarchitecture be transformed into an experimental science? We review the literature outlining how one might consider experimental architecture first by examining the role of natural features in architectural settings. We then turn to the human experience of occupants, and hypothesized that aesthetic responses to architectural interiors reduce to key psychological dimensions. Conducting Psychometric Network Analysis (PNA) and Principal Components Analysis (PCA) on responses to curated images, we identified three components: coherence (ease of organizing and comprehending a scene), fascination (informational richness and generated interest), and hominess (personal ease and comfort). Coherence and fascination are well-established dimensions for natural scenes. Hominess was a new dimension related to architectural interiors. Central to all three communities in the PNA was emotional valence. We also reanalyzed data from an earlier fMRI study in which participants made beauty and approach-avoidance decisions while viewing the same images. Regardless of task, the degree of fascination covaried with neural activity in the right lingual gyrus. In contrast, coherence covaried with neural activity in the left inferior occipital gyrus only when participants judged beauty, and hominess covaried with neural activity in the left cuneus only when they made approach-avoidance decisions. The visual brain harbours hidden sensitivities to architectural interiors that are captured by the dimensions of coherence, fascination, and hominess. These findings represent first steps towards an experimental neuroarchitecture.


Assuntos
Encéfalo , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Beleza , Mapeamento Encefálico , Estética , Humanos
4.
Wiad Lek ; 74(7): 1600-1604, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34459758

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim: There is no information on the esthetic features of the face, which are typical of the patients with late mixed occlusion with maxillodental anomalies of Angle's class II1 depending on the types of mandible growth in domestic and foreign literature. To study the esthetic peculiarities in the face profile, which are typical of the patients aged 10-13 with maxillodental anomalies of Angle's class II1 with different types of mandible growth. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: 55 patients aged 10-13 with maxillodental anomalies of Angle's class II1 were examined. Teenagers were divided into five groups depending on the type of mandible growth. 82 photostatic images in profile were analyzed. Soft tissue analysis was performed using the Viasis method. RESULTS: Results: Face profile was studied based on the following indicators: convexity angle of the face profile Viazis (

Assuntos
Má Oclusão , Adolescente , Encéfalo , Estética , Humanos , Mandíbula
5.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2021: 4383092, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34422032

RESUMO

Color is the basic element of printmaking art creation and also an important medium for artists to express their emotions. In order to improve the understanding of the print by tourists, the research first carries out image analysis of different colors, summarizes the common color image adjectives in the art of publishing and painting, then optimizes BP neural network algorithm by gradient promotion (GP) algorithm, and constructs a color language analysis technology based on GP-BP neural network review paradigm. Through this technology, the content of color expression of different types of print art works is analyzed. Then, the subjective evaluation of these print art works is carried out by questionnaire adjustment method. Finally, the subjective evaluation and network evaluation results are compared. On the three materials, the expression effect of color image adjectives such as "heavy light fast," "modern classical," "lively steady," and "soft Yang Gang" is consistent (P value is greater than 0.05). The first set of print works mainly reflects the artist's "affinity cold" emotion. The MSE values of the evaluation results are less than 0.01. That is, the color language analysis technology of print art based on GP-BP neural network can reflect the artist's emotion to a certain extent when analyzing the color language of the print.


Assuntos
Redes Neurais de Computação , Pinturas , Algoritmos , Estética , Idioma
6.
J Cosmet Dermatol ; 20(9): 2691-2702, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34333828

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency (RF) is a non-invasive or minimally invasive procedure with a low risk of complications. It has been employed for several aesthetic purposes. AIM: This study aimed to conduct a systematic literature review on the use of RF for aesthetic applications and assess the level of accumulated evidence for each condition. METHODS: Using the MEDLINE/PubMed and EMBASE databases, we searched for articles published from 2009 to 2019 describing the use of RF treatment for aesthetic purposes. RESULTS: Our search approach identified 25 randomized clinical trials investigating the efficacy of RF in the following clinical situations: body contour improvement, facial rejuvenation, acne scar treatment, alopecia, and rosacea. There were problems with the quality of the studies, especially regarding selection, performance, and detection bias. CONCLUSION: Our study revealed that RF treatment is potentially promising in all of the evaluated clinical situations; however, we were not able to identify a level of evidence that justifies its use over other therapeutic options currently available on the market.


Assuntos
Alopecia , Rejuvenescimento , Estética , Humanos , Ondas de Rádio/efeitos adversos
7.
Acta Psychol (Amst) ; 219: 103365, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34246875

RESUMO

Many philosophers and psychologists have made claims about what is felt in an experience of beauty. Here, we test how well these claims match the feelings that people report while looking at an image, or listening to music, or recalling a personal experience of beauty. We conducted ten experiments (total n = 851) spanning three nations (US, UK, and India). Across nations and modalities, top-rated beauty experiences are strongly characterized by six dimensions: intense pleasure, an impression of universality, the wish to continue the experience, exceeding expectation, perceived harmony in variety, and meaningfulness. Other frequently proposed beauty characteristics - like surprise, desire to understand, and mind wandering - are uncorrelated with feeling beauty. A typical remembered beautiful experience was active and social like a family holiday - hardly ever mentioning beauty - and only rarely mentioned art, unlike the academic emphasis, in aesthetics, on solitary viewing of art. Our survey aligns well with Kant and the psychological theories that emphasize pleasure, and reject theories that emphasize information seeking.


Assuntos
Beleza , Música , Emoções , Estética , Humanos , Prazer
8.
J Biol Regul Homeost Agents ; 35(3 Suppl. 1): 127-137, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34289672

RESUMO

The aesthetic goals of implant dentistry should be similar to those of conventional prostheses. In implant-prosthetic rehabilitations of the anterior sectors, the quantity and quality of hard and soft tissue play a fundamental role in achieving the desired aesthetics and in integrating the restoration in a complete and harmonious way into the existing anterior dentition. Post-extraction implantology is a treatment option for implant therapy after the extraction of a single tooth in the anterior jaw. This article presents some key factors to analyze and follow in order to achieve a predictable and acceptable aesthetic result. The creation of a predictable peri-implant aesthetics requires adequate preservation of the bone and soft tissues around the teeth that will be extracted and a correct positioning of the 3D implant. Furthermore, aesthetic success requires the creation of a correct transmucosal path, during the provisional prosthetic phases, which must be replicated and maintained with the definitive crowns.


Assuntos
Carga Imediata em Implante Dentário , Coroas , Estética , Estética Dentária , Extração Dentária , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
J Biol Regul Homeost Agents ; 35(2 Suppl. 1): 345-350, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34281331

RESUMO

The aim of this case report was to present the management of the aesthetic consequences of the treatment for granuloma removal in the zygomatic region, with concentrated growth factors (CGF) activated by medical ozone. A 54-year-old woman presented with bilateral lesion in the zygomatic region, caused by treatment with hyaluronidase and laser for removal of a granuloma, developed after infiltration with hyaluronate. The lesion was treated by local application of platelet-rich plasma obtained with CGF centrifuge, and containing CD34+ cells, mixed and activated by ozone in a 1:1 proportion, at a concentration of 40 mg/ml for 30 sec, in a syringe. Five consecutive bilateral infiltrations were made at 3-week intervals. Lesion volume was measured, and patient's quality of life was assessed with PGWBI (Psychological General Well Being Index) questionnaire. After the third infiltration of CGF-ozone, a consistent reduction of the lesion was observed, until disappearance at the end of the treatment. The result was maintained after 4-year follow-up. Considerable improvement of patient's well-being was reported. This case report showed that CGF-ozone combined therapy may promote dermal regeneration, achieving excellent facial esthetics outcomes. This result needs to be confirmed by further studies with a larger sample size.


Assuntos
Ozônio , Estética , Feminino , Granuloma/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida
10.
Nurse Educ Today ; 105: 105031, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34218072

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Caring is the heart of nursing. However, not many understand the significance of caring in nursing from the perspectives of undergraduate nursing students, especially in Japan. AIM: To describe caring in nursing among Japanese nursing students as learned and communicated through their aesthetic expressions. METHODS: The study employed hermeneutic phenomenology. Sixty-one Japanese nursing students in their second year of baccalaureate degree studies participated. Constituting the data were art-based graphic expressions, such as drawings and written reflections on the drawings, as a response to the question of how the participants describe their meanings of caring in nursing. The thematic analysis method was used to analyze and interpret the data. The trustworthiness of the research was established following Lincoln and Guba's criteria. FINDINGS: Seven thematic categories were identified. These categories include (1) Engaging with others; (2) Knowing each other; (3) Being with other persons; (4) Nurturing intimate personal growth; (5) Supporting wholeness of persons; (6) Vacillating rhythm; and (7) Intensifying competency. CONCLUSION: This study described the understanding of caring in nursing among undergraduate Japanese nursing students during their second year of study. The caring in nursing focused on reciprocal relationships, whole-person relating, and practice competency. Findings suggested that nurse educators should develop teaching-learning strategies for nursing students to continuously grow as caring persons.


Assuntos
Bacharelado em Enfermagem , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Estética , Docentes de Enfermagem , Humanos , Japão
11.
JMIR Mhealth Uhealth ; 9(7): e29689, 2021 07 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34259639

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a robust market for mobile health (mHealth) apps focused on self-guided interventions to address a high prevalence of mental health disorders and behavioral health needs in the general population. Disseminating mental health interventions via mHealth technologies may help overcome barriers in access to care and has broad consumer appeal. However, development and testing of mental health apps in formal research settings are limited and far outpaced by everyday consumer use. In addition to prioritizing efficacy and effectiveness testing, researchers should examine and test app design elements that impact the user experience, increase engagement, and lead to sustained use over time. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the objective and subjective quality of apps that are successful across both research and consumer sectors, and the relationships between objective app quality, subjective user ratings, and evidence-based behavior change techniques. This will help inform user-centered design considerations for mHealth researchers to maximize design elements and features associated with consumer appeal, engagement, and sustainability. METHODS: We conducted a user-centered design analysis of popular consumer apps with scientific backing utilizing the well-validated Mobile Application Rating Scale (MARS). Popular consumer apps with research support were identified via a systematic search of the App Store iOS (Apple Inc) and Google Play (Google LLC) and literature review. We evaluated the quality metrics of 19 mental health apps along 4 MARS subscales, namely, Engagement, Functionality, Aesthetics, and Information Quality. MARS total and subscale scores range from 1 to 5, with higher scores representing better quality. We then extracted user ratings from app download platforms and coded apps for evidence-based treatment components. We calculated Pearson correlation coefficients to identify associations between MARS scores, App Store iOS/Google Play consumer ratings, and number of evidence-based treatment components. RESULTS: The mean MARS score was 3.52 (SD 0.71), consumer rating was 4.22 (SD 0.54), and number of evidence-based treatment components was 2.32 (SD 1.42). Consumer ratings were significantly correlated with the MARS Functionality subscale (r=0.74, P<.001), Aesthetics subscale (r=0.70, P<.01), and total score (r=0.58, P=.01). Number of evidence-based intervention components was not associated with MARS scores (r=0.085, P=.73) or consumer ratings (r=-0.329, P=.16). CONCLUSIONS: In our analysis of popular research-supported consumer apps, objective app quality and subjective consumer ratings were generally high. App functionality and aesthetics were highly consistent with consumer appeal, whereas evidence-based components were not. In addition to designing treatments that work, we recommend that researchers prioritize aspects of app design that impact the user experience for engagement and sustainability (eg, ease of use, navigation, visual appeal). This will help translate evidence-based interventions to the competitive consumer app market, thus bridging the gap between research development and real-world implementation.


Assuntos
Aplicativos Móveis , Telemedicina , Terapia Comportamental , Estética , Humanos , Saúde Mental
12.
Aesthet Surg J ; 41(10): 1218-1220, 2021 09 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34228097

Assuntos
Estética , Humanos
13.
Ann Plast Surg ; 87(2): 161-164, 2021 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34253699

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Alar rim defects develop in most cases as a result of burns, trauma, or tumor excision. Congenital alar rim defects are rare, with an incidence of 1 in 20,000 to 40,000 live births. Tessier classification is the most commonly used classification system for craniofacial defects. Facial clefts involving the nose are categorized as types 0, 1, 2, and 3, whereas cranial clefts with nose lesions are categorized as types 11, 12, 13, and 14. The patterns of nasal clefts are extremely variable, ranging from a simple notch of alar margin to complex craniofacial cleft involving the lip, nose, eyelid, brow, forehead, and underlying bone. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was conducted at Fayoum University Hospital on 8 male patients who present with congenital alar rim defects (Tessier number 1 cleft). Surgeries were performed under general anesthesia with orotracheal intubation. A full-thickness incision was created along the whole alar subunit, keeping the ala attached only laterally (laterally based alar full-thickness flap). The alar flap was advanced and rotated medially and inferiorly and sutured to the anatomical place in 2 layers, skin and mucosa. Follow-up was done at least 1.5 years postoperatively. RESULTS: The study was conducted on 8 male patients presenting with congenital alar rim defects (Tessier number 1 cleft). The mean age of patients was 14.2 years, and the cleft was unilateral in 4 patients (50%) and bilateral in 4 patients (50%). The patients were assessed both aesthetically and functionally and followed at 1.5 years postoperatively. The aesthetic outcome was assessed according to both patients' and author's evaluations of the scar appearance, alar symmetry, nostril symmetry, and general satisfaction. CONCLUSIONS: Laterally based alar subunit rotation advancement flap is a reliable option for reconstruction of congenital alar rim defects (Tessier number 1 cleft) with the advantages of being an easy single-stage procedure with good tissue matching and nostril symmetry and only limitation of extremely wide defects with deficient tissues between the ala and tip.


Assuntos
Fenda Labial , Rinoplastia , Adolescente , Fenda Labial/cirurgia , Estética , Humanos , Masculino , Nariz/cirurgia , Rotação , Retalhos Cirúrgicos
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34209944

RESUMO

Background: To compare the skeletal, dental, and esthetic changes produced by three functional devices, Fränkel-2 appliance (FR-2), Twin Block (TB), and Occlus-o-Guide® (O-o-G®), for the treatment of Class II malocclusion. Methods: Sixty-five patients with Class II Division 1 malocclusion were divided into three groups and were analyzed through cephalometric analysis of skeletal, dental, and esthetic variables before and after treatment. The first group of 23 patients (F: 9; M: 14; mean age: 10.3 ± 1.08 years) was treated with FR-2, the second group of 18 patients (F: 8; M: 10; mean age 10.7 ± 1.05 years) was treated with TB, the third group (F: 11; M: 13; mean age: 9.05 ± 0.39 years) of 24 patients was treated with O-o-G®. The structural effects of the three devices were compared with a control group generated by the growth variations reported in the cephalometric atlas of Bhatia and Leighton. Esthetic analysis was performed comparing the results of the patients treated with a control group of 20 subjects with mandibular retrognathia and Class II Division 1 malocclusion, not subjected to therapy. Results: The three devices resulted in a significant increase in mandibular length, with higher results obtained for FR-2 and TB. A statistically significant increase in the IMPA angle was found for the O-o-G® group, and a notable reduction of both overjet and overbite was detected in all three groups of treated patients. The esthetic evaluation showed overall more significant results in the TB group, especially with regard to the reduction of facial convexity. The retrusion of the upper lip was on average more significant in the O-o-G® group, followed by that in the TB. Conclusions: All three devices have proven to be effective overall in resolving skeletal changes and improving facial esthetics.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Funcionais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Cefalometria , Criança , Estética , Humanos , Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34203881

RESUMO

The environment affects moral behavior. Previous research found that a beautiful environment leads to pro-social behavior, which is related to behavioral intention. However, the effect of environmental aesthetic value on immoral and moral behavior remains unclear. Therefore, in the present study, we explored the effect of environmental aesthetic value on behavioral intention and its possible mechanisms. We conducted four experiments. Experiment 1 adopted the priming paradigm and IAT paradigm to explore the relationship between environmental aesthetic value and behavioral intention. It used photographs of the environment as priming stimuli and scene drawings of behavior as target stimuli. The results showed that participants had a higher intention to engage in moral behavior in an environment with a high aesthetic value, and a lower intention to engage in immoral behavior, compared to in an environment with a low aesthetic value. Similarly, an environment with a low aesthetic value was related to immoral behavior. Experiment 2 further explored the possible mechanism for the above results: changes in moral judgment. The results showed that moral judgment in different environments may lead to different behavioral intentions. The current study extends prior research by demonstrating the effect of environmental aesthetic value on behavioral intention and moral judgment, and good knowledge about the relationship between environmental aesthetic value and moral behavior. In addition, it provides a new hypothesis for the relationship between environment and behavior according to the results of the environment-behavior matching hypothesis, which can provide a new perspective on moral education.


Assuntos
Intenção , Julgamento , Beleza , Estética , Humanos , Princípios Morais
16.
Compend Contin Educ Dent ; 42(7): 256-257, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34297591

RESUMO

There are many essential elements to achieving long-lasting esthetic and physiologic outcomes in implant dentistry in the esthetic zone. Here are three specialists take on the three most essential elements to implants in the esthetic zone.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários para Um Único Dente , Implantes Dentários , Implantação Dentária Endo-Óssea , Estética , Estética Dentária
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(24): e26175, 2021 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34128848

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Reconstruction of breast defects of patients who underwent mastectomy can be challenging. This study was designed to review a series of 43 breast cancer patients who underwent immediate breast reconstruction (IBR) using the latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap with/without implants. The demographic characteristics, clinical application feasibility, and the satisfaction rates of the patients were retrospectively collected and evaluated.A total of 43 breast cancer patients who underwent mastectomy between August 2015 and February 2020 were included in the retrospective study. The included patients were subjected to IBR using latissimus dorsi muscular flap (LDMF) with/without implants. The clinical application feasibility and the satisfaction rates of the patients were evaluated.Among these patients, 35 patients underwent nipple-sparing mastectomy and 8 patients underwent skin-sparing mastectomy. Twenty-nine patients underwent IBR using LDMF with implants, and 14 patients underwent IBR using LDMF without implants. Among these patients, 2 patients had partial LDMF necrosis and atrophy, and showed significant shrink of the reconstructed breast. One patient developed seromas, and seromas were improved by active dressing change and sucking out the fluid via the skin using a syringe. Two patients had local skin flap necrosis on the chest, 1 patient had preserved areola and local necrosis of the nipple, and this was healed after dressing change. Based on the Harris method, 27, 9, 5, and 2 cases were evaluated as "excellent," "good," "fair," and "poor," respectively.In the present study, the reconstructed breast has natural shape, good symmetry, and hidden postoperative scars. The aesthetic effect is relatively good, and the use of LDMF may represent an acceptable and valid option for IBR. The success of this procedure depends on the design of the incision, the skill and proficiency of the operation, as well as the correct treatment after surgery.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Mamoplastia/métodos , Retalho Miocutâneo/transplante , Músculos Superficiais do Dorso/transplante , Adulto , Implantes de Mama , China , Estética , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Mastectomia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Satisfação do Paciente , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Ann Plast Surg ; 86(6S Suppl 5): S585-S592, 2021 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34100818

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Prepectoral acellular dermal matrix (ADM)-assisted breast reconstruction has demonstrated improved pain scores, faster return to full range of motion, and an appropriate postoperative safety profile when compared with cohorts with submuscular implant placement; however, there are limited data on aesthetic outcomes. Basic science biointegration research has previously demonstrated faster ADM incorporation with fenestrated compared with confluent ADM. We report the safety profile of anterior support meshed ADM prepectoral breast reconstruction and analyze predictive factors for aesthetic outcomes after gel implant placement. METHODS: All consecutive immediate staged prepectoral expander-to-implant breast reconstructions with more than 6 months of follow-up were compared with a partially submuscular cohort for demographics, comorbidities, and postoperative complications. All patients 1 to 3.5 years after gel implant placement were evaluated for the impact of clinical characteristics on aesthetic outcomes. RESULTS: Two hundred twenty-four prepectoral tissue expander placements were compared with 535 partially submuscular tissue expanders with no significant differences in demographics. There was increased wound dehiscence repaired in clinic and insignificantly decreased seromas with prepectoral expander placement. One hundred sixty breasts were reconstructed with gel implants, and 12 underwent autologous reconstruction during the conduct of the study. The remaining 21 patients were continuing expansion, and 3 succumbed to disease progression. Regression analysis of 86 breast reconstructions showed that a body mass index of greater than 30, fat grafting, and highly cohesive anatomic implants decreased rippling, whereas radiation increased capsular contracture (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Prepectoral meshed ADM breast reconstruction has an equivalent safety profile to partially submuscular ADM-assisted reconstruction and early aesthetic ratings comparable with other published accounts of implant-based reconstruction. Radiated skin envelopes carry higher capsular contracture rates. Thin patients have a higher risk of visible rippling, whereas fat grafting and higher cohesivity implants are associated with less rippling.


Assuntos
Derme Acelular , Implante Mamário , Implantes de Mama , Neoplasias da Mama , Mamoplastia , Estética , Feminino , Humanos , Expansão de Tecido
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34067997

RESUMO

The multidimensional iterative composition of urban landscapes and the formation mechanism of the aesthetic perception dimension are elucidated. The cognitive schema theory aims to reveal the intrinsic mechanism of urban landscape aesthetic activities. Using London as an empirical case to explore the representation and structure of urban landscape aesthetic, a cognitive schema, the cognitive map of its urban landscape, was constructed based on the qualitative analysis of the texts derived from travel notes. Eight aspects of urban landscapes, together with 21 representative concepts of cognitive schema closely related to aesthetic perception, indicate the structures and approaches people perceive in urban landscapes. This article provides experience and reference for urban landscape enhancement and related practices in China by studying the contemporary Western urban landscape.


Assuntos
Cognição , Sensação , China , Estética , Humanos , Londres
20.
J Cosmet Dermatol ; 20(8): 2469-2471, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34129719

RESUMO

In recent years, the popularity of fillers has risen significantly. Traditionally, women have undergone the vast majority of cosmetic procedures, but men have steadily shown increasing interest. Recently, significant research has been dedicated to understanding the anatomic differences between male and female facial structures and their clinical aesthetic implications, especially for filler placement. In order to compare actual treatment data to evidence these discussions, we randomly selected 100 cases each of men and women, who were matched for age, and documented their filler placement locations. Facial heat maps were constructed to provide readers with visual evidence. Injections for male cheeks were more inferiomedial, while female cheeks were more superolateral. Men had more jawline fillers, while women had more lip and perioral fillers. Our study builds upon gender-specific considerations. It is important for physicians to be knowledgeable regarding the unique approaches to fillers in men and women in order to deliver more effective, tailored, and high-quality care.


Assuntos
Técnicas Cosméticas , Preenchedores Dérmicos , Preenchedores Dérmicos/efeitos adversos , Estética , Face , Feminino , Humanos , Ácido Hialurônico , Injeções , Masculino , Rejuvenescimento
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