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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(46): e17474, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31725604

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study aims to assess the clinic impact of low-radiation computed tomography coronary angiography (LR-CTCA) diagnosis for coronary artery stenosis (CAS). METHODS: This study will comprehensively search the following electronic databases from inception to the present: PUBMED, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, PsycINFO, Web of Science, Google, Allied and Complementary Medicine Database, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, VIP database, WANGFANG, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure. All these electronic databases will be searched without language restrictions. All case-controlled studies on assessing the clinical impact of LR-CTCA diagnosis for patients with CAS will be included. Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies tool will be utilized to evaluate the methodological quality for each qualified studies. RESULTS: We will assess the clinic impact of LR-CTCA diagnosis for CAS by measuring sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio, negative likelihood ratio, and diagnostic odds ratio. CONCLUSION: The results of this study will summarize the latest evidence of LR-CTCA diagnosis for CAS. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42019139336.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/estatística & dados numéricos , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Humanos , Funções Verossimilhança , Metanálise como Assunto , Razão de Chances , Doses de Radiação , Projetos de Pesquisa , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto
2.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 50(4): 571-576, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31642238

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the value of automated detection in computed tomography angiography (CTA) for cases with greater than 70% coronary stenosis. METHODS: Fifty-seven patients who had both coronary CTA and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) were retrospectively recruited in this study. The patients were categorized into two groups using a cutoff value of 70% stenosis in DSA. The AW4.6 software was used to estimate the diameter and square values from the data obtained from CTA. The sensitivity (SE), specificity (SPE), positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of the automated CTA estimations were calculated. RESULTS: A total of 178 vessels from the 57 patients were analyzed. The automated CTA estimations had moderate to high levels of agreements (Kappa value: 0.716-0.804, P < 0.001) with the DSA diagnoses, compared with low to moderate levels of agreements (Kappa value: 0.385-0.533, P < 0.001) in manual interpretations. The square estimations generated high SE (100%) and NPV (100%) for patient diagnoses (P < 0.016 7 vs. manual interpretations). The diameter estimations generated high SPE (90.48%) and PPV (94.12%) for patient diagnoses (P < 0.016 7, vs. manual interpretations). Similarly, high SE (96.92%) and NPV (97.89%) were found for square estimations in vessel diagnoses, while high SPE (94.69%) and PPV (90.16%) were found for diameter estimations in vessel diagnoses. CONCLUSIONS: Both automated diameter and square algorithms have high accuracy for diagnosing patients with greater than 70% coronary artery stenosis. The AW4.6 can improve the detection of severe stenosis that needs stent interventions.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Angiografia Coronária , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia Digital , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
4.
Lancet ; 394(10204): 1169-1180, 2019 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484629

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with stable coronary artery disease and diabetes with previous percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), particularly those with previous stenting, are at high risk of ischaemic events. These patients are generally treated with aspirin. In this trial, we aimed to investigate if these patients would benefit from treatment with aspirin plus ticagrelor. METHODS: The Effect of Ticagrelor on Health Outcomes in diabEtes Mellitus patients Intervention Study (THEMIS) was a phase 3 randomised, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial, done in 1315 sites in 42 countries. Patients were eligible if 50 years or older, with type 2 diabetes, receiving anti-hyperglycaemic drugs for at least 6 months, with stable coronary artery disease, and one of three other mutually non-exclusive criteria: a history of previous PCI or of coronary artery bypass grafting, or documentation of angiographic stenosis of 50% or more in at least one coronary artery. Eligible patients were randomly assigned (1:1) to either ticagrelor or placebo, by use of an interactive voice-response or web-response system. The THEMIS-PCI trial comprised a prespecified subgroup of patients with previous PCI. The primary efficacy outcome was a composite of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, or stroke (measured in the intention-to-treat population). FINDINGS: Between Feb 17, 2014, and May 24, 2016, 11 154 patients (58% of the overall THEMIS trial) with a history of previous PCI were enrolled in the THEMIS-PCI trial. Median follow-up was 3·3 years (IQR 2·8-3·8). In the previous PCI group, fewer patients receiving ticagrelor had a primary efficacy outcome event than in the placebo group (404 [7·3%] of 5558 vs 480 [8·6%] of 5596; HR 0·85 [95% CI 0·74-0·97], p=0·013). The same effect was not observed in patients without PCI (p=0·76, pinteraction=0·16). The proportion of patients with cardiovascular death was similar in both treatment groups (174 [3·1%] with ticagrelor vs 183 (3·3%) with placebo; HR 0·96 [95% CI 0·78-1·18], p=0·68), as well as all-cause death (282 [5·1%] vs 323 [5·8%]; 0·88 [0·75-1·03], p=0·11). TIMI major bleeding occurred in 111 (2·0%) of 5536 patients receiving ticagrelor and 62 (1·1%) of 5564 patients receiving placebo (HR 2·03 [95% CI 1·48-2·76], p<0·0001), and fatal bleeding in 6 (0·1%) of 5536 patients with ticagrelor and 6 (0·1%) of 5564 with placebo (1·13 [0·36-3·50], p=0·83). Intracranial haemorrhage occurred in 33 (0·6%) and 31 (0·6%) patients (1·21 [0·74-1·97], p=0·45). Ticagrelor improved net clinical benefit: 519/5558 (9·3%) versus 617/5596 (11·0%), HR=0·85, 95% CI 0·75-0·95, p=0·005, in contrast to patients without PCI where it did not, pinteraction=0·012. Benefit was present irrespective of time from most recent PCI. INTERPRETATION: In patients with diabetes, stable coronary artery disease, and previous PCI, ticagrelor added to aspirin reduced cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, and stroke, although with increased major bleeding. In that large, easily identified population, ticagrelor provided a favourable net clinical benefit (more than in patients without history of PCI). This effect shows that long-term therapy with ticagrelor in addition to aspirin should be considered in patients with diabetes and a history of PCI who have tolerated antiplatelet therapy, have high ischaemic risk, and low bleeding risk. FUNDING: AstraZeneca.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Ticagrelor/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Angiografia Coronária , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Método Duplo-Cego , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Prevenção Secundária , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia
5.
Int Heart J ; 60(5): 1154-1160, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484855

RESUMO

In-stent neoatherosclerosis is an important problem after percutaneous coronary intervention. To explore the mechanisms and treatment of in-stent neoatherosclerosis, an animal model is needed. To avoid the disadvantages of current animal models, such as excessive use of X-rays and a high mortality rate, we attempted to develop an improved animal model. We explored a method that uses a short time interval to establish a rabbit model of in-stent neoatherosclerosis with a high survival rate and to evaluate its indicators. Sixty rabbits were divided into three equal groups: group A, the traditional method; group B, the standard intervention method; and group C, the improved method. In group C, we made two small incisions in each rabbit's neck, separated the common carotid, punctured it, and implanted a stent. The incision was then sutured. Four weeks later, we used optical coherence tomography (OCT) to scan all rabbits for neoatherosclerosis. We found no significant differences in OCT data between our new animal model and the traditional and interventional groups (P > 0.05). The technological success rate was higher in the new animal model (P < 0.001). We developed a new method to establish an animal model of neoatherosclerosis, which had similar results to the traditional and interventional methods.


Assuntos
Reestenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose Coronária/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Stents/efeitos adversos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Animais , Reestenose Coronária/mortalidade , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose Coronária/mortalidade , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Masculino , Neointima/diagnóstico por imagem , Neointima/patologia , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Falha de Prótese , Coelhos , Distribuição Aleatória , Fatores de Risco , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Taxa de Sobrevida
6.
Int Heart J ; 60(5): 1070-1076, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484856

RESUMO

The efficacy of drug-coated balloons (DCB) for in-stent restenosis (ISR) in hemodialysis (HD) patients remains unclear.We retrospectively evaluated 153 consecutive patients who underwent DCB for ISR with follow-ups for up to 3 years after the procedure between February 2014 and June 2017. Patients were divided into an HD group (n = 39) and a non-HD group (n = 114). The primary endpoint was target lesion revascularization (TLR). The secondary endpoints were all revascularizations and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) defined as cardiac death, myocardial infarction and cerebral infarction. Kaplan-Meier curves of survival free from TLR were compared between the two groups. We also performed propensity score matching and then compared the two matched groups (n = 27 in each group). The acute procedure success rate was similar for the two groups (100% versus 99.1%, P = 0.56). The incidence of TLR was higher in the HD group than in the non-HD group (41.0% versus 9.6%, P < 0.0001). The rate of revascularizations and MACE combined was significantly higher in the HD group than in the non-HD group (64.1% versus 17.5%, P < 0.0001). Kaplan-Meier analyses showed that survival free from TLR was significantly lower in the HD group than in the non-HD group both before and after propensity score matching (P < 0.0001 and P = 0.005, respectively; log-rank test).Contrary to the similar acute procedure success, recurrent ISR and MACE occurred more frequently in HD patients than in non-HD patients after DCB, which indicates poorer long-term efficacy of DCB in HD patients.


Assuntos
Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/efeitos adversos , Cateteres Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Reestenose Coronária/terapia , Estenose Coronária/terapia , Stents Farmacológicos/efeitos adversos , Diálise Renal/métodos , Idoso , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/instrumentação , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/métodos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Causas de Morte , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis , Reestenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Reestenose Coronária/mortalidade , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Revascularização Miocárdica/métodos , Revascularização Miocárdica/mortalidade , Paclitaxel/farmacologia , Pontuação de Propensão , Diálise Renal/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Int Heart J ; 60(5): 1050-1060, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484868

RESUMO

Edge restenosis has gained attention as a main cause of restenosis after first-generation drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of edge restenosis and identify the predictors of edge restenosis after second-generation DES implantation. Data were obtained from several postmarketing surveillance (PMS) studies on a cobalt-chromium everolimus-eluting stent (CoCr-EES; Xience V/PROMUS, Xience Prime, Xience Prime SV, and Xience Expedition SV), a second-generation DES, in Japan. Angiographic analysis was conducted at the baseline and after eight months on the following subsegments: in-stent region, proximal edge, and distal edge. Restenosis was defined as ≥ 50% diameter stenosis (DS) at follow-up. We used multivariate logistic regression (with lesions as a random effect) to compare the instances of restenosis between the proximal and the distal edges. Univariate and multivariate analyses of the risk factors for restenosis were performed for each subsegment. We analyzed 1,966 lesions in 1,687 patients. The restenosis rates at the in-stent region, proximal edge, and distal edge were 4.4%, 3.0%, and 1.1%, respectively. The risk of restenosis at the distal edge was significantly lower than that at the proximal edge, when adjusted for 13 variables. The predictors of restenosis were postprocedural % diameter stenosis (%DS), postprocedural reference diameter, ≥ 45° bending, stent overlap at the proximal edge, and postprocedural %DS at the distal edge. Our analysis of eight-month angiographic outcomes from CoCr-EES PMS demonstrated that postprocedural %DS is a major predictor of edge restenosis. Edge restenosis is more likely attributable to postprocedural angiographic results than to the patient's background.


Assuntos
Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Estenose Coronária/terapia , Stents Farmacológicos/efeitos adversos , Vigilância de Produtos Comercializados , Desenho de Prótese , Sirolimo/farmacologia , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/métodos , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/mortalidade , Cromo , Cobalto , Estudos de Coortes , Reestenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Reestenose Coronária/epidemiologia , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose Coronária/mortalidade , Análise de Falha de Equipamento , Feminino , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Incidência , Japão , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (8): 36-40, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464272

RESUMO

Objective - analysis of coronary angiography data in long-term period after coronary artery bypass surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: There were 78 patients (75 (96.2%) men and 3 (3.8%) women) with recurrent angina pectoris after CABG. Postoperative follow-up period ranged from 1 month to 8 years. RESULTS: There were 104 and 39 local stenoses and occlusions de novo, respectively. New local stenoses appeared in 31 arteries with patent bypass grafts and in 18 arteries with closed graft. There were 143 (60.3%) patent and 94 (39.7%) occluded grafts. All grafts (n=4, 100%) were patent after bypass grafting of one coronary artery, 3 (13.7%) grafts were occluded after bypass grafting of 2 coronary arteries. Occlusion of 57 (45.2%) out of 126 grafts was noted after bypass grafting of 3 coronary arteries, in case of grafting of 4coronary arteries - 34 (40%) out of 85 grafts. CONCLUSION: Thus, the main causes of thrombosis of the grafts were poor distal vessels, technical errors in harvesting and implantation of the grafts, mediastinitis, overestimated indications for surgery (coronary stenoses <50%), progression of atherosclerotic process, usage of venous grafts. Also, there is a direct relationship between transplant thrombosis and the number of bypassed coronary arteries.


Assuntos
Angina Pectoris/etiologia , Angiografia Coronária , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Reestenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Reestenose Coronária/etiologia , Estenose Coronária/etiologia , Trombose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose Coronária/etiologia , Vasos Coronários/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Recidiva , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(27): e15990, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31277090

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent studies have demonstrated that coronary microcirculation dysfunction (CMVD) is closely correlated with adverse clinical outcomes. In this study, quantitative stress myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) was used to evaluate the CMVD and to investigate its association with the prognosis of patients with nonobstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). MATERIAL AND METHODS: From 2006 to 2014, 227 consecutive patients with chest pain and a diagnostic coronary angiography without significant coronary artery stenosis (<50%) who underwent adenosine triphosphate disodium (ATP) stress MCE were enrolled. Quantitative MCE measurements were analyzed using replenishment curves. RESULTS: Median follow-up time of this study was 5.3 years. Predictors of impaired coronary flow reserve (CFR) were smoking, diabetes, high apolipoprotein B, high low-density lipoprotein, serum uric acid, and low apolipoprotein A. During follow-up, 22 patients were reported to have 30 cardiac events (21 unstable angina, 3 nonfatal myocardial infarctions, 6 percutaneous coronary interventions). Using multivariate analysis, abnormal ß reserve (≤1.6), impaired CFR (≤2.0), and diabetes were independent predictors of primary endpoint events in patients with nonobstructive CAD (P < .05). Multivariate analysis showed that CFR ≤2.0 (odds ratio [OR] =  25.21, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.01-182.32; P = .003), ß reserve ≤1.6 (OR = 29.96, 95% CI: 3.5-241.27; P = .002), and diabetic (OR = 33.11, 95% CI: 3.65-300.02; P = .002) significantly increased the risk of the primary endpoint events. CONCLUSIONS: ATP stress quantitative MCE is a feasible and effective method to evaluate microcirculation abnormalities in human coronary arteries and it can be used for the clinical analysis, risk stratification, and treatment of early CAD.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia sob Estresse/métodos , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Microcirculação/fisiologia , Trifosfato de Adenosina/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Curva ROC , Fatores de Risco
10.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 35(10): 1811-1821, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31093895

RESUMO

No-reflow (NR) is one of the major complications of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). We aim to assess the value of multilayer longitudinal strain parameter to predict NR in patients with NSTEMI and preserved ejection fraction. 230 consecutive patients who were admitted to the emergency department and diagnosed with NSTEMI were prospectively included in this study. Echocardiography was performed 1 h before angiography. Specific analysis for endocardial, mid-myocardial and epicardial layers were performed by two-dimensional (2D) speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) for multilayer longitudinal strain. NR was described as flow grade of ≤ TIMI 2 when mechanical occlusions like dissection, intimal tear, arterial spasm and thromboembolism during angiography were excluded. 49 of 168 patients admitted to the study had NR. No significant differences were observed between the groups regarding age and gender. Multilayer longitudinal strain imaging (endocard, midmyocard and epicard) revealed lower strain values particularly in endocardial layer in patients with NR (GLS-endocard: - 14.14 ± 1.39/- 17.41 ± 2.34, p < 0.001; GLS-midmyocard: - 14.81 ± 1.40/17.81 ± 2.22, p < 0.001; GLS-epicard: - 16.14 ± 1.38/18.22 ± 2.00, p < 0.001). GLS-endocard, GLS-midmyocard, GLS-epicard and ST depression were found to be statistically significant independents parameters respectively to predict NR phenomenon (GLS-endocard: OR: 2.193, p < 0.001; GLS-midmyocard: OR: 1.510, p: 0.016; GLS-epicard: OR: 1.372, p: 0.035; ST depression: OR: 3.694, p: 0.014). We revealed that left ventricular strain study with speckle tracking echocardiography predicts NR formation. This noninvasive method may be useful for detecting NR formation in patients with NSTEMI.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Estenose Coronária/terapia , Ecocardiografia Doppler de Pulso , Fenômeno de não Refluxo/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose Coronária/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenômeno de não Refluxo/diagnóstico por imagem , Fenômeno de não Refluxo/fisiopatologia , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/fisiopatologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 35(9): 1563-1572, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31053979

RESUMO

The measurement of fractional flow reserve (FFR) and superficial wall stress (SWS) identifies inducible myocardial ischemia and plaque vulnerability, respectively. A simultaneous evaluation of both FFR and SWS is still lacking, while it may have a major impact on therapy. A new computational model of one-way fluid-structure interaction (FSI) was implemented and used to perform a total of 54 analyses in virtual coronary lesion models, based on plaque compositions, arterial remodeling patterns, and stenosis morphologies under physiological conditions. Due to a greater lumen dilation and more induced strain, FFR in the lipid-rich lesions (0.81 ± 0.15) was higher than that in fibrous lesions (0.79 ± 0.16, P = 0.001) and calcified lesions (0.79 ± 0.16, P = 0.001). Four types of lesions were further defined, based on the combination of cutoff values for FFR (0.80) and maximum relative SWS (30 kPa): The level of risk increased from (1) plaques with mild-to-moderate stenosis but negative remodeling for lipid-rich (Type A: non-ischemic, stable) to (2) lipid-rich plaques with mild-to-moderate stenosis and without-to-positive remodeling (Type B: non-ischemic, unstable) or plaques with severe stenosis but negative remodeling for lipid-rich (Type C: ischemic, stable) to (3) lipid-rich plaques with severe stenosis and without-to-positive remodeling (Type D: ischemic, unstable). The analysis of FSI to simultaneously evaluate inducible myocardial ischemia and plaque stability may be useful to identify coronary lesions at a high risk and to ultimately optimize treatment. Further research is warranted to assess whether a more aggressive treatment may improve the prognosis of patients with non-ischemic, intermediate, and unstable lesions.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/patologia , Vasos Coronários/fisiopatologia , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico , Hemodinâmica , Modelos Cardiovasculares , Placa Aterosclerótica , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/patologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Estenose Coronária/patologia , Estenose Coronária/fisiopatologia , Estenose Coronária/terapia , Humanos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Ruptura Espontânea , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
12.
Int Heart J ; 60(3): 608-617, 2019 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31105142

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to investigate the performance of low keV mono-energetic reconstructions in spectral coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) using spectral detector CT (SDCT) with reduced contrast media and radiation dose.Sixty patients were randomly assigned to Groups A and B (both n = 30) to undergo CCTA on a dual-layer SDCT with tube voltage 120 kVp and 100 kVp (average tube current: 108.5 and 73.8 mAs, respectively), with contrast media volume of 36 mL used in both groups. The mono-energetic 40-80 keV and conventional 120 kVp images in Group A and conventional 100 kVp images in Group B were reconstructed. Quantitative and qualitative image quality (IQ) were evaluated in the aortic root and distal segments of the coronary arteries.The patient characteristics were not significantly different between the two groups (all P≥ 0.47), nor was the effective radiation dose (1.5 ± 0.3 and 1.4 ± 0.3 mSv, P = 0.20). The quantitative IQ in aorta and coronary arteries of mono-energetic 40-60 keV was superior to conventional 120 kVp and 100 kVp images (all P < 0.05). The noise in spectral images was lower compared to conventional images (all P < 0.01). The subjective IQ score of 40-50 keV images was not significantly different from that of 100 kVp images (P > 0.8).The mono-energetic 40-50 keV reconstructions from spectral CCTA using SDCT provide improved IQ compared to conventional techniques while facilitating reduced radiation dose and contrast media.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/instrumentação , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador/normas , Idoso , Meios de Contraste , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doses de Radiação , Distribuição Aleatória , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
13.
Vasc Health Risk Manag ; 15: 109-113, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31118652

RESUMO

Aims: This study aimed to utilize a validated sleep questionnaire as a screening tool for symptoms and risk of obstructive sleep apnea in patients undergoing coronary catheterization in Jordan. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional design was used to screen adult patients undergoing coronary catheterization for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The Berlin sleep questionnaire was used to record nocturnal and daytime symptoms of OSA and to stratify patients into "low-risk" or "high-risk" for OSA. Coronary artery disease was defined as ≥50% intraluminal stenosis in at least one coronary vessel. Results: A total of 398 patients were studied, mean age was 58.7 years (SD=10.70), ranging from 21-92 years, and 68.6% were males. Based on the Berlin sleep questionnaire's definition, 176 patients (44.2%) were at high-risk for obstructive sleep apnea. Snoring was reported by 61%; loud in 42.1%, and frequent in 62%. Daytime sleepiness was reported by 36%, and 18.9% had fallen asleep while driving. Witnessed apnea during sleep was less reported (7.8%). Prevalence of symptoms and risk of OSA were not different between patients with and without coronary artery disease, P>0.05. In addition, logistic regression indicated that there was no significant association between risk of OSA and coronary artery disease, adjusted (odds ratio=0.93, 95% Confidence Interval=0.60-1.44, P=0.752). Conclusions: Symptoms and risk of obstructive sleep apnea were common among adult Jordanians undergoing coronary catheterization. There was no association between risk of obstructive sleep apnea and coronary artery disease. Larger studies are needed to assess the role of screening for obstructive sleep apnea in this patient population.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/diagnóstico , Sono , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Estenose Coronária/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Jordânia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prevalência , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/epidemiologia , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/fisiopatologia , Adulto Jovem
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(19): e15621, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31083259

RESUMO

RATIONAL: Plaque rapid progression prior to acute myocardial infarction is not a common phenomenon, and its mechanism remains unknown. Intracoronary imaging may help to assess the plaque characteristics and progression. PATIENT CONCERN: A 37-year-old male patient suffered an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) 1 month after the diagnosis of a mildly stenosed coronary artery. Intracoronary imaging was done to seek the underlying causes and guide further treatment. DIAGNOSIS: Two coronary angiograms in 1 month showed plaque rapid progressing prior to the AMI. Intracoronary optical coherence tomography (OCT) post-AMI showed plaque erosion and heavy burden of thrombus. INTERVENTION: The patient was advised to defer stent deployment. The patient was then given intensified antithrombotic therapy. Three weeks later, OCT imaging revealed sufficient lumen area and the intact endothelium without remaining thrombus. Fractional flow reverse (FFR) showed no functional ischemia. Dual-antiplatelet therapy without stenting was recommended for 12 months. OUTCOMES: The 6-month follow-up showed good recovery and normal cardiac function. LESSONS: First, for patients with mild coronary stenosis and typical angina symptoms, further intracoronary assessment should be performed. Second, OCT can not only help to determine the plaque characteristics but can also help to develop patient-tailored strategies for AMI patients.


Assuntos
Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose Coronária/terapia , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Placa Aterosclerótica/diagnóstico por imagem , Placa Aterosclerótica/terapia , Adulto , Estenose Coronária/complicações , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Placa Aterosclerótica/complicações
15.
Hypertension ; 74(1): 117-129, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31132954

RESUMO

Aortic pulse wave velocity is a worldwide accepted index to evaluate aortic stiffness and can be assessed noninvasively by several methods. This study sought to determine if commonly used noninvasive devices can all accurately estimate aortic pulse wave velocity. Pulse wave velocity was estimated in 102 patients (aged 65±13 years) undergoing diagnostic coronary angiography with 7 noninvasive devices and compared with invasive aortic pulse wave velocity. Devices evaluating carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (Complior Analyse, PulsePen ET, PulsePen ETT, and SphygmoCor) showed a strong agreement between each other ( r>0.83) and with invasive aortic pulse wave velocity. The mean difference ±SD with the invasive pulse wave velocity was -0.73±2.83 m/s ( r=0.64) for Complior-Analyse: 0.20±2.54 m/s ( r=0.71) for PulsePen-ETT: -0.04±2.33 m/s ( r=0.78) for PulsePen ET; and -0.61±2.57 m/s ( r=0.70) for SphygmoCor. The finger-toe pulse wave velocity, evaluated by pOpmètre, showed only a weak relationship with invasive aortic recording (mean difference ±SD =-0.44±4.44 m/s; r=0.41), and with noninvasive carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity measurements ( r<0.33). Pulse wave velocity estimated through a proprietary algorithm by BPLab (v.5.03 and v.6.02) and Mobil-O-Graph showed a weaker agreement with invasive pulse wave velocity compared with carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (mean difference ±SD =-0.71±3.55 m/s, r=0.23; 1.04±2.27 m/s, r=0.77; and -1.01±2.54 m/s, r=0.71, respectively), revealing a negative proportional bias at Bland-Altman plot. Aortic pulse wave velocity values provided by BPLab and Mobil-O-Graph were entirely dependent on age-squared and peripheral systolic blood pressure (cumulative r2=0.98 and 0.99, respectively). Thus, among the methods evaluated, only those assessing carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (Complior Analyse, PulsePen ETT, PulsePen ET, and SphygmoCor) appear to be reliable approaches for estimation of aortic stiffness.


Assuntos
Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Análise de Onda de Pulso/métodos , Rigidez Vascular/fisiologia , Idoso , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo/fisiologia , Determinação da Pressão Arterial/métodos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Coortes , Estenose Coronária/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Itália , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fluxo Pulsátil/fisiologia , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
16.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 5828931, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31119175

RESUMO

Background: Fractional flow reserve (FFR), as a functional measurement of coronary stenosis, is recommended for guiding revascularization in intermediate coronary lesions. However, it still remains underutilized for potential reasons including time consumption, costs, or contraindications associated with adenosine administration. Here we performed this meta-analysis to assess the diagnostic performance of two adenosine-free indices, instantaneous wave free-ratio (iFR), and quantitative flow ratio (QFR) in evaluating coronary stenosis severity with FFR as the reference standard. Methods: PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) were searched to include relevant studies with the diagnostic accuracy of iFR or QFR referenced to FFR. A bivariate model was applied to pool diagnostic parameters. We used Cochran's Q test and I2 index to assess heterogeneity and identify the potential source of heterogeneity by meta-regression. Results: A total of 8213 lesions from 28 studies (19 for iFR and 9 for QFR) were included in this meta-analysis. The pooled sensitivity and specificity were 0.79 (95% CI, 0.75 to 0.83) and 0.85 (95% CI, 0.82 to 0.87) for iFR and 0.90 (95% CI, 0.84 to 0.93) and 0.88 (95% CI, 0.86 to 0.90) for QFR, respectively. Significantly higher sensitivity and specificity were observed in the bivariate analysis for QFR than for iFR (P < 0.001 for both). The area under summary receiver-operating curve of iFR and QFR was 0.89 (95% CI, 0.86 to 0.92) and 0.92 (95% CI, 0.89 to 0.94). Conclusion: Evidence suggests that both of the two indices have good performance in detecting functional ischemia of coronary arteries and QFR might be a promising method without requiring the pressure wire. Further application of QFR may potentially provide important information to clinicians in the assessment of coronary lesions.


Assuntos
Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico , Vasos Coronários/fisiopatologia , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico , Adenosina , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo/fisiologia , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose Coronária/fisiopatologia , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Vasodilatadores/uso terapêutico
17.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 35(9): 1733-1743, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31073698

RESUMO

Vasodilator-stress CT perfusion imaging in addition to CT coronary angiography (CTCA) may provide a single-test alternative to nuclear stress testing, commonly used to assess hemodynamic significance of stenosis. Another alternative is fractional flow reserve (FFR) calculated from cardiac CT images. We studied the concordance between these two approaches and their relationship to outcomes. We prospectively studied 150 patients with chest pain, who underwent CTCA and regadenoson CT. CTCA images were interpreted for presence and severity of stenosis. Fused 3D displays of subendocardial X-ray attenuation with coronary arteries were created to detect stress perfusion defects (SPD) in each coronary territory. In patients with stenosis > 25%, CT-FFR was quantified. Significant stenosis was determined by: (1) combination of stenosis > 50% with an SPD, (2) CT-FFR ≤ 0.80. Patients were followed-up for 36 ± 25 months for death, myocardial infarction or revascularization. After excluding patients with normal arteries and technical/quality issues, in final analysis of 76 patients, CTCA depicted stenosis > 70% in 13/224 arteries, 50-70% in 24, and < 50% in 187. CT-FFR ≤ 0.80 was found in 41/224 arteries, and combination of SPD with > 50% stenosis in 31/224 arteries. Inter-technique agreement was 89%. Despite high incidence of abnormal CT-FFR (30/76 patients), only 7 patients experienced adverse outcomes; 6/7 also had SPDs. Only 1/9 patients with CT-FFR ≤ 0.80 but normal perfusion had an event. Fusion of CTCA and stress perfusion can help determine the hemodynamic impact of stenosis in one test, in good agreement with CT-FFR. Adding stress CT perfusion analysis may help risk-stratify patients with abnormal CT-FFR.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico , Hemodinâmica , Imagem Tridimensional/métodos , Imagem de Perfusão do Miocárdio/métodos , Interpretação de Imagem Radiográfica Assistida por Computador/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Estenose Coronária/mortalidade , Estenose Coronária/fisiopatologia , Estenose Coronária/terapia , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Imagem Multimodal , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Vasodilatadores/administração & dosagem
18.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 35(7): 1199-1210, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31053981

RESUMO

We aimed to evaluate feasibility, early healing and self-correcting properties of the Desolve 150 bioresorbable scaffold (BRS) implanted in bifurcation lesions, using the simple, provisional side branch (SB) stenting technique. BIFSORB pilot was a proof-of-concept study enrolling 10 patients with stable angina pectoris and a bifurcation lesion with SB ≥ 2.5 mm and less than 50% diameter stenosis. Procedure and 1-month outcome was evaluated by optical coherence tomography (OCT) to assess scaffold performance and healing patterns. Nine patients were treated with Desolve 150 BRS and one delivery to the target bifurcation failed. Thrombus formation in the jailed SB ostium was seen in three cases, but was completely resolved at 1-month. OCT confirmed acute self-correcting properties. No clinical events were reported after six months. Scaffold diameter by OCT increased in the proximal main vessel from 3.09 ± 0.16 mm to 3.34 ± 0.18 mm (p = 0.01) and in distal main vessel from 2.82 ± 0.26 mm to 3.02 ± 0.29 mm (p < 0.01) at one-month follow-up. SB ostial diameter stenosis improved from 42 ± 15% to 34 ± 12% (p = 0.01). Malapposition was effectively reduced after 1 month from 4.1 (1.4; 6.1)% to 0.1 (0; 0.6)% (p = 0.002). Treatment of bifurcation lesions using Desolve 150 BRS was feasible except for a delivery failure and unsettling thrombus formation behind jailing SB struts, which was completely resolved at 1-month. Self-correcting and even self-expanding properties were confirmed.


Assuntos
Implantes Absorvíveis , Angina Estável/cirurgia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Estenose Coronária/cirurgia , Vasos Coronários/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Cicatrização , Idoso , Angina Estável/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Projetos Piloto , Estudo de Prova de Conceito , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 35(4): 579-586, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30929102

RESUMO

The purpose of this observational study was to investigate the feasibility, initial safety, and efficacy of the SeQuent® Please DCB (B. Braun Melsungen, Germany) for patients with de novo coronary lesions in vessels exceeding 3.0 mm in a consecutive series of all comer percutaneous coronary intervention. A total of 120 patients (135 lesions) with de novo coronary lesions in vessels ≥ 3.0 mm treated with DCB were enrolled in this single-centre prospective observational study. The primary endpoint was target lesion failure (TLF), a composite endpoint of cardiac death, target vessel-myocardial infarction (TV-MI), and clinically driven target vessel revascularization (TLR) at 12 months. Safety endpoints included cardiac death, TV-MI, and definite target vessel thrombosis. 45.9% of the lesions were classified as complex (type B2/C). The reference vessel diameter was 3.09 ± 0.31 mm measured via quantitative coronary angiography analysis. Coronary dissections occurred in 42 patients (35.0%; Type A-B 14.1%; Type C 19.1%; Type D: 1.6%), two of which [1.6%; (type D dissection)] underwent bail-out stent implantation. 12-month follow-up was completed in 100% patients. The 12-month incidence of TLF was 3.4%. The clinically driven TLR occurred in four patients (3.4%). The incidence of TLR was low in patients without any detectable dissections, similar to those with dissections (3.8% vs. 2.5%; p = 0.146). No patient suffered cardiac death, TV-MI, or target vessel thrombosis. The study shows the feasibility, initial safety, and efficacy of coronary intervention using SeQuent® Please DCB for the treatment of patients with de novo lesion in vessels exceeding 3 mm. The study highlights that the coronary dissection (Type A-C) post DCB treatment occurs frequently but is safe at follow up.


Assuntos
Cateteres Cardíacos , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/administração & dosagem , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Estenose Coronária/cirurgia , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Idoso , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose Coronária/mortalidade , Desenho de Equipamento , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paclitaxel/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 18(1): 51, 2019 04 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31014330

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence from imaging studies suggests a high prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, there are no criteria for initiating screening for CAD in this population. The current study investigated whether clinical and demographic characteristics can be used to predict significant CAD in patients with T2DM. METHODS: Computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) and laboratory assessments were performed in 259 patients diagnosed with T2DM attending clinics in Northwest London, UK. Coronary artery calcium (CAC) was calculated during CTCA. Significant plaque was defined as one causing more than 50% luminal stenosis. Associations between groups and variables were evaluated using Student's t test, Chi-square tests and univariate and multivariate regression analysis. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: Among patients with a median duration of T2DM of 13 years and a mean age of 62.0 years, median CAC score was 105.91 Agatston Units. In a multivariate analyses, duration of diabetes, CAC score and the presence and number of coronary artery plaques and presence of significant plaque were significant predictors of cardiovascular adverse events. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) had borderline significance as a predictor of cardiovascular events (p = 0.05). In a receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis, duration of diabetes of > 10.5 years predicted significant CAD (sensitivity, 75.3%; specificity 48.2%). Area under the ROC curve was 0.67 when combining duration of T2DM > 10.5 years and SBP of > 139 mm Hg. Adverse cardiovascular events after a median follow-up of 22.8 months were also significantly higher in those with duration of T2DM > 10.5 years and SBP > 140 mm Hg (log rank p = 0.02 and 0.009, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Routine screening for CAD using CTCA should be considered for patients with a diagnosis of T2DM for > 10.5 years and SBP > 140 mm Hg. Trial registration Clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT02109835, 10 April 2014 (retrospectively registered).


Assuntos
Pressão Sanguínea , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Calcificação Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Doenças Assintomáticas , Biomarcadores/sangue , Glicemia/metabolismo , Estenose Coronária/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Londres/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Calcificação Vascular/epidemiologia
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