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1.
Br J Radiol ; 93(1105): 20190003, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31738082

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess and compare the diagnostic performance of the coronary artery to aortic luminal attenuation ratio (CAR), transluminal attenuation gradient (TAG), and corrected coronary opacification (CCO) difference on coronary CT angiography (cCTA) for detecting haemodynamically significant coronary artery stenosis. METHODS: 33 patients who underwent cCTA, gated SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI), and invasive coronary angiography within 3 months were included in this retrospective study. The degree of coronary stenosis on cCTA was visually assessed in all patients. Additionally, CAR, TAG, and CCO difference were analyzed and calculated in all patients. Haemodynamically significant coronary stenosis was defined as a vessel with ≥50% luminal stenosis on invasive coronary angiography and an associated abnormal perfusion defect on MPI in the same territory. Diagnostic performance was assessed on a per-vessel basis by the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC). RESULTS: Among 99 vessels, 12 were excluded and the remaining 87 were analyzed. 17 (19.5%) vessels were determined as haemodynamically significant coronary artery stenosis. On ROC analysis, the AUC was 0.71 for cCTA, 0.80 for CAR, 0.61 for TAG, 0.74 for CCO, 0.87 for combined CAR and cCTA, 0.77 for combined TAG and cCTA, and 0.75 for combined CCO and cCTA. The AUC for combined CAR and cCTA was significantly greater compared with cCTA alone (p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Non-invasive CAR derived from 64-detector row CT was feasible and might be helpful for the detection of haemodynamically significant coronary artery stenosis. Still, further investigations such as intra- and inter-reader correlation, evaluation of larger numbers in different settings, and time efficiency are required for applying CAR in various situations. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: CAR could be used as novel noninvasive technique to detect haemodynamically significant coronary artery stenosis.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose Coronária/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Masculino , Interpretação de Imagem Radiográfica Assistida por Computador , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único
2.
Angiology ; 71(1): 48-55, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31315429

RESUMO

We searched PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science for studies using fractional flow reserve (FFR) to determine whether revascularization should be performed or deferred for patients with coronary stenosis and grey zone FFR. Meta-analysis was performed using the generic inverse variance method, and hazard ratios (HR) were synthesized with a random-effects model. Of 2766 records, 7 nonrandomized studies including 2683 patients were selected. The pooled results demonstrated, during a median follow-up of 32 months, that revascularization significantly reduced the risk of major adverse cardiac events (MACE; 7 studies: HR [95% confidence interval, CI]: 0.65 [0.45-0.93], P = .02) and target vessel revascularization (TVR; 4 studies: HR [95% CI]: 0.52 [0.36-0.76], P < .01). Whereas revascularization was not significantly superior in terms of all-cause death (3 studies: HR [95% CI]: 0.56 [0.26-1.22], P = .14), cardiac death (2 studies: HR [95% CI]: 0.57 [0.16-2.01], P = .38), myocardial infarction (MI; 4 studies: HR [95% CI]: 1.03 [0.26-4.03]), and all-cause death or MI (3 studies: HR [95% CI]: 0.66 [0.20-2.19], P = .50). Therefore, revascularization appeared to be superior to deferral for patients with grey zone FFR in MACE and TVR, while hard end points did not show such significance. This work was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42019118432).


Assuntos
Estenose Coronária/terapia , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico , Revascularização Miocárdica , Tempo para o Tratamento , Idoso , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose Coronária/mortalidade , Estenose Coronária/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Revascularização Miocárdica/efeitos adversos , Revascularização Miocárdica/mortalidade , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Int Heart J ; 60(6): 1238-1244, 2019 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31735779

RESUMO

Recent clinical studies revealed that anatomical information assessed by coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) may be used effectively to diagnose coronary artery disease (CAD). However, a physiological assessment, demonstrating myocardial ischemia, is required to justify a therapeutic strategy for CAD. This study aimed to investigate whether using CTA to assess myocardial supply area can improve the prediction of myocardial ischemia.We analyzed 201 vessels with moderate (luminal narrowing ≥ 50%, < 70%) and severe (luminal narrowing ≥ 70%, < 99%) stenosis on CTA from 174 patients, who were suspected of having stable angina and underwent measurement of fractional flow reserve (FFR). The myocardial area supplied by the coronary artery, distal to the stenosis, was evaluated with CTA, as reported previously (modified Alberta Provincial Project for Outcome Assessment in Coronary Heart score) and was classified into 3 groups (large, medium, and small).Both percentage area stenosis and myocardial supply area were significantly correlated with FFR (r = -0.46, P < 0.01, and r = -0.45, P < 0.01). Among patients who had coronary plaques, with moderate stenosis and a small myocardial supply area, only 3 of 42 lesions (7%) were identified as ischemic; deviation from the ischemic threshold (FFR = 0.80) was P < 0.01. The combined assessment of lesion stenosis and myocardial supply area, using CTA, improved the prediction of myocardial ischemia significantly compared to lesion stenosis alone (77% versus 59%, P < 0.01).Adding the assessment of myocardial supply area to standard CTA might help predict myocardial ischemia in patients with stable angina pectoris.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose Coronária/fisiopatologia , Isquemia Miocárdica/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia Miocárdica/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Circulação Coronária/fisiologia , Estenose Coronária/complicações , Feminino , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Isquemia Miocárdica/etiologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Eur J Radiol ; 119: 108657, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31521876

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study investigated the impact of gender differences on the diagnostic performance of machine-learning based coronary CT angiography (cCTA)-derived fractional flow reserve (CT-FFRML) for the detection of lesion-specific ischemia. METHOD: Five centers enrolled 351 patients (73.5% male) with 525 vessels in the MACHINE (Machine leArning Based CT angiograpHy derIved FFR: a Multi-ceNtEr) registry. CT-FFRML and invasive FFR ≤ 0.80 were considered hemodynamically significant, whereas cCTA luminal stenosis ≥50% was considered obstructive. The diagnostic performance to assess lesion-specific ischemia in both men and women was assessed on a per-vessel basis. RESULTS: In total, 398 vessels in men and 127 vessels in women were included. Compared to invasive FFR, CT-FFRML reached a sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of 78% (95%CI 72-84), 79% (95%CI 73-84), 75% (95%CI 69-79), and 82% (95%CI: 76-86) in men vs. 75% (95%CI 58-88), 81 (95%CI 72-89), 61% (95%CI 50-72) and 89% (95%CI 82-94) in women, respectively. CT-FFRML showed no statistically significant difference in the area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve (AUC) in men vs. women (AUC: 0.83 [95%CI 0.79-0.87] vs. 0.83 [95%CI 0.75-0.89], p = 0.89). CT-FFRML was not superior to cCTA alone [AUC: 0.83 (95%CI: 0.75-0.89) vs. 0.74 (95%CI: 0.65-0.81), p = 0.12] in women, but showed a statistically significant improvement in men [0.83 (95%CI: 0.79-0.87) vs. 0.76 (95%CI: 0.71-0.80), p = 0.007]. CONCLUSIONS: Machine-learning based CT-FFR performs equally in men and women with superior diagnostic performance over cCTA alone for the detection of lesion-specific ischemia.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/normas , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia Miocárdica/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Angiografia Coronária/normas , Estenose Coronária/fisiopatologia , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Feminino , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico/fisiologia , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Isquemia Miocárdica/fisiopatologia , Fatores Sexuais , Tomografia Computadorizada Espiral/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada Espiral/normas
6.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 35(11): 2103-2112, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31273632

RESUMO

Computed tomography derived fractional flow reserve (FFRCT) and computed tomography stress myocardial perfusion imaging (CTP) are techniques to assess haemodynamic significance of coronary stenosis. To compare the diagnostic performance of FFRCT and static rest/stress CTP in detecting fractional flow reserve (FFR) defined haemodynamically-significant stenosis (FFR ≤ 0.8). Fifty-one patients (96 vessels) with suspected coronary artery disease from a single institution planned for elective invasive-angiography prospectively underwent research indicated 320-detector-CT-coronary-angiography (CTA) and adenosine-stress CTP and invasive FFR. Analyses were performed in separate core-laboratories for FFRCT and CTP blinded to FFR results. Myocardial perfusion was assessed visually and semi-quantitatively by transmural perfusion ratio (TPR). Invasive FFR ≤ 0.8 was present in 33% of vessels and 49% of patients. FFRCT, visual CTP and TPR analysis was feasible in 96%, 92% and 92% of patients respectively. Overall per-vessel sensitivity, specificity and diagnostic accuracy for FFRCT were 81%, 85%, 84%, for visual CTP were 50%, 89%, 75% and for TPR were 69%, 48%, 56% respectively. Receiver-operating-characteristics curve analysis demonstrated larger per vessel area-under-curve (AUC) for FFRCT (0.89) compared with visual CTP (0.70; p < 0.001), TPR (0.58; p < 0.001) and CTA (0.70; p = 0.0007); AUC for CTA + FFRCT (0.91) was higher than CTA + visual CTP (0.77, p = 0.008) and CTA + TPR (0.74, p < 0.001). Per-patient AUC for FFRCT (0.90) was higher than visual CTP (0.69; p = 0.0016), TPR (0.56; p < 0.0001) and CTA (0.68; p = 0.001). Based on this selected cohort of patients FFRCT is superior to visually and semi-quantitatively assessed static rest/stress CTP in detecting haemodynamically-significant coronary stenosis as determined on invasive FFR.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico , Hemodinâmica , Tomografia Computadorizada Multidetectores , Imagem de Perfusão do Miocárdio/métodos , Adenosina/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Estenose Coronária/fisiopatologia , Vasos Coronários/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Vasodilatadores/administração & dosagem
7.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 35(11): 2019-2028, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31273633

RESUMO

To determine the potential of a non-invasive acoustic device (CADScor®System) to reclassify patients with intermediate pre-test probability (PTP) and clinically suspected stable coronary artery disease (CAD) into a low probability group thereby ruling out significant CAD. Audio recordings and clinical data from three studies were collected in a single database. In all studies, patients with a coronary CT angiography indicating CAD were referred to coronary angiography. Audio recordings of heart sounds were processed to construct a CAD-score. PTP was calculated using the updated Diamond-Forrester score and patients were classified according to the current ESC guidelines for stable CAD: low < 15%, intermediate 15-85% and high > 85% PTP. Intermediate PTP patients were re-classified to low probability if the CAD-score was ≤ 20. Of 2245 patients, 212 (9.4%) had significant CAD confirmed by coronary angiography ( ≥ 50% diameter stenosis). The average CAD-score was higher in patients with significant CAD (38.4 ± 13.9) compared to the remaining patients (25.1 ± 13.8; p < 0.001). The reclassification increased the proportion of low PTP patients from 13.6% to 41.8%, reducing the proportion of intermediate PTP patients from 83.4% to 55.2%. Before reclassification 7 (3.1%) low PTP patients had CAD, whereas post-reclassification this number increased to 28 (4.0%) (p = 0.52). The net reclassification index was 0.209. Utilization of a low-cost acoustic device in patients with intermediate PTP could potentially reduce the number of patients referred for further testing, without a significant increase in the false negative rate, and thus improve the cost-effectiveness for patients with suspected stable CAD.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico , Ruídos Cardíacos , Fonocardiografia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Algoritmos , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/classificação , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/economia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Estenose Coronária/classificação , Estenose Coronária/economia , Estenose Coronária/fisiopatologia , Redução de Custos , Análise Custo-Benefício , Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Feminino , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fonocardiografia/economia , Fonocardiografia/instrumentação , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto Jovem
8.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 35(11): 1963-1969, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31243612

RESUMO

Quantitative flow ratio (QFR) is an image-based fractional flow reserve (FFR) computed by three-dimensional quantitative coronary angiography and estimated flow velocity. Several studies have reported that QFR was rapidly computed within approximately 5 min and had a good diagnostic performance as compared with FFR. However, studies comparing QFR with instantaneous wave-free ratio (iFR) as an index with a prognostic value comparable to that of FFR are limited. Thus, we investigated the applicability of QFR with respect to iFR, both being easy-to-measure indices not requiring pharmacological hyperaemic induction. We computed QFR in prospectively enrolled 150 coronary lesions (including 50 lesions for onsite QFR analysis) in consecutive patients with intermediate stenosis evaluated by iFR. The correlation and diagnostic performance of QFR were compared using iFR as a reference. The mean QFR and iFR were 0.81 ± 0.12 and 0.89 ± 0.11, respectively. QFR and iFR exhibited a good correlation in all subjects (R = 0.70, p < 0.0001) and the onsite-analysed vessels (R = 0.74, p < 0.0001). In the receiver-operating characteristics analysis, the area under the curve of QFR predicting iFR ≤ 0.89 was 0.91. Applying the cut-off value of QFR ≤ 0.80 and iFR ≤ 0.89, the sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values were 85%, 83%, 72%, and 91%, respectively, in all subjects, and 82%, 82%, 78%, and 85%, respectively, in the onsite-analysed vessels. QFR including onsite analysis demonstrated a good correlation with iFR and a diagnostic performance comparable to that of iFR in consecutive patients with intermediate coronary stenosis, suggesting its potential as a rapidly derived index for evaluating myocardial ischaemia in clinical settings.


Assuntos
Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Estenose Coronária/fisiopatologia , Vasos Coronários/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fluxo de Trabalho
9.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 35(11): 1945-1954, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31214851

RESUMO

Lesion characteristics determined by angiography after balloon angioplasty such as residual dimeter stenosis (DS) or dissection type has been used to determine the treatment method of drug-coated balloon (DCB) or metal stent for de novo coronary lesions. The aim of this study is to identify angiographic and functional mismatch using residual DS, dissection type and fractional flow reserve (FFR). Baseline and post-balloon parameters were obtained from 151 patients with 167 lesions. Angiographically significant parameters after balloon angioplasty are residual DS > 30% or dissection type C or more. Post-balloon FFR cutoff value of 0.75 was used to define functionally significant lesions. The weak correlation was found between residual DS and post-balloon FFR (r =  - 0.317, p < 0.001). There were 68.7% of mismatch population (residual DS > 30% and post-balloon FFR ≥ 0.75) and 7.1% of reverse mismatch population (residual DS ≤ 30% and post-balloon FFR < 0.75). All reverse mismatch lesions were found in left anterior descending artery. There was no correlation between dissection severity and post-balloon FFR (p = 0.654). In high post-balloon FFR group, long-term clinical outcomes showed no difference between DCB and stent groups with (p = 0.788) or without (p = 0.426) the adjustment of lesion characteristics. There were high frequencies of mismatch between angiographic lesion characteristics and FFR values after balloon angioplasty. Post-balloon FFR measurements may be safe and effective compared to angiography-guided treatment if DCB only treatment is considered.


Assuntos
Angioplastia Coronária com Balão , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Estenose Coronária/terapia , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico , Idoso , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/efeitos adversos , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/instrumentação , Cateteres Cardíacos , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose Coronária/fisiopatologia , Vasos Coronários/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
BMJ Case Rep ; 12(4)2019 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31040146

RESUMO

Coronary artery disease (CAD) due to Takayasu arteritis (TA) is rare. This article reports a case of severe involvement of multiple coronary arteries in a young woman. She was treated with coronary artery bypass grafting and had an early venous graft stenosis despite immunosuppressants. She became asymptomatic one year after a drug-eluting stent placement. This report shows the complexity of the diagnostic and therapeutic approach to TA with complex CAD.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Estenose Coronária/cirurgia , Arterite de Takayasu/diagnóstico , Angiografia Coronária , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Estenose Coronária/fisiopatologia , Stents Farmacológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Recidiva , Arterite de Takayasu/fisiopatologia , Arterite de Takayasu/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
11.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 35(9): 1563-1572, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31053979

RESUMO

The measurement of fractional flow reserve (FFR) and superficial wall stress (SWS) identifies inducible myocardial ischemia and plaque vulnerability, respectively. A simultaneous evaluation of both FFR and SWS is still lacking, while it may have a major impact on therapy. A new computational model of one-way fluid-structure interaction (FSI) was implemented and used to perform a total of 54 analyses in virtual coronary lesion models, based on plaque compositions, arterial remodeling patterns, and stenosis morphologies under physiological conditions. Due to a greater lumen dilation and more induced strain, FFR in the lipid-rich lesions (0.81 ± 0.15) was higher than that in fibrous lesions (0.79 ± 0.16, P = 0.001) and calcified lesions (0.79 ± 0.16, P = 0.001). Four types of lesions were further defined, based on the combination of cutoff values for FFR (0.80) and maximum relative SWS (30 kPa): The level of risk increased from (1) plaques with mild-to-moderate stenosis but negative remodeling for lipid-rich (Type A: non-ischemic, stable) to (2) lipid-rich plaques with mild-to-moderate stenosis and without-to-positive remodeling (Type B: non-ischemic, unstable) or plaques with severe stenosis but negative remodeling for lipid-rich (Type C: ischemic, stable) to (3) lipid-rich plaques with severe stenosis and without-to-positive remodeling (Type D: ischemic, unstable). The analysis of FSI to simultaneously evaluate inducible myocardial ischemia and plaque stability may be useful to identify coronary lesions at a high risk and to ultimately optimize treatment. Further research is warranted to assess whether a more aggressive treatment may improve the prognosis of patients with non-ischemic, intermediate, and unstable lesions.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/patologia , Vasos Coronários/fisiopatologia , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico , Hemodinâmica , Modelos Cardiovasculares , Placa Aterosclerótica , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/patologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Estenose Coronária/patologia , Estenose Coronária/fisiopatologia , Estenose Coronária/terapia , Humanos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Ruptura Espontânea , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
12.
Dtsch Arztebl Int ; 116(12): 205-211, 2019 03 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31056086

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Approximately 800 000 coronary angiography procedures are per- formed in Germany each year, mainly in order to identify coronary artery stenoses. As a rule, revascularization is indicated only when coronary artery stenoses cause relevant ischemia, but this cannot be determined unequivocally by angiography alone. Pressure wire measurement and the measurement of fractional flow reserve (FFR) enable direct evaluation of the hemodynamic relevance of coronary artery stenoses during diagnostic coronary angiography. METHODS: This review is based on publications retrieved by a selective search in PubMed focusing especially on large randomized trials, registry studies, and meta- analyses on either pressure wire measurement or FFR. RESULTS: According to a registry study from France, the hemodynamic evaluation of a stenosis during coronary angiography affected decisions about revascularization in 43% of cases. Randomized multicenter trials have shown that a combined end- point consisting of death, myocardial infarction, or revascularization arose signifi- cantly less commonly in the FFR group than in the group receiving angiography without FFR (13.2% versus 18.3%; p = 0.02), and that patients with one or more hemodynamically significant coronary artery stenoses (FFR ≤ 0.80) benefited more from revascularization than from medical management alone (event rate, 8.1% versus 19.5%; p <0.001). It was also shown that revascularization yields no benefit if relevant ischemia has been ruled out, even if the angiogram shows high-grade coronary artery stenoses. CONCLUSION: All cardiac catheter laboratories should be capable of performing pres- sure wire measurements and measurements of FFR and should do so regularly if ischemia due to coronary artery stenosis cannot be demonstrated non-invasively. A pathological FFR measurement is an indication for revascularization.


Assuntos
Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico , Estenose Coronária/fisiopatologia , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico/fisiologia , Alemanha , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Transdutores de Pressão
13.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 35(9): 1733-1743, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31073698

RESUMO

Vasodilator-stress CT perfusion imaging in addition to CT coronary angiography (CTCA) may provide a single-test alternative to nuclear stress testing, commonly used to assess hemodynamic significance of stenosis. Another alternative is fractional flow reserve (FFR) calculated from cardiac CT images. We studied the concordance between these two approaches and their relationship to outcomes. We prospectively studied 150 patients with chest pain, who underwent CTCA and regadenoson CT. CTCA images were interpreted for presence and severity of stenosis. Fused 3D displays of subendocardial X-ray attenuation with coronary arteries were created to detect stress perfusion defects (SPD) in each coronary territory. In patients with stenosis > 25%, CT-FFR was quantified. Significant stenosis was determined by: (1) combination of stenosis > 50% with an SPD, (2) CT-FFR ≤ 0.80. Patients were followed-up for 36 ± 25 months for death, myocardial infarction or revascularization. After excluding patients with normal arteries and technical/quality issues, in final analysis of 76 patients, CTCA depicted stenosis > 70% in 13/224 arteries, 50-70% in 24, and < 50% in 187. CT-FFR ≤ 0.80 was found in 41/224 arteries, and combination of SPD with > 50% stenosis in 31/224 arteries. Inter-technique agreement was 89%. Despite high incidence of abnormal CT-FFR (30/76 patients), only 7 patients experienced adverse outcomes; 6/7 also had SPDs. Only 1/9 patients with CT-FFR ≤ 0.80 but normal perfusion had an event. Fusion of CTCA and stress perfusion can help determine the hemodynamic impact of stenosis in one test, in good agreement with CT-FFR. Adding stress CT perfusion analysis may help risk-stratify patients with abnormal CT-FFR.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico , Hemodinâmica , Imagem Tridimensional/métodos , Imagem de Perfusão do Miocárdio/métodos , Interpretação de Imagem Radiográfica Assistida por Computador/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Estenose Coronária/mortalidade , Estenose Coronária/fisiopatologia , Estenose Coronária/terapia , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Imagem Multimodal , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Vasodilatadores/administração & dosagem
14.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 35(10): 1811-1821, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31093895

RESUMO

No-reflow (NR) is one of the major complications of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). We aim to assess the value of multilayer longitudinal strain parameter to predict NR in patients with NSTEMI and preserved ejection fraction. 230 consecutive patients who were admitted to the emergency department and diagnosed with NSTEMI were prospectively included in this study. Echocardiography was performed 1 h before angiography. Specific analysis for endocardial, mid-myocardial and epicardial layers were performed by two-dimensional (2D) speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) for multilayer longitudinal strain. NR was described as flow grade of ≤ TIMI 2 when mechanical occlusions like dissection, intimal tear, arterial spasm and thromboembolism during angiography were excluded. 49 of 168 patients admitted to the study had NR. No significant differences were observed between the groups regarding age and gender. Multilayer longitudinal strain imaging (endocard, midmyocard and epicard) revealed lower strain values particularly in endocardial layer in patients with NR (GLS-endocard: - 14.14 ± 1.39/- 17.41 ± 2.34, p < 0.001; GLS-midmyocard: - 14.81 ± 1.40/17.81 ± 2.22, p < 0.001; GLS-epicard: - 16.14 ± 1.38/18.22 ± 2.00, p < 0.001). GLS-endocard, GLS-midmyocard, GLS-epicard and ST depression were found to be statistically significant independents parameters respectively to predict NR phenomenon (GLS-endocard: OR: 2.193, p < 0.001; GLS-midmyocard: OR: 1.510, p: 0.016; GLS-epicard: OR: 1.372, p: 0.035; ST depression: OR: 3.694, p: 0.014). We revealed that left ventricular strain study with speckle tracking echocardiography predicts NR formation. This noninvasive method may be useful for detecting NR formation in patients with NSTEMI.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Estenose Coronária/terapia , Ecocardiografia Doppler de Pulso , Fenômeno de não Refluxo/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose Coronária/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenômeno de não Refluxo/diagnóstico por imagem , Fenômeno de não Refluxo/fisiopatologia , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/fisiopatologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 5828931, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31119175

RESUMO

Background: Fractional flow reserve (FFR), as a functional measurement of coronary stenosis, is recommended for guiding revascularization in intermediate coronary lesions. However, it still remains underutilized for potential reasons including time consumption, costs, or contraindications associated with adenosine administration. Here we performed this meta-analysis to assess the diagnostic performance of two adenosine-free indices, instantaneous wave free-ratio (iFR), and quantitative flow ratio (QFR) in evaluating coronary stenosis severity with FFR as the reference standard. Methods: PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) were searched to include relevant studies with the diagnostic accuracy of iFR or QFR referenced to FFR. A bivariate model was applied to pool diagnostic parameters. We used Cochran's Q test and I2 index to assess heterogeneity and identify the potential source of heterogeneity by meta-regression. Results: A total of 8213 lesions from 28 studies (19 for iFR and 9 for QFR) were included in this meta-analysis. The pooled sensitivity and specificity were 0.79 (95% CI, 0.75 to 0.83) and 0.85 (95% CI, 0.82 to 0.87) for iFR and 0.90 (95% CI, 0.84 to 0.93) and 0.88 (95% CI, 0.86 to 0.90) for QFR, respectively. Significantly higher sensitivity and specificity were observed in the bivariate analysis for QFR than for iFR (P < 0.001 for both). The area under summary receiver-operating curve of iFR and QFR was 0.89 (95% CI, 0.86 to 0.92) and 0.92 (95% CI, 0.89 to 0.94). Conclusion: Evidence suggests that both of the two indices have good performance in detecting functional ischemia of coronary arteries and QFR might be a promising method without requiring the pressure wire. Further application of QFR may potentially provide important information to clinicians in the assessment of coronary lesions.


Assuntos
Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico , Vasos Coronários/fisiopatologia , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico , Adenosina , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo/fisiologia , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose Coronária/fisiopatologia , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Vasodilatadores/uso terapêutico
16.
Hypertension ; 74(1): 117-129, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31132954

RESUMO

Aortic pulse wave velocity is a worldwide accepted index to evaluate aortic stiffness and can be assessed noninvasively by several methods. This study sought to determine if commonly used noninvasive devices can all accurately estimate aortic pulse wave velocity. Pulse wave velocity was estimated in 102 patients (aged 65±13 years) undergoing diagnostic coronary angiography with 7 noninvasive devices and compared with invasive aortic pulse wave velocity. Devices evaluating carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (Complior Analyse, PulsePen ET, PulsePen ETT, and SphygmoCor) showed a strong agreement between each other ( r>0.83) and with invasive aortic pulse wave velocity. The mean difference ±SD with the invasive pulse wave velocity was -0.73±2.83 m/s ( r=0.64) for Complior-Analyse: 0.20±2.54 m/s ( r=0.71) for PulsePen-ETT: -0.04±2.33 m/s ( r=0.78) for PulsePen ET; and -0.61±2.57 m/s ( r=0.70) for SphygmoCor. The finger-toe pulse wave velocity, evaluated by pOpmètre, showed only a weak relationship with invasive aortic recording (mean difference ±SD =-0.44±4.44 m/s; r=0.41), and with noninvasive carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity measurements ( r<0.33). Pulse wave velocity estimated through a proprietary algorithm by BPLab (v.5.03 and v.6.02) and Mobil-O-Graph showed a weaker agreement with invasive pulse wave velocity compared with carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (mean difference ±SD =-0.71±3.55 m/s, r=0.23; 1.04±2.27 m/s, r=0.77; and -1.01±2.54 m/s, r=0.71, respectively), revealing a negative proportional bias at Bland-Altman plot. Aortic pulse wave velocity values provided by BPLab and Mobil-O-Graph were entirely dependent on age-squared and peripheral systolic blood pressure (cumulative r2=0.98 and 0.99, respectively). Thus, among the methods evaluated, only those assessing carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (Complior Analyse, PulsePen ETT, PulsePen ET, and SphygmoCor) appear to be reliable approaches for estimation of aortic stiffness.


Assuntos
Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Análise de Onda de Pulso/métodos , Rigidez Vascular/fisiologia , Idoso , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo/fisiologia , Determinação da Pressão Arterial/métodos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Coortes , Estenose Coronária/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Itália , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fluxo Pulsátil/fisiologia , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
17.
Indian Heart J ; 71(1): 74-79, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31000187

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Fractional flow reserve (FFR) using adenosine has been the gold standard in the functional assessment of intermediate coronary stenoses in the catheterization laboratory. We aim to study the correlation of adenosine-free indices such as whole cycle Pd/Pa [the ratio of mean distal coronary pressure (Pd) to the mean pressure observed in the aorta (Pa)], instantaneous wave-free ratio (iFR), and contrast-induced submaximal hyperemia (cFFR) with FFR. METHODS: This multicenter, prospective, observational study included patients with stable angina or acute coronary syndrome (>48 h since onset) with discrete intermediate coronary lesions (40-70% diameter stenosis). All patients underwent assessment of whole cycle Pd/Pa, iFR, cFFR, and FFR. We then evaluated the correlation of these indices with FFR and assessed the diagnostic efficiencies of them against FFR ≤0.80. RESULTS: Of the 103 patients from three different centers, 83 lesions were included for analysis. The correlation coefficient (r value) of whole cycle Pd/Pa, iFR, and cFFR in relation to FFR were +0.84, +0.77, and +0.70 (all p values < 0.001), respectively, and the c-statistic against FFR ≤0.80 were 0.92 (0.86-0.98), 0.89(0.81-0.97), and 0.91 (0.85-0.97) (all p values < 0.001), respectively. The best cut-off values identified by receiver-operator characteristic curve for whole cycle Pd/Pa, iFR, and cFFR were 0.94, 0.90, and 0.88, respectively, for an FFR ≤0.80. By the concept of "adenosine-free zone" (iFR = 0.86-0.93), 59% lesions in this study would not require adenosine. CONCLUSION: All the three adenosine-free indices had good correlation with FFR. There is no difference in the diagnostic accuracies among the indices in functional evaluation of discrete intermediate coronary stenoses. However, further validation is needed before adoption of adenosine-free pressure parameters into clinical practice.


Assuntos
Adenosina/administração & dosagem , Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Estenose Coronária/fisiopatologia , Vasos Coronários/fisiopatologia , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico/fisiologia , Hiperemia/induzido quimicamente , Angiografia Coronária , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperemia/fisiopatologia , Injeções Intravenosas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Vasodilatadores/administração & dosagem
18.
PLoS One ; 14(4): e0216073, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31022242

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many acute cardiovascular events such as myocardial infarction (MI) follow circadian rhythms. Myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries (MINOCA) is a newly noticed entity with limited data on onset pattern and its impact on prognosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this observational study of Swedish MINOCA patients registered in the SWEDEHEART registry between 2003-2013 and followed until December 2013 we identified 9,092 unique patients with MINOCA out of 199,163 MI admissions in total. Incidence rate ratios (IRR) were calculated for whole hours, parts of the day, weekdays, months, seasons and major holidays. RESULTS: The mean age was 65.5 years, 62.0% were women and 16.6% presented with STEMI. The risk for MINOCA proved to be most common in the morning (IRR = 1.70, 95% CI [1.63-1.84]) with a peak at 08.00 AM (IRR = 2.25, 95% CI [1.96-2.59]) and on Mondays (IRR = 1.28, 95% CI [1.18-1.38]). No altered risk was detected during the different seasons, the Christmas and New Year holidays or the Swedish Midsummer festivities. There was no association between time of onset of MINOCA and short- or long-term prognosis. CONCLUSION: The onset of MINOCA shows a circadian and circaseptan variation with increased risk at early mornings and Mondays, similar to previous studies on all MI, suggesting stress related triggering. However, during holidays were traditional MI increase, we did not see any increase for MINOCA. No association was detected between time of onset and prognosis, indicating that the underlying pathological mechanisms of MINOCA and the quality of care are similar at different times of onset but triggering mechanism may be more active early mornings and Mondays.


Assuntos
Ritmo Circadiano/fisiologia , Estenose Coronária/fisiopatologia , Vasos Coronários/fisiopatologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estações do Ano
19.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 34(2): 165-172, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30916126

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Quantitative flow ratio (QFR) is a novel method enabling efficient computation of FFR from three-dimensional quantitative coronary angiography (3D QCA) and thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) frame counting. We decided to perform a systematic review and quantitative meta-analysis of the literature to determine the correlation between the diagnosis of functionally significant stenosis obtained by QFR versus FFR and to determine the diagnostic accuracy of QFR for intermediate coronary artery stenosis. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science for studies concerning the diagnostic performance of QFR. Our meta-analysis was performed using the DerSimonian and Laird random effects model to determine sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio (LR+), negative likelihood ratio (LR-), and diagnostic odds ratio (DOR). The sROC was used to determine diagnostic test accuracy. RESULTS: Nine studies consisting of 1175 vessels in 1047 patients were included in our study. The pooled sensitivity, specificity, LR+, LR-, and DOR for QFR were 0.89 (95% CI: 0.86-0.92), 0.88 (95% CI: 0.86-0.91), 6.86 (95% CI,: 5.22-9.02), 0.14 (95% CI: 0.10-0.21), and 53.05 (95% CI: 29.75-94.58), respectively. The area under the summary receiver operating characteristic (sROC) curve for QFR was 0.94. CONCLUSION: QFR is a simple, useful, and noninvasive modality for diagnosis of functional significance of intermediate coronary artery stenosis.


Assuntos
Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose Coronária/fisiopatologia , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico/fisiologia , Humanos , Imagem Tridimensional/métodos , Análise de Regressão , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
20.
Angiology ; 70(7): 613-620, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30813747

RESUMO

Endothelial dysfunction is common in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and is associated with atherosclerotic disease. This study aimed to determine prognostic factors for endothelial dysfunction and identify relationships between reactive hyperemia index (RHI) score, clinically relevant coronary artery disease (>50% stenosis), and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) in patients with T2DM. Endothelial function was assessed using peripheral arterial tonometry and correlated with patient characteristics and cardiovascular outcomes during a median follow-up of 22.8 months. Among 235 patients with a median duration of T2DM of 13 years, mean (standard deviation) RHI score was 2.00 (0.76). Serum low- and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels positively (P = .004) and negatively (P = .02) predicted RHI score, respectively. Median coronary artery calcium (CAC) score was 109 Agatston units, but no correlation between CAC and RHI scores was observed. The RHI score did not predict the number or severity of coronary plaques identified using computed tomography coronary angiography. Additionally, there was no association between RHI score and the risk of an MACE during follow-up. Overall, endothelial function was not predictive of CAC score, extent, and severity of coronary plaque or MACEs and did not demonstrate utility in cardiovascular risk stratifying patients with T2DM.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Angiopatias Diabéticas/diagnóstico , Endotélio Vascular/fisiopatologia , Dedos/irrigação sanguínea , Manometria/métodos , Idoso , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/etiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Estenose Coronária/etiologia , Estenose Coronária/fisiopatologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/fisiopatologia , Angiopatias Diabéticas/etiologia , Angiopatias Diabéticas/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Placa Aterosclerótica , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
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