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1.
Mymensingh Med J ; 30(2): 281-291, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33830104

RESUMO

Rheumatic heart disease causes a substantial number of morbidity and mortality in South Asia. With the increasing urbanization & antibiotic availability, it is now in declining trends. The prevalence of Rheumatic Fever and Chronic Rheumatic Heart Disease in Bangladesh is 0.6 and 0.3 per thousand populations, respectively. Mitral valve is mostly involved in the rheumatic process, particularly in the form of mitral stenosis. Treatment options of mitral stenosis depend upon the severity of the disease. Echocardiography has a key role in determining the pattern, extent and severity of the involvement of the mitral valve apparatus. 2D and Doppler echocardiography are conventionally used. 3D echocardiography is more available nowadays. The heart being a complex three-dimensional structure, a 3D evaluation would definitely offer better visualization for accurate assessment of the severity of rheumatic mitral stenosis. There are many echocardiography based scoring systems are available for the assessment of the severity of rheumatic MS. Those are mostly 2DE based; among them, Wilkins is widely practiced. Real-time 3DE based score for mitral stenosis is developed recently. This cross-sectional observational study was done in the University Cardiac Centre, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh from May 2012 to October 2012. Considering all ethical issues, data were collected from 50 subjects who underwent transthoracic 2D and 3D Echocardiography for the assessment of the extent and severity of mitral stenosis. Precise measurement of the mitral valvular area is of a pivotal role in the assessment of severity, which is found almost similar by both 2DE (0.98±0.24cm²) and 3DE (0.92±0.23cm²). But in identifying calcification and its extent specifically commissural involvement is better detected by 3DE (p=0.002). Detail assessment of subvalvular involvement particularly chordal adhesion can better be done by 3DE (p<0.001). All of these have important contributions in formulating the most favorable therapeutic roadmap in chronic rheumatic MS. To make an efficient management plan and also for the confident prediction of complications, three-dimensional echocardiography has promising prospects and should be considered as an important adjuvant to the conventional two-dimensional echocardiography.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia Tridimensional , Estenose da Valva Mitral , Cardiopatia Reumática , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Ecocardiografia , Humanos , Estenose da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatia Reumática/diagnóstico , Cardiopatia Reumática/diagnóstico por imagem
2.
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 161(3): 937-946, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33431213

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The durability of mitral valve repair (MVr) is usually defined by the absence of recurrent significant mitral regurgitation. Postrepair mitral stenosis (MS) is a less frequent and less studied mode of failure of MVr. We analyzed our experience in patients who underwent reoperation for postrepair MS to characterize mechanisms resulting in MS and to summarize reoperative surgical strategies and mid-term outcomes. METHODS: Using a prospective database, we retrospectively analyzed data on 35 consecutive patients who underwent reoperation for symptomatic moderate to severe MS between January 1, 2011, and February 1, 2020. RESULTS: The mean patient age was 61.4 ± 11.4 years, and 69% were female. The median annuloplasty ring size used at the initial repair was 28 mm (interquartile range, 26-30 mm). Additional repair techniques at the initial operation included leaflet resection in 12 patients (34%) and commissuroplasty or edge-to-edge repair in 6 patients (18%). At reoperation, the most common mechanism of MS was pannus ingrowth in 20 patients (57%), leaflet calcification in 12 (34%), commissural fusion in 5 (14%), and tunnel effect (functional MS) in 3 (9%). Twenty-two patients (63%) underwent valve replacement, and 13 (37%) underwent valve re-repair. In patients who underwent re-repair, annuloplasty revision was performed in all patients, with 6 patients (46%) converted from complete ring to band, 4 (11%) converted from ring to pericardial annuloplasty, 2 (6%) converted to no annuloplasty, and 1 (8%) with annuloplasty ring upsizing. There were no in-hospital or 1-year mortalities. Survival at the 5-year follow-up was 93.9%. CONCLUSIONS: MS causing late failure of MVr is frequently associated with smaller ring sizes and inflammatory or calcific changes in the valve. Highly selected patients may be good candidates for mitral valve re-repair.


Assuntos
Calcinose/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/efeitos adversos , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Reoperação , Idoso , Calcinose/diagnóstico por imagem , Calcinose/etiologia , Calcinose/fisiopatologia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Fibrose , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/instrumentação , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Mitral/etiologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Falha de Prótese , Reoperação/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Mymensingh Med J ; 30(1): 13-20, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33397845

RESUMO

Rheumatic heart disease causes a substantial number of morbidity and mortality in Southeast Asia. In Bangladesh prevalence of Rheumatic Fever and Rheumatic heart disease is still high, 0.6 and 0.3 per thousand populations, respectively. Mitral valve mostly involved in the form of mitral stenosis in the rheumatic process. Treatment selections and its success largely depend upon the severity of disease especially the extent and distribution of calcification. Echocardiography has got the key role in determining the pattern, extent and severity of mitral stenosis. Two dimensional and Doppler echocardiography are conventionally used. With the increasing availability of 3D echocardiography, better cardiac imaging is possible now. The heart being a complex three-dimensional structure, the 3D evaluation would definitely offer better imaging for accurate assessment of the severity of mitral stenosis, especially details of commissural involvements. Many scoring systems are available for the assessment of the severity of rheumatic Mintral Stenosis (MS), mostly 2DE based; among them, Wilkins is mostly practiced. This cross-sectional observational study was conducted in University Cardiac Centre, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh from May 2012 to October 2012. Data were collected from 50 subjects who underwent transthoracic 2D and 3D Echocardiography for the assessment of rheumatic mitral stenosis especially detection of calcification also it's severity, extent, and distribution, furthermore the presence of commissural calcification. Precise measurement of Mitral valvular area is essential in the assessment of severity, which is found similar by both 2DE (0.98±0.24cm²) and 3DE (0.92±0.23cm²). But in identifying calcification and its extent especially commissural involvement is better detected by 3DE (p=0.002). This has paramount importance in therapeutic decision making of chronic rheumatic MS. To make a well-organized management plan and also for the confident prediction of complications, three-dimensional echocardiography has promising prospects in detecting commissural calcification and should be considered as an essential adjuvant to the conventional two-dimensional echocardiography.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia Tridimensional , Estenose da Valva Mitral , Cardiopatia Reumática , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Estenose da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Mitral/etiologia , Cardiopatia Reumática/complicações , Cardiopatia Reumática/diagnóstico por imagem
5.
Cardiovasc Pathol ; 50: 107297, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045360

RESUMO

Mucopolysaccharidosis type VII (MPS VII) is a rare autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder. MPS VII is caused by mutations in the GUSB gene that encodes ß-glucuronidase. Adult MPS VII patients present with musculoskeletal abnormalities, coarse features, and corneal clouding. Cardiac and valvular impairment are common; however, severe valvular disease necessitating surgery has not yet been reported. We present a 32-year-old male MPS VII patient admitted to our hospital with decompensated heart failure. We identified aortic valve disease with severe stenosis (valve area 0.69 cm2) and moderate regurgitation. Severe mitral valve stenosis (valve area 1 cm2) with moderate to severe regurgitation was also found in the patient. In addition, an occlusion of the right coronary artery (RCA) was documented. The patient underwent surgical replacement of the mitral and aortic valves with mechanical prostheses and implantation of a venous bypass graft to his RCA. The surgery led to a significant improvement of his clinical symptoms. Six months after the procedure, both mechanical valves function normally. Histopathological assessment identified chronic inflammatory infiltrates, fibrosis and calcifications in both resected valves. Foamy cytoplasmic transformation was most evident in the valvular interstitial cells. The ultrastructural vacuolar abnormality seen in these cells corresponded to storage changes observed in other MPSs. In conclusion, we describe clinical findings and valvular pathology in an MPS VII patient with the first-reported successful combined surgical valve replacement and myocardial revascularization. The histological and ultrastructural analyses revealed that the lysosomal storage predominantly affected the valvular interstitial cells.


Assuntos
Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Oclusão Coronária/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Mucopolissacaridose VII/complicações , Adulto , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/etiologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/etiologia , Oclusão Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Oclusão Coronária/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/etiologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Mitral/etiologia , Mucopolissacaridose VII/diagnóstico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Am J Cardiol ; 143: 118-124, 2021 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33352211

RESUMO

Mitral annular calcification (MAC) is a common echocardiographic finding and an increasingly recognized cause of degenerative mitral stenosis (DMS). However, little is known about the clinical characteristics and disease progression in DMS, particularly in comparison with rheumatic mitral stenosis (RMS). We retrospectively reviewed 203 consecutive patients with mitral stenosis (113 with DMS and 90 with RMS) who underwent echocardiography at our institution between January 2014 and December 2017. We compared the clinical characteristics and disease progression between the 2 groups. In addition, we analyzed the predictors of disease progression (defined as annual progression rate of a mean gradient >0 mm Hg/year) among patients with DMS. Patients with DMS were significantly older and had higher prevalence of atherosclerotic comorbidities than those with RMS. During the median follow-up period of 2.2 years, the annual progression rates were comparable (0.8 ± 0.8 mm Hg/year in DMS vs 1.0 ± 1.2 mm Hg/year in RMS; p = 0.32) and were highly variable (0.0 to 3.5 mm Hg/year in DMS and 0.0 to 5.5 mm Hg/year in RMS) within both groups among disease progression. In DMS patients, atherosclerotic comorbidities and lower initial mean gradient were significantly associated with disease progression even after adjustment by age and sex. There was no significant difference in the disease progression according to the circumferential MAC severity determined by echocardiography among DMS. In conclusion, DMS disease progression was slow but highly variable, similar to that of RMS. In patients with DMS, the baseline MAC severity did not correlate with disease progression, suggesting the importance of follow-up echocardiography regardless of the MAC severity.


Assuntos
Calcinose/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatia Reumática/diagnóstico por imagem , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/epidemiologia , Calcinose/epidemiologia , Calcinose/fisiopatologia , Comorbidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Progressão da Doença , Ecocardiografia , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estenose da Valva Mitral/epidemiologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Prevalência , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cardiopatia Reumática/epidemiologia , Cardiopatia Reumática/fisiopatologia
7.
BMJ Case Rep ; 13(12)2020 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33372025

RESUMO

Cardiac disease after mediastinal radiotherapy can result in progressive valvular thickening and dystrophic calcification with ensuing leaflet restriction and dysfunction. This can ultimately manifest as valvular stenosis and/or regurgitation. We report a case of a 61-year-old woman with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis and severe mitral stenosis due to severe dystrophic calcification postmediastinal radiotherapy for lymphoma. She was deemed surgically inoperable due to dense, continuous calcification throughout the leaflets and annuli of both valves, aortomitral continuity, proximal coronary arteries and proximal porcelain aorta. She underwent simultaneous transcatheter aortic valve replacement and transcatheter mitral valve replacement with an excellent technical and clinical result at 7-month follow-up. We also describe the central role of multimodality three-dimensional transoesophageal echocardiography and multidetector cardiac CT imaging in assessing the severity of valve disease, characterising the nature of cardiac calcification and guiding decisions on surgical operability and transcatheter intervention.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Calcinose/complicações , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/complicações , Estenose da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Radioterapia/efeitos adversos , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/etiologia , Calcinose/etiologia , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Feminino , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/etiologia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Doença de Hodgkin/radioterapia , Humanos , Neoplasias do Mediastino/radioterapia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/etiologia , Tomografia Computadorizada Multidetectores , Imagem Multimodal , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter
9.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 39(2): 159-164, ago. 2020. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138529

RESUMO

Abstract A 68-year-old man previously subjected to radiotherapy had a prior aortic valve replacement due de radiation induced calcification of the aortic valve. Presently the patient developed severe calcification of the mitral valve ring leading to critical mitral valve stenosis. A supra annular implantation of an On X Conform valve was successfully achieved. The clinical course was uneventful, and the echocardiographic evaluation demonstrated a normal function of the valve. Different alternatives for the surgical management of this complication are discussed.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Idoso , Calcinose/complicações , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Estenose da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/complicações , Calcinose/cirurgia , Calcinose/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia , Fluoroscopia , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral , Estenose da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem
10.
Am J Cardiol ; 129: 95-101, 2020 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32624190

RESUMO

The high prevalence of pulmonary hypertension (PH) in elderly patients is well known. However, much remains unknown about those population. We sought to find the clinical characteristics of echocardiographic PH and the prognostic factors in patients ≥90 years of age. We retrospectively reviewed 310 patients ≥90 years of age (median age 92 years, 64% women) diagnosed as echocardiographic PH (peak systolic pulmonary arterial pressure ≥40 mm Hg) with normal left ventricular systolic function. We defined left heart disease (LHD) as significant left-sided valve diseases, left ventricular hypertrophy and left ventricular diastolic dysfunction by using echocardiography. The endpoint was all-cause death at 2,000 days after diagnosis. LHD was found in 92% of patients. During the median follow-up of 367 days (interquartile range, 39-1,028 days), 151 all-cause deaths (49%) occurred. Multivariable Cox regression analysis demonstrated that right ventricular fraction area change <35% (adjusted hazard ratio [HR]: 2.31; p <0.001), pericardial effusion (adjusted HR: 2.28; p <0.001), serum albumin <3.5 g/dL (adjusted HR: 1.76; p = 0.001), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (adjusted HR: 1.93; p = 0.001) and New York Heart Association (NYHA) class ≥II (adjusted HR: 1.73; p = 0.004) were associated with mortality after adjusted for age. In conclusion, LHD was significantly associated with echocardiographic PH in most patients ≥90 years of age. Also, the co-morbid factors at diagnosis (right ventricular systolic dysfunction, pericardial effusion, hypoalbuminemia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and NYHA class ≥II) were independently associated with mortality.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/epidemiologia , Mortalidade , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/epidemiologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/epidemiologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Diástole , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipoalbuminemia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/epidemiologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Mitral/epidemiologia , Análise Multivariada , Derrame Pericárdico/diagnóstico por imagem , Derrame Pericárdico/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia , Albumina Sérica , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/epidemiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/epidemiologia
11.
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson ; 22(1): 55, 2020 07 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32727590

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A comprehensive non-invasive evaluation of bioprosthetic mitral valve (BMV) function can be challenging. We describe a novel method to assess BMV effective orifice area (EOA) based on phase contrast (PC) cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) data. We compare the performance of this new method to Doppler and in vitro reference standards. METHODS: Four sizes of normal BMVs (27, 29, 31, 33 mm) and 4 stenotic BMVs (27 mm and 29 mm, with mild or severe leaflet obstruction) were evaluated using a CMR- compatible flow loop. BMVs were evaluated with PC-CMR and Doppler methods under flow conditions of; 70 mL, 90 mL and 110 mL/beat (n = 24). PC-EOA was calculated as PC-CMR flow volume divided by the PC- time velocity integral (TVI). RESULTS: PC-CMR measurements of the diastolic peak velocity and TVI correlated strongly with Doppler values (r = 0.99, P < 0.001 and r = 0.99, P < 0.001, respectively). Across all conditions tested, the Doppler and PC-CMR measurement of EOA (1.4 ± 0.5 vs 1.5 ± 0.7 cm2, respectively) correlated highly (r = 0.99, P < 0.001), with a minimum bias of 0.13 cm2, and narrow limits of agreement (- 0.2 to 0.5 cm2). CONCLUSION: We describe a novel method to assess BMV function based on PC measures of transvalvular flow volume and velocity integration. PC-CMR methods can be used to accurately measure EOA for both normal and stenotic BMV's and may provide an important new parameter of BMV function when Doppler methods are unobtainable or unreliable.


Assuntos
Bioprótese , Ecocardiografia Doppler em Cores , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Hemodinâmica , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Estenose da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo , Estudos de Viabilidade , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Desenho de Prótese , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
12.
Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann ; 28(7): 377-380, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32600053

RESUMO

We have defined a standard surgical procedure for rheumatic mitral valve repair (the Score procedure) including four steps: shaving, checking, commissurotomy, and relaxing. Here, we summarize the clinical pathological classification for making a decision on repair or replacement. Given the large number of patients in China, we consider it the responsibility of Chinese cardiac surgeons to adopt a therapeutic schedule for rheumatic mitral valve disease, which includes a simple operation with reliable effects and easy to promote. This schedule would ensure that millions of patients get the best treatment to extend survival and improve their quality of life.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Cardiopatia Reumática/cirurgia , China , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/efeitos adversos , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/instrumentação , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Cardiopatia Reumática/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatia Reumática/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann ; 28(7): 404-412, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32515208

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Contemporary nationwide data from mainland China on trends in mitral valve surgery are scarce. The purpose of the present study was to review a single-center experience with mitral valve surgery over a 10-year period in East China. METHODS: Between July 2009 and June 2019, 3238 consecutive patients who underwent mitral valve surgery in our center were retrospectively reviewed. The patients were evenly divided into three periods: July 2009 to October 2012 (period I), November 2012 to February 2016 (period II), March 2016 to June 2019 (period III). RESULTS: The 3238 patients included 536 (16.6%) who had mitral valve repair and 2702 (83.4%) who had mitral valve replacement. Early mortalities for mitral valve repair and mitral valve replacement were 0.2% and 0.9%, respectively. There were trends towards a higher proportion of degenerative valve lesions (24.6%, 35.8%, 54.7% in periods I, II, and III, respectively) and a lower proportion of rheumatic valve lesions (71.0%, 62.6%, 38.0%) in more recent years. The proportions of minimally invasive surgery (0.7%, 2.1%, 30.2%), mitral valve repair (8.3%, 15.4%, 27.5%), use of a bioprosthesis (10.1%, 17.0%, 23.1%), and concomitant tricuspid valve procedures (13.2%, 28.5%, 46.0%) increased dramatically, while early mortality remained constant during the 10-year period (1.0%, 0.3%, 0.9%). CONCLUSIONS: In the past 10 years, the spectrum of mitral valve disease experienced a trend towards more degenerative valve lesions and less rheumatic valve lesions in East China. Mitral valve repair, bioprostheses, tricuspid valve repair, and minimally invasive surgery have been more often applied in recent years.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/tendências , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/tendências , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Padrões de Prática Médica/tendências , Cardiopatia Reumática/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Bioprótese/tendências , China , Feminino , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas/tendências , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/mortalidade , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/efeitos adversos , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/instrumentação , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/mortalidade , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/mortalidade , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Mitral/mortalidade , Estenose da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cardiopatia Reumática/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatia Reumática/mortalidade , Cardiopatia Reumática/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia
14.
Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann ; 28(7): 366-370, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32436717

RESUMO

Rheumatic mitral valve disease remains a challenge for cardiac surgeons. Valve repair has several advantages over valve replacement but is technically demanding for good results. To improve rheumatic mitral valve repair, surgeons need to have a deep understand of the mitral valve complex and its dynamics. The goal of repair is to restore normal diastolic and systolic function. The current approach is to perform a holistic repair of the entire mitral complex. Each part of the complex is thoroughly explored to define the problem. Several innovative techniques have been introduced to correct valve dysfunction and provide gratifying results. The details of these techniques will be described, based on an understanding of the relationship of the mitral valve complex and dynamics. With this approach, rheumatic mitral valve repair is becoming more successful, reproducible, and safe. Long-term follow-up is mandatory.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Cardiopatia Reumática/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/efeitos adversos , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/instrumentação , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Cardiopatia Reumática/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatia Reumática/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia
15.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 36(10): 1845-1853, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32458290

RESUMO

Mitral annular calcification (MAC) is increasingly encountered, particularly among the elderly and those with chronic kidney disease, and is often associated with a transvalvular gradient. In contrast to rheumatic mitral stenosis relatively little is known about mitral stenosis due to MAC. We aimed to clarify whether exercise limitation in this group is primarily due to valvular obstruction or ventricular dysfunction resulting from multiple comorbidities. 20 patients with severe MAC (bulky calcium deposits which restricted leaflet motion) were submitted to supine bicycle exercise, measuring Doppler and echocardiographic parameters at baseline and during exercise. They were compared 1:1 to subjects matched for age, sex, and left ventricular wall thickness. At baseline MAC subjects had higher mean mitral valve gradients (MVG) than comparison subjects (7.5 ± 3.8 vs 1.6 ± 0.8 mm Hg, p < 0.0001), along with larger indexed left atrial volumes (54.4 ± 14.9 vs 34.0 ± 11.7 mL, p < 0.0001) and reduced left atrial strains (reservoir, conduit, and booster pump). With exercise MAC subjects reached higher levels of MVG (17.3 ± 8.4 vs 5.5 ± 2.5 mm Hg, p < 0.0001), and pulmonary artery systolic pressure (estimated from tricuspid regurgitant jet [TR] velocity) and displayed a moderate correlation between ΔMVG and ΔTR velocity (r2 = 0.57). MAC subjects whose exercise MVG was ≥ 15 mm Hg all had a peak pulmonary artery systolic pressure > 60 mm Hg. MAC subjects also had relative chronotropic incompetence. Patients with severe MAC and a transvalvular gradient experience large increases in MVG and pulmonary pressure with exercise, similar to what has been described in rheumatic mitral stenosis. MAC may be an under-recognized cause of dyspnea and exercise intolerance in older patients.


Assuntos
Calcinose/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Ecocardiografia sob Estresse , Teste de Esforço , Tolerância ao Exercício , Hemodinâmica , Estenose da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Ciclismo , Calcinose/complicações , Calcinose/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Dispneia/etiologia , Dispneia/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/complicações , Estenose da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Tempo
16.
Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann ; 28(7): 360-365, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32469675

RESUMO

A sound knowledge of the functional anatomy of the mitral valve and the alterations caused by different diseases is indispensable for surgeons treating patients with mitral valve disease. Rheumatic mitral valve disease remains the most common heart valvular disorder in developing countries, whereas mitral regurgitation due myxomatous degeneration of the valve is the most common in developed countries. The mitral valve should be repaired whenever possible, as long as the outcome is predictably better than that of replacement. The intraoperative decision to repair or replace is not always simple and depends on the experience of the surgeon and the pathological changes that caused mitral valve dysfunction.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Cardiopatia Reumática/cirurgia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/efeitos adversos , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/instrumentação , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Cardiopatia Reumática/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatia Reumática/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia
17.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 36(8): 1543-1550, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32328870

RESUMO

In patients with rheumatic mitral stenosis (MS), some previous studies have investigated the influence of balloon mitral valvuloplasty (BMV) on left ventricular (LV) systolic function. However, the impact of BMV on LV twisting motion in this clinical setting has not been studied before yet. To describe changes in LV torsion in patients with rheumatic MS following BMV. Thirty patients (median age 33 years, 22 women) with isolated severe MS were studied. CMR myocardial tissue tagging was used for assessment of LV rotational deformation. LV torsion was calculated as the twist value (the net difference between apical counterclockwise and basal clockwise rotation) normalized to the length of the ventricle and multiplied by the mean radius at the base and apex. All patients had CMR studies before, 6 months and 1 year after successful BMV. At baseline, patients had a mitral valve area of 0.9 (0.6-1.3) cm2, mean pressure gradient of 12.5 (8-24) mmHg across the valve as measured by transthoracic echocardiography. Median LV ejection fraction (LVEF) estimated by CMR was 57 (range: 45-69) %. A significant improvement in LV base-apex torsion was shown at 6 months (3.3° vs. 2.5°, p < 0.001) with a further improvement at 1 year (4.1° vs. 3.3°, p = 0.05). Similar pattern of change was seen in LV base-mid torsion with a significant increase at 6 months (3.6° vs. 2.3°, p < 0.001) and a further increase at 1 year (4.7° vs. 3.6°, p = 0.007). These changes were associated with a significant increase in LVEF (62% vs. 57%, p < 0.001) at 1 year following BMV. Successful BMV is associated with a significant improvement in LV torsion that is accompanied by a significant improvement in LVEF.


Assuntos
Valvuloplastia com Balão , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Estenose da Valva Mitral/terapia , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatia Reumática/terapia , Volume Sistólico , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Adulto , Técnicas de Imagem de Sincronização Cardíaca , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Cardiopatia Reumática/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatia Reumática/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Tempo , Torção Mecânica , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
20.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 20(1): 157, 2020 04 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32248819

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We studied the course of plasma concentrations of 4 cardiovascular biomarkers: natriuretic peptides (BNP, NT-proBNP; mid-regional (MR) pro-atrial NP); and soluble endothelial CD146 (sCD146), in patients with severe mitral valve stenosis undergoing percutaneous mitral commissurotomy (PMC) to identify potential markers of procedural success. METHODS: Biomarkers were tested in 40 patients the day before and the day after PMC. Success was defined as mitral valve area ≥ 1.5 cm2; or an increase of ≥0.5 cm2 in mitral valve area associated with echocardiographic mitral regurgitation

Assuntos
Fator Natriurético Atrial/sangue , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Estenose da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Antígeno CD146/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estenose da Valva Mitral/sangue , Estenose da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Paris , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
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