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1.
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 161(3): 937-946, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33431213

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The durability of mitral valve repair (MVr) is usually defined by the absence of recurrent significant mitral regurgitation. Postrepair mitral stenosis (MS) is a less frequent and less studied mode of failure of MVr. We analyzed our experience in patients who underwent reoperation for postrepair MS to characterize mechanisms resulting in MS and to summarize reoperative surgical strategies and mid-term outcomes. METHODS: Using a prospective database, we retrospectively analyzed data on 35 consecutive patients who underwent reoperation for symptomatic moderate to severe MS between January 1, 2011, and February 1, 2020. RESULTS: The mean patient age was 61.4 ± 11.4 years, and 69% were female. The median annuloplasty ring size used at the initial repair was 28 mm (interquartile range, 26-30 mm). Additional repair techniques at the initial operation included leaflet resection in 12 patients (34%) and commissuroplasty or edge-to-edge repair in 6 patients (18%). At reoperation, the most common mechanism of MS was pannus ingrowth in 20 patients (57%), leaflet calcification in 12 (34%), commissural fusion in 5 (14%), and tunnel effect (functional MS) in 3 (9%). Twenty-two patients (63%) underwent valve replacement, and 13 (37%) underwent valve re-repair. In patients who underwent re-repair, annuloplasty revision was performed in all patients, with 6 patients (46%) converted from complete ring to band, 4 (11%) converted from ring to pericardial annuloplasty, 2 (6%) converted to no annuloplasty, and 1 (8%) with annuloplasty ring upsizing. There were no in-hospital or 1-year mortalities. Survival at the 5-year follow-up was 93.9%. CONCLUSIONS: MS causing late failure of MVr is frequently associated with smaller ring sizes and inflammatory or calcific changes in the valve. Highly selected patients may be good candidates for mitral valve re-repair.


Assuntos
Calcinose/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/efeitos adversos , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Reoperação , Idoso , Calcinose/diagnóstico por imagem , Calcinose/etiologia , Calcinose/fisiopatologia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Fibrose , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/instrumentação , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Mitral/etiologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Falha de Prótese , Reoperação/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Am J Cardiol ; 143: 118-124, 2021 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33352211

RESUMO

Mitral annular calcification (MAC) is a common echocardiographic finding and an increasingly recognized cause of degenerative mitral stenosis (DMS). However, little is known about the clinical characteristics and disease progression in DMS, particularly in comparison with rheumatic mitral stenosis (RMS). We retrospectively reviewed 203 consecutive patients with mitral stenosis (113 with DMS and 90 with RMS) who underwent echocardiography at our institution between January 2014 and December 2017. We compared the clinical characteristics and disease progression between the 2 groups. In addition, we analyzed the predictors of disease progression (defined as annual progression rate of a mean gradient >0 mm Hg/year) among patients with DMS. Patients with DMS were significantly older and had higher prevalence of atherosclerotic comorbidities than those with RMS. During the median follow-up period of 2.2 years, the annual progression rates were comparable (0.8 ± 0.8 mm Hg/year in DMS vs 1.0 ± 1.2 mm Hg/year in RMS; p = 0.32) and were highly variable (0.0 to 3.5 mm Hg/year in DMS and 0.0 to 5.5 mm Hg/year in RMS) within both groups among disease progression. In DMS patients, atherosclerotic comorbidities and lower initial mean gradient were significantly associated with disease progression even after adjustment by age and sex. There was no significant difference in the disease progression according to the circumferential MAC severity determined by echocardiography among DMS. In conclusion, DMS disease progression was slow but highly variable, similar to that of RMS. In patients with DMS, the baseline MAC severity did not correlate with disease progression, suggesting the importance of follow-up echocardiography regardless of the MAC severity.


Assuntos
Calcinose/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatia Reumática/diagnóstico por imagem , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/epidemiologia , Calcinose/epidemiologia , Calcinose/fisiopatologia , Comorbidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Progressão da Doença , Ecocardiografia , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estenose da Valva Mitral/epidemiologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Prevalência , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cardiopatia Reumática/epidemiologia , Cardiopatia Reumática/fisiopatologia
3.
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson ; 22(1): 55, 2020 07 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32727590

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A comprehensive non-invasive evaluation of bioprosthetic mitral valve (BMV) function can be challenging. We describe a novel method to assess BMV effective orifice area (EOA) based on phase contrast (PC) cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) data. We compare the performance of this new method to Doppler and in vitro reference standards. METHODS: Four sizes of normal BMVs (27, 29, 31, 33 mm) and 4 stenotic BMVs (27 mm and 29 mm, with mild or severe leaflet obstruction) were evaluated using a CMR- compatible flow loop. BMVs were evaluated with PC-CMR and Doppler methods under flow conditions of; 70 mL, 90 mL and 110 mL/beat (n = 24). PC-EOA was calculated as PC-CMR flow volume divided by the PC- time velocity integral (TVI). RESULTS: PC-CMR measurements of the diastolic peak velocity and TVI correlated strongly with Doppler values (r = 0.99, P < 0.001 and r = 0.99, P < 0.001, respectively). Across all conditions tested, the Doppler and PC-CMR measurement of EOA (1.4 ± 0.5 vs 1.5 ± 0.7 cm2, respectively) correlated highly (r = 0.99, P < 0.001), with a minimum bias of 0.13 cm2, and narrow limits of agreement (- 0.2 to 0.5 cm2). CONCLUSION: We describe a novel method to assess BMV function based on PC measures of transvalvular flow volume and velocity integration. PC-CMR methods can be used to accurately measure EOA for both normal and stenotic BMV's and may provide an important new parameter of BMV function when Doppler methods are unobtainable or unreliable.


Assuntos
Bioprótese , Ecocardiografia Doppler em Cores , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Hemodinâmica , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Estenose da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo , Estudos de Viabilidade , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Desenho de Prótese , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
4.
Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann ; 28(7): 377-380, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32600053

RESUMO

We have defined a standard surgical procedure for rheumatic mitral valve repair (the Score procedure) including four steps: shaving, checking, commissurotomy, and relaxing. Here, we summarize the clinical pathological classification for making a decision on repair or replacement. Given the large number of patients in China, we consider it the responsibility of Chinese cardiac surgeons to adopt a therapeutic schedule for rheumatic mitral valve disease, which includes a simple operation with reliable effects and easy to promote. This schedule would ensure that millions of patients get the best treatment to extend survival and improve their quality of life.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Cardiopatia Reumática/cirurgia , China , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/efeitos adversos , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/instrumentação , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Cardiopatia Reumática/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatia Reumática/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(6): e008903, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32513014

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intentional laceration of the anterior mitral leaflet (LAMPOON) is an effective adjunct to transcatheter mitral valve replacement that prevents left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction. To date, LAMPOON has been performed in over 150 patients using a retrograde approach that can be technically challenging. A modified antegrade transseptal technique may simplify the procedure. METHODS: Antegrade LAMPOON was developed and tested in nonsurvival pig experiments. Thereafter, antegrade LAMPOON was performed in patients at prohibitive risk of LVOT obstruction. Clinical, procedural, and angiographic details were abstracted from medical records of their index procedure, and were compared with findings in comparable patients at risk of fixed-LVOT obstruction in the LAMPOON investigational device exemption trial. RESULTS: Eight patients at risk of fixed LVOT obstruction underwent antegrade LAMPOON. Leaflet traversal and laceration were technically successful in all. There were no cases of clinically significant LVOT obstruction (mean LVOT gradient at discharge: 5.4±1.4 mm Hg). One patient suffered a ventricular wire perforation, unrelated to the antegrade LAMPOON technique, and did not survive to discharge. At the time of discharge, no patients had an increase of >10 mm Hg in LVOT gradient compared with baseline. Procedure times (from traversal to transcatheter mitral valve replacement) were shorter, compared with the retrograde technique in the LAMPOON investigational device exemption trial (39±09 versus 65±35 minutes). All patients survived (8/8, 100%) the procedure, and 7/8 (88%) survived to 30 days, similar to subjects in the LAMPOON investigational device exemption trial. CONCLUSIONS: Antegrade LAMPOON is an effective, reproducible, and simplified strategy to lacerate the anterior leaflet before transcatheter mitral valve replacement. The authors recommend the technique as the new standard for LAMPOON.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Obstrução do Fluxo Ventricular Externo/prevenção & controle , Animais , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Cardíaco/instrumentação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Humanos , Masculino , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Modelos Animais , Duração da Cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Sus scrofa , Pesquisa Médica Translacional , Resultado do Tratamento , Obstrução do Fluxo Ventricular Externo/etiologia , Obstrução do Fluxo Ventricular Externo/fisiopatologia
6.
Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann ; 28(7): 404-412, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32515208

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Contemporary nationwide data from mainland China on trends in mitral valve surgery are scarce. The purpose of the present study was to review a single-center experience with mitral valve surgery over a 10-year period in East China. METHODS: Between July 2009 and June 2019, 3238 consecutive patients who underwent mitral valve surgery in our center were retrospectively reviewed. The patients were evenly divided into three periods: July 2009 to October 2012 (period I), November 2012 to February 2016 (period II), March 2016 to June 2019 (period III). RESULTS: The 3238 patients included 536 (16.6%) who had mitral valve repair and 2702 (83.4%) who had mitral valve replacement. Early mortalities for mitral valve repair and mitral valve replacement were 0.2% and 0.9%, respectively. There were trends towards a higher proportion of degenerative valve lesions (24.6%, 35.8%, 54.7% in periods I, II, and III, respectively) and a lower proportion of rheumatic valve lesions (71.0%, 62.6%, 38.0%) in more recent years. The proportions of minimally invasive surgery (0.7%, 2.1%, 30.2%), mitral valve repair (8.3%, 15.4%, 27.5%), use of a bioprosthesis (10.1%, 17.0%, 23.1%), and concomitant tricuspid valve procedures (13.2%, 28.5%, 46.0%) increased dramatically, while early mortality remained constant during the 10-year period (1.0%, 0.3%, 0.9%). CONCLUSIONS: In the past 10 years, the spectrum of mitral valve disease experienced a trend towards more degenerative valve lesions and less rheumatic valve lesions in East China. Mitral valve repair, bioprostheses, tricuspid valve repair, and minimally invasive surgery have been more often applied in recent years.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/tendências , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/tendências , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Padrões de Prática Médica/tendências , Cardiopatia Reumática/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Bioprótese/tendências , China , Feminino , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas/tendências , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/mortalidade , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/efeitos adversos , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/instrumentação , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/mortalidade , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/mortalidade , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Mitral/mortalidade , Estenose da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cardiopatia Reumática/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatia Reumática/mortalidade , Cardiopatia Reumática/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia
7.
Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann ; 28(7): 366-370, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32436717

RESUMO

Rheumatic mitral valve disease remains a challenge for cardiac surgeons. Valve repair has several advantages over valve replacement but is technically demanding for good results. To improve rheumatic mitral valve repair, surgeons need to have a deep understand of the mitral valve complex and its dynamics. The goal of repair is to restore normal diastolic and systolic function. The current approach is to perform a holistic repair of the entire mitral complex. Each part of the complex is thoroughly explored to define the problem. Several innovative techniques have been introduced to correct valve dysfunction and provide gratifying results. The details of these techniques will be described, based on an understanding of the relationship of the mitral valve complex and dynamics. With this approach, rheumatic mitral valve repair is becoming more successful, reproducible, and safe. Long-term follow-up is mandatory.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Cardiopatia Reumática/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/efeitos adversos , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/instrumentação , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Cardiopatia Reumática/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatia Reumática/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia
8.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 36(10): 1845-1853, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32458290

RESUMO

Mitral annular calcification (MAC) is increasingly encountered, particularly among the elderly and those with chronic kidney disease, and is often associated with a transvalvular gradient. In contrast to rheumatic mitral stenosis relatively little is known about mitral stenosis due to MAC. We aimed to clarify whether exercise limitation in this group is primarily due to valvular obstruction or ventricular dysfunction resulting from multiple comorbidities. 20 patients with severe MAC (bulky calcium deposits which restricted leaflet motion) were submitted to supine bicycle exercise, measuring Doppler and echocardiographic parameters at baseline and during exercise. They were compared 1:1 to subjects matched for age, sex, and left ventricular wall thickness. At baseline MAC subjects had higher mean mitral valve gradients (MVG) than comparison subjects (7.5 ± 3.8 vs 1.6 ± 0.8 mm Hg, p < 0.0001), along with larger indexed left atrial volumes (54.4 ± 14.9 vs 34.0 ± 11.7 mL, p < 0.0001) and reduced left atrial strains (reservoir, conduit, and booster pump). With exercise MAC subjects reached higher levels of MVG (17.3 ± 8.4 vs 5.5 ± 2.5 mm Hg, p < 0.0001), and pulmonary artery systolic pressure (estimated from tricuspid regurgitant jet [TR] velocity) and displayed a moderate correlation between ΔMVG and ΔTR velocity (r2 = 0.57). MAC subjects whose exercise MVG was ≥ 15 mm Hg all had a peak pulmonary artery systolic pressure > 60 mm Hg. MAC subjects also had relative chronotropic incompetence. Patients with severe MAC and a transvalvular gradient experience large increases in MVG and pulmonary pressure with exercise, similar to what has been described in rheumatic mitral stenosis. MAC may be an under-recognized cause of dyspnea and exercise intolerance in older patients.


Assuntos
Calcinose/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Ecocardiografia sob Estresse , Teste de Esforço , Tolerância ao Exercício , Hemodinâmica , Estenose da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Ciclismo , Calcinose/complicações , Calcinose/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Dispneia/etiologia , Dispneia/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/complicações , Estenose da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Tempo
9.
J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad ; 32(1): 111-114, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32468768

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mitral stenosis (MS) is a prevalent disease in the developing world. It is a preventable disease associated with considerably high morbidity and mortality rates. Myocarditis secondary to rheumatic MS can cause left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. In majority of the case this LV dysfunction is subclinical. Recent development in imaging techniques like tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) and strain imaging enabled us to detect subclinical LV dysfunction. One such example is Global Longitudinal Strain (GLS), which is a reliable mean of assessing LV dysfunction in patients diagnosed with mitral stenosis. This study is design to determine the frequency of subclinical LV dysfunction in patients presenting with severe MS of rheumatic etiology in our institute. Objective of the study was to determine frequency of subclinical LV dysfunction by mean GLS in patients with isolated severe Rheumatic MS having normal LV Ejection fraction measured by 2D/M-mode echocardiography. It was an observational crosssectional study, conducted at Department of Cardiology, Rawalpindi Institute of Cardiology, Rawalpindi, during the period of six months from 1st January to 30th June 2016. METHODS: Fiftyfive patients with isolated severe mitral stenosis of underlying rheumatic aetiology with preserve LV function (EF>50%) were selected as per other inclusion and exclusion criteria. All patients were evaluated with detailed history, physical examination and echocardiographic examination. GLS was also noted and all other information was recorded on data collection form. RESULTS: The average age and mean GLS was 48.20±11.62 years and -19.24±1.15% respectively. Left ventricular systolic impairment in patients under study using the Global Longitudinal Strain was seen in 16.36% (9/55) cases. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that GLS helps in detecting impairment of LV systolic function at an early stage in patients with mitral stenosis which helps in their risk stratification thus warranting their early management.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Mitral , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estenose da Valva Mitral/epidemiologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/epidemiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia
10.
Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann ; 28(7): 360-365, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32469675

RESUMO

A sound knowledge of the functional anatomy of the mitral valve and the alterations caused by different diseases is indispensable for surgeons treating patients with mitral valve disease. Rheumatic mitral valve disease remains the most common heart valvular disorder in developing countries, whereas mitral regurgitation due myxomatous degeneration of the valve is the most common in developed countries. The mitral valve should be repaired whenever possible, as long as the outcome is predictably better than that of replacement. The intraoperative decision to repair or replace is not always simple and depends on the experience of the surgeon and the pathological changes that caused mitral valve dysfunction.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Cardiopatia Reumática/cirurgia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/efeitos adversos , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/instrumentação , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Cardiopatia Reumática/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatia Reumática/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia
11.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 36(8): 1543-1550, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32328870

RESUMO

In patients with rheumatic mitral stenosis (MS), some previous studies have investigated the influence of balloon mitral valvuloplasty (BMV) on left ventricular (LV) systolic function. However, the impact of BMV on LV twisting motion in this clinical setting has not been studied before yet. To describe changes in LV torsion in patients with rheumatic MS following BMV. Thirty patients (median age 33 years, 22 women) with isolated severe MS were studied. CMR myocardial tissue tagging was used for assessment of LV rotational deformation. LV torsion was calculated as the twist value (the net difference between apical counterclockwise and basal clockwise rotation) normalized to the length of the ventricle and multiplied by the mean radius at the base and apex. All patients had CMR studies before, 6 months and 1 year after successful BMV. At baseline, patients had a mitral valve area of 0.9 (0.6-1.3) cm2, mean pressure gradient of 12.5 (8-24) mmHg across the valve as measured by transthoracic echocardiography. Median LV ejection fraction (LVEF) estimated by CMR was 57 (range: 45-69) %. A significant improvement in LV base-apex torsion was shown at 6 months (3.3° vs. 2.5°, p < 0.001) with a further improvement at 1 year (4.1° vs. 3.3°, p = 0.05). Similar pattern of change was seen in LV base-mid torsion with a significant increase at 6 months (3.6° vs. 2.3°, p < 0.001) and a further increase at 1 year (4.7° vs. 3.6°, p = 0.007). These changes were associated with a significant increase in LVEF (62% vs. 57%, p < 0.001) at 1 year following BMV. Successful BMV is associated with a significant improvement in LV torsion that is accompanied by a significant improvement in LVEF.


Assuntos
Valvuloplastia com Balão , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Estenose da Valva Mitral/terapia , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatia Reumática/terapia , Volume Sistólico , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Adulto , Técnicas de Imagem de Sincronização Cardíaca , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Cardiopatia Reumática/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatia Reumática/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Tempo , Torção Mecânica , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
12.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 20(1): 157, 2020 04 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32248819

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We studied the course of plasma concentrations of 4 cardiovascular biomarkers: natriuretic peptides (BNP, NT-proBNP; mid-regional (MR) pro-atrial NP); and soluble endothelial CD146 (sCD146), in patients with severe mitral valve stenosis undergoing percutaneous mitral commissurotomy (PMC) to identify potential markers of procedural success. METHODS: Biomarkers were tested in 40 patients the day before and the day after PMC. Success was defined as mitral valve area ≥ 1.5 cm2; or an increase of ≥0.5 cm2 in mitral valve area associated with echocardiographic mitral regurgitation

Assuntos
Fator Natriurético Atrial/sangue , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Estenose da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Antígeno CD146/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estenose da Valva Mitral/sangue , Estenose da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Paris , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Am J Cardiol ; 125(10): 1536-1542, 2020 05 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32241552

RESUMO

Mitral stenosis is classically caused by rheumatic disease (RMS). However, degenerative mitral stenosis (DMS) is increasingly encountered, particularly in developed countries with aging populations. The aim of this study was to compare clinical and echocardiographic characteristics between the 2 entities. One hundred fifteen patients with DMS were identified from an echocardiographic database in the United States and compared with 510 patients with RMS from Seoul, Korea. All subjects had a mitral valve area (MVA) ≤2.5 cm2 by continuity equation but were otherwise unselected. Patients with DMS were older and had more hypertension, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease than those with RMS. Atrial fibrillation was more common in RMS patients. Mean mitral valve gradient was slightly lower in DMS versus RMS (7.63 ± 3.67 vs 8.50 ± 4.23 mm Hg, p = 0.04) but MVA was strikingly higher in the DMS group (1.35 ± 0.41 vs 0.95 ± 0.38 cm2, p <0.0001). This appeared to be due to greater stroke volume in the DMS patients (70.4 ± 19.7 vs 55.7 ± 15.5 ml, p <0.0001). Indexed left atrial volume was greater in RMS (82.1 ± 40.3 vs 57.9 ± 21.4 ml, p <0.0001) while estimated pulmonary artery systolic pressure was greater in DMS (49.3 ± 16.5 vs 39.4 ± 13.6 mm Hg, p <0.0001). In conclusion, DMS patients are older and have more comorbidities than RMS patients. DMS presents with greater MVA relative to mean mitral valve gradient than RMS. This appears due to a higher stroke volume in DMS patients.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Cardiopatia Reumática/fisiopatologia , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Comorbidade , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estenose da Valva Mitral/classificação , Estenose da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Mitral/epidemiologia , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Cardiopatia Reumática/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatia Reumática/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
15.
PLoS One ; 15(1): e0227753, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31929595

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mitral annular calcification (MAC) is associated with risk of stroke. This study aimed to define the morphological and functional characteristics of MAC that are related to stroke. METHODS: A total of 460 subjects with MAC from transthoracic echocardiography in a single center from 2012 to 2016 was retrospectively reviewed. Subjects were classified into two groups according to history of stroke [Group 1 (n = 366): without stroke; Group 2 (n = 94): with stroke]. Morphological and functional features of MAC on echocardiogram were scored from 0 to 3 according to MAC mobility, presence of echodense mass with central echolucencies in the periannular region suggesting caseous necrosis, and functional stenosis. RESULTS: Significantly more patients in group 2 were men and had history of diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, atrial fibrillation, or infective endocarditis. Although MAC thickness and extent did not differ between the two groups, group 2 showed a considerably higher MAC score than group 1 (0.50 ± 0.77 vs. 0.23 ±0.52 p<0.001) as a result of the higher prevalence of each component in group 2 [mobility (22 vs. 11%, p = 0.003), echodense mass with central areas of echolucencies suggesting caseous necrosis (23 vs. 7%, p<0.001), and functional mitral stenosis (12 vs. 7%, p = 0.042)]. On logistic regression analysis, MAC score was independently associated with stroke and showed significant incremental value to demographic factors and comorbidities in association with stroke in a consecutive manner. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, morphological and functional characteristics of MAC had incremental value in association with stroke over traditional risk factors. MAC score consisting of MAC mobility, typical echodense mass with central echolucencies suggesting caseous necrosis, and functional mitral stenosis was independently associated with stroke. MAC with high-risk features may act as a source of stroke or more potent composite surrogate markers for stroke-related risk factors.


Assuntos
Calcinose/complicações , Estenose da Valva Mitral/complicações , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Calcinose/patologia , Calcinose/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/patologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/patologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/patologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia
16.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 95(5): 866-884, 2020 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31841613
17.
Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 32(3): 433-440, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31863832

RESUMO

In certain pathologies, mitral valve repair is complicated by a paucity of tissue caused by fibrosis or destruction. Utilization of autologous pericardium for leaflet augmentation may be the only option to repair these valves. We present the midterm results of mitral valve leaflet augmentation with glutaraldehyde-fixed autologous pericardium. One hundred thirty consecutive patients undergoing mitral valve repair with glutaraldehyde-fixed pericardial augmentation of leaflets were followed up clinically and by echocardiography at 6-month intervals. Mean age was 24.8 years (range 2-64). The etiology was rheumatic in 75.3%, indeterminate in 8.4%, and other in 16.1%. Out of the rheumatics, 57.1%, 24.4%, and 18.3% had combined mitral stenosis and mitral regurgitation, isolated mitral regurgitation, and mitral stenosis, respectively. About 21.5% had a recent history of rheumatic activity. Eight were operated emergently for intractable heart failure. Majority of the patients required repair of multiple components of the mitral valve apparatus. Leaflet peeling was done in 52.3%. Pericardial patch augmentation of anterior mitral leaflet, posterior mitral leaflet, or both were carried out in 61.5%, 34.6%, and 3.8% patients respectively. Sixty percent got chordal procedures, while 92.3% got annuloplasty. There were no deaths during the mean follow-up period of 28 months. Ninety-three percent of our patients were in New York Heart Association class I and II on follow-up. There were 11 repair failures. Seven patients underwent a reoperation, while 4 patients are being managed conservatively (reoperation rate 5.38%). Augmentation of mitral valve leaflets with autologous pericardium allows many significantly fibrosed and destroyed valves to be reliably repaired with good midterm durability and hemodynamics.


Assuntos
Bioprótese , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/instrumentação , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Pericárdio/transplante , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/efeitos adversos , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Desenho de Prótese , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
18.
Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann ; 28(7): 371-373, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31619045

RESUMO

Rheumatic heart disease is the primary cause of valvular heart disease in India and other Southeast Asian countries. The disease is quite different from that seen in France, USA, and Australia. Poverty, malnutrition, and delayed referral affect the outcomes. Rheumatic heart disease can affect all four heart valves, mitral being the most common, aortic second, tricuspid next, and finally the pulmonary valve. The combinations of mitral and aortic, mitral and tricuspid, and all three valves are the next in frequency. Acute rheumatic fever usually manifests as quadrivalvular involvement. However, chronic rheumatic quadrivalvular heart disease has also been reported. The technical aspects taught and practiced in one institution over the past four decades are described here. Closed mitral valvotomy, mitral valve repair, or replacement with mechanical, bioprosthetic, and autograft valves are the choices. Aortic valve disease is usually treated with valve repair or replacement with mechanical, homograft or pulmonary autograft valves.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Cardiopatia Reumática/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Índia , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/efeitos adversos , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/instrumentação , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Cardiopatia Reumática/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatia Reumática/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia
20.
J Clin Ultrasound ; 48(1): 38-44, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31297841

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary pulse transit time (pPTT) is a novel noninvasive echocardiographic measure to assess pulmonary arterial hemodynamics. It has been shown to be shorter in precapillary pulmonary hypertension (PHT). Mitral stenosis (MS) is one of the causes of postcapillary PHT. We aimed to investigate pPTT in patients with MS and its relationship with symptoms. METHODS: We included 51 patients with MS (25 were asymptomatic, NYHA I, and 26 were symptomatic, NHYA II or III), and 50 controls, and evaluated their demographic characteristics and echocardiographic variables, including pPTT. RESULTS: Baseline characteristics, including age, sex, body mass index, and cardiovascular risk factors, were similar between the MS and the control group. The pPTT was longer in the MS group than in the control group (0.21 ± 0.08 vs 0.15 ± 0.05, P < .001). Patients with symptomatic MS had longer pPTT than asymptomatic patients (P = .005). The pPTT was positively correlated with left atrial volume index and systolic pulmonary artery pressure, and negatively with tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (r = .432; P < .001, r = .319; P = .001, r = -.293; and P = .003, respectively). CONCLUSION: The measurement of pPTT appears clinically relevant in patients with PHT. Further studies evaluating whether it is useful in distinguishing precapillary from postcapillary PHT are required.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia/métodos , Estenose da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Análise de Onda de Pulso , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estenose da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia
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