Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.151
Filtrar
1.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (1): 67-73, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31994502

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare long-term outcomes in patients after carotid endarterectomy and those who refused surgical correction and received only conservative treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: There were 1035 carotid endarterectomies performed at the Kemerovo Regional Clinical Hospital and Kemerovo Regional Clinical Cardiology Dispensary for the period 2014-2017. Surgery was refused by 136 patients for the same time. Thus, two groups of patients were formed: 1 - carotid endarterectomy group; 2 - conservative treatment group. INCLUSION CRITERIA: significant carotid stenosis, absence of severe neurological deficit (over 25 scores by the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale), absence of concomitant diseases limiting long-term follow-up. RESULTS: Lethal outcome (p=0.0038) and fatal acute cerebrovascular accident (p=0.0005) were significantly more common in the 2nd group in long-term follow-up period. Thus, combined endpoint took the greatest values in patients who refused surgery compared with patients who received surgical treatment (p=0.0001). It should be noted that ischemic stroke de novo occurred in 9 (6.6%) patients of the 2nd group after 10.8 ± 2.5 months. This complication required subsequent hospitalization for carotid endarterectomy. CONCLUSION: Preventive role of carotid endarterectomy was convincingly proved in comparison with drug therapy regarding mortality and fatal ischemic stroke in patients with significant carotid stenoses within 2.5 years of follow-up period.


Assuntos
Estenose das Carótidas/tratamento farmacológico , Estenose das Carótidas/cirurgia , Tratamento Conservador/mortalidade , Endarterectomia das Carótidas/mortalidade , Estenose das Carótidas/complicações , Estenose das Carótidas/mortalidade , Tratamento Conservador/efeitos adversos , Seguimentos , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 62: 166-172, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30763710

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary closure (PC) and patch angioplasty (PA) during carotid endarterectomy (CEA) have been disputed in many studies. Some studies announced that PC is associated with a higher restenosis rate. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of PC and PA using propensity score matching (PSM). METHODS: Between November 1994 and October 2016, 1,044 patients underwent primary CEA procedures at our institution and were retrospectively analyzed. The study endpoints included rates of ipsilateral stroke, any clinical stroke, cranial nerve palsy, hematoma, bleeding warranting repeat surgery within 30 postoperative days. We also investigated the restenosis rates, overall survival, stenosis-free survival, and stroke-free survival during follow-up (median follow-up 37.1 months). RESULTS: This study includes 435 cases of PC and 476 cases of PA. After PSM analysis, baseline characteristics (age, gender, hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, smoking, atrial fibrillation, previous percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass grafting, contralateral carotid occlusion, degree of carotid stenosis, and symptomatic status within 6 months) were balanced. Finally, 377 pairs of matched cases were analyzed. Statistical analysis showed no significant differences between the 2 groups in ipsilateral stroke (P = 0.45), clinical stroke (P = 0.75), cranial nerve palsy (P = 1), hematoma (P = 0.18), bleeding which required reoperation (P = 0.12) within 30 postoperative days, and restenosis rates during follow-up (P = 0.16). In addition, there were no differences between the 2 groups during follow-up in overall, stroke-free, and restenosis-free survival with P values of 0.136, 0.07, and 0.06, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: According to the analysis using PSM, there were no significant differences between PC and PA closure during CEA in perioperative and long-term outcomes.


Assuntos
Angioplastia , Estenose das Carótidas/cirurgia , Endarterectomia das Carótidas , Pericárdio/transplante , Técnicas de Sutura , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angioplastia/efeitos adversos , Angioplastia/mortalidade , Estenose das Carótidas/diagnóstico , Estenose das Carótidas/mortalidade , Pesquisa Comparativa da Efetividade , Endarterectomia das Carótidas/efeitos adversos , Endarterectomia das Carótidas/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/mortalidade , Técnicas de Sutura/efeitos adversos , Técnicas de Sutura/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo
3.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 62: 15-20, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31201981

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommend that patients with carotid artery stenosis ≥50% (Sx-CAS) undergo carotid endarterectomy (CEA) within 14 days of symptoms. However, perioperative risks, especially stroke, may be increased when CEA is performed within 48 hours. This study seeks to more fully evaluate the effect of timing of surgery on outcomes for Sx-CAS. METHODS: All CEAs in the Southern California Vascular Outcomes Improvement Collaborative (SoCal VOICe) from 2012 to 18 were reviewed. Ipsilateral cortical or visual symptoms within 6 months defined Sx-CAS. Timing from symptom occurrence to CEA was classified as immediate (0-2 days), early (3-14 days), or delayed (>14 days). Perioperative stroke, myocardial infarction (MI), and 30-day mortality rates were compared by time to surgery. RESULTS: Of 2203 CEAs, 436 (20%) were for Sx-CAS (52% stroke, 48% transient ischemic attack). Mean time from symptoms to CEA was 28.3 days (range, 0-172; median, 14 days). Sixty-one cases (14%) were immediate, 166 (38%) early, and 209 (48%) delayed. Perioperative stroke occurred in 2.8% and stroke/MI/30-day mortality in 5.7%. Stroke rate was significantly higher in the immediate group (vs. early and delayed): 8.2%, versus 3.0%, and 0.96%, respectively (P = 0.009). Stroke/MI/30-day mortality was also higher in the immediate group: 13.1%, versus 6.0%, and 3.3%, respectively (P = 0.001). Immediate surgery was associated with greater postoperative events (P = 0.009), and logistic regression confirmed decreased risk of postoperative stroke and stroke/MI/30-day mortality in delayed surgery using immediate surgery as a reference. Wide variability existed among centers in the timing of CEA (immediate-range, 0-50%; delayed-range, 41-83%; P = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: In the SoCal VOICe, 52% of patients undergo CEA within 2 weeks of symptoms. Increased stroke rates occur when CEA is performed within 2 days, whereas stroke and death rates are decreased at 3-14 days and beyond. These data support avoidance of immediate CEA. Opportunity exists to standardize timing of CEA for Sx-CAS among SoCal VOICe participants. Further study is required to define the role of immediate CEA.


Assuntos
Estenose das Carótidas/cirurgia , Endarterectomia das Carótidas/efeitos adversos , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Tempo para o Tratamento , Idoso , California , Estenose das Carótidas/complicações , Estenose das Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose das Carótidas/mortalidade , Bases de Dados Factuais , Endarterectomia das Carótidas/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(3): 247-253, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31858884

RESUMO

The present review was conducted to describe current published risk scoring systems to predict late mortality after carotid endarterectomy (CEA). The aim of the study is to identify simple, clinical, and reproducible tools to predict life expectancy in patients with asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis candidates to CEA and therefore which patients may benefit from surgery, reaching the goal of life expectancy >3 to 5 years, recommended by guidelines. Advantages, disadvantages, feasibility, simplicity, and reproducibility of each selected score were analyzed. Rigorous statistical analysis and validation of the score are essential components to produce a calibrated and usable score. Future studies should address the impact of using these tools in CEA candidates for asymptomatic disease.


Assuntos
Estenose das Carótidas/cirurgia , Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Endarterectomia das Carótidas/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doenças Assintomáticas , Estenose das Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose das Carótidas/mortalidade , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Endarterectomia das Carótidas/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Expectativa de Vida , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
JAMA ; 322(23): 2313-2322, 2019 12 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31846015

RESUMO

Importance: Several trials have observed higher rates of perioperative stroke following transfemoral carotid artery stenting compared with carotid endarterectomy. Transcarotid artery revascularization with flow reversal was recently introduced for carotid stenting. This technique was developed to decrease stroke risk seen with the transfemoral approach; however, its outcomes, compared with transfemoral carotid artery stenting, are not well characterized. Objective: To compare outcomes associated with transcarotid artery revascularization and transfemoral carotid artery stenting. Design, Setting, and Participants: Exploratory propensity score-matched analysis of prospectively collected data from the Vascular Quality Initiative Transcarotid Artery Surveillance Project and Carotid Stent Registry of asymptomatic and symptomatic patients in the United States and Canada undergoing transcarotid artery revascularization and transfemoral carotid artery stenting for carotid artery stenosis, from September 2016 to April 2019. The final date for follow-up was May 29, 2019. Exposures: Transcarotid artery revascularization vs transfemoral carotid artery stenting. Main Outcomes and Measures: Outcomes included a composite end point of in-hospital stroke or death, stroke, death, myocardial infarction, as well as ipsilateral stroke or death at 1 year. In-hospital stroke was defined as ipsilateral or contralateral, cortical or vertebrobasilar, and ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke. Death was all-cause mortality. Results: During the study period, 5251 patients underwent transcarotid artery revascularization and 6640 patients underwent transfemoral carotid artery stenting. After matching, 3286 pairs of patients who underwent transcarotid artery revascularization or transfemoral carotid artery stenting were identified (transcarotid approach: mean [SD] age, 71.7 [9.8] years; 35.7% women; transfemoral approach: mean [SD] age, 71.6 [9.3] years; 35.1% women). Transcarotid artery revascularization was associated with a lower risk of in-hospital stroke or death (1.6% vs 3.1%; absolute difference, -1.52% [95% CI, -2.29% to -0.75%]; relative risk [RR], 0.51 [95% CI, 0.37 to 0.72]; P < .001), stroke (1.3% vs 2.4%; absolute difference, -1.10% [95% CI, -1.79% to -0.41%]; RR, 0.54 [95% CI, 0.38 to 0.79]; P = .001), and death (0.4% vs 1.0%; absolute difference, -0.55% [95% CI, -0.98% to -0.11%]; RR, 0.44 [95% CI, 0.23 to 0.82]; P = .008). There was no statistically significant difference in the risk of perioperative myocardial infarction between the 2 cohorts (0.2% for transcarotid vs 0.3% for the transfemoral approach; absolute difference, -0.09% [95% CI, -0.37% to 0.19%]; RR, 0.70 [95% CI, 0.27 to 1.84]; P = .47). At 1 year using Kaplan-Meier life-table estimation, the transcarotid approach was associated with a lower risk of ipsilateral stroke or death (5.1% vs 9.6%; hazard ratio, 0.52 [95% CI, 0.41 to 0.66]; P < .001). Transcarotid artery revascularization was associated with higher risk of access site complication resulting in interventional treatment (1.3% vs 0.8%; absolute difference, 0.52% [95% CI, -0.01% to 1.04%]; RR, 1.63 [95% CI, 1.02 to 2.61]; P = .04), whereas transfemoral carotid artery stenting was associated with more radiation (median fluoroscopy time, 5 minutes [interquartile range {IQR}, 3 to 7] vs 16 minutes [IQR, 11 to 23]; P < .001) and more contrast (median contrast used, 30 mL [IQR, 20 to 45] vs 80 mL [IQR, 55 to 122]; P < .001). Conclusions and Relevance: Among patients undergoing treatment for carotid stenosis, transcarotid artery revascularization, compared with transfemoral carotid artery stenting, was significantly associated with a lower risk of stroke or death.


Assuntos
Estenose das Carótidas/cirurgia , Cateterismo Periférico/efeitos adversos , Stents , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Estenose das Carótidas/complicações , Estenose das Carótidas/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Pontuação de Propensão , Sistema de Registros
6.
Vasc Med ; 24(5): 431-438, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31543030

RESUMO

Optimal management of patients with internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis concurrent with severe cardiac disease remains undefined. The aim of this study is to evaluate the safety and feasibility of the one-day, sequential approach by carotid artery stenting (CAS) immediately followed by cardiac surgery. The study included 70 consecutive patients with symptomatic > 50% or ⩾ 80% asymptomatic ICA stenosis coexisting with severe coronary/valve disease, who underwent one-day, sequential CAS + cardiac surgery. The majority of patients (85.7%) had CSS class III or IV angina and 10% had non-ST elevation myocardial infarction. The EuroSCORE II risk was 2.4% (IQR 1.69-3.19%). All CAS procedures were performed according to the 'tailored' algorithm with a substantial use of proximal neuroprotection devices of 44.3%. Closed-cell (75.7%) and mesh-covered (18.6%) stents were implanted in most cases. The majority of patients underwent isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (88.6%) or isolated valve replacement (7.1%). No major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) occurred at the CAS stage. There were three (4.3%) perioperative MACCE: one myocardial infarction and two deaths. All MACCE were related to cardiac surgery and were due to the high surgical risk profile of the patients. Up to 30 days, no further MACCE were observed. No perioperative or 30-day neurological complications occurred. In this patient series, one-day, sequential CAS and cardiac surgery was relatively safe and did not result in neurological complications. Thus, a strategy of preoperative CAS could be considered for patients with severe or symptomatic ICA stenosis who require urgent cardiac surgery.


Assuntos
Artéria Carótida Interna , Estenose das Carótidas/terapia , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Cardiopatias/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Stents , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artéria Carótida Interna/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose das Carótidas/complicações , Estenose das Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose das Carótidas/mortalidade , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/mortalidade , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/mortalidade , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Cardiopatias/complicações , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatias/mortalidade , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Sistema de Registros , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Surgery ; 166(4): 601-606, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31405580

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Difficult cephalad exposure during carotid endarterectomy in patients with high plaque (HP) may lead to increased incidence of complications after carotid endarterectomy. We report on our experience of carotid endarterectomy in patients with HP. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of 1,233 consecutive patients who underwent carotid endarterectomy by a single surgeon at 2 teaching hospitals between January 1989 to December 2018. Group A consisted of patients with HP (n = 100) diagnosed by computed tomography angiography of the neck in 90, catheter-based arteriography in 8, and an unexpected finding during carotid endarterectomy in 2 patients. Group B consisted of 1,133 consecutive carotid endarterectomies with plaque ending in Zone 1 non-high plaque (nHP). RESULTS: Both groups were similar in age (70.9 ± 8.7 vs 70.3 ± 9.1, P = .53). There was a preponderance of male patients in the HP group (78.0% vs 66.1%, P = .02). Associated risk factors, including coronary artery disease, hypertension, diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and hyperlipidemia, were similar in both groups. Indications for carotid endarterectomy in HP patients include recent stroke (<8 weeks) in 15 patients (15.0%), transient ischemic attack in 23 patients (23.0%), and asymptomatic in 62 patients (62.0%). Three patients (3.0%) with HP required shunt placement compared with 10.9% in the nHP group (P = .009). Completion carotid arteriogram was performed in 6 patients. Perioperative stroke and mortality were similar in both groups. The incidence of cranial nerve injury was higher in the HP group. CONCLUSION: Most patients with HP can be diagnosed with computed tomography angiography of the neck or catheter-based arteriography. Shunt requirement in patients with HP is significantly lower than in the nHP group. Perioperative stroke and mortality in patients with HP undergoing carotid endarterectomy is similar to the nHP group; however, there is a higher incidence of permanent cranial nerve injury. Carotid artery stenting should be considered in cases in which carotid endarterectomy may be challenging, such as in patients with HP. Overall, our results demonstrate that carotid endarterectomy can be safely performed in patients with HP, however, at an increased risk of permanent cranial nerve injury.


Assuntos
Estenose das Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose das Carótidas/cirurgia , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Endarterectomia das Carótidas/métodos , Segurança do Paciente , Placa Aterosclerótica/cirurgia , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angiografia/métodos , Estenose das Carótidas/mortalidade , Estudos de Coortes , Endarterectomia das Carótidas/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Hospitais de Ensino , Humanos , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório/prevenção & controle , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Placa Aterosclerótica/diagnóstico por imagem , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia Doppler Dupla/métodos , Estados Unidos
9.
Int Angiol ; 38(4): 320-325, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31203595

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several techniques of carotid endarterectomy have been described and currently used in clinical practice. We describe and report the midterm results of short non-patch arteriotomy technique. METHODS: We analyzed patients treated at our Department for carotid artery stenosis. Main outcomes were mortality, stroke, restenosis and local complications. The technique consists in a short longitudinal arteriotomy from common carotid artery to internal (ICA), followed by thromboendarterectomy in carotid bulb with a blunt spatula, cutting the more proximal edge of the plaque. A semi-eversion is then performed in the ICA to fully remove carotid plaque. RESULTS: In the period between years 2011-2016 we performed 476 carotid endarterectomies of which 436 with short non-patch arteriotomy. Mean clamping time was 15.5±5.7 minutes. In-hospital complications were: three cases of stroke (0.7%), all with complete recovery, four transient cerebral ischemia (0.9%), 14 cervical hematomas (3.2%), and four cranial nerve injuries (0.9%), which was in all cases completely regressed. At two years, we report six cases of carotid restenosis (1.4%), all treated with carotid stenting. CONCLUSIONS: Short non-patch carotid endarterectomy technique resulted in a low mid-term rates of stroke, restenosis, and cranial nerve injuries compared to other surgical series in the literature.


Assuntos
Artéria Carótida Interna/cirurgia , Estenose das Carótidas/cirurgia , Endarterectomia das Carótidas , Stents , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estenose das Carótidas/mortalidade , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Traumatismos dos Nervos Cranianos/etiologia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório/etiologia , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Taxa de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Scand Cardiovasc J ; 53(5): 266-273, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31251084

RESUMO

Objetives. Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is an established treatment for carotid stenosis (CS). However, this procedure is not risk-free and it is insufficient to control disseminated atherosclerosis. Our aim was to determine long-term cardiovascular morbidity and mortality after CEA and identify associated risk predictors. Design. Consecutive cohorts of CEAs performed between 2010 and 2018 in two Portuguese hospitals were retrospectively analysed. The major end-points were acute myocardial infarction (AMI), stroke, all-cause death and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE). Results. 248 patients (mean age 69 years; 79% male) were enrolled in the study. 24% had postoperative complications. At 52 months median follow-up, 9 ± 2.0% (mean ± standard error) of patients experienced an acute myocardial infarction (AMI), 12 ± 2.4% a stroke and 26 ± 3.2% a MACE. All-cause mortality rate was 21 ± 3.0%. Multivariate analysis identified coronary artery disease (CAD) as significant predictor of AMI (p < .001; Hazard Ratio (HR):9.628; 95% Confidence Interval (95%CI):2.805-33.046), whereas no statistically significant risk factor of stroke was found. Predictors of death included left sided CS (p = .042; HR:1.886; 95%CI:1.024-3.475), chronic kidney disease (CKD) (p = .007; HR:2.352; 95%CI:1.266-4.372) and anticoagulant medication (p = .015; HR:2.107; 95%CI:1.216-6.026), while statin use was significantly protective (p = .049; HR:0.482; 95%CI:0.233-0.998). Concerning MACE, male gender (p = .040; HR:1.709; 95%CI:1.025-2.849), tobacco use (p = .004; HR:2.181; 95%CI:1.277-3.726), CAD (p = .002; HR:2.235; 95%CI:1.340-3.727) and CKD (p < .001; HR:3.029; 95%CI:1.745-5.258) were risk predictors. Conclusions. Patients continue to have high rates of AMI, MACE and death after CEA. Prior CAD is a risk factor for future AMI, whereas CKD is a significant predictor of MACE and death. Aggressive best medical treatment and risk factors modification should be advised in all patients with systemic atherosclerosis.


Assuntos
Estenose das Carótidas/cirurgia , Endarterectomia das Carótidas/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Estenose das Carótidas/mortalidade , Causas de Morte , Endarterectomia das Carótidas/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Portugal , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
J Vasc Surg ; 69(6): 1801-1806, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31159983

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Patch angioplasty has been shown to decrease rates of restenosis after carotid endarterectomy (CEA). In 2003, the Vascular Study Group of New England (VSGNE) implemented its first quality initiative aimed at increasing the rates of patch closure after CEA. This study reports the effects of that initiative on the rate of patch closure in the VSGNE and also postoperative and 1-year CEA outcomes. METHODS: Patients undergoing CEA (N = 14,636) within the VSGNE between 2003 and 2014 were studied. Rates of in-hospital postoperative events (death, ipsilateral stroke or transient ischemic attack [TIA], and return to the operating room for bleeding) and events during 1 year of follow-up (stroke or TIA and restenosis >70% or occlusion) were compared by repair type-patch closure, primary closure, or eversion. One-year follow-up events were also compared over time and by annualized surgeon volume. RESULTS: During the 12 years studied, patch use increased from 71% to 91% (P < .001). There was no difference in postoperative death or ipsilateral stroke or TIA between the repair types. However, there was a statistically lower rate of return to the operating room for bleeding (P < .001), 1-year stroke or TIA (P < .003), and 1-year restenosis or occlusion (P < .001) with patch closure. Overall, the rates of 1-year stroke or TIA and restenosis decreased over time in the VSGNE. The initiative affected patch closure rates and outcomes of high-volume surgeons (>47 CEAs/y) the most. High-volume surgeons increased patch use from 50% to 90% and decreased their restenosis rates from 9.0% to 1.2% and 1-year stroke or TIA from 4.9% to 1.9% (P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: The VSGNE carotid patch quality initiative successfully increased the rates of CEA patch closure. During the same time, there has been a decrease in postoperative bleeding requiring reoperation and 1-year ipsilateral neurologic events and restenosis or occlusion.


Assuntos
Angioplastia/instrumentação , Estenose das Carótidas/cirurgia , Endarterectomia das Carótidas , Idoso , Angioplastia/efeitos adversos , Angioplastia/mortalidade , Estenose das Carótidas/complicações , Estenose das Carótidas/mortalidade , Bases de Dados Factuais , Endarterectomia das Carótidas/efeitos adversos , Endarterectomia das Carótidas/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório/etiologia , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório/mortalidade , Masculino , New England , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/mortalidade , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/cirurgia , Recidiva , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
J Vasc Surg ; 69(6): 1952-1961.e1, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31159989

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Procedural characteristics, including stent design, may influence the outcome of carotid artery stenting (CAS). A thorough comparison of the effect of stent design on outcome of CAS is thus warranted to allow for optimal evidence-based clinical decision making. This study sought to evaluate the effect of stent design on clinical and radiologic outcomes of CAS. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane databases in May 2018. Included were articles reporting on the occurrence of clinical short- and intermediate-term major adverse events (MAEs; any stroke or death) or radiologic adverse events (new ischemic lesions on postprocedural magnetic resonance diffusion-weighted imaging [MR-DWI], restenosis, or stent fracture) in different stent designs used to treat carotid artery stenosis. Random effects models were used to calculate combined overall effect sizes. Metaregression was performed to identify the effect of specific stents on MAE rates. RESULTS: From 2654 unique identified articles, two randomized, controlled trials and 66 cohort studies were eligible for analysis (including 46,728 procedures). Short-term clinical MAE rates were similar for patients treated with open cell vs closed cell or hybrid stents. Use of an Acculink stent was associated with a higher risk of short-term MAE compared with a Wallstent (risk ratio [RR], 1.51; P = .03), as was true for use of Precise stent vs Xact stent (RR, 1.55; P < .001). Intermediate-term clinical MAE rates were similar for open vs closed cell stents. Use of open cell stents predisposed to a 25% higher chance (RR, 1.25; P = .03) of developing postprocedural new ischemic lesions on MR-DWI. No differences were observed in the incidence of restenosis, stent fracture, or intraprocedural hemodynamic depression with respect to different stent design. CONCLUSIONS: Stent design is not associated with short- or intermediate-term clinical MAE rates in patients undergoing CAS. Furthermore, the division in open and closed cell stent design might conceal true differences in single stent efficacy. Nevertheless, open cell stenting resulted in a significantly higher number of subclinical postprocedural new ischemic lesions detected on MR-DWI compared with closed cell stenting. An individualized patient data meta-analysis, including future studies with prospective homogenous study design, is required to adequately correct for known risk factors and to provide definite conclusions with respect to carotid stent design for specific subgroups.


Assuntos
Estenose das Carótidas/terapia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Desenho de Prótese , Stents , Idoso , Estenose das Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose das Carótidas/mortalidade , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Recidiva , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; 57(6): 759-766, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31142437

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the outcome of 65 year old men five years after carotid ultrasound screening, as well as risk factors for disease progression. METHODS: All 65 year old men living in the county of Uppsala 2007-2009 were invited to an ultrasound examination of both carotid arteries and re-invited at age 70. The cohort was grouped into normal carotids, plaque without significant stenosis, moderate stenosis (50-79%), and severe stenosis (80-99%). The rate of disease progression was assessed from ultrasound data. Data on mortality, ipsilateral neurological events, risk factors, and medication were obtained from patient records and population registries. RESULTS: Among men participating in carotid screening at age 65, 3,057 were re-screened at age 70. In those with normal carotids (n = 2,318), 23 (1.0%) progressed to a moderate stenosis, and four (0.2%) to a symptomatic severe stenosis. Among those with plaque (n = 696), 25 (3.6%) progressed to moderate stenosis, and eight (1.1%) to severe stenosis, of whom four (0.6%) had symptoms. Of 31 men with 50-79% stenosis, four (12.9%) had progressed to a severe stenosis, of whom two (6.5%) developed symptoms. Five of twelve subjects (42%) with 80-99% stenosis developed symptoms. Disease regression was present among 289/692 plaque (41.7%) and 16/33 stenosis (48.4%). In multivariable analysis, smoking, coronary artery disease and hypercholesterolemia were associated with disease progression. The proportions of antiplatelet, statin, and antihypertensive treatment in the population at age 70 were 22%, 29%, and 55%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Men with plaques and moderate stenosis have a good prognosis, but in those with severe stenosis there is a high risk of neurological events.


Assuntos
Estenose das Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Ultrassonografia Doppler Dupla , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Estenose das Carótidas/mortalidade , Estenose das Carótidas/terapia , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Placa Aterosclerótica , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais , Suécia , Fatores de Tempo
16.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 59: 21-27, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31009714

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim was to compare perioperative and follow-up results of carotid artery stenting (CAS) and carotid endarterectomy (CEA) in patients with carotid near-occlusion (NO). METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted from January 2012 to June 2017 on consecutive patients with NO in our center. Perioperative complications, recurrence rate of ischemic stroke, restenosis rate, and mortality in follow-up were compared between the CAS group and CEA group. RESULTS: 92 patients (CAS group, 54 and CEA group, 38) were identified. Perioperative (30-day) results were as follows: the rate of new lesions on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) was higher in the CAS group (n = 31, 57.4%) than in the CEA group (n = 13, 34.2%) (P = 0.03); no differences were found in ischemic stroke, transient ischemic attack (TIA), cardiac infarction, and death rate between the two groups. Results from follow-up with a mean period of 28.3 (range from 3 to 60) months were as follows: the restenosis rate was lower in the CAS group (n = 1, 1.8%) than the CEA group (n = 4, 10.5%) (P = 0.04); no differences were found in ischemic stroke, TIA, and the death rate between the two groups. Kaplan-Meier survival curves showed that the five-year survival rate was 85.8% of the CAS group and 82.7% of the CEA group (P = 0.61); the five-year rate of freedom from target-lesion restenosis was 93.3% of the CAS group and 80.4% of the CEA group (P = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Both CAS and CEA can be used for carotid NO with the same rate of TIA/stroke and long-term survival. The rate of new lesions on DWI after CAS was higher than that in CEA in the perioperative period. CAS had a lower restenosis rate than CEA in follow-up, which might be more beneficial for remodeling of the distal internal carotid artery.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Estenose das Carótidas/terapia , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética , Endarterectomia das Carótidas , Stents , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angiografia Digital , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Angioplastia com Balão/mortalidade , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia Encefálica/etiologia , Isquemia Encefálica/mortalidade , Estenose das Carótidas/complicações , Estenose das Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose das Carótidas/mortalidade , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Endarterectomia das Carótidas/efeitos adversos , Endarterectomia das Carótidas/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
J Vasc Surg ; 69(5): 1490-1503.e3, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31010514

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several randomized clinical trials have shown that carotid artery endarterectomy (CEA) is safer than carotid artery stenting (CAS) in the elderly. However, those studies were limited by their strict inclusion criteria that might make their findings inapplicable to real-world practice. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the association of age with the efficacy of CEA and CAS in a population-based registry. METHODS: The Vascular Quality Initiative database was inquired (2005-2017). The primary outcome was 30-day and 2-year stroke and a combined outcome of stroke/death. Logistic regression models with age-by-treatment interaction term were fitted adjusting for patients' characteristics. Restricted cubic spline modelling was also implemented. Two-year events were assessed via survival analysis methods. RESULTS: Overall, 89,853 patients were included, 26.9% were less than 65 years of age, 39.1% were 65 to 74 years of age, and 34.1% were 75 years of age or older. The CAS-to-CEA odds of 30-day stroke became significant at age 56.5 and doubled at age 72.5 years. After CEA, the risk of stroke rose by 1.3-fold when age increased from 76 to 85 (odds ratio [OR], 1.30; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.05-1.62). Yet after CAS, when age increased from 65 to 71 years, the OR of stroke was 1.36 (95% CI, 1.04-1.76); from 71 to 76 years, the OR was 1.47 (95% CI, 1.10-1.96), and from 76 to 85 years the OR was 1.38 (95% CI, 1.06-1.81). The superiority of CEA with increasing age extended to 2 years after the procedure. The CAS-to-CEA 2-year hazard of stroke was significant at age 53 and it doubled at 71.5 years. CONCLUSIONS: In this multicenter registry, we confirmed the effect modification role that age plays in the safety and efficacy of carotid revascularizations. The risk-adjusted effectiveness of CAS was particularly sensitive to patient age, whereas CEA performance was relatively stable across various age strata. Of note, the observed effect was more pronounced and a decade earlier than what previously reported in the ideal setting of a randomized clinical trial.


Assuntos
Estenose das Carótidas/cirurgia , Endarterectomia das Carótidas , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estenose das Carótidas/mortalidade , Bases de Dados Factuais , Endarterectomia das Carótidas/efeitos adversos , Endarterectomia das Carótidas/mortalidade , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Procedimentos Endovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ontário , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Stents , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos , Adulto Jovem
19.
Br J Surg ; 106(6): 665-671, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30973990

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommend treating patients with an internal carotid artery near occlusion (ICANO) with best medical therapy (BMT) based on weak evidence. Consequently, patients with ICANO were excluded from randomized trials. The aim of this individual-patient data (IPD) meta-analysis was to determine the optimal treatment approach. METHODS: A systematic search was performed in MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library databases in January 2018. The primary outcome was the occurrence of any stroke or death within the first 30 days of treatment, analysed by multivariable mixed-effect logistic regression. The secondary outcome was the occurrence of any stroke or death beyond 30 days up to 1 year after treatment, evaluated by Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. RESULTS: The search yielded 1526 articles, of which 61 were retrieved for full-text review. Some 32 studies met the inclusion criteria and pooled IPD were available from 11 studies, including some 703 patients with ICANO. Within 30 days, any stroke or death was reported in six patients (1·8 per cent) in the carotid endarterectomy (CEA) group, five (2·2 per cent) in the carotid artery stenting (CAS) group and seven (4·9 per cent) in the BMT group. This resulted in a higher 30-day stroke or death rate after BMT than after CEA (odds ratio 5·63, 95 per cent c.i. 1·30 to 24·45; P = 0·021). No differences were found between CEA and CAS. The 1-year any stroke- or death-free survival rate was 96·1 per cent for CEA, 94·4 per cent for CAS and 81·2 per cent for BMT. CONCLUSION: These data suggest that BMT alone is not superior to CEA or CAS with respect to 30-day or 1-year stroke or death prevention in patients with ICANO. These patients do not appear to constitute a high-risk group for surgery, and consideration should made to including them in future RCTs of internal carotid artery interventions.


Assuntos
Artéria Carótida Interna , Estenose das Carótidas/terapia , Endarterectomia das Carótidas , Stents , Artéria Carótida Interna/cirurgia , Estenose das Carótidas/complicações , Estenose das Carótidas/mortalidade , Endarterectomia das Carótidas/mortalidade , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Modelos Logísticos , Análise Multivariada , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
J Vasc Surg ; 70(2): 522-529, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30837178

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze preoperative risk factors affecting long-term survival and the occurrence of stroke in patients older than 80 years undergoing either carotid endarterectomy (CEA) or carotid artery stenting (CAS) for carotid stenosis. METHODS: Data of all consecutive patients treated from January 1999 to December 2017 were retrospectively reviewed and outcomes analyzed. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to estimate long-term survival and the risk of stroke for both groups. Cox proportional hazards analysis was used to assess the relative risk of all-cause mortality and long-term stroke for patients in the presence of selected comorbidities, including preoperative symptoms, coronary artery disease, chronic renal failure, atrial fibrillation (AF), hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and dyslipidemia. A P value <.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: A total of 473 patients older than 80 years (298 men [63%]) underwent either CEA (n = 178) or CAS. At 30 days, one patient died in the CEA group of unrelated causes; no deaths were recorded after CAS (0.6% vs 0%; P = .18). At 5 years, survival was 67.6% ± 4.9% after CEA and 90.2% ± 2.3% after CAS (P < .0001). The main cause of death after CEA and CAS was a neoplasm. Estimated freedom from any stroke at 5 years was 97.3% ± 0.5% after CEA and 93.2% ± 1.2% after CAS (P = .07). The presence of preoperative AF significantly affected long-term mortality after CAS (hazard ratio [HR], 1.56; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.34-1.98; P = .04) as well as being classified as American Society of Anesthesiologists class 3 at evaluation of the preoperative anesthesiology risk. The presence of preoperative AF was the only factor that significantly affected the occurrence of long-term stroke after both CAS (HR, 2.28; 95% CI, 1.86-5.63; P = .001) and CEA (HR, 3.45; 95% CI, 2.29-8.19; P = .005). CONCLUSIONS: Both CEA and CAS showed low 30-day mortality and any-stroke rates in patients older than 80 years. In the long term, survival was significantly better after CAS; however, deaths after CEA and CAS were mainly unrelated to the procedure. No significant differences were recorded in the occurrence of any stroke in the long term. The presence of preoperative AF significantly affected long-term survival after CAS as well as being classified as American Society of Anesthesiologists class 3 at evaluation of the preoperative anesthesiology risk. The presence of preoperative AF also significantly affected long-term risk of stroke after both CAS and CEA.


Assuntos
Estenose das Carótidas/terapia , Endarterectomia das Carótidas/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Fatores Etários , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estenose das Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose das Carótidas/mortalidade , Causas de Morte , Comorbidade , Endarterectomia das Carótidas/mortalidade , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Procedimentos Endovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Stents , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA