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1.
J Affect Disord ; 321: 114-125, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36283535

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Worldwide, approximately 800,000 people die by suicide every year, and non-fatal suicidal thoughts and behaviours are common. Stigma is likely a major barrier to preventing suicide. The purpose of our review is to scope the development, psychometric properties and use of measures that explicitly seek to measure the construct of suicide stigma. METHODS: We conducted a scoping review. We searched PubMed, PsycINFO, Embase and CINAHL using search terms related to suicide, stigma and measures/scales with no date limits. We included any measure the authors defined as measuring suicide-related stigma. Only peer-reviewed articles published in English were included. RESULTS: We included 106 papers discussing 23 measures of suicide stigma; 82 provided data on psychometric properties. Measures assessed personal or public stigma; and stigma toward a range of suicidal phenomena (e.g., suicidal thoughts, those bereaved by suicide). 'Stigma' definitions varied and were not always provided. The Grief Experience Questionnaire, Suicide Opinion Questionnaire and Stigma of Suicide Scale were the most commonly cited. Measures varied in the strength of their psychometric properties. LIMITATIONS: We only included papers in English. Because we included any measures authors defined as measuring suicide stigma, we may have included measures not commonly considered as measures of suicide stigma, and conversely we might have excluded relevant measures because they did not use the term 'stigma'. DISCUSSION: This review aimed to assist in better understanding available suicide stigma measures, their strengths and weaknesses and current uses, and will inform the development of future suicide stigma measures.


Assuntos
Suicídio , Humanos , Estigma Social , Ideação Suicida , Pesar , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am ; 32(1): 157-167, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36410902

RESUMO

The wide and effective dissemination of research findings is crucial to the mission of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). This article describes NIDA dissemination efforts and resources that are available to inform clinicians, teens, families, and educators about youth and substance use. Resources that are available include content addressing facts about youth drug use, trends in use, and stigma, in addition to substance use disorder (SUD) prevention and treatment. Information is provided about resources such as infographics, research-based practice guides, training, educational events, and online videos. How input is solicited to inform dissemination efforts is described and future directions for NIDA's dissemination efforts are outlined.


Assuntos
National Institute on Drug Abuse (U.S.) , Nitrosaminas , Estados Unidos , Adolescente , Humanos , Saúde do Adolescente , Estigma Social
3.
Med Educ Online ; 28(1): 2151069, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36420940

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Contact-based education, offering meaningful contact with individuals living in recovery with mental illness, reduces stigma. This study evaluated the effectiveness of the National Alliance on Mental Illness Provider Education Program (NAMI PEP) when implemented as a curricular requirement across two cohorts of third-year osteopathic medical students, comparing traditional, passive learning and active, online delivery formats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were two cohorts of third-year medical students (Cohort 1 n = 186; Cohort 2 n = 139; overall N = 325) who completed questionnaires measuring affect, beliefs, and behaviors toward patients with mental illness at pre-program, 1-week follow-up, and 6-month follow-up. For Cohort 1, the existing community-based NAMI PEP was implemented. For Cohort 2, the program was adapted to an online, active learning format tailored to medical students, and an additional 3-month follow-up assessment was added to better identify intermediate-term effects. RESULTS: The NAMI PEP was associated with longitudinal improvements in target outcomes, with enhanced effects with the adapted curriculum in Cohort 2. At 6-month follow-up, students reported less stigma, fewer stereotyping negative attitudes, and lower anxiety treating patients with mental illness. They also reported increased confidence integrating psychiatry into routine care and increased competence in principles of collaborative mental health treatment. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates the longitudinal effectiveness of the NAMI PEP across two cohorts of medical students, with strengthened effects observed when the program is tailored to contemporary medical education.


Assuntos
Transtornos Mentais , Psiquiatria , Estudantes de Medicina , Humanos , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Estigma Social , Transtornos Mentais/terapia , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Psiquiatria/educação
5.
Washington, D.C.; OPAS; 2022-11-16. (OPAS/CDE/IMS/Monkeypox/22-0017).
em Português | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-56725

RESUMO

Diante das doenças que são transmitidas pelo contato próximo, o silêncio ou a comunicação inadequada ou imprecisa incentiva que um grupo de pessoas seja culpado ou responsabilizado por suas práticas sexuais. Este guia apresenta informações e estratégias para as comunidades de gays, bissexuais e homens que fazem sexo com homens, bem como comunicadores, profissionais de saúde e tomadores de decisão, para evitar ou mitigar o estigma e a discriminação associados ao surto de varíola dos macacos.


Assuntos
Estigma Social , Discriminação Social , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis
6.
Washington, D.C.; PAHO; 2022-11-16. (PAHO/CDE/IMS/Monkeypox/22-0017).
em Inglês | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr--56715

RESUMO

In the face of diseases that are transmitted by close contact, silence or inadequate or inaccurate communication encourages a group of people to be blamed and held responsible for their sexual practices. This guide presents information and strategies for the gay, bisexual and men who have sex with men communities, as well as communicators, health personnel and decision-makers, to avoid or mitigate the stigma and discrimination associated with the monkeypox outbreak.


Assuntos
Varíola dos Macacos , Vírus da Varíola dos Macacos , Infecções Sexualmente Transmissíveis , Estigma Social
8.
BMJ Open ; 12(11): e062594, 2022 11 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36351734

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: HIV-related stigma still remains a major barrier to testing and a significant burden for people living with HIV (PLWH) in sub-Saharan Africa. This paper investigates how mobile phone ownership can influence HIV-related stigma. DESIGN: This is an observational study using both cross-sectional and pseudo-panel data. Analysis is conducted at both community and individual levels. SETTING: The analysis is run for the country of Ghana using data from 2008 and 2014. PARTICIPANTS: Individual-level and household-level data were obtained from Ghana's Demographic and Health Survey. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: The analysis measures the impact of mobile phone ownership on prejudice against people with HIV. Secondary outcomes are knowledge of HIV, which is included as a mediating element. RESULTS: Community-level analysis finds that a 10% increase in the share of mobile phone owners reduces the prevalence of discriminatory attitudes towards PLWH/AIDS by up to 3%. Results are consistent at the individual level. Additionally, mobile phone-enabled HIV knowledge is found to mediate about 26% of the effect of mobile phones on public stigma. CONCLUSIONS: These findings shed light on the role played by access to mobile technology on HIV-related stigma and discrimination and can support the development of future awareness raising and health communication campaigns in Ghana and other West African countries.


Assuntos
Telefone Celular , Infecções por HIV , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Gana/epidemiologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estigma Social , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia
9.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 19550, 2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36379973

RESUMO

Experiencing stigma related to having a child with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can be difficult and is detrimental to parent well-being. Since the research on stigmatized experiences among parents of children with ASD in non-Western communities is limited, this qualitative study examined the experiences, reactions and impacts of stigma on parents of children with ASD in Hong Kong. In-depth interviews were conducted with 54 Chinese parents/caregivers of children with ASD aged between 35 and 73 years old. Data were analyzed using an inductive approach. The participants reported stigma which stemmed from negative labelling of their children by schools and healthcare professionals, bullying by peers, stereotypes of ASD and stigma linked to autistic children's behavior in the community. The reactions of participants towards stigmatization were classified into internalizing reactions including apologizing, ignoring and concealing ASD and externalizing reactions such as fighting back. The participants also reported impacts of stigma on both personal and emotional levels. The results point to the urgent need for the government to allocate resources and make concerted efforts to reduce stigma by educating the community to foster more positive attitudes towards individuals with ASD and offer support and counselling services to parents.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista , Criança , Humanos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/psicologia , Pais/psicologia , Estigma Social , Cuidadores/psicologia , China
10.
Front Public Health ; 10: 1015023, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36408016

RESUMO

Social networks (SN) shape HIV risk behaviors and transmission. This study was performed to quantify research development, patterns, and trends in the use of SN in the field of HIV/AIDS, and used Global publications extracted from the Web of Science Core Collection database. Networks of countries, research disciplines, and most frequently used terms were visualized. The Latent Dirichlet Allocation method was used for topic modeling. A linear regression model was utilized to identify the trend of research development. During the period 1991-2019, in a total of 5,698 publications, topics with the highest volume of publications consisted of (1) mental disorders (16.1%); (2) HIV/sexually transmitted infections prevalence in key populations (9.9%); and (3) HIV-related stigma (9.3%). Discrepancies in the geographical distribution of publications were also observed. This study highlighted (1) the rapid growth of publications on a wide range of topics regarding SN in the field of HIV/AIDS, and (2) the importance of SN in HIV prevention, treatment, and care. The findings of this study suggest the need for interventions using SN and the improvement of research capacity via regional collaborations to reduce the HIV burden in low- and middle-income countries.


Assuntos
Bibliometria , Infecções por HIV , Humanos , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Estigma Social , Rede Social , Bases de Dados Factuais
11.
Prof Case Manag ; 28(1): 20-32, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36394858

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stigmatizing anyone during a pandemic poses a threat to everyone and can be an obstacle to disease treatment. The stigma around COVID-19 stems from the fact that it is a life-threatening disease and a lot is unknown about it. AIM: This study was conducted with the aim of analyzing and clarifying the concept of stigma in the context of COVID-19; determining its psychological and socio-psychological outcomes; enhancing understanding and recognition of features, antecedents, and consequences of the concept; and proposing an adequate definition for use in clinical practice or research. METHODS: Rodgers' evolutionary concept analysis was used. RESULTS/CONCLUSION: Stigma in the context of COVID-19 has antecedents, which include informational and psychological issues, media performance, and some governments' policies and actions to control COVID-19 pandemic. The attributes of COVID-19 stigma are subjective and variable, perceived, and/or experienced with interrelated intrapersonal, interpersonal, and structural or institutional dimensions that can be summarized as social stigma and self-stigma. The consequences of COVID-19 stigma are social isolation and psychological burden, physical and mental violence and harassment, hiding disease, and reduced care-seeking behavior. These results will extend the body of knowledge on theory and practice and also assists future researchers in many folds. IMPLICATIONS FOR CASE MANAGEMENT PRACTICE: These findings will be a major tool for the case manager/health care team, policy makers, and other human resource planning professionals to develop plans for preventing, combating, and stopping the COVID-19-related stigma.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Estigma Social , Humanos , Pandemias , Isolamento Social
12.
J Law Med Ethics ; 50(3): 443-455, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36398630

RESUMO

In this manuscript, "Intersectional Structural Stigma, Community Priorities, and Opportunities for Transgender Health Equity," Poteat and Simmons outline the legal and policy barriers that impede efforts to end the HIV epidemic among transgender people in the South. They present qualitative and quantitative data from a community engaged research study conducted with transgender adults and other key stakeholders as well as finding from an analysis of policies impacting transgender people in both states. Violence prevention and decriminalization are highlighted as key policy initiatives that would advance health equity for transgender people.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Equidade em Saúde , Pessoas Transgênero , Adulto , Humanos , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Estigma Social
13.
BMJ Open ; 12(11): e062569, 2022 11 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36385029

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Despite tremendous progress in care, people living with HIV (PLHIV) continue to experience HIV-related stigmatisation by nurses in non-HIV-specialised healthcare settings. This has consequences for the health of PLHIV and the spread of the virus. In the province of Quebec (Canada), only four interventions aimed at reducing the impact of HIV-related stigmatisation by nurses have been implemented since the beginning of the HIV pandemic. While mentoring and persuasion could be promising strategies, expression of fears of HIV could have deleterious effects on nurses' attitudes towards PLHIV. In literature reviews on stigma reduction interventions, the contextual elements in which these interventions have been implemented is not considered. In order to develop new interventions, we need to understand how the mechanisms (M) by which interventions (I) interact with contexts (C) produce their outcomes (O). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Realist synthesis (RS) was selected to formulate a programme theory that will rely on CIMO configuration to describe (1) nursing practices that may influence stigmatisation experiences by PLHIV in non-HIV-specialised healthcare settings, and (2) interventions that may promote the adoption of such practices by nurses. The RS will draw on the steps recommended by Pawson: clarify the scope of the review; search for evidence; appraise primary studies and extract data; synthesise evidence and draw conclusions. To allow an acute interpretation of the disparities between HIV-related stigmatisation experiences depending on people's serological status, an initial version of the programme theory will be formulated from data gathered from scientific and grey literature, and then consolidated through realist interviews with various stakeholders (PLHIV, nurses, community workers and researchers). ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethical approval for realist interviews will be sought following the initial programme theory design. We intend to share the final programme theory with intervention developers via scientific publications and recommendations to community organisations that counter HIV-related stigmatisation.


Assuntos
Atenção à Saúde , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Humanos , Estigma Social , Instalações de Saúde , Princípios Morais
14.
BMJ Open ; 12(11): e063870, 2022 11 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36396313

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We conducted a scoping review to identify the types, volume and characteristics of available evidence and analyse the gaps in the knowledge base for evaluated interventions to reduce contraception and abortion stigma. DESIGN: We conducted a search of five electronic databases to identify articles published between January 2000 and January 2022, and explored the websites of relevant organisations and grey literature databases for unpublished and non-commercial reports. Articles were assessed for eligibility, and data were extracted. DATA SOURCES: We searched MEDLINE, PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and PsycINFO. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Articles included were: (1) published between January 2000 and January 2022, (2) written in English, (3) reports of the evaluation of an intervention designed to reduce contraceptive and/or abortion stigma, (4) used any type of study design and (5) conducted in any country context. DATA EXTRACTION AND SYNTHESIS: Included studies were charted according to study location, study aim, study design, type of contraceptive method(s), study population, type of stigma, and intervention approach. RESULTS: Some 18 articles were included in the final analysis (11 quantitative, 6 qualitative and 1 mixed methods). Fourteen of the studies focused exclusively on abortion stigma, and two studies focused on contraception stigma only; while two studies considered both. A majority of the studies aimed to address intrapersonal stigma. We found no interventions designed to address stigma at the structural level. In terms of intervention approaches, seven were categorised as education/training/skills building, five as counselling/peer support, three as contact and three as media. CONCLUSION: There is a dearth of evaluations of interventions to reduce contraception and abortion stigma. Investment in implementation science is necessary to develop the evidence base and inform the development of effective interventions, and use existing stigma scales to evaluate effectiveness. This scoping review can serve as a precursor to systematic reviews assessing the effectiveness of approaches.


Assuntos
Aborto Induzido , Estigma Social , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Anticoncepção , Aconselhamento , Anticoncepcionais
15.
BMJ Open ; 12(11): e064993, 2022 11 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36396320

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Suicide loss survivors often find it challenging to access professional help due to social stigma despite being at a higher risk of developing suicidal behaviour and mental health problems. Most available grief interventions are professional-led and heavily rely on help-seeking behaviour. Self-healing is a growing alternative intervention that is still relatively under-researched for suicide-bereaved individuals. This scoping review aims to determine the extent to which self-healing research has been undertaken, how well all subpopulations and geographical areas are represented, the methodologies used and outcomes associated with self-healing practices in suicide-related grief. The research gap in this area will be highlighted to inform future study direction. METHOD AND ANALYSIS: The proposed review will be guided by the methodological framework proposed by Arksey and O'Malley in 2015. Articles will be retrieved from CINAHL, Embase, MEDLINE, PsycINFO and Web of Science. Peer-reviewed publications that provide data on self-healing practices within the context of suicide loss survivors will be included. The research team will screen the retrieved articles through a two-step screening process: (1) Title and abstract screening and (2) full-text screening. The reporting of the scoping review will be done following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for scoping reviews guideline. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study does not require ethical approval because it will synthesise information from available publications. Results of this scoping review will be submitted for publication to a peer-reviewed journal and potentially be presented at relevant conferences.


Assuntos
Suicídio , Humanos , Suicídio/prevenção & controle , Ideação Suicida , Estigma Social , Pesar , Sobreviventes , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Literatura de Revisão como Assunto
16.
Health Lit Res Pract ; 6(4): e270-e279, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36350237

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mental health first aid programs show promise in reducing stigma and increasing help-seeking. However, the success of these and other mental health interventions are likely affected by health literacy. Yet, health literacy is understudied in the mental health literature and rarely considered in mental health interventions. OBJECTIVE: This study explored the relationship between health literacy and mental health stigma, aversion to mental health help-seeking, and willingness to interact with individuals with mental illnesses. METHODS: Adults (N = 601, mean age = 45.64) completed online surveys of their health literacy and mental health attitudes and beliefs. Hierarchal linear regression models were estimated to examine the relationship between health literacy and mental health attitudes and beliefs. Path models were estimated to determine if stigma mediated the relationship between health literacy and (1) aversion to help-seeking and (2) willingness to interact with individuals with mental illnesses. KEY RESULTS: Adults with higher functional and communicative health literacy had lower mental health stigma and aversion to mental health help-seeking. Adults with higher communicative health literacy and empowerment were more willing to interact with individuals with mental illnesses. Mental health stigma partially mediated the relationships between communicative health literacy and aversion to mental health help-seeking and willingness to interact with individuals with mental illnesses. Mental health stigma fully mediated the relationships between functional health literacy and aversion to mental health help-seeking and willingness to interact with individuals with mental illnesses. CONCLUSIONS: Results support including health literacy in mental health interventions and reiterate addressing stigma in community and clinical settings. [HLRP: Health Literacy Research and Practice. 2022;6(4):e270-e279.] Plain Language Summary: Many adults with mental health problems do not get help because of negative beliefs about mental health. We found that adults with more skills for accessing, understanding, and using health information had fewer negative opinions and were more willing to interact with others with mental health problems. Improving those skills may reduce negative opinions about mental health and seeking help.


Assuntos
Letramento em Saúde , Saúde Mental , Adulto , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/psicologia , Estigma Social , Atitude Frente a Saúde
17.
Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy ; 17(1): 75, 2022 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36403019

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite increasing substance use globally, substance use treatment utilisation remains low. This study sought to explore and measure substance use treatment barriers among young adults in South Africa. METHODS: The study was done in collaboration with the Community-Oriented Substance Use Programme run in Tshwane, South Africa. A mixed methods approach employing focus group discussions with key informants (n = 15), a survey with a random sample of people using substances and receiving treatment (n = 206), and individual semi-structured interviews (n = 15) was used. Descriptive statistics and thematic analysis were used to analyse data. RESULTS: Contextual barriers seemed more prominent than attitudinal barriers in the South African context. Fragmented services, stigma-related factors, an information gap and lack of resources and support (contextual factors), perceived lack of treatment efficacy, privacy concerns, and denial and unreadiness to give up (attitudinal factors) were treatment barriers that emerged as themes in both quantitative and qualitative data. Culture and religion/spirituality emerged as an important barrier/facilitator theme in the qualitative data. CONCLUSION: Interventions need to embrace contextual factors such as culture, and more resources should be channelled towards substance use treatment. Multi-level stakeholder engagement is needed to minimise stigmatising behaviours from the community and to raise awareness of available treatment services. There is a need for strategies to integrate cultural factors, such as religion/spirituality and traditional healing, into treatment processes so that they complementarily work together with pharmacological treatments to improve health outcomes.


Assuntos
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Adulto Jovem , Humanos , África do Sul , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/terapia , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Estigma Social , Grupos Focais
18.
PLoS One ; 17(11): e0277384, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36367883

RESUMO

Within the literature, resilience is described as either a trait, an outcome or a process and no universal definition exists. A growing body of research shows that older LGBT+ adults show signs of resilience despite facing multiple inequalities that negatively impact their health and social wellbeing. The aim of this review was to examine how resilience is defined in LGBT+ ageing research and how it is studied. A mixed-study systematic search of peer-reviewed research papers published before June 2022 was conducted using the electronic databases CINAHL, Embase, Medline, PsycInfo, Social Science Database and Web of Science. This resulted in the screening of 7101 papers 27 of which matched the inclusion criteria. A quality appraisal was conducted using the Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool. Findings show that papers often lack a clear definition of resilience and application of resilience theory within the studies, although many of the papers conceptualised resilience as either a trait, process or an outcome. However, resilience was rarely the primary focus of the studies and was researched using a variety of measurement instruments and conceptual frameworks. Given the socioeconomic disparities, diverse social relations, histories of discrimination and stigma, and acts of resistance that have shaped the lives of older LGBT+ populations, resilience is a topic of growing interest for researchers and practitioners. Clear definitions of resilience and application of resilience theory could help improve methods used to study the concept and lead to more robust findings and the development of effective interventions. Greater clarity on the concept of resilience could also broaden the focus of research that informs policies and practice, and support practitioner training in resilience and the particular experiences of older LGBT+ adults.


Assuntos
Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Estigma Social , Humanos
19.
Sex Reprod Health Matters ; 30(1): 2129686, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36368036

RESUMO

Traditional family planning research has excluded Black and Latinx leaders, and little is known about medication abortion (MA) among racial/ethnic minorities, although it is an increasingly vital reproductive health service, particularly after the fall of Roe v. Wade. Reproductive justice (RJ) community-based organisation (CBO) SisterLove led a study on Black and Latinx women's MA perceptions and experiences in Georgia. From April 2019 to December 2020, we conducted key informant interviews with 20 abortion providers and CBO leaders and 32 in-depth interviews and 6 focus groups (n = 30) with Black and Latinx women. We analysed data thematically using a team-based, iterative approach of coding, memo-ing, and discussion. Participants described multilevel barriers to and strategies for MA access, wishing that "the process had a bit more humanity … [it] should be more holistic." Barriers included (1) sociocultural factors (intersectional oppression, intersectional stigma, and medical experimentation); (2) national and state policies; (3) clinic- and provider-related factors (lack of diverse clinic staff, long waiting times); and (4) individual-level factors (lack of knowledge and social support). Suggested solutions included (1) social media campaigns and story-sharing; (2) RJ-based policy advocacy; (3) diversifying clinic staff, offering flexible scheduling and fees, community integration of abortion, and RJ abortion funds; and (4) social support (including abortion doulas) and comprehensive sex education. Findings suggest that equitable MA access for Black and Latinx communities in the post-Roe era will require multi-level intervention, informed by community-led evidence production; holistic, de-medicalised, and human rights-based care models; and intersectional RJ policy advocacy.


Assuntos
Aborto Induzido , Gravidez , Humanos , Feminino , Georgia , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Estigma Social , Emoções
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36360917

RESUMO

Statistical data on the use of various psychoactive substances indicate a narrowing of previous differences in substance use between men and women. Data from studies conducted among women suffering from drug addiction are increasingly published, with the authors highlighting the specific needs of this group and the difficulties that women with addiction problems encounter. The current study aimed to identify the barriers and needs of this audience, both when seeking help and during treatment. The method used in the study was secondary content analysis. To identify publications describing the barriers and needs of women suffering from drug addiction, we searched the PubMed database to find publications that met the adopted research objective. We set the data search period to the last ten years to examine the timeliness of the issue under study. The search yielded 199 research reports. Twenty-three articles describing 21 studies were included in the final analysis. The selected publications dealt with the difficulties and challenges faced by women with addiction problems. Barriers to accessing treatment for this group, the needs, and the challenges of helping women suffering from addiction were identified. Results showed that the barriers are mainly stigma but also deficits in the therapeutic offerings for this group. The primary need was identified as the introduction of appropriate drug policies, and the challenges, unfortunately, are the still-reported gender inequalities. To improve the situation of women, regular attention to these issues and the need to include them in national health strategies is essential.


Assuntos
Comportamento Aditivo , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia , Estigma Social , Comportamento Aditivo/epidemiologia
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