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1.
Front Biosci (Landmark Ed) ; 26(10): 789-798, 2021 10 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34719206

RESUMO

Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has infected more than 210 million individuals globally and resulted in over 4 million deaths since the first report in December 2019. The early use of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for light and ordinary patients, can rapidly improve symptoms, shorten hospitalization days and reduce severe cases transformed from light and normal. Many TCM formulas and products have a wide application in treating infectious and non-infectious diseases. Polygonum cuspidatum Sieb. et Zucc. (P. cuspidatum), is an important Traditional Chinese Medicine with actions of clearing away heat and eliminating dampness, draining the gallbladder to relieve jaundice, removing blood stasis to alleviate pain, resolving phlegm and arrest cough. In the search for anti-SARS-CoV-2, P. cuspidatum was recommended as as a therapeutic drug of COVID-19 pneumonia.In this study, we aimed to identifies P. cuspidatum is the potential broad-spectrum inhibitor for the treatment of coronaviruses infections. Methods: In the present study , we infected human malignant embryonal rhabdomyoma (RD) cells with the OC43 strain of the coronavirus, which represent an alternative model for SARS-CoV-2 and then employed the cell viability assay kit for the antiviral activity. We combined computer aided virtual screening to predicte the binding site and employed Surface plasmon resonance analysis (SPR) to comfirm the interaction between drugs and coronavirus. We employed fluorescence resonance energy transfer technology to identify drug's inhibition in the proteolytic activity of 3CLpro and Plpro. Results: Based on our results, polydatin and resveratrol derived from P. cuspidatum significantly suppressed HCoV-OC43 replication. 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) values of polydatin inhibited SARS-CoV-2 Mpro and Plpro, MERS Mpro and Plpro were 18.66, 125, 14.6 and 25.42 µm, respectively. IC50 values of resveratrol inhibited SARS-CoV-2 Mpro and Plpro, MERS Mpro and Plpro were 29.81 ,60.86, 16.35 and19.04 µM, respectively. Finally, SPR assay confirmed that polydatin and resveratrol had high affinity to SARS-CoV-2, SARS-CoV 3Clpro, MERS-CoV 3Clpro and PLpro protein. Conclusions: we identified the antiviral activity of flavonoids polydatin and resveratrol on RD cells. Polydatin and resveratrol were found to be specific and selective inhibitors for SARS-CoV-2, 3CLpro and PLpro, viral cysteine proteases. In summary, this study identifies P. cuspidatum as the potential broad-spectrum inhibitor for the treatment of coronaviruses infections.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Fallopia japonica/química , Glucosídeos/farmacologia , Resveratrol/farmacologia , SARS-CoV-2/efeitos dos fármacos , Estilbenos/farmacologia , Replicação Viral/efeitos dos fármacos , Antivirais/farmacologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , COVID-19/virologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Glucosídeos/metabolismo , Células HEK293 , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Pandemias , Ligação Proteica , Resveratrol/metabolismo , SARS-CoV-2/metabolismo , SARS-CoV-2/fisiologia , Estilbenos/metabolismo , Ressonância de Plasmônio de Superfície/métodos , Proteínas Virais/metabolismo
2.
Molecules ; 26(19)2021 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34641529

RESUMO

Neurodegenerative diseases (NDDs) are one of the leading causes of death and disability in humans. From a mechanistic perspective, the complexity of pathophysiological mechanisms contributes to NDDs. Therefore, there is an urgency to provide novel multi-target agents towards the simultaneous modulation of dysregulated pathways against NDDs. Besides, their lack of effectiveness and associated side effects have contributed to the lack of conventional therapies as suitable therapeutic agents. Prevailing reports have introduced plant secondary metabolites as promising multi-target agents in combating NDDs. Polydatin is a natural phenolic compound, employing potential mechanisms in fighting NDDs. It is considered an auspicious phytochemical in modulating neuroinflammatory/apoptotic/autophagy/oxidative stress signaling mediators such as nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)/antioxidant response elements (ARE), matrix metalloproteinase (MMPs), interleukins (ILs), phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt), and the extracellular regulated kinase (ERK)/mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK). Accordingly, polydatin potentially counteracts Alzheimer's disease, cognition/memory dysfunction, Parkinson's disease, brain/spinal cord injuries, ischemic stroke, and miscellaneous neuronal dysfunctionalities. The present study provides all of the neuroprotective mechanisms of polydatin in various NDDs. Additionally, the novel delivery systems of polydatin are provided regarding increasing its safety, solubility, bioavailability, and efficacy, as well as developing a long-lasting therapeutic concentration of polydatin in the central nervous system, possessing fewer side effects.


Assuntos
Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/métodos , Glucosídeos/farmacologia , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/tratamento farmacológico , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Estilbenos/farmacologia , Animais , Transtornos Cognitivos/tratamento farmacológico , Glucosídeos/administração & dosagem , Glucosídeos/química , Glucosídeos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/administração & dosagem , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/química , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/uso terapêutico , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/tratamento farmacológico , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/fisiopatologia , Estilbenos/administração & dosagem , Estilbenos/química , Estilbenos/uso terapêutico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico
3.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(19)2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34638937

RESUMO

Acute myeloid leukemia is characterized by uncontrolled clonal proliferation of abnormal myeloid progenitor cells. Despite recent advances in the treatment of this disease, the prognosis and overall long-term survival for patients remain poor, which drives the search for new chemotherapeutics and treatment strategies. Piceatannol, a polyphenolic compound present in grapes and wine, appears to be a promising chemotherapeutic agent in the treatment of leukemia. The aim of the present study was to examine whether piceatannol induces autophagy and/or apoptosis in HL-60 human acute myeloid leukemia cells and whether HL-60 cells are able to acquire resistance to piceatannol toxicity. We found that piceatannol at the IC90 concentration of 14 µM did not induce autophagy in HL-60 cells. However, it induced caspase-dependent apoptosis characterized by phosphatidylserine externalization, disruption of the mitochondrial membrane potential, caspase-3 activation, internucleosomal DNA fragmentation, PARP1 cleavage, chromatin condensation, and fragmentation of cell nuclei. Our findings also imply that HL-60 cells are able to acquire resistance to piceatannol toxicity via mechanisms related to MRP1 activity. Our results suggest that the use of piceatannol as a potential chemotherapeutic agent may be associated with the risk of multidrug resistance, warranting its use in combination with other chemotherapeutic agents.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos/efeitos dos fármacos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/metabolismo , Resveratrol/análogos & derivados , Estilbenos/farmacologia , Membro 1 da Subfamília B de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos/química , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Fragmentação do DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Células HL-60 , Humanos , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Estrutura Molecular , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Estilbenos/química
4.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(41): 12219-12229, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34632761

RESUMO

Foods contaminated by harmful substances such as bacteria and viruses have caused more than 200 kinds of diseases, ranging from diarrhea to cancer. Among them, Bacillus cereus (B. cereus) is a foodborne pathogen that commonly contaminates raw meat, fresh vegetables, rice, and uncooked food. The current chemical preservatives may have adverse effects on food and even human health. Therefore, natural antibacterial agents are sought after as alternative preservatives. Stilbene compounds, including pterostilbene (PT), pinostilbene (PS), and piceatannol (PIC), which have many health benefits and exhibit antibacterial activity, were tested against B. cereus. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) and minimum bactericidal concentrations (MBCs) of PT, PS, and PIC against B. cereus ranged from 25 to 100 µg/mL. From the time-kill curve assay, PT reduced B. cereus cell survival, increased intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), and induced apoptosis-like cell death (ALD) in a dose-dependent manner. The quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) results confirmed that treatment with PT induced genetic changes related to ALD, such as an increase in RecA gene expression and a decrease in LexA gene expression. In addition, PT showed a beneficial effect on the gut microbiota that increased the abundance of Bacteroidetes and lowered the abundance of Firmicutes. Taken together, our results showed that PT has antibacterial effects against B. cereus via ALD and is beneficial for promoting healthy gut microbiota that is worthy for the development of antibacterial agents for the food industry.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Estilbenos , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Apoptose , Bacillus cereus , Morte Celular , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Humanos , Estilbenos/farmacologia
5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(18)2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34576196

RESUMO

With the recent advancement of genetic screening for testing susceptibility to mammary oncogenesis in women, the relevance of the gene-environment interaction has become progressively apparent in the context of aberrant gene expressions. Fetal exposure to external stressors, hormones, and nutrients, along with the inherited genome, impact its traits, including cancer susceptibility. Currently, there is increasing interest in the role of epigenetic biomarkers such as genomic methylation signatures, plasma microRNAs, and alterations in cell-signaling pathways in the diagnosis and primary prevention of breast cancer, as well as its prognosis. Polyphenols like natural stilbenes have been shown to be effective in chemoprevention by exerting cytotoxic effects that can stall cell proliferation. Besides possessing antioxidant properties against the DNA-damaging effects of reactive oxygen species, stilbenes have also been observed to modulate cell-signaling pathways. With the increasing trend of early-life screening for hereditary breast cancer risks, the potency of different phytochemicals in harnessing the epigenetic biomarkers of breast cancer risk demand more investigation. This review will explore means of exploiting the abilities of stilbenes in altering the underlying factors that influence breast cancer risk, as well as the appearance of associated biomarkers.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Estilbenos/farmacologia , Animais , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Epigenômica , Feminino , Humanos , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Polifenóis/metabolismo
6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(17)2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34502426

RESUMO

Radiotherapy is among the most important methods for breast cancer treatment. However, this method's effectiveness is limited by radioresistance. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the stilbene derivatives piceid, resveratrol, and piceatannol have a radiosensitising effect on breast cancer cells (MCF-7). The conducted research enabled us to determine which of the tested compounds has the greatest potential in sensitising cells to ionising radiation (IR). Among the stilbene derivatives, resveratrol significantly increased the effect of IR. Resveratrol and IR used in combination had a higher cytotoxic effect on MCF-7 cells than using piceatannol, piceid, or radiation alone. This was due to a significant decrease in the activity of antioxidant enzymes, which resulted in the accumulation of formed reactive oxygen species (ROS). The effect of resveratrol and IR enhanced the expression of apoptotic genes, such as Bax, p53, and caspase 8, leading to apoptosis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Glucosídeos/farmacologia , Tolerância a Radiação/efeitos dos fármacos , Radiação Ionizante , Resveratrol , Estilbenos/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Resveratrol/análogos & derivados , Resveratrol/farmacologia
7.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(33): 9520-9528, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34382783

RESUMO

Gray mold, caused by Botrytis cinerea, is one of the most destructive fungal diseases in crops, responsible for significant economic losses. In search of natural product-based fungicides, we designed and synthesized a series of novel 3,4-dichlorophenyl isoxazole-substituted stilbene derivatives, and their in vivo antifungal activities against B. cinerea were evaluated. The results indicated that some of the target molecules demonstrated remarkable efficiency for the control of tomato gray mold. In particular, compound 5r displayed the highest fungicidal potency with an inhibition rate of 56.11% comparable to that of positive control boscalid (66.96%). Moreover, a hologram quantitative structure-activity relationship (HQSAR) model with good predictive capability was developed to provide in-depth insight into the activity profiles of these compounds. Preliminary mechanism studies suggested that compound 5r might exert its antifungal effect by changing hyphal morphology and increasing the membrane permeability. The present study contributes to the development of natural stilbene derivatives as alternative bioactive agents against B. cinerea.


Assuntos
Fungicidas Industriais , Estilbenos , Botrytis , Fungicidas Industriais/farmacologia , Isoxazóis , Doenças das Plantas , Relação Quantitativa Estrutura-Atividade , Estilbenos/farmacologia
8.
Biomolecules ; 11(7)2021 07 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34356672

RESUMO

In the search for new therapeutic strategies to contrast SARS-CoV-2, we here studied the interaction of polydatin (PD) and resveratrol (RESV)-two natural stilbene polyphenols with manifold, well known biological activities-with Spike, the viral protein essential for virus entry into host cells, and ACE2, the angiotensin-converting enzyme present on the surface of multiple cell types (including respiratory epithelial cells) which is the main host receptor for Spike binding. Molecular Docking simulations evidenced that both compounds can bind Spike, ACE2 and the ACE2:Spike complex with good affinity, although the interaction of PD appears stronger than that of RESV on all the investigated targets. Preliminary biochemical assays revealed a significant inhibitory activity of the ACE2:Spike recognition with a dose-response effect only in the case of PD.


Assuntos
Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/metabolismo , COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , Glucosídeos/farmacologia , Resveratrol/farmacologia , SARS-CoV-2/efeitos dos fármacos , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/metabolismo , Estilbenos/farmacologia , COVID-19/metabolismo , Descoberta de Drogas , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Ligação Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , SARS-CoV-2/metabolismo
9.
FASEB J ; 35(9): e21778, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34383971

RESUMO

As a result of the relatively few available antifungals and the increasing frequency of resistance to them, the development of novel antifungals is increasingly important. The plant natural product poacic acid (PA) inhibits ß-1,3-glucan synthesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and has antifungal activity against a wide range of plant pathogens. However, the mode of action of PA is unclear. Here, we reveal that PA specifically binds to ß-1,3-glucan, its affinity for which is ~30-fold that for chitin. Besides its effect on ß-1,3-glucan synthase activity, PA inhibited the yeast glucan-elongating activity of Gas1 and Gas2 and the chitin-glucan transglycosylase activity of Crh1. Regarding the cellular response to PA, transcriptional co-regulation was mediated by parallel activation of the cell-wall integrity (CWI) and high-osmolarity glycerol signaling pathways. Despite targeting ß-1,3-glucan remodeling, the transcriptional profiles and regulatory circuits activated by caspofungin, zymolyase, and PA differed, indicating that their effects on CWI have different mechanisms. The effects of PA on the growth of yeast strains indicated that it has a mode of action distinct from that of echinocandins, suggesting it is a unique antifungal agent.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Parede Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácidos Cumáricos/farmacologia , Glicerol/metabolismo , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/efeitos dos fármacos , Estilbenos/farmacologia , Transcrição Genética/efeitos dos fármacos , beta-Glucanas/farmacologia , Caspofungina/farmacologia , Parede Celular/genética , Parede Celular/metabolismo , Quitina/farmacologia , Equinocandinas/farmacologia , Proteínas Fúngicas/genética , Regulação Fúngica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação Fúngica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Concentração Osmolar , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Transcrição Genética/genética
10.
Viruses ; 13(7)2021 07 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34372541

RESUMO

The current COVID-19 pandemic is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and has an enormous impact on human health and economy. In search for therapeutic options, researchers have proposed resveratrol, a food supplement with known antiviral, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant properties as an advantageous antiviral therapy for SARS-CoV-2 infection. Here, we provide evidence that both resveratrol and its metabolically more stable structural analog, pterostilbene, exhibit potent antiviral properties against SARS-CoV-2 in vitro. First, we show that resveratrol and pterostilbene antiviral activity in African green monkey kidney cells. Both compounds actively inhibit virus replication within infected cells as reduced virus progeny production was observed when the compound was added at post-inoculation conditions. Without replenishment of the compound, antiviral activity was observed up to roughly five rounds of replication, demonstrating the long-lasting effect of these compounds. Second, as the upper respiratory tract represents the initial site of SARS-CoV-2 replication, we also assessed antiviral activity in air-liquid interface (ALI) cultured human primary bronchial epithelial cells, isolated from healthy volunteers. Resveratrol and pterostilbene showed a strong antiviral effect in these cells up to 48 h post-infection. Collectively, our data indicate that resveratrol and pterostilbene are promising antiviral compounds to inhibit SARS-CoV-2 infection. Because these results represent laboratory findings in cells, we advocate evaluation of these compounds in clinical trials before statements are made whether these drugs are advantageous for COVID-19 treatment.


Assuntos
Brônquios/virologia , COVID-19/virologia , Células Epiteliais/virologia , Resveratrol/farmacologia , SARS-CoV-2/efeitos dos fármacos , Estilbenos/farmacologia , Replicação Viral/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antivirais/farmacologia , COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Linhagem Celular , Células Cultivadas , Chlorocebus aethiops , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , SARS-CoV-2/fisiologia , Células Vero
11.
Molecules ; 26(16)2021 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34443427

RESUMO

Pterostilbene, a natural metabolite of resveratrol, has been indicated as a potent anticancer molecule. Recently, several pterostilbene derivatives have been reported to exhibit better anticancer activities than that of the parent pterostilbene molecule. In the present study, a series of pterostilbene derivatives were designed and synthesized by the hybridization of pterostilbene, chalcone, and cinnamic acid. The cytotoxic effect of these hybrid molecules was determined using two oral cancer cell lines, HSC-3 and OECM-1. (E)-3-(2-((E)-4-Hydroxystyryl)-4,6-dimethoxyphenyl)-1-(2-methoxyphenyl)prop-2-en-1-one (4d), with IC50 of 16.38 and 18.06 µM against OECM-1 and HSC-3, respectively, was selected for further anticancer mechanism studies. Results indicated that compound 4d effectively inhibited cell proliferation and induced G2/M cell cycle arrest via modulating p21, cyclin B1, and cyclin A2. Compound 4d ultimately induced cell apoptosis by reducing the expression of Bcl-2 and surviving. In addition, cleavage of PARP and caspase-3 were enhanced following the treatment of compound 4d with increased dose. To conclude, a number of pterostilbene derivatives were discovered to possess potent anticancer potentials. Among them, compound 4d was the most active, more active than the parent pterostilbene.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Chalcona/farmacologia , Estilbenos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Caspases/metabolismo , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Chalcona/química , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Ativação Enzimática/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases/metabolismo , Estilbenos/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
12.
Fitoterapia ; 154: 105018, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34450202

RESUMO

Twenty-two flavonoids and stilbenes (1-22) were obtained from the leaf of Morus alba var. multicaulis. Among them, morusalbanosides A (1), B1 (2), and B2 (3) were new compounds. Moreover, compounds 1, 3, 4-11, 15-18, and 22 displayed inhibitory effects on triglyceride (TG) accumulation in HepG2 cells in a concentration dependent manner. Furthermore, compounds 1, 3, 11, and 22 could activate the phosphorylation of AMP-activated protein kinase α (AMPKα), reduce the synthesis of TG by inhibiting the expression of fatty acid synthase (FAS) and stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 (SCD1). While, only compounds 1 and 11 could promote the phosphorylation of acetyl-CoA carboxylase 1 (ACC1) and accelerate the oxidation of fatty acids by up-regulating carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1A (CPT1A). In brief, this study found that most of the researched flavonoids and stilbenes could regulate TG metabolism in vitro. They might play the role by up-regulating phosphorylation of AMPKα, inhibiting TG biosynthesis, and promoting the oxidation of fatty acids.


Assuntos
Flavonoides/farmacologia , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Morus/química , Estilbenos/farmacologia , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/metabolismo , China , Flavonoides/isolamento & purificação , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Folhas de Planta/química , Estilbenos/isolamento & purificação , Triglicerídeos/metabolismo
13.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 39(4): 413-418, 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34409796

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study the antitumor effect of piceatannol (PIC) on malignant melanoma in vitro and in vivo. METHODS: B16F10 cells were cultured in vitro and treated with gradient concentrations of PIC. Cell viability was detected with methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay; matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, MMP-9, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk), and p-Syk were detected with Western blot; migration ability was detected with wound healing assay; invasion ability was detected with Transwell assay. Syk expression was suppressed through RNA interference for the detection of the possible mechanism of PIC in melanoma. An in vivo study was established by creating B16F10-bearing mice with intraperitoneal injection of PIC. RESULTS: The cell viability of B16F10 decreased with increasing PIC concentration. The results of the Transwell assay showed that invasion ability decreased with increasing PIC concentration, and healing time was prolonged at increased PIC concentration in the wound healing assay. Western blot results showed that PIC mainly inhibited the phosphorylation of Syk and inhibited the expression of MMP-2, MMP-9, and VEGF. RNA interference pointed out that blocking the expression of Syk can reveal the same inhibition effect on B16F10 cells as PIC. In vivo study revealed that different concentrations of PIC cangreatly inhibit melanoma progression. CONCLUSIONS: PIC might block the progression of malignant melanoma by inhibiting spleen tyrosine kinase.


Assuntos
Melanoma , Estilbenos , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz , Melanoma/tratamento farmacológico , Camundongos , Invasividade Neoplásica , Estilbenos/farmacologia , Quinase Syk , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular
14.
J Biochem Mol Toxicol ; 35(9): e22837, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34227182

RESUMO

Rhaponticin is a constituent isolated from numerous medicinal herbs. It has been reported earlier that rhaponticin possesses numerous biological effects like antiallergic, antidiabetic, hepatoprotective, and antithrombosis. The goal of this exploration was to scrutinize the therapeutic potential of rhaponticin on ovariectomy (OVX)-triggered osteoporosis in rats. Female Sprague Dawley rats were arbitrarily allocated to a sham-operated control group I, group II, which underwent OVX, and groups III and IV that underwent OVX were administered with rhaponticin (10 and 20 mg/kg). Rhaponticin was supplemented orally after 4 weeks of OVX and continued for about 16 weeks. Our findings exhibit that rhaponticin prevented the BMD diminution of femurs, induced by OVX, and protected the worsening of trabecular microarchitecture that are assisted through a noteworthy decline in skeletal remodeling as noticed through the diminished status of bone markers in a dose-dependent manner (10 and 20 mg/kg). OVX rats treated with rhaponticin efficiently enhanced body weight, lipid profiles, uterine index, bone turnover markers, inflammatory markers, and augmented the incidence of calcium in the OVX rats. Rhaponticin was established to restrain the functions of acid phosphatase, estradiol, and bone gla protein in OVX rats. Also, rhaponticin displayed some beneficial effects on histomorphometric and histopathological examination. It was observed that tabular area and thickness were reinstated in sham control and rhaponticin-treated OVX rats. We recognized that rhaponticin did not induce a damaging outcome on the skeletal organization of OVX rats. Moreover, we denote that rhaponticin can be an exceptional agent for the treatment and deal with associated bone diseases.


Assuntos
Densidade Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteoporose/prevenção & controle , Ovariectomia , Estilbenos/farmacologia , Animais , Osso Esponjoso/metabolismo , Osso Esponjoso/patologia , Feminino , Osteoporose/metabolismo , Osteoporose/patologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
15.
Fitoterapia ; 153: 104997, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34302917

RESUMO

Eight new stilbene dimer xylosides (1-8) and one new flavanol (9), along with seven known ones (10-16) were isolated from the roots of Lysidice rhodostegia. Their structures were elucidated by extensive analysis of spectroscopic data (IR, UV, HR-ESI-MS, 1D and 2D NMR), ECD calculations and acid hydrolysis. Compounds 1-16 were evaluated for their antioxidant activities using DPPH radical-scavenging assay. Especially, compounds 9 and 10 exhibited stronger antioxidant effects than the positive control (vitamin E), with IC50 values of 9.57 ± 1.30 and 13.60 ± 1.47 µM, respectively.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Fabaceae/química , Glicosídeos/farmacologia , Polifenóis/farmacologia , Estilbenos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/isolamento & purificação , China , Glicosídeos/isolamento & purificação , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Raízes de Plantas/química , Polifenóis/isolamento & purificação , Estilbenos/isolamento & purificação
16.
Eur J Med Chem ; 224: 113691, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34274830

RESUMO

The Staphylococcus aureus can switch to a transient genotype-invariant dormancy, known as a persister, to survive treatment with high doses of antibiotics. This transient persister is an important reason underlying its resistance. There is an urgent need to find new antibacterial agents capable of eradicating methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) persisters. In this study, 37 new derivatives of cajaninstilbene acid (CSA) were designed and synthesized, and their biological activity against MRSA persisters was evaluated. Most of the newly synthesized derivatives exhibit more potent antimicrobial properties against S. aureus and MRSA than CSA itself, and 23 of the 37 derivatives show a tendency to eradicate MRSA persisters. A representative compound (A6) was demonstrated to target bacterial cell membranes. It eradicated the adherent biofilm of MRSA in a concentration dependent manner, and showed a synergistic antibacterial effect with piperacilin. In a model mouse abscess caused by MRSA persisters, A6 effectively reduced the bacterial load in vivo. These results indicate that A6 is a potential candidate for treatment of MRSA persister infections.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/síntese química , Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Salicilatos/química , Estilbenos/química , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Parede Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/efeitos dos fármacos , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/fisiologia , Camundongos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Células RAW 264.7 , Salicilatos/farmacologia , Salicilatos/uso terapêutico , Dermatopatias/tratamento farmacológico , Dermatopatias/patologia , Infecções Estafilocócicas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Estafilocócicas/patologia , Staphylococcus aureus/fisiologia , Estilbenos/farmacologia , Estilbenos/uso terapêutico , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
17.
Molecules ; 26(14)2021 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34299485

RESUMO

Oxyresveratrol has recently attracted much research attention due to its simple chemical structure and diverse therapeutic potentials. Previous reviews describe the chemistry and biological activities of this phytoalexin, but additional coverage and greater accessibility are still needed. The current review provides a more comprehensive summary, covering research from 1955 to the present year. Oxyresveratrol occurs in both gymnosperms and angiosperms. However, it has never been reported in plants in the subclass Sympetalae, and this point might be of both chemotaxonomic and biosynthetic importance. Oxyresveratrol can be easily obtained from plant materials by conventional methods, and several systems for both qualitative and quantitative analysis of oxyresveratrol contents in plant materials and plant products are available. Oxyresveratrol possesses diverse biological and pharmacological activities such as the inhibition of tyrosinase and melanogenesis, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities, and protective effects against neurological disorders and digestive ailments. However, the unfavorable pharmacokinetic properties of oxyresveratrol, including low water solubility and poor oral availability and stability, have posed challenges to its development as a useful therapeutic agent. Recently, several delivery systems have emerged, with promising outcomes that may improve chances for the clinical study of oxyresveratrol.


Assuntos
Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacocinética , Estilbenos/farmacologia , Estilbenos/farmacocinética , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacocinética , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacocinética , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/métodos , Humanos , Monofenol Mono-Oxigenase/metabolismo
18.
Molecules ; 26(14)2021 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34299623

RESUMO

Oxyresveratrol, a polyphenol extracted from the plant Artocarpus lakoocha Roxb, has been reported to be an antioxidant and an oxygen-free radical scavenger. We investigated whether oxyresveratrol affects the generation of superoxide anion (O2-) by human monocytes, which are powerful reactive oxygen species (ROS) producers. We found that oxyresveratrol inhibited the O2- production induced upon stimulation of monocytes with ß-glucan, a well known fungal immune cell activator. We then investigated whether the inclusion of oxyresveratrol into nanoparticles could modulate its effects on O2- release. We synthesized poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles, and we assessed their effects on monocytes. We found that empty PLGA nanoparticles induced O2- production by resting monocytes and enhanced the formation of this radical in ß-glucan-stimulated monocytes. Interestingly, the insertion of oxyresveratrol into PLGA nanoparticles significantly inhibited the O2- production elicited by unloaded nanoparticles in resting monocytes as well as the synergistic effect of nanoparticles and ß-glucan. Our results indicate that oxyresveratrol is able to inhibit ROS production by activated monocytes, and its inclusion into PLGA nanoparticles mitigates the oxidative effects due to the interaction between these nanoparticles and resting monocytes. Moreover, oxyresveratrol can contrast the synergistic effects of nanoparticles with fungal agents that could be present in the patient tissues. Therefore, oxyresveratrol is a natural compound able to make PLGA nanoparticles more biocompatible.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Radicais Livres/metabolismo , Monócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Nanopartículas/química , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Copolímero de Ácido Poliláctico e Ácido Poliglicólico/química , Estilbenos/química , Estilbenos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Artocarpus/química , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Monócitos/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
19.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 14862, 2021 07 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34290382

RESUMO

Cell proliferation and cell death abnormalities are strongly linked to the development of cancer, including lung cancer. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of pterostilbene on cell proliferation and cell death via cell cycle arrest during the transition from G1 to S phase and the p53 pathway. A total of 24 female Balb/C mice were randomly categorized into four groups (n = 6): N-nitroso-tris-chloroethyl urea (NTCU) induced SCC of the lungs, vehicle control, low dose of 10 mg/kg PS + NTCU (PS10), and high dose of 50 mg/kg PS + NTCU (PS50). At week 26, all lungs were harvested for immunohistochemistry and Western blotting analysis. Ki-67 expression is significantly lower, while caspase-3 expression is significantly higher in PS10 and PS50 as compared to the NTCU (p < 0.05). There was a significant decrease in cyclin D1 and cyclin E2 protein expression in PS10 and PS50 when compared to the NTCU (p < 0.05). PS50 significantly increased p53, p21, and p27 protein expression when compared to NTCU (p < 0.05). Pterostilbene is a potential chemoprevention agent for lung SCC as it has the ability to upregulate the p53/p21 pathway, causing cell cycle arrest.


Assuntos
Anticarcinógenos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/genética , Pontos de Checagem da Fase G1 do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Pontos de Checagem da Fase G1 do Ciclo Celular/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Estilbenos/farmacologia , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Ciclina D1/genética , Ciclina D1/metabolismo , Ciclinas/genética , Ciclinas/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Feminino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Cima/genética
20.
Chem Biol Interact ; 345: 109490, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34144024

RESUMO

The uncontrol respiratory burst in neutrophils can lead to inflammation and tissue damage. This study investigates the effect and the underlying mechanism of ε-viniferin, a lignan from the root of Vitis thunbergii var. thunbergii, inhibits N-formyl-L-methionyl-L-leucyl-l-phenylalanine (fMLP) induced respiratory burst by antagonizing formyl peptide receptor 1 in human neutrophils. Briefly, ε-viniferin specifically inhibited fMLP (0.1 µM: formyl peptide receptor 1 agonist or 1 µM: formyl peptide receptor 1, 2 agonist)-induced superoxide anion production in a concentration-dependent manner (IC50 = 2.30 ± 0.96 or 9.80 ± 0.21 µM, respectively) without affecting this induced by formyl peptide receptor 2 agonist (WKYMVM). ε-viniferin inhibited fMLP (0.1 µM)-induced phosphorylation of ERK, Akt, Src or intracellular calcium mobilization without affecting these caused by WKYMVM. The synergistic suppression of fMLP (1 µM)-induced superoxide anion production was observed only in the combination of ε-viniferin and formyl peptide receptor 2 antagonist (WRW4) but not in combination of ε-viniferin and formyl peptide receptor 1 antagonist (cyclosporine H). ε-viniferin inhibited FITC-fMLP binding to formyl peptide receptors. Moreover, the synergistic suppression of FITC-fMLP binding was observation only in the combination of ε-viniferin and WRW4 but not in other combinations. ATPγS induced superoxide anion production through formyl peptide receptor 1 in fMLP desensitized neutrophils and this effect was inhibited by ε-viniferin. The concentration-response curve of fMLP-induced superoxide anion was not parallel shifted by ε-viniferin. Furthermore, the inhibiting effect of ε-viniferin on fMLP-induced superoxide anion production was reversible. These results suggest that ε-viniferin is an antagonist of formyl peptide receptor 1 in a reversible and non-competitive manner.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Benzofuranos/farmacologia , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Neutrófilos/efeitos dos fármacos , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Receptores de Formil Peptídeo/antagonistas & inibidores , Estilbenos/farmacologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Cálcio/metabolismo , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Humanos , Oligopeptídeos/química , Oligopeptídeos/farmacologia , Superóxidos/metabolismo
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