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2.
Work ; 67(4): 767-769, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33325427

RESUMO

The potential ramifications of the COVID-19 pandemic global shut down on physical education providers and youth sport coaches may be particularly severe due to substantial cutbacks on many of their normal activities. This population faces unique challenges in engaging in "virtual learning" given the physical nature of their job, potentially leading to sedentary lifestyle, weight gain, and the development of depressive mood disorders. This commentary aims to explore options to mitigate worsening of stress, depression, physical inactivity, and social disconnection in youth sport coaches following the guidelines of the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) and to call attention to this vulnerable demographic which has been substantially impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
/prevenção & controle , Tutoria , Educação Física e Treinamento , Quarentena , Esportes Juvenis/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Depressão/prevenção & controle , Dieta Saudável , Humanos , Estresse Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Pandemias , Comportamento Sedentário , Isolamento Social
4.
BMC Med Inform Decis Mak ; 20(1): 321, 2020 12 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33272279

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to address the working population with an occupational stress prevention program using mHealth solution and encourage them for healthy lifestyle choices. METHODS: Seventeen participants were randomized from the corporate setting. A 24alife app with a good compliance program was selected. Test battery has been designed to test the physical readiness, psychological evaluation and biological blood markers for stress. Participants were followed up after 30, 60 and 90 days, respectively, within the intervention period. Weight of participants was tracked three times per month. Univariate analysis compared the continuous variables by One-Way Repeated-Measures ANOVA test when the data were normally distributed, or Wilcoxon rank sum test for abnormal distribution of variables. RESULTS: Participants used the app with a compliance rate of 94.1%. The psychological evaluation revealed higher motivation for work, lower burnout scores and participants gave subjective responses of better general wellbeing. Some of the participants lost up to four kg of body mass. Physical readiness has also improved. CONCLUSIONS: Results of mHealth projects on corporate could include primary health care institutions and health ministry to extend the existing system to patients' pockets where they can monitor their disease and increase the ability of self-care.


Assuntos
Saúde Mental , Saúde do Trabalhador , Estresse Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Estilo de Vida Saudável , Humanos , Motivação , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Projetos Piloto , Autocuidado , Telemedicina
5.
Nurs Open ; 7(6): 1902-1908, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33346408

RESUMO

AIM: To explore an effective personalized training model for nurses working in emergency isolation wards of COVID-19 in a short period. DESIGN: This study is a longitudinal study from 24 January 2020 to 28 February 2020. METHODS: There are 71 nursing staff working in the emergency isolation wards of Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital that participated in this study. The questionnaires were conducted with Likert scale. The operation assessment teachers have received standardized training. The self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) and self-rating depression Scale (SDS) were applied to assess the mental state of nurses. RESULTS: After short-term training, these nurses can handle the emergency tasks in a timely manner. The pass rate of nurse theory and operation assessment is 100%. The 111 suspected patients admitted to the emergency isolation ward have been scientifically diagnosed and treated, the three confirmed patients have received appropriate treatment. No nurses have been infected. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, the personalized emergency training mode was feasible in the emergency isolation ward during the COVID-19 epidemic, which rapidly improved the rescue ability of nurses and effectively avoid the occurrence of cross-infection. This mode can provide a valuable reference for the emergency training of nurses in the future.


Assuntos
/enfermagem , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/organização & administração , Hospitais de Isolamento/organização & administração , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/educação , Adulto , China , Feminino , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/organização & administração , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Pandemias , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33255460

RESUMO

Stress and mental health at work are the leading causes of long-term sickness absence in the UK, with chronically poor working conditions impacting employee physiological and psychological health. Social workers play a significant part in the fabric of UK society, but have one of the most stressful occupations in the country. The aim of this project was to work with UK social workers to co-develop, implement, and evaluate a series of smartphone-based mental health initiatives. A Participatory Action Research (PAR) approach, consisting of semi-structured interviews and focus group and steering group discussions, was utilized to design the mental health and well-being interventions. Study efficacy was evaluated via a pre- and post-intervention survey and post-intervention semi-structured interviews. Interventions developed were psycho-educational, improved top-down and bottom-up communication, and provided access to a Vocational Rehabilitation Assistant for those struggling and at risk of sickness absence. Six months following dissemination, surveys demonstrated significant improvements in communication, and mean score improvements in four other working conditions. This project, therefore, demonstrates that co-developed initiatives can be positively impactful, despite post-intervention data collection being impacted by COVID-19. Future studies should build upon these findings and broaden the PAR approach nationally while taking a robust approach to evaluation.


Assuntos
Assistência à Saúde/métodos , Saúde Mental , Aplicativos Móveis , Estresse Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Assistentes Sociais/psicologia , Humanos , Pandemias , Smartphone , Reino Unido
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33233750

RESUMO

Overcoming the impact of the coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) on primary schools is an emerging need and priority in the current social welfare system. Accordingly, this study presents an empirical learning package to support teachers, who perform frontline work in schools, in coping with stress, preventing burnout, improving their information and communications technology (ICT) competency, and introducing the principles of emotional intelligence (EI) in the classroom. The participants included 141 primary school teachers (M = 38.4 years, SD = 6.84; 54.6% women). They were randomly assigned to an experimental or control group. The experimental group participated in the 14-week teacher training program, whereas the control group did not participate in the program or receive any other training during the intervention. Repeated-measures analysis of variance (time x group) was performed to identify the effects of the teacher training program. Teachers who participated in the training program evaluated it positively and showed significant differences compared to the control group in their abilities to cope with stress and avoid burnout, their ICT competency, and their introduction of EI in the classroom. Implications for supporting teachers are discussed.


Assuntos
Pandemias , Professores Escolares , Capacitação de Professores , Adulto , Inteligência Emocional , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estresse Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Distribuição Aleatória , Instituições Acadêmicas
8.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(11): 1175-1179, 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33147912

RESUMO

Occupational stress is one of the major occupational health problems in industrialized countries. In Europe, the United States, Japan, and other countries, occupational stress has been included in the prevention and control of occupational hazards in the workplace. This problem has also become a major risk factor affecting the physical and mental health of the working population in China. Over the last three decades, China had carried out a lot of research on occupational stress and made significant progress, but there is still a big gap between China and industrialized countries in terms of theoretical research on occupational stress, development of measurement tools, research topics and methods, formulation of regulations and standards, and practice of prevention and control. Articles in this key issue report the research on the core scale of occupational stress measurement for the Chinese working population, the scale scoring norm of manufacturing and medical personnel, the research on the relationship between positive psychology variables, and occupational stress and its role in the relationship between occupational stress and health outcomes.


Assuntos
Doenças Profissionais , Saúde do Trabalhador , Estresse Ocupacional , China , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle , Estresse Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Estresse Psicológico/prevenção & controle , Estados Unidos , Local de Trabalho
9.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(21): 11381-11385, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33215459

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to discuss the effects of simulation training on improving the pre-examination, triage, prevention, and control of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), explain the psychological states of pre-examination and triage staff in general hospitals during the COVID-19 epidemic, and analyze relevant influencing factors. This study may serve as a reference of psychological consultation services to medical staff. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This study included 60 nurses assigned in the pre-examination department, fever clinics, and isolation wards of a general hospital from January 26th to February 1st, 2020. Before assuming the posts, the nurses received simulation training on the clinical reception of suspected patients with COVID-19. Operation skills of the nurses before and after the training were assessed. RESULTS: The percent of passing significantly increased from 65% before the training to 98.33% after training (p<0.05). Training also significantly relieved the anxiety and depression of the nurses (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Scenario-simulation training can increase the emergency abilities of pediatric nurses in the prevention and control of the COVID-19 epidemic and relieve the anxiety of nurses.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Controle de Infecções/organização & administração , Enfermeiras Pediátricas/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Treinamento por Simulação/organização & administração , Adulto , Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , Ansiedade/psicologia , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Competência Clínica , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Depressão/prevenção & controle , Depressão/psicologia , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/organização & administração , Feminino , Hospitais Pediátricos/organização & administração , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/instrumentação , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa do Paciente para o Profissional/prevenção & controle , Enfermeiras Pediátricas/organização & administração , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33138254

RESUMO

Measurement of job stress and employees' commitment are few of the admired topics in the corporate world amongst business writers. With a principal aim to trial the blow of exposure to COVID-19 patients on doctors' job stress and commitment, in Pakistan; data have been collected through 7-10 min telephonic interview from voluntary participants and a sample of 129 responses were analyzed by Structure Equation Modeling-Partial Least Square (SEM-PLS) path modeling through Smart PLS 3.2. The results of the study indicated; direct positive & significant impact of Extent of Exposure on Job Stress while direct negative, significant association with Commitment. Job Stress also observed having direct negative impact on commitment. The Extent of Exposure-Job Stress relationship was also found stronger among group of doctors having Low level of Perceived Organizational Support and weaker among group of doctors having High level of Perceive Organizational support. Perceived Organizational Support showed a moderating effect on the Extent of Exposure-Job Stress relationship; while, Social Support showed no moderation. Researchers are required to investigate more and management of the medical services providers (both hospitals and government) needs to focus on doctors' perception about Organizational Support, as doctors show no concern about the support from society as long as their well-being is cared for by respective hospitals. This study is an effort to stimulate more empirical evidence towards the treating and handling of COVID-19 patients and the psychological well-being of doctors.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Satisfação no Emprego , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Médicos/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Apoio Social , Betacoronavirus , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Exposição Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Estresse Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Cultura Organizacional , Paquistão/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Quarentena , Inquéritos e Questionários , Local de Trabalho
12.
Psychiatr Serv ; 71(12): 1260-1269, 2020 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019857

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This rapid review addresses two key questions posed by the COVID-19 pandemic: What are the anticipated mental health sequelae for frontline health workers? and What are best practices during health emergencies to address the mental health needs of these workers? METHODS: This review synthesized the literature on the mental health sequelae for health workers during major pandemics and epidemics that occurred in the 21st century (severe acute respiratory syndrome, Middle East respiratory syndrome, Ebola virus disease, and swine flu) and interventions used to address related mental health sequelae. PubMed, MEDLINE, and PsycINFO were searched with terms related to these epidemics/pandemics. RESULTS: Of 3,876 articles retrieved, 94 were included in this review. Across these studies, most health workers exhibited some adverse psychological experiences during outbreaks, with stress and anxiety being most common. Psychological distress decreased over time. Some studies reported insomnia, burnout, and posttraumatic stress for a subset of individuals up to 3 years after the disease outbreak. Few interventions have been implemented to address providers' mental health needs, and these strategies have not been evaluated systematically. CONCLUSIONS: Systems-level interventions may alleviate distress for most providers without the need for specialized mental health intervention. Psychotherapeutic support and referral to specialty care should be available to health workers with severe and intense adverse psychological outcomes during and beyond the COVID-19 pandemic. Evidence-based interventions are urgently needed to better serve health workers both during and following epidemics/pandemics.


Assuntos
Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Saúde Mental , Estresse Ocupacional , Pandemias , /epidemiologia , Humanos , Estresse Ocupacional/etiologia , Estresse Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia
13.
Med Lav ; 111(5): 335-350, 2020 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33124604

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Psychosocial risk management represents a current challenge in Occupational Health and Safety (OSH) due to their impacts of such risks on work stress and the rapid changes of the world of work. An effective psychosocial risk management can be carried out on the basis of an integrated multidisciplinary model founded on the risk management paradigm. Over years, the occupational medicine has played an important role at national level in this area, contributing to the creation of an integrated and participatory approach. OBJECTIVES: This study explores the developmental process of psychosocial risk management over time in Europe and Italy, to offer an update on the state of the art at a national level and insights on future perspectives. METHODS: Through a reflection on research developments, in Europe and in Italy, we outline how the knowledge obtained has been translated into policies, which have encouraged the implementation at international and national level of consolidated practices for the management of psychosocial risks. RESULTS: An overview of some key steps of the inclusion of psychosocial aspects in OSH is presented, highlighting the positive impact of the multidisciplinary approach. Moreover, the driving role played by policies for implementation in organizational practice is also highlighted, with particular reference to the Italian example. DISCUSSION: Starting from the existing knowledge, it is necessary to tackle emerging risks by continuing to translate the knowledge obtained from research into policies that have a driving role in the identification and implementation of actions and practical tools.


Assuntos
Saúde do Trabalhador , Medicina do Trabalho , Estresse Ocupacional , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Itália , Estresse Ocupacional/prevenção & controle
16.
Ann Glob Health ; 86(1): 128, 2020 10 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33102148

RESUMO

Background: COVID-19 first appeared in China in December 2019, with a high rate of infectivity and morbidity, which brought tremendous psychological pressure to healthcare workers. Purpose: To understand the psychological health status of healthcare workers during the COVID-19 outbreak and decline, and to provide a theoretical reference for the future establishment of a psychological crisis intervention system. Methods: Healthcare workers were recruited using convenience sampling and snowball sampling methods, and the electronic version of the SCL-90 scale and a sociodemographic questionnaire were administered. In the pretest, a total of 5018 responses were collected; after six weeks, random sampling was performed. The SCL-90 and measures of other epidemic-related problems were administered, with 1570 responses received; then, the final data analysis was performed. Results: After six weeks, the post-test GSI score; SCL-90 total score; and PST, PSDI, O-C, I-S, DEP, ANX, PHOB, PAR, PSY, and HOS scores were significantly lower than the corresponding pretest scores (p < 0.05). The results by occupational category showed that the scores of nursing staff decreased significantly for 12 indexes and that the scores of the doctors and other hospital staff also significantly decreased. There was a significant difference between the pretest (50.78 ± 28.18) and post-test (45.00 ± 28.49) scores for the degree of worry about the epidemic. Healthcare workers believed that the top three aspects of life affected by the epidemic were economic problems (816 people), interpersonal communication problems (731 people), and mental health (728 people). Conclusion: Over the course of the epidemic, the item scores generally declined significantly. Therefore, during an outbreak period, attention should be paid to psychological crisis interventions for healthcare workers; problems caused by psychological pressure, and even other psychological conditions, can be significantly alleviated to reduce the probability of subsequent health problems.


Assuntos
Ansiedade , Infecções por Coronavirus , Intervenção na Crise/métodos , Depressão , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Estresse Psicológico , Adulto , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Ansiedade/etiologia , Betacoronavirus , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Depressão/diagnóstico , Depressão/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Estresse Ocupacional/classificação , Estresse Ocupacional/diagnóstico , Estresse Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Estresse Psicológico/diagnóstico , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia
17.
JMIR Mhealth Uhealth ; 8(10): e21692, 2020 10 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32936769

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 became a major public health concern in March 2020. Due to the high rate of hospitalizations for COVID-19 in a short time, health care workers and other involved staff are subjected to a large workload and high emotional distress. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to develop a digital tool to provide support resources that might prevent and consider acute stress reactions in health care workers and other support staff due to the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: The contents of the digital platform were created through an evidence-based review and consensus conference. The website was built using the Google Blogger tool. The Android version of the app was developed in the Java and XML languages using Android Studio version 3.6, and the iOS version was developed in the Swift language using Xcode version 11.5. The app was evaluated externally by the Andalusian Agency for Healthcare Quality. RESULTS: We detected the needs and pressing situations of frontline health care workers, and then, we proposed a serial of recommendations and support resources to address them. These resources were redesigned using the feedback received. A website in three different languages (Spanish, English, and Portuguese) and a mobile app were developed with these contents, and the AppSaludable Quality Seal was granted to the app. A specific self-report scale to measure acute stress and additional tools were included to support the health care workforce. This instrument has been used in several Latin American countries and has been adapted considering cultural differences. The resources section of the website was the most visited with 18,516 out of 68,913 (26.9%) visits, and the "Self-Report Acute Stress Scale" was the most visited resource with 6468 out of 18,516 (34.9%) visits. CONCLUSIONS: The Be + against COVID platform (website and app) was developed and launched to offer a pool of recommendations and support resources, which were specifically designed to protect the psychological well-being and the work morale of health care workers. This is an original initiative different from the usual psychological assistance hotlines.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Sistemas de Apoio Psicossocial , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Humanos , Internet , Aplicativos Móveis , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia
19.
Nursing ; 50(10): 58-63, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32976304

RESUMO

Work-related stress is common within the nursing profession, especially in the ED. Studies have shown that interventions to improve hospital working environments positively impact retention and help prevent burnout. This nursing practice innovation project describes the development, implementation, and evaluation of a restorative space (the "Serenity Room") in a busy regional ED. The evaluation of this project focused on the effectiveness of the room at reducing stress and the value ED staff place on having access to a restorative space. Data were gathered through pre- and postimplementation surveys.


Assuntos
Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Arquitetura Hospitalar , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Resiliência Psicológica , Difusão de Inovações , Humanos , Pesquisa em Avaliação de Enfermagem , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32932588

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to identify physical and psychosocial working conditions to improve well-being at work among healthcare staff. This is a potent area of inquiry given the relationship between healthcare staff well-being and service quality and other key organizational characteristics. However, while numerous studies in this area have used a quantitative methodology, very few have applied qualitative methodologies gathering subjective descriptions of the sources of well-being, providing in so doing significant data to explore in depth the factors that influence well-being in healthcare systems. We gathered qualitative data analyzing open-ended questions about risk and protective factors of well-being at work. The sample was made of 795 professionals answering an online questionnaire. Answers were coded and analyzed using the thematic analysis with an inductive approach (data-driven). We identified four themes strongly affecting professional well-being in health-care staff: Interactions, Working Conditions, Emotional Responses to Work, and Competence and Professional Growth. Our findings suggest possible strategies and actions that may be effective in helping to calibrate case-specific support and monitoring interventions to improve health and well-being of healthcare staff. We also discuss the implications of the study and suggest possible avenues for future empirical research.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Competência Clínica , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Proteção , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Inquéritos e Questionários , Local de Trabalho
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