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1.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 19(1): 217, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34521426

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is an important concept to consider both individuals' ability to manage their daily lives and health status across the lifespan. Despite this variable's importance, there is a lack of clarification on the factors associated with HRQOL, especially for military women. The aim of this study was to examine factors associated with HRQOL of military women in the Republic of Korea (ROK) Army. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 196 participants who were currently within their 5-year service period. HRQOL was measured by the Korean version of the Short-Form 36 Health Survey Questionnaire version 2.0 (SF-36v2), and depression was assessed using the Korean version of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). Differences in HRQOL according to general and occupational factors were analyzed using the independent t-test and analysis of variance (ANOVA). Multiple linear regression analysis was performed to identify factors associated with the HRQOL of women serving as military junior officers. RESULTS: The mean score for the physical component summary (PCS) of SF-36v2 was 56.0 ± 5.8, and that for the mental component summary (MCS) of SF-36v2 was 47.2 ± 10.0. For depression, the mean score was 5.4 ± 5.2, whereas 19.4% of the participants scored more than 10 out of 27 points, which means moderate to severe. No variables showed statistically significant relationships with the PCS. However, military women showed a lower score for MCS when they were officers (adjusted ß = - 3.52; 95% CI = - 5.47, - 1.58), had higher perceived stress (adjusted ß = - 0.62, 95% CI = - 0.83, - 0.41), and a higher score for depression (adjusted ß = - 0.86, 95% CI = - 1.10, - 0.63). CONCLUSIONS: Although depression levels were not severe, it was a significant factor of HRQOL. Stress and depression were found to be significant factors associated with the MCS in military women. Therefore, to improve their HRQOL, the ROK Army should provide early screening, intervention, and management program for high-risk military women. In addition, an appropriate organizational atmosphere within the military must be created to promote such programs.


Assuntos
Depressão/psicologia , Militares/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Estresse Fisiológico , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , República da Coreia , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
PLoS One ; 16(8): e0254708, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34383781

RESUMO

Intensive care unit healthcare workers (ICU HCW) are at risk of mental health issues during emerging disease outbreaks. A study of ICU HCW from France revealed symptoms of anxiety and depression in 50.4% and 30.4% of workers at the peak of the first wave of the pandemic. The level of COVID-19 exposure of these ICU HCW was very high. In Canada, ICU HCW experienced variable exposure to COVID-19 during the first wave of the pandemic, with some hospitals seeing large numbers of patients while others saw few or none. In this study we examined the relationship between COVID-19 exposure and mental health in Canadian ICU HCW. We conducted a cross-sectional cohort study of Canadian ICU HCW in April 2020, during the acceleration phase of the first wave of the pandemic. Psychosocial distress was assessed using the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12). Participants were asked about sources of stress as well as about exposure to COVID-19 patients and availability of personal protective equipment (PPE). Factors associated with clinically-relevant psychosocial distress were identified. Responses were received from 310 Canadian ICU HCW affiliated with more than 30 institutions. Of these, 64.5% scored ≥ 3 points on the GHQ-12 questionnaire, indicating clinically-relevant psychosocial distress. The frequency of psychosocial distress was highest amongst registered nurses (75.7%) and lowest amongst physicians (49.4%). It was also higher amongst females (64.9%) than males (47.6%). Although PPE availability was good (> 80% of participants reported adequate availability), there was significant anxiety with respect to PPE availability, with respect to the risk of being infected with COVID-19, and with respect to the risk of transmitting COVID-19 to others. In multivariable regression analysis, Anxiety with respect to being infected with COVID-19 (OR 1.53, CI 1.31-1.81) was the strongest positive predictor of clinically-relevant psychosocial distress while the Number of shifts with COVID-19 exposure (OR 0.86, CI 0.75-0.95) was the strongest negative predictor. In summary, clinically-relevant psychosocial distress was identified amongst a majority of ICU HCW during the acceleration phase of the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic, including those with minimal or no exposure to COVID-19. Strategies to support mental health amongst ICU HCW are required across the entire healthcare system.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Saúde Mental , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Angústia Psicológica , Adulto , Canadá , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Inquéritos e Questionários
3.
Front Public Health ; 9: 714971, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34422753

RESUMO

Background: In the face of COVID-19, healthcare workers need to cope with the ongoing stressors at play and keep psychological distress at a minimum level. This study examined the psychosocial and demographic factors associated with nurse's resilience in the hospitals of Ahvaz that is one of the top cities infected with COVID-19 in Iran. Methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted on 387 Iranian nurses in Ahvaz city. For data collection purposes, three online questionnaires (including Copenhagen Psychosocial, Demographic, and Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale) were distributed among the participants. Results: The mean resilience score was equal to 61.8 ± 14.8 for 387 nurses. Resilience had a statistically significant negative correlation with quantitative demand (r = -0.273, P < 0.008), work pace (r = -0.262, P < 0.011), emotional demand (r = -0.226, P < 0.030), stress (r = -0.458, P < 0.000), and burnout (r = -0.287, P < 0.005). Multiple linear regression analysis indicated that stress, job satisfaction, burnout and age were the main predictors of nurses' resilience during the (COVID-19) pandemic (R 2 = 0.45). Conclusions: We identified psychosocial and demographic predictive factors that may contribute to greater resilience among nurses during the COVID-19 outbreak. The findings of this study can be used to implement psychosocial interventions to amplify the resilience of medical staff during the COVID-19 outbreak.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Resiliência Psicológica , Estudos Transversais , Surtos de Doenças , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico)/epidemiologia , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Angústia Psicológica
4.
J Nurs Adm ; 51(7-8): 395-400, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34405978

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the short-term and sustained effect on well-being, burnout, and mindful awareness of an abbreviated mindfulness practice course designed for nurses and other healthcare professionals. BACKGROUND: Most mindfulness programs are impractical for frontline healthcare providers because of the intensive, off-site initial training and prolonged practice commitment. A psychiatric nurse educator developed a brief training program tailored for healthcare providers. METHODS: Two institutional review board-approved studies examined the abbreviated mindfulness practice course for healthcare providers: the first, a single-group pretest-posttest design with 25 nursing employees in an academic medical center, and the second, a randomized controlled trial with 83 healthcare professionals. RESULTS: Significant improvement in mindful awareness and at least 1 indicator of burnout were demonstrated. Improvements in quality of life were noted with nurses. CONCLUSIONS: Findings support the short-term and sustained impact of this brief mindfulness curriculum on mindful awareness, quality of life, and aspects of burnout for healthcare professionals.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Esgotamento Profissional/prevenção & controle , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Atenção Plena/educação , Centros Médicos Acadêmicos , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Humanos , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(27): e26615, 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34232218

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The aim of the study is to investigate the levels of affective commitment, occupational stressors and calling in psychiatrists in Shanghai and try to find the relationship among 3 variables in the participants.We enrolled 81 participants using a survey with a combination of demographic information, affective part of organizational commitment questionnaire, portion of the scale for occupational stressors on clinicians and the calling and vocation questionnaire. Correlation analysis and multiple linear regression analysis were applied to probe into the relationship among the three variables. t Test and nonparametric test were utilized to compare the differences between the groups of individuals who were divided according to the demographic information.The mean score of the affective commitment, occupational stressors and calling of Shanghai psychiatrists were all at a moderate level. The scores in affective commitment had a significantly negative relationship with that of the occupational stressors, especially in the respect of organization and management, occupational interest, and development of work. Whereas the scores of calling revealed a remarkably positive connection with affective commitment. In addition, demographic groups under comparison, individuals who were >35 years' old, male, or have worked for >10 years are more likely to suffer from higher occupational development and interpersonal relationship stress.We found that the levels of affective commitment, occupational stressors and calling in psychiatrists in Shanghai were all moderate. These people who were men, >35 years' old, and had >10 years of work experiences had suffered from higher levels of occupational stressors, especially occupational development and interpersonal relationship stress. The affective commitment was positively correlated to the calling while negatively associated to the occupational stressors in Shanghai psychiatrists. For stronger bond for the psychiatrists, strengthen the calling and lessen the occupational stressors are required. These results provide some ideas for enhancing the occupational commitment of psychiatrists and conducting psychological interventions in a timely manner henceforth more effectively.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Satisfação no Emprego , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Psiquiatria , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Relações Interpessoais , Masculino , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Estresse Ocupacional/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
BMJ Open Respir Res ; 8(1)2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34312256

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nurses have been at the forefront of the pandemic response, involved in extensive coordination of services, screening, vaccination and front-line work in respiratory, emergency and intensive care environments. The nature of this work is often intense and stress-provoking with an inevitable psychological impact on nurses and all healthcare workers. This study focused on nurses working in respiratory areas with the aim of identifying and characterising the self-reported issues that exacerbated or alleviated their concerns during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: An online survey was developed consisting of 90 questions using a mixture of open-ended and closed questions. Participant demographic data were also collected (age, gender, ethnicity, number of years qualified, details of long-term health conditions, geographical location, nursing background/role and home life). The online survey was disseminated via social media and professional respiratory societies (British Thoracic Society, Primary Care Respiratory Society, Association of Respiratory Nurse Specialists) over a 3-week period in May 2020 and the survey closed on 1 June 2020. RESULTS: The study highlights the experiences of nurses caring for respiratory patients during the first wave of the pandemic in early 2020. Concerns were expressed over the working environment, the supply and availability of adequate protective personal equipment, the quality of care individuals were able to deliver, and the impact on mental health to nurses and their families. A high number provided free-text comments around their worries and concerns about the impact on their household; these included bringing the virus home, the effect on family members worrying about them, mental health and the impact of changing working patterns, and managing with children. Although both formal and informal support were available, there were inconsistencies in provision, highlighting the importance of nursing leadership and management in ensuring equity of access to services. CONCLUSIONS: Support for staff is essential both throughout the pandemic and afterwards, and it is important that preparation of individuals regarding building resilience is recognised. It is also clear that psychological support and services for nurses and the wider healthcare team need to be available and quickly convened in the event of similar major incidents, either global or local.


Assuntos
COVID-19/terapia , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Resiliência Psicológica , Adolescente , Adulto , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/psicologia , COVID-19/transmissão , Feminino , Humanos , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa do Paciente para o Profissional/prevenção & controle , Liderança , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Estresse Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Sistemas de Apoio Psicossocial , Unidades de Cuidados Respiratórios/estatística & dados numéricos , Autorrelato/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
7.
J Occup Health ; 63(1): e12243, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34235817

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Work related stress is a major occupational health problem that is associated with adverse effects on physical and mental health. Healthcare workers are particularly vulnerable in the era of COVID-19. Physical methods of stress relief such as yoga and massage therapy may reduce occupational stress. The objective of this systematic review and network meta-analysis is to determine the effects of yoga, massage therapy, progressive muscle relaxation, and stretching on alleviating stress and improving physical and mental health in healthcare workers. METHODS: Databases were searched for randomized controlled trials on the use of physical relaxation methods for occupational stress in healthcare workers with any duration of follow-up. Meta-analysis was performed for standard mean differences in stress measures from baseline between subjects undergoing relaxation vs non-intervention controls. Network meta-analysis was conducted to determine the best relaxation method. RESULTS: Fifteen trials representing 688 healthcare workers were identified. Random-effects meta-analysis shows that physical relaxation methods overall reduced measures of occupational stress at the longest duration of follow-up vs baseline compared to non-intervention controls (SMD -0.53; 95% CI [-0.74 to -0.33]; p < .00001). On network meta-analysis, only yoga alone (SMD -0.71; 95% CI [-1.01 to -0.41]) and massage therapy alone (SMD -0.43; 95% CI [-0.72 to -0.14]) were more effective than control, with yoga identified as the best method (p-score = .89). CONCLUSION: Physical relaxation may help reduce occupational stress in healthcare workers. Yoga is particularly effective and offers the convenience of online delivery. Employers should consider implementing these methods into workplace wellness programs.


Assuntos
COVID-19/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Terapia de Relaxamento/psicologia , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Ioga/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Humanos , Metanálise em Rede , Saúde do Trabalhador , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(28): e26646, 2021 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34260565

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The SARS- CoV-2 virus has been a public health crisis since its emergence in 2019. It has affected nearly all aspects of life. Education has been particularly hit, and a lot of effort has been put to implement more and more virtual platforms through online classes, meetings and conferences. Medical education has also been affected, especially because of the need for hands-on education, specifically in the clinical setting of the last 2 years. This had a huge psychological impact on the medical students currently enrolled in medical schools around the globe.In this descriptive study, we sent all medical students at the American University of Beirut Faculty of Medicine (AUBFM) an online anonymous survey by email. The survey started with general questions (age, gender and medical school year), followed by 3 sections that contain questions pertaining to the attitudes of medical students towards clinical rotations and online classes. Data was then analyzed using SPSSv24 and was then reported as percentages.Students were almost equally divided among the medical school classes (Med 1, 2, 3, and 4). The majority of clinical students (Med 3 and Med 4) reported that they feel nervous during their rotations in the hospital. Moreover, they reported that they have increased their use of disinfectants and personal protective equipment since the emergence of the pandemic. Moreover, the majority of medical students reported that they feel more stressed after shifting to online classes. Medical students also reported that they would be willing to go back to on-campus classes.This study aimed at describing the response of medical students at AUBFM to the COVID-19 pandemic in terms of stress. Limited data exists in the literature concerning the psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on medical students in the middle East. Medical students reported that they feel more stressed and nervous during their clinical rotations and after the shift to online education, affecting their academic and social life. Further studies using a larger sample size are needed.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Educação Médica , Corpo Clínico Hospitalar/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Adulto , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Educação à Distância , Feminino , Humanos , Líbano , Masculino , Corpo Clínico Hospitalar/educação , SARS-CoV-2 , Faculdades de Medicina , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
J Contin Educ Nurs ; 52(8): 367-374, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34324377

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The nursing shortage has been deemed a public health crisis as the turnover rate of newly licensed graduate nurses (NLGNs) continues to grow. One of five NLGNs are leaving the profession due to work dissatisfaction and feelings of inadequacy, risking patient safety. METHOD: A prospective, randomized controlled trial evaluated the impact of a 6-week digital intervention (text messaging) on NLGNs' self-reported stress, resiliency, sense of support, and intention to leave their jobs, organization, and profession. Messages to the experimental group (n = 10) conveyed emotional, esteem, and networking support, and messages to the control group (n = 11) were medical facts. RESULTS: The digital intervention in the form of medical facts increased the control group's sense of social support. Stress, resilience, and intention to leave their jobs, organizations, or profession did not change for either the control or experimental group. CONCLUSION: A digital intervention, such as text messaging, potentially can increase NLGNs' sense of support during their first year of hire. [J Contin Educ Nurs. 2021;52(8):367-374.].


Assuntos
Educação de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem , Licenciamento em Enfermagem , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Envio de Mensagens de Texto , Humanos , Intenção , Satisfação no Emprego , Licenciamento em Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Pesquisa em Avaliação de Enfermagem , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Reorganização de Recursos Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Resiliência Psicológica , Apoio Social
10.
Ann Fam Med ; 19(4): 342-350, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34264839

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We investigated whether physician race and ethnicity were associated with burnout among a nationally representative sample of family physicians. METHODS: We undertook a cross-sectional observational study using survey data from 1,510 American Board of Family Medicine recertification applicants in 2017 and 1,586 respondents to the 2017 National Graduate Survey. Of the 3,096 total family physicians, 450 (15%) were from racial and ethnic groups underrepresented in medicine. We used structural equation models to test the effects of underrepresented status on single-item measures of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization. RESULTS: Family physicians underrepresented in medicine were significantly less likely than their non-underrepresented counterparts to report emotional exhaustion (adjusted odds ratio = 0.82; 95% CI, 0.69-0.99; total effect) and depersonalization (adjusted odds ratio = 0.54; 95% CI, 0.41-0.71; total effect). The underrepresented physicians were more likely than non-underrepresented peers to practice in more racially and ethnically diverse counties and less likely to practice obstetrics, both of which partly mediated the protective effect of underrepresented status on depersonalization. CONCLUSIONS: Although factors such as racism might be expected to adversely affect the well-being of underrepresented clinicians, underrepresented family physicians reported a lower frequency of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization. The mediating protective effect of working in more racially and ethnically diverse counties is consistent with evidence of the beneficial effect of cultural diversity on health outcomes for minorities. Because physician burnout is a known predictor of job turnover and may also be associated with poorer quality of care, the lower burnout observed among underrepresented family physicians may be an asset for the health care system as a whole.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Esgotamento Psicológico , Grupos Étnicos , Satisfação no Emprego , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Médicos de Família/psicologia , Adulto , Esgotamento Profissional/etnologia , Esgotamento Psicológico/etnologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Estresse Ocupacional/etnologia , Meio Social , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Int Arch Occup Environ Health ; 94(7): 1591-1604, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34155548

RESUMO

AIM: The adverse impacts of exposure to work intensity on mental health have been widely studied. However, there is a lack of research examining who is most vulnerable in terms of position on the mental health distribution. The current study aims to: (a) initially estimate the average impacts of work intensity on workers' mental health in Australia, and then (b) estimate the extent to which this effect varies across the mental health distribution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The current study uses data from waves 2005--2017 of the Household Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) survey. It first employs Average Treatment Effect (ATE) to provide a baseline/average treatment effect for the whole population, and then applies Quantile Regression fixed effects models for various quantiles on the mental health distribution. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: The baseline estimates show that there are significantly negative effects of work intensity on mental health for the whole population, but importantly the quantile fixed effect estimates show that these adverse effects are substantially stronger for those with the poorest mental health (i.e. at the bottom of the distribution). When ATE alone is estimated, the significant effect is averaged over the mental health distribution, missing important information regarding the heterogeneity of the effect. The findings have important implications for understanding and reducing mental health inequality, particularly inequality driven by workplace stress. First, they align with existing research demonstrating the importance of reducing psychosocial job stressors. Second, given workers with mental health problems were most susceptible to the adverse effects of work intensity, there is a need to offer additional support (and be sensitive of workloads) for this group in particular.


Assuntos
Saúde Mental , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Adulto , Austrália/epidemiologia , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Carga de Trabalho
13.
Int Arch Occup Environ Health ; 94(6): 1353-1362, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34159452

RESUMO

PURPOSE: There is limited empirical evidence regarding mental health in workplace settings in Africa. Gold mining is a major industry in Ghana, and this study investigated mental health-related symptoms and the factors contributing to such symptoms among employees in the Ghanaian. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey design study was used to collect data from employees working in the mining industry across five gold mines in Ghana. All mining employees were invited to participate in the survey. Sociodemographic and work characteristic data (including job content) was collected alongside measures of recent mental health-related symptoms (Kessler-10). Questionnaires were administered in English. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and logistic regression models. RESULTS: Of 1165 participants (response rate: 78%), 87% were male and 13% were female. The majority of the participants were in the 25-34 age category. Psychological distress was categorized as low (62.6%), moderate (24.3%), high (10.0%) and very high (3.2%). Shift type (working 12 h or more), physical working conditions and financial factors were significantly associated with psychological distress. Job resources and job demands was not significantly associated with levels of psychological distress. CONCLUSION: This is the first study to explore mental health in the Ghanaian gold mining industry. The findings identify workplace factors associated with psychological distress in the mining industry in Ghana and support the importance of promoting mental health as part of workplace health and safety strategy to improve mental health across the mining population.


Assuntos
Ouro , Mineração , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Estresse Financeiro/epidemiologia , Estresse Financeiro/psicologia , Gana/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Prevalência , Jornada de Trabalho em Turnos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
16.
J Med Life ; 14(2): 262-270, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34104251

RESUMO

Sense of humor constitutes a part of everyday life and work and an indispensable part of healthcare. However, the relationship between sense of humor and nursing occupational health and stress is yet to be studied in Iran. This study aimed to analyze the interplay of demographic factors, occupational stress, sense of humor, and health status of nurses working at the hospitals affiliated with the Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Iran. In this descriptive-analytical study, the statistical population consisted of 203 nurses. Occupational stress was assessed using the Iranian version of the Effort-Reward-Imbalance (ERI) Questionnaire. The Sense of Humor Questionnaire (SHQ) and the Iranian version of the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) were employed to assess the sense of humor and physio-psychological health, respectively. Data collected were analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software. 81% (n=164) of the participants had an "external effort" (E) and "reward" (R) ratio greater than 1, indicating very high occupational stress. 39% (n=79) nurses with high occupational stress displayed their commitment to the workplace. Approximately 42% (n=85) of nurses were suffering from health problems. The mean humor score of participants was 2.90±0.41. Major life events over the past 3 months (p<0.01), weekly working hours (p<0.01), high occupational stress (p<0.01), and sense of humor (p<0.01) were determined to be significant predictors of nurses' health problems. Decision-makers are recommended to reduce nursing working hours through work shift management in order to maintain nurses' health status and reduce their occupational stress. In addition, hospital directors should promote a sense of humor in hospital environments with the help of culture-building practices, comedy books, music CDs, and training courses.


Assuntos
Nível de Saúde , Hospitais , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Senso de Humor e Humor como Assunto/psicologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico) , Masculino , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Apoio Social , Inquéritos e Questionários , Local de Trabalho/psicologia
17.
PLoS One ; 16(6): e0252809, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34111170

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Health care professionals are at higher risk of developing stress-related problems during outbreaks, due to the overwhelming clinical workload, fear of contagion, and inadequate protective gears. So, in order to monitoring mental health issues and to understand the factors evidence-based interventions is important. Therefore, this study was aimed to assess perceived stress and associated factors among health care professionals working in the context of COVID-19, Southern Ethiopia. METHODS: Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted among 798 health care professionals from the 1st May to 1st June 2020. The study participants were selected using simple random sampling technique after allocating a proportion to each health institute based on the size of health care professionals. A pre-tested and structured interviewer-administered questionnaire using KOBO collect survey tool was used to collect data. A total score of >20 points was considered as the cut off for experiencing perceived stress based on perceived stress scale. Both bivariable and multivariable logistic regression analysis were performed to identify associated factors. The level of statistical significance was set at a p-value of less than 0.05 in multivariable logistic regression. RESULT: Nearly two-thirds 61.8% (95% CI: 58.4%, 65.2%) of HCPs had perceived stress. Not having COVID-19 updated information (AOR = 2.41, 95% CI: 1.31, 4.43), not at all confident on coping with stress (AOR = 9.94, 95% CI:3.74, 26.41), somewhat confident in coping with stress (AOR = 4.69, 95% CI:2.81, 7.84), moderately confident on coping with stress (AOR = 2.36, 95% CI: 1.46, 3.82), and not getting along well with people (AOR = 4.88, 95% CI: 1.42, 16.72) were positively association with perceived stress. However, feeling overwhelmed by the demand of everyday life (AOR = 0.52 95% CI: 0.35, 0.77) and worrying about what other people think about them (AOR = 0.48, 95% CI: 0.24, 0.81) were negatively associated with perceived stress. CONCLUSION: COVID-19 update, confidence in coping with stress, getting along with people, worrying about what other people think about them, and feeling overwhelmed by the demand of everyday life were factors significantly associated with perceived stress. The provision of COVID-19 update to HCPs along with wider strategies to support their psychological wellbeing is vital.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Estudos Transversais , Etiópia/epidemiologia , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Estresse Ocupacional/etiologia , Saúde Pública
18.
J Appl Psychol ; 106(6): 825-838, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34138589

RESUMO

To protect workers' safety while gradually resuming on-site operations amid the COVID-19 pandemic, many organizations are offering employees the flexibility to decide their work location on a daily basis (i.e., whether to work from home or to work in the office on a particular day). However, little is known about what factors drive employees' daily decisions to work from home versus office during the pandemic. Taking a social ecological perspective, we conceptualize employees' daily choice of work location (home vs. office) as a way to cope with stressors they have encountered on the previous day, and conducted a daily diary study to examine how five categories of work-related and COVID-related stressors during the pandemic (identified through a pilot interview study) may jointly predict employees' next-day work location. We collected data over five workdays from 127 participants working in a Chinese IT company which allowed employees to choose their work location on a daily basis amid the pandemic. We found that experiencing more work-family boundary stressors and work coordination stressors on a certain day were associated with a greater likelihood of working in the office (vs. at home) on the next day, while experiencing more workload stressors prompted employees to work at home (vs. in the office) on the next day. Furthermore, we found that COVID-19 infection-related stressors moderated the effects of technology stressors and workload stressors on next-day work location. Our research findings offer implications for understanding the driving factors of daily work location choices during and beyond the pandemic. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
COVID-19/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Teletrabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2
19.
J Appl Psychol ; 106(5): 643-656, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34096739

RESUMO

Highly conscientious workers are more motivated and productive than their less conscientious colleagues. Moreover, conscientious employees tend to be more satisfied and less stressed from their work. One consequence of the COVID-19 pandemic, however, is that many workers have transitioned to working remotely, often under conditions of less direct supervision and less clarity about expected work activities and outcomes. We proposed that this significant change in work context constitutes a weakening of situational strength that can change the relationship of conscientiousness with job strain, job satisfaction, and job performance. Using Meyer et al.'s (2010) conceptualization of situational strength, we tested the moderating effect of situational strength by surveying 474 white-collar employees in a Fortune-1000 firm in 2019 and again in 2020 after they had all transitioned to working remotely. We found that the changes in work context due to COVID-19 significantly lowered scores on situational strength and this was accompanied by a stronger positive effect of conscientiousness on performance. Importantly, during COVID-19, the relationships of conscientiousness with strain and satisfaction showed a reversal of sign, with more conscientious workers reporting higher strain and lower satisfaction. These effects were partially mediated by job demands and were replicated with work hours. The results provide a test of situational strength theory and suggest that changes in situational strength due to COVID-19 may cause an organization's most conscientious employees to be at elevated risk for burnout and dissatisfaction, and consequently, turnover, if not managed appropriately. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
COVID-19/psicologia , Satisfação no Emprego , Teletrabalho , Desempenho Profissional , Adulto , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Ajustamento Emocional , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Motivação , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Recompensa , Fatores de Risco
20.
J Am Assoc Nurse Pract ; 33(6): 416-418, 2021 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34081655

RESUMO

COVID-19 has had a significant impact on the lives of nurses. To capture these experiences, the AANP history committee sponsored a writing contest. The stories, essays, and poems were heartfelt and ranged from personal experiences to future implications. One essay entitled "The Five Stages of COVID Grief: One Nurse Practitioner's Coronavirus Story," captured the essence of the time and is applicable to all nurses as we continue our journey and document our legacy. Using the framework of COVID Grief, this article seeks to outline the shared experience and range of emotions represented in the writing contest submissions. Through this lens, the Year of the Nurse and the toll of coronavirus can be framed by the emotions of disbelief, bitterness, guilt, fear and anxiety, and resilience.


Assuntos
COVID-19/psicologia , Medo/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Anedotas como Assunto , Ansiedade/psicologia , COVID-19/enfermagem , Humanos , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Resiliência Psicológica , Redação
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