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1.
Wiad Lek ; 72(9 cz 1): 1655-1659, 2019.
Artigo em Polonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31586978

RESUMO

In the elderly, there is a reduction of the efficiency in many organs, including muscles. The weight, strength and power reduction of elderly muscles is defined as sarcopenia. The pathophysiology of sarcopenia is multifactorial, it can be influenced by intrinsic and extrinsic factors such as reduced caloric intake, denervation of muscle fibers - in the course of various neurodegenerative diseases, intracellular oxidative stress, hormonal disorders and others. The European Working Group on sarcopenia in the elderly published diagnostic criteria for sarcopenia in 2010, which should increase the recognition of this disease and speed up the treatment process. The best-confirmed methods of treatment of sarcopenia are nutritional hyperalimentation and resistance training. Pharmacological agents, i.e. selective androgen receptor modulators, and myostatin inhibitors are not sufficiently tested to be approved, by the FDA as a treatment regimen of sarcopenia.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/patologia , Sarcopenia/diagnóstico , Idoso , Ingestão de Energia , Humanos , Estresse Oxidativo
2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(14): 2960-2965, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602840

RESUMO

The study aimed to investigate the mechanism of hepatoprotective effect of C-21 steroidal glucosides from Cynanchum auriculatum( Baishouwu) on oxidative stress in mice with liver injury. Mice were randomly divided into normal group,model group,positive control group,Baishouwu high group and Baishouwu low group. The liver injury model was induced by intraperitoneal injection of CCl4 peanut oil solution. All mice were sacrificed to collect blood and liver specimens. The activities of serum levels of ALT and AST were detected. The content of MDA and the activity of SOD in liver homogenate were examined by colorimetry method. Tissues were stained with hematoxylin-eosin for histological examination. The hepatic protein expressions of NF-κB p65,p-IκBα,i NOS and COX-2 were detected by Western blot. The mRNA expressions of TNF-α and IL-6 were determined by RT-PCR. It was found that treatment with C-21 steroidal glucosides from Baishouwu successfully attenuated liver injury induced by CCl4,as shown by decreased levels of serum biochemical indicators( AST,ALT)( P<0. 01). Administration of total C-21 steroidal glucosides enhanced the activity of SOD( P<0. 01) and decreased the content of MDA( P<0. 01) in liver homogenate. Microscopic features suggested that treatment with C-21 steroidal glucosides from Baishouwu was effective in inhibiting CCl4-induced hepatocyte edema and degeneration. Further studies showed that NF-κB p65 overexpression induced by CCl4 was decreased by C-21 steroidal glucosides,leading to the markedly down-regulated protein expression levels of p-IκBα,i NOS and COX-2,as well as the depression of TNF-α and IL-6 mRNA expressions. In conclusion,total C-21 steroidal glucosides from Baishouwu exhibited potent effect on oxidative stress pathway in mice with liver injury induced by CCl4,with enhanced activity of SOD,decreased content of MDA,and down-regulated levels of NF-κB p65,p-IκBα,i NOS and COX-2.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/tratamento farmacológico , Cynanchum/química , Glucosídeos/farmacologia , Estresse Oxidativo , Animais , Tetracloreto de Carbono , Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Distribuição Aleatória
3.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 91(3): e20180994, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596391

RESUMO

Herbal medicines are efficient to reduce side effects in the fight against glioblastoma, which plays a critical role within brain cancer species. The recent studies designated for testing the effects of lichens that have shown numerous anticancer activities on glioblastoma so far. In the present study, different concentrations of water extract obtained from Usnea longissima Ach. were used in order to determine cytotoxic (via 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide and lactate dehydrogenase tests), antioxidant (via total antioxidant capacity test), pro-oxidant (via total oxidant status test) and genotoxic (via 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine test) effects of them on human U87MG-glioblastoma cancer cell lines. Primary mixed glial-neuronal non-cancerous cells from Sprague-Dawley rats were also utilized to measure the effects of treatments on non-cancerous cells. Based on median inhibitory concentration values, the data belonged to non-cancerous cells (2486.71 mg/L) showed distinct towering compared to U87MG (80.93 mg/L) cells. The viability of non-cancerous and U87MG cells exposed to extract is decreased in a dose dependent manner. It was also showed that low concentrations of extract notably increased total antioxidant capacity on non-cancerous cells. In addition, various phenolic compounds in extract were detected through high-performance liquid chromatography. The recent results encourage that extract will be able to have therapeutic potential against glioblastoma.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Glioblastoma/tratamento farmacológico , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Usnea/química , Animais , Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Dano ao DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
4.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31623042

RESUMO

Objective:The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of rhodiola rosea on oxidative stress, anxiety and depression in patients with OSA. Method:Ninety patients with moderate and severe OSA patients with negative emotions diagnosed by PSG, self-rating depression scale (SDS) and self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) were selected from the respiratory department of our hospital from February 2015 to February 2018. According to the random number table method, the patients were randomly divided into non-invasive ventilator group, rhodiola rosea+non-invasive ventilator group and rhodiola rosea group, with 30 cases in each group. Patients in the non-invasive ventilator group were treated with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for 3 months, and those in the rhodiola rosea+non-invasive ventilator group were treated with oral rhodiola capsules for 3 months on the basis of CPAP, and those in the rhodiola rosea treatment group were treated with pure oral rhodiola capsules for 3 months. The changes of SDS and SAS before and after the three groups were compared, and the changes of serum SOD and MDA were detected by immunoenzyme-linked adsorption for comparative analysis. Result:There were no significant differences in SDS and SAS scores between the three groups (P>0.05). SDS and SAS scores of patients in the rhodiola rosea+non-invasive ventilator group decreased after treatment (P<0.05) compared with those in the non-invasive ventilator group. SDS and SAS scores of patients in the rhodiola treatment group increased after treatment (P<0.05). Compared with those in the rhodiola treatment group, SDS and SAS scores of patients in the rhodiola+non-invasive breathing group decreased after treatment (P<0.05). Three group patients were no significant difference in serum SOD and malondialdehyde (MDA) before treatment (P>0.05). Compared with before treatment, serum SOD level were all increased and MDA level were all decreased in the three groups after treatment (P<0.05). Compared with noninvasive breathing unit after treatment, rhodiola+noninvasive breathing unit after treatment in patients with elevated levels of serum SOD, MDA level decreased (P<0.05), and for the treatment group after treatment in patients with serum SOD levels drop, the MDA levels (P<0.05), and the after rhodiola rosea treatment group compared, rhodiola+noninvasive breathing unit after treatment in patients with elevated levels of serum SOD, MDA level decreased (P<0.05). Conclusion:Rhodiola may improve the negative emotions such as anxiety and depression by inhibiting oxygen free radicals and lipid peroxidation in patients with OSA.


Assuntos
Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Rhodiola , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/tratamento farmacológico , Estresse Psicológico/tratamento farmacológico , Pressão Positiva Contínua nas Vias Aéreas , Humanos , Malondialdeído , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos
5.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 27(9): 677-680, 2019 Sep 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594091

RESUMO

Objective: To study the effect of benazepril on the expression of nuclear factor E2 related factor 2 (Nrf2), nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase 4 (NOX4) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) concentration in rats with hepatic fibrosis and to explore the possible antifibrotic mechanism of benazepril. Methods: Twenty-two healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: control group (6 rats), model group (8 rats) and benazepril treatment group (8 rats). Two rats died during modeling and treatment in the model group and the benazepril treatment group, and a model of hepatic fibrosis induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCL(4)) was established. The rats in benazepril group were given benazepril for 8 weeks by gastric gavage. The assessment of liver tissue damage in each group was measured using conventional hematoxylin-eosin and Masson staining. The mRNA level of Nrf2, NOX4 in liver tissue was detected by RT-PCR, and serum ROS concentration was determined by colorimetry. All data were expressed in mean ± standard deviations, and were analyzed using SPSS21.0 statistical software. The data were compared using one-way analysis of variance, and the LSD-t method was used for pairwise comparison between the two groups. The correlation analysis was performed by Spearman's correlation analysis. Results: In the liver of the model group, with the aggravation of liver fibrosis the expression of Nrf2mRNA, NOX4 mRNA and ROS concentration were higher than control group [(4.01 ± 3.40), (31.78 ± 3.96), (1.82 ± 0.46) µg/ ml vs. (0.12 ± 0.11), (2.03 ± 0.31), (1.56±0.84) µg/ml, P < 0.05]. After benazepril treatment, NOX4 mRNA expression and ROS concentration were decreased than the model group [(15.93 ± 5.01), (0.78 ± 0.44) µg/ml vs. (31.78 ± 3.96), (1.82 ± 0.46) µg /ml, P < 0.05], while Nrf2 mRNA expression was higher than the model group [(6.69 ± 4.86) vs. (4.01 ± 3.40), P < 0.05]. There was a positive correlation between Nrf2 and NOX4, Nrf2 and ROS, and NOX4 and ROS (r = 0.616, 0.411, 0.802, P < 0.05). Conclusion: Benazepril may exert an anti-hepatic fibrosis effect by activating Nrf2 expression, or may inhibit the ROS-mediated oxidative stress in response to NOX4.


Assuntos
Benzazepinas/farmacologia , Cirrose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , NADPH Oxidase 4/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Animais , Cirrose Hepática/metabolismo , Masculino , Estresse Oxidativo , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
6.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(16): 3423-3428, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602904

RESUMO

To investigate the effect of triptolide on cognitive dysfunction in vascular dementia rats and its effect on SIRT1/NF-κB pathway,fifty healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 5 groups: Sham operation group( Sham group),vascular dementia model group( 2 VO group),triptolide intraperitoneal injection group( TR group),triptolide intraperitoneal injection + EX527 intracerebroventricular administration group( T+E group),EX527 intracerebroventricular administration group( EX527 group). After 4 weeks of modeling,Morris water maze test and object recognition test were used to evaluate the learning and memory ability of rats. The morphological changes of hippocampus in each group were observed in brain tissue. The chemical colorimetry was used to detect the activities of SOD and MDA in hippocampus. IL-6 and TNF-α levels were detected by ELISA. Western blot was used to detect the expression of SIRT1,NF-κB,IκBα and caspase 3 in hippocampus. The results showed that compared with the Sham group,the learning and memory ability of the vascular dementia model rats was reduced,the SOD activity in the hippocampus was decreased,the MDA activity and IL-6 level were increased,the neuronal degeneration changed significantly,the expression of SIRT1 and IκBα was decreased and the expression of caspase 3 and NF-κB was significantly increased. After intervention by triptolide,the level of oxidative stress and the degenerative changes in hippocampus were significantly slowed down. The expression of SIRT1 and IκBα protein was increased and the expression of caspase 3 and NF-κB was significantly decreased. While,after intervention by triptolide and EX527,the expression of SIRT1 was decreased,the levels of oxidative stress and neuronal degeneration in the hippocampus were aggravated,and the learning and memory ability was reduced. The results showed that triptolide could improve cognitive impairment in vascular dementia rats and its mechanism may be related to SIRT1/NF-κB signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva/tratamento farmacológico , Demência Vascular/tratamento farmacológico , Diterpenos/farmacologia , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Fenantrenos/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais , Sirtuína 1/metabolismo , Animais , Compostos de Epóxi/farmacologia , Hipocampo/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Estresse Oxidativo , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
7.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(16): 3494-3501, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602914

RESUMO

The aim of this paper was to compare the performance of acute liver injury in mice induced by Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets from 6 different manufacturers,and to explore the toxicity mechanism from the perspective of oxidative stress and apoptosis preliminarily. Male or female mice were randomly divided into normal group,Zhejiang group,Hunan group,Hubei group,Shanghai group,Jiangsu group and Fujian group. Mice in Tripgerygium Glycosides Tablets groups were given 16 times the clinical equivalent dose( 300 mg·kg-1) Tripgerygium Glycosides Tablets by oral administration for one time,mice were executed in 24 h after lavaged.Then the visceral brain coefficient of the organ was calculated. Histopathological changes of liver were observed by hematoxylin-eosin staining. Td T-mediated d UTP nick-end labeling was used to detect the apoptosis of the liver cells and the protein content of oxidative stress related factors in liver homogenate. Nuclear transcription factor E2-related factor( Nrf2) and heme oxygenase-1( HO-1) as well as mitochondrial mediated apoptosis-related protein expression levels of Bax and Bcl-2 in hepatic tissue were measured by Western blot.Within 24 hours of administration,6 male mice in Jiangsu group and 2 female mice in Zhejiang group were dying; compared with normal ones,liver coefficients of mice in Zhejiang,Shanghai,Jiangsu and Hunan groups were significantly increased,thymus coefficients in the first two groups were significantly reduced,as well as the lung coefficients of Fujian group mice,the rest was normal. In addition to Hubei group,serum AST,ALT or ALP levels of mice were increased,while TBi L were not being affected. Histopathological changes and apoptosis of liver cells were observed in all mice,and the degree of severity was ranked as Jiangsu,Zhejiang,Shanghai,Hunan,Hubei and Fujian group. All Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets increased the MDA and reduced the content of T-SOD,CAT or GSH in liver tissue while inhibited Nrf2,HO-1 and Bcl-2,increased the protein expression level of Bax( except Hunan group). Tripgerygium Glycosides Tablets from 6 manufacturers all resulted in liver function damage and liver histopathological changes,especially in Jiangsu,Hubei and Fujian,and the mechanism may related to inhibit Nrf2/HO-1 oxidative stress pathway and activate Bax/Bcl-2 apoptosis pathway to mediate lipid peroxidation and induce liver cell apoptosis. Triptolide A may be one of the main toxic components of Tripgerygium Glycosides Tablets that causing drug-induced liver injury. This study was conducted on normal mice with super dose medication,so the relevant results are for reference only.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/toxicidade , Glicosídeos/toxicidade , Tripterygium/toxicidade , Animais , Apoptose , Feminino , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Peroxidação de Lipídeos , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Camundongos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Distribuição Aleatória , Comprimidos , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/metabolismo
8.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 187, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31565147

RESUMO

Fumonisin B1 (FB1) is a mycotoxin frequently found in agricultural commodities. The toxin poses a considerable risk for human and animal health. FB1 is among several mycotoxins produced by Fusarium spp. contaminating virtually any cereal and other Poaceae. Their intracellular action includes the promotion of oxidative stress through the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that damage biomolecules such as DNA. These toxic effects were observed in vivo and in vitro. However, the association between esophageal lesions and oxidative stress induced by FB1. Studies in China, Iran and South Africa showed higher exposure to fumonisins in areas with higher risk of esophageal cancer (EC). Exposure to mycotoxins may be inevitable in Mozambique. How mycotoxins, particularly fumonisins from the contaminated food, can be associated with the emergence of EC in Mozambique? Herein, we revise the literature and present some pieces of evidence in order to highlight the burden of mycotoxins and to provide evidence-based considerations for the stakeholders involved in the management of the EC agenda in Mozambique. The information presented herein supports the need to implement novel and/or to revisit the existent detoxification methods to reduce the global burden of mycotoxins and its outcomes in health management.


Assuntos
Carcinógenos Ambientais/toxicidade , Neoplasias Esofágicas/epidemiologia , Fumonisinas/toxicidade , Micotoxinas/toxicidade , Animais , Neoplasias Esofágicas/etiologia , Contaminação de Alimentos/prevenção & controle , Fusarium/metabolismo , Humanos , Moçambique/epidemiologia , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e17373, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574886

RESUMO

Ionizing radiation can induce deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) methylation pattern change, and ionizing radiation-induced oxidative damage may also affect DNA methylation status. However, the influence of low-dose ionizing radiation, such as occupational radiation exposure, on DNA methylation is still controversial.By investigating the relationship between occupational radiation exposure and DNA methylation changes, we evaluated whether radiation-induced oxidative damage was related to DNA methylation alterations and then determined the relationship among occupational radiation level, DNA methylation status, and oxidative damage in interventional physicians.The study population included 117 interventional physicians and 117 controls. We measured global methylation levels of peripheral blood leukocyte DNA and expression level of DNA methyltransferase (Dnmts) and homocysteine (Hcy) in serum to assess the DNA methylation status of the body. We measured 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHDG) and 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) levels as indices of oxidative damage. Relevance analysis between multiple indices can reflect the relationship among occupational radiation exposure, DNA methylation changes, and oxidative damage in interventional physicians.The expression levels of Dnmts, 4-HNE, and 8-OHDG in interventional physicians were higher than those in controls, while there was no statistical difference in total DNA methylation rate and expression of Hcy between interventional physicians and controls. Total cumulative personal dose equivalent in interventional physicians was positively correlated with the expression levels of Dnmts, 8-OHDG, and 4-HNE. The expression levels of 8-OHDG in interventional physicians were negatively correlated with global DNA methylation levels and positively correlated with the expression levels of Hcy.Occupational radiation exposure of interventional physicians has a certain effect on the expression of related enzymes in the process of DNA methylation, while ionizing radiation-induced oxidative damage also has a certain effect on DNA methylation. However, there was no evidence that dose burden of occupational exposure was associated to changes of DNA methylation status of interventional physicians, since it is rather unclear which differences are observed among the effects produced by radiation exposure and oxidative damage.


Assuntos
Dano ao DNA/efeitos da radiação , Metilação de DNA/efeitos da radiação , Exposição Ocupacional/análise , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos da radiação , Exposição à Radiação/análise , Radiologia Intervencionista/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Aldeídos/sangue , Desoxiguanosina/análogos & derivados , Desoxiguanosina/sangue , Feminino , Homocisteína/sangue , Humanos , Leucócitos/metabolismo , Masculino , Metiltransferases/sangue , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Médicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Exposição à Radiação/efeitos adversos
10.
Acta Cir Bras ; 34(7): e201900707, 2019 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31531528

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of splenic ischemic preconditioning (sIPC) on oxidative stress induced by hepatic ischemia-reperfusion in rats. METHODS: Fifteen male Wistar rats were equally divided into 3 groups: SHAM, IRI and sIPC. Animals from IRI group were subjected to 45 minutes of partial liver ischemia (70%). In the sIPC group, splenic artery was clamped in 2 cycles of 5 min of ischemia and 5 min of reperfusion (20 min total) prior to hepatic ischemia. SHAM group underwent the same surgical procedures as in the remaining groups, but no liver ischemia or sIPC were induced. After 1h, hepatic and splenic tissue samples were harvested for TBARS, CAT, GPx and GSH-Rd measurement. RESULTS: sIPC treatment significantly decreased both hepatic and splenic levels of TBARS when compared to IRI group (p<0.01). Furthermore, the hepatic and splenic activities of CAT, GPx and GSH- Rd were significantly higher in sIPC group than in IRI group. CONCLUSION: sIPC was able to attenuate hepatic and splenic IRI-induced oxidative stress.


Assuntos
Precondicionamento Isquêmico/métodos , Hepatopatias/prevenção & controle , Fígado/irrigação sanguínea , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/prevenção & controle , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Fígado/fisiologia , Hepatopatias/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/fisiopatologia
11.
Acta Cir Bras ; 34(7): e201900706, 2019 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31531540

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the protective roles of pyracantha fortune fruit extract (PFE) on acute renal toxicity induced by cadmium chloride (CdCl2) in rats. METHODS: Rats were pretreated with PFE and consecutively injected with CdCl2 (6.5 mg/kg) for 5 days. RESULTS: The concentration of Cd, kidney weight, malondialdehyde (MDA), and nitric oxide (NO) production were remarkably increased in CdCl2 group as well as the levels of plasma uric acid, urea, and creatinine (P < 0.001). However, the body weight and glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and glutathione peroxidase (GR) levels were markedly reduced by CdCl2 treatment (P < 0.001). Histological manifestations of renal tissue showed severely adverse changes. Moreover, CdCl2 treatment significantly decreased the B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) expression while increased the Bcl-2-Associated X Protein (Bax), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) expression (P < 0.001). Additionally, the expression of Nrf2/Keap 1 related proteins Keap-1 gained a significant increase (P < 0.001), whereas the Nrf2, HO-1, γ-GCS, GSH-Px and NQO1 expression decreased by CdCl2 treatment (P < 0.05). These rats were pretreated with PFE to improve the changes caused by CdCl2 treatment. CONCLUSION: PFE could protect the kidney against acute renal toxicity induced by CdCl2.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Cloreto de Cádmio/toxicidade , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/prevenção & controle , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Pyracantha/química , Animais , Catalase/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Frutas/química , Glutationa/metabolismo , Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo , Rim/patologia , Masculino , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
12.
Chin J Physiol ; 62(4): 148-156, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31535630

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of alcohol exposure on liver and kidney antioxidant systems in taurine exhibition during different time periods. Mice were divided into groups: I - control; II - alcohol (2.5 g/kg b.w.); III - taurine (42.84 mg/kg b.w.); and IV - alcohol + taurine. Treatments were provided for 24 h, 14 days, and 56 days. In the liver and kidney of the alcohol group, antioxidant enzyme (superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase) activities, reduced glutathione (GSH), and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels were decreased, as compared to the control group in all time periods. Taurine was found to be effectively inhibiting oxidative action of alcohol and increasing all the tested parameters in the liver (after 24 h) and kidney (after 24 h and 14 days). Moreover, the positive effect of taurine administration on GSH and MDA levels persisted in the kidneys of mice exposed to alcohol for 56 days. In conclusion, alcohol administration led to a significant influence on antioxidant system in the liver and kidney, but simultaneous intake of taurine, along with ethanol, partly attenuated the antioxidant changes in these organs.


Assuntos
Rim , Fígado , Animais , Antioxidantes , Catalase , Etanol , Glutationa , Glutationa Peroxidase , Peroxidação de Lipídeos , Camundongos , Estresse Oxidativo , Ratos Wistar , Superóxido Dismutase , Taurina
13.
Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi ; 154(3): 133-137, 2019.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31527363

RESUMO

Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) has been focused as a biological mediator, which modulates signal transduction and protects cells and tissues from oxidative stress. H2S is also expected as a neuroprotectant because it has a neuroprotective activity. Endogenous H2S is mainly generated from L-cysteine. However, it is difficult to use L-cysteine as a neuroprotectant because of its neurotoxicity. In 2013, a novel biogenesis pathway of H2S from D-cysteine has been identified. In this pathway, D-amino acid oxidase (DAO) converts D-cysteine to 3-mercaptopyruvate (3MP), followed by the generation of H2S from 3MP by 3-mercaptopyrvate sulfurtransferase. DAO is especially abundant in cerebellum among various brain regions and mediates efficient generation of H2S from D-cysteine in the cerebellar tissues. In addition, D-cysteine has more potent neuroprotective activity in cerebellar primary neurons than L-cysteine. Cerebella Purkinje cells (PCs) are characterized by the highly-branched dendrites and are important for cerebellar functions. The dendritic shrinkage and degeneration of PCs are frequently observed in patients and model mice of cerebellar ataxias. We revealed that D-cysteine enhanced dendritic development of primary cultured PCs, but L-cysteine impaired the dendritic development. This effect of D-cysteine was inhibited by DAO inhibitors and reproduced by 3MP and a H2S donor, suggesting that this enhancement of dendritic development is caused by the production of H2S from D-cysteine. Taken together, D-cysteine would be available as a neuroprotectant against cerebellar ataxias, which are accompanied with dendritic shrinkage of cerebellar PCs.


Assuntos
Cisteína/metabolismo , Sulfeto de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Neurônios/citologia , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/metabolismo , Animais , Células Cultivadas , D-Aminoácido Oxidase/antagonistas & inibidores , D-Aminoácido Oxidase/metabolismo , Humanos , Camundongos , Neurogênese , Estresse Oxidativo , Células de Purkinje/citologia
14.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 44(8): 594-8, 2019 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31475494

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) on pulmonary function, superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, and malondialdehyde (MDA) content in patients using tourniquet after lower extremity surgery. METHODS: A total of 40 patients who underwent lower extremity surgery were equally randomized into control group and TEAS group by using a random number table. All patients underwent lumbar epidural anesthesia combined with block anesthesia. The patients in the TEAS group were given TEAS at Zusanli (ST36) and Sanyinjiao (SP6) beginning from 30 min before surgery to the end of surgery, and those in the control group received TEAS at the same acupoints with minimum current intensity. Mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR) were recorded at each time point (T0: pre-surgery /TEAS, T1: 5 min after anesthesia, T2: 1 min before tourniquet-loosening, T3: 1 min after tourniquet-loosening, T4: 5 min after tourniquet-loosening, and T5: 6 h after tourniquet-loosening). Blood samples (4 mL) was collected from the radial artery before TEAS and 6 h after loosening tourniquet for analyzing blood gas parameters as partial pressure of caron dioxide(PCO2), arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2), alveolar partial pressure of oxygen (PAO2), alveolar-arterial oxygen pressure difference (PA-aDO2) and respiratory index (RI) by using a blood gas analyzer, and plasma SOD activity and MDA content were assayed by using xanthine oxidase method and thiobarbituric acid colorimetry method, respectively. RESULTS: Intra-group comparison showed that compared with T0, a significant increase was found in PA-aDO2 and RI at T5 and a significant reduction in PaO2 and PaO2/ PAO2 (a/A) ratio in the control group (P<0.05), and the same changes in the TEAS group (P<0.05) except a/A ratio. Comparison between two groups showed that at T5, both PaO2 and a/A levels were significantly higher in the TEAS group than in the control group (P<0.05), and both PA-aDO2 and RI levels were obviously lower in the TEAS group than in the control group (P<0.05), suggesting an improvement of the pulmonary function after TEAS. At T5, plasma SOD activity was significantly decreased and plasma MDA content was remarkably increased in the control group relevant to T0 (P<0.05), SOD activity was significantly higher in the TEAS group than in the control group (P<0.05), and MDA content was evidently lower in the TEAS group than in the control group (P<0.05), suggesting a reduction of oxidative stress response after TEAS. CONCLUSION: TEAS at ST36 and SP6 can improve pulmonary function and attenuate oxidative stress response in patients using tourniquet after lower extremity surgery.


Assuntos
Pontos de Acupuntura , Estimulação Elétrica Nervosa Transcutânea , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior , Estresse Oxidativo , Torniquetes
15.
J Assoc Physicians India ; 67(9): 60-64, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31561691

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the association of oxidative stress and serum vitamin D levels in sensory neuropathy in prediabetes. Methods: Serum and urine levels of 8-OHdG (a marker of oxidative stress) and serum levels of vitamin D were compared in prediabetic patient having sensory neuropathy to those who did not have sensory neuropathy as determined by VPTs measured by Digital Biothesiometer and MNSI (Michigan Neuropathy Screening Instrument). Result: A total of 60 prediabetic cases between 35 years to 60 years were included in this study. Among all the prediabetic subjects, 43.3 % subjects had neuropathy according to VPTs measured by Biothesiometer. T-test analysis suggested that serum levels of 8-OHdG were significantly higher in subjects with neuropathy than subjects without neuropathy (1006.58 ± 511.8 vs 688.6 ± 607.3, p value = 0.035). Urinary levels of 8-OHdG were also significantly higher in subjects with neuropathy than subjects without neuropathy (699.35 ± 419.5 vs 474.57 ± 402.5, p-value = 0.04). No such significant difference however was present in serum levels of vitamin D between neuropathic and non-neuropathic prediabetics (20.13 ± 18.44 vs 16.96 ± 11.72, p value = 0.419. VPTs were found to have statistically significant positive correlation with serum 8-OHdG {, Pearson Correlation Coefficient= 0.317(R), 0.307(L); p-value=0.014(R),0.017(L)} and urine 8-OHdG levels{Pearson Correlation Coefficient= 0.288(R), 0.255(L); p-value=0.026(R), 0.049(L),}. According to MNSI physical assessment score (> or = 2), 38.3 % subjects (23 subjects) had neuropathy. MNSI score is positively correlated with serum 8-OHdG (Pearson Correlation Coefficient = 0.308; p-value = 0.017). Correlation with urine 8-OHdG was not statistically significant (Pearson Correlation Coefficient= 0.687; p value = 0.06). Correlations of MNSI scores {Pearson Correlation Coefficient=0.14, p-value=0.287} and VPTs{Pearson Correlation Coefficient= 0.058(R), 0.189(L); p-value=0.660(R), 0.148(L)} with serum vitamin D levels were not statistically significant. Conclusion: Oxidative stress, as confirmed by the biomarker, 8-OHdG, has a important role in the development of this sensory neuropathy.


Assuntos
Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico , Estado Pré-Diabético , Nefropatias Diabéticas , Humanos , Estresse Oxidativo , Vitamina D , Vitaminas
16.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 35(7): 606-612, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31537245

RESUMO

Objective To investigate the effect of fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) on the lipid accumulation and inflammation induced by palmitate treatment in L02 hepatocytes and the underlying mechanism. Methods L02 cells were infected with lentivirus expressing SIRT1 shRNA to knockdown SIRT1 expression. Wild-type and SIRT1-knockdown L02 cells were treated with 250 mol/L palmitate for 5 days, and then administrated with 1 g/ml FGF21 for 72 hours. Triglycerides in the cells were detected with the infinity triglycerides reagent. Malondialdehyde (MDA) in the cells was assessed by MDA detection assay. Tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) and interleukin 6 (IL-6) levels in supernatant were measured by ELISA. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels were tested by the specific Amplex red ROS detection assay kit from Thermo Fisher Company. The gene expression of SIRT1, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator 1α (PGC1α), superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2) and catalase (CAT) were measured by real-time quantitative PCR. The protein levels of SIRT1, PGC1α, SOD2 and CAT were detected by Western blot analysis. Mitochondrial membrane potentials were detected by the JC-1staining kit. Mitochondrial oxygen consumption rate (OCR) was detected with the Seahorse XF Mito stress test kit. Results Palmitate increased the triglycerides level, induced the oxidative stress in both the cells and the mitochondria, decreased the gene expression and protein levels of SIRT1, PGC1α, SOD2 and CAT, increased the levels of TNF-α and IL-6, decreased the mitochondrial membrane potential, and impaired the mitochondrial function. FGF21 treatment could attenuate all of these effects caused by palmitate, while SIRT1 knockdown blocked most of the FGF21 effects on the L02 hepatocytes. Conclusion FGF21 activates SIRT1 pathway and inhibites the lipid accumulation, improves the mitochondrial function, and decreases the oxidative stress as well as inflammation in palmitate-treated L02 cells.


Assuntos
Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Sirtuína 1/metabolismo , Catalase/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Palmitatos , Coativador 1-alfa do Receptor gama Ativado por Proliferador de Peroxissomo/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase-1/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
17.
Phytopathology ; 109(10): 1679-1688, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31479404

RESUMO

Alternative oxidase (AOX) is a ubiquinol terminal oxidase that is involved in fungal mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation. In this study, we analyzed the roles of AOX in Botrytis cinerea by generating BcAOX deletion mutants. The mutants exhibited defects in mycelial growth, sporulation, spore germination, and virulence. Furthermore, the sensitivity of the mutants to quinone outside inhibitor fungicides and oxidative stress were increased. All phenotypic variations could be restored in the complemented strain. In summary, these results showed that BcAOX is involved in the regulation for vegetative development, adaptation to environmental stress, and virulence of B. cinerea.


Assuntos
Botrytis , Proteínas Mitocondriais , Oxirredutases , Oxigênio , Proteínas de Plantas , Botrytis/enzimologia , Botrytis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Botrytis/patogenicidade , Proteínas Mitocondriais/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Oxirredutases/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Virulência
18.
Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 48(3): 289-295, 2019 May 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31496161

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect and mechanism of glucosides of chaenomeles speciosa (GCS) on ischemia/reperfusion-induced brain injury in mouse model. METHODS: Fifty 8-week C57BL/C mice were randomly divided into five groups with 10 in each group:sham group, model group, GCS 30 mg/kg group, GCS 60 mg/kg group and GCS 90 mg/kg group, and the GCS was administrated by gavage (once a day) for 14 d. HE staining was performed to investigate the cell morphology; the Zea-Longa scores were measured for neurological activity; TUNEL staining was performed to investigate the cell apoptosis; ELISA was used to detected the oxidative stress and inflammation; Western Blot was performed to investigate the key pathway and neurological functional molecules. RESULTS: Compared with the sham group, the brain tissues in model group were seriously damaged, presenting severe cell apoptosis, oxidative stress and inflammation, associated with increased NF-κB P65 and TNF-α levels as well as decreased myelin associate glycoprotein (MAG) and oligodendrocyte-myelin glycoprotein (OMgp)levels (all P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the brain tissues in GCS groups were ameliorated, and cell apoptosis, oxidative stress and inflammation were inhibited, associated with decreased NF-κB P65 and TNF-α levels as well as increased MAG and OMgp levels (all P<0.01), which were more markedly in GCS 60 mg/kg group. CONCLUSIONS: GCS can inhibit the NF-κB P65 and TNF-α, reduce the oxidative stress and inflammation, decrease the cell apoptosis in mouse ischemia/reperfusion-induced brain injury model, and 60 mg/kg GCS may be the optimal dose.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas , Glucosídeos , Rosaceae , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Animais , Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Lesões Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Glucosídeos/farmacologia , Glucosídeos/uso terapêutico , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , NF-kappa B/genética , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Distribuição Aleatória , Rosaceae/química , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética
19.
Sci Total Environ ; 690: 1170-1177, 2019 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31470480

RESUMO

In recent decades, crude recycling of electronic waste (e-waste) has caused serious pollution and threatened wild organisms in certain regions. It is therefore valuable to investigate the pollution-induced toxic effects in situ using native fish species. Unlike the death or decline observed in other species, Anabas testudineus can better adapt to severe e-waste pollution. Using it as a model, the true status of this wild organism was revealed. We collected A. testudineus from two polluted sites (st1 and st2) and conducted transcriptome analyses of the liver, gill, and kidney. Clear whole-transcriptome differences were found between polluted and clean sites and between differentially polluted sites (st1 and st2). Pathway analysis revealed that long-term e-waste pollution would cause significant hypoxia, oxidative stress, and potentially apoptosis. Accordingly, several defensive responses were elicited including 'oxidation-reduction' and the 'unfolded protein response'. Certain biological processes, including 'DNA repair' and 'endoplasmic reticulum stress response', were altered in a tissue- or burden-specific pattern suggesting transcriptome plasticity in response to distinct burdens. This study revealed the toxic impacts of e-waste pollution on wild organisms using a native fish species. Additionally, due to its highly adaptive nature, A. testudineus could be a suitable test species for such severe conditions in the wild or otherwise.


Assuntos
Resíduo Eletrônico , Perciformes/fisiologia , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Animais , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Brânquias , Rim , Fígado , Estresse Oxidativo , Transcriptoma
20.
Cancer Invest ; 37(9): 489-500, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31496302

RESUMO

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer and leading cause of cancer death for males. Imipramine (IMI), which is a tricyclic antidepressant, has also been shown to has antineoplastic effect. This study was performed to investigate the radiosensitizing effect of IMI on DU145 prostate cancer cell. Cells were divided into 4 groups. Cell index, apoptotic activity, cell cycle arrest, oxidative stress and EAG1 channel currents were determined in all groups. Our findings showed that combined treatment with IMI and radiotherapy (RAD) did not enhance radiosensitivity of DU145 cells but as unexpected finding, treatment of IMI alone was more effective in DU145 cells.


Assuntos
Canais de Potássio Éter-A-Go-Go/metabolismo , Imipramina/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/metabolismo , Radiossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclo Celular/efeitos da radiação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos da radiação , Regulação para Baixo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Masculino , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos da radiação , Neoplasias da Próstata/terapia , Radioterapia
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