Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 149.587
Filtrar
1.
J Hazard Mater ; 416: 125861, 2021 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492809

RESUMO

Neonicotinoid insecticides have been widely used due to their excellent systemic activity and high insecticidal activity, but the problems of low utilization rate and environmental risk have attracted widespread attention. Controlled-release technology is an approach to realize the efficient utilization of pesticides and reduce environmental pressure. In this study, clothianidin (CLO) controlled-release granules (CLO@GR- TA (tannic acid)/Fe (III)) were prepared with TA/Fe (III) coordination chelate as the coating material. These granules exhibited the core-shell structure with 500-1200 µm of particle size, and had obvious release performance and hydrolysis behavior of coating materials. Pot experiments by root application showed that the CLO@GR-TA/Fe (III) showed balanced and lasting control efficacy to broad bean aphids. The plants have a stronger capacity for absorption and enrichment and a higher utilization rate of CLO for CLO@GR-TA/Fe (III), than those for 10% suspension concentrate (SC). One of the hydrolysates of coating materials, TA, a polyphenolic antioxidant, could improve the bioaccumulation amount and alleviating the oxidative stress response of CLO in plants. Our study illustrates that the controlled-release granules base on TA have efficient controlled-release properties and free radical scavenging performance that may eventually be used as pesticide carriers and antioxidants in the field of plant protection.


Assuntos
Praguicidas , Disponibilidade Biológica , Preparações de Ação Retardada , Guanidinas , Neonicotinoides/toxicidade , Estresse Oxidativo , Praguicidas/toxicidade , Tiazóis
2.
J Hazard Mater ; 416: 125885, 2021 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492823

RESUMO

Iron-based materials have been widely used for treating uranium-containing wastewater. However, the iron-uranium solids originating by treating radioactive water through pollutant transfer methods has become a new uncontrolled source of persistent radioactive pollution. The safe disposal of such hazardous waste is not yet well-resolved. The electrochemical mineralization method was developed to rapidly purify uranium-containing wastewater through lattice doping in magnetite and recover uranium without generating any pollutants. An unexpected isolation of U3O8 from uranium-doped magnetite was discovered through in-situ XRD with a temperature variation from 300 °C to 700 °C. Through HRTEM and DFT calculation, it was confirmed that the destruction of the inverse spinel crystal structure during the gradual transformation of magnetite into γ-Fe2O3 and α-Fe2O3 promoted the migration, aggregation, and isolation of uranium atoms. Uniquely generated U3O8 and Fe2O3 were easily separated and over 80% uranium and 99.5% iron could be recovered. These results demonstrate a new strategy for uranium utilization and the environmentally friendly treatment of uranium-containing wastewater.


Assuntos
Urânio , Poluentes Radioativos da Água , Ferro , Estresse Oxidativo , Águas Residuárias , Poluentes Radioativos da Água/análise
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(35): e26878, 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477121

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Many free radicles are implicated to activate a number of oncogenic signaling, cause damage to deoxyribonucleic acid and tumor suppressor genes, or promote expression of proto-oncogenes. Reduced level of antioxidants and increases oxidative stress markers are associated with the development of various types of cancer.This prospective study included 60 women who were grouped into equal groups. Patients group included 30 breast cancer women and control group consisting of 30 apparently healthy women. Both groups were compared regarding the serum levels of antioxidants biomarkers (vitamin C, ceruloplasmin, glutathione) and oxidative stress biomarkers, malondialdehyde (MDA), peroxynitrite, and gamma-glutamyl transferase.In regard to the antioxidant biomarkers, there was a significant difference between the patients and the controls regarding the levels of serum ceruloplasmin and glutathione, (P values .000) for each while vitamin C showed no significant correlation (P value .053), while regarding oxidative stress biomarkers, the correlation was significant for both peroxynitrite and MDA (P value .000 and .001) respectively, and not significant for gamma-glutamyl transferase (P value 1.00).Reduced level both ceruloplasmin and glutathione is seen in patients with breast cancer while vitamin C is not associated. Elevated levels of both peroxynitrite and MDA is seen in patients with breast cancer which may be used as serum markers for the early detection of breast cancer.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/análise , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Correlação de Dados , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estresse Oxidativo , Estudos Prospectivos
4.
Nanoscale ; 13(32): 13735-13745, 2021 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477648

RESUMO

Tumor radioresistance is a major issue in radiotherapy. To address it, a pH-responsive nanoradiosensitizer was synthesized employing a simple method. Initially, chloroplatinic acid was reduced by human serum albumin (HSA) to form HSA-wrapped Pt@HSA nanoparticles (NPs). Subsequently, cinnamicaldehyde (CA) was grafted on Pt@HSA via aldimine condensation to obtain nanoradiosensitizer Pt@HSA/CA NPs. CA would be released in tumor cells (pH = 5.5) to induce the production of reactive oxygen species, including H2O2, ˙OH, etc. The increased decomposition of H2O2 catalyzed by the NPs resulted in enhanced production of oxygen, leading to hypoxia relief of the tumor cells, which is beneficial for radiotherapy. Due to the high X-ray attenuation coefficient of Pt, Pt@HSA/CA NPs enhance the energy deposition of radiation. Cytotoxicity assay revealed that Pt@HSA/CA NPs resulted in a cell death rate of 77%, which was 24.4% higher than that of Pt@HSA NPs even under low-dose X-ray irradiation of 4 Gy. Colony formation assay demonstrated that the sensitization enhancement ratio was 1.37, indicating that Pt@HSA/CA NPs displayed remarkable radiosensitizing ability. Notably, in vivo results indicated that the NPs could increase the tumor inhibition rate to 91.2% with negligible side effects to normal tissues. These results demonstrate that Pt@HSA/CA NPs had outstanding tumor curative efficacy and hypotoxicity.


Assuntos
Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Nanopartículas , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Estresse Oxidativo
5.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 105(18): 6707-6718, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34476516

RESUMO

Pneumocandin B0, the precursor of the antifungal drug caspofungin, is a lipohexapeptide produced by the fungus Glarea lozoyensis. Oxidative stress and the resulting production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) are known to be involved in the regulation of pneumocandin B0 biosynthesis. In this study, the Glyap1 gene of Glarea lozoyensis, a homologue of the yeast redox regulator YAP1, was knocked out. The intracellular ROS levels of the resulting ΔGlyap1 strain were higher than in the wild-type strain, which was caused by the downregulated expression of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT). Compared with the wild-type strain, ΔGlyap1 exhibited an oxidative phenotype throughout its life cycle, which resulted in significantly higher pneumocandin B0 production per unit biomass. In addition, ΔGlyap1 showed growth inhibition and decreased pneumocandin B0 production in the presence of CCl4, which leads to strong oxidative stress. To overcome the strain's sensitivity, a three-stage antioxidant addition strategy was developed. This approach significantly improved the growth of ΔGlyap1 while maintaining a high pneumocandin B0 production per unit biomass, which reached 38.78 mg/g DCW. Notably, this result represents a 50% increase over the wild-type strain. These findings provide new insights into the regulatory mechanisms that control pneumocandin B0 production under oxidative stress, which may be applied to improve the production of other secondary metabolites. KEY POINTS: • Glyap1 is involved in expression of redox and pneumocandin B0 synthesis-related genes. • Addition of a three-stage antioxidant alleviated the sensitivity of ΔGlyap1 strain. • The yield of pneumocandin B0 per unit biomass of ΔGlyap1 strain was 38.78 mg/g DCW.


Assuntos
Ascomicetos , Equinocandinas , Ascomicetos/genética , Ascomicetos/metabolismo , Equinocandinas/metabolismo , Oxirredução , Estresse Oxidativo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio
6.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 21(1): 319, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34470600

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Long-term use of topical, especially benzalkonium chloride (BAC)-preserved, antiglaucoma medications can cause a negative impact on the ocular surface. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of topical carbonic anhydrase inhibitors (CAIs) on selected oxidative stress biomarkers in the tear film. METHODS: The patients were divided into four sex-matched groups: group C (n = 25) - control group - subjects who did not use topical antiglaucoma medications, group DL (n = 14) - patients using preservative-free dorzolamide, group DL + BAC (n = 16) - patients using topical BAC-preserved dorzolamide, group BL + BAC (n = 17) - patients using BAC-preserved brinzolamide. Subjects in all the study groups have been using the eye drops two times daily for 6-12 months. The oxidative stress biomarkers in the tear film samples were measured: total protein (TP) concentration, advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP) content, total sulfhydryl (-SH) groups content, the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and glutathione peroxidase (GPx), as well as Total Oxidant Status (TOS), Total Antioxidant Response (TAR), and Oxidative Stress Index (OSI). RESULTS: The advanced oxidation protein products content, Total Oxidant Status as well as superoxide dismutase and catalase activities in the group DL + BAC and BL + BAC were higher in comparison with the group C. The total sulfhydryl groups content was lower in the group DL + BAC and BL + BAC when compared to group C. Oxidative Stress Index was higher in the groups DL + BAC and BL + BAC in comparison with the groups DL and C. CONCLUSIONS: Use of topical benzalkonium chloride-preserved carbonic anhydrase inhibitors increases oxidative stress in the tear film.


Assuntos
Compostos de Benzalcônio , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica , Compostos de Benzalcônio/farmacologia , Biomarcadores , Humanos , Soluções Oftálmicas , Estresse Oxidativo , Sulfonamidas , Tiazinas , Tiofenos
7.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5214, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34471131

RESUMO

Dyslipidemia and resulting lipotoxicity are pathologic signatures of metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes. Excess lipid causes cell dysfunction and induces cell death through pleiotropic mechanisms that link to oxidative stress. However, pathways that regulate the response to metabolic stress are not well understood. Herein, we show that disruption of the box H/ACA SNORA73 small nucleolar RNAs encoded within the small nucleolar RNA hosting gene 3 (Snhg3) causes resistance to lipid-induced cell death and general oxidative stress in cultured cells. This protection from metabolic stress is associated with broad reprogramming of oxidative metabolism that is dependent on the mammalian target of rapamycin signaling axis. Furthermore, we show that knockdown of SNORA73 in vivo protects against hepatic steatosis and lipid-induced oxidative stress and inflammation. Our findings demonstrate a role for SNORA73 in the regulation of metabolism and lipotoxicity.


Assuntos
Fígado Gorduroso/tratamento farmacológico , Fígado Gorduroso/metabolismo , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , RNA Nucleolar Pequeno/metabolismo , Animais , Células CHO , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cricetulus , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Fígado Gorduroso/genética , Homeostase , Inflamação , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Lipídeos/farmacologia , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , RNA Longo não Codificante , RNA Nucleolar Pequeno/genética , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
8.
J Hazard Mater ; 416: 125903, 2021 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492839

RESUMO

Copper is considered as an indispensable trace element for living organisms. However, over-exposure to Cu can lead to adverse health effects on human. In this study, CuSO4 decreased sperm concentration and motility, increased sperm malformation rate. Concurrently, testicular damage including testicular histopathological aberrations and reduction of testis relative weight were observed. Then, the mechanism underlying Cu-induced testicular toxicity was explored. According to the results, CuSO4 elevated ROS production while reducing antioxidant function. Additionally, CuSO4 induced apoptosis which was featured by MMP depolarization and up-regulated levels of cleaved-caspase-3, cleaved-caspase-8, cleaved-caspase-9, caspase-12, cleaved-PARP and Bax, whereas down-regulated Bcl-2 expression. Meanwhile, CuSO4 caused testis DNA damage (up-regulation of γ-H2AX protein expression) and suppressed DNA repair pathways including BER, NER, HR, MMR, together with the NHEJ repair pathways, yet did not affect MGMT. To investigate the role of oxidative stress in CuSO4-induced apoptosis and DNA damage, the antioxidant NAC was co-treated with CuSO4. NAC attenuated CuSO4-induced ROS production, inhibited apoptosis and DNA damage. Furthermore, the spermatogenesis disorder was also abolished in the co-treatment with CuSO4 and NAC group. Altogether, abovementioned results indicated that CuSO4-induced spermatogenesis disorder is related to oxidative stress-mediated DNA damage and germ cell apoptosis, impairing male reproductive function.


Assuntos
Estresse Oxidativo , Espermatogênese , Apoptose , Dano ao DNA , Humanos , Masculino , Espermatozoides , Testículo/metabolismo
9.
J Hazard Mater ; 416: 125921, 2021 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492853

RESUMO

In-situ stabilization has been considered an effective way to remediate metal contaminated soil. Thus, pot experiments were undertaken to investigate the effectiveness of multiple stabilization agents such as biochar (BC), mussel shell (MS), zeolite (ZE) and limestone (LS) on the immobilization of Ni, physicochemical features and enzyme activities in polluted soil. Results showed that the sole application of Ni adversely affected the rapeseed growth, photosynthetic pigments, and antioxidative defense. However, the addition of amendments to the contaminated soil significantly reduced Ni bioavailability. The XRD analysis confirmed the formation of Ni related ligands and FTIR showed the presence of hydroxyl, carboxyl and sulfur functional groups, as well as complexation and adsorption of Ni on amendments. Among multiple amendments, biochar significantly enhanced plant biomass attributes and total chlorophyll content. Moreover, addition of amendments also strengthened the antioxidant defense by decreasing Ni induced oxidative stress (H2O2 and O2.-), increased macronutrient availability, reduced Ni uptake and improved soil health. The qPCR analysis showed that the Ni transporters were significantly suppressed by amendments, which is correlated with the lower accumulation of Ni in rapeseed. The present study showed that immobilizing agents, especially biochar, is an effective amendment to immobilize Ni in soil, which restricts its entry into the food chain.


Assuntos
Brassica napus , Poluentes do Solo , Carvão Vegetal , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Níquel/análise , Estresse Oxidativo , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise
10.
J Hazard Mater ; 416: 125969, 2021 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492880

RESUMO

In the present study the effects of sublethal concentrations of polystyrene microplastics (PS-MPs) on zebrafish were evaluated at multiple levels, related to fish activity and oxidative stress, metabolic changes and contraction parameters in the heart tissue. Zebrafish were fed for 21 days food enriched with PS-MPs (particle sizes 3-12 µm) and a battery of stress indices like DNA damage, lipid peroxidation, autophagy, ubiquitin levels, caspases activation, metabolite adjustments, frequency and force of ventricular contraction were measured in fish heart, parallel to fish swimming velocity. In particular, exposure to PS-MPs caused significant decrease in heart function and swimming competence, while enhanced levels of oxidative stress indices and metabolic adjustments were observed in the heart of challenged species. Among stress indices, DNA damage was more vulnerable to the effect of PS-MPs. Our results provide evidence on the multiplicity of the PS-MPs effects on cellular function, physiology and metabolic pathways and heart rate of adult fish and subsequent effects on fish activity and fish fitness thus enlightening MPs characterization as a potent environmental pollutant.


Assuntos
Microplásticos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Estresse Oxidativo , Plásticos , Poliestirenos/metabolismo , Poliestirenos/toxicidade , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
11.
J Hazard Mater ; 416: 126158, 2021 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492938

RESUMO

Graphene oxide (GO) nanomaterials have significant advantages for drug delivery and electrode materials in neural science, however, their exposure risks to the central nervous system (CNS) and toxicity concerns are also increased. The current studies of GO-induced neurotoxicity remain still ambiguous, let alone the mechanism of how complicated GO chemistry affects its biological behavior with neural cells. In this study, we characterized the commercially available GO in detail and investigated its biological adverse effects using cultured SH-SY5Y cells. We found that ultrasonic processing in medium changed the oxidation status and surface reactivity on the planar surface of GO due to its hydration activity, causing lipid peroxidation and cell membrane damage. Subsequently, ROS-disrupted mitochondrial homeostasis, resulting from the activation of NOX2 signaling, was observed following GO internalization. The autophagy-lysosomal network was initiated as a defensive reaction to obliterate oxidative damaged mitochondria and foreign nanomaterials, which was ineffective due to reduced lysosomal degradation capacity. These sequential cellular responses exacerbated mitochondrial stress, leading to apoptotic cell death. These data highlight the importance of the structure-related activity of GO on its biological properties and provide an in-depth understanding of how GO-derived cellular redox signaling induces mitochondrion-related cascades that modulate cell functionality and survival.


Assuntos
Autofagia , Lisossomos , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Grafite , Homeostase , Lisossomos/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias , Oxirredução , Estresse Oxidativo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
12.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 128: 112320, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474871

RESUMO

This study aimed to fabricate cinnamon essential oil (CO)-laden 45S5 bioactive glass (BG)/soy protein (SP) scaffolds exhibiting antioxidant and antibacterial activity. In this regard, 45S5 BG-based scaffolds were produced by the foam replica method, and subsequently the scaffolds were coated with various concentrations of CO (2.5, 5 and 7 (v/v) %) incorporated SP solution. Scanning electron microscopy images revealed that the CO-laden SP effectively attached to the 45S5 BG scaffold struts. The presence of 45S5 BG, SP and CO was confirmed using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Compressive strength results indicated that SP based coatings improved the scaffolds' mechanical properties compared to uncoated BG scaffolds. The loading efficiency and releasing behaviour of the different CO concentrations were tested by gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy and UV-Vis spectroscopy. The results showed that CO incorporated scaffolds have controlled releasing behaviour over seven days. Furthermore, the coating on the scaffold surfaces slightly retarded, but it did not inhibit, the in vitro bioactivity of the scaffolds. Moreover, the antioxidant and antibacterial activity of CO was studied. The free radical scavenging activity measured by DPPH was 5 ± 1, 41 ± 3, 44 ± 1 and 43 ± 1 % for BGSP, CO2.5, CO5 and CO7, respectively. The antioxidant activity was thus enhanced by incorporating CO. Agar diffusion and colony counting results indicated that the incorporation of CO increased the antibacterial activity of scaffolds against S. aureus and E. coli. In addition, cytotoxicity of the scaffolds was investigated using MG-63 osteoblast-like cells. The results showed that the BG-SP scaffold was non-toxic under the investigated conditions, whereas dose-dependent toxicity was observed in CO-laden scaffolds. Considered together, the developed phytotherapeutic agent laden 45S5 BG-based scaffolds are promising for bone tissue engineering exhibiting capability to combat bone infections and to protect against oxidative stress damage.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Óleos Voláteis , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Cerâmica , Cinnamomum zeylanicum , Escherichia coli , Vidro , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Estresse Oxidativo , Proteínas de Soja , Staphylococcus aureus , Engenharia Tecidual , Tecidos Suporte
13.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e242942, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468508

RESUMO

Thimerosal is an organomercurial compound, which is used in the preparation of intramuscular immunoglobulin, antivenoms, tattoo inks, skin test antigens, nasal products, ophthalmic drops, and vaccines as a preservative. In most of animal species and humans, the kidney is one of the main sites for mercurial compounds deposition and target organs for toxicity. So, the current research was intended to assess the thimerosal induced nephrotoxicity in male rats. Twenty-four adult male albino rats were categorized into four groups. The first group was a control group. Rats of Group-II, Group-III, and Group-IV were administered with 0.5µg/kg, 10µg/kg, and 50µg/kg of thimerosal once a day, respectively. Thimerosal administration significantly decreased the activities of catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD), glutathione reductase (GR), glutathione (GSH), and protein content while increased the thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) levels dose-dependently. Blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine, urobilinogen, urinary proteins, kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) levels were substantially increased. In contrast, urinary albumin and creatinine clearance was reduced dose-dependently in thimerosal treated groups. The results demonstrated that thimerosal significantly increased the inflammation indicators including nuclear factor kappaB (NF-κB), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), Interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), Interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) activities, DNA and histopathological damages dose-dependently. So, the present findings ascertained that thimerosal exerted nephrotoxicity in male albino rats.


Assuntos
Estresse Oxidativo , Timerosal , Animais , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Rim , Masculino , Ratos , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Timerosal/metabolismo , Timerosal/toxicidade
14.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e243438, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468509

RESUMO

Cisplatin (CP) is a commonly used, powerful antineoplastic drug, having numerous side effects. Casticin (CAS) is considered as a free radical scavenger and a potent antioxidant. The present research was planned to assess the curative potential of CAS on CP persuaded renal injury in male albino rats. Twenty four male albino rats were distributed into four equal groups. Group-1 was considered as a control group. Animals of Group-2 were injected with 5mg/kg of CP intraperitoneally. Group-3 was co-treated with CAS (50mg/kg) orally and injection of CP (5mg/kg). Group-4 was treated with CAS (50mg/kg) orally throughout the experiment. CP administration substantially reduced the activities of catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD), glutathione S-transferase (GST), glutathione reductase (GSR), glutathione (GSH) content while increased thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) levels. Urea, urinary creatinine, urobilinogen, urinary proteins, kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) levels were substantially increased. In contrast, albumin and creatinine clearance was significantly reduced in CP treated group. The results demonstrated that CP significantly increased the inflammation indicators including nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), Interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), Interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) activity and histopathological damages. However, the administration of CAS displayed a palliative effect against CP-generated renal toxicity and recovered all parameters by bringing them to a normal level. These results revealed that the CAS is an effective compound having the curative potential to counter the CP-induced renal damage.


Assuntos
Cisplatino , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Animais , Antioxidantes , Cisplatino/toxicidade , Flavonoides , Masculino , Estresse Oxidativo , Ratos , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
15.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e246194, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468514

RESUMO

Desvenlafaxine succinate (DVS) inhibits serotonin reuptake selectively and is approved for major depressive disorders. This research investigated influence of DVS on modulating brain monoamine and oxidative stress in mice. The antiepileptic potential of DVS (10, 20, or 30 mg/kg/i.p.) in pentylenetetrazole (PTZ; 85 mg/kg) with i.p. route of administration, strychnine (STR; 75 mg/kg) with i.p. route, pilocarpine (400 mg/kg) with s.c. route and maximal electroshock MES-induced convulsion in mouse models. The activities of oxidative stress, i.e. superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione (GSH) and lipid peroxidation (LPO) as well as gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the brains of PTZ-induced convulsive mice. Treatment with DVS increased the latency to develop siezures and declined mortalities in rodents against PTZ, STR and pilocarpine-induced convulsions. Results of MES-leaded siezures revealed that DVS reduced tonic hind limb extension duration and mortalities significantly. Brain, SOD, GSH and GABA level were significantly (P<0.01) increased and LPO reduced significantly (P<0.01) after DVS treatment. Furthermore, the DVS did not show any motor coordination signs in the rotarod test. We demonstrated that the role of DVS in convulsion genesis in mice under control condition and attenuate the PTZ-induced oxidative damage.


Assuntos
Anticonvulsivantes , Transtorno Depressivo Maior , Animais , Anticonvulsivantes/farmacologia , Anticonvulsivantes/uso terapêutico , Encéfalo , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/tratamento farmacológico , Succinato de Desvenlafaxina/farmacologia , Camundongos , Estresse Oxidativo
16.
Chemosphere ; 282: 131133, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34470170

RESUMO

The rapid development of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) in the field of fish disease control and prevention raises concerns about the toxicity and safe use in fish. This study was performed to assess the effect on histological changes, oxidative stress related markers in response to various concentrations of amine-functionalized single carbon nanotubes (NH2 f-SWCNT) (1, 10 and 100 mg kg-1 fish) in Channel Catfish (Ietalurus Punetaus) for up to 10 days. Moreover, pro-inflammatory cytokine genes and apoptotic genes were analyzed to obtain a better understanding of molecular mechanism of NH2 f-SWCNT induced toxicity. As a result, intraperitoneal (i.p.) administration of NH2 f-SWCNT caused dose-dependent and time-dependent injuries in the sampled tissues. In comparison with the control groups, decrease of catalase (CAT) activity and superoxide dismutase (SOD), and increase of malondialdehyde (MDA) and lactin dehydrogenase (LDH) were observed in all treatments. Real-time PCR assay showed inflammatory response with dose-dependent increase of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) and transient increase of interleukin 1ß (IL-1ß) in the liver. NH2 f-SWCNT administration induced increase of p38 as well as caspase-3 in all treatments compared to the control groups, indicating the involvement of p38-MAPK cascade and caspase-3 cascade in liver cell apoptosis. Overall, we conclude that NH2 f-SWCNT exert effects by direct injury and indirectly oxidative stress, resulting in inflammation and apoptosis, which provides data for understanding of the biological mechanisms underlying the toxicity of CNTs in fish.


Assuntos
Ictaluridae , Nanotubos de Carbono , Aminas , Animais , Apoptose , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Nanotubos de Carbono/toxicidade , Estresse Oxidativo
17.
J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo) ; 67(4): 234-242, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34470998

RESUMO

Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and lutein are important nutrients for brain health. Whether there were synergistic effects of DHA and lutein on the protection against neuronal cell damage induced by oxidative stress remained unclear. The present study was designed to investigate the synergistic effects of DHA and lutein against hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced oxidative challenge in PC12 cells. PC12 cells were divided into different groups and received H2O2 (80 µM), lutein (20 µM)+H2O2 (80 µM), DHA (25 µM)+H2O2 (80 µM), and lutein (20 µM)+DHA (25 µM)+H2O2 (80 µM), respectively. The results indicated that pre-treatment of cells with lutein, DHA and DHA+lutein could significantly antagonize the H2O2-mediated growth inhibition and morphological changes in PC12 cells (p<0.05). Molecularlevel studies indicated that the DHA+lutein combination can significantly inhibit the mRNA expression of AMAD10 and BAX. Furthermore, Western blot analysis demonstrated that DHA+lutein synergistically inhibits the phosphorylation of JNK1/2. The results of the present study suggest that DHA and lutein in combination may be utilized as potent antioxidative compounds, with potential preventative or palliative effects on age-related neurodegenerative diseases.


Assuntos
Ácidos Docosa-Hexaenoicos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Animais , Apoptose , Sobrevivência Celular , Ácidos Docosa-Hexaenoicos/farmacologia , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/toxicidade , Luteína/farmacologia , Estresse Oxidativo , Células PC12 , Ratos
18.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(15): 3900-3906, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472266

RESUMO

As a common disease worldwide, alcoholic liver injury is caused by long-term or excessive intake of alcohol and triggers cell death due to alcohol metabolism and reactive oxygen species(ROS)-mediated cytotoxicity. Wangshi Baochi(WSBC) Pills have been widely adopted in clinical practice for evacuating stasis, resolving turbidity, clearing heat, tranquilizing mind, invigorating sto-mach, promoting digestion, purging fire and removing toxin. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of WSBC Pills in dispelling the effect of alcohol and protecting against acute alcoholic liver/stomach injury in mice, and preliminarily investigate its possible mole-cular mechanism. The results found that the preventive treatment with WSBC Pills contributed to elevating the activity of alcohol dehydrogenase(ADH) and its expression in liver and shortening the time required for sobering up of mice with acute alcoholic liver injury. The staining of liver pathological sections as well as the detection of serum aspartate aminotransferase(AST) and alanine aminotransferase(ALT) and liver ROS levels revealed that WSBC Pills protected the liver by reducing serum AST and ALT. It suppressed oxidative stress-induced liver injury by lowering liver ROS and elevating superoxide dismutase(SOD), and the liver-protecting effect was superior to that of silibinin. Western blot assay confirmed that WSBC Pills inhibited the oxidative stress by up-regulating SOD1 and NAD(P)H: quinone oxidoreductase 1(NQO-1). In addition, WSBC Pills lowered the ROS level to protect against the acute alcoholic stomach injury in mice. The findings have suggested that WSBC Pills alleviated the acute alcoholic liver/stomach injury in mice by increasing ADH and resisting oxidative stress.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Hepatopatias Alcoólicas , Animais , Etanol , Fígado/metabolismo , Camundongos , Estresse Oxidativo , Estômago
19.
Chin J Physiol ; 64(4): 202-209, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472451

RESUMO

Gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), a natural fatty acid obtained from oils of various vegetables and seeds, has been demonstrated as an anticancer agent. In this work, we investigated the anticancer effects of GLA on breast cancer BT-474 cells. GLA at 30 µM, a concentration reportedly within the range of circulating concentrations in clinical studies, caused apoptotic cell death. GLA caused an elevation in mitochondrial Ca2+ level and a decrease in mitochondrial membrane potential. GLA treatment depleted cyclopiazonic acid (CPA)-sensitive Ca2+ store and triggered substantial Ca2+ influx. Intracellular Ca2+ release triggered by GLA was suppressed by 3 µM xestospongin C (XeC, IP3 receptor-channel blocker) and 100 µM ryanodine (ryanodine receptor-channel blocker), suggesting that the Ca2+ release was via IP3 receptor-channel and ryanodine receptor-channel. Increased expressions of p-eIF2α and CHOP were observed in GLA-treated cells, suggesting GLA-treated cells had increased expressions of p-eIF2α and CHOP, which suggest endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. In addition, GLA elicited increased production of reactive oxygen species. Taken together, our results suggest a basal level of GLA induced apoptotic cell death by causing Ca2+ overload, mitochondrial dysfunction, Ca2+ store depletion, ER stress, and oxidative stress. This is the first report to show that GLA caused Ca2+ store depletion and ER stress. GLA-induced Ca2+ store depletion resulted from opening of IP3 receptor-channel and ryanodine receptor-channel.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Ácido gama-Linolênico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Cálcio/metabolismo , Retículo Endoplasmático/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Estresse Oxidativo , Ácido gama-Linolênico/metabolismo
20.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 46(8): 642-8, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472748

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) at "Zusanli"(ST36)-"Sanyinjiao"(SP6) on glucose and lipid metabolism and insulin resistance (IR) in obese diabetic rats, so as to explore its mechanism underlying improvement of obesity diabetes. METHODS: SPF male rats were randomly divided into normal control, model, meridian-acupoint EA (acupoint), non-meridian non-acupoint EA (non-acupoint), and medication (metformin) groups, with 10 rats in each group. The diabetes model was established by feeding the rats with high-fat diet for 8 weeks. EA (1.5 mA, 10 Hz/100 Hz) was applied to unilateral ST36 and SP6 for 20 min, once daily (except Sundays) for 4 weeks. Rats of the medication group were treated by gavage of metformin (300 mg/kg) once daily for 4 weeks (except Sundays). The body weight and length were measured and the Lee's index was calculated. The contents of total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) in the plasma were detected by using a full-automatic biochemical analyzer. The content of fasting serum insulin (FINS) was assayed by using radioimmunoassay, the fasting blood glucose (FBG) was measured, and serum superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity by using xanthine oxidase method, serum malondialdehyde (MDA) by color method, serum glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activity by indirect method, reactive oxygen species (ROS) by Dithio-bis-nitrobenzoic acid (DTNB) direct method, and the homeostasis model assessment of IR (HOMA-IR) and insulin sensitive index (ISI) were calculated. The expression levels of pancreatic tissue P66shc mRNA and PKCß mRNA were detected by using RT-PCR, and the histopathological changes of the liver and adipose tissues were observed after H.E. staining. RESULTS: Compared with the normal control group, the Lee's index, levels of FBG, FINS, HOMA-IR, TC, TG, LDL-C, MDA, ROS, and P66shc mRNA and PKCß mRNA expressions were significantly increased (P<0.05,P<0.01), and ISI, HDL-C, SOD, GSH-Px significantly decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01) in the model group. After the interventions, the levels of Lee's index,levels of FBG, FINS, HOMA-IR, TC, TG, LDL-C, MDA, ROS, and expressions of P66shc mRNA and PKCß mRNA were remarkably down-regulated (P<0.05, P<0.01), and those of ISI, HDL-C, SOD, and GSH-Px up-regulated (P<0.05, P<0.01) in both EA and medication groups. H.E. staining showed many white adipocytes in the adipose tissue, radial and cord-like arrangement of liver cells, and many of them with vacuoles in the cytoplasm of small vesicular lipid droplets in the model group; and relative reduction of white adipocytes in number, smaller in cell body, and no obvious abnormal changes of structure and arrangement of liver cells in the EA and medication groups. CONCLUSION: EA of ST36 and SP6 can improve glucose and lipid metabolism and IR in obese diabetic rats, which may be related to its function in suppressing PKCß/P66shc signaling and oxidative stress.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Eletroacupuntura , Pontos de Acupuntura , Animais , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/terapia , Masculino , Obesidade/genética , Obesidade/terapia , Estresse Oxidativo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Proteína 1 de Transformação que Contém Domínio 2 de Homologia de Src
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...