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1.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5214, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34471131

RESUMO

Dyslipidemia and resulting lipotoxicity are pathologic signatures of metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes. Excess lipid causes cell dysfunction and induces cell death through pleiotropic mechanisms that link to oxidative stress. However, pathways that regulate the response to metabolic stress are not well understood. Herein, we show that disruption of the box H/ACA SNORA73 small nucleolar RNAs encoded within the small nucleolar RNA hosting gene 3 (Snhg3) causes resistance to lipid-induced cell death and general oxidative stress in cultured cells. This protection from metabolic stress is associated with broad reprogramming of oxidative metabolism that is dependent on the mammalian target of rapamycin signaling axis. Furthermore, we show that knockdown of SNORA73 in vivo protects against hepatic steatosis and lipid-induced oxidative stress and inflammation. Our findings demonstrate a role for SNORA73 in the regulation of metabolism and lipotoxicity.


Assuntos
Fígado Gorduroso/tratamento farmacológico , Fígado Gorduroso/metabolismo , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , RNA Nucleolar Pequeno/metabolismo , Animais , Células CHO , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cricetulus , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Fígado Gorduroso/genética , Homeostase , Inflamação , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Lipídeos/farmacologia , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , RNA Longo não Codificante , RNA Nucleolar Pequeno/genética , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
2.
Virulence ; 12(1): 2214-2227, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34494942

RESUMO

An oral antiviral against SARS-CoV-2 that also attenuates inflammatory instigators of severe COVID-19 is not available to date. Herein, we show that the apoA-I mimetic peptide 4 F inhibits Spike mediated viral entry and has antiviral activity against SARS-CoV-2 in human lung epithelial Calu3 and Vero-E6 cells. In SARS-CoV-2 infected Calu3 cells, 4 F upregulated inducers of the interferon pathway such as MX-1 and Heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) and downregulated mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (mito-ROS) and CD147, a host protein that mediates viral entry. 4 F also reduced associated cellular apoptosis and secretion of IL-6 in both SARS-CoV-2 infected Vero-E6 and Calu3 cells. Thus, 4 F attenuates in vitro SARS-CoV-2 replication, associated apoptosis in epithelial cells and secretion of IL-6, a major cytokine related to COVID-19 morbidity. Given established safety of 4 F in humans, clinical studies are warranted to establish 4 F as therapy for COVID-19.


Assuntos
Antivirais/farmacologia , Peptídeos/farmacologia , SARS-CoV-2/efeitos dos fármacos , Replicação Viral/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Basigina/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais , Proteoglicanas de Heparan Sulfato/metabolismo , Humanos , Inflamação , Interferons/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , SARS-CoV-2/fisiologia , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/metabolismo , Ligação Viral/efeitos dos fármacos , Internalização do Vírus/efeitos dos fármacos
3.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445623

RESUMO

Human breast milk lipids have major beneficial effects: they promote infant early brain development, growth and health. To identify the relationship between human breast milk lipids and infant neurodevelopment, multivariate analyses that combined lipidomics and psychological Bayley-III scales evaluation were utilized. We identified that 9,12-octadecadiynoic acid has a significantly positive correlation with infant adaptive behavioral development, which is a crucial neurodevelopment to manage risk from environmental stress. To further clarify the biological function of 9,12-octadecadiynoic acid in regulating neurodevelopment, Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) was used as a model to investigate the effect of 9,12-octadecadiynoic acid on neurobehavioral development. Supplementation with 9,12-octadecadiynoic acid from the L1 to L4 stage in larvae affected locomotive behaviors and foraging ability that were not socially interactive, implying that 9,12-octadecadiynoic acid is involved in regulating the serotonergic neuronal ability. We found that supplementary 0.1 µM 9,12-octadecadiynoic acid accelerated the locomotive ability and foraging ability via increasing the expression of serotonin transporter mod-1. Antioxidant defense genes, sod-1, sod-3 and cyp-35A2 are involved in 9,12-octadecadiynoic acid-induced motor neuronal activity. Nevertheless, supplementary 9,12-octadecadiynoic acid at concentrations above 1 µM significantly attenuated locomotive behaviors, foraging ability, serotonin synthesis, serotonin-related gene expressions and stress-related gene expression, resulting in the decreased longevity of worms in the experiment. In conclusion, our study demonstrates the biological function of 9,12-octadecadiynoic acid in governing adaptive behavioral development.


Assuntos
Comportamento Animal/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Caenorhabditis elegans/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento/efeitos dos fármacos , Larva/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácido Linoleico/farmacologia , Sistema Nervoso/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Caenorhabditis elegans , Proteínas de Caenorhabditis elegans/genética , Larva/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Sistema Nervoso/crescimento & desenvolvimento
4.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445428

RESUMO

While many antitumor drugs have yielded unsatisfactory therapeutic results, drugs are one of the most prevalent therapeutic measures for the treatment of cancer. The development of cancer largely results from mutations in nuclear DNA, as well as from those in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). Molecular hydrogen (H2), an inert molecule, can scavenge hydroxyl radicals (·OH), which are known to be the strongest oxidizing reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the body that causes these DNA mutations. It has been reported that H2 has no side effects, unlike conventional antitumor drugs, and that it is effective against many diseases caused by oxidative stress and chronic inflammation. Recently, there has been an increasing number of papers on the efficacy of H2 against cancer and its effects in mitigating the side effects of cancer treatment. In this review, we demonstrate the efficacy and safety of H2 as a novel antitumor agent and show that its mechanisms may not only involve the direct scavenging of ·OH, but also other indirect biological defense mechanisms via the regulation of gene expression.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Neoplasias/genética , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Hidrogênio/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445439

RESUMO

Paclitaxel is an essential drug in the chemotherapy of ovarian, non-small cell lung, breast, gastric, endometrial, and pancreatic cancers. However, it frequently causes peripheral neuropathy as a dose-limiting factor. Animal models of paclitaxel-induced peripheral neuropathy (PIPN) have been established. The mechanisms of PIPN development have been elucidated, and many drugs and agents have been proven to have neuroprotective effects in basic studies. In addition, some of these drugs have been validated in clinical studies for their inhibitory PIPN effects. This review summarizes the basic and clinical evidence for therapeutic or prophylactic effects for PIPN. In pre-clinical research, many reports exist of neuropathy inhibitors that target oxidative stress, inflammatory response, ion channels, transient receptor potential (TRP) channels, cannabinoid receptors, and the monoamine nervous system. Alternatively, very few drugs have demonstrated PIPN efficacy in clinical trials. Thus, enhancing translational research to translate pre-clinical research into clinical research is important.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/efeitos adversos , Paclitaxel/efeitos adversos , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/induzido quimicamente , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/metabolismo , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/prevenção & controle , Profilaxia Pré-Exposição , Pesquisa Médica Translacional
6.
Nutrients ; 13(7)2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371842

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to investigate the possible protective effects of a garlic hydroalcoholic extract on the burden of oxidative stress and inflammation occurring on mouse heart specimens exposed to E. coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS), which is a well-established inflammatory stimulus. Headspace solid-phase microextraction combined with the gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (HS-SPME/GC-MS) technique was applied to determine the volatile fraction of the garlic powder, and the HS-SPME conditions were optimized for each of the most representative classes of compounds. CIEL*a*b* colorimetric analyses were performed on the powder sample at the time of delivery, after four and after eight months of storage at room temperature in the dark, to evaluate the color changing. Freshly prepared hydroalcoholic extract was also evaluated in its color character. Furthermore, the hydroalcoholic extract was analyzed through GC-MS. The extract was found to be able to significantly inhibit LPS-induced prostaglandin (PG) E2 and 8-iso-PGF2α levels, as well as mRNA levels of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2, interleukin (IL)-6, and nuclear factor-kB (NF-kB), in heart specimens. Concluding, our findings showed that the garlic hydroalcoholic extract exhibited cardioprotective effects on multiple inflammatory and oxidative stress pathways.


Assuntos
Cardiotônicos/farmacologia , Alho/química , Coração/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Camundongos , Microextração em Fase Sólida
7.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445461

RESUMO

Tetrahexyldecyl Ascorbate (THDC) is an L-ascorbic acid precursor with improved stability and ability to penetrate the epidermis. The stability and transdermal penetration of THDC, however, may be compromised by the oxidant-rich environment of human skin. In this study, we show that THDC is a poor antioxidant that degrades rapidly when exposed to singlet oxygen. This degradation, however, was prevented by combination with acetyl zingerone (AZ) as a stabilizing antioxidant. As a standalone ingredient, THDC led to unexpected activation of type I interferon signaling, but this pro-inflammatory effect was blunted in the presence of AZ. Moreover, the combination of THDC and AZ increased expression of genes associated with phospholipid homeostasis and keratinocyte differentiation, along with repression of MMP1 and MMP7 expression, inhibition of MMP enzyme activity, and increased production of collagen proteins by dermal fibroblasts. Lastly, whereas THDC alone reduced viability of keratinocytes exposed to oxidative stress, this effect was completely abrogated by the addition of AZ to THDC. These results show that AZ is an effective antioxidant stabilizer of THDC and that combination of these products may improve ascorbic acid delivery. This provides a step towards reaching the full potential of ascorbate as an active ingredient in topical preparations.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Ácido Ascórbico , Colágeno/biossíntese , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Guaiacol/análogos & derivados , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Antioxidantes/farmacocinética , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Ácido Ascórbico/farmacocinética , Ácido Ascórbico/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular , Guaiacol/farmacocinética , Guaiacol/farmacologia , Humanos
8.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(33): 39088-39099, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34433242

RESUMO

In this work, we demonstrated that building different linking groups between nanodiamond (ND) and TiO2 (P25) could provide more effective protection under oxidative stress and ultraviolet (UV) light irradiation compared with the use of TiO2 alone. The establishment of ester (-C-O-O-R), amide (-CONH-), and epoxide-amine adduct (-NHCCO-) groups between ND-TiO2 composites was found to be critical in the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by controlling their charge transfer behaviors. We hypothesized that linking groups between the composites dictate the performance of ROS generation from nano-TiO2 under UV-light irradiation due to the differences in linking groups. The results showed that hydroxyl radicals were attenuated by the incorporation of ND. An MTT cell proliferation assay was performed in human cells under the treatment of ND-TiO2 composites to investigate the impacts of composites on cell viability. The results from the luciferase reporter assay suggested they have anti-inflammatory activity and can reduce cellular DNA damage under ROS stimulation. A zebrafish model was also applied with the ND-TiO2 composite treatment to demonstrate the safety aspects of the composites in vivo and their biomedical application potential. Studies exploring ROS generation behaviors in different linking groups suggested that interactive functionalization between nanoparticles might be an ideal antioxidant and anti-inflammatory strategy.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Sequestradores de Radicais Livres/química , Nanocompostos/química , Nanodiamantes/química , Titânio/química , Amidas/química , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Carbodi-Imidas/química , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Reagentes para Ligações Cruzadas/química , Esterificação , Sequestradores de Radicais Livres/farmacologia , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Modelos Animais , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Propriedades de Superfície , Nanomedicina Teranóstica , Raios Ultravioleta , Peixe-Zebra
9.
Biomolecules ; 11(7)2021 07 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34356602

RESUMO

Cadmium (Cd) is a potential pathogenic factor in the nervous system associated with various neurodegenerative disorders. Puerarin (Pur) is an isoflavone purified from the Chinese medical herb, kudzu root, and exhibits antioxidant and antiapoptotic properties in the brain. In this study, the detailed mechanisms underlying the neuroprotective potential of Pur against Cd-induced neuronal injury was evaluated for the first time in vivo in a rat model and in vitro using primary rat cerebral cortical neurons. The results of the in vivo experiments showed that Pur ameliorated Cd-induced neuronal injury, reduced Cd levels in the cerebral cortices, and stimulated Cd excretion in Cd-treated rats. We also observed that the administration of Pur rescued Cd-induced oxidative stress, and attenuated Cd-induced apoptosis by concomitantly suppressing both the Fas/FasL and mitochondrial pathways in the cerebral cortical neurons of rats both in vivo and in vitro. Our results demonstrate that Pur exerted its neuroprotective effects by stimulating Cd excretion, ameliorating Cd-induced oxidative stress and apoptosis in rat cerebral cortical neurons.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Cádmio , Córtex Cerebral , Isoflavonas/farmacologia , Neurônios/metabolismo , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Cádmio/farmacocinética , Cádmio/toxicidade , Córtex Cerebral/lesões , Córtex Cerebral/metabolismo , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
10.
Molecules ; 26(15)2021 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34361611

RESUMO

UV-B and IR-A radiation are important inducers of biological changes in skin involving ROS generation. The overloading of antioxidant defense mechanisms by ROS production could lead to photoaging and photocarcinogenesis processes. Various traditional usages are reported for Aralia nudicaulis L. extracts, including treatment of dermatological disorders. Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties have already been reported for other Aralia species possibly due to the presence of phenolic compounds. However, the phenolic composition and the potential activity of A. nudicaulis rhizomes extract against oxidative stress and UV/IR damages have not been investigated. The main aims of this study were to prepare a fraction enriched in phenolic compounds (FEPC) from A. nudicaulis rhizomes, to identify its major phenolic compounds and to assess its potential for protective effects against oxidative stress induced by UV-B, IR-A or inflammation. A quantitative LC-MS study of FEPC shows that chlorogenic, caffeic and protocatechuic acids are the main phenolic compounds present, with concentrations of 15.6%, 15.3% and 4.8% of the total composition, respectively. With a validated analytical method, those compounds were quantified over different stages of the growing period. As for biological potential, first this extract demonstrates antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. Furthermore, ROS generation induced by IR-A and UV-B were strongly inhibited by A. nudicaulis extract, suggesting that Aralia nudicaulis L. rhizome extract could protect dermal cells against oxidative stress induced by UV-B and IR-A.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Aralia/química , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fenóis/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Pele/efeitos dos fármacos , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular , Fibroblastos/citologia , Humanos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Rizoma/química , Pele/citologia
11.
Molecules ; 26(15)2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34361704

RESUMO

Significant growth of interest in cannabis (Cannabis sativa L.), especially its natural anti-inflammatory and antioxidative properties, has been observed recently. This narrative review aimed to present the state of the art of research concerning the anti-inflammatory activity of all classes of cannabinoids published in the last five years. Multimodal properties of cannabinoids include their involvement in immunological processes, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidative effects. Cannabinoids and non-cannabinoid compounds of cannabis proved their anti-inflammatory effects in numerous animal models. The research in humans is missing, and the results are unconvincing. Although preclinical evidence suggests cannabinoids are of value in treating chronic inflammatory diseases, the clinical evidence is scarce, and further well-designed clinical trials are essential to determine the prospects for using cannabinoids in inflammatory conditions.


Assuntos
Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Canabinoides/uso terapêutico , Cannabis/química , Analgésicos/química , Analgésicos/classificação , Analgésicos/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/classificação , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/classificação , Antioxidantes/isolamento & purificação , Canabinoides/química , Canabinoides/classificação , Canabinoides/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Inflamação/prevenção & controle , Estrutura Molecular , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
12.
Molecules ; 26(16)2021 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34443317

RESUMO

Endothelial cell injury is an early event in systemic sclerosis (SSc) pathogenesis and several studies indicate oxidative stress as the trigger of SSc-associated vasculopathy. Here, we show that circulating factors present in sera of SSc patients increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and collagen synthesis in human pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (HPMECs). In addition, the possibility that iloprost, a drug commonly used in SSc therapy, might modulate the above-mentioned biological phenomena has been also investigated. In this regard, as compared to sera of SSc patients, sera of iloprost-treated SSc patients failed to increased ROS levels and collagen synthesis in HPMEC, suggesting a potential antioxidant mechanism of this drug.


Assuntos
Colágeno/biossíntese , Células Endoteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Iloprosta/farmacologia , Microvasos/citologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Escleroderma Sistêmico/sangue , Soro/metabolismo , Adulto , Células Endoteliais/citologia , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
13.
Molecules ; 26(16)2021 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34443365

RESUMO

(±)-Anastatins A and B are flavonoids isolated from Anastatica hierochuntica. In a previous study, twenty-four di- and tri-substituted novel derivatives of anastatins were designed and their preliminary antioxidant activities were evaluated. In the present study, the protective effect of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) and the systematic antioxidant capacity of 24 derivatives were further studied. Compound 13 was the most potent among all the compounds studied, which increased the survival of H9c2 cells to 80.82%. The antioxidant capability of compound 13 was evaluated in ferric reducing antioxidant power, 2,2'-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) radical scavenging, and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl assays. It was observed that compound 13 significantly reduced infarcted areas and improved histopathological and electrocardiogram changes in rats with myocardial I/R injury. Moreover, compound 13 decreased the leakage rates of serum lactate dehydrogenase, creatine kinase, and malonyldialdehyde from rat myocardial tissues and increased the level of glutathione and superoxide dismutase activities following myocardial I/R injury in rats. Taken together, we concluded that compound 13 had potent cardioprotective effects against myocardial I/R injury both in vitro and in vivo owing to its extensive antioxidant activities.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Flavonoides/química , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Flavonoides/uso terapêutico , Glutationa/metabolismo , Masculino , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/patologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos
14.
Molecules ; 26(16)2021 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34443567

RESUMO

Redox-active iron generates reactive oxygen species that can cause oxidative organ dysfunction. Thus, the anti-oxidative systems in the body and certain dietary antioxidants, such as anthocyanins, are needed to control oxidative stress. We aimed to investigate the effects of dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasma technology in the preparation of Riceberry™ rice flour (PRBF) on iron-induced oxidative stress in mice. PRBF using plasma technology was rich in anthocyanins, mainly cyanidine-3-glucoside and peonidine-3-glucoside. PRBF (5 mg AE/mg) lowered WBC numbers in iron dextran (FeDex)-loaded mice and served as evidence of the reversal of erythrocyte superoxide dismutase activity, plasma total antioxidant capacity, and plasma and liver thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances in the loading mice. Consequently, the PRBF treatment was observed to be more effective than NAC treatment. PRBF would be a powerful supplementary and therapeutic antioxidant product that is understood to be more potent than NAC in ameliorating the effects of iron-induced oxidative stress.


Assuntos
Antocianinas/análise , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Farinha/análise , Ferro/efeitos adversos , Oryza/química , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Gases em Plasma/química , Animais , Impedância Elétrica , Camundongos
15.
Molecules ; 26(16)2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34443591

RESUMO

The development and progression of heart failure (HF) due to myocardial infarction (MI) is a major concern even with current optimal therapy. Resveratrol is a plant polyphenol with cardioprotective properties. Sacubitril/valsartan is known to be beneficial in chronic HF patients. In this study, we investigated the comparative and combinatorial benefits of resveratrol with sacubitril/valsartan alongside an active comparator valsartan in MI-induced male Sprague Dawley rats. MI-induced and sham-operated animals received vehicle, resveratrol, sacubitril/valsartan, valsartan alone or sacubitril/valsartan + resveratrol for 8 weeks. Echocardiography was performed at the endpoint to assess cardiac structure and function. Cardiac oxidative stress, inflammation, fibrosis, brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), creatinine and neutrophil gelatinase associated lipocalin were measured. Treatment with resveratrol, sacubitril/valsartan, valsartan and sacubitril/valsartan + resveratrol significantly prevented left ventricular (LV) dilatation and improved LV ejection fraction in MI-induced rats. All treatments also significantly reduced myocardial tissue oxidative stress, inflammation and fibrosis, as well as BNP. Treatment with the combination of sacubitril/valsartan and resveratrol did not show additive effects. In conclusion, resveratrol, sacubitril/valsartan, and valsartan significantly prevented cardiac remodeling and dysfunction in MI-induced rats. The reduction in cardiac remodeling and dysfunction in MI-induced rats was mediated by a reduction in cardiac oxidative stress, inflammation and fibrosis.


Assuntos
Aminobutiratos/farmacologia , Compostos de Bifenilo/farmacologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Resveratrol/farmacologia , Valsartana/farmacologia , Remodelação Ventricular/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Combinação de Medicamentos , Interações Medicamentosas , Fibrose , Humanos , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Função Ventricular Esquerda/efeitos dos fármacos
16.
Molecules ; 26(16)2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34443598

RESUMO

Apocynin (APO) is a known multi-enzymatic complexed compound, employed as a viable NADPH oxidase (NOX) inhibitor, extensively used in both traditional and modern-day therapeutic strategies to combat neuronal disorders. However, its therapeutic efficacy is limited by lower solubility and lesser bioavailability; thus, a suitable nanocarrier system to overcome such limitations is needed. The present study is designed to fabricate APO-loaded polymeric nanoparticles (APO-NPs) to enhance its therapeutic efficacy and sustainability in the biological system. The optimized APO NPs in the study exhibited 103.6 ± 6.8 nm and -13.7 ± 0.43 mV of particle size and zeta potential, respectively, along with further confirmation by TEM. In addition, the antioxidant (AO) abilities quantified by DPPH and nitric oxide scavenging assays exhibited comparatively higher AO potential of APO-NPs than APO alone. An in-vitro release profile displayed a linear diffusion pattern of zero order kinetics for APO from the NPs, followed by its cytotoxicity evaluation on the PC12 cell line, which revealed minimal toxicity with higher cell viability, even after treatment with a stress inducer (H2O2). The stability of APO-NPs after six months showed minimal AO decline in comparison to APO only, indicating that the designed nano-formulation enhanced therapeutic efficacy for modulating NOX-mediated ROS generation.


Assuntos
Acetofenonas/química , Acetofenonas/farmacologia , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/farmacologia , NADPH Oxidases/metabolismo , Nanopartículas/química , Neurônios/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Neurônios/citologia , Neurônios/metabolismo , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/química , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Células PC12 , Ratos
17.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(33): 39100-39111, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34382406

RESUMO

In this work, a nanoplatform (FeCORM NPs) loaded with an iron-carbonyl complex was constructed. By exploiting chemodynamic therapy (CDT) and immunogenic cell death (ICD)-induced immunotherapy (IMT), the nanoparticles exhibited excellent efficacy against lung metastasis of melanoma in vivo. The iron-carbonyl compound of the nanomaterials could be initiated by both glutathione (GSH) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) to release CO and generate ferrous iron through ligand exchange and oxidative destruction pathways. The released CO caused mitochondria damage, whereas the generated ferrous iron led to oxidative stress via the Fenton reaction. On the other hand, the nanomaterials induced ICD-based IMT, which worked jointly with CDT to exhibit excellent effects against lung metastasis of melanoma through a mouse model. This work demonstrated how a nanoplatform, simple and stable but showing excellent efficacy against tumors, could be built using simple building blocks via a self-assembling approach. Importantly, the system took advantage of relatively high levels of GSH and H2O2 in tumors to initiate the therapeutic effects, which rendered the nanoplatform with a capability to differentiate normal cells from tumor cells. In principle, the system has great potential for future clinical applications, not only in the treatment of lung metastasis of melanoma but also in suppressing other types of tumors.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/química , Monóxido de Carbono/química , Compostos de Ferro/química , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Melanoma/metabolismo , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacocinética , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Monóxido de Carbono/farmacocinética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Desenvolvimento de Medicamentos , Feminino , Glutationa/química , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Imunoterapia/métodos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/secundário , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/ultraestrutura , Neoplasias Experimentais , Oxirredução , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Microambiente Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos
18.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(33): 39126-39134, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34383476

RESUMO

The usage of exogenous antioxidant materials to relieve oxidative stress offers an important strategy for the therapy of oxidative stress-induced injuries. However, the fabrication processes toward the antioxidant materials usually require the involvement of extra metal ions and organic agents, as well as sophisticated purification steps, which might cause tremendous environmental stress and induce unpredictable side effects in vivo. To address these issues, herein, we proposed a novel strategy to fabricate green nanoparticles for efficiently modulating oxidative stress, which was facilely prepared from tea polyphenol extracts (originated from green tea) via a green enzymatic polymerization-based chemistry method. The resulting nanoparticles possessed a uniform spherical morphology and good stability in water and biomedium and demonstrated excellent radical scavenging properties. These nanoparticle scavengers could effectively prevent intracellular oxidative damage, accelerate wound recovery, and protect the kidneys from reactive oxygen species damaging in the acute kidney injury model. We hope this work will inspire the further development of more types of green nanoparticles for antioxidant therapies via similar synthetic strategies using green biomass materials.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda/prevenção & controle , Antioxidantes/química , Nanopartículas/química , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Polifenóis/química , Chá/química , Células 3T3 , Células A549 , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Catecóis/química , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Sequestradores de Radicais Livres/metabolismo , Química Verde , Peroxidase do Rábano Silvestre/química , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Camundongos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Nanomedicina Teranóstica , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos
19.
Molecules ; 26(16)2021 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34443463

RESUMO

In our study, Allium subhirsutum L. (AS) was investigated to assess its phenolic profile and bioactive molecules including flavonoids and organosulfur compounds. The antioxidant potential of AS and wound healing activity were addressed using skin wound healing and oxidative stress and inflammation marker estimation in rat models. Phytochemical and antiradical activities of AS extract (ASE) and oil (ASO) were studied. The rats were randomly assigned to four groups: group I served as a control and was treated with simple ointment base, group II was treated with ASE ointment, group III was treated with ASO ointment and group IV (reference group; Ref) was treated with a reference drug "Cytolcentella® cream". Phytochemical screening showed that total phenols (215 ± 3.5 mg GAE/g) and flavonoids (172.4 ± 3.1 mg QE/g) were higher in the ASO than the ASE group. The results of the antioxidant properties showed that ASO exhibited the highest DPPH free radical scavenging potential (IC50 = 0.136 ± 0.07 mg/mL), FRAP test (IC50 = 0.013 ± 0.006 mg/mL), ABTS test (IC50 = 0.52 ± 0.03 mg/mL) and total antioxidant capacity (IC50 = 0.34 ± 0.06 mg/mL). In the wound healing study, topical application of ASO performed the fastest wound-repairing process estimated by a chromatic study, percentage wound closure, fibrinogen level and oxidative damage status, as compared to ASE, the Cytolcentella reference drug and the untreated rats. The use of AS extract and oil were also associated with the attenuation of oxidative stress damage in the wound-healing treated rats. Overall, the results provided that AS, particularly ASO, has a potential medicinal value to act as effective skin wound healing agent.


Assuntos
Allium/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Dermatite/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Fibrinogênio/metabolismo , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Flavonoides/uso terapêutico , Tecido de Granulação/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Fenóis/farmacologia , Fenóis/uso terapêutico , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Óleos Vegetais/química , Óleos Vegetais/farmacologia , Óleos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Ratos Wistar
20.
Life Sci ; 283: 119864, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34358548

RESUMO

AIMS: The study examined that morin as possible antioxidant and neuroprotective due to oxidative stress (H2O2) in zebrafish larval model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Zebrafish larvae were induced with oxidative stress using H2O2 at 1 mM; their behavioural changes were assessed through partition preference and horizontal compartment test. The head section without eyes and yolk sac of zebrafish larvae were employed for enzyme assays such as SOD, CAT, Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances assay, reduced glutathione, glutathione peroxidase activity, glutathione S transferase, Acetylcholinesterase activity and nitrate levels. Also, intracellular ROS and apoptosis in larval head was detected by DCFDA and acridine orange staining followed by gene expression studies. KEY FINDINGS: Morin exposure was not harmful to the larvae at concentration between 20 and 60 µM, but it caused non-lethal deformity between 80 and 100 µM. In the partition test, zebrafish embryos treated with H2O2 showed cognitive impairment, whereas the morin-treated groups showed an improved behavioural activity. The study also found that restoring antioxidant enzymes and reduced lipid peroxidation which had a neuroprotective impact. Inhibition of NO overproduction and increased AChE activity were also shown to reduce the neuronal damage. Apoptosis and intracellular ROS levels were reduced in larvae when it was co-incubated with morin. Morin treatment up regulated the antioxidant enzymes against oxidative stress. SIGNIFICANCE: Morin provides protection against H2O2 induced oxidative stress through a cellular antioxidant defence mechanism by up-regulating gene expression, thus increasing the antioxidant activity at cellular or organismal stage.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Embrião não Mamífero/metabolismo , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Síndromes Neurotóxicas , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Peixe-Zebra/embriologia , Animais , Embrião não Mamífero/patologia , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/efeitos adversos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Síndromes Neurotóxicas/tratamento farmacológico , Síndromes Neurotóxicas/embriologia , Síndromes Neurotóxicas/patologia
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