Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 125.690
Filtrar
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32771337

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Psychological suffering by health professionals may be associated with the uncertainty of a safe workplace. Front-line professionals exposed and involved in the diagnosis and treatment of COVID-19 patients are more susceptible. METHOD: This review was conducted based on papers that were published at MEDLINE, BMJ, PsycINFO, and LILACS, the according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyzes (PRISMA). RESULTS: Health professionals had a higher level of anxiety (13.0 vs. 8.5%, p < 0.01, OR = 1.6152; 95%CI 1.3283 to 1.9641; p < 0.0001) and depression 12.2 vs. 9.5%; p = 0.04; OR = 1.3246; 95%CI 1.0930 to 1.6053; p = 0.0042), besides somatizations and insomnia compared to professionals from other areas. CONCLUSION: Health professionals, regardless of their age, showed significant levels of mental disorders. We observed a prevalence of anxiety and depression. Insomnia was a risk factor for both.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Transtornos Mentais/etiologia , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Doenças Profissionais/etiologia , Doenças Profissionais/psicologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Estresse Psicológico
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32777327

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Health professionals are key personnel to containing infectious diseases like COVID-19. In the face of long work shifts (that reach 16 h per day on average), the risk of getting infected by a high-infectious disease and the lack of enough biological protection measures, mental suffering among health professionals suddenly became evident. METHOD: We carried out an updated meta-analysis to investigate the psychiatric impacts on health professionals in the face of the physical and psychological conditions to which they are subjected due to the high demands of the COVID-19 pandemic. Papers were researched in four databases from December 2019 to April 2020. In total, eight papers were included in the study. RESULTS: Health professionals working to fight COVID-19 are being more severely affected by psychiatric disorders associated with depression, anxiety, distress and insomnia, stress, and indirect traumatization than other occupational groups. No significant differences were observed in the publication bias. CONCLUSION: There is a strong association between health professionals and COVID-19 in terms of psychiatric repercussions. Our meta-analysis showed that health professionals have a higher level of indirect traumatization, in which the level of damage exceeds psychological and emotional tolerance and indirectly results in psychological abnormalities. The incidence of obsessive-compulsive traces and somatizations was higher in situations involving front-line professionals.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Transtornos Mentais/etiologia , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Doenças Profissionais/etiologia , Doenças Profissionais/psicologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Ansiedade/etiologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Depressão/etiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Angústia Psicológica , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/etiologia , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia
3.
Int. j. clin. health psychol. (Internet) ; 20(3): 183-191, sept.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-190835

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The outbreak of COVID-19 and the lack of vaccine made extraordinary actions such as social distancing necessary. While some individuals experience the restrictions on daily life as a heavy burden, others adapt to the situation and try to make the best of it. The present longitudinal study investigated the extent and predictors of the burden induced by the outbreak of COVID-19 in Germany. METHOD: Data were assessed in October 2019 using the DASS-21 and the PMH-Scale, and in March 2020 adding a six-item measure of burden and a 2-item rating of sense of control. RESULTS: In a sample of 436 participants, about 28% stayed in self-quarantine, 22 persons had relevant symptoms and one person was positively tested for COVID-19. Most participants experienced medium to high levels of burden but tried to make the best of it. Stress symptoms in 2019 predicted a higher level of burden and PMH predicted a lower level of burden in March 2020. Remarkably, depression and anxiety symptoms did not significantly predict burden. The protective effect of PMH and the negative impact of stress symptoms were mediated by perceived sense of control. CONCLUSIONS: The results emphasize the protective effect of PMH in extraordinary situations such as the current outbreak of COVID-19


ANTECEDENTES/OBJETIVO: El brote COVID-19 y la falta de vacuna hicieron necesarias acciones extraordinarias como la distancia social. Algunas personas experimentan las restricciones en la vida diaria como sobrecarga emocional y otras se adaptan a la situación, tratando de sacar lo mejor de ella. Se investigó el alcance y predictores de sobrecarga emocional inducida por el COVID-19 en Alemania. MÉTODO: Se evaluaron niveles de estrés y salud mental positiva en octubre de 2019 con DASS-21 y Escala-PMH, y en marzo de 2020, agregando medidas de sobrecarga emocional y percepción de control. RESULTADOS: En una muestra de 436 participantes, el 28% permaneció en cuarentena, 22 personas tuvieron síntomas relevantes y una dio positivo en COVID-19. La mayoría experimentaron niveles de sobrecarga emocional medio-alto, aunque trataron de sobrellevar la situación lo mejor posible. Los síntomas de estrés en octubre 2019 predijeron un nivel de sobrecarga más elevado en marzo 2020 y, contrariamente, los niveles de salud mental positiva en octubre 2019 predijeron un menor nivel de sobrecarga emocional en marzo 2020. Sorprendentemente, los síntomas de depresión y ansiedad no predijeron la sensación de sobrecarga posterior. El efecto protector de la salud mental positiva y el impacto negativo de los síntomas de estrés fueron mediados por la percepción de control. CONCLUSIONES: Se resalta el efecto protector de la salud mental positiva en situaciones extraordinarias como el brote COVID-19


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Pandemias , Quarentena/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Estudos Prospectivos , Alemanha Ocidental/epidemiologia
4.
Int Marit Health ; 71(3): 184-190, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33001430

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Work-related stress among seafarers is well known but a suspected excess of work-related stress due to the COVID-19 so far has not been published. The aim of the study was to evaluate the well- -being of the seafarers during the outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic and their evaluation of the precautions taken by the shipping companies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-two seafarers completed the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ12) with three extra questions on how the COVID-19 precautions were taken on board. RESULTS: The mean Likert score was 13.9 for the whole sample, corresponding to "no problems" while a subgroup of 40% had mean Likert sum scores of 16.1 (level 15-23) corresponding to "starting problems." In response to the extra items, 50% of the seafarers did not feel safe doing their job in relation to the epidemic and 60% did not think everything has been done to ensure their health at work in relation to the epidemic. Thirty per cent suffered of insomnia to the extent of becoming concerned and 26% had been unhappy and depressed during the latest tours of duty. CONCLUSIONS: The hypothesis that excess work-related stress has been put on the seafarers in this specific situation was confirmed and calls for prevention. A combination of person-focused and organisation-focused prevention approaches has been advocated as the most promising for alleviation of job stress in the workplaces at sea.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Medicina Naval , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Criança , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Mar Mediterrâneo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Segurança , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33007892

RESUMO

In the wake of COVID-19, unemployment and its potential deleterious consequences have attracted renewed interest. We examined (1) the association between unemployment, occurring upon the coronavirus outbreak, and psychological distress among Israeli young people (20-35-years-old); (2) the associations between various psychological resources/risk factors and psychological distress; and (3) whether these resources and risk factors were moderators in the unemployment-psychological distress link. A real-time survey based on snowball sampling was conducted during the month of April 2020 (N = 390). We employed hierarchical linear models to explore associations between unemployment, psychological resources, risk factors, and psychological distress. Unemployment was independently associated with greater psychological distress. Perceived trust, optimism, and sense of mastery decreased psychological distress, whereas financial strain and loneliness during the crisis increased this distress. The effect of unemployment on psychological distress did not depend on participants' resource and risk factor levels. Policymakers must develop and extend health initiatives aimed at alleviating the mental health consequences of COVID-19-related unemployment and promote labor market interventions to help young job seekers integrate into employment. These measures, which are in line with the UN sustainable development goals, should be seen as an important route to promote public health.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Angústia Psicológica , Desemprego , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Humanos , Israel , Solidão , Saúde Mental , Pandemias , Fatores de Risco , Estresse Psicológico , Adulto Jovem
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33050435

RESUMO

University students are predisposed to stress, which could be even higher in Nursing students since they are directly related to the COVID-19 pandemic given their health training and area of knowledge. Our purpose was to assess the stress levels of Nursing students before and during lockdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Murcia (Spain), its influence on taking an online exam and how it was affected by physical exercise. This was an observational and prospective study including Nursing students from the second year of the Nursing Degree from 3 February to 23 April 2020. Three measurements were performed: one before lockdown and two during lockdown. Stress increased substantially during lockdown. Financial, family or emotional problems, as well as physical exercise, also increased. Indeed, at 40 days of lockdown, those students with financial, family or emotional problems, and less physical exercise reported significantly higher stress levels. In addition, those who passed the online exam had lower stress levels compared to those who failed. In conclusion, during lockdown, stress in Nursing students increased. This could be triggered by students' personal problems, and physical exercise may be used as a way to reduce stress. Academic performance was better in those students reporting less stress.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Isolamento Social/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Espanha/epidemiologia
7.
Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova ; 120(8. Vyp. 2): 45-48, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33016676

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study neurological status and structural changes in the tracheal lymphoid tissue in rats with different resistance to emotional stress in experimental hemorrhagic stroke. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Evaluation of neurological deficit on the Menzies scale and a histological study of structural features of tracheal lymphoid tissue were performed on days 1, 3 and 7 of experimental hemorrhagic stroke in 98 Wistar male rats with different resistance to emotional stress. Stroke simulation was preceded by animal testing to determine individual stress resistance. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Neurological disorders are more pronounced in non-stress-resistant animals during all periods of observation. Lymphoid nodules of the tracheal wall of rats react with destruction of lymphoid cells and depletion of small lymphocytes observed in stress-resistant rats already on the 1st day of a stroke. On the 3rd day, the neurological deficit and changes in the cellular composition of the lymphoid formations of the trachea are most pronounced in both groups of rats. By the 7th day, a positive trend towards the restoration of the structure of tracheal lymphoid tissue and normal neurological status is detected only in rats resistant to emotional stress.


Assuntos
Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Traqueia , Animais , Tecido Linfoide , Masculino , Angústia Psicológica , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Estresse Psicológico/complicações
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031651

RESUMO

Objective: Amid the ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, health care workers of multiple disciplines have been designated as frontline doctors. This unforeseen situation has led to psychological problems among these health care workers. The objective of this study was to evaluate the mental health status of pan-Indian frontline doctors combating the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: A cross-sectional, observational study was conducted among frontline doctors of tertiary care hospitals in India (East: Kolkata, West Bengal; North: New Delhi; West: Nagpur, Maharashtra; and South: Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala) from May 23, 2020, to June 6, 2020. Doctors involved in clinical services in outpatient departments, designated COVID-19 wards, screening blocks, fever clinics, and intensive care units completed an online questionnaire. The 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire and the Perceived Stress Scale were used to assess depression and perceived stress. Results: The results of 422 responses revealed a 63.5% and 45% prevalence of symptoms of depression and stress, respectively, among frontline COVID-19 doctors. Postgraduate trainees constituted the majority (45.5%) of the respondents. Moderately severe and severe depression was noted in 14.2% and 3.8% of the doctors, respectively. Moderate and severe stress was noted in 37.4% and 7.6% of participants, respectively. Multivariate regression analysis showed working ≥ 6 hours/day (adjusted odds ratio: 3.5; 95% CI, 1.9-6.3; P < .0001) to be a significant risk factor for moderate or severe perceived stress, while single relationship status (adjusted odds ratio: 2.9; 95% CI, 1.5-5.9; P = .002) and working ≥ 6 hours/day (adjusted odds ratio: 10.3; 95% CI, 4.3-24.6; P < .0001) significantly contributed to the development of moderate, moderately severe, or severe depression. Conclusions: The pandemic has taken a serious toll on the physical and mental health of doctors, as evident from our study. Regular screening of medical personnel involved in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with COVID-19 should be conducted to evaluate for stress, anxiety, and depression.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Depressão/epidemiologia , Transtorno Depressivo/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Médicos/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Internato e Residência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Questionário de Saúde do Paciente , Admissão e Escalonamento de Pessoal , Médicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Prevalência , Características de Residência , Fatores de Risco , Carga de Trabalho , Adulto Jovem
9.
Cleve Clin J Med ; 87(10): 613-618, 2020 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33004322

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic has dramatically affected every aspect of daily life. Parents of adolescents, in particular, may be facing unique challenges in helping them navigate unexpected changes to their daily routine. This article discusses how adolescents may respond to stressful and traumatic situations and provides recommendations for clinicians who may be advising parents of adolescents or parenting their own children.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Infecções por Coronavirus , Educação não Profissionalizante , Pandemias , Poder Familiar , Pneumonia Viral , Resiliência Psicológica , Estresse Psicológico/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Humanos , Relações Pais-Filho , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia
10.
Rev Esp Salud Publica ; 942020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056957

RESUMO

Between March and May 2020, the Spanish Ministry of Health and the Spanish Psychological Association created the Psychological First Care Service (Servicio de Primera Ayuda Psicológica-SPAP), a national helpline designed to provide early psychological intervention to those people affected by COVID-19. This service attended more than 15,000 calls and carried out more than 11,000 interventions and 9,500 follow-ups with the general population, healthcare and other essential professionals and the patients and relatives of the sick or deceased. Results show that the majority of calls (45.7%) came from the Autonomous Community of Madrid, that women significantly used this service in a higher proportion than men (73.5%) and that the commonest age range among users was 40-59. 75.9% of consultations were related to psychological problems linked to anxiety and depressive symptoms. However, grief symptoms also stood out among the patients or relatives of the sick and deceased and, to a lesser extent, stress symptoms were prevalent in the group of professionals. These data show the usefulness of this early psychological care service and the need for similar resources to be implemented in coordination with or within the National Health System.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Intervenção na Crise/métodos , Utilização de Instalações e Serviços/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços de Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Telemedicina/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/etiologia , Ansiedade/terapia , Criança , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Intervenção na Crise/organização & administração , Intervenção na Crise/estatística & dados numéricos , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/etiologia , Depressão/terapia , Feminino , Pesar , Humanos , Masculino , Serviços de Saúde Mental/organização & administração , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Programas Nacionais de Saúde , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Prevalência , Espanha/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/diagnóstico , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Telemedicina/organização & administração , Telemedicina/estatística & dados numéricos , Telefone , Adulto Jovem
11.
Cir Cir ; 88(5): 562-568, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33064695

RESUMO

Objective: The objective of the study was to determine the state of anxiety, depression, and stress present in the society during the development of the 2019 coronavirus pandemic. Methods: Mixed methods study; a three-section questionnaire was developed which included sociodemographic, perceptions, emotions, and behaviors related to the 2019 coronavirus pandemic, and two emotional assessment psychometric tests. The proportions and confidence intervals of the variables were calculated and compared using the Chi-square test. Results: More than 40% of the subjects presented some degree of anxiety and 41.3% depression; the proportion of stress was < 30%. Of the subjects who experienced anxiety, 18.6% also had moderate-to-very severe depression or stress. Conclusion: There are emotional indicators derived from the 2019 coronavirus pandemic in almost half of the study population. The identification and timely treatment of these states could lessen the psychological impact due to 2019 coronavirus.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/etiologia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Depressão/etiologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Adulto , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/etiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Transtorno Depressivo/epidemiologia , Transtorno Depressivo/etiologia , Emoções , Feminino , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , México , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Psicometria , Assunção de Riscos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
12.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 2999-3002, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018636

RESUMO

Mental stress is a prevalent issue in the modern society and a prominent contributing factor to various physical and psychological diseases. This paper investigates the feasibility of detecting different stress levels using electroencephalography (EEG), and evaluates the effectiveness of various stress-relief methods. EEG data were collected from 25 subjects while they were at rest and under 3 different levels of stress induced by mental arithmetic tasks. Nine features that correlate with stress from existing literature were extracted. Subsequently, discriminative features were selected by Fisher Ratio and used to train a Linear Discriminant Analysis classifier. Results from 10-fold cross-validation yielded averaged intra-subject classification accuracy of 85.6% for stress versus rest, 7l.2% for two levels of stress and rest, and 58.4% for three levels of stress and rest. The results showed high promise of using EEG to detect level of stress, and the features selected showed that Beta brain waves (13-30HZ) and prefrontal relative Gamma power are most discriminative. Five different stress-relief methods were then evaluated, and the method of hugging a pillow was found to be the most effective measure relatively in decreasing the stress level detected using EEG. These results show promise of future research in real-time stress detection and reduction using EEG for stress management and relief.


Assuntos
Ondas Encefálicas , Eletroencefalografia , Análise Discriminante , Matemática , Estresse Psicológico/diagnóstico
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22514, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019453

RESUMO

Despite the controversy surrounding electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) safety, global consumption has been rapidly increasing. We investigated the relationship between e-cigarette use and mental health conditions in adults of various ages.We conducted a secondary data analysis of adults aged 19 to 80 who participated in the first year of the 7th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2016). The total number of participants was 5469, including 3398 non-smokers, 1700 smokers who had never used e-cigarettes, and 371 smokers who had previously used e-cigarettes, selected based on self-report questionnaires. Mental health factors including stress status, depressive mood, suicide plan, and suicide attempt were assessed by self-reported questionnaire. The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) was used to assess depressive mood, with a cut-off value of 10. The relationship between e-cigarette use and stress status with depressive mood were analyzed with adjustment for potential confounders.Both male and female smokers who previously used e-cigarettes showed higher levels of stress than non-smokers or smokers who had never used e-cigarettes. The average PHQ-9 score was higher among previous e-cigarette-using smokers relative to non-smokers and smokers who had never used e-cigarettes, regardless of gender. The number of participants with depressive mood was significantly higher in the group of smokers who previously used e-cigarettes. In multivariable-adjusted logistic regression analyses, there was a significantly higher odds ratio for higher stress in male smokers who had previously used e-cigarettes and for depressive mood in female smokers who had previously used e-cigarettes, compared with non-smokers.This study analyzed the association between adult e-cigarette use and mental health conditions, including stress and depressive mood, and showed that e-cigarette use was significantly related to both conditions in men and women.


Assuntos
Depressão/epidemiologia , Sistemas Eletrônicos de Liberação de Nicotina/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos Nutricionais , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Tentativa de Suicídio/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
14.
Rev Neurol ; 71(8): 285-291, 2020 10 16.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33034366

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often experience changing routines as a major challenge. For that reason, the need for adaptation during COVID-19 pandemic may have brought major problems to families with children with this pathology. AIM: To explore how children with ASD and their parents experienced the social isolation during COVID-19 outbreak period. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We conducted an observational, cross-sectional and analytical study. We applied an anonymous questionnaire that included children's demographic and clinical characteristics, along with the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak in different aspects of family's daily life. RESULTS: Out of 99 questionnaires obtained, 43 were related to children with ASD and 56 to control group. Children with ASD predominantly had changes in behavior, while children from control group mostly found no changes. The majority of parents of ASD children reported a negative impact in emotion management against those in control group reporting mostly positive or no impact. Caregivers reported higher mean scores of anxiety levels in themselves than in their children. ASD children and their parents had higher levels of anxiety than healthy ones. In the group with ASD, children that did not maintain routines had higher mean levels of anxiety than children that maintained routines. CONCLUSION: Our results show a potential important psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic not only in children with neurodevelopmental disorders but in their caregivers as well. Physicians must be prepared for the post-pandemic surveillance of mental disorders among families.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista/psicologia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Adolescente , Ansiedade/etiologia , Cuidadores/psicologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Emoções , Feminino , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Masculino , Pais/psicologia , Quarentena/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
JNMA J Nepal Med Assoc ; 58(229): 690-695, 2020 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33068093

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: COVID-19 infection is caused by a new strain of SARS CoV-2 virus, which transmits directly from person-to-person and has become a pandemic. To counteract this, actions related to mass quarantines or stay-at-home orders have been used termed as lockdown. This study aims to study lifestyle, behaviour, perception and practice of people regarding during the lockdown. METHODS: An online survey was conducted with structured questionnaire in Google forms after ethical approval from Nepal Health Research Council (Ref-2631). The attributes of knowledge, attitude and practices were explored using multiple-choice questions and results were statistically analysed using Microsoft excel. RESULTS: Five hundred fifty-five respondents completed the survey with 280 (50.5%) males and 275 (49.5%) female. The knowledge regarding viral pandemic was increased in 496 (89.3%) respondents. 424 (76.4%) people developed stress due to pandemic. Three hundred fifty three (63.6%) were adversely affected by professional works or suffered economic loss in business. More than 42% participants are using their time for study in personal development, online classes etc. Conclusions: The knowledge of viral pandemic as well as personal hygiene habits have improved in majority of people but many also developed stress. They were convinced that lockdown lowered transmission of infection which in turn affected lifestyle behaviour and practices. Practicing social distancing becomes too difficult for the poor in the absence of proper social security system and government support. E-Learning has become more acceptable due to lockdown. Further studies with in-person interviews are warranted.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Status Econômico , Educação a Distância , Emprego , Feminino , Luvas Protetoras , Higiene das Mãos , Higienizadores de Mão , Humanos , Higiene , Masculino , Máscaras , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nepal , Quarentena , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
16.
Psicothema ; 32(4): 490-500, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33073754

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization has highlighted the importance of studying the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health. The aim of this study is to examine the role of age in the early psychological responses to the pandemic in a Spanish community sample, focusing on how different generations coped with it. METHOD: An online survey was conducted during the early stages of the quarantine. Sociodemographic, health and behavioral variables were compared for five age groups. Mental health was assessed by the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21) and psychological impacts were assessed by the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R). RESULTS: 3,524 participants were included (Mage = 39.24, SDage = 12.00). Participants aged between 18 and 33 years old showed more hyperactivation and evitation, were more depressed, anxious and stressed. Those aged between 26 and 33 years old showed more intrusion. Those aged between 18 and 25 years old suffered more sleep disturbances, claustrophobia and somatization and maintained worse routines. Elderly people showed better psychological responses in general. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides initial evidence that the negative psychological impact of COVID-19 pandemic hits young people harder. These results should be taken into account when developing specific evidence-based strategies.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Ansiedade/etiologia , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/etiologia , Feminino , Hábitos , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Humanos , Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Amostragem , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Espanha , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
18.
BMC Psychol ; 8(1): 106, 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33054836

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Depression, stress, and anxiety are common psychological conditions among dental students in many countries around the world. A number of researchers have found life coaching to be effective at reducing psychological distress. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of a life coaching program on dental students' psychological status. METHODS: A quasi-experiment study with two arms was conducted on 88 female dental students at Umm Al-Qura University (study group = 44; control group = 44). The psychological status was assessed by questionnaire before and after intervention. The questionnaire was composed of the Depression and Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS-21), Resilience Scale (RS-14), the Psychological Well-Being Scale-Short (PWB-S), and goal approach questions. The study group received a coaching program comprising one lecture for 1 h and five phone coaching sessions over 5 weeks, while the control group received no intervention. RESULTS: The study group showed a significant reduction in depression, anxiety, stress, resilience, and self-acceptance according to the PWB-S scale. Also, goal approach was significantly improved. On the other hand, the control group showed a significant reduction on the RS-14 only. The differences in the tested scales between the study group and the control group from pre-intervention (T1) to post-intervention (T2) showed significant differences in depression, stress, self-acceptance, and goal approach measurements per t-test. CONCLUSION: The study's findings showed that life coaching had the effect of reducing psychological distress, which encouraged the implementation of coaching practice in the daily life of dental students.


Assuntos
Odontólogos/psicologia , Relações Interprofissionais , Tutoria , Angústia Psicológica , Estudantes de Odontologia/psicologia , Adulto , Depressão , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estresse Psicológico , Ensino
19.
BMC Psychiatry ; 20(1): 491, 2020 10 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33023563

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 pandemic has created unprecedented health and economic impact. Psychological stress, anxiety and depression are affecting not only COVID-19 patients but also health professionals, and general population. Fear of contracting COVID-19, forced restrictive social measures, and economic hardship are causing mental trauma. Nepal is a developing country from South Asia where the COVID-19 pandemic is still evolving. This online survey has been carried out to understand impact of COVID- 19 on mental health of Nepalese community dwellers. METHODS: The COVID-19 Peritraumatic Distress Index (CPDI) questionnaire adapted from the Shanghai Mental Health Centre was used for online data collection from 11 April-17 May 2020. Collected data were extracted to Microsoft excel-13 and imported and analyzed using SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences) version-22. An initial univariate analysis was conducted for all variables to assess the distribution. Logistic regression analyses were done to estimate the odds ratios of relevant predicting variables. RESULTS: A total of 410 participants completed the self-rated questionnaires. Mean age of study participants was 34.8 ± 11.7 years with male preponderance. 88.5% of the respondents were not in distress (score less than 28) while, 11% had mild to moderate distress and 0.5% had severe distress. The prevalence of distress is higher among age group > 45 years, female gender, and post-secondary education group. Health professional were more likely to get distressed. Respondents with post-secondary education had higher odds (OR = 3.32; p = 0.020) of developing distress as compared to respondents with secondary education or lower. CONCLUSION: There is lower rate of psychological distress in city dwellers and people with low education. Adequate intervention and evaluation into mental health awareness, and psychosocial support focused primarily on health care workers, female and elderly individuals is necessary.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Angústia Psicológica , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nepal/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
J Affect Disord ; 277: 842-849, 2020 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33065825

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Strict confinement and social distancing measures have been imposed due to the COVID-19 pandemic in many countries. The aim was to assess the temporal evolution of the psychological impact of the COVID-19 crisis and lockdown from two surveys, separated by one month, performed in Spain. METHODS: Symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress, and the psychological impact of the situation were longitudinally analyzed using the Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21) and the Impact of Event Scale (IES) respectively. RESULTS: There was a total of 4,724 responses from both surveys. Symptomatic scores of anxiety, depression and stress were exhibited by 37.22%, 46.42% and 49.66% of the second survey respondents, showing a significant increase compared to the first survey (32.45%, 44.11% and 37.01%, respectively). There was no significant longitudinal change of the IES scores, with 48.30% of the second survey participants showing moderate to severe impact of the confinement. Constant news consumption about COVID-19 was found to be positively associated with symptomatic scores in the different scales, and daily physical activity to be negatively associated with DASS-21 scores. CONCLUSIONS: Results indicated a temporal increase of anxiety, depression and stress scores during the COVID-19 lockdown. Factors such as age, consumption of information about COVID-19 and physical activity seem to have an important impact on the evolution of psychological symptoms.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus , Depressão/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Ansiedade/psicologia , Betacoronavirus , Depressão/psicologia , Exercício Físico/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Espanha/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA