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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(6): e19029, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32028414

RESUMO

When the 5-fluorouracil, leucovorin, and oxaliplatin (FOLFOX) chemotherapy regimen is used to treat colorectal cancer (CRC), chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) caused by oxaliplatin can substantially affect quality of life (QOL) in the CRC patients. This study compared emotional distress and QOL during FOLFOX in CRC patients with and without CIPN symptoms.This cross-sectional, descriptive, and comparative study recruited 68 CRC patients receiving FOLFOX at a local teaching hospital and at a medical center in southern Taiwan. Self-reported structured questionnaires (oxaliplatin-associated neuropathy questionnaire, profile of mood states short form, and the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire, Core 30, version 3.0) were used for 1-time data collection. The Chi-square test, Fisher exact test, and Mann-Whitney U test were used to analyze data, and a P-value < .05 was considered statistically significant.The CIPN group had 45 (66.2%) patients, and the non-CIPN group had 23 (33.8%) patients. The 5 most common symptoms were coldness-related burning sensation or discomfort in the upper limbs, numbness in the upper limbs, tingling in the upper limbs, impairment of vision, and discomfort in the throat. The CIPN group had more females (P = .013), a more advanced stage of CRC (P = .04) and a higher chemotherapy dosage (P = .006). The 2 groups did not significantly differ in anxiety (P = .065) or depression (P = .135). Compared to the non-CIPN group, the CIPN group had significantly lower functioning (P = .001) and global health status (P < .001) and significantly more symptoms (P < .001).The CIPN group had significantly lower QOL compared to the non-CIPN group. However, the CIPN group did not have lower emotional distress compared to the non-CIPN group. The results of this study demonstrate the need for in-service courses specifically designed to train health professionals in assessing and managing CIPN symptoms to improve QOL in CRC patients receiving FOLFOX.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/induzido quimicamente , Qualidade de Vida , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Colorretais/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Fluoruracila/efeitos adversos , Fluoruracila/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Leucovorina/efeitos adversos , Leucovorina/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Compostos Organoplatínicos/efeitos adversos , Compostos Organoplatínicos/uso terapêutico , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci ; 29: e85, 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31915097

RESUMO

Given the high prevalence (30-35%) of psychosocial and psychiatric morbidity amongst cancer patients in any phase of the disease trajectory, screening for emotional problems and disorders has become mandatory in oncology. As a process, screening begins at the entry to the cancer care system and continues at clinically meaningful times, periodically during active cancer care, or when clinically indicated. The goal is to facilitate proper referral to psychosocial oncology specialists for more specific assessment and care, as well as treatment and evaluation of the response, according to the implementation of distress management guidelines. In this editorial, we will provide a non-exhaustive overview of relevant protocols, with particular reference to the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Distress Management in Oncology Guidelines, and review the challenges and the problems in implementing screening, and the assessment and management of psychosocial and psychiatric problems in cancer centres and community care.


Assuntos
Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Neoplasias/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/diagnóstico , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Neoplasias/complicações , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Estresse Psicológico/terapia
3.
Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci ; 29: e86, 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31915100

RESUMO

With cancer incidence increasing over time worldwide, attention to the burden of psychiatric and psychosocial consequences of the disease is now mandatory for both cancer and mental health care professionals. Psychiatric disorders have been shown to affect at least 30-35% of cancer patients during all phases of the disease trajectory, and differ in nature according to stage and type of cancer. Other clinically relevant distressing psychosocial and existential conditions (e.g. demoralisation, health anxiety, loss of meaning and existential distress) not included as 'disorders' in the usual diagnostic and nosological systems (i.e. meta-diagnostic conditions) have also been shown to be present in another 15-20% of cancer patients. In this editorial, we will present a summary of the extensive literature regarding the epidemiology of the several psychosocial disorders affecting cancer patients as a cause of distress and burden to be taken into consideration and addressed in cancer care through evidence-based intervention.


Assuntos
Transtornos Mentais/complicações , Saúde Mental , Neoplasias/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Ansiedade/etiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Depressão/etiologia , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Neoplasias/complicações , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Psico-Oncologia , Qualidade de Vida , Estresse Psicológico/diagnóstico , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia
4.
Orv Hetil ; 160(47): 1872-1880, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31736343

RESUMO

Introduction: The problem of diabetes worldwide raises increasingly serious public health issues in Hungary. In recent years, the emphasis on obesity as a primary cause of diabetes has been driven by a complex understanding of the causes of civilization: the role of sleep problems and stress in the development of the disease and the aggravation of the condition has been proven and supported. Aim: The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between stress, sleep problems and diabetes in the representative Hungarostudy 2013 survey. Method: In the cross-sectional questionnaire study, 2000 adults participated. Mean of age was 46.9 (SD = 18.24) years. The average BMI was 26.0 (SD = 4.97) kg/m2. Measures: socio-demographic data, question about the presence of treated diabetes, symptomatic list, Perceived Stress Scale. Results: The frequency of diabetes treated one year before the date of the survey was 8.2%. The levels of stress experienced by diabetic patients were significantly higher than those experienced by participants not treated with diabetes (t(1944) = -2.586, p = 0.010). After adjusting potential background variables, perceived stress shows a marginally significant relationship with diabetes (OR = 1.03, p = 0.052). 26.0% of the respondents reported sleep problems last month, while 40.2% of them reported fatigue and energy shortages. The presence of sleep problems (χ2(2) = 61.108, p<0.001) and feeling of fatigue or lack of energy (χ2(2) = 51.061, p<0.001) are significantly more frequent among people with diabetes. Treated diabetes also predicts the presence of sleep problems (OR = 1.77, p = 0.003) as well as fatigue and lack of energy (OR = 1.88, p = 0.004) under the control of potential background variables. Conclusion: Our results show that, according to trends in other parts of the world, both sleep problems and stress play a significant role in the development of diabetes in Hungary. This draws attention to the need for effective screening and treatment of these factors in the prevention and treatment of diabetes in accordance with international protocols. Orv Hetil. 2019; 160(47): 1872-1880.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus/psicologia , Fadiga/complicações , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/complicações , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Fadiga/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hungria/epidemiologia , Masculino , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Clin Ter ; 170(5): e321-e327, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31612186

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are an heterogeneous group of disorders affecting temporomandibular joints (TMJ), masticatory muscles, or both. The aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship between general health and psychological distress variables and the clinical diagnosis of TMD in children between 8 - 13 years old. Moreover, it will be underlined the different perception of psychological distress existing between patients and their parents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were divided in two groups: the "case group", which includes patients with TMD, and the "control group", which included patients asymptomatic for TMD. The "case group" is composed by 29 patients, while the "control group" is composed by 22 patients. The patients were asked to fill in a questionnaire called Child Health Questionnaire (CHQ), to evaluate general health and psychological condition and, eventually, the presence of symptoms of stress, anxiety and/or depression. The CHQ is 87 - item questionnaire developed in USA specifically for children. RESULT: As widely reported during the present work, the link between TMD and psychological distress is existing and quite strong, because of lack of number of patients many aspects worth of attentions have not been analyzed as they deserved. CONCLUSION: That's way the conclusion must lead to the proposal of going on with the present study following, possibly, some aspects of research as an increase of the number of patients involved in the study; Individuate possible elements, internal and external, that could strongly influence differences between patient's results and parent's results, etc.


Assuntos
Saúde da Criança , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/complicações
6.
J Athl Train ; 54(10): 1040-1049, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31633420

RESUMO

Sport specialization is a training method now commonly used by young athletes who hope to achieve elite-level success. This may be defined as (1) choosing a main sport, (2) quitting all other sports to focus on 1 sport, and (3) year-round training (greater than 8 months per year). A number of sports medicine organizations have published recommendations based on the limited evidence available on this topic. The objective of this article was to perform a narrative review of the currently available evidence and sports medicine organizational recommendations regarding sport specialization and its effects on health to guide athletic trainers and sports medicine providers. To accomplish this goal, we conducted a narrative review of articles and position statements on sport specialization published from 1990 through 2018. Injury, overuse injury, serious overuse injury, and lower extremity injury were likely associated with higher degrees of sport specialization in various populations. Sports medicine organizations in general recommended against sport specialization in young athletes and instead promoted multisport participation for physical and psychological benefits. Few long-term data suggest that sport specialization has negative health-related quality-of-life consequences. Higher degrees of sport specialization likely pose risks of overuse injury; however, the age of specialization at which this risk occurs is not known. Because different populations and sports activities may put children at risk for certain injuries, future researchers should monitor large populations with sport-specific prospective active surveillance.


Assuntos
Traumatismos em Atletas/prevenção & controle , Transtornos Traumáticos Cumulativos , Especialização , Medicina Esportiva , Estresse Psicológico , Esportes Juvenis , Adolescente , Criança , Transtornos Traumáticos Cumulativos/epidemiologia , Transtornos Traumáticos Cumulativos/etiologia , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Medicina Esportiva/métodos , Medicina Esportiva/normas , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Estresse Psicológico/prevenção & controle , Esportes Juvenis/fisiologia , Esportes Juvenis/psicologia , Esportes Juvenis/normas
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(38): e17184, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567960

RESUMO

Although both multiple sclerosis (MS) and neuromyelitis optica (NMO) are demyelinating diseases, their psychiatric disturbances may differ given differences in the neurological manifestations. We used subjective and objective measurements to compare the psychiatric disturbances in patients with MS and NMO.Psychiatric disturbances were assessed in 24 MS and 35 NMO patients using the Beck Hopelessness Scale, Symptom Checklist-95 and the brief version of World Health Organization Quality of Life. Personality was assessed using the Big Five Inventory-10. Disease-related function was assessed using the Fatigue Severity Scale, Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire, and the Global Assessment of Function. Positivity offset (PO) and negativity bias (NB) and heart rate variability (HRV) were measured using a modified implicit affect test and photoplethysmograph, respectively. Data were analyzed using analysis of covariance with age and sex as covariates.MS patients had higher levels of depression, anxiety, panic attacks, obsessive-compulsiveness, aggression, paranoia, interpersonal sensitivity, self-regulation problems, stress vulnerability, and lower psychological quality of life (QOL) compared with NMO patients. The PO and NB and HRV values were not significantly different between groups. However, NMO patients had lower QOL, and higher levels of hopelessness, suicidality, and fatigue than the normal range. Disease duration was associated with hopelessness in NMO patients and with several psychiatric disturbances, but not hopelessness, in MS patients.Subjective psychiatric disturbances were more severe in patients with MS than in those with NMO, whereas PO and NB and HRV in patients with NMO were comparable with those of MS patients. Our findings highlight the need for different clinical approaches to assess and treat psychiatric disturbances in patients with MS and NMO.


Assuntos
Transtornos Mentais/etiologia , Esclerose Múltipla/psicologia , Neuromielite Óptica/psicologia , Adulto , Ansiedade/etiologia , Depressão/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Esclerose Múltipla/complicações , Neuromielite Óptica/complicações , Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo/etiologia , Transtorno de Pânico/etiologia , Transtornos Paranoides/etiologia , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia
8.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 65(9): 1174-1180, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31618333

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The study aims to explore the relationship between preoperative anxiety and chronic postoperative pain. METHODS: A total of forty rats were divided into four groups, control, single-prolonged stress alone, Hysterectomy alone, and SPS+ Hysterectomy. The paw withdrawal mechanical thresholds (PWMT) were examined. qRT-PCR and western blotting assay were performed to detect the GFAP expression in astrocytes isolated from the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) region. In addition, the long-term potentiation (LTP) in ACC was examined. RESULTS: Rats in the SPS group or the Hysterectomy alone group had no significant effect on chronic pain formation, but SPS can significantly induce chronic pain after surgery. Astrocytes were still active, and the LTP was significantly increased three days after modeling in the SPS+Hysterectomy group. CONCLUSIONS: anxiety can induce chronic pain by activating astrocytes in the ACC region.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/complicações , Astrócitos/metabolismo , Dor Crônica/etiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Animais , Dor Crônica/psicologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Proteína Glial Fibrilar Ácida/metabolismo , Giro do Cíngulo/metabolismo , Membro Posterior , Histerectomia , Potenciação de Longa Duração/fisiologia , Limiar da Dor/fisiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/psicologia , Período Pré-Operatório , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Fatores de Tempo
9.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 13(9): e0007768, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568478

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Zika virus (ZIKV) infection in pregnancy can cause microcephaly and a wide spectrum of severe adverse outcomes, collectively called "Congenital Zika Syndrome" (CZS). Parenting a child with disabilities can have adverse mental health impacts, but these associations have not been fully explored in the context of CZS in Brazil. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A cross-sectional study was undertaken in Recife and Rio de Janeiro, including 163 caregivers of a child with CZS (cases) and 324 caregivers with an unaffected child (comparison subjects), identified from existing studies. The primary caregiver, almost always the mother, was interviewed using a structured questionnaire to collect information on: depression, anxiety, and stress (Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale-DASS-21), social support (Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Scale-MOS-SSS), and socio-demographic data. Data was collected May 2017-January 2018. Ethical standards were adhered to throughout the research. A high proportion of mothers reported experiencing severe or extremely severe levels of depression (18%), anxiety (27%) and stress (36%). Mothers of children with CZS were more likely to experience symptoms of depression, anxiety andstress, compared to mothers of comparison children. These associations were more apparent among mothers living in Rio de Janeiro. These differences were reduced after adjustment for socio-economic status and social support. Among mothers of children with CZS, low social support was linked to higher levels of depression, anxiety and stress, but there was no association with socio-economic status. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Depression, anxiety and stress were very common among mothers of young children in Brazil, regardless of whether they were parenting a child with disabilities. Mothers of children with CZS may be particularly vulnerable to poor mental health, and this association may be buffered through better social support.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Mães/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Infecção por Zika virus/congênito , Adulto , Ansiedade/etiologia , Brasil , Cuidadores/psicologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Microcefalia , Classe Social , Apoio Social , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31546974

RESUMO

Noise legislation in Austria does not provide an assessment of the cumulative effect of noise from different sources. The desire of citizens for a total noise assessment is getting stronger. Within the pilot project "Gesamtlärmbetrachtung" (Total Noise Investigation) Innsbruck, data from 1031 face-to-face interviews were correlated with exposure data from road, rail and air traffic noise. The interviews were selected in clusters according to the exposure combinations of these three sources. In addition to exposure-response relationships, it has also been found that the annoyance response to air and rail traffic noise is independent of the background noise from road traffic. The total noise annoyance response shows a cumulative effect in each source considered. From the source specific exposure-response relationships, a total noise assessment model based on the annoyance equivalents model was developed. This model is more suitable than the dominant source model and thus also considerable for legal application.


Assuntos
Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Exposição Ambiental/estatística & dados numéricos , Ruído dos Transportes/efeitos adversos , Ruído dos Transportes/estatística & dados numéricos , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Adulto , Aeronaves , Animais , Áustria , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ruído , Projetos Piloto , Ferrovias
12.
Dis Colon Rectum ; 62(10): 1204-1211, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31490829

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Almost all patients with familial adenomatous polyposis undergo abdominal surgery with a risk of disease and surgery-related complications. This, the familial nature of the syndrome, and its wide-ranging manifestations make patients prone to mental health symptoms. If this is true, patients need appropriate evaluation and treatment. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to record the experience of mental health symptoms in a group of unselected patients with FAP. DESIGN: We conducted an observational study using an anonymized mental health symptom survey for patients affected with familial adenomatous polyposis. SETTINGS: The study was conducted using the Hereditary Colorectal Cancer Registry in a tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Patients affected with familial adenomatous polyposis were included. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Results of the mental health survey were measured. RESULTS: Seventy nine of 100 patients completed the survey; 57 endorsed ≥1 psychosocial symptom (72.2%). with a mean of 4 per patient. Nine patients (11.4%) met all 4 of the American Psychiatric Association diagnostic criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder, and 8 (10.1%) endorsed partial posttraumatic stress disorder criteria (3/4 symptoms). Patients who met all of the criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder had an average of 9.3 psychosocial symptoms each compared with 8.3 for those who met 3 of 4 and 2.2 for those who met <3. Six patients endorsed suicidal thoughts, all of whom met 3 or 4 of the criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder. LIMITATIONS: The study was limited by its referral bias toward severe cases and relatively small number of patients. Because of the limitations of an anonymous self-administered screening, no mental health diagnoses have been given. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with familial adenomatous polyposis are at risk for mental health symptoms, which can be multiple and severe. Some patients need professional counseling. A correlation between familial adenomatous polyposis patients with posttraumatic stress disorder and suicidal ideation is important. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/A995. SÍNTOMAS PSICOPATOLÓGICOS EN PACIENTES CON PÓLIPOSIS ADENOMATOSO FAMILIAR: UN ESTUDIO OBSERVACIONAL: Un mayoría de pacientes con póliposis adenomatoso familiar (PAF) se someten a cirugía abdominal con los riesgos de enfermedad propria y complicaciones relacionadas a cirugía. Estos factores, la relación familiar del síndrome y sus manifestaciones altamente variables hacen que los pacientes sean propensos a psicopatologías. Si estas consideraciones son validas, los pacientes requieren evaluación y tratamiento adecuado. OBJETIVO: Documentar la experiencia de los síntomas psicopatológicos en un grupo de pacientes no seleccionados con PAF. DISEÑO:: Estudio observacional utilizando una encuesta anónima de síntomas psicopatológicos en pacientes afectados con póliposis adenomatoso familiar. AMBIENTE CLINICO: Registro de cáncer colorrectal hereditario en un centro de referencia de tercer nivel. PACIENTES: Individuos afectados con póliposis adenomatoso familiar. OBJETIVOS PRINCIPALES A VALORACIÓN:: Resultados de la encuesta de salud mental. RESULTADOS: Setenta y nueve de 100 pacientes completaron la encuesta; 57 afirmaron uno o más síntomas psicosociales (72,2%) con un promedio de 4 por paciente. 9 (11,4%) pacientes cumplieron con los 4 criterios de diagnóstico de la Asociación Estadounidense de Psiquiatría para el trastorno por estrés postraumático, y 8 (10,1%) llenaron los criterios del trastorno de estrés postraumático parcial (3/4 síntomas). Los pacientes que cumplieron con todos los criterios para el trastorno por estrés postraumático tuvieron un promedio de 9.3 síntomas psicosociales cada uno, en comparación con 8.3 para los que cumplieron con 3/4 y 2.2 para los que cumplieron con <3. 6 pacientes afirmaron pensamientos de suicidio, todos los cuales cumplieron con 3 o 4 de los criterios para el trastorno por estrés postraumático. LIMITACIONES: Sesgo de referencia hacia casos graves, y un número relativamente pequeño de pacientes. Debido a las limitaciones de un examen anónimo auto administrado, no se confirmaron diagnósticos de psicopatología. CONCLUSIONES: Los pacientes con póliposis adenomatoso familiar tienen riesgo de síntomas de salud mental alterada que pueden ser múltiples y graves. Algunos pacientes necesitan asesoramiento profesional. La correlación entre los pacientes con póliposis adenomatoso familiar con trastorno por estrés postraumático y ideación suicida es importante. Vea el Resumen del Video en http://links.lww.com/DCR/A995.


Assuntos
Polipose Adenomatosa do Colo/psicologia , Saúde Mental , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Estresse Psicológico/diagnóstico , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
13.
Eur J Oncol Nurs ; 42: 126-133, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31522057

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Breast cancer patients have many needs, including strategies to cope with the associated distress, during and after cancer treatment. Establishing and implementing adequate social and emotional support for these women, to reduce the detrimental effects of stress resulting from their treatment and disease, is the need of the hour. This study aims to assess how women, diagnosed and treated for breast cancer, combat emotional stress using mechanisms of coping and control and emotional defense, as well as to identify potential groups among them, with different long-term patterns and needs. METHODS: 98 patients belonging to a local breast cancer support association (ALMOM), were enrolled in this study. A questionnaire specifically designed for them was administered, and its internal consistency and reliability assessed. A hierarchical clustering was employed to classify the women. The questionnaire focused on four sections, including personal feelings, coping strategies, environmental influences and maladaptive coping. RESULTS: An adequate internal reliability was obtained with Cronbach's α near or greater than 0.60. Personal feelings were significant and clearly correlated with coping strategies and maladaptive coping. Three groups of women with different patterns of emotional characteristics and needs were identified: positivist, unsafe, and hopeless women, with different long-term emotional needs to be satisfied. CONCLUSIONS: Psychological therapeutic interventions should be maintained in many breast cancer patients over time, even after treatment completion, in order to consolidate adaptive and sustainable responses.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/prevenção & controle , Adaptação Psicológica , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Estudos Transversais , Emoções , Feminino , Humanos , Assistência de Longa Duração , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
Int J Public Health ; 64(8): 1193-1201, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31489461

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: A long-term civil conflict has been occurring in the southernmost provinces of Thailand, and migration to Malaysia has been accelerated by this conflict. The objective of this work was to examine the influence of perceived effects of the unrest, migration of a household member, and children left behind on the reporting of psychiatric symptoms of working age adults. METHODS: A first round of data collection was conducted in 2014 including interviews with a probability sample of 1102 households and individual interviews with 2058 males and females aged 18-59. In 2016, a second round of data collection was conducted. A fixed effects model was used in the analysis. RESULTS: The perceived effect of the unrest on the household was associated with an increased reporting of psychiatric symptoms. Furthermore, the migration of a household member for work and the presence of children left behind were related to an increased reporting of psychiatric symptoms among adults, especially among females. CONCLUSIONS: The unrest and its associated migration was related to an increased reporting of psychiatric symptoms among working age adults in the study population.


Assuntos
Distúrbios Civis , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Saúde Mental , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Emigração e Imigração , Características da Família , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Transtornos Mentais/etiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Tailândia/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
15.
Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw ; 22(8): 521-528, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31403856

RESUMO

Sexting is widely prevalent among young adults; however, the impact of sexting on mental health is not fully understood. This study aimed to investigate sexting behavior among young adults (18-30 years) attending an Australian music festival and the impact of sexting on mental health. A paper survey was completed by 776 respondents. Psychological distress (Kessler 6) was classified as "distressed" or "not distressed." Univariate and logistic regressions were used to test the associations between sexting and distress. In the past 12 months, 53.1 percent of respondents had sent a sexually explicit message, 43.1 percent had sent a sexually explicit image, 61.2 percent had received a sexually explicit message, and 55.1 percent had received a sexually explicit image. Three quarters of respondents (73.1 percent) felt that sexting could have a positive impact. No association was found between the frequency of sending and receiving sexually explicit images or messages in univariate analyses. However, the more unwanted messages/images were received in the past year, the more likely respondents were to be distressed as seen in univariate analyses. After adjusting for gender, sexual orientation, and alcohol, people who received 5 or more unsolicited messages were 2.4 times more likely to be distressed (odds ratio = 2.42, 95% confidence interval = 1.33-4.40, p = 0.004). In conclusion, this study showed that sexting is common and that the more unsolicited sexts that were received, the higher the distress level. Policymakers and program developers should be aware of the positive and negative impact of sexting.


Assuntos
Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Mensagem de Texto/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Austrália/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Música , Prevalência , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
16.
Transplant Proc ; 51(7): 2232-2236, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31399201

RESUMO

The aims of this study were to (1) determine psychological states and wellbeing of living kidney donors and (2) assess their interaction and association with subjective evaluations of donors. This retrospective, cross-sectional study was conducted with 208 living kidney donors (123 women; 59.1%), aged between 22 and 79 years (48.74 ± 11.78) who underwent a nephrectomy between 2006 and 2017. All donors were evaluated face-to-face. The sociodemographic data collection form, a 4-question survey developed by researchers for subjective evaluations, the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), and Contentment with Life Assessment Scale (CLAS) were administered. Only few donors, 3.8% and 7.2% respectively, were above the clinical cut off scores of the BDI and BAI. This was equivalent to the normal population. Eighty percent of respondents were satisfied with life. Only 5 donors (2.4%) claimed to have any regrets about their experience and scored higher for depression and lower for life satisfaction (P < .001). Similarly, 33 (15.9%) donors having thoughts of getting ill easily after the operation were found to be more depressive and anxious, with lower life satisfaction (P < .001). In most cases their relationship to the recipient was reported not to be changed (64.4%) or even improved (32.5%), and that was found to be related to lower depression scores (P < .001). Respondents within the first year of donation reported higher depression (P = .019) and lower life satisfaction (P = .001) scores. Finally, postoperative complications were found to increase anxiety and lower life satisfaction (P = .018, P = .026). Degree of affinity between donors and recipients showed no difference in postoperative psychological outcomes and life satisfaction. These results suggest that overall, living kidney donation does not have a negative impact on donors' life satisfaction and mental status in the long term. However, the results of the unvalidated additional survey questions underlined the importance of follow-up of donors, especially in the first year, and screening of donors' subjective experiences in gaining additional insight about donors' mental well-being.


Assuntos
Doadores Vivos/psicologia , Nefrectomia/psicologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Coleta de Tecidos e Órgãos/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Ansiedade/etiologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/etiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Transplante de Rim , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Satisfação Pessoal , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Período Pós-Operatório , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
17.
Ethiop J Health Sci ; 29(3): 353-360, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31447503

RESUMO

Background: Although mental health problems affect the general population, students are highly vulnerable to psychological disorders. Mental distress among students is a cause of concern as it may impair their behavior and diminish learning, which could negatively affect their academic performance. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess the prevalence and the factors associated with mental distress among college students in Southern Ethiopia. Methods: Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted among 280 regular students of Hawassa College of Health Sciences. Mental distress was measured using a Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20). The data were entered into Epi-Info version 3.5.4 and analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 20. Multivariable logistic analysis was performed following bivariate analysis to adjust for the effect of confounders. Result: The prevalence of mental distress among the study subjects was found to be 59 (22.30%). Female students were 2.08 times more likely to have mental distress as compared to male students (AOR =2.08 [95% CI: 1.14-3.82]). The odds of mental distress among third-year students was 60% lower compared to second-year students [AOR = 0.40; 95 % CI, (0.19, 0.87)]. Students who were from Amhara ethnic group were 3.37 times more likely to have mental distress as compared to students from Sidama ethnic group [AOR=3.37;95%CI (1.13-10.09)]. Moreover, students who had Grade Point Average of below 60% were 4.69 times more likely to be mentally distressed as compared to those students who scored Grade Point Average of greater or equal to 60% (AOR= 4.69; 95% CI,[ 2.46, 8.96). Conclusion: The finding suggests the importance of providing mental health counseling support for students as part of the teaching and learning process. More research to further explore the multiple factors influencing students' mental health condition should also be conducted.


Assuntos
Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Escolaridade , Etiópia/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
18.
Ethiop J Health Sci ; 29(3): 369-376, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31447505

RESUMO

Background: Preeclampsia is a prevalent side effect of pregnancy. Different studies have reported different results about the relationship between mental stress and blood pressure disorders. In addition, social support is highly important to help women who experience risky pregnancy in adapting to the stressors they experience. This study aimed to compare perceived social support and perceived stress in women with and without preeclampsia. Methods and Materials: Fifty pregnant women definitely diagnosed with preeclampsia and 50 healthy pregnant women visiting public hospitals including Hazrat Masoumeh, Motazedi, and Imam Reza in Kermanshah-Iran took part in a descriptiveanalytical study from June 2017 to January 2018. Data gathering tools included demographics questionnaire, social support appraisals scale and perceived stress scale. The collected data was analyzed with SPSS (v.20) using independent t-test. Results: The mean score of perceived social support in the preeclampsia and non-preeclampsia groups were 69.88±7.3 and 76.80±7.6 respectively (P<0.01). The mean score of perceived stress in the preeclampsia and non-preeclampsia groups were 35.6±8.7 and 26.01±5.56 respectively (P<0.01). This means that compared with healthy women, women with preeclampsia perceived more stress and less social support. Conclusion: In comparison with healthy pregnant women, women with preeclampsia perceived more stress and less social support. Healthcare providers should recommended to pay more attention to improving social support and attenuating stress in pregnant women.


Assuntos
Pré-Eclâmpsia/psicologia , Gravidez/psicologia , Apoio Social , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31431004

RESUMO

Exposure to air pollution affects human activity and health. Particularly, in Asian countries, the influence of particulate matter on humans has received wide attention. However, there is still a lack of research about the effects of particulate matter on human outdoor activities and mental health. Therefore, we aimed to explore the association between exposure to particulate matter with a diameter of less than 10 µm (PM10) and outdoor activity along with mental health in South Korea where issues caused by particulate matter increasingly have social and economic impacts. We examined this relationship by combining the physical and habitual factors of approximately 100,000 people in 2015 from the Korean National Health Survey. To measure each individual's exposure to particulate matter, we computed the total hours exposed to a high PM10 concentration (>80 µg/m3) in a given district one month before the survey was conducted. After dividing all districts into six groups according to the exposed level of the high PM10, we applied the propensity score-weighting method to control for observable background characteristics. We then estimated the impact of the high PM10 on outdoor activity and mental health between the weighted individuals in each group. Our main findings suggest that the impact of PM10 on outdoor activity and stress shows an inverted-U shaped function, which is counterintuitive. Specifically, both outdoor activity and stress levels tend to be worsened when the exposure time to a high PM10 (>80 µg/m3) was more than 20 h. Related policy implications are discussed.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/efeitos adversos , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Exercício/psicologia , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Material Particulado/efeitos adversos , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Material Particulado/análise , Pontuação de Propensão , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Estresse Psicológico/diagnóstico , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia
20.
BMC Palliat Care ; 18(1): 60, 2019 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31331302

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Incurable oesophageal cancer patients are often affected by existential distress and deterioration of quality of life. Knowledge about the life situation of this patient group is important to provide relevant palliative care and support. The purpose of this study is to illuminate the ways in which incurable oesophageal cancer disrupts the patients' lives and how the patients experience and adapt to life with the disease. METHODS: Seventeen patients receiving palliative care for oesophageal cancer were interviewed 1-23 months after diagnosis. The epistemological approach was inspired by phenomenology and hermeneutics, and the method of data collection, analysis and interpretation consisted of individual qualitative interviews and meaning condensation, inspired by Kvale and Brinkmann. RESULTS: The study reveals how patients with incurable oesophageal cancer experience metaphorically to end up at a "table in the corner". The patients experience loss of dignity, identity and community. The study illuminated how illness and symptoms impact and control daily life and social relations, described under these subheadings: "sense of isolation"; "being in a zombie-like state"; "one day at a time"; and "at sea". Patients feel alone with the threat to their lives and everyday existence; they feel isolated due to the inhibiting symptoms of their illness, anxiety, worry and daily losses and challenges. CONCLUSIONS: The patients' lives are turned upside down, and they experience loss of health, function and familiar, daily habits. The prominent issues for the patients are loneliness and lack of continuity. As far as their normal everyday lives, social networks and the health system are concerned, patients feel they have been banished to a "table in the corner". These patients have a particular need for healthcare professionals who are dedicated to identifying what can be done to support the patients in their everyday lives, preserve dignity and provide additional palliative care.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas/psicologia , Cuidados Paliativos/normas , Percepção , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Adulto , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente/tendências , Neoplasias Esofágicas/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Satisfação do Paciente , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
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