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1.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 14290, 2020 08 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32868801

RESUMO

Several drug candidates have been proposed and tested as the latest clinical treatment for coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19). Chloroquine, hydroxychloroquine, ritonavir/lopinavir, and favipiravir are under trials for the treatment of this disease. The hyperpolarization technique has the ability to further provide a better understanding of the roles of these drugs at the molecular scale and in different applications in the field of nuclear magnetic resonance/magnetic resonance imaging. This technique may provide new opportunities in diagnosis and research of COVID-19. Signal amplification by reversible exchange-based hyperpolarization studies on large-sized drug candidates were carried out. We observed hyperpolarized proton signals from whole structures, due to the unprecedented long-distance polarization transfer by para-hydrogen. We also found that the optimal magnetic field for the maximum polarization transfer yield was dependent on the molecular structure. We can expect further research on the hyperpolarization of other important large molecules, isotope labeling, as well as polarization transfer on nuclei with a long spin relaxation time. A clinical perspective of these features on drug molecules can broaden the application of hyperpolarization techniques for therapeutic studies.


Assuntos
Antivirais/farmacologia , Betacoronavirus/efeitos dos fármacos , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Descoberta de Drogas , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Amidas/química , Amidas/farmacologia , Antivirais/química , Cloroquina/química , Cloroquina/farmacologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Descoberta de Drogas/métodos , Humanos , Lopinavir/química , Lopinavir/farmacologia , Estrutura Molecular , Ressonância Magnética Nuclear Biomolecular , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pirazinas/química , Pirazinas/farmacologia , Ritonavir/química , Ritonavir/farmacologia
2.
Phytochemistry ; 178: 112463, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32888669

RESUMO

Ten undescribed alkaloids, named integerrines A-J, including one racemic heterodimer of carbazole and indole, two racemic, two scalemic, and one enantiomerically enriched biscarbazoles, two aldoximes, and one racemic pyrrolone, were isolated from the dried leaves and stems of Micromelum integerrimum. The racemic or scalemic compounds were resolved using chiral-phase HPLC and their configurations were determined by comparison of experimental and calculated ECD data. Four compounds exhibited moderate to weak cytotoxicities against HepG2, HTC-116, HeLa, and PANC-1 cell lines, with IC50 values of 14.1-67.5 µM.


Assuntos
Alcaloides , Antineoplásicos , Rutaceae , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Folhas de Planta
3.
Phytochemistry ; 178: 112458, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32888670

RESUMO

Six previously undescribed tropane alkaloids, designated as erythrobezerrines A-F, were isolated from the EtOH extract from the stem bark of Erythroxylum bezerrae Plowman. Their structures were elucidated based on the interpretation of the NMR and MS data and in some instances, confirmed by X-ray diffraction analysis. The cytotoxicity of the isolated compounds was evaluated against the cancer cell lines L929, PC-3, HCT-116, SNB-19 and NCI-H460, but only erythrobezerrine C showed moderate activity with IC50 values of 3.38 and 5.43 µM for HCT-116 and NCI-H460, respectively.


Assuntos
Erythroxylaceae , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Estrutura Molecular , Casca de Planta , Tropanos
4.
Phytochemistry ; 178: 112462, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32888671

RESUMO

Five undescribed 12-membered macrolides containing thioethers, thiocladospolides F-J, together with the known biogenetic related analogues, were isolated from a mangrove-derived endophytic fungus Cladosporium oxysporum. The absolute configuration of thiocladospolide F was deduced by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, and those of thiocladospolides G-J were determined based on specific optical rotation and electronic circular dichroism (ECD) data, as well as the biogenetic considerations. Thiocladospolide G display the best antimicrobial activity against the aquatic pathogen Edwardsiella tarda with minimal inhibit concentration (MIC) value of 4 µg/mL.


Assuntos
Cladosporium , Macrolídeos , Antibacterianos , Fungos , Estrutura Molecular , Enxofre
5.
Phytochemistry ; 178: 112459, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32888673

RESUMO

Nine unprecedented diterpenoid alkaloid, including a diterpenoid alkaloid featuring a diterpenoid moiety, anthoroidine A; one bisditerpenoid alkaloid joined with a carbon-carbon single bond, anthoroidine B; three racemulosine-type C20-diterpenoid alkaloids, anthoroidines C-E; one hetidine-type C20-diterpenoid alkaloid, anthoroidine F; and three hetisine-type C20-diterpenoid alkaloids, anthoroidines G-I, together with ten known diterpenoid alkaloids were isolated from Aconitum anthoroideum DC. Their structures were established via detailed spectroscopic analyses. Most of the isolated compounds along with five known diterpenoid alkaloids obtained in a previous study were screened for neuroprotective activities and acetylcholinesterase inhibitory effects. Nominine showed potent protective activity against MPP+-induced apoptosis in SH-SY5Y cells, with a rescue rate of 34.4% (50 µM). Rotundifosine F showed a significant inhibitory activity against AChE (IC50 = 0.3 µM). The structure-activity relationship of these alkaloids is also briefly discussed.


Assuntos
Aconitum , Alcaloides , Diterpenos , Acetilcolinesterase , Apoptose , Estrutura Molecular , Raízes de Plantas
6.
J Environ Pathol Toxicol Oncol ; 39(3): 201-212, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32865912

RESUMO

Acute and chronic effects of ultraviolet radiation (UVR) on human health have long been a concern. It is well known that acute UVR causes epidermal hyperplasia, erythema, delayed tanning, pigment darkening, and free-radical formation. Apart from acute effects of UVR, its chronic effects involve immunosuppression, photoaging, exacerbation, photodermatoses, and photocarcinogenesis. To protect skin from harmful effects of UVR, UV filters were developed. But these may cause harmful effects in humans and on the environment; adverse effects of these chemicals have been evaluated for > 20 yr. Studies show that UV filters may lead to endocrine disruption, hepatotoxicity, mutagenicity, and systemic toxicity. Literature on environmental effects of UV filters suggests that they are bioaccumulative, pseudopersistent, and possibly toxic to aquatic ecosystems. The objective of this review is to summarize toxic effects and safety concerns of organic UV filters on human beings and the environment. We focus on UV filters' organic endocrine-disrupting effects by reviewing both in vivo and in vitro studies.


Assuntos
Disruptores Endócrinos/toxicidade , Compostos Orgânicos/toxicidade , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Reprodução/efeitos dos fármacos , Protetores Solares/toxicidade , Animais , Biotransformação , Disruptores Endócrinos/química , Disruptores Endócrinos/farmacocinética , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Orgânicos/química , Compostos Orgânicos/farmacocinética , Protetores Solares/química , Protetores Solares/farmacocinética
7.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(15): 3617-3630, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893551

RESUMO

The tirucallane-type triterpenoids, composed of six isoprene units, belong to a group of tetracyclic triterpenoids. Although the naturally-derived tirucallane-type triterpenoids were found in a small amount, the kind of compounds showed various structures, which consist of apo-type, linear said-chain-type and cyclolike said-chain-type and broad bioactivities, such as cytotoxicity, anti-inflammation, antioxidation and anti-plasmin, etc. This paper summarized origins, structures and bioactivities of tirucallane-type triterpenoids in recent ten years. The future research and exploration of tirucallane-type triterpenoids were discussed and prospected.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos , Triterpenos , Estrutura Molecular
8.
Anticancer Res ; 40(9): 5015-5024, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878789

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Despite being a rare disease, melanoma is considered the most dangerous skin cancer due to its highly invasive and aggressive nature, and still requires for more effective treatments. The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vitro anti-melanoma potential of Ephedranthus pisocarpus R.E.Fr. (Annonaceae), a popular Brazilian plant with medicinal properties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Initially, the ethanolic extract (EtOH) was obtained from E. pisocarpus leaves and later partitioned using increasing polarity solvents. The anti-melanoma potential of E. pisocarpus was assessed by spectrophotometry and its cytotoxicity determined by the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and confocal microscopy. RESULTS: We demonstrated that the EtOH extract and fractions from E. pisocarpus had a moderate photoprotective action (FPS 3.0-5.0) against UVA radiation. Interestingly, the dichloromethane fraction presented higher anti-melanoma activity against B16-F10 (IC50=46.8 µg/ml) and SK-MEL-28 cells (IC50=40.1 µg/ml) and lesser toxicity on normal cells. Additionally, our study reported that spathulenol, one of the major constituents from E. pisocarpus, acts through an apoptosis-dependent mechanism in SK-MEL-28 cells. CONCLUSION: The present study demonstrated, for the first time, the in vitro anti-melanoma potential of E. pisocarpus against melanoma cells.


Assuntos
Annonaceae/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Brasil , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Citotoxicidade Imunológica , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Hemólise , Humanos , Melanoma Experimental , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação
9.
Anticancer Res ; 40(9): 5025-5033, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878790

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: This study aimed to investigate the effect of a new 7-(4-(N-substituted carbamoylmethyl) piperazin-1-yl) ciprofloxacin-derivative on the proliferation and migration abilities of HeLa cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cell viability and morphological alterations were examined. Changes in migration were detected using wound healing and colony formation assays. Flow cytometry and western blotting were used to investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying this ciprofloxacin-derivative's action in HeLa cells. RESULTS: The examined ciprofloxacin-derivative reduced viability of HeLa cells in a concentration-dependent manner and altered cellular morphology, indicating cell death. Furthermore, it significantly inhibited wound closure, even in a non-cytotoxic concentration, and reduced HeLa cell colony formation. In addition, apoptosis was increased probably through significant up-regulation of Bax protein expression and the generation of active cleaved caspase-3 protein. CONCLUSION: Our new derivative inhibits proliferation and induces apoptosis of HeLa cells. Furthermore, it suppressed the migration and colony formation abilities of HeLa cells. Therefore, it represents an attractive agent for drug development against cervical cancer based on its anti-metastatic effect.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Ciprofloxacino/análogos & derivados , Ciprofloxacino/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciprofloxacino/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Células HeLa , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Ensaio Tumoral de Célula-Tronco
10.
Anticancer Res ; 40(9): 5035-5041, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878791

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Based on the cytotoxic agent (-)-zampanolide, N,N'-(arylmethylene)bisamides were designed and synthesized as candidate anti-cancer agents. Among them, N,N'-[(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)methylene]biscinnamide (DPMBC) was identified as the most potent cytotoxic analog against cancer cells. In this study, we investigated the mechanisms underlying DPMBC-induced cell death in HL-60 human promyelocytic leukemia and PC-3 human prostate cancer cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cell growth was assessed by the WST-8 assay. Induction of apoptosis was assessed by nuclear morphology, DNA ladder formation, and flow cytometry using Annexin V staining. Activation of factors in the apoptotic signaling pathway was assessed by western blot analyses. Knockdown of death receptor 5 (DR5) was performed using siRNA. RESULTS: DPMBC up-regulated expression levels of DR5 protein and induced apoptosis through the extrinsic apoptotic pathway mediated by DR5 and caspases. CONCLUSION: DPMBC is an extrinsic apoptosis inducer, which has potential as a therapeutic agent for cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrolídeos/farmacologia , Receptores do Ligante Indutor de Apoptose Relacionado a TNF/genética , Antineoplásicos/química , Caspases/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Fragmentação do DNA , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Macrolídeos/química , Estrutura Molecular , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Receptores do Ligante Indutor de Apoptose Relacionado a TNF/metabolismo
11.
Anticancer Res ; 40(9): 5049-5057, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878793

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Studies with acridine compounds have reported anticancer effects. Herein, we evaluated the toxicity and antitumor effect of the (E)-1'-((4-chlorobenzylidene)amino)-5'-oxo-1',5'-dihydro-10H-spiro[acridine-9,2'-pyrrole]-4'-carbonitrile (AMTAC-06), a promising anticancer spiro-acridine compound. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The toxicity of AMTAC-06 was evaluated on zebrafish and mice. Antitumor activity was assessed in Ehrlich ascites carcinoma model. Effects on angiogenesis, cytokine levels and cell cycle were also investigated. RESULTS: AMTAC-06 did not induce toxicity on zebrafish and mice (LD50 approximately 5000 mg/kg, intraperitoneally). No genotoxicity was observed on micronucleus assay. AMTAC-06 significantly reduced the total viable Ehrlich tumor cells and increased sub-G1 peak, suggesting apoptosis was triggered. Moreover, the compound significantly decreased the density of peritumoral microvessels, indicating an anti-angiogenic action, possibly dependent on the cytokine modulation (TNF-α, IL-1ß and IFN-γ). No significant toxicological effects were recorded for AMTAC-06 on tumor transplanted animals. CONCLUSION: AMTAC-06 has low toxicity and a significant antitumor activity.


Assuntos
Acridinas/farmacologia , Inibidores da Angiogênese/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Fatores Imunológicos/farmacologia , Compostos de Espiro/farmacologia , Acridinas/química , Inibidores da Angiogênese/química , Animais , Antineoplásicos/química , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Citocinas/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Fatores Imunológicos/química , Imunomodulação/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos de Espiro/química , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto , Peixe-Zebra
12.
Anticancer Res ; 40(9): 5081-5090, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878796

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is an aggressive type of breast cancer with limited targets for chemotherapy. This study evaluated the inhibitory effects of novel imidazo[2,1-b]oxazole-based rapidly accelerated fibrosarcoma (RAF) inhibitors, KIST0215-1 and KIST0215-2, on epithelial cell transformation and TNBC tumorigenesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Immunoblotting, BrdU incorporation assay, reporter gene assay, and soft agar assay analyses were performed. In vivo effects were studied using the BALB/c mouse xenograft model. RESULTS: KIST0215-1 and KIST0215-2 inhibited the RAFs-MEK1/2-ERK1/2 signalling pathway induced by EGF in MDA-MB-231 cells, which inhibited c-fos transcriptional activity and activator protein-1 transactivation activity. KIST0215-1 and KIST0215-2 also prevented neoplastic transformation of JB6 C141 mouse epidermal cells induced by EGF and consistently suppressed the growth of tumours formed by 4T1 cells in BALB/c mice. CONCLUSION: Inhibition of RAF kinases using KIST0215-1 and KIST0215-2 is a promising chemotherapeutic strategy to treat TNBC.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/efeitos dos fármacos , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/efeitos dos fármacos , Imidazóis/farmacologia , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/etiologia , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/genética , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Feminino , Genes Reporter , Humanos , Imidazóis/química , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
13.
Anticancer Res ; 40(9): 5125-5140, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878801

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Neuroblastoma (NB), the most common extracranial malignant childhood tumor accounts for about 15% of cancer-related deaths in children. Despite the intensive treatment of patients with high-risk scarification of NB, clinical outcomes indicate tumor recurrence greater than 50% and late severe adverse effects. Oxazolidinones are 5-membered heterocyclic compounds with antibacterial activity against resistant bacterial strains. Structural modifications around the oxazolidinone moiety have resulted in derivatives with anti-cancer properties against proliferation, motility, and invasion of breast cancer cells. This study aimed to examine the anti-cancer potential of novel oxazolidinones against a model of a neuroblastoma cell line. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Newly synthesized and characterized triazolyl-oxazolidinone derivatives were incubated with neuroblastoma Kelly cells. The anti-proliferation and anti-progression effects of the compounds were evaluated by MTT, and adhesion with migration assays. RESULTS: The 5-nitrofuroyl glycinyl-oxazolidinone containing 4-methyltriazolyl group demonstrated the most potent activity with an IC50=6.52 µM. Furthermore, the D-isomer of 5-nitrothiophenecarbonyl alaninyl containing derivative reduced the adhesion to fibronectin by 56.34%, while the D-isomer of 5-nitrofuroyl alaninyl derivative reduced the migration of Kelly cells by 29.14%. CONCLUSION: The presence of the 4-methyltriazolyl moiety seems to enhance the anti-proliferative property of triazolyl-oxazolidinone derivatives, as demonstrated by PH-145. There is little or no effect of the stereochemistry of the alanine side-chain on the antiproliferative effect, as demonstrated by the 5-nitrofuroyl D- and L-alaninyl containing derivatives with similar IC50 values. The observed differences in the inhibition of adhesion and migration by the oxazolidinones on Kelly cells provide a new therapeutic approach that needs further investigation.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Oxazolidinonas/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Neuroblastoma , Oxazolidinonas/síntese química , Oxazolidinonas/química
14.
N Engl J Med ; 383(11): 1018-1027, 2020 09 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32905674

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Factor VIII replacement products have improved the care of patients with hemophilia A, but the short half-life of these products affects the patients' quality of life. The half-life of recombinant factor VIII ranges from 15 to 19 hours because of the von Willebrand factor chaperone effect. BIVV001 (rFVIIIFc-VWF-XTEN) is a novel fusion protein designed to overcome this half-life ceiling and maintain high sustained factor VIII activity levels. Data are lacking on the safety and pharmacokinetics of single-dose BIVV001. METHODS: In this phase 1-2a open-label trial, we consecutively assigned 16 previously treated men (18 to 65 years of age) with severe hemophilia A (factor VIII activity, <1%) to receive a single intravenous injection of recombinant factor VIII at a dose of 25 IU per kilogram of body weight (lower-dose group) or 65 IU per kilogram (higher-dose group). This injection was followed by a washout period of at least 3 days. The patients then received a single intravenous injection of BIVV001 at the same corresponding dose of either 25 IU or 65 IU per kilogram. Adverse events and pharmacokinetic measurements were assessed. RESULTS: No inhibitors to factor VIII were detected and no hypersensitivity or anaphylaxis events were reported up to 28 days after the injection of single-dose BIVV001. The geometric mean half-life of BIVV001 was three to four times as long as that of recombinant factor VIII (37.6 hours vs. 9.1 hours in the lower-dose group and 42.5 vs. 13.2 hours in the higher-dose group); the area under the curve (AUC) for product exposure was six to seven times as great in the two dose groups (4470 hours vs. 638 hours × IU per deciliter in the lower-dose group and 12,800 hours vs. 1960 hours × IU per deciliter in the higher-dose group). After the injection of BIVV001 in the higher-dose group, the mean factor VIII level was in the normal range (≥51%) for 4 days and 17% at day 7, which suggested the possibility of a weekly interval between treatments. CONCLUSIONS: In a small, early-phase study involving men with severe hemophilia A, a single intravenous injection of BIVV001 resulted in high sustained factor VIII activity levels, with a half-life that was up to four times the half-life associated with recombinant factor VIII, an increase that could signal a new class of factor VIII replacement therapy with a weekly treatment interval. No safety concerns were reported during the 28-day period after administration. (Funded by Sanofi and Sobi; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT03205163.).


Assuntos
Fator VIII/metabolismo , Hemofilia A/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Fator VIII/antagonistas & inibidores , Meia-Vida , Hemofilia A/metabolismo , Humanos , Injeções Intravenosas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estrutura Molecular , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/efeitos adversos , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/farmacocinética , Adulto Jovem
15.
Anticancer Res ; 40(9): 4885-4894, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878776

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the antitumor potential of guaiazulene-3-carboxylate derivatives against oral malignant cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve guaiazulene-3-carboxylate derivatives were synthesized by introduction of either with alkyl group [1-5], alkoxy group [6, 7], hydroxyl group [8, 9] or primary amine [10-12] at the end of sidechains. Tumor-specificity (TS) was calculated by the ratio of mean 50% cytotoxic concentration (CC50) against 3 human oral mesenchymal cell lines to that against 4 human oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cell lines. Potency-selectivity expression (PSE) was calculated by dividing TS value by CC50value against OSCC cell lines. Cell cycle analysis was performed by cell sorter. RESULTS: [6, 7] showed the highest TS and PSE values, and induced the accumulation of both subG1 and G2/M cell populations in HSC-2 OSCC cells. Quantitative structure-activity relationship analysis demonstrated that their tumor-specificity was correlated with chemical descriptors that explain the 3D shape, electric state and ionization potential. CONCLUSION: Alkoxyl guaiazulene-3-carboxylates [6, 7] can be potential candidates of lead compound for developing novel anticancer drugs.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Azulenos/química , Azulenos/farmacologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Bucais/tratamento farmacológico , Sesquiterpenos de Guaiano/química , Sesquiterpenos de Guaiano/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Azulenos/síntese química , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Relação Quantitativa Estrutura-Atividade , Sesquiterpenos de Guaiano/síntese química
16.
Anticancer Res ; 40(9): 4913-4919, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878779

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: A new class of imidazo[2,1-b][1,3,4]thiadiazole compounds have recently been evaluated as inhibitors of phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) in pancreatic cancer. FAK is overexpressed in mesothelioma and has recently emerged as an interesting target for the treatment of this disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten imidazo[2,1-b][1,3,4]thiadiazole compounds characterized by indole bicycle and a thiophene ring, were evaluated for their cytotoxic activity in two primary cell cultures of peritoneal mesothelioma, MesoII and STO cells. RESULTS: Compounds 1a and 1b showed promising antitumor activity with IC50 values in the range of 0.59 to 2.81 µM in both cell lines growing as monolayers or as spheroids. Their antiproliferative and antimigratory activity was associated with inhibition of phospho-FAK, as detected by a specific ELISA assay in STO cells. Interestingly, these compounds potentiated the antiproliferative activity of gemcitabine, and these results might be explained by the increase in the mRNA expression of the key gemcitabine transporter human equilibrative nucleoside transporter-1 (hENT-1). CONCLUSION: These promising results support further studies on new imidazo[2,1-b][1,3,4]thiadiazole compounds as well as on the role of both FAK and hENT-1 modulation in order to develop new drug combinations for peritoneal mesothelioma.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Transportador Equilibrativo 1 de Nucleosídeo/genética , Quinase 1 de Adesão Focal/metabolismo , Imidazóis/farmacologia , Tiadiazóis/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Desoxicitidina/farmacologia , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Imidazóis/síntese química , Imidazóis/química , Mesotelioma/tratamento farmacológico , Mesotelioma/patologia , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Peritoneais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Peritoneais/patologia , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Tiadiazóis/síntese química , Tiadiazóis/química , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
17.
Anticancer Res ; 40(9): 4921-4928, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878780

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Phenothiazines constitute a versatile family of compounds in terms of biological activity, which have also gained a considerable attention in cancer research. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three phenothiazines (promethazine, chlorpromazine and thioridazine) have been tested in combination with 11 active selenocompounds against MDR (ABCB1-overexpressing) mouse T-lymphoma cells to investigate their activity as combination chemotherapy and as antitumor adjuvants in vitro with a checkerboard combination assay. RESULTS: Seven selenocompounds showed toxicity on mouse embryonic fibroblasts, while three showed selectivity towards tumor cells. Two compounds showed synergism with all tested phenothiazines in low concentration ranges (1.46-11.25 µM). Thioridazine was the most potent among the three phenothiazines. CONCLUSION: Phenothiazines belonging to different generations showed different levels of adjuvant activities. All the tested phenothiazines are already approved medicines with known pharmacological and toxicity profiles, therefore, their use as adjuvants in cancer may be considered as a potential drug repurposing strategy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos Organosselênicos/farmacologia , Fenotiazinas/farmacologia , Subfamília B de Transportador de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos/genética , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Linfoma de Células T/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma de Células T/patologia , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Organosselênicos/síntese química , Compostos Organosselênicos/química , Fenotiazinas/síntese química , Fenotiazinas/química
18.
Anticancer Res ; 40(9): 4929-4935, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878781

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mutations in the isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) gene are frequently found in various cancer types. IDH1 mutants produce 2-hydroxyglutarate (2-HG), an oncometabolite, from alpha-ketoglutarate (α-KG). This 2-HG plays a key role in tumorigenesis via inhibition of α-KG dependent enzymes. For this reason, IDH1 mutant could be an ideal target for the treatment of cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To find a new IDH1 inhibitor, 8,364 compounds were obtained from Korea Chemical Bank. Using high-throughput screening (HTS) of a chemical library, we unveiled a compound that could inhibit the IDH1 mutant. RESULTS: According to the enzyme assay, our compound (KRC-09) effectively inhibited the activity of IDH1 R132H mutant. In addition, KRC-09 decreased the concentration of intracellular 2-HG in the U-87 MG cell line harboring IDH1 R132H. CONCLUSION: In this article, we present a novel chemical scaffold that suppresses the activity of an IDH1 mutant.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Isocitrato Desidrogenase/antagonistas & inibidores , Isocitrato Desidrogenase/genética , Antineoplásicos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Descoberta de Drogas , Glutaratos/metabolismo , Humanos , Isocitrato Desidrogenase/metabolismo , Estrutura Molecular , Mutação , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/química , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/farmacologia
19.
Anticancer Res ; 40(9): 4989-4999, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878787

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a cellular process that facilitates cancer metastasis. Therefore, therapeutic approaches that target EMT have garnered increasing attention. The present study aimed to examine the in vitro effects of ephemeranthol A on cell death, migration, and EMT of lung cancer cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ephemeranthol A was isolated from Dendrobium infundibulum. Non-small cell lung cancer cells H460 were treated with ephemeranthol A and apoptosis was evaluated by Hoechst 33342 staining. Anoikis resistance was determined by soft agar assay. Wound healing assay was performed to test the migration. The regulatory proteins of apoptosis and cell motility were determined by western blot. RESULTS: Treatment with ephemeranthol A resulted in a concentration-dependent cell apoptosis. At non-toxic concentrations, the compound could inhibit anchorage-independent growth of the cancer cells, as indicated by the decreased colony size and number. Ephemeranthol A also exhibited an inhibitory effect on migration. We further found that ephemeranthol A exerts its antimetastatic effects via inhibition of EMT, as indicated by the markedly decrease of N-cadherin, vimentin, and Slug. Furthermore, the compound suppressed the activation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and protein kinase B (Akt) proteins, which are key regulators of cell migration. As for the anticancer activity, ephemeranthol A induced apoptosis by decreasing Bcl-2 followed by the activation of caspase 3 and caspase 9. CONCLUSION: The pro-apoptotic and anti-migratory effects of ephemeranthol A on human lung cancer cells support its use for the development of novel anticancer therapies.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/efeitos dos fármacos , Quinase 1 de Adesão Focal/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Fenantrenos/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Dendrobium/química , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Estrutura Molecular , Fenantrenos/química
20.
Acta Crystallogr C Struct Chem ; 76(Pt 9): 874-882, 2020 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32887858

RESUMO

Five 2-aroyl-5-bromobenzo[b]furan-3-ol compounds (two of which are new) and four new 2-aroyl-5-iodobenzo[b]furan-3-ol compounds were synthesized starting from salicylic acid. The compounds were characterized by mass spectrometry and 1H NMR and 13C NMR spectroscopy. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies of four compounds, namely, (5-bromo-3-hydroxybenzofuran-2-yl)(4-fluorophenyl)methanone, C15H8BrFO3, (5-bromo-3-hydroxybenzofuran-2-yl)(4-chlorophenyl)methanone, C15H8BrClO3, (5-bromo-3-hydroxybenzofuran-2-yl)(4-bromophenyl)methanone, C15H8Br2O3, and (4-bromophenyl)(3-hydroxy-5-iodobenzofuran-2-yl)methanone, C15H8BrIO3, were also carried out. The compounds were tested for their in vitro cytotoxicity on the four human cancer cell lines KB, Hep-G2, Lu-1 and MCF7. Six compounds show good inhibiting abilities on Hep-G2 cells, with IC50 values of 1.39-8.03 µM.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/química , Benzofuranos/síntese química , Células Hep G2/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Benzofuranos/química , Cristalografia por Raios X , Humanos , Ligação de Hidrogênio , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Estrutura Molecular
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