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1.
Zootaxa ; 4890(3): zootaxa.4890.3.7, 2020 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311121

RESUMO

Aristotelia barriosi sp. nov. (Veraguas Province, Santa Fe NP), Agnippe tarakanovi sp. nov. (Herrera Province, Sarigua NP) and Chionodes sariguaensis sp. nov. (Herrera Province, Sarigua NP) are described from Panama. Adults and the genitalia of both sexes for all species and the habitats of two latter species are illustrated.


Assuntos
Lepidópteros , Mariposas , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais , Animais , Ecossistema , Feminino , Genitália , Masculino , Panamá
2.
Zootaxa ; 4890(3): zootaxa.4890.3.11, 2020 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311125

RESUMO

Rutaraphes Jaloszynski was proposed for an unusual species discovered on Shikoku, Japan. Rutaraphes shikokuensis Jaloszynski has a unique aedeagus, with an asymmetrical median lobe, lacking parameres, and the diaphragm to which the internal muscles are attached is situated not sub-medially, sub-basally, or basally, as in most genera of Stenichnini, but sub-apically, and nearly transverse in relation to the long axis of the aedeagus. It is here confirmed that this highly unusual structure was not a teratology in the sole known specimen, because the newly described Rutaraphes taiwanicus sp. n. shares similar genital structures. The new species occurs on northern Taiwan, and differs from R. shikokuensis in (among others) male modifications of the head. The new discovery extends the known range of Rutaraphes over 1500 km SW, suggesting that also the islands of the Ryukyus may be inhabited by this rare genus.


Assuntos
Besouros , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais , Animais , Tamanho Corporal , Masculino , Tamanho do Órgão , Taiwan
3.
Zootaxa ; 4881(1): zootaxa.4881.1.13, 2020 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311138

RESUMO

Tshurtshurnella sinopei sp. nov. is described after the specimens collected in Sinop, Western Black Sea Region of Turkey, in August 2017. External morphology including male and female genital structures of the new species are described and illustrated.


Assuntos
Hemípteros , Estruturas Animais , Animais , Feminino , Masculino , Turquia
4.
Zootaxa ; 4877(2): zootaxa.4877.2.7, 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311193

RESUMO

We describe a new species of diurnal gecko, Gonatodes castanae sp. nov. from the foothills of the Serranía de San Lucas, municipality of Norosí, Department of Bolívar, Colombia. The new species differs from all species in the genus by the combination of the following characters: moderate size, subcaudal scale pattern type B (1'1'1''), typically two rows of lateral scales on the digits, and aspects of color pattern in males (dorsum, flanks, limbs and tail with white ocelli on a black background) and females (dorsum, flanks, limbs and tail with brown to black reticulations and withe spots on a greenish-yellow background). The validity of the new species is also supported by molecular analyses. This species inhabits relicts of riverine forests at about 150 m above sea level (a.s.l.). Gonatodes castanae increases the number of known species in this genus to 34 and the species registered for Colombia to eight.


Assuntos
Lagartos , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais , Animais , Colômbia , Feminino , Florestas , Masculino
5.
Zootaxa ; 4885(1): zootaxa.4885.1.5, 2020 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311288

RESUMO

A new species belonging to the genus Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 is described from the Rangana Fort mountain range of the northern Western Ghats, Maharashtra, India. A preliminary 16S rRNA phylogeny of Indian Cnemaspis is provided and the phylogenetic position of the new species is established within the goaensis clade. The new species, Cnemaspis ranganaensis sp. nov. can easily be distinguished from all Indian congeners by having 3 or 4 spine-like tubercles on the flanks, conical tubercles absent on flank, dorsal pholidosis heterogeneous, presence of precloacal and femoral pores in males, 8 or 9 poreless scales between femoral and precloacal pores; gular scales flat, smooth; 93-101 paravertebral scales, 59-63 mid-dorsal scales; 93-101 longitudinal scales from mental to cloaca, 30-31 scales across belly; ventral scales smooth, imbricate; tail with small, granular, keeled, pointed, subimbricate scales intermixed with enlarged, strongly keeled, conical tubercles forming whorls; scales on ventral side of tail imbricate, smooth, with three rows of large, slightly elongated median subcaudals. The new species is closely related to C. goaensis, from which it differs by a genetic divergence of 1.9-3.0%. Molecular phylogenetic reconstruction supports the distinctiveness of the new species.


Assuntos
Lagartos , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais , Animais , Ecossistema , Índia , Masculino , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S
6.
Zootaxa ; 4881(3): zootaxa.4881.3.7, 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311305

RESUMO

Two new species of cave-adapted ground beetles are described and illustrated from Sichuan Province, southwestern China: Jujiroa zhouchaoi sp. nov. from the calcareous conglomerate cave Shenxian Dong in Mt. Zhaogong (Dujiangyan, Chengdu) and Pterostichus (Huaius) hanwang sp. nov. from the limestone cave Hanwang Dong (Chaotian, Guangyuan). A new locality for Jujiroa deliciola Uéno and Kishimoto, 2001 is given. Keys to species of the genus Jujiroa Uéno, 1952 and the subgenus Huaius Tian and Huang, 2019 (in Tian et al. 2019) are also provided.


Assuntos
Besouros , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais , Animais , Tamanho Corporal , China , Tamanho do Órgão
7.
Zootaxa ; 4881(3): zootaxa.4881.3.8, 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311306

RESUMO

The present paper deals with the revised description of some lesser known silent-slender crickets of Euscyrtinae (Orthoptera: Gryllidae) from the tropical hilly tracts of India. Besides, we describe a new species, Euscyrtus tubus sp. nov., and report the occurrence of Euscyrtodes ogatai (Shiraki, 1930) from India.


Assuntos
Gryllidae , Ortópteros , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais , Animais , Tamanho Corporal , Índia
8.
Zootaxa ; 4881(3): zootaxa.4881.3.10, 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311308

RESUMO

Over a half century ago, Stenichnus barnevillei (Reitter) was 'redescribed' by Herbert Franz based on misidentified specimens, in fact belonging to an undescribed species. A year later the misidentification was discovered, and the name Stenichnus goriciensis was proposed for this species. The holotype was rediscovered only recently, and as a result of comparative study, S. goriciensis is here placed as a junior synonym of S. styriacus. Characters that were used to differentiate these two species in previous literature are discussed and recognized as based on errors. Stenichnus styriacus is redescribed.


Assuntos
Besouros , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais , Animais , Tamanho Corporal , Tamanho do Órgão
9.
Zootaxa ; 4881(2): zootaxa.4881.2.5, 2020 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311316

RESUMO

Two species of the upogebiida mud shrimp genus Gebiacantha Ngoc-Ho, 1989, currently represented by 19 described species, are reported from the Ryukyu Islands, Japan. The first, G. acanthochela (Sakai, 1967), is redescribed in detail based on two female specimens from Amami Islands the second discovered since the original description, enabling better assessment of its diagnostic characters. The second, G. fortispinata n. sp., is described on the basis of a single female holotype from Okinawa Island. It appears closest to G. multispinosa Ngoc-Ho, 1994, known with certainty only from New Caledonia, but the proportionally narrower telson with a more deeply notched posterior margin and the distally unarmed pereopod 3 merus distinguish the new species from G. multispinosa. Three species of Gebiacantha, including G. sagamiensis Komai, 2017, are now known from Japanese waters.


Assuntos
Decápodes , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais , Animais , Feminino , Ilhas , Japão , Tamanho do Órgão
10.
Zootaxa ; 4869(3): zootaxa.4869.3.4, 2020 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311351

RESUMO

Two species of axiid shrimp are reported from sublittoral to upper bathyal waters around the Ogasawara Islands, Japan. The first, Bouvieraxius keiensis Sakai, 1992, is recorded from Japanese waters for the first time, although it is known widely from the southwestern Pacific to western Indian Ocean. Taxonomic problems of this taxon are pointed out. The second, Manaxius aurantiaca n. sp., is described based on a single female specimen from the Kaikata Seamount (at a depth of 299-335 m). It has rounded pleura of the pleomeres 2-5, and is notable in the lack of spines on the upper margin of the cheliped palms. In this regard, the new species closely resembles M. iro Poore, 2020. Differentiating characters between M. aurantiaca n. sp. and M. iro are discussed.


Assuntos
Decápodes , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais , Animais , Tamanho Corporal , Feminino , Ilhas , Japão , Tamanho do Órgão
11.
Zootaxa ; 4868(1): zootaxa.4868.1.9, 2020 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311414

RESUMO

The monotypic genus Paracyriothasastes Breuning, 1978 was established for Cereopsius marmoreus Pascoe, 1857 from Malaysia. Uraechoides Breuning, 1981 was established for Uraechoides vivesi Breuning, 1981 also from Malaysia, and is currently composed of the type species and U. taomeiae Hayashi, Nara Yu, 1995, the latter from China (Taiwan) (Tavakilian Chevillotte 2020).


Assuntos
Besouros , Estruturas Animais , Animais , Tamanho Corporal , Tamanho do Órgão
12.
Zootaxa ; 4894(2): zootaxa.4894.2.8, 2020 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311087

RESUMO

A new species and a key to 10 species of the genus Lemba Huang, 1983, namely Lemba wushanensis sp. nov. is described in this paper from China. The new species is similar to L. sichuanensis Ma et al, 1994, but differs from the latter by the length of tegmen 2.7 times width in male, length of interspace of mesosternum 3.5 times width in male, posterior margin of epiproct straight; ancorae of epiphallus not inward tilt and vertical diameter 1.8 times subocular furrow in female. The type specimens are deposited in the Northwest Plateau Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xining, China.


Assuntos
Gafanhotos , Ortópteros , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais , Animais , Tamanho Corporal , China , Feminino , Masculino , Tamanho do Órgão
13.
Zootaxa ; 4894(1): zootaxa.4894.1.1, 2020 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311090

RESUMO

Pleuroprion zur Strassen, 1903 is revised and restricted to its type species, Antares chuni zur Strassen, 1902, which is redescribed, using the type material from the German Deep-Sea Expedition in 1898-1899 and more recent material. Pleuroprion is transferred to Holidoteidae Wägele, 1989. Pleuroprion frigidum Hansen, 1916 is transferred to Astacilla Cordiner, 1793 (Arcturidae), while all other species previously placed in Pleuroprion, i.e. P. murdochi (Benedict, 1898), P. chlebovitschi Kussakin, 1972, P. fabulosum Gujanova, 1955, P. furcatum Kussakin, 1982, P. hystrix (Sars, 1877), P. intermedium (Richardson, 1899), P. iturupicum Kussakin Mezhov, 1979 and P. toporoki Kussakin, 1972, are transferred to Spectrarcturus Schultz, 1981 (Arcturidae). The type species of Spectrarcturus, S. multispinatus Schultz, 1981, is a subjective junior synonym of Arcturus murdochi Benedict, 1898, now S. murdochi comb. nov. Spectrarcturus murdochi (Benedict, 1898) is redescribed on the basis of its type material and new material from South Greenland.


Assuntos
Isópodes , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais , Animais , Expedições
14.
Zootaxa ; 4894(1): zootaxa.4894.1.8, 2020 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311097

RESUMO

Bannereus chani sp. nov. (Caridea: Alpheidae) is described based on a single female specimen collected off south-eastern Taiwan, at a depth of 301-356 m, being the second only species in the genus Bannereus Bruce, 1988. The ovigerous female holotype of the new species differs from the female holotype of B. anomalus Bruce 1988, the type species of the genus, by a series of important morphological characters, for instance, on the major cheliped and third pereiopod, strongly indicating that they represent two distinct species. The non-type male specimen tentatively identified as B. anomalus by Bruce (1988) may well belong to the new species, since it differs from the holotype of B. anomalus essentially by the same criteria as the female holotype of B. chani sp. nov. In addition, B. anomalus is newly recorded from the New Caledonian side of the Coral Sea.


Assuntos
Decápodes , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais , Animais , Masculino , Água
15.
Zootaxa ; 4861(3): zootaxa.4861.3.2, 2020 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311212

RESUMO

The present study is based on material collected in the intertidal and shallow subtidal areas of two Islands in the Persian Gulf, Abu-Musa and Larak. The new species, Synalpheus pentaspinosus n. sp., is closely related to S. quinquedens Tattersall, 1921. These two species share a very characteristic, sixth pleonite armed posteriorly with five stout sharp teeth, a feature unique within the genus. The color of ovaries or freshly laid eggs, red-orange in S. pentaspinosus n. sp. vs. green in S. quinquedens, is the most obvious character, by which the new species may be distinguished from S. quinquedens in the field. In addition, the two species can be separated by two characters on the dactylus of the minor cheliped. In the new species, the dactylus is furnished with two prominent rows of setae, one dorsally and one mesially, and has a small concavity on the cutting edge, contrasting to only one mesial row of setae and no obvious concavity in S. quinquedens.


Assuntos
Decápodes , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais , Animais , Oceano Índico
16.
Zootaxa ; 4861(2): zootaxa.4861.2.5, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311225

RESUMO

A new monotypic genus of ricaniid planthoppers (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Ricaniidae), Hagneia gen. nov., is described for Hagneia kallea sp. nov. (type species). Habitus, male and female external and internal genital structures of the new species are illustrated.


Assuntos
Hemípteros , Estruturas Animais , Animais , Feminino , Masculino , Vietnã
17.
Zootaxa ; 4890(1): zootaxa.4890.1.7, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311248

RESUMO

The phylogenetic tree of Chinese Trigonidiinae species was reconstructed based on one mitochondrial fragment (COI) and two nuclear ribosomal loci (18S and 28S). According to the concatenated trees, we define four genus groups with high nodal supports. The subgenus Paratrigonidium should be upgraded to genus status. A new genus Abstrigonidium He gen. nov. is established and Paratrigonidium chloropodum is selected as type species (A. chloropodum comb. nov.). Amusurgus (Paranaxipha) fujianensis is moved to genus Sectus as S. fujianensis comb. nov. A new species named as Emerasoma curvicerca He gen. et sp. nov. is reported. It differs from other genera by asymmetric genitalia, and lacking stridulatory files and mirror. The type specimens are deposited in Museum of Biology, East China Normal University (ECNU).


Assuntos
Gryllidae , Ortópteros , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais , Animais , Tamanho Corporal , China , Masculino , Tamanho do Órgão , Filogenia , Cauda
18.
Zootaxa ; 4877(1): zootaxa.4877.1.8, 2020 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311331

RESUMO

We describe a new snake of the genus Achalinus based on an adult female specimen from Ninh Binh Province, Vietnam. Achalinus tranganensis sp. nov. is differentiated from its congeners genetically and by a unique combination of the following characters: 1) maxillary teeth 29; 2) suture between the internasals distinctly longer than that between the prefrontals; 3) loreal distinctly wider than high, extending from the nasal to the eye; 4) dorsal scales in 25-23-23 rows, keeled; 5) two pairs of prefrontals; 6) supralabials six; 7) infralabials six; 8) temporals 2+3, the two anterior temporals in contact with eye; 9) ventrals 171; 10) subcaudals 73+, unpaired; 11) cloacal plate entire; 12) dorsum in preservative reddish to greyish brown above; 13) the lower part of head side and chin region somewhat paler than the dorsum; 14) venter greyish cream, with the anterior region of each ventral and subcaudal somewhat darker. Based on molecular comparisons using a fragment of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI), the new species differs from other members of the genus by at least 11.8%. This discovery increases the number of Achalinus species known from Vietnam to seven.


Assuntos
Lagartos , Serpentes , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais , Animais , Feminino , Filogenia , Vietnã
19.
Zootaxa ; 4877(1): zootaxa.4877.1.10, 2020 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311333

RESUMO

In this study, we describe one new species, Sichuana feicui He sp. nov., from Mao County, Sichuan Province, China. This new species is different from S. cryptospina in the shape of cercus, and the color pattern of hind femur. The type specimens are deposited in Museum of Biology, East China Normal University (ECNU).


Assuntos
Ortópteros , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais , Animais , Tamanho Corporal , China , Masculino , Tamanho do Órgão
20.
Zootaxa ; 4869(1): zootaxa.4869.1.5, 2020 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311373

RESUMO

A new genus (Mirigryllus He gen. nov.) with a new species (M. nigrus He sp. nov.) is reported from Zhejiang, China. The morphology and calling songs of the new species are provided. The features that different from tribe Modicogryllini spp. include long and thin posterior epiphallic lobes, ectoparameron transparent. Two genes, COI and 18S, of 11 Modicogryllini species were sequenced, and phylogenetic tree was reconstructed. The results support the validation of the new species. The type specimens are deposited in Museum of Biology, East China Normal University (ECNU).


Assuntos
Gryllidae , Ortópteros , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais , Animais , Tamanho Corporal , China , Masculino , Tamanho do Órgão , Filogenia
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