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1.
Mar Environ Res ; 169: 105404, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34225218

RESUMO

The increase in frequency and intensity of extreme climate events over the last few decades has been leading to profound changes in estuarine and marine ecosystems worldwide, with strong implications for the species inhabiting these ecosystems as well as for the services provided by them. In this study, we analysed the effects of climate variability on the temporal and spatial variations in population dynamics of the green crab Carcinus maenas in the Mondego estuary (Portugal), between 2003 and 2018. In this 15-year period, a greater recruitment of C. maenas was observed during drought periods, periods which was matched by an increase in secondary production. Ontogenic stage segregation was also observed, with juveniles being found mainly in the further upriver areas of the estuary. The estuarine population was mainly composed of the green morphotype, with the orange and red morphotypes present in more downstream areas of the estuary. Redundancy analysis (RDA) showed high spatial and temporal variability of C. maenas in the estuary which was related with environmental changes over the 15-year period. A correlation between C. maenas biological features and several local-scale (salinity and river runoff) and large-scale (North Atlantic Oscillation index and Eastern Atlantic pattern) environmental variables was identified through cumulative sums analysis (CUSUM), indicating a strong environmental control on C. maenas population dynamics. This paper shows the importance of relatively long-term datasets to unravel the effects of extreme weather events due to climate change on key epibenthic estuarine species, and also how they might cope with a changing marine environment.


Assuntos
Braquiúros , Animais , Ecossistema , Estuários , Portugal , Rios
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34204175

RESUMO

In recent years, problems such as water quality deterioration, saltwater invasion, and low oxygen have appeared in estuaries all over the world. The Minjiang River in Fujian, as a typical tidal estuary area, is facing these thorny problems. In this paper, the effects of topography and hydrologic evolution on the water age and water quality of the lower reaches of the Minjiang River were simulated by building a hydrodynamic and water quality model. The results show that: (1) It was found that the riverbed incision of the lower reaches of the Minjiang River led to the overall decline of river water level, the increase of river volume, and the increase of downstream water age, which eventually led to the decrease of dissolved oxygen (DO) and the deterioration of water quality in the downstream from Shuikou to Baiyantan. However, the decline of topography led to the increase of tidal volume in the estuary, the enhancement of the dilution effect of oxygen-rich water bodies in the open sea, and the increase of DO in the lower reaches of Baiyantan. (2) Under no tidal action, the concentration of pollutants in the water of the North Channel increased, the DO decreased, and the DO decreased from Baiyantan to the offshore water. After the enhancement of tidal action, the dilution of oxygen-enriched water from the offshore water increased, and the DO increased. (3) The hydrological and water quality characteristics of the upper part of the lower reaches of the Minjiang River were mainly controlled by topography, runoff, and pollutant discharge, which were more affected by the tidal current transport operation and pollutant discharge near the open sea. In recent decades, the deterioration of water quality and the aggravation of saltwater intrusion in the Minjiang River were closely related to the serious topographic downcutting. The results provide a scientific basis for revealing the deterioration of estuary water quality and long-term management of the estuary.


Assuntos
Estuários , Qualidade da Água , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Rios , Água
3.
Environ Pollut ; 284: 117533, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34261227

RESUMO

The Pearl River Estuary (PRE) is the largest estuary in southern China and under high metal stress. In the present study, we employed an integrated method of transcriptomics and proteomics to investigate the ecotoxicological effects of trace metals on the Hong Kong oyster Crassostrea hongkongensis. Three oyster populations with distinct spatial distributions of metals were sampled, including the Control (Station QA, the lowest metal levels), the High Cd (Station JZ, the highest Cd), and the High Zn-Cu-Cr-Ni (Station LFS, with the highest levels of zinc, copper, chromium, and nickel). Dominant metals in oysters were differentiated by principal component analysis (PCA), and theirgene and protein profiles were studied using RNA-seq and iTRAQ techniques. Of the 2250 proteins identified at both protein and RNA levels, 70 proteins exhibited differential expressions in response to metal stress in oysters from the two contaminated stations. There were 8 proteins altered at both stations, with the potential effects on mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum by Ag. The genotoxicity, including impaired DNA replication and transcription, was specifically observed in the High Cd oysters with the dominating influence of Cd. The structural components (cytoskeleton and chromosome-associated proteins) were impaired by the over-accumulated Cu, Zn, Cr, and Ni at Station LFS. However, enhanced tRNA biogenesis and exosome activity might help the oysters to alleviate the toxicities resulting from their exposure to these metals. Our study provided comprehensive information on the molecular changes in oysters at both protein and RNA levels in responding to multi-levels of trace metal stress.


Assuntos
Crassostrea , Metais Pesados , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Estuários , Hong Kong , Metais Pesados/análise , Metais Pesados/toxicidade , Proteômica , Transcriptoma , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
4.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(13)2021 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34201965

RESUMO

Operational coarse-resolution satellite thermal sensors designed for global oceans are often insufficient for evaluating surface temperature of small water bodies. Here, the quality of the thermal data, collected by the ECOsystem Spaceborne Thermal Radiometer Experiment on Space Station (ECOSTRESS), over several South Florida estuaries, Chesapeake Bay, and Lake Okeechobee is evaluated using both in situ and Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Sea Surface Temperature (SST) data. Overall, for SST between ~6 and ~32 °C, ECOSTRESS LST (Land Surface Temperature, used as a surrogate for SST in this study) appears to be slightly underestimated, with the underestimation being more severe at night (-1.13 °C) than during the day (-0.64 °C), in spring and summer (-1.25 ± 1.39 °C) than in autumn and winter (-0.57 ± 0.98 °C), and after May 2019 when two of the five bands failed. The root-mean-square uncertainties of ECOSTRESS SST are generally within 1-2 °C. Spatial analysis further suggests that ECOSTRESS SST covers waters closer to shore and reveals more spatial features than MODIS, with comparable image noise. From these observations, after proper georeferencing and empirical correction of the negative bias, ECOSTRESS SST may be used to evaluate the thermal environments of small water bodies, thus filling gaps in the coarse-resolution satellite data.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Estuários , Monitoramento Ambiental , Florida , Oceanos e Mares
5.
Sci Total Environ ; 788: 147797, 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34134375

RESUMO

The estuary of Río de la Plata, in the eastern coast of South America, is a highly anthropized area that brings a high load of contaminants to the surrounding waters, which may have detrimental effects on the local marine fauna. The franciscana dolphin (Pontoporia blainvillei) is a small cetacean species endemic of the southwestern Atlantic Ocean listed as Vulnerable in the IUCN red list. In this study, we assessed the concentrations of 13 trace elements in bone samples from 100 franciscana dolphins that were found stranded dead or incidentally bycaught in the Río de la Plata and adjacent coast between 1953 and 2015. Elements were, in decreasing order of mean concentrations: Zn > Sr > Fe > Al > Mn > Cu > Pb > Cr > Ni > As > Hg > Cd > Se. The concentrations of Al, Cr and Fe were slightly higher in females than in males. The concentrations of As, Ni, and Pb significantly decreased with body length. Throughout the study period, the concentrations of Al, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn and Ni significantly increased, while the concentrations of As, Pb and Sr significantly decreased. The increasing trends may be due to increased inputs from river discharges, the leather industry and petroleum refineries, while the decrease in Pb may be due to the ban in the use of this element as an additive in gasoline and as component of car batteries. This investigation supports the validity of analysing trace element in bone, a tissue available in scientific collections and museums, to retrospectively examine variation over long temporal scales and thus assess long-term trends in pollution.


Assuntos
Golfinhos , Oligoelementos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Oceano Atlântico , Monitoramento Ambiental , Estuários , Feminino , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , América do Sul , Oligoelementos/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
6.
Sci Total Environ ; 788: 147782, 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34134386

RESUMO

Mangrove ecosystems are an important component of "blue carbon". However, it is not clear whether the stems play roles in the CH4 budget of mangrove ecosystems. This study investigated the CH4 emission from mangrove stems and its potential driving factors. We set up six sample plots in the Zhangjiang Estuary National Mangrove Nature Reserve, where Kandelia obovata, Avicennia marina and Aegiceras corniculata are the main mangrove tree species. Soil properties such as total carbon content, redox potential and salinity were determined in each plot. The dynamic chamber method was used to measure mangrove stems and soil CH4 fluxes. Combined field survey results with Principal Component Analysis (PCA) of soil properties, we divided the six plots into two sites (S1 and S2) to perform statistical analyses of stem CH4 fluxes. Then the CH4 fluxes from mangrove tree stems and soil were further scaled up to the ecosystem level through the mapping model. Under different backgrounds of soil properties, salinity and microbial biomass carbon were the main factors modified soil CH4 fluxes in the two sites, and further affected the stem CH4 fluxes of mangroves. The soil of both sites are sources of CH4, and the soil CH4 emission of S2 was about twice higher than that of S1. Results of upscaling model showed that mangrove stems in S1 were CH4 sinks with -105.65 g d-1. But stems in S2 were CH4 sources around 1448.24 g d-1. Taken together, our results suggested that CH4 emission from mangrove soils closely depends on soils properties. And mangrove stems were found to act as both CH4 sources and CH4 sinks depend on soil CH4 production. Therefore, when calculating the CH4 budget of the mangrove ecosystem, the contribution of mangrove plant stems cannot be ignored.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Metano , China , Estuários , Metano/análise , Caules de Planta/química , Solo , Áreas Alagadas
7.
Zootaxa ; 4990(3): 454-468, 2021 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34186749

RESUMO

Two species of the calanoid copepod genus Bestiolina occurred in estuarine/coastal waters of the Nansei Islands, southernmost Japan. One of them is described herein as Bestiolina okinawae sp. nov., which is distinguished from known congeners by a combination of the following characteristics: 1) fifth pedigerous somite bearing groups of tiny spinules on the posterior end, 2) female mandible bearing a rod-shaped first gnathal tooth, 3) male left leg 5 with short apical spine on long terminal segment, and 4) legs 23 with endopodal segment 2 lacking spinules. The new species was the dominant zooplankter in oligohaline waters. The other species is morphologically identifiable to Bestiolina similis (Sewell, 1914). Genetic analysis using COI revealed that the two species differed by 9.910.0%, in contrast to small intra-specific genetic variation (0.01.5%). The two species were spatially segregated in low-salinity (230) estuaries and high-salinity (2536) coastal waters, respectively, but co-occurred in some samples. Their body length decreased from the winter (around 20°C) to the summer (around 30°C) by 9.518.1%, depending on the species and sex. In both species, adult males, which lack mandibular gnathobase, were larger than the adult females.


Assuntos
Copépodes/anatomia & histologia , Copépodes/classificação , Animais , Estuários , Feminino , Ilhas , Japão , Masculino , Estações do Ano
8.
Sci Total Environ ; 783: 147021, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34088124

RESUMO

We screened for the presence of 66 different pharmaceutical residues in surface waters and in multiple invertebrate and fish species of the Tejo estuary to produce an environmental risk assessment of individual pharmaceuticals and their mixtures, as well as evaluate the bioaccumulation of pharmaceuticals in one of Europe's largest estuarine systems. Sixteen pharmaceutical residues, from seven therapeutic classes, were detected in estuarine waters, with environmental mixture concentrations ranging from 42 to 1762 ng/L. Environmental risk assessment via the determination of risk quotients, demonstrated high ecological risk for the antibiotic amoxicillin and angiotensin II receptor blockers irbesartan and losartan. Moderate risk was estimated for antidepressants, antiepileptics, anxiolytics and beta-blockers, but the risk quotient of the accumulated mixture of compounds was over 380-fold higher than the no risk threshold, driven by antibiotics and angiotensin II receptor blockers. In biota, higher risk therapeutic groups were found in higher concentrations, with nine pharmaceutical residues detected, including six antibiotics and two neuroactive compounds, and maximum tissue concentrations up to 250 µg/kg. Bioaccumulation was species- and compound-specific, with only two compounds found simultaneously in water and biota, likely a result of the complex dynamics and fate of pharmaceuticals in estuarine waters. Nonetheless, higher detection frequencies were observed in species living directly on or just above the substrate (i.e. benthic and demersal species), underpinning the importance of habitat use, as well the potential role of sediment and diet based routes for pharmaceutical uptake. Ultimately, results support urgent action on managing the impact of pharmaceuticals in coastal environments, striving for improved monitoring schemes tailored to the dynamic nature and ecological diversity of estuaries and coastal ecosystems.


Assuntos
Preparações Farmacêuticas , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Bioacumulação , Ecossistema , Monitoramento Ambiental , Estuários , Medição de Risco , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
9.
Environ Monit Assess ; 193(7): 415, 2021 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34117931

RESUMO

The seasonal variability of the lateral flux of total alkalinity (TAlk) and dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) of the tropical Hooghly estuary is analyzed in this work. In situ observations of water temperature, salinity, dissolved oxygen, TAlk, and pH were measured in four different stations of the Hooghly estuary. It was measured once every month during 2015-2016, and subsequently, DIC was estimated. A carbon budget was constructed to quantify carbon flows through the freshwater-marine continuum of the Hooghly estuary, and plausible impacts on the adjacent coastal ocean, the northern Bay of Bengal, were examined. The biogeochemical mass balance box model was used to compute the seasonal flow of carbon flux, and subsequently, the annual budgeting of lateral fluxes of TAlk and DIC to the adjacent coastal ocean was carried out. The net annual TAlk and DIC flux from the Hooghly estuary to the adjacent coastal ocean were 4.45 ± 1.90 × 1011 mol and 4.59 ± 1.70 × 1011 mol, respectively. The net annual DIC flux of the Hooghly estuary is about 30 to 60 times higher than surface area integrated air-water CO2 flux, which is an indication of promoting acidification in the adjacent coastal ocean. The present study indicates that the lateral DIC flux has increased substantially in the Hooghly estuary during the last two decades. The increase in inorganic carbon load in the Hooghly estuary due to the enhanced discharge of inorganic and organic matter load in the upper reaches of the estuary led to this increase in lateral DIC flux. The results strongly establish the need of having such regional studies for better understanding the estuarine carbon dynamics, and its role in controlling the adjacent coastal ocean dynamics.


Assuntos
Carbono , Rios , Baías , Carbono/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental , Estuários
10.
Water Res ; 200: 117294, 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34102388

RESUMO

Drainages in the Pearl River Delta urban agglomeration (PRDUA) host vital aquatic ecosystems and face enormous pressures from human activities in one of the largest urban agglomerations in the world. Despite being crucial components of aquatic ecosystems, the interactions and assembly processes of the protistan community are rarely explored in areas with serious anthropogenic disturbance. To elucidate the mechanisms of these processes, we used environmental DNA sequencing of 18S rDNA to investigate the influence of environmental factors and species interactions on the protistan community and its assembly in drainages of the PRDUA during summer. The protistan community showed a high level of diversity and a marked spatial pattern in this region. Community assembly was driven primarily by stochastic processes based on the Sloan neutral community model, explaining 74.28%, 75.82%, 73.67%, 74.40% and 51.24% of community variations in the BJ (Beijiang), XJ (Xijiang), PRD (Pearl River Delta), PRE (Pearl River Estuary) areas and in total, respectively. Meanwhile, environmental variables including temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen, transparency, nutrients and land use were strongly correlated with the composition and assembly of the protistan community, explaining 40.40% of variation in the protistan community. Furthermore, the bacterial community was simultaneously analysed by the 16S rDNA sequencing. Co-occurrence network analysis revealed that species interactions within bacteria (81.41% positive) or protists (82.80% positive), and those between bacteria and protists (50% positive and 50% negative) impacted the protistan community assembly. In summary, stochastic processes dominated, whereas species interactions and environmental factors also played important roles in shaping the protistan communities in drainages across the PRDUA. This study provides insights into the ecological patterns, assembly processes and species interactions underlying protistan dynamics in urban aquatic ecosystems experiencing serious anthropogenic disturbance.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Rios , Bactérias/genética , China , Estuários , Eucariotos/genética , Humanos
11.
Chemosphere ; 280: 130951, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34162112

RESUMO

This study provides baseline concentrations of major, trace, and rare earth elements (REEs) in the solid and solution phases of the tropical Cai River estuary under influence of multiple stresses. The application of the selected multivariate analysis tools (principal component analysis and redundancy analysis) to the enrichment factor and partitioning coefficients (KSPM/Water and KSPM/Sed) calculated from the bulk element contents highlighted the strongest relationships (considered as multi-element signatures) according to the efficiency of the transfer across the estuarine gradients (considered as a selective geochemical filter). Thus, most of the major and trace elements, and REEs studied mainly settle within the mixing zone due to the association with terrigenous aluminosilicate clay minerals, whereas Co, Ni, Cu, As, and Mo are transferred seaward because of their association with the most labile fraction of the fluvial particulate load (such as clays, organic colloids, and carbonates). The major and trace elements, and REEs investigated in this study are mainly introduced in the Cai River and its estuary via basement rock weathering under enhanced monsoonal precipitation, whereas Bi showed the most severe enrichment in the non-weathering distribution pattern. The fractionation of the fluvial element load within the estuarine geochemical filter is mainly controlled by the differential settling of fluvial mineral element-bearing phases along with estuarine colloid dynamics - a topic that must warrants further investigation.


Assuntos
Oligoelementos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Monitoramento Ambiental , Estuários , Sedimentos Geológicos , Rios , Oligoelementos/análise , Vietnã , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
12.
Chemosphere ; 280: 130800, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34162121

RESUMO

Microplastics exist widely in water environment. The microplastic distribution in sediments can better reflect the long-term microplastic pollution, especially the vertical distribution. However, the vertical microplastic distribution in sediments is diverse and unclear. This paper is the first study on vertical microplastic distribution in estuary sediment of Fuhe River, the main upstream river flowing to Baiyangdian Wetland in the northern China. The typical feature of Fuhe River is that the effluent of municipal wastewater treatment plants is its main water source. Microplastics in 15 sampling sites and different depths (0-50 cm) were examined. Results showed that the microplastic content decreased with the increase of sediment depth, and the highest content was 1049 ± 462 items/kg in the topmost sediment layer (0-5 cm). The particle size of microplastics was smaller in deeper sediment layers. The proportion of colored microplastics in deeper sediment layers was larger than that in shallower layers. Polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP) were the main plastic polymer types in all sediment samples. The spatial distribution characteristics of microplastics in sediments were closely related to human activities, and the microplastic content was higher in the areas with more intense human activities. This study is helpful to understand the detailed distribution characteristics of microplastics in typical rivers in the northern China, and can provide guidance for reducing microplastic pollution.


Assuntos
Microplásticos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Estuários , Sedimentos Geológicos , Humanos , Plásticos , Rios , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Áreas Alagadas
13.
Chemosphere ; 275: 130029, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33984897

RESUMO

Chile is a major global producer of farmed salmon in the fjords of Patagonia, and therefore a major consumer of antibiotics. We tested whether the antibiotics florfenicol and flumequine persisted in the large Puyuhuapi Fjord after the six months following mandatory concerted treatment by all salmon farms present in the fjord. Antibiotics were detected in 26% of analyzed samples, but only within the particulate phase, with concentrations of florfenicol of up to 23.1 ng L-1, where detected. Flumequine was present in one sample at trace concentration, and neither antibiotic was detected in the dissolved phase nor in surface sediments. A fugacity-based model predicted that flumequine should theoretically remain in surface sediments at the sub-Minimal Inhibiting Concentrations (sub-MIC) previously shown to promote selection for antibiotic resistance in bacteria. Our observations suggest that surface sediments might act as a reservoir for antibiotic resistomes of bacteria, and that bacteria bearing antibiotic resistance genes could eventually become a risk for human health through the consumption of marine products.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Estuários , Animais , Chile , Fluoroquinolonas , Sedimentos Geológicos , Humanos , Tianfenicol/análogos & derivados , Água
14.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(5): 1863-1872, 2021 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34042383

RESUMO

Microbial mineralization of organic phosphorus is an important component of marine phosphorus cycle. The research on organic phosphate-mineralizing bacteria (OPB) is helpful to reveal microbial driving mechanism of organic phosphorus mineralization in eutrophic sea area. The diversity and community characteristics of OPB were examined by Illumina high-throughput sequencing using the primer sets phoX in the sea area between Minjiang Estuary to Pingtan in April (spring) and July (summer) 2019. The results showed that the Shannon index of OPB in the surface seawater samples ranged from 3.21 to 7.91, and that the diversity at each station was greater in spring than that in summer. Shannon index of OPB in the sediment samples ranged from 2.04 to 8.70, which was greater in summer than that in spring. Shannon index of OPB in surface seawater of each station was higher than that of sediment in spring, while it was in adverse in summer. Nine phyla of OPB were detected in surface seawater, with Proteobacteria and Cyanobacteria being the most abundant. Tweleve phyla of OPB were detected in the sediments, with Proteobacteria and Bacteroidetes being the most dominant. OPB community composition at the genus level showed obvious spatio-temporal variation. Leisingera, Phaeobacter, Thalassococcus, and Pseudomonas were the major genera in the seawater in spring, while Synechococcus, Halioglobus, Roseovarius, Phaeo-bacter, Sulfitobacter, and Hyphomonas were the major genera detected in summer. Leisingera, Phaeobacter, Vibrio, and Sulfitobacter were major genera in the sediment in spring, while Azospirillum, Aminobacter, Sulfurifustis, Burkholderia, and Thiohalobacter were the major genera in summer. A large number of unclassified OPB were detected in both surface seawater and sediment. The redundancy analysis results showed that dissolved oxygen, water temperature, pH, dissolved inorganic nitrogen, NO2--N, and NO3--N had great influences on community distribution of OPB in the surface seawater. The abundant OPB in the surface seawater and sediment might play an important role in phosphorus cycle in this sea area.


Assuntos
Estuários , Sedimentos Geológicos , China , Organofosfatos , Fósforo/análise , Água do Mar
15.
Environ Sci Technol ; 55(10): 6783-6790, 2021 05 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33945265

RESUMO

River delta-front estuaries (DEs) are vital interfaces for fluxes between terrestrial and marine environments. However, deep uncertainty exists in estimating the sedimentary pollutant flux from terrestrial environments in DEs due, in part, to a lack of direct measurements in these dynamic and complicated regions and uncertainty in the calculation method. Due to its high sediment content, the Yellow River (YR) has a strong ability to adsorb phosphorus; therefore, it reliably reflects estuarine sedimentary processes. Here, through the comprehensive analysis of field samples, monitoring data and remote sensing images, we conclude that riverine fine particles control the deltaic estuary pollution status and that particle size is the key factor. Based on the stable relationships between phosphorus and heavy metals, with r2 values of 0.990, 0.992, and 0.639 for As, Cd, and Cr, respectively, we estimated that the P flux reached 22.68 g/m2 yr in 2017. Analysis of the YR high-silt sediment load, which has a strong phosphorus adsorption ability and constitutes a substantial fraction of global fluvial sediment transport, revealed a negative correlation between the riverine sediment load and the estuarine phosphorus flux.


Assuntos
Rios , Poluentes Químicos da Água , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Estuários , Sedimentos Geológicos , Fósforo/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
16.
Sci Total Environ ; 786: 147466, 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33984707

RESUMO

Widespread accumulation and distribution of microplastics at the sea surface raise concerns as the habitat is a feeding ground for zooplankton. As primary consumers, these organisms are closely connected to microplastic input in the marine food chain. Little comparative information currently exists about this problem in estuary and offshore systems. This study investigates microplastic distribution in the surface water and the potential ingestion of microplastics in selected taxonomic groups of zooplankton from the Terengganu Estuary to offshore waters, Malaysia. In the surface water, three types of microplastics were found (fibres, fragments and pellets). Fibres made up the highest percentage, comprising 80.8% and 73.8% of microplastics in offshore waters and estuaries, respectively. The highest total density of microplastics was found in the Terengganu Estuary (545.8 particles m-3). Microplastics sampled from the offshore waters were identified as polyamide, polyethylene, and polypropylene, which possibly originated from secondary microplastic sources. Two types of microplastics were detected in zooplankton: fibres and fragments. Fibres were the most commonly ingested microplastic type in zooplankton collected from offshore waters (94%) and estuaries (77.7%). The average sizes of ingested fibres and fragments were 361.7 ± 226.8 µm and 96.8 ± 28.1 µm, respectively, with a wider range of sizes ingested observed in offshore waters than in estuaries. The concentration of microplastics in seven zooplankton groups varied from 0.01 ± 0.002 particles ind.-1 (Harpacticoida) to 0.2 ± 0.14 particles ind.-1 (Aphragmophora). Notwithstanding the conformity of our results (increased anthropogenic activities led to greater plastic pollution within the estuary), no significant correlation was observed between the levels of microplastic ingestion and microplastic concentration in the surface water within both areas. Our results provide an important baseline reference on microplastic pollution from estuary to offshore waters, as well as proving that zooplankton act as a repository for microplastic in the marine ecosystem.


Assuntos
Microplásticos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Ecossistema , Monitoramento Ambiental , Estuários , Malásia , Plásticos , Água do Mar , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Zooplâncton
17.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 168: 112383, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33940367

RESUMO

We investigated a sediment core collected from the Geum Estuary through sedimentological and geochemical analyses. Three lithological units were classified based on sedimentological characteristics. Unit 1 and Unit 3 were geochemically distinct, while Unit 2 was the transitional phase between them. The geochemical results suggest that the contribution of terrestrial organic carbon (OC) to the sedimentary OC pool in the coarse-grained Unit 1 was lesser than that of fine-grained Unit 3. The excess activity (210Pbex) and the sedimentation rate indicate that Unit 1 corresponded to 1977 Common Era (CE). Since the first dam construction on the Geum River began in 1975 CE, the deposition of Unit 1 in the Geum Estuary is likely associated with river impoundments, which reduce the delivery of fine-grained sediment and terrestrial OC to the estuary. This study highlights the role of river impoundments in altering the sedimentary OC and thus the sedimentary environment in the estuary.


Assuntos
Estuários , Geum , Monitoramento Ambiental , Sedimentos Geológicos , República da Coreia , Rios
18.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 168: 112433, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33962084

RESUMO

The heavy metal contents (Cr, Cu, Zn, Cd, Pb, Hg, and As) of 88 surface sediment samples from the western Sunda Shelf were analyzed to determine their spatial distribution patterns and contamination status. The results demonstrated that high enrichment regions of heavy metals were focused in the Kelantan, Pahang, and Ambat river estuaries, and deep water regions of the study area. These high enrichment regions were mainly controlled by riverine inputs and their hydrodynamic conditions. The enrichment factor (EF), geoaccumulation index (Igeo), and potential ecological risk index (PERI) were used to assess heavy metal accumulation. The results indicated that the study area was not significantly contaminated overall at the time of the study; however, Cd, As, and Hg were at levels corresponding to moderate contamination at many stations located in the Pahang River estuary, Kelantan River estuary, and north-eastern region of the study area, primarily because of anthropogenic activities.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Poluentes Químicos da Água , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Estuários , Sedimentos Geológicos , Metais Pesados/análise , Medição de Risco , Rios , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
19.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 168: 112429, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33962087

RESUMO

Studding the behaviour and danger of nanoparticles (NPs, minerals and amorphous phases) in the estuarine ecosystem is presently incomplete by the lack of measureable description of NPs in the ecological conditions, such as suspended-sediments (SS). In the last years, several works have revealed the toxic consequences of ultra-fine and nanoparticulate compounds on diverse systems, raising apprehensions over the nanocontaminants behaviour and destiny in the numerous ecological partitions. The general objective of the manuscript is to explain the geochemical conditions of the LES (Laguna estuarine system, southern Brazil) suspended sediments covering an area around the main South American coal plant, enhancing the creation of future public policies for environmental recovery projects. Subsequently the discharge of nanoparticles and toxic element (TE) in the ecosystem, NPs react with several constituents of the nature and suffers active alteration progressions. Contamination coming from engineering actions, wastewater, are something identifiable, however when these contaminations are accompanied by other contamination sources (e.g. mining and farming) the work gets defaulted. By combining material about the concentration of TE contaminants and NPs occurrences, this work offers novel visions into contaminant contact and the possible effects of such exposure on estuarine systems in Brazil. The results presented here will be useful for different areas of estuaries around the world.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Brasil , Ecossistema , Monitoramento Ambiental , Estuários , Sedimentos Geológicos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
20.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 168: 112440, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33971455

RESUMO

The nitrogen (N) loss processes have not been well examined in subterranean estuaries (STEs) between land and sea. We utilized a 15N isotope tracer method, q-PCR, and high-throughput sequencing to reveal the activities, abundances, and community compositions of N loss communities in a STE in Gloucester Point, Virginia, US. The highest activities, abundances and diversity of denitrifiers and anammox bacteria were detected at 50-60 cm depth in the aerobic-anaerobic transition zone (AATZ) characterized by sharp redox gradients. nirS-denitrifiers and anammox bacteria were affiliated to 10 different clusters and three genera, respectively. Denitrification and anammox played equal roles with an estimated N loss of 13.15 mmol N m-3 day-1. A positive correlation between ammonia oxidizing prokaryote abundances and DO as well as NOx- suggested that nitrification produces NOx- which supports the hotspot of denitrification and anammox within the AATZ. Overall, these results highlight the roles of N loss communities in STEs.


Assuntos
Nitrificação , Nitrogênio , Reatores Biológicos , Desnitrificação , Estuários , Oxirredução , Virginia
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