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1.
Front Public Health ; 9: 580561, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33732672

RESUMO

Aim: This study aimed to assess anxiety and depression among health sciences students at home quarantine during the COVID-19 pandemic in selected provinces of Nepal. Methods: A web-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 409 health science students enrolled at graduate and post-graduate levels in selected universities and their affiliated colleges. Students from selected colleges were asked to fill out a survey, that was made available through email and social media outlets such as Facebook and Viber. The data were downloaded in Excel and imported to SPSS version 16 for analysis. Results : The prevalence of anxiety and depression was 15.7 and 10.7%, respectively. The study showed significant associations between (i) place of province and anxiety; (ii) sleep per day and depression; (iii) hours spent on the internet per day for education and depression; (iv) postponement of final exams and depression. There were no significant associations with the socio-demographic variables. Conclusion: Anxiety and depression in health science students showed correlation with the province, internet use for education, and postponement of exams. These correlations could be common among students in other fields as well. A large-scale study covering a wider geographical area and various fields of education is necessary to further evaluate the impact of COVID-19 on (health sciences) students. The integration of mental health programs both as an intervention and a curriculum level among students is critical to ensure the health of the students.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde/psicologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Educação a Distância , Feminino , Humanos , Internet , Masculino , Nepal/epidemiologia , Quarentena/psicologia , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades
2.
Compr Child Adolesc Nurs ; 44(1): 6-14, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33667153

RESUMO

The declaration of a global pandemic in March 2020 resulted in all higher education institutions having to quickly transform traditional didactic teaching and learning to online delivery. This involved delivering lectures and seminars virtually, and student contact time in University ceased immediately. Although many Universities had existing resources such as Blackboard® and Microsoft Teams® in place to assist with this delivery, the facilitation of clinical skills and simulation would prove to be more of a challenge. This paper explores how one University adapted and utilized innovative ways to provide students with virtual learning experiences, specifically in relation to the facilitation of clinical skills and simulation.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Competência Clínica/normas , Educação a Distância/métodos , Tecnologia Educacional/métodos , Simulação de Paciente , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos
4.
Med Teach ; 43(3): 253-271, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33496628

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 has fundamentally altered how education is delivered. Gordon et al. previously conducted a review of medical education developments in response to COVID-19; however, the field has rapidly evolved in the ensuing months. This scoping review aims to map the extent, range and nature of subsequent developments, summarizing the expanding evidence base and identifying areas for future research. METHODS: The authors followed the five stages of a scoping review outlined by Arskey and O'Malley. Four online databases and MedEdPublish were searched. Two authors independently screened titles, abstracts and full texts. Included articles described developments in medical education deployed in response to COVID-19 and reported outcomes. Data extraction was completed by two authors and synthesized into a variety of maps and charts. RESULTS: One hundred twenty-seven articles were included: 104 were from North America, Asia and Europe; 51 were undergraduate, 41 graduate, 22 continuing medical education, and 13 mixed; 35 were implemented by universities, 75 by academic hospitals, and 17 by organizations or collaborations. The focus of developments included pivoting to online learning (n = 58), simulation (n = 24), assessment (n = 11), well-being (n = 8), telehealth (n = 5), clinical service reconfigurations (n = 4), interviews (n = 4), service provision (n = 2), faculty development (n = 2) and other (n = 9). The most common Kirkpatrick outcome reported was Level 1, however, a number of studies reported 2a or 2b. A few described Levels 3, 4a, 4b or other outcomes (e.g. quality improvement). CONCLUSIONS: This scoping review mapped the available literature on developments in medical education in response to COVID-19, summarizing developments and outcomes to serve as a guide for future work. The review highlighted areas of relative strength, as well as several gaps. Numerous articles have been written about remote learning and simulation and these areas are ripe for full systematic reviews. Telehealth, interviews and faculty development were lacking and need urgent attention.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Educação a Distância/tendências , Educação Médica/tendências , Medicina Baseada em Evidências/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoal de Saúde/educação , Telemedicina/tendências , Ásia , Competência Clínica , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , América do Norte , Simulação de Paciente , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos
5.
Rev. Fund. Educ. Méd. (Ed. impr.) ; 23(6): 317-323, dic. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-198787

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: Las metas académicas se definen como un conjunto de afectos, sentimientos, creencias y juicios que conduce las intenciones del estudiante ante actividades académicas relacionadas con los tipos de motivación intrínseca y extrínseca (teoría de la autodeterminación). Existe bibliografía que muestra diferencias entre las metas y motivaciones en relación con el sexo de los estudiantes. SUJETOS Y MÉTODOS: Estudio descriptivo correlacional que consideró a 74 estudiantes de primer año de la carrera de kinesiología en 2019. Para determinar las metas académicas se utilizó la escala de metas de estudio. RESULTADOS: Las metas de aprendizaje presentan una alta valoración en ambos sexos, pero hay diferencias significativas en el desafío de estudiar para resolver problemas difíciles, donde los hombres valoran más que las mujeres superar obstáculos. En las metas de refuerzo social, las mujeres prefieren ser elogiadas por sus padres o docentes y los hombres evitar burlas, ambos ítems sin significación estadística. En las metas de logro, las mujeres se orientan a no suspender los exámenes finales, con valor significativo, y los hombres, a una buena posición social. CONCLUSIONES: Se evidencia que los estudiantes presentan similares metas en los tres factores estudiados. Sin embargo, respecto a indicadores, las mujeres se presentan más competitivas en cuanto a obtener mejores calificaciones con el fin de obtener la aprobación de sus padres y docentes, mientras que los hombres orientan sus metas al aprendizaje para demostrar ser mejores que sus pares


INTRODUCTION: Academic goals are defined as a set of affections, feelings, beliefs and judgements that drive the student's intentions to academic activities, related to two types of motivation; intrinsic and extrinsic (theory of self-determination). There is literature that shows the difference between the goals and motivations in relation to the sex of the students. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Correlational descriptive study that I consider 74 first year students of the Kinesiology cohort 2019. The Questionnaire to Measure Achievement Goal Tendencies was used to determine academic goals. RESULTS: Concerning the learning goals dimension, they were highly valued in both sexes; however, men showed significantly more appreciation for overcoming obstacles than women. In Social Reinforcement Goals, women showed more value being praised by their parents or teachers, while men tend to avoid being teased by their colleagues. Concerning to the achievement-oriented goals, women are oriented not to suspend final exams, while men are oriented to obtain a good social position. CONCLUSIONS: It is evident that the students present similar goals in the three factors studied. However, at the level of the indicators, women are more competitive in obtaining better grades in order to obtain the approval of their parents and teachers. Meanwhile, men focus their goals on learning in order to demonstrate that they are better than their peers


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Objetivos , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Ocupações em Saúde/educação , Motivação , Autonomia Pessoal , Aprendizagem , Competência Clínica , Logro , Sucesso Acadêmico
6.
Rev. Fund. Educ. Méd. (Ed. impr.) ; 23(6): 359-366, dic. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-198794

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: La línea de trabajo sobre las emociones en el aprendizaje y su relación con el logro académico considera las emociones como motivadoras o residuales del aprendizaje intelectual-cognitivo y busca determinar el papel o la función de las emociones como formadoras del aprendizaje. OBJETIVO: Evaluar las diferencias de la emoción del logro académico frente a distintos momentos evaluativos en estudiantes de kinesiología. SUJETOS Y MÉTODOS: El estudio tuvo un enfoque cuantitativo, con diseño observacional, temporalidad transversal y alcance correlacional. Se incluyó a 238 estudiantes regulares de primer a quinto año pertenecientes a la carrera de kinesiología de una universidad privada de la provincia de Concepción. A todos ellos se les aplicó el cuestionario de emociones de prueba. RESULTADOS: Se hallaron puntuaciones más altas para las emociones positivas y más bajas para las emociones negativas. Los estudiantes muestran un promedio estadísticamente significativo más elevado en la emoción de disfrute y esperanza antes de la evaluación. Emociones como el orgullo, la vergüenza y el enojo muestran variabilidad en el eje temporal que rodea al hito evaluativo y muestran una disminución significativa posterior a la rendición de una evaluación. No se encontraron diferencias de las emociones entre hombres o mujeres, grupos etarios o el curso de los estudiantes. CONCLUSIÓN: Es imperativo que los educadores en kinesiología consideren el aprendizaje emocional que emana junto con el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje y se transformen en facilitadores del entorno educativo, para que sus estudiantes puedan identificar de forma precisa sus emociones, las definan y puedan regularlas en los distintos momentos evaluativos


INTRODUCTION: The line of work on emotions in learning and its relationship with academic achievement considers emotions as motivating or residual of intellectual-cognitive learning and seeks to determine the role or function of emotions as formators of learning. AIM: To evaluate the differences in the student's emotion of academic achievement versus different evaluative moments in kinesiology. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study had a quantitative approach, with observational design, transverse temporality and correlational scope. 238 regular first to fifth year students belonging to the kinesiology degree at a private university in the Province of Concepción were included. The Test Emotions Questionnaire was applied to all of them. RESULTS: Higher scores were found for positive emotions and lower scores for negative emotions. Students show a statistically significant higher average in the emotion of enjoyment and hope before the assessment. Emotions such as pride, shame, and anger show variability in the time axis surrounding the assessment milestone, showing a significant decrease after the assessment was completed. No differences in emotions were found between men or women, age groups or the students' course. CONCLUSION: It is imperative that kinesiology educators consider the emotional learning that emanates along with the teaching-learning process and become facilitators of the educational environment, so that their students can accurately identify their emotions, define them and regulate them in the different evaluative moments


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Avaliação Educacional , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Ocupações em Saúde/educação , Emoções , Educação de Graduação em Medicina/métodos , Cinesiologia Aplicada/educação , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
Educ. med. (Ed. impr.) ; 21(5): 313-323, sept.-oct. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-196875

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: There are four objectives to this paper: (1) To determine whether undergraduates enrolled in Health-Sciences studies agree with the use of human stem cells for medical research, treatment and genetic uses. (2) Whether they would consider the use of pre-implantation-embryos for medical research. (3) Whether attitudes toward the previous two issues are linked to gender, field of study, transcendental/spiritual convictions and political biases. (4) A panel of discussion will modify their opinion. RESULTS: The present study shows that, before attending a discussion panel session, media was the main source of information that the students had on the surveyed topics. A discussion panel was useful for clarifying respondents' opinions on the explored items. Significantly, the discussion panel had an influence on those respondents who did not have a formed opinion on the explored items. CONCLUSIONS: A discussion panel is a convenient, but limited tool, in the shaping of undergraduate opinions on ethically controversial scientific matters


INTRODUCCIÓN: Los objetivos de este artículo son conocer si: 1) los estudiantes de pregrado matriculados en titulaciones de grado de ciencias de la salud están de acuerdo con la utilización de las células madre humanas para la investigación médica de los embriones preimplantatorios, la cura de enfermedades y los usos génicos; 2) consideran el uso de los embriones preimplantatorios humanos para la investigación; 3) las actitudes hacia los 2 temas anteriores están relacionadas con el género, el grado universitario en curso, la afiliación política y las convicciones trascendentales o espirituales, y 4) conocer si un panel de discusión, con expertos, modifica esas opiniones. RESULTADOS: Los resultados del presente estudio mostraron que antes del panel de discusión, los medios de comunicación eran la principal fuente de información de los encuestados sobre los temas estudiados. El panel de discusión fue útil para aclarar las opiniones de los encuestados, aprobar o desaprobar los ítems explorados. Significativamente, el panel de discusión influyó en los encuestados que dijeron que no tenían una opinión formada sobre los ítems explorados antes del panel de discusión. CONCLUSIONES: El panel de discusión es una herramienta conveniente pero limitada en la formación de las opiniones de los estudiantes de pregrado en titulaciones de ciencias de la salud sobre cuestiones científicas éticamente controvertidas


Assuntos
Humanos , Especialização/normas , Implantação do Embrião , Biologia do Desenvolvimento/educação , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Ocupações em Saúde/educação , Pesquisas com Embriões/ética , Opinião Pública , Transplante de Células-Tronco/ética , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
Sante Publique ; 32(2): 149-159, 2020.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32985831

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: “Health service”, a French national service-learning program for health profession students, was launched in 2018. It aimed at developing knowledge and skills in health promotion and prevention. The purpose of this study was to assess the local implementation of this program, among medical, pharmacy, midwifery and physical therapy students at the Grenoble Alps University. METHODS: Relevant data were extracted from the placement reports, the directors’ feedback forms and an on-line questionnaire for students. We described the teams, the actions, the targeted publics, the students’ satisfaction and directors’ satisfaction. RESULTS: 400 students participated in this service-learning program (207 medical students, 93 pharmacy students, 39 midwifery students and 61 physical therapy students). 92 teams took actions in 91 institutions, including 90 secondary schools. 96.0% of the students were in interprofessional teams. Of 7,926 people reached, 7,872 (99.3%) were secondary school pupils. The main issues addressed were the substance-use prevention program based on life skills development, Unplugged (55 schools) and screen time and cyberstalking (17 schools). CONCLUSIONS: This program achieved interprofessional education and practice, with health-student-delivered activities. Interdisciplinarity was a core strength of the “Health service”. Areas for improvement were the communication and the reimbursement of transportation expenses.


Assuntos
Ocupações em Saúde/educação , Relações Interprofissionais , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde/psicologia , França , Humanos , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades
9.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 18(1): 299, 2020 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32891148

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) is a condition of sleepiness when a person would not be expected to sleep. University students are prone to EDS due to the competitive learning environment and fragmented night sleep. No study was conducted in Ethiopia on EDS. Therefore, this study aimed to determine EDS and its predictors among University of Gondar (UoG) Medical and Health Science students. METHODS: Institution-based cross-sectional study was carried out on 383 Medical and Health Science students of UoG who were recruited using a computer-generated simple random sampling technique. We used a validated Epworth daytime sleepiness tool to collect data. Epi-Info™ 7 and Stata 14 were used for data entry and analysis, respectively. Bivariable and multivariable binary logistic regression analyses were performed to find out predictors. Odds ratio with 95% uncertainty interval were computed. In the final model, a variable with a p < 0.05 was declared as a predictor of EDS. RESULTS: Three hundred and eighty-three students completed the questionnaire. Males were 69.97% and the mean age of participants was 20.79 (±1.83) years. In the current study, the prevalence of EDS was 31.07% (95% UI: 26.62-35.91). The odds of getting EDS was 1.83 (AOR = 1.83, 95% UI: 1.14-2.96) and 1.84 (AOR = 1.84, 95% UI: 1.13-3.00) higher among students who reported night sleep behaviour disorders and depression, respectively. CONCLUSION: This study revealed that EDS is high and predicted by depression and night sleep behaviour disorders. These findings suggest the need to set preventive strategies such as counselling of students to reduce depression and night sleep behaviour disorders. Further studies particularly qualitative studies are required to find out more factors affecting EDS.


Assuntos
Distúrbios do Sono por Sonolência Excessiva/epidemiologia , Distúrbios do Sono por Sonolência Excessiva/etiologia , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/epidemiologia , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Etiópia/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Razão de Chances , Prevalência , Qualidade de Vida , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
10.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(9): 1281-1288, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32913169

RESUMO

Aims: This study aimed to obtain data on the knowledge, behavior, and immunization status of veterinary students about rabies. Methods and Materials: The population of this descriptive study consisted of all the 770 students of a veterinary faculty (response rate 85.7%; n = 660). A survey was conducted querying the knowledge and behaviors of the participants about rabies. Results: Of the surveyed students 28.6% (n = 189) stated that they were exposed to animal bites at least once, and 50.3% (n = 95) of these students stated that they were vaccinated following the exposure. Of the participants, 23.6% (n = 156) indicated that they received protective rabies treatment (prophylactic vaccination). About 32.9% (n = 217) of the students taking part in the study had pets at home. Around 70.7% (n = 153) of these students stated that their animals were vaccinated against rabies. A significant relationship was found between having a pet and being bitten by an animal (P < 0.001). 50.5% (n = 333) of the students who participated in the study were competent in knowledge, while 48.3% were competent in behavior. Students competent in knowledge or behavior were considerably more in the clinical classes compared to preclinical classes. A significant relationship in favor of men was found between the sexes concerning both knowledge and behavior levels. Conclusions: The study revealed deficiencies in the students' awareness levels regarding rabies. Ascertaining a sufficient amount of theory and practice courses on rabies in the veterinary faculty curriculum, starting from earlier classes will contribute to the knowledge and behaviors of the students.


Assuntos
Antibioticoprofilaxia/estatística & dados numéricos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Vacinas Antirrábicas/administração & dosagem , Raiva/prevenção & controle , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde/psicologia , Vacinação/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Animais , Mordeduras e Picadas , Cães , Educação em Veterinária , Docentes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Raiva/veterinária , Faculdades de Medicina Veterinária , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Turquia
11.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237670, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32790797

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Efforts to characterize healthcare professional students' lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) cultural competency are necessary to recommend educational initiatives. Very few studies have evaluated LGBT cultural competency across multiple healthcare disciplines, and no known studies have included students of other healthcare disciplines such as occupational therapy, pharmacy, physical therapy, and physician assistant. METHODS: Healthcare professional students (N = 1701) at three universities across the United States completed a survey consisting of demographics, experiential variables (i.e., LGBT patients and LGBT curricular hours), and the 7-point Likert LGBT-Development of Clinical Skills Scale (LGBT-DOCSS). LGBT-DOCSS scores, annual LGBT patients, and annual LGBT curricular hours were compared across healthcare disciplines. RESULTS: While students reported very high Attitudinal Awareness (M = 6.48, SD = 0.92), they endorsed moderate Basic Knowledge (M = 5.54, SD = 1.16) and low Clinical Preparedness (M = 3.78, SD = 1.28). After controlling for several demographic and experiential variables, there were significant differences among healthcare disciplines on LGBT-DOCSS scores, with social work students reporting the highest on all scores, and dental students reporting the lowest on all scores except Clinical Preparedness. There were also significant differences among healthcare disciplines on annual LGBT patients [mean range: 0.57 (dental) to 7.59 (physician assistant)] and annual LGBT curricular hours [mean range: 0.51 (occupational therapy) to 5.64 (social work)]. Experiential variables were significant predictors for Overall LGBT-DOCSS, Clinical Preparedness, and Basic Knowledge (all p < 0.001); LGBT patients was also a significant predictor for Attitudinal Awareness (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, significant differences in LGBT cultural competency exist across healthcare disciplines, which may result from inadequate experiences with LGBT patients and LGBT curricular education. Future efforts should consider increasing LGBT patient contact hours and LGBT formal education hours to enhance healthcare students' LGBT cultural competency.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica/estatística & dados numéricos , Competência Cultural , Ocupações em Saúde/educação , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero/psicologia , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Currículo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estados Unidos , Adulto Jovem
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32635499

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Satisfactory experience about basic life support (BLS) is crucial to ensure rapid and efficient delivery of essential life-saving care during emergency situations. OBJECTIVES: To assess BLS experience among health profession students at King Khalid University (KKU), Southwestern Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on a representative sample of male and female health profession students, during the academic year 2019-2020. A self-reported questionnaire was utilized to collect data about BLS experiences, which included receiving BLS training, reasons for not having BLS training, suggestions to improve BLS training, encountering a situation that required the use of BLS, practicing BLS when needed and reasons for not practicing BLS when needed. RESULTS: Out of 1261 health profession students, 590 received formal BLS training with a prevalence rate of 46.8% (95% CI: 44.0-49.6), and 46.0% of them trained at the university. Important obstacles for non-attendance included busy academic schedule (54.7%) and high cost of the training course (18%). Overall, 84.1% supported integration of BLS training into their college curricula. Almost 26% encountered a situation that required BLS; however, only 32.4% responded. Through multivariate regression, the significant determinant of response was having formal BLS training (aOR = 4.24, 95% CI: 2.38-7.54). The frequent reasons for non-response were lack of adequate BLS knowledge (35.0%), nervousness (22.8%), and that the victim was of opposite sex (9.0%). CONCLUSION: It is recommended that more emphasis should be given to BLS training among undergraduates of health profession colleges in Southwestern Saudi Arabia. It is recommended that BLS training be integrated into health profession college curricula. Including BLS training as a graduation requirement for health profession students might motivate students to attain BLS training courses.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/educação , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Ocupações em Saúde/educação , Cuidados para Prolongar a Vida/métodos , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde/psicologia , Adulto , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/terapia , Arábia Saudita , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades
14.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 633, 2020 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32381078

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We have previously reported on the prevalence of dietary supplements among college students; it was deduced that their intake of supplements increased according to their grade (i.e., 13.1% in the first grade to 20.5% in the sixth grade). We also reported that some students had experienced adverse events in Japan due to their intake of these supplements. However, awareness of dietary supplements among college students remains limited, even among pharmaceutical students. Being appropriately educated about them is important for pharmaceutical students, both for themselves as well as for their future careers as pharmacists. METHODS: We conducted a lecture-based educational intervention about dietary supplements on 328 college students in Japan-184 from pharmaceutical science and 144 from environmental science or food and life science disciplines. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of an educational intervention on college students' understanding of dietary supplements. The intervention involved a lecture that covered the quality of dietary supplements, how they differed from drugs, and a summary of their adverse events. The lecture was evaluated using a 14-question questionnaire. We then compared the pre- and post-intervention responses to the same questionnaire using a Wilcoxon signed-rank test. The questions were assessed using a Likert scale that ranged from "strongly agree" to "strongly disagree"; the latter being the preferred answer. RESULTS: Before the intervention had taken place, the students' understanding of dietary supplements was shown to be deficient. Conversely, post-intervention, their knowledge levels had significantly improved, especially concerning agreement on whether "Dietary supplements are safe because they are just food items". Pre-intervention, 2.7% strongly agreed and 37.5% agreed; post-intervention, 1.2% strongly agreed and 15.6% agreed. On whether "Dietary supplements made from natural ingredients or herbs are safe", at the pre-intervention stage 2.8% strongly agreed and 44.0% agreed and post-intervention, 2.2% strongly agreed and 16.9% agreed. On whether "Dietary supplements made from food items are safe", 4.0% strongly agreed and 43.6% agreed pre-intervention and 0.9% strongly agreed and 16.6% agreed post-intervention. Despite there being a greater number of pharmaceutical students who had a correct understanding of dietary supplements before the intervention, these students still showed improvement after the lecture. CONCLUSION: An intervention in the form of a single educational lecture has the capacity to improve college students' understanding of dietary supplements. It is important for pharmacists to be appropriately educated about dietary supplements when they consult with patients. We will evaluate the long-term effects of the intervention on the alumni (pharmacists) in a subsequent study.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Saúde , Suplementos Nutricionais/estatística & dados numéricos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Promoção da Saúde/organização & administração , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde/psicologia , Estudantes de Farmácia/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Occup Ther Int ; 2020: 3025456, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32410924

RESUMO

Access to personal mobility is a human right and as such, it implies the provision of wheelchair services for those with mobility impairments that need one. Lack of appropriately trained personnel is a major contributor to the gap in access to wheelchairs. Assistive technology provision is one of the core competencies of occupational therapists. The goal of this study was to assess the current wheelchair provision knowledge of final year occupational therapy students in Colombia as measured by the International Society of Wheelchair Professionals Basic Wheelchair Service Knowledge Test. A total of 83 students from 7 universities took the test. None of the students met the 70% passing threshold. The highest scores were in the assessment domain while the lowest in the fitting and user training domains. These results suggest that the current wheelchair provision education received in these programs do not meet the World Health Organization guidelines on appropriate wheelchair provision. The implementation of strategies to improve current wheelchair provision education in Colombian occupational therapy programs is granted.


Assuntos
Terapia Ocupacional/educação , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Cadeiras de Rodas , Adulto , Colômbia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Universidades , Organização Mundial da Saúde
16.
Rev Soc Bras Med Trop ; 53: e20190476, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32321094

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study investigated the prevalence of blood donors' test-seeking behavior and related factors among health sciences undergraduate students. METHODS: A total of 750 students were invited. Data regarding sociodemographic and behavioral characteristics, blood donation practices, and test-seeking behavior were collected. RESULTS: Of the invited students, 341 (45.5%) agreed to participate and answered questions regarding test-seeking behavior. The sample comprised 83.1% females, 96.8% singles, 87.2% heterosexuals, and 32.6% of them had previously donated blood. A high prevalence of blood donor test-seeking behavior (14.4%; 95% CI: 10.8%-18.5%) was observed and associated with blood donation practices. CONCLUSIONS: Test-seeking behavior was common among the interviewed students, thereby highlighting the importance of developing a better understanding of its determinants to prevent this behavior in key populations.


Assuntos
Doadores de Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
17.
Nutr. hosp ; 37(2): 285-292, mar.-abr. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-190592

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: las personas con obesidad suelen ser objeto de estigmas asociados al peso por parte de la población. Los estudiantes del área de la salud, al formar parte de la sociedad, también experimentan actitudes antiobesidad, lo que puede afectar a la calidad de la atención que ofrecen. OBJETIVOS: analizar las diferencias por sexo, en estudiantes universitarios vinculados al área de la salud, con respecto a las actitudes antiobesidad, la obsesión por la delgadez, la bulimia y la insatisfacción corporal, identificando las variables que permitan predecir las actitudes negativas respecto a la obesidad. Además, se exploraron los significados asociados a la malnutrición por exceso. MÉTODO: con un diseño no experimental transversal y un muestreo no probabilístico por conveniencia, se accedió a 212 participantes. Los instrumentos fueron: AFA, EDI-2 y redes semánticas naturales. RESULTADOS: las mujeres presentaron valores más altos que los hombres en todas las variables estudiadas (p < 0,05), excepto en la bulimia (p > 0,05). La obsesión por la delgadez fue el único predictor de las actitudes antiobesidad (R2 = 0,40). Los significados más prevalentes hacia las personas con obesidad fueron "enfermedad" y "aspectos psicológicos". CONCLUSIONES: la presencia de obsesión por la delgadez en estudiantes que trabajarán en el abordaje integral de la obesidad es un predisponente a experimentar actitudes antiobesidad. Dentro de los significados asociados al sobrepeso más prevalentes en este grupo están los aspectos psicológicos, antes que los conceptos relacionados con la alimentación y la actividad física. Todo esto puede tener un impacto negativo en la calidad de la atención que ofrezcan


INTRODUCTION: people with obesity are often subjected to weight-related stigma by the population. Career students linked to the approach to obesity, as part of society, also experience anti-obesity attitudes, which can affect the quality of care they will offer. OBJECTIVES: to analyze the differences by sex, in university students linked to the health area, in anti-obesity attitudes, drive for thinness, bulimia, and body dissatisfaction, identifying variables allowing to predict negative attitudes regarding obesity. In addition, the meanings associated with excess malnutrition were explored. METHOD: with a cross-sectional, non-experimental design and non-probabilistic, convenience sampling 212 participants were accessed. Instruments included: AFA, EDI-2, and natural semantic networks. RESULTS: women showed higher values than men in all the variables studied (p < 0.05) except bulimia (p > 0.05). Drive for thinness was the only predictor for anti-obesity attitudes (R2 = 0.40). The most prevalent meanings attached to people with obesity were "illness" and "psychological issues". CONCLUSIONS: the presence of drive for thinness in students who will work in the comprehensive approach to obesity is a predisposing factor to experiencing anti-obesity attitudes. Among the most prevalent meanings associated with overweight in this group are psychological issues, rather than concepts related to food and physical activity. All this can have a negative impact on the quality of the care they offer


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Manejo da Obesidade , Obesidade/prevenção & controle , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Magreza/psicologia , Bulimia , Estudos Transversais , Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia , Atividade Motora , Inquéritos e Questionários , Peso-Estatura , Web Semântica/estatística & dados numéricos , Índice de Massa Corporal
18.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 317, 2020 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32164661

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The problem of spending most of the day in a sitting position concerns all people, regardless of their age. Unfortunately, this trend is more and more often observed among young people. The aim of the study was to assess self-reported physical activity and time spent sitting among students of different fields of health related faculty. METHODS: The study group included 216 students (22.3 ± 1.8 years of age) of the Medical University of Lodz: physiotherapy students (n = 101), pharmacy students (n = 73), and dietetics students (n = 42). The time spent sitting and physical activity level were assessed based on the International Physical Activity Questionnaire-long version. RESULTS: The time spent sitting among health related faculty students was on average more than 46 h a week (2781.8 ± 1238.5 MET-minutes/week). Regarding all the students the pharmacy students spent most time sitting (3086.0 ± 1032.1 MET-minutes/week), while the dietetics students spent the least (2215.7 ± 1230.1 MET-minutes/week). Taking into account the physical activity level almost 65% of all the students were in a high category (mainly physiotherapy students). Only 1.4% of all the surveyed students were classified as the low physical activity category. Statistical analysis showed no significant differences (P = 0.6880) between the time spent sitting and level of physical activity among all students. CONCLUSIONS: Students of medical universities spend too much hours on sitting, mostly 5-8 h a day. Despite this, they undertake various activities due to which their level of physical activity is moderate or even high. Therefore, it cannot be unequivocally stated that there is a relationship between the time spent sitting and physical activity level.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico , Postura Sentada , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Polônia , Faculdades de Medicina , Autorrelato , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
19.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1279: 9-14, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32170668

RESUMO

Practical work in veterinary medicine provides exposure to various allergens which could increase the risk of sensitization. With the ongoing prospective "AllergoVet" study, we are investigating patterns of allergic symptoms and sensitization among veterinary students. Here, we report the results of the introductory self-reported survey on the presence of allergies in the first-year students of veterinary medicine, who had begun their studies in the years 2013-2016. The survey included 553 students who answered a questionnaire (63% response rate, 83% female ratio). The median age was 20 years (IQR: 19-22 years). About half of the responders indicated an interest in participating in the prospective study ("candidates"). Those who were uninterested in participating were termed "noncandidates". A doctor's diagnosis of any kind of atopic disease was reported by every fourth student. Hay fever was reported by 71 (13%) and allergic asthma by 38 (6.9%) students. The prevalence of hay fever in "candidates" (n = 294) and "noncandidates" (n = 259) was 13.5% and 12.2%, respectively. Allergic asthma was reported by 9.9% of "candidates" and 3.5% of "noncandidates", the difference being significant (p = 0.003). We conclude that the prevalence of self-reported allergic symptoms in the first-year students of veterinary medicine is similar to that in the general population. Pre-existing allergic asthma may have increased the motivation for the enrolment into the longitudinal "AllergoVet-study".


Assuntos
Educação em Veterinária , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Hipersensibilidade/epidemiologia , Autorrelato , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Alérgenos/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipersensibilidade/imunologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto Jovem
20.
Rev. med. cine ; 16(1): 43-45, mar. 2020. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-197594

RESUMO

La Revista de Medicina y Cine siempre estuvo abierta a publicar artículos de alumnos tanto de ciencias de la salud como de otras titulaciones. Una de las pretensiones de la revista fue el estimular la participación de los estudiantes como autores de sus publicaciones. El objetivo del presente artículo consiste en describir la participación de estudiantes en la revista informando del número de artículos publicados, del número de autores, del tipo de trabajo realizado, de las universidades de procedencia, de las películas comentadas y de los temas tratados. Se revisaron todos los artículos publicados desde el año 2005, inicio de la revista, hasta el año 2019. Se registraron 42 artículos con participación de estudiantes (16,9 % del total) con 60 autores procedentes de 12 universidades distintas y de 10 titulaciones diferentes, seis de ellas de ciencias de la salud. Se concluye que la Revista de Medicina y Cine, además de ser un medio para fomentar el aprendizaje en estudios de ciencias de la salud, puede facilitar a los estudiantes el desarrollo de la competencia genérica de elaborar artículos científicos


The Journal of Medicine and Movies was always open to publish articles by students of health sciences and other degrees. Encouraging the participation of students was always one of the pretensions of the journal. The objective of this article is to describe the participation of students in the journal informing of the number of articles published, the number of authors, the type of work carried out, the universities of origin, the commented films and the topics discussed. All articles published since 2005, at the beginning of the magazine, until 2019 were reviewed.42 articles were registered with the participation of students (16,9 % of total) with 60 authors from 12 different universities and 10 different degrees, six of them from health sciences. It is concluded that the Journal of Medicine and Movies, in addition to being a means to promote learning in health science studies, can facilitate to the students the development of the generic competence to produce scientific articles


Assuntos
Humanos , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto , Comunicação Acadêmica/estatística & dados numéricos , Bibliometria
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