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1.
J Nurs Educ ; 59(10): 570-576, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33002163

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In March 2020, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, universities halted in-person education and health care pivoted to telehealth delivery models. This article describes a nurse-led educational program that transitioned to fully online delivery to prepare interprofessional teams of health care students to use telehealth during the pandemic and beyond. METHOD: Participants included 67 students from seven professions. Researchers developed "the four Ps of telehealth" model to guide the curriculum. The program used pre- and postassessments including the Confidence in Planning for Telehealth Scale, the Telehealth Etiquette Knowledge Scale, and the Confidence in Providing Telehealth Scale. RESULTS: There were significant improvements in scores on all scales following the program (p = .000). CONCLUSION: The results suggest that comprehensive telehealth education should focus on more than just delivering telehealth but also planning and preparing for its delivery. Programs such as this online program can serve as a model for future telehealth programs to prepare providers. [J Nurs Educ. 2020;59(10):570-576.].


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Educação a Distância/organização & administração , Educação em Enfermagem/organização & administração , Relações Interprofissionais , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Telemedicina/organização & administração , Adulto , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Currículo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Modelos Educacionais , Pesquisa em Educação de Enfermagem , Pesquisa em Avaliação de Enfermagem , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
3.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0239014, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32941464

RESUMO

The Educational Practices Questionnaire is an instrument for assessing students perceptions of best educational practices in simulation. As for other countries, in Spain, it is necessary to have validated rubrics to measure the effects of simulation. The objective of this study was to carry out a translation and cultural adaptation of the Educational Practices Questionnaire into Spanish and analyze its reliability and validity. The study was carried out in two phases: (1) adaptation of the questionnaire into Spanish. (2) Cross-sectional study in a sample of 626 nursing students. Psychometric properties were analyzed in terms of reliability and construct validity by confirmatory and exploratory factor analysis. The exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses showed that the one-dimensional model is acceptable for both scales (presence and importance). The results show that the participants' scores can be calculated and interpreted for the general factor and also for the four subscales. Cronbach's alpha and the Omega Index were also suitable for all the scales and for each of the dimensions. The Educational Practices Questionnaire is a simple and easy-to-administer tool to measure how nursing degree students perceive the presence and importance of best educational practices.


Assuntos
Educação em Enfermagem/métodos , Psicometria/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Psicometria/normas , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Espanha , Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Traduções
4.
Nurs Forum ; 55(4): 687-694, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32737871

RESUMO

An organizational culture that values diversity and inclusion is essential for the achievement of high-quality nursing education, yet little literature exists to guide schools of nursing (SON) in accomplishing this goal. All SONs, regardless of size, need a framework that provides specific steps for developing and nurturing a culture that values diversity and inclusion. Using our SON as an exemplar, the goal of this article was to (a) review the barriers we faced when building a diverse and inclusive environment, (b) share our school's strategic plan designed to promote diversity and inclusion, and (c) highlight successful strategies as part of the development and ongoing implementation of our school's strategic plan. This process requires continuous commitment and intentionality as well as flexibility to address unforeseen circumstances. For example, the goals we have adopted and the strategies we have put in place have allowed members of our SON community to acknowledge and address the urgency and validity of the Black Lives Matter movement, as well as the disproportionate impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic on racial and ethnic minority groups. Although we recognize that we still have work to do within our SON community, we believe our exemplar offers an action-oriented framework for increasing diversity and inclusion among students, faculty, staff, and leadership in SONs.


Assuntos
Diversidade Cultural , Cultura Organizacional , Escolas de Enfermagem/organização & administração , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Docentes de Enfermagem/normas , Docentes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Liderança , Masculino , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Racismo/prevenção & controle , Planejamento Estratégico , Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos
5.
Curationis ; 43(1): e1-e8, 2020 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32633991

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lesotho has been experiencing health challenges as indicated by its high maternal mortality ratio of 620 per 100 000 live births for the year 2010, which has been linked to its limited human resources. OBJECTIVES: The knowledge and skills of final-year student nurse-midwives related to the active management of the third stage of labour were determined. METHOD: A quantitative, descriptive survey design was used to conduct this study with 99 final-year midwifery students at four nursing schools in Lesotho using stratified sampling. The structured questionnaire collected data on the knowledge and self-reported competency. Subsequently, the controlled cord traction marks, extracted from the objective structured clinical examination (OSCE), were compared to the self-reported competency of these midwifery students using R software version 3.4.0. RESULTS: The mean score for knowledge and the OSCE was 73.8% (n = 99) and 77.2% (n = 99), respectively. The majority of respondents (95.2%, n = 99) rated themselves highly in terms of the active management of the third stage of labour competency. There was no correlation between the self-reported competency and knowledge (r = 0.08, p = 0.4402), and self-reported competency and OSCE scores (r = -0.004, p = 0.01). CONCLUSION: The high mean scores for the knowledge and the OSCE indicate that the theoretical component of the curriculum on the active management of the third stage of labour was effective in equipping final-year midwifery students with knowledge and skills to carry out this competency.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica/normas , Terceira Fase do Trabalho de Parto/fisiologia , Tocologia/educação , Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Competência Clínica/estatística & dados numéricos , Currículo/tendências , Feminino , Humanos , Tocologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Gravidez , África do Sul , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
Metas enferm ; 23(6): 50-58, jul. 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-194597

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: describir la percepción del estrés, los factores potencialmente estresantes y la ansiedad de los estudiantes de la Facultad de Enfermería de Soria al comienzo de sus prácticas clínicas, y determinar la influencia de factores sociodemográficos, académicos, situación familiar y estilos de vida sobre la percepción de estos. MÉTODO: estudio descriptivo transversal con 61 estudiantes de la Facultad de Enfermería de Soria (curso). Se estudiaron variables sociodemográficas (sexo, edad, actividad laboral), académicas (año de ingreso, cursar solo Prácticum I, beca, otros estudios), de situación familiar (residencia, pareja, personas a cargo, familiar sanitario, pérdida de familiar), estilos de vida (fumador/a, bebedor/a, ejercicio físico), estrés y factores potencialmente estresores (Cuestionario KEZKAK -mín. 0 a máx. 3 puntos-) y ansiedad estado-rasgo (Cuestionario STAI -mín. 0 a máx. 60 puntos-). Se realizaron análisis descriptivo y bivariantes para las variables psicológicas. RESULTADOS: participaron 60 estudiantes (edad mediana (Me) = 21 años). La puntuación global de estrés presentó una mediana de 1,89 (RIQ = 0,48). Los factores percibidos como más estresantes fueron "falta de competencia" (Me = 2,09; RIQ = 0,43) e "impotencia e incertidumbre" (Me = 2,05; RIQ = 0,54). La ansiedad estado-rasgo presentó una mediana de 17 (IQR = 8) y 17,5 (IQR = 10), respectivamente. El nivel de estrés, los factores potencialmente estresantes y la ansiedad estado se asociaron con el sexo (p < 0,05). CONCLUSIONES: los estudiantes de Enfermería en sus primeras prácticas clínicas percibieron niveles de estrés moderadamente altos y una ansiedad moderada, siendo los principales estresores "falta de competencia" e "impotencia e incertidumbre". El sexo está altamente asociado con el estrés y la ansiedad, siendo mayor en las mujeres


OBJECTIVE: to describe the perception of stress, the potentially stressful factors, and the anxiety among students from the School of Nursing of Soria at the start of their clinical practice; and to determine the impact on their perception of sociodemographical and academic factors, their family situation and lifestyles. METHOD: a descriptive cross-sectional study with 61 students from the School of Nursing of Soria (course). The study included sociodemographical variables (gender, age, occupation), academic (year of admission, practicum I only, scholarship, other studies), family situation (place of residence, partner, dependent persons, health professional relatives, loss of relatives), lifestyles (smoking, drinking, physical exercise), stress and potential stressors (KEZKAK Questionnaire -min. 0 to max. 3 scores-) and State-Trait anxiety (STAI Questionnaire -min. 0 to max. 60 scores). Descriptive and bivariate analyses were conducted for the psychological variables. RESULTS: the study included 60 students (median age (Me= 21-year-old). The overall stress score presented a median score of 1.89 (IQR = 0.48). The factors perceived as more stressful were "lack of competence" (Me = 2.09; IQR = 0.43) and "impotence and uncertainty" (Me = 2.05; IQR = 0.54). The State-Trait anxiety presented a median score of 17 (IQR = 8) and 17.5 (IQR = 10), respectively. The level of stress, potential stressors and state anxiety were associated with gender (p< 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: nursing students in their first clinical practice perceived moderately high levels of stress and moderate anxiety; the main stressors were "lack of competence" and "anxiety and uncertainty". Gender is highly associated with stress and anxiety, and it is higher in women


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Prática Profissional , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Estilo de Vida , Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Escolas de Enfermagem/normas
7.
Nurse Educ Pract ; 46: 102809, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32679465

RESUMO

Anxiety is highly prevalent among nursing students even in normal circumstances. In Israel during the covid-19 pandemic and mandatory lockdown, nursing students encountered a new reality of economic uncertainty, fear of infection, challenges of distance education, lack of personal protection equipment (PPE) at work etc. The objective of this study was to assess levels of anxiety and ways of coping among nursing students in the Ashkelon Academic College, Southern District, Israel. A cross-sectional study was conducted among all 244 students in the nursing department during the third week of a national lockdown. Anxiety level was assessed using the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-Item Scale with a cut-off point of 10 for moderate and of 15 for severe anxiety. Factor analysis was used to identify coping components. The prevalence of moderate and severe anxiety was 42.8% and 13.1% respectively. Gender, lack of PPE, and fear of infection were significantly associated with a higher anxiety score. Stronger resilience and usage of humor were associated with significantly lower anxiety levels, while mental disengagement with higher anxiety levels. The nursing department's staff may contribute in lowering student anxiety by maintaining a stable educational framework, providing high quality distant teaching and encouraging and supporting students through this challenging period.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Israel/epidemiologia , Masculino , Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
9.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0236085, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32730277

RESUMO

Developing professional identity is a vital part of health professionals' education. In Auckland four tertiary institutions have partnered to run an interprofessional simulation training course called Urgent and Immediate Patient Care Week (UIPCW) which is compulsory for Year Five medical, Year Four pharmacy, Year Three paramedicine and Year Three nursing students. We sought to understand student experiences of UIPCW and how those experiences informed student ideas about professional identity and their emergent practice as health professionals within multidisciplinary teams. In 2018, we commenced ethnographic research involving participant observation, field notes, interviews, photography and observational ethnographic film. A total of 115 students participated in this research. The emergent findings concern the potentially transformative learning opportunity presented within high fidelity multi-disciplinary simulations for students to develop their professional identity in relation to peers from other professions. Our work also exposes the heightened anxiety and stress which can be experienced by students in such interdisciplinary simulations. Student experience suggests this is due to a range of factors including students having to perform in front of peers and staff in such simulation scenarios when their own professional identity and capabilities are still in emergent stages. Staff-led simulation debriefs form a critical success factor for transformative learning to be able to occur in any such simulations so that students can reflect on, and move beyond, the emotion and uncertainty of such experiences to develop future-focused concepts of professional identity and strategies to support effective interprofessional teamwork.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica , Assistência à Saúde/normas , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Relações Interprofissionais , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Profissionalismo/educação , Treinamento por Simulação/métodos , Antropologia Cultural , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Estudantes de Medicina/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes de Farmácia/psicologia , Estudantes de Farmácia/estatística & dados numéricos
11.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 28: e3276, 2020.
Artigo em Português, Espanhol, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32491119

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to analyze the technological production of three professional master programs in the area of Nursing. METHOD: documentary research on primary sources. A total of 100 graduate nurses from three professional master's programs in Nursing in the Southeastern region of Brazil were analyzed, based on the following variables: time of training, typology of products; context of products and technological and educational classification, welfare and management. The study was guided by the question: "How is the technological production of the dissertation of the professional master's degree according to typology, context and technological classification? The analysis of the data was based on the construction of a table that categorized the products according to the typology. RESULTS: development of techniques was the main type of product found, being expressed by flowcharts, protocols, guidelines and training courses. The products were mostly developed in the hospital context, in the educational technology format. CONCLUSION: the technological production of the analyzed programs is restricted, diffuse and, in its majority, of low social impact and has no relevance in the body of the dissertation. Despite the wide possibility of conclusion work, the dissertation, accompanied by an article and/or technical productions, is the main form of presentation.


Assuntos
Educação de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem/normas , Pesquisa em Enfermagem/normas , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Editoração/normas , Bibliometria , Brasil , Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde/normas , Humanos , Pesquisa em Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Tecnologia
12.
Rev. Asoc. Esp. Espec. Med. Trab ; 29(2): 23-28, jun. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-193750

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN Y OBJETIVOS: Garantizar la seguridad y salud de los estudiantes de enfermería que realizan prácticas en el hospital ofreciéndoles vacunación hasta alcanzar el nivel inmunológico de protección necesario. METODOLOGÍA: Revisión y recogida de datos de las historias clínico-laborales de 182 estudiantes de la Escuela de Enfermería de Sacyl en Zamora (2016-2019). RESULTADOS: Todos acreditan estar vacunados según calendario oficial. Tras primera serología, el 31,6% no presenta inmunidad frente a la triple vírica, el 2,15% frente a la varicela y el 86,9% frente a la vacuna de la hepatitis B. El 7,1% resultó no respondedor frente a la vacuna de la hepatitis B tras segunda pauta vacunal completa. CONCLUSIONES: La realización de la serología en el cribado prevacunación permite revacunar a aquellos que no presentan inmunización así como detectar aquellos casos no respondedores que tendrán un manejo adecuado si ocurre un accidente con exposición a una fuente de alto riesgo


INTRODUCTION AND OBJETIVES: Ensure the safety and health of nursing students who practice in the hospital by providing them with vaccinations up to the necessary immune protection level. METHODOLOGY: Review and data collection from the clinical- workplace histories of 182 students of the Sacyl School of Nursing in Zamora (2016-2019). RESULTS: All of them certify to be vaccinated according to official calendar. After the first serology, 31.6% did not have immunity against the triple virus, 2.15% against chickenpox and 86.9% against the hepatitis B vaccine. 7.1% were not responding to the hepatitis B vaccine after the second complete vaccination. CONCLUSION: The realization of serology in the screening allows to revaccinate those who don't present immunization, as well as detect those non-responders who will have adequate management if an accident with exposure to a high-risk source occurs


Assuntos
Humanos , Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Vacinação/estatística & dados numéricos , Vacinas contra Hepatite B/sangue , Varicela/sangue , Varicela/imunologia , Vacinas contra Hepatite B/imunologia , Saúde do Trabalhador/estatística & dados numéricos , Espanha
13.
Enferm. nefrol ; 23(2): 184-190, abr.-jun. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-194136

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: La obesidad es un factor de riesgo directo para la aparición y desarrollo de patologías crónicas no transmisibles, como la diabetes, hipertensión, enfermedad renal y cardiovascular. El sobrepeso y obesidad están relacionados entre otros factores a la inactividad física en los diferentes grupos etáreos, lo cual genera un problema de salud pública que requiere atención oportuna y estrategias de prevención y control en la población. OBJETIVOS: Determinar el sobrepeso, obesidad y su relación con la actividad física, en los estudiantes de enfermería pre grado de la Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, 2017. MATERIAL Y MÉTODO: Estudio descriptivo transversal y analítico, con una muestra aleatoria extraída de 198 alumnos, a quienes se les aplicó el instrumento validado Cuestionario Internacional de Actividad Física, previamente se tomaron medidas de peso, talla y calculó el Índice de Masa Corporal (IMC). Los estadísticos utilizados para medir la asociación fueron Tau-C de Kendall y coeficiente D de Somers. RESULTADOS: Del total de la muestra, el 14,1 % tienen obesidad, 31,7% sobrepeso, y el 52,8% están en condición normal. Respecto a la actividad física los estudiantes realizan actividad física baja y moderada con el 40,8% y 53,5% respectivamente, el 5,6% de los participantes realiza actividad física alta, destacando el sexo femenino en mayor proporción. CONCLUSIÓN: Existe una relación inversa entre la actividad física y las categorías de IMC, a mayor IMC se evidencia baja actividad física en la población de estudio


INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a direct risk factor for the appearance and development of chronic non-communicable diseases, such as diabetes, hypertension, renal and cardiovascular disease. Overweight and obesity are related among other factors to physical inactivity in the different age groups, which generates a public health problem that requires timely attention, and population prevention and control strategies. OBJECTIVES: To determine overweight, obesity and the relationship with physical activity in undergraduate nursing students at the Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia during 2017. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Descriptive, cross-sectional and analytical study, with a random sample of 198 students, to whom the validated International Physical Activity Questionnaire was applied, previously taking measurements of weight, height and calculating the Body Mass Index (BMI). The statistics used to measure the association were Kendall's Tau-C and Somers' D coefficient. RESULTS: Of the total sample, 14.1% are obese, 31.7% overweight, and 52.8% are in normal condition. Regarding physical activity, students carry out low and moderate physical activity with 40.8% and 53.5%, respectively. 5.6% of the participants perform high physical activity, having females a higher proportion. CONCLUSION: There is an inverse relationship between physical activity and BMI categories. The higher the BMI value, the lower the level of physical activity in the study population


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Sobrepeso/enfermagem , Obesidade/enfermagem , Atividade Motora , Fatores de Risco , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estado Nutricional
14.
Nurse Educ Today ; 92: 104504, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32563039

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic has caused an unprecedented health crisis worldwide, with the numbers of infections and deaths worldwide multiplying alarmingly in a matter of weeks. Accordingly, governments have been forced to take drastic actions such as the confinement of the population and the suspension of face-to-face teaching. In Spain, due to the collapse of the health system the government has been forced to take a series of important measures such as requesting the voluntary incorporation of final-year nursing and medical students into the health system. The objective of the present work is to study, using a phenomenological qualitative approach, the perceptions of students in this exceptional actual situation. A total of 62 interviews were carried out with final-year nursing and medicine students from Jaime I University (Spain), with 85% reporting having voluntarily joined the health system for ethical and moral reasons. Results from the inductive analysis of the descriptions highlighted two main categories and a total of five sub-categories. The main feelings collected regarding mood were negative, represented by uncertainty, nervousness, and fear. This study provides a description of the perceptions of final-year nursing and medical students with respect to their immediate incorporation into a health system aggravated by a global crisis.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Surtos de Doenças , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Adulto , Emoções , Pesquisa Empírica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias , Espanha/epidemiologia , Estudantes de Medicina/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
16.
J Med Internet Res ; 22(5): e15668, 2020 05 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32369027

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cybercivility, the practice of what to say and how to say it in online environments, encourages individuals to treat each other with respect. However, the anonymity of online communities may lead some individuals to behave in ways that violate social and cultural norms. These individuals treat others with a lack of regard and even bully others in faceless online confrontations. This practice of cyberincivility can be found across the internet, on commercial sites, and in schools offering online courses. Research on cybercivility and cyberincivility has increased in the United States, where instruments have been developed to measure the impact of cyberincivility in health profession education. However, there is no available instrument that measures nursing students' online behaviors in South Korea. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate a Korean version of the Academic Cyberincivility Assessment Questionnaire developed in the United States. METHODS: Data were collected from 213 nursing students in three South Korean colleges. The Academic Cyberincivility Assessment Questionnaire developed by De Gagne and colleagues was adapted to measure students' knowledge of cybercivility, and their experiences with and acceptability of cyberincivility. Content validity was tested using the content validity index (CVI). Criterion validity was tested using the digital citizenship scale. Reliability was evaluated using Cronbach alpha. The goodness-of-fit of construct validity was determined through exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. RESULTS: The CVI was 0.8 or higher for all items. Kuder-Richardson Formula 20, measuring reliability of the knowledge scale, was 0.22 and Cronbach alpha, measuring reliability of the experience scale, was .96. The goodness-of-fit of the model was Chi square=5568.63 (P<.001), the comparative fit index (CFI) was 0.92, and the root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA) was 0.08, which satisfied the criteria. The reliability of the acceptability scale was .96, and the goodness-of-fit indices satisfied the criteria (minimum Chi square/df=2.34, Tucker-Lewis Index =0.92, incremental fit index=0.93, root mean square residual=0.05, CFI=0.93, and RMSEA=0.08). CONCLUSIONS: This study extended and reevaluated the US version of cybercivility scales in a culturally distinct context. The three dimensions of cybercivility include knowledge, experience, and acceptability. Acceptability is well-validated as a dimension, whereas the knowledge dimension requires reexamination for application to Koreans. A revision of the instrument is needed that considers the cultural differences between South Korea and the United States. This paper calls for more attention to be paid to contextualized cybercivility scales among health professions in countries outside the United States.


Assuntos
Ocupações em Saúde/educação , Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , República da Coreia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
17.
Nurse Educ ; 45(3): 133-138, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32310625

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: While just culture is embraced in the clinical setting, just culture has not been systematically incorporated into nursing education. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess prelicensure nursing student perceptions of just culture in academia. METHODS: Following a quantitative, descriptive design, the Just Culture Assessment Tool for Nursing Education (JCAT-NE) was used to measure just culture across multiple (N = 15) nursing programs. RESULTS: The majority of JCAT-NE respondents (78%) reported their program has a safety reporting system, 15.4% had involvement in a safety-related event, and 12% submitted an error report. The JCAT-NE mean total score was 127.4 (SD, 23.6), with a statistically significant total score decline as students progressed from the beginning (133.6 [SD, 20.52]) to the middle (129.77 [SD, 23.6]) and end (122.2 [SD, 25.43]) of their programs (χ[2] = 25.09, P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: The results from this study are a call to action for nursing education to emphasize the tenets of just culture, error reporting, and quality improvement.


Assuntos
Bacharelado em Enfermagem/organização & administração , Erros Médicos/enfermagem , Cultura Organizacional , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Erros Médicos/prevenção & controle , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pesquisa em Educação de Enfermagem , Pesquisa em Avaliação de Enfermagem , Segurança do Paciente , Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(14): e19414, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32243361

RESUMO

The role of nursing students as future health promoters of healthy behaviors is influenced by their attitude towards smoking. A cross-sectional study using a self-administered survey was performed to analyze smoking prevalence among undergraduate the nursing students who attend nursing faculties in 2 European countries (Spain and Portugal) during academic period 2015 to 2016. A total of 1469 subjects were surveyed (response rate of 79.8%). An 80% of the students were female with a mean age of 21.9 (4.8) years. The overall prevalence of tobacco use was 18.9%, with an average percentage of 16.2% in Portugal and 18.3% in Spain. Statistical significance was observed in relation to smoke and previous studies (16.4% vs 27.1%; P < .001). Only 1.1% of the students reported using electronic cigarette. 15.8% of smokers started smoking while at university with statistical gender and previous studies differences (P < .001). Fagerström and Richmond test showed low nicotine dependence (2.8 ±â€Š2) and moderate motivation to stop smoking (4.9 ±â€Š3), respectively. Smoking prevalence among nursing students was slightly higher than the general European population. For that reason, measures to reduce tobacco use have to be focused on students and university policies on tobacco control should be a challenge in the future.


Assuntos
Fumar Cigarros/epidemiologia , Fumantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Estudos Transversais , Sistemas Eletrônicos de Liberação de Nicotina/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Motivação , Portugal/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Fatores Sexuais , Fumantes/psicologia , Abandono do Hábito de Fumar/psicologia , Espanha/epidemiologia , Tabagismo/epidemiologia , Universidades/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
19.
Curationis ; 43(1): e1-e7, 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32129640

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence-based practice (EBP) plays a key role in improving health outcomes of a country's population; however, the teaching of EBP is often theoretical and inconsistent, resulting in negative attitudes and limited application. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the knowledge, attitudes and application of EBP by nursing students at a school of nursing in Rwanda. METHOD: A total of 82 third- and fourth-year nursing students completed the survey. Univariate statistical analyses were performed to explore the distribution of data. Chi-square tests were utilised to examine the relation between knowledge, attitudes and application of EBP with the year of study. RESULTS: Most students reported being knowledgeable of the steps of EBP, with a range of 84% - 92%. However, 50% reported negative attitudes and only 12% reported daily searches for evidence. The main reported barriers to the application of EBP were lack of knowledge, lack of time and lack of examples or role models. CONCLUSION: Knowledge about EBP does not necessarily positively influence student attitudes. Evidence-based practice should be integrated into the theoretical and practical component of the nursing curriculum to promote the effective application of EBP by nursing students.


Assuntos
Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências/educação , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências/normas , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Adulto , Currículo/normas , Currículo/tendências , Bacharelado em Enfermagem/métodos , Bacharelado em Enfermagem/normas , Bacharelado em Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Ruanda , Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
Curationis ; 43(1): e1-e9, 2020 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32129641

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Medication errors may result in patients' harm and even death. The improvement of nursing students' competence in the administration of medication through education and training can contribute to the reduction of medication errors. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at describing the Bachelor of Nursing students' perceptions about clinical learning opportunities and competence in the administration of oral medication. METHOD: A quantitative descriptive design was employed. An all-inclusive sample of 176 nursing students registered at a university in the Western Cape, South Africa, in 2014 was considered for the study, of whom 125 students consented to participate and completed the questionnaires. Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 22 was used for data analysis and descriptive statistics were conducted. RESULTS: The findings showed that a minority of students did not have opportunities to rotate in all specific types of wards. The findings indicated that a total of 92% (115) and 86.4% (108) of the 125 respondents were placed in medical and surgical wards, respectively, where they more likely had opportunities to practise the administration of oral medication. However, 59.2% (74) did not practise administration of oral medication on a daily basis. Only 19.2% (24) of respondents perceived themselves as competent in the administration of oral medication. CONCLUSION: The findings indicated that many students perceived their education and training as not providing sufficient learning opportunities to practise the administration of oral medication, whilst the majority of respondents perceived themselves as competent in some of the aspects related to the administration of oral medication, and very few perceived themselves as competent overall in the administration of oral medication.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica/normas , Percepção , Preceptoria/normas , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Administração Oral , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Competência Clínica/estatística & dados numéricos , Bacharelado em Enfermagem/métodos , Bacharelado em Enfermagem/normas , Bacharelado em Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Sistemas de Medicação/normas , Sistemas de Medicação/estatística & dados numéricos , Preceptoria/estatística & dados numéricos , Autoeficácia , África do Sul , Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
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