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1.
Belo Horizonte; s.n; 20192803. 59 p. ilus, tab.
Tese em Português | Coleciona SUS | ID: biblio-1016793

RESUMO

Introdução: As avaliações usando tecnologia estão presentes nas escolas em vários países, e seu uso se popularizou nas últimas duas décadas, sendo utilizadas no exame para licença médica nos Estados Unidos desde 1999. O potencial que as avaliações aprimoradas por tecnologia trazem para o mundo acadêmico foi o que motivou a realização deste estudo, e o conhecimento advindo de uma conferência específica sobre essas tecnologias trouxe o incentivo para persistir nessa linha de pesquisa. Método: Este estudo tem por objetivo comparar o estresse, a satisfação e o desempenho dos acadêmicos durante o primeiro semestre de 2018, ao realizarem provas escritas convencionais e provas no computador na disciplina de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia do curso de Medicina da Universidade José do Rosário Vellano, campus Alfenas. Foram avaliadas as turmas do décimo segundo período e sétimo período, totalizando uma amostra de 135 alunos. Tratou-se de um estudo experimental randomizado em que os alunos foram divididos em dois grupos para as avaliações e foram-lhes aplicados questionários pré-definidos e presenciais. Antes da prova, foram entregues aos alunos perguntas específicas para avaliar o estresse envolvido em sua realização. Ao término da prova, foram aplicadas as questões que avaliaram a satisfação com o tipo de prova realizada. Foram ainda registradas as notas obtidas nos dois tipos de avaliação. Cada aluno fez uma avaliação escrita convencional e uma avaliação via computador. Resultados: Os acadêmicos avaliados demonstraram maior estresse e menor satisfação com a prova no computador, comparando-a com a prova escrita convencional. O tipo de prova não esteve associado ao desempenho acadêmico. Conclusão: A falta de familiaridade e treinamento com a metodologia, antes da aplicação das avaliações, causou aumento no estresse nos acadêmicos envolvidos no presente estudo, o que interferiu na satisfação, ao fazer a prova usando tecnologia, embora não tenha havido diferença nos escores de desempenho. As informações coletadas serão utilizadas para reestruturação do formato dos testes oferecidos no departamento de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia da UNIFENAS, campus Alfenas, com o intuito de aprimorar a avaliação teórica que se realiza na Universidade.


Introduction: Evaluations using technology are present in schools in several countries and have become popular in the last two decades and have been used in the United States medical license examination since 1999. The potential that improved technology assessments bring to the academic world motivated the carrying out of this study, and the knowledge from a specific conference on these technologies brought the incentive to persist in this research line. Method: This study aims to compare the stress, satisfaction and performance of academics during the first semester of 2018, when conducting conventional written tests and computer tests in the course of Gynecology and Obstetrics of the medical program of the University of José do Rosário Vellano, Alfenas campus, a total sample of 135 students. It was a randomized experimental study in which the students were divided for the evaluations and pre-defined and class-based questionnaires were applied. Prior to the test, specific questions were given to students to assess the stress involved in their achievement. At the end of the test, the questions were answered to evaluate the satisfaction with the type of the test they took. Each student did a conventional written assessment and a computer assessment. Results: The evaluated students showed greater stress and less satisfaction with the computer-based test compared to the conventional written test, although there was no statistical difference in performance when comparing both. Conclusion: Lack of familiarity and training with the methodology prior to test application resulted an increase in students' stress in the present study, which interfered in the satisfaction with the test using technology, even though there was no difference in the performance scores. The collected information will be used to restructure the format of the tests offered in the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics of UNIFENAS, Campus Alfenas, in order to improve the theoretical evaluation performed at the University.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Educação Médica , Estudantes de Medicina , Computadores , Avaliação Educacional , Desempenho Acadêmico
4.
Georgian Med News ; (294): 77-82, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31687954

RESUMO

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) has become a global problem and is considered an emerging threat to public health worldwide. Aim - to assess knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) regarding antimicrobial resistance and antibiotics among medical students in Georgia. KAP questionnaire containing 50 questions was developed in English and Georgian. Sampling frame consisted of students of the 4th year of the Tbilisi State Medical University (TSMU). Random cluster sampling was used and total number of participants was 212 (31.13% - International Faculty of Medicine, 45.75% - Faculty of Medicine, 23.11% - Faculty of Public Health). Mean age 22.95 (sd=0.52) with almost equal gender distribution. Cross-sectional study was performed. The survey was anonymous and self-administered. Principles of Declaration of Helsinki were followed. Data analysis was done in Stata 14.0. 79.25% think that antibiotics can cure bacterial infections, 57.08% think that antibiotics can not cure viral infections (statistically significant difference by faculties p<0.0001). 34.43% think that bacteria cause common cold and influenza (by gender p=0.01 and by faculties p=0.03). 83.02% have heard of antibiotic resistance (by faculties p<0.0001). 83.96% agree that antibiotics resistance has become a problem. 75.00% agree that the abuse of antibiotics has become the main cause leading to bacterial resistance. 60.38% consider that antibiotic resistance affects them and their family's health. 93.40% agree that it is necessary to get more education about antibiotics. 31.61% of the students in Georgia always and often stop taking antibiotics if they start feeling better. 43.40% never keep the remaining antibiotics. Obtained results are in line with the international findings. There was seen a statistically significant difference between public health and medical faculties (both English and Georgian) in responses on knowledge. In the attitude and practical behaviour sections all three groups provided similar results, only some questions were provided significantly different responses by faculties.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/efeitos adversos , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Estudantes de Medicina , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , República da Geórgia , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
5.
J Emerg Manag ; 17(5): 380-384, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31736044

RESUMO

The authors propose that, through innovative and mutually beneficial partnerships between medical schools and local Emergency Medical Services (EMS) agencies, medical students can help mitigate EMS shortages in areas across the country. These partnerships, which we have seen very early signs of in some places, would create channels by which medical students get their emergency medical technician certifications in the summer before matriculating and volunteer with the agency's ambulance service, either as an extracurricular clinical experience (which are very popular among medical students) or as a way to fulfill clinical or service requirements or earn elective credit. In the attached piece, the authors (1) establish, using data, that a key factor contributing to current and impending EMS shortages is a lack of certified personnel, and (2) propose why and how medical students could provide a novel source of additional volunteers for understaffed public ambulance services, explore some of the benefits and limitations of this proposal, and provide a road-map for how to form partnerships between medical schools and local EMS agencies.


Assuntos
Fortalecimento Institucional , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/organização & administração , Auxiliares de Emergência/provisão & distribução , Estudantes de Medicina , Recursos Humanos , Ambulâncias , Humanos
6.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 311, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692835

RESUMO

Introduction: Problem-based learning (PBL) method which was introduced about 50 years ago in Canada is beginning to gain acceptance over conventional teaching method (CTM) worldwide in medical education but still remains unpopular in Nigeria. This study aims to determine the perception of clinical medical students to the use of both learning methods in pathology courses. Methods: A cross-sectional quantitative survey was conducted in four Nigerian universities drawn from four regions of the country. Data were collected using pretested semi-structured self-administered questionnaires. Results: The study included 310 respondents, 182(58.7%) males and 128(41.3%) females. Of all the participants, 257(82.9%) had heard of PBL prior to the study and 260(83.9%) thought it suitable for teaching and learning Pathology. Majority of participants, 221(71.3%) preferred a combination of both PBL and CTM while 238(76.8%) thought PBL suitable for all medical students. Some identified factors capable of enhancing adaptation of PBL into medical curriculum include conducive quiet spaces for learning and availability of computers with internet facilities for students' use. Conclusion: Participants demonstrated high level of awareness of PBL and thought it suitable for all medical students. Availability of computers and up-to-date libraries with internet and audio-visual facilities could enhance adaptation of PBL into medical curriculum in Nigeria.


Assuntos
Currículo , Educação Médica/métodos , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas/métodos , Estudantes de Medicina/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Internet , Masculino , Nigéria , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
7.
8.
ABCS health sci ; 44(2): 108-113, 11 out 2019. tab, ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1022348

RESUMO

INTRODUÇÃO: Os anos finais do curso de graduação em Medicina estão cercados pelo aumento gradual de responsabilidades acumuladas durante o curso, que por muitas vezes, podem sobrecarregar os estudantes modificando a qualidade de vida dos mesmos. OBJETIVO: Analisar o perfil de qualidade de vida de formandos do curso de Medicina e a sua associação com a dificuldade em conciliar o internato e os estudos. MÉTODOS: A amostra foi formada por 302 estudantes, de ambos os sexos, com média de idade de 25,4 anos, que frequentavam o internato obrigatório do curso de Medicina. Foram investigadas a qualidade de vida por meio do WHOQOL-bref, informações sociodemográficas e características do internato. RESULTADOS: Os scores da qualidade de vida geral (63,52) e domínios Psicológico (73,17) e Físico (73,19) foram os indicadores de qualidade de vida com percepção mais negativa por parte destes estudantes. Da amostra, 29,1% relataram percepção neutra ou negativa destas questões. Os domínios Físico (p=0,004), Psicológico (p=0,008) e Meio ambiente (p=0,026) apresentaram poder preditivo de 15,8% da qualidade de vida geral. Além disso, os estudantes que possuíam dificuldades em conciliar o internato com o estudo tiveram menor qualidade de vida geral (p=0,026) e física (p=0,010). CONCLUSÃO: Os piores indicadores de qualidade de vida foram os domínios Psicológico, Físico e a qualidade de vida geral. Uma parcela da amostra relatou percepção neutra ou negativa de sua qualidade de vida. Alunos com dificuldade em conciliar o internato e os estudos apresentaram percepção mais negativa no domínio Físico e na qualidade de vida geral.


INTRODUCTION: The final years of the undergraduate medical course are surrounded by the gradual increase of responsibilities accumulated during the course, which can often overwhelm students by modifying their quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the quality of life profile of graduates of the medical course and their association with the difficulty in conciliate clerkship and studies. METHODOS: The sample consisted of 302 students, with a mean age of 25.4 years. Were investigated the quality of life through the WHOQOL-bref, sociodemographic information and characteristics of clerkship. RESULTS: The general quality of life (63.52) and the domains Psychological (73.17) and Physical (73.19) were the indicators more negative perception by students. In the sample, 29.1% reported neutral or negative perception of quality of life. The physical (p=0.004), psychological (p=0.008) and environment (p=0.026) were predictive power of 15.8% of the overall quality of life. In addition, it was found that the students who had difficulties in conciliate the clerkship and the study had a lower general quality of life (p=0.026) and physical quality (p=0.010). CONCLUSION: The worst indicators of quality of life were the Psychological, Physical and general quality of life domains. A portion of the sample reported a neutral or negative perception of their quality of life. Students with difficulty to conciliate clerkship and studies show more negative perception in the physical domain and general quality of life.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Qualidade de Vida , Estudantes de Medicina , Educação Médica , Internato e Residência , Educação Superior
10.
11.
Clinics (Sao Paulo) ; 74: e663, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31644664

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a questionnaire to assess the knowledge of mechanical ventilation among final-year medical students in Brazil. METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted between October 2015 and October 2017 involving 554 medical students was carried out to develop a questionnaire for assessing knowledge on mechanical ventilation. Reproducibility was evaluated with the intraclass correlation coefficient, internal consistency was evaluated with Cronbach's alpha, and construct validation was evaluated with a tetrachoric exploratory factor analysis. To compare the means of the competences among the same type of assessment tool, the nonparametric Friedman test was used, and the identification of the differences was obtained with Dunn-Bonferroni tests. RESULTS: The final version of the questionnaire contained 19 questions. The instrument presented a clarity index of 8.94±0.83. The value of the intraclass correlation coefficient was 0.929, and Cronbach's alpha was 0.831. The factor analysis revealed five factors associated with knowledge areas regarding mechanical ventilation. The final score among participants was 24.05%. CONCLUSION: The instrument has a satisfactory clarity index and adequate psychometric properties and can be used to assess the knowledge of mechanical ventilation among final-year medical students in Brazil.


Assuntos
Avaliação Educacional , Medicina de Emergência/educação , Respiração Artificial , Estudantes de Medicina , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adulto , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Medicina de Emergência/normas , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Internato e Residência , Masculino , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
12.
14.
Cent Eur J Public Health ; 27(3): 188-194, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31580552

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Smoking of water pipe (WP) and cigarettes has recently turned into a major global health burden. The present study aimed at assessing WP and cigarette smoking among Zahedan University of Medical Sciences (ZUMS) students in Iran. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on 500 students in ZUMS (182 males, 318 females). The subjects were selected through randomized cluster sampling. Morgan's chart was applied to calculate the sample size; 96.6% of the attendees completed a questionnaire designed to address the aims of the study. RESULTS: The mean age of the subjects was 21.2 ± 2.4 years. WP and cigarette smoker rates were at 31.2% and 15.2%, respectively. The age of smoking initiation ranged between 15 and 20 years. Friends played crucial roles in triggering the smoking in both groups of WP and cigarette smokers (78% and 54%, respectively). The main reasons for WP and cigarette smoking were entertainment followed by curiosity. Furthermore, males used more cigarette (26.5 vs. 8.7%) and WP (50.6 vs. 20.4%) than females. Among father and mother smokers, respectively, 54.2% and 60% of children were also WP smokers (p = 0.001). Also, 21.9% and 60% of children smoking cigarettes had father and mother smokers, respectively (p = 0.05). CONCLUSION: Tobacco use, especially for WP seems to be at alarming rates among medical students in Iran. It is highly recommended to control the progressive prevalence of WP smoking by governmental/academic preventive measures as educational and smoking cessation activities.


Assuntos
Fumar Cigarros , Estudantes de Medicina , Fumar Cachimbo de Água , Adolescente , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico)/epidemiologia , Masculino , Prevalência , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
15.
Harefuah ; 158(10): 643-647, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Hebraico | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31576709

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: During the last decades the dominant paradigm, in which the duration of a rotation/course, the required content to be learnt (the material covered) and a test (usually a multiple choice one) evaluating the knowledge of the content, were paramount, is being replaced by a new paradigm: outcome/competency based medical education (CBME, OBME). In this paper the reasons for adopting this change in the developed world are presented, its nature and basic assumptions enumerated and national examples of its adoption from Scotland, Canada, UK and USA described. We will present in some detail the changes this approach entails, the new definitions it adopts, the learning outcomes it aspires to and how to evaluate them. Finally, we will present a draft outcomes proposal adapted to the Israeli reality. Since the Medicine Deans Forum and the Scientific Council of the Israeli Medical Association have adopted the new paradigm for the training of Israeli physicians, it is an opportune moment to expose the readership of Harefuah (i.e. Israel's physicians and medical students) to this relatively new paradigm.


Assuntos
Educação Médica , Médicos , Estudantes de Medicina , Educação Baseada em Competências , Humanos , Israel
16.
BMJ ; 367: l5237, 2019 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31636054
17.
Br J Anaesth ; 123(6): 887-897, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31591019

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An unintended consequence of medical technologies is loss of personal interactions and humanism between patients and their healthcare providers, leading to depersonalisation of medicine. As humanism is not integrated as part of formal postgraduate anaesthesiology education curricula, our goal was to design, introduce, and evaluate a comprehensive humanism curriculum into anaesthesiology training. METHODS: Subject-matter experts developed and delivered the humanism curriculum, which included interactive workshops, simulation sessions, formal feedback, and patient immersion experience. The effectiveness of the programme was evaluated using pre- and post-curriculum assessments in first-year postgraduate trainee doctors (residents). RESULTS: The anaesthesiology residents reported high satisfaction scores. Pre-/post-Jefferson Scale of Patient Perceptions of Physician Empathy showed an increase in empathy ratings with a median improvement of 12 points (range; P=0.013). After training, patients rated the residents as more empathetic (31 [4] vs 22 [5]; P<0.001; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 7-12) and professional (47 [3] vs 35 [8]; P<0.001; 95% CI: 9-16). Patient overall satisfaction with their anaesthesia provider improved after training (51 [6] vs 37 [10]; P<0.001; 95% CI: 10-18). Patients rated their anxiety lower in the post-training period compared with pretraining (1.8 [2.3] vs 3.6 [1.6]; P=0.001; 95% CI: 0.8-2.9). Patient-reported pain scores decreased after training (2.3 [2.5] vs 3.8 [2.1]; P=0.010; 95% CI: 0.4-2.8). CONCLUSIONS: Implementation of a humanism curriculum during postgraduate anaesthesiology training was well accepted, and can result in increased physician empathy and professionalism. This may improve patient pain, anxiety, and overall satisfaction with perioperative care.


Assuntos
Anestesiologia/educação , Competência Clínica/estatística & dados numéricos , Currículo , Humanismo , Internato e Residência , Satisfação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anestesiologia/métodos , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Empatia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
18.
RECIIS (Online) ; 13(3): 569-577, jul.-set. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1016996

RESUMO

O uso de aplicativos vem crescendo na área da saúde, tornando-se rotina diária na prática dos profissionais e estudantes. Portanto, conhecer benefícios e riscos de seu uso faz-se necessário. O objetivo do estudo aqui apresentado é verificar opiniões e atitudes relatadas por estudantes de medicina a respeito do uso de aplicativos no cotidiano ambulatorial de um hospital-escola. Trata-se de um estudo transversal desenvolvido, em 2017, em Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil, no qual se utilizaram questionários autoaplicáveis presencialmente em uma população de 73 estudantes concluintes do curso de medicina. Os resultados revelaram que a maioria (95,9%) dos estudantes referiram possuir smartphone e 98,6% afirmaram utilizar dispositivos móveis com intuito acadêmico. A finalidade mais comum do uso de aplicativos foi a de consulta de fármacos existentes (93,2%) e quase a totalidade dos estudantes (98,6%) confia nos aplicativos utilizados. Porém, foi questionado se o uso na rotina interfere na relação profissional-paciente. Concluímos que o uso de aplicativos é uma realidade crescente, mas que ainda há discordâncias sobre seus benefícios e malefícios.


The use of applications has been growing in the field of health, becoming a daily routine in the practice of professionals and students. Therefore, knowing the benefits and risks of its use is necessary. The study presented here aims to verify the opinions and attitudes reported by medical students about the use of applications in the outpatient routine in a teaching hospital. It is a cross-sectional study and it was developed in 2017 in Recife, in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil, using a self-administered questionnaire asked by 73 students of the last year of medicine undergraduate degree. The results reveal that the majority (95.9%) of the students reported having a smartphone and 98.6% specified that they use mobile devices for academic purposes. The most common purpose of using applications was to consult existing drugs (93.2%) and almost all students (98.6%) believe that the applications used are reliables. However, there are doubts if routine use interferes with the professional-patient relationship. We concluded that the use of applications is growing, but there are still disagreements about its benefits and harms.


El uso de aplicaciones viene creciendo en el área de la salud y se ha convertido en rutina diaria en la práctica de los profesionales y estudiantes. Por lo tanto, conocer los beneficios y riesgos de su uso se hace necesario. El objetivo del estudio presentado aquí es verificar opiniones y actitudes relatadas por estudiantes de medicina acerca del uso de aplicaciones en el cotidiano del ambulatorio de un hospital escuela. Un estudio transversal ha sido desarrollado en 2017 en Recife, en el estado de Pernambuco, Brasil, utilizando un cuestionario autoaplicable presencialmente en 73 estudiantes del último año de la graduación del grado en medicina. Los resultados mostran que la mayoría (95,9%) de los estudiantes mencionó poseer teléfono inteligente y 98,6% afirmaron utilizar dispositivos movibles con intención académica. La finalidad más común del uso de aplicaciones fue la de consulta de fármacos existentes (93,2%) y casi la totalidad de los estudiantes (98,6%) confía en las aplicaciones utilizadas. Sin embargo, ha sido cuestionado si el uso en la rutina interfiere en la relación profesional-paciente. Nosotros concluimos que el uso de aplicaciones es creciente, pero todavía hay desacuerdos sobre sus beneficios y maleficios.


Assuntos
Humanos , Estudantes de Medicina , Educação Médica , Aplicativos Móveis , Estudo Observacional , Smartphone , Desempenho Acadêmico , Relações Médico-Paciente , Prática Profissional , Pessoal de Saúde , Sistemas de Apoio a Decisões Clínicas , Computadores de Mão , Mídias Sociais
19.
RECIIS (Online) ; 13(3): 594-607, jul.-set. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1021512

RESUMO

A experiência relatada neste artigo envolveu a elaboração e aplicação do ImunoDAI, um jogo de cartas desenvolvido por alunos e professores do curso de Medicina para abordar o conteúdo técnico de vinte Doenças Autoimunes (DAI). As DAI compreendem numerosas doenças com diferentes apresentações clínicas que compartilham uma etiologia complexa, porém comum, representada pela resposta imunológica contra autoantígenos. O ImunoDAI trata-se de um jogo produzido coletivamente que, enquanto recurso pedagógico, possibilitou o trabalho com as DAI por meio da elaboração de quatro cartas contendo informações sobre as principais causas da doença; imunopatogênese; sinais e sintomas; diagnóstico e tratamento. A utilização do jogo facilitou a fixação dos conteúdos e favoreceu o processo de ensino-aprendizagem ao permitir múltiplas interações, promover a aprendizagem dos conteúdos, desenvolver autonomia, criatividade, cooperação mútua, discussões e tomadas de decisões, habilidades indispensáveis aos futuros médicos.


The experience reported in this article involved the development and application of ImmunoDAI, a card game developed by students and professors of the medical course to address the technical content of twenty autoimmune diseases (DAI). The DAI comprise numerous diseases with different clinical presentations that share a complex but common etiology represented by the immune response against autoantigens. The ImunoDAI is a collectively produced game that, as a pedagogical resource, made possible the work with the DAI through the elaboration of four letters containing information about the main causes of the disease; immunopathogenesis; signals and symptoms; diagnosis and treatment. The use of the game facilitated the fixing of contents and favored the teaching-learning process by allowing multiple interactions, promoting content learning, developing autonomy, creativity, cooperation, discussions and decision making, skills that are indispensable for future doctors.


A experiencia relatada en este artículo involucró la elaboración y aplicación del ImunoDAI, un juego de cartas desarrollado por alumnos y profesores del curso de Medicina para abordar el contenido técnico de veinte Enfermedades autoinmunes (DAI). Las DAI comprenden numerosas enfermedades con diferentes presentaciones clínicas que comparten una etiología compleja, pero común, representada por la respuesta inmunológica contra autoantígenos. El ImunoDAI es un juego producido colectivamente que, en cuanto recurso pedagógico, posibilitó el trabajo con las DAI por medio de la elaboración de cuatro cartas conteniendo informaciones sobre las principales causas de la enfermedad; inmunopatogenia; signos y síntomas; diagnóstico y tratamiento. La utilización del juego facilitó la fijación de los contenidos y favoreció el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje al permitir múltiples interacciones, promover el aprendizaje de los contenidos, desarrollar autonomía, creatividad, cooperación, discusiones y tomas de decisiones, habilidades indispensables para los futuros médicos.


Assuntos
Humanos , Jogos e Brinquedos , Doenças Autoimunes , Alergia e Imunologia , Materiais Educativos e de Divulgação , Aprendizagem , Estudantes de Medicina , Ensino , Materiais de Ensino , Universidades , Criatividade , Educação Superior , Tomada de Decisões , Pesquisa Qualitativa
20.
Georgian Med News ; (292-293): 57-65, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31560664

RESUMO

Research objective - justification of efficiency of the comprehensive program with use of projective techniques in prevention auto-destructive behavior of students. Psychodiagnostic testing of individual and psychological features of the personality and an emotional condition of students before holding preventive actions are conducted. 40 students of medical college at the age of 17-20 with signs of disadaptation participated in a research. In work psychodiagnostic tests "the Questionnaire of EPQ", HADS, the questionnaire "SAN", "Hans Schmischek's Questionnaire", M. Zuckerman's technique "A scale of search of thrills" are used. Criterion of efficiency of preventive actions with use of projective techniques was increase in number of examinees with normal indicators of an emotional state due to decrease in number of examinees with manifestations of uneasiness and depressiveness. The last in turn influence indicators of health, activity and mood of students.


Assuntos
Determinação da Personalidade/estatística & dados numéricos , Personalidade , Técnicas Projetivas , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Adolescente , Emoções , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
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