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1.
Pan Afr Med J ; 38: 249, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34104297

RESUMO

Introduction: blood donation (BD) is affected by several factors, among which people's knowledge and attitude are the key determinants. However, the level of knowledge and attitude towards BD in Ethiopia is not yet well studied. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the level and factors associated with knowledge and attitude towards blood donation among health science college students in Southwest Ethiopia. Methods: a cross-sectional study was conducted among 394 health science students from June 1st to 15th 2019. The data were collected using a structured self-administered questionnaire. The data were entered using EPI-data version 4.2.0.0 and analyzed using SPSS version 20. The correlation analysis was done to determine the association between the knowledge sum score and the attitude sum score. A binary logistic regression analysis was done to determine the association between the dependent and independent variables. Results: the proportions of good knowledge and positive attitude towards BD were 69.3%, 95% CI (64.8%-73.4%) and 58.1%, 95% CI (52.3%-63.0%) respectively. The study also found that age ≥23 years (adjusted odds ratio (AOR)=1.67, 95% CI (1.04-2.67)), having a father with primary and secondary school and above (AOR=2.24, 95% CI (1.20-4.17) and AOR=2.26, 95% CI (1.26-4.06) respectively) and ever donated blood (AOR=3.64, 95%CI (2.26-5.85)) were factors associated with good knowledge of blood donation. Being a rural resident (AOR=1.59, 95% CI (1.01-2.40)) and graduating class student (AOR=0.56, 95% CI (0.34-0.96)) were factors associated with a positive attitude towards blood donation. The knowledge-related questions´ sum score value was positively correlated with the attitude-related questions' sum score value (r=0.30, P<0.001). Conclusion: the knowledge and attitude towards BD among the study population are a substantial deficiency. Therefore, more effort is needed to increase the level of knowledge and attitude towards BD by inculcating short training courses for these groups of population in the existing curriculum.


Assuntos
Doadores de Sangue/psicologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Etiópia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
2.
BMJ Open ; 11(6): e049876, 2021 06 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34112645

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To quantify the number of SARS-CoV-2 infections in secondary schools after their reopening in May 2020. DESIGN: Repeated SARS-CoV-2 seroprevalence study after the reopening of schools and 4 months later. SETTING: Secondary school in Dresden, Germany. PARTICIPANTS: 1538 students grades 8-12 and 507 teachers from 13 schools. INTERVENTIONS: Serial blood sampling and SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibody assessment. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURE: Seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies in study population. Number of undetected cases. RESULTS: 1538 students and 507 teachers were initially enrolled, and 1334 students and 445 teachers completed both study visits. The seroprevalence for SARS-CoV-2 antibodies was 0.6% in May/June and the same in September/October. Even in schools with reported COVID-19 cases before the lockdown of 13 March, no clusters could be identified. Of 12 persons with positive serology five had a known history of confirmed COVID-19; 23 out of 24 participants with a household history of COVID-91 were seronegative. CONCLUSIONS: Schools do not play a crucial role in driving the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic in a low-prevalence setting. Transmission in families occurs very infrequently, and the number of unreported cases is low in this age group. These observations do not support school closures as a strategy fighting the pandemic in a low-prevalence setting. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: DRKS00022455.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Instituições Acadêmicas , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos , Estudantes
3.
Cien Saude Colet ; 26(5): 1977-1986, 2021 May.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34076137

RESUMO

The objectives of the study were to assess the prevalence of self-reported visual impairment among undergraduate students between 18 and 39 years of age at the Federal University of Pelotas, and to validate a question about visual impairment in a subsample of the participants. A cross-sectional study was conducted by asking the question "Do you have any difficulty seeing up close and/or in the distance?" As the gold standard for the validation study, visual acuity (VA) was measured using the Snellen chart. Patients with VA less than 20/40 in either eye were considered to have reduced VA. The prevalence of self-reported visual impairment was 37.3% (95% CI: 35.1-39.6) and VA less than 20/40 in either eye was 6.9% (95% CI: 5.3-8.9). The question revealed sensitivity of 71.4% (95 CI: 57.8-82.7), specificity of 66.9% (95% CI: 63.4-70.2), positive predictive value of 13.8% (95% CI: 10.0-18.3), and negative predictive value of 96.9% (95% CI: 95,1-98.2). The results indicated a high prevalence of self-reported visual impairment among university students. The question showed reasonable sensitivity and specificity and high negative predictive value and may be used for screening for ophthalmological evaluation among young adult university students.


Assuntos
Estudantes , Transtornos da Visão , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Prevalência , Autorrelato , Transtornos da Visão/diagnóstico , Transtornos da Visão/epidemiologia , Acuidade Visual , Adulto Jovem
4.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(11)2021 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34070237

RESUMO

Virtual reality (VR) has been widely used as a tool to assist people by letting them learn and simulate situations that are too dangerous and risky to practice in real life, and one of these is road safety training for children. Traditional video- and presentation-based road safety training has average output results as it lacks physical practice and the involvement of children during training, without any practical testing examination to check the learned abilities of a child before their exposure to real-world environments. Therefore, in this paper, we propose a 3D realistic open-ended VR and Kinect sensor-based training setup using the Unity game engine, wherein children are educated and involved in road safety exercises. The proposed system applies the concepts of VR in a game-like setting to let the children learn about traffic rules and practice them in their homes without any risk of being exposed to the outside environment. Thus, with our interactive and immersive training environment, we aim to minimize road accidents involving children and contribute to the generic domain of healthcare. Furthermore, the proposed framework evaluates the overall performance of the students in a virtual environment (VE) to develop their road-awareness skills. To ensure safety, the proposed system has an extra examination layer for children's abilities evaluation, whereby a child is considered fit for real-world practice in cases where they fulfil certain criteria by achieving set scores. To show the robustness and stability of the proposed system, we conduct four types of subjective activities by involving a group of ten students with average grades in their classes. The experimental results show the positive effect of the proposed system in improving the road crossing behavior of the children.


Assuntos
Realidade Virtual , Acidentes , Acidentes de Trânsito/prevenção & controle , Criança , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Estudantes
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34071078

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic forced the population worldwide into lockdown. The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of this measure on the health and comfort of university students and the role that the characteristics of the home may have played. It is essential to differentiate between the terms comfort and health both from the medical and architectural perspectives, as there are differences between the two concepts that are, nonetheless, shared by both disciplines. An online survey was fulfilled by 188 medicine and architecture undergraduate students at the University of Seville, Spain. In terms of health, 89% suffered neuropsychiatric disorders (56% anxiety and 49% depression), 38% gained weight and 59% reported alcohol consumption. In relation to comfort, the majority rated their home positively, comfortable in terms of room temperature and noise at night, and they had a good relationship with cohabitants. However, those who did not have a balcony or terrace would have liked to have open spaces They would have also liked to increase the size of their bedroom, where they spent most of their time and where they studied. A built-up environment gave them a sense of being imprisoned, while those who enjoyed open spaces found a sense of peace. The absence of open spaces in the house, the environment and the impossibility of making the most frequently used spaces more flexible may have had negative impacts on the health and comfort of university students during confinement.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Espanha/epidemiologia , Estudantes , Universidades
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34071535

RESUMO

(1) Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has created a great impact on mental health in society. Considering the little attention paid by scientific studies to either students or university staff during lockdown, the current study has two aims: (a) to analyze the evolution of mental health and (b) to identify predictors of educational/professional experience and online learning/teaching experience. (2) Methods: 1084 university students and 554 staff in total from four different countries (Spain, Colombia, Chile and Nicaragua) participated in the study, affiliated with nine different universities, four of them Spanish and one of which was online. We used an online survey known as LockedDown, which consists of 82 items, analyzed with classical multiple regression analyses and machine learning techniques. (3) Results: Stress level and feelings of anxiety and depression of students and staff either increased or remained over the weeks. A better online learning experience for university students was associated with the age, perception of the experience as beneficial and support of the university. (4) Conclusions: The study has shown evidence of the emotional impact and quality of life for both students and staff. For students, the evolution of feelings of anxiety and depression, as well as the support offered by the university affected the educational experience and online learning. For staff who experienced a positive professional experience, with access to services and products, the quality-of-life levels were maintained.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Educação à Distância , Chile , Colômbia , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Humanos , Nicarágua , Pandemias , Qualidade de Vida , SARS-CoV-2 , Espanha , Estudantes , Universidades
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34072534

RESUMO

Interscholastic youth cross-country mountain bike racing in the United States has grown significantly over the past decade, yet little is known about the risk profile in this age group. Aiming to protect participants, we implemented a prospective, longitudinal injury surveillance system for the purpose of better understanding youth mountain biking injuries and implementing safety measures. Data were collected during competition years 2018-2020, totaling 66,588 student athlete-years. Designated reporters from each team received weekly emails with exposure and incident report forms. Variables analyzed included demographic, rider-related, trail-related, and other data. Injury characteristics during the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 were compared to the years 2018 and 2019. More student athletes participated in the 2020 season (25,261) than in prior seasons (18,575 in 2018 and 22,752 in 2019). During competition year 2020, overall injury proportion was lower (1.7% versus 3.0% in 2018 and 2.7% in 2019). Variables associated with injury, body part injured, type of injury, time-loss, and disposition following injury were similar between all years. Despite the pandemic and resultant changes to competition, student athletes continued to ride their bikes and become injured, but the proportion of injuries differed. This report details injury characteristics in youth mountain bike racing, including a comparison of before and during the pandemic.


Assuntos
Traumatismos em Atletas , COVID-19 , Adolescente , Atletas , Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia , Ciclismo , Humanos , Incidência , Pandemias , Estudos Prospectivos , SARS-CoV-2 , Estudantes , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34073845

RESUMO

The outbreak of coronavirus required adjustment regarding the delivery of interventions. Media literacy interventions are necessary to help people acquire relevant skills to navigate the complexities of media communications, and to encourage health-promoting behaviors. The present study aimed to promote a media literacy intervention regarding performance and appearance enhancement substances use in sports high school students. The COVID-19 contingency allowed us to evaluate whether online sessions can effectively promote greater awareness of media influence, a stronger sense of confidence in persuading others to deal with media messages, and healthier attitudes about PAES use among high school students. The study relied on an "intervention group" comprising 162 students (31.5% female) and a "control group" comprising 158 students (42% female). Data were analyzed through repeated measures of Group X Time MANOVA and ANOVA, demonstrating some degree of efficacy of the media literacy intervention. The "intervention group" reported higher awareness of potential newspapers' influence and a significant increase in their sense of confidence in dealing with media influence compared to the "control group". Findings support the efficacy of online media literacy programs to prevent doping consumption in adolescents.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Letramento em Saúde , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , SARS-CoV-2 , Instituições Acadêmicas , Estudantes
9.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 71(6): 1608-1612, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34111082

RESUMO

Objective: To identify the prevalence and factors related to obesity and fast food consumption among university students. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was conducted at Mutah University, Al-Karak governorate in southern Jordan, from January to April, 2019, and comprised students recruited from different faculties. Data was collected using a structured, validated questionnaire. Height and weight were measured for body mass index calculation. Data was analysed using SPSS 23. RESULTS: Of the 503 students, 278(55.3%) were females. The overall mean age of the sample was 21.62±2.22 years (range: 19-39 years). Fast food consumption was ≥2 times/week for 299(59.4%) students. The prevalence was significantly higher among students spending ≥21 Jordanian dinar per week (p=0.020) and those who were not performing physical exercise (p=0.025). Significant correlations were found between fast food consumption and fried potato (p<0.001), processed meat products (p<0.001), coffee (p=0.006) and candies (p=0.039). No significant relation was found between fast food consumption and body mass index, religion, gender, field of study or living away from family (p>0.05). The most common reason for consumption was shortage of time 115(38.5%); lunch time was the most preferred time 210(70.2%); 97(32.4%) students were willing to read the nutrient information; and 211(70.5%) were interested in choosing healthy meals. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of fast food consumption among university students was found to be high.


Assuntos
Fast Foods , Universidades , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Comportamento Alimentar , Feminino , Humanos , Jordânia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Estudantes , Adulto Jovem
10.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 71(6): 1644-1647, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34111089

RESUMO

Active learning strategies with innovative ways are used in the teaching and learning for the engagement of students in classroom settings. A number of studies talk about the benefits the students have shown while using the active learning methods in their science courses, like Biochemistry, Anatomy and Physiology, Microbiology and Pathophysiology. Active learning helps to retain material, motivate students and to develop thinking skills. In the science courses of nursing education, these are very much in use for developing critical thinking qualities. By applying active learning strategies in science courses of nursing education, one may clearly see how the students get engaged with the content. Some of these activities are interactive simulations, games, small group discussions, videos, blended learning, role-playing, pair share, flipped classroom, mini research projects, formative evaluations, quizzes, hands-on activities, etc.


Assuntos
Bacharelado em Enfermagem , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Humanos , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas , Estudantes , Pensamento
11.
Environ Monit Assess ; 193(7): 412, 2021 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34114120

RESUMO

Arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), mercury (Hg), beryllium (Be), nickel (Ni), selenium (Se), and thallium (Tl) are reportedly notorious toxic contents of make-ups, with potential to cause cancer and chronic kidney disease, warranting investigation on their toxic effects. One hundred female university students were randomly selected as consistent users of make-ups for upward of 3 years. The serum/urine levels of the 8 elements were regressed against the kidney functions (estimated glomerular rate, eGFR) of the subjects. At coefficient of - 0.009, As had insignificant (0.518) level. The coefficient for Cd was - .155 and insignificant (0.423). At coefficient of - 039, Pb level was insignificant (0.595). The coefficient, 0.061, for Hg was insignificant (0.462). At - 1.585, the coefficient of Be was insignificant (0.292). The coefficient for Ni, 1.384, was insignificant (0.354). At - .002, the coefficient of Se was insignificant (0.635). The coefficient, 0.039, for Tl was significant at 5% (0.015). This finding internally validated the mean serum Tl level, 201.4900 ± 20.63316 µg/L, which was much higher than the normal level of < 2 µg/L and within the toxic range of > 200 µg/L. A policy is needed to address the use of make-ups containing Tl.


Assuntos
Arsênio , Mercúrio , Selênio , Oligoelementos , Arsênio/análise , Cádmio/análise , Cádmio/toxicidade , Monitoramento Ambiental , Feminino , Humanos , Mercúrio/análise , Mercúrio/toxicidade , Nigéria , Estudantes , Oligoelementos/análise , Oligoelementos/toxicidade , Universidades
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34067045

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Knowledge of the impact of COVID-19 on the mental health of college students remains limited. Our aim is to investigate the prevalence of anxiety and explore the potential risk and protective factors of anxiety. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was adopted and a total of 24,678 college students were included from Zhengzhou, Henan Province, China, during February, 2020. Anxiety was assessed by using the Generalized Anxiety Disorder tool (GAD-7). Multiple logistic regression models were established for exploring potential factors of anxiety. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of anxiety was 7.3%. After adjusting for potential confounders, sex, place of residence, worried level, fear level, cognitive levels, and behavior status were found to be associated with anxiety (p < 0.05). Students with positive preventive behaviors showed a protective effect against the anxiety symptoms compared to those with negative preventive behaviors. In contrast to the high-cognition category, participants at a low cognitive level were 14.9% more likely to present anxiety symptoms. CONCLUSION: This large-scale study assessed the prevalence of anxiety and its potential influencing factors among college students. It suggests that the government could strengthen health education related to COVID-19 and supervise the performance of preventive behaviors to handle anxiety.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão , Humanos , Prevalência , SARS-CoV-2 , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova ; 121(4. Vyp. 2): 19-23, 2021.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34078855

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify the differences in eating behavior, sleep self-assessment and personality traits in students with extreme chronotypes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Students (n=350), aged 17 to 23 years, with extreme chronotypes (owls/larks) were studied. Eating behavior was assessed with the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ-R18). Evaluation of the condition of the cycle sleep-wakefulness (sleep quality, sleep hygiene, daytime sleepiness) and psychophysiological differences (Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, Spielberger-Khanin anxiety inventory and the Taylor Manifest Anxiety Scale (TMAS); the Stress test) was performed. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Higher neuroticism, psychoticism and anxiety, low resistance to stress, reduced quality and hygiene of sleep with increased daytime sleepiness are found in people with evening preferences in comparison with the morning chronotype. Eating behavior according to TFEQ-R18 is characterized by a lack of cognitive restraint. The results may indicate preclinical health disorders, which are affected by lifestyle factors. The number of alcohol consumers and smokers is two and more than three times higher, respectively, among students with evening chronotype. The changes identified in people with evening chronotype require additional attention to student's health.


Assuntos
Ritmo Circadiano , Autoavaliação (Psicologia) , Comportamento Alimentar , Humanos , Sono , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
Med Probl Perform Art ; 36(2): 88-102, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34079982

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to establish the intra-rater and inter-rater reliability of isometric shoulder strength assessment using a hand-held dynamometer (HHD) in functional joint positions in student circus artists with symptomatic atraumatic shoulder instability. METHODS: Over two testing sessions, two experienced physiotherapists assessed the shoulder strength of 24 student circus artists with clinically diagnosed atraumatic shoulder instability. Both the symptomatic and asymptomatic shoulder was assessed using a HHD in 10 functional positions. Intra-class correlation coefficients (ICCs) were calculated to determine the reliability of strength measurements. RESULTS: All examined positions showed moderate-high intra-rater and inter-rater reliability. External rotation at 0° and internal rotation in horizontal flexion at 45° revealed the most reliable results, and the shrug position the least reliable. Inter-rater and intra-rater reliability was high and demonstrated similar results in symptomatic and asymptomatic shoulders by both raters. DISCUSSION: This study demonstrated clinical applicability in reliably measuring functional strength in symptomatic atraumatic instability or asymptomatic shoulders when assessed by experienced therapists using an HHD.


Assuntos
Instabilidade Articular , Articulação do Ombro , Humanos , Força Muscular , Dinamômetro de Força Muscular , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Ombro , Estudantes
15.
BMC Psychol ; 9(1): 90, 2021 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34078469

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The WHO has raised concerns about the psychological consequences of the current COVID-19 pandemic, negatively affecting health across societies, cultures and age-groups. METHODS: This online survey study investigated mental health, subjective experience, and behaviour (health, learning/teaching) among university students studying in Egypt or Germany shortly after the first pandemic lockdown in May 2020. Psychological assessment included stable personality traits, self-concept and state-like psychological variables related to (a) mental health (depression, anxiety), (b) pandemic threat perception (feelings during the pandemic, perceived difficulties in describing, identifying, expressing emotions), (c) health (e.g., worries about health, bodily symptoms) and behaviour including perceived difficulties in learning. Assessment methods comprised self-report questions, standardized psychological scales, psychological questionnaires, and linguistic self-report measures. Data analysis comprised descriptive analysis of mental health, linguistic analysis of self-concept, personality and feelings, as well as correlational analysis and machine learning. N = 220 (107 women, 112 men, 1 = other) studying in Egypt or Germany provided answers to all psychological questionnaires and survey items. RESULTS: Mean state and trait anxiety scores were significantly above the cut off scores that distinguish between high versus low anxious subjects. Depressive symptoms were reported by 51.82% of the student sample, the mean score was significantly above the screening cut off score for risk of depression. Worries about health (mental and physical health) and perceived difficulties in identifying feelings, and difficulties in learning behaviour relative to before the pandemic were also significant. No negative self-concept was found in the linguistic descriptions of the participants, whereas linguistic descriptions of feelings during the pandemic revealed a negativity bias in emotion perception. Machine learning (exploratory) predicted personality from the self-report data suggesting relations between personality and subjective experience that were not captured by descriptive or correlative data analytics alone. CONCLUSION: Despite small sample sizes, this multimethod survey provides important insight into mental health of university students studying in Egypt or Germany and how they perceived the first COVID-19 pandemic lockdown in May 2020. The results should be continued with larger samples to help develop psychological interventions that support university students across countries and cultures to stay psychologically resilient during the pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Autoavaliação Diagnóstica , Egito/epidemiologia , Emoções , Feminino , Alemanha , Humanos , Linguística , Aprendizado de Máquina , Masculino , Saúde Mental , SARS-CoV-2 , Autorrelato , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34063106

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic has greatly affected the personal and academic lives of undergraduates in Saudi Arabia. Although studies have suggested that COVID-19 increased the prevalence of psychological health problems among undergraduates, the associations between the risk of depression and safety practices and the influence of gender on these associations have not been studied in detail. A cross-sectional online survey was conducted among preparatory-year undergraduates in a large public university in Saudi Arabia during the outbreak. Depressive symptoms were assessed using the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression (CES-D) Scale, and the practice of eight precautionary behaviors was also assessed. Data analysis was performed using the chi-square test, multiple linear regression and Spearman's correlation coefficient. In total, 3044 undergraduates were surveyed. The mean age was 18.6 years (SD = 0.84), and 61.9% (n = 1883) of the participants were female. Overall, 47.7% of the participants reported having elevated depressive symptoms. Overall mean values of CES-D scores were higher among female undergraduates than that of male undergraduates (18.08 versus 15.56, p < 0.01). There were inverse and weak but significant relationships between the CES-D score and frequent cleaning of hands (male: r = -0.116, p < 0.01; female: r = -0.098, p < 0.01), wearing a mask when going out (male: r = -0.172, p < 0.01; female: r = -0.135, p < 0.01), keeping social distance (male: r = -0.117, p < 0.01; female: r = -0.147, p < 0.01), and covering the nose when sneezing (male: r = -0.202, p < 0.01; female: r = -0.115, p < 0.01). Regression analysis indicated that adherence to precautionary measures was a strong predictor of reduction of depressive symptoms in the target population. Male gender was also found to be an independent predictor of reduction of depressive symptoms. Depressive symptoms were highly prevalent in this target group, and female undergraduates seemed to be more vulnerable to developing such symptoms. Results also indicated that female undergraduates were more likely to implement the protective measures for COVID-19. The promotion of precautionary measures seems to be effective in reducing distress in this target population, but further research is needed to confirm our assertions.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Adolescente , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , SARS-CoV-2 , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia , Estudantes
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34063432

RESUMO

This study designed an intervention based on logo-autobiography to reduce Korean college students' stress and depression and help them find meaning in their lives amidst the COVID-19 pandemic. A quasi-experimental design was used to conduct group interventions among college students. A total of 22 and 26 participants were included in the experimental and control groups, respectively. The experimental group received six sessions of a logo-autobiography for college students (LAC). The effects of the LAC interventions were assessed at baseline, post-intervention, and four weeks after the program's end to determine their retention rate. The effects of group, time, and the group-by-time interaction were verified using generalized estimating equations with an autoregressive correlation structure. The experimental group exhibited significantly lower levels of stress and depression and higher levels concerning the meaning of life than the control group. However, only the effects on stress and the meaning of life continued four weeks after the intervention's end. Based on this study's results, LAC can be considered a useful method for reducing stress and depression in college students who have just started their adult life, as well as for aiding them in their pursuit for the meaning of life.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Adulto , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Estudantes
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34069066

RESUMO

Today's COVID-19 situation can affect university Health Sciences students' psychological health. This study aimed to analyze the stress caused by the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on Health Sciences students from the University of Zaragoza (Spain) almost 1 year after the pandemic began. This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted with a sample of 252 university students who completed a self-administered online questionnaire. It evaluated the impact of perceived stress with a modified scale (PSS-10-C), and assessed anxiety and depression on the Goldberg scale. Students presented stress (13.1%), anxiety (71.4%) and depression (81%). Females (81.7%) and the third-year Occupational Therapy students (p = 0.010) reported perceived stress. Nursing students perceived less stress (OR: 0.148; 95% CI: 0.026 to 0.842). University students developed stress and anxiety due to COVID-19 almost 1 year after the pandemic began. Psychological support measures for these groups should be prioritized.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Ansiedade , Estudos Transversais , Depressão , Feminino , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Espanha/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Estudantes , Universidades
19.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 37(6): 569-574, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34060452

RESUMO

Molecular biology theory and technology, as a frontier subject of life sciences, are developing rapidly. As the key link between theory and practice, molecular biology experimental courses play an important role in the cultivation of students' critical thinking and innovation abilities. This paper analyzed the critical issues in experimental teaching by collecting and reflecting on students' feedbacks. With a focus on the Empowerment and Efficiency Oriented Teaching, the study was aimed at improving students' hands-on and thinking ability, and raising the efficacy of education. A series of measures were taken in attempts to renew the setting of teaching content and reconstruct the classroom timing allotment. The reform of the teaching scheme not only significantly increases students' understanding and mastery of knowledge, and empowers students with stronger thinking and learning abilities, but also enhances the teaching efficacy of experimental courses and further improves students' scientific literacy.


Assuntos
Aprendizagem , Estudantes , Humanos , Biologia Molecular
20.
Front Public Health ; 9: 588209, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34109142

RESUMO

Although many studies have addressed the consequences of cyberbullying on mental health in secondary school, there is a lack of research in primary education. Moreover, most students who are cybervictims also suffer from traditional bullying, and studies on cyberbullying do not always control for the effects of the latter. The aim of our study is therefore to address the possible effects of cyberbullying on different aspects of the life and behavior of students in Years 3 to 6 of primary school. The sample consisted of 636 students attending 38 schools, as well as their parents. Children responded to a bullying and a cyberbullying questionnaire (the EBIPQ and ECIPQ, respectively), and their parents responded to three questionnaires: the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), a sociodemographic questionnaire, and one on children's experiences related to bullying and cyberbullying. The results reveal that 14.4% of the children, mostly boys, had suffered at least one online aggression in the previous 2 months. Most of them were also victims of traditional bullying. In this latter group, no differences were found between the SDQ scores reported by cybervictims and those reported by non-cybervictims. In contrast, those cybervictims who were not victims of traditional bullying displayed more difficulties in relation to Conduct problems, Externalizing problems, Home-life impact, and Total difficulties on the SDQ scales. Our results show that cyberbullying affects children's lives as early as primary school, and especially boys, even in children who do not suffer from traditional bullying.


Assuntos
Bullying , Vítimas de Crime , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Instituições Acadêmicas , Estudantes
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