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1.
J Sch Psychol ; 93: 41-62, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35934450

RESUMO

School-based assessments of students' self-reported social-emotional competencies (SECs) are an essential part of social and emotional learning (SEL) initiatives. Few studies, however, have investigated whether such assessments align with the frameworks that inform SEL practices, especially for diverse populations. In the present study we investigated the dimensional structure of the 40-item Washoe County School District Social-Emotional Competency Assessment (WCSD-SECA), which was designed to measure the five domains of SECs defined by the widely used Collaborative for Academic Social and Emotional Learning framework (CASEL 5). Findings showed that a subset of 21 items fit a 3-factor solution that reflected Intrapersonal, Interpersonal, and Emotion-Focused competencies, a structure consistent with previous theorizing of broad SEC constructs. This 3-dimensional structure was partially invariant, with differences especially evident in item thresholds across subpopulations (defined by the intersection of grade level, gender, and race/ethnicity). Accounting for differences in item thresholds increased mean differences among subpopulations in the three domains. Across subpopulations, Intrapersonal scores were positively associated with students' standardized test scores and GPAs, and negatively related to the number of days they were absent from school, in multilevel models that adjusted for school-level clustering and included all three SEC scores and student demographic controls. Interpersonal scores were associated with fewer suspensions. Interpersonal and Emotion-Focused scores demonstrated unexpectedly negative associations with some outcomes in these models. Findings contribute to an emerging body of research that aims to deepen understandings of the content and structure of students' SECs as well as the factors that contribute to growth in these competencies.


Assuntos
Instituições Acadêmicas , Aprendizado Social , Emoções , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Habilidades Sociais , Estudantes/psicologia
2.
Occup Ther Int ; 2022: 6990151, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35936833

RESUMO

At present, the mental health of college students in China is relatively poor. This work is aimed at analyzing the correlation between family parenting style and college students' mental health and providing a realistic basis for improving the mental health level of college students. Firstly, this work detailed the family parenting style, the influencing factors of family parenting style, and the theoretical basis of personality traits. Then, 300 college students in Anhui Province were selected as the research objects who answered the questionnaire on parenting style and the Revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Short for Chinese. Finally, statistical software was used to visually analyze the personality characteristics of college students, the overall situation of mental health, the impact of parents' education on college students' mental health, and the family parenting style of college students. According to the score of anxiety, the top 27% of the research objects are classified as the high-anxiety group, while the bottom 27% are classified as the low-anxiety group. The results show significant gender differences in the psychoticism and neuroticism dimensions of personality traits (P < 0.05). Besides, the educational level of parents has a certain influence on the mental health of college students, and the influence of mothers is even greater. College students feel more rejection, emotional warmth, and overprotection from mothers. Meanwhile, college students with mothers of different educational levels have significant differences in the scores of various dimensions of the mother's rearing style. However, there is no difference in this respect among college students with fathers of different educational levels. The average scores of emotional warmth from parents of the high-anxiety group are significantly lower than those of the low-anxiety group (P < 0.001). Moreover, the high-anxiety group has much lower average scores than the low-anxiety group in severe punishment, overprotection, and rejection of father and excessive interference, severe punishment, and rejection of mother (P < 0.001). There is no significant difference in their average scores of the partiality of father or mother between the high-anxiety group and the low-anxiety group. The results show that the parenting style based on personality traits has an impact on college students' mental health. This signifies that parenting style based on personality traits has an effect on college students' mental health.


Assuntos
Terapia Ocupacional , Poder Familiar , Feminino , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Personalidade , Estudantes/psicologia
3.
Occup Ther Int ; 2022: 8370682, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35912310

RESUMO

The purpose of this paper is to provide a group music therapy intervention for elementary and middle school students with mood disorders through music therapy. To explore the improvement of group music therapy on the dysphoria and state of adolescent patients with mood disorders and to explore the relationship with self-identity. A music activity-based mental health education curriculum was designed based on the results of the current survey, while two homogenous classes were selected as the experimental and control classes; subsequently, the experimental teaching of the music activity-based mental health education curriculum was conducted in the experimental class, and the regular school mental health education curriculum was conducted in the control class, and the pre- and postexperimental scale tests were used to analyze that the curriculum of this study had a positive effect of this study's curriculum on elementary school students' positive emotions analyzed through pre- and postexperimental scale tests. The music activity-based mental health education program had a significant positive effect on the overall level of positive emotions of elementary school students, especially in the positive emotion index, happiness index, mental toughness, goal focus, and interpersonal assistance factor. The positive psychology-oriented music activity-based mental health education curriculum is well suited for elementary and middle school students, especially for upper elementary and middle school students. The music activity-based mental health education curriculum realizes the value of applying positive psychology to mental health education efforts at the elementary school level and flexibly uses a variety of related theories to promote positive emotional experiences for elementary and middle school students.


Assuntos
Emoções , Saúde Mental , Transtornos do Humor/terapia , Musicoterapia , Adolescente , Criança , Currículo , Humanos , Saúde Mental/educação , Terapia Ocupacional , Instituições Acadêmicas , Estudantes/psicologia
4.
PLoS One ; 17(8): e0270824, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35925915

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic is alarmingly a global health catastrophe that has created an unprecedented mental health decline especially in young adults, who have been noted to be a vulnerable population. In this study, we investigated the prevalence of depression and anxiety in university students in China and Africa during the COVID-19 pandemic, the significant factors contributing to the prevalence of anxiety and depression, the differences in factors affecting the different groups being investigated and to emphasize that psychological intervention are as important as the physical interventions during and after the pandemic. The study was conducted through online surveys, with 684 participants using Patient Health Questionnaire-9 and Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 standardized scales. Comparing all groups combined, of the 636 participants, 361 (56.8%) had depression and 227 (35.7%) had anxiety. Chi squared tests at significance level (P<0.05) showed that country of citizenship, religion, parents' educational background, household monthly income and, having family members with COVID-19 variables were strongly associated with depression and anxiety. In contrast, age, gender, educational background, and major showed no significant association. Comparing the individual groups separately using chi square (P<0.05), the Chinese students in China group had 35.6% with depression and 13.1% with anxiety. The variable associated with both depression and anxiety was education major, with depression only was parent's educational background and with anxiety only was gender. The African students in China group had 70.3% with depression and 45.0% with anxiety. Gender was strongly associated with both depression and anxiety, and religion and having family members with COVID-19 with anxiety only. Africans in Africa had 66.0% with depression and 50.5% with anxiety. Educational background was strongly associated with depression. There was no statistically significant variable for anxiety. Chi square test showed a statistically significant difference in depression and anxiety levels with the Chinese group compared to both African groups, and no significant difference between both African groups. Our findings demonstrated that COVID-19 had a negative psychological impact on university students. Therefore, more attention should be put on youth's mental health during this pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Adolescente , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Humanos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Estudantes/psicologia , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
5.
PLoS One ; 17(8): e0272344, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35921378

RESUMO

Promoting mental health addresses a global societal challenge. Nature connectedness, or relatedness to natural systems, is associated with increased well-being and mental health. Among urban populations, nature connectedness has been reported as lower. Nature connectedness in urban settings has been somewhat overlooked by researchers. This cross-sectional online study addressed this issue by identifying socio-demographic predictors of urban nature connectedness among 165 students, aged 20 to 40, from the Technical University of Munich. Analysis of the data from 153 female university students was conducted using ordinal regressions, (a) separately and (b) merged with their 12 male counterparts. A separate gender analysis for males could not be performed, due to sample size limitations. Although access to nature and a considerable nature dose in terms of frequency and duration of nature contact were noted, possibly achieved through the engagement in outdoor activities, urban nature connectedness was rather low. Results showed that urban nature connectedness was negatively predicted by living in a rural area and positively predicted by engagement in outdoor activities and increased hours per week spent in nature. This information can help researchers operationalize the construct of urban nature connectedness. Furthermore, it can aid the development of interventions aimed at promoting urban nature connectedness, by encouraging urban inhabitants to (repeatedly) get in contact with and spend time in provided high-quality urban nature (e.g., during outdoor activities). To draw conclusions about causality, further research is required to identify a clear cause-effect relationship between socio-demographic characteristics and urban nature connectedness. Based on a researched dose-response relationship, a(n) (inter)national recommendation for the duration of nature contact should be established to promote urban nature connectedness and, therewith, health in urban inhabitants. Future research should also investigate further potential individual influencing factors, as well as gender and within/between-country differences among urban inhabitants.


Assuntos
Estudantes , Estudos Transversais , Demografia , Feminino , Alemanha , Humanos , Masculino , Estudantes/psicologia , Universidades
6.
BMC Psychol ; 10(1): 192, 2022 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35922866

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic introduced a global need to explore the potential and challenges of online education. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the presence of depression and anxiety in university students and their level of satisfaction with online learning during the period of social isolation caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. METHOD: A cross-sectional design was used to evaluate 152 online learning students from six different university courses: Medicine, Psychology, Law, Engineering, Physiotherapy, and Business. The evaluation of the participants was carried out through an online survey in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Also, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale was used to assess participants mental health. RESULTS: Most of the participants reported emotional impact, followed by learning impact, financial impact, social impact, and technological impact, with a significant difference in the presence of depressive symptoms, but no significant difference in anxiety. The participants presented moderate anxiety levels, with no significant differences between genders, and mild levels of depressive symptoms with significant differences between genders. Also, younger students were more anxious than older students. In addition, female students with less social contact presented more depressive symtoms. CONCLUSION: From a clinical perspective, the findings provide insights into mental health among university students during the COVID-19 pandemic. These findings may help in the development of effective screening strategies and in the formulation of interventions that improve the mental health of students.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Educação à Distância , Ansiedade/psicologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , SARS-CoV-2 , Estudantes/psicologia , Universidades
7.
BMC Psychiatry ; 22(1): 532, 2022 08 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35931970

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental illness that develops in some people after they have experienced a stunning, scary, or dangerous incident. Due to major disasters like as the Economic Crisis and the Beirut Blast, Lebanese people are struggling with a variety of mental health issues. The study objectives were to find the rate of PTSD and its association with stress, anxiety, depression, financial well-being and coping strategies among university students in Lebanon. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study, conducted between May and August 2021, which enrolled 419 university students from all districts of Lebanon. The PTSD Checklist-Specific Version (PCL-S) was used to evaluate manifestation of PSTD. RESULTS: The results showed that 132 (31.5%), 109 (26.0%) and 169 (40.3%) had PTSD from COVID, Beirut blast and economic crisis respectively. More avoidant coping (Beta = 0.52) and more anxiety (Beta = 0.62) were significantly associated with more PTSD from the Beirut Blast. More avoidant coping (Beta = 0.56), depression (Beta = 0.40) and anxiety (Beta = 0.49) were significantly associated with more PTSD from the economic crisis, whereas more financial wellbeing (Beta = - 0.31) was significantly associated with less PTSD from the economic crisis. CONCLUSION: Significant rates of PTSD were found in our sample of Lebanese university students, whether from the Beirut blast, or from the current economic crisis. Significant correlations of these PTSD rates were found with factors such as avoidant coping, depression, anxiety and financial wellbeing. Such findings must raise the attention to serious mental and psychosocial alteration endured by Lebanese youth that are still under fatal cumulative traumatic events, that were and even may be, intergenerationally and unintentionally transmissible, therefore, affecting not only the present, but also the future of a whole nation.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Adolescente , Estudos Transversais , Recessão Econômica , Humanos , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Estudantes/psicologia , Universidades
8.
Pediatr Clin North Am ; 69(4): 695-707, 2022 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35934494

RESUMO

Across Western countries, approximately 15% to 20% of school-aged children and adolescents have a health-related disorder, with incidence rates of childhood chronic health conditions (CHCs) increasing. This contribution comprehensively reviews disease-level, school-level, and systems-level issues related to effectively supporting children with CHCs succeed from both psychosocial and educational perspectives. This article also delineates training needs as they pertain to graduate preparation and/or professional development to equip school personnel to appropriately address students' needs. The article concludes with recommendations for evidence-based prevention and intervention strategies and potential avenues for interdisciplinary collaboration and models of coordinated care for these medically compromised youth.


Assuntos
Instituições Acadêmicas , Estudantes , Adolescente , Criança , Doença Crônica , Humanos , Estudantes/psicologia
9.
Occup Ther Int ; 2022: 6167197, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35936831

RESUMO

The purpose is to reduce students' psychological pressure and improve their quality of study and life. Here, 400 language-impaired students in the public elective psychology course at Northwestern University and the undergraduate psychology class at Xi'an Foreign Studies University in the 2018-2019 academic year are randomly selected as the research objects for this music psychology experiment. The students were divided into different experimental groups using the Questionnaire Survey (QS) method to analyze the students' psychological reactions to Baroque, classical, and romantic music styles. Then, it further discusses the students' emotional response and audiovisual synaesthesia, as well as their recognition and choice of music style. The results show that there are significant differences in the same emotional response intensity of the subjects to different styles of music creation. The music expression is consistent with the actual feelings of the subjects. The tonality and color density of audiovisual synaesthesia vary with the style of music creation. Different music creation styles generate different associations in students' minds, thus showing different psychological reactions. The QS results indicate that soft and soothing music can relieve students' learning pressure most, while music with a strong sense of rhythm and vitality has no significant effect. Therefore, different music creation styles affect students' learning pressure differently. This work discusses the influence of different music creation styles on the mental health of contemporary college students and provides a reference for music therapy to relieve students' learning pressure in the future.


Assuntos
Música , Terapia Ocupacional , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Saúde Mental , Estudantes/psicologia
10.
PLoS One ; 17(8): e0268821, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35944005

RESUMO

Upon graduation, international students studying abroad often have to decide whether to stay local or return home. We investigate university graduates' mobility from the perspective of social capital theory. An empirical study of mainland Chinese university students' intention to remain in Hong Kong upon completion of their university studies was conducted. An online survey was used to recruit the participants. In total, 155 valid questionnaires were received, with a response rate of 40.8%. Structural capital and relational capital were found to be the important factors affecting mainland Chinese students' intention to stay in a linear manner. Cognitive capital self-moderated the relationship between cognitive capital and intention to stay. Cognitive capital affected the intention to stay in a non-linear way. We make a unique contribution to the field by showing that 1) the effect of cognitive capital is quadratic rather than linear; 2) relational capital is more important to female students than to male students; and 3) structural capital is more important to senior year university degree students than to junior year degree students. The theoretical and managerial implications of these findings are discussed.


Assuntos
Intenção , Estudantes , Feminino , Hong Kong , Humanos , Masculino , Estudantes/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades
11.
J Nepal Health Res Counc ; 20(1): 41-46, 2022 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35945851

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Corona Virus Disease (COVID-19) pandemic has significantly disrupted the regular school-going activities of the students, predominantly increasing internet gaming activities to endure significant stress. Excessive involvement in internet gaming brings deviant behaviour, especially aggression among the students. Hence, this study aimed to assess the internet gaming disorder and aggression among the students on school closure during COVID-19 pandemic in Chitwan, Nepal. METHODS: A web-based cross-sectional survey was conducted among 417 students from secondary and higher secondary level who studied in two private schools of Chitwan district. Sample were selected using simple random sampling technique and structured questionnaire, i.e. Internet gaming disorder scale- short form (IGDS9-SF) and Aggression questionnaire (Buss and Perry, 1992) were used to collect the data via web-based through Google Form. Obtained data were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. RESULTS: Out of 417 students, the mean age was 17 (±1.411) years, 278 (66.7%) were male and 150 (36.0%) were studying in twelve standard. Majority of students 405 (97.1%) were non-disordered gamers whereas only 12 (2.9%) students were disordered gamers. Students' overall aggression score was 57.79% where the verbal aggression score was higher (66.33%) followed by hostility (61.41%) and anger (56.80%). Further significant positive relationship was found between scores on online gaming disorders and aggression (r=0.239). CONCLUSIONS: Internet gaming disorder and aggression are common among the students during COVID-19 pandemic. Therefore, educational institutions and concern authorities need to organize awareness programs and effective psychosocial intervention approaches for students to enhance the knowledge regarding harmful use of internet game, IGD, to cope with stress and aggression as well as to enhance the adoptive behaviour.


Assuntos
Comportamento Aditivo , COVID-19 , Jogos de Vídeo , Adolescente , Agressão/psicologia , Comportamento Aditivo/epidemiologia , Comportamento Aditivo/psicologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Internet , Transtorno de Adição à Internet , Masculino , Nepal/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Instituições Acadêmicas , Estudantes/psicologia , Jogos de Vídeo/psicologia
12.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 1481, 2022 08 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35927650

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This paper describes the protocol for a longitudinal cohort study, "Project SafeSchools" (PSS), which focuses on measuring the effects of COVID-19 and the return to in-person learning on Diné (Navajo) and White Mountain Apache (Apache) youth, parents, and educators. The early surges of the COVID-19 pandemic led to the closure of most reservation and border town schools serving Diné and Apache communities. This study aims to: (1) understand the barriers and facilitators to school re-opening and in-person school attendance from the perspective of multiple stakeholders in Diné and Apache communities; and (2) evaluate the educational, social, emotional, physical, and mental health impacts of returning to in-person learning for caregivers and youth ages 4-16 who reside or work on the Diné Nation and the White Mountain Apache Tribal lands. METHODS: We aim to recruit up to N = 200 primary caregivers of Diné and Apache youth ages 4-16 and up to N = 120 school personnel. In addition, up to n = 120 of these primary caregivers and their children, ages 11-16, will be selected to participate in qualitative interviews to learn more about the effects of the pandemic on their health and wellbeing. Data from caregiver and school personnel participants will be collected in three waves via self-report surveys that measure COVID-19 related behaviors and attitudes, mental health, educational attitudes, and cultural practices and beliefs for both themselves and their child (caregiver participants only). We hypothesize that an individual's engagement with a variety of cultural activities during school closures and as school re-opened will have a protective effect on adult and youth mental health as they return to in-person learning. DISCUSSION: The results of this study will inform the development or implementation of preventative interventions that may help Diné and Apache youth and their families recover from the negative impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, and positively impact their health and wellness.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Adolescente , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Pandemias , Estudos Prospectivos , Instituições Acadêmicas , Estudantes/psicologia
13.
J Environ Public Health ; 2022: 4858156, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35942135

RESUMO

Since the world entered the era of network information, the influence of the Internet has been expanding day by day, and today's college students are deeply affected by the network environment, which has also brought unprecedented challenges to the moral education work of colleges and universities. The rule of law education for college students is a key point for the comprehensive implementation of the strategy of governing the country by law. How to enhance the effectiveness and recognition of the rule of law education for college students has become an important task of higher education. Therefore, strengthening the legal education of college students is not only an inevitable choice to fully implement the rule of law but also a realistic requirement to improve the level of higher education and realize the all-round development of college students. College students' mental health education is an important part of the talent training system of colleges and universities, and in-depth exploration of the ideological and political laws of college students' mental health education courses is an inevitable requirement for implementing the fundamental task of Lide Shuren. College students' mental health education courses must be integrated into the ideological and political concepts of the curriculum, reflect the political orientation of ideological and political work, embody the law of educating people with morality as the first, and embody the practical purpose of psychology to pay attention to personality improvement. It is necessary to optimize the content of education and teaching, excavate the elements of ideological politics in the curriculum, enrich the resources of ideological politics in the curriculum, and explore a new way of reforming the ideological and political education curriculum for college students from the aspects of deeply planting family and national feelings, enhancing political identity, strengthening cultural self-confidence, cultivating Chinese temperament, clarifying the meaning of life, strengthening mission responsibility, enhancing civic awareness, and developing law-abiding habits. Strictly regulate the behavior of contemporary college students in the online environment, give full play to the role of legal education, and reduce the incidence of online incidents such as online fraud and cyber violence. This paper puts forward some problems in the current legal education of college students in China and points out the root causes of these problems. Methods for structural reform and advanced cultural construction based on social development are proposed. From a strategic point of view, it is believed that only by managing the reform of legal education and cultivating civic awareness can we completely solve various contradictions and problems among college students in the network environment and pave the way for the development of college students.


Assuntos
Currículo , Estudantes , China , Educação em Saúde , Humanos , Estudantes/psicologia , Universidades
14.
J Nepal Health Res Counc ; 20(1): 131-137, 2022 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35945865

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With the surge of internet-based smart gadgets worldwide in 21st century the problem of internet addiction is emerging as a major behavioural addiction pandemic of the contemporary era. Excessive Internet use has become significant mental health concerns especially among students. Internet use has many advantages if used in right fashion, it has an enormous amount of negative consequences as well such as depression, attention deficit and so forth. METHODS: Descriptive cross-sectional study was done among 356 undergraduate students of Bharatpur Metropolitan City of Nepal. Multistaged random sampling was applied to select undergraduate students and semi structured self-administered questionnaire along with structured standard Young's tool for Internet Addiction Test was used for collecting information during June 2019 to August 2019. RESULT: Alarmingly High proportions of participants (73%) were found addicted to Internet, where, 48%, 20.5% and4.5% had mild, moderate and severe Internet addiction respectively. Higher prevalence of Internet addiction was observed among those whose father's occupation was 'foreign employment' as compared to agriculture. (AOR?=?2.34, 95% CI 1.02-5.33, p?=?0.04), Failed in the recent exam as compared to Pass in the recent exam. (AOR = 2.81 CI 1.40 - 3.561, and among non-science stream as compared to science stream (AOR?=?3.10, 95%CI 1.81-5.32), p=<0.001) Conclusions: The finding suggests that prevalence of Internet addiction was tremendously high among undergraduate students. There is critical need of awareness programmes targeted to the students as well as parents regarding the negative impacts of unwise Internet use.


Assuntos
Comportamento Aditivo , Transtorno de Adição à Internet , Comportamento Aditivo/epidemiologia , Comportamento Aditivo/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Internet , Nepal/epidemiologia , Estudantes/psicologia
15.
J Environ Public Health ; 2022: 6380719, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35910756

RESUMO

Under the background of network development in the new era, the integration of multimedia technology and information technology promotes the development of teaching environment. Based on the influence of humanistic governance environment, the university network environment and the advertising teaching environment are constantly integrating new elements with the development of the times, becoming the key point to guarantee the teaching quality. In the research, the relevant data and information were collected and analyzed by the methods of inference and induction analysis. According to the sensory parameters of students' cognitive emotions (n = 64, a > 0.847), the standard deviation was 0.810/0.695 and the action was 0.927/0.655. How to construct the university network and advertising teaching environment were explored. And, in view of the design of the environment characteristics as well as the impact on students, the purpose was to ensure that students had a good learning environment, which could improve the learning efficiency.


Assuntos
Publicidade , Aprendizagem , Humanos , Estudantes/psicologia , Universidades
16.
Occup Ther Int ; 2022: 7656782, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35912309

RESUMO

In order to explore the physical exercise and psychological changes of college students, this study adopts the method of multidimensional data mining, taking 23,146 undergraduates from a university in Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, as the research object. On the basis of summarizing and analyzing the previous research literature, this study expounds the development background, current situation, and future challenges of multidimensional data mining technology. This paper introduces the methods and principles of sample selection and multidimensional assessment of the physical and mental depression of college students, analyzes the physical health status of college students, summarizes the psychological changes of college students before and after the intervention, and discusses the relationship between physical exercise and mental health of college students. In addition, this paper analyzes the influencing factors and psychological changes of college students' physical exercise and puts forward suggestions for improving the physical and mental health of college students. The results of this study show that with increasing age, college students have a lower risk of moderate anxiety and mild depression; girls are more prone to mild depression than boys; rural college students are more prone to mild, moderate anxiety; college students with nonmedical backgrounds were more likely to experience moderate anxiety than college students with medical backgrounds. During the intervention control period, continuous connection with others may encourage college students to actively use internal resources to actively cope with obstacles and setbacks, and as a protective factor, psychological resilience can appropriately weaken the association between risk factors in life and anxiety and relieve anxiety. The results of this study can provide a reference for further research on the physical exercise and psychological changes of college students.


Assuntos
Terapia Ocupacional , Mineração de Dados , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudantes/psicologia , Universidades
17.
Occup Ther Int ; 2022: 1255200, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35912311

RESUMO

With the development of society, psychological health becomes a basic standard for a college student to grow into a qualified person. This study is aimed at using data mining principles and methods to excavate the factors that lead to psychological problems of college students, to purposefully carry out psychological interventions, use visual art design methods to promote college students' psychological health treatment, and build a perfect system of college students' psychological treatment. Based on the theories of data mining, we built a data analysis model, elaborated the data preprocessing method, and applied the Apriori algorithm to analyze the data of obsessive-compulsive symptoms and interpersonal sensitivity symptoms, and various psychological problem attributes extracted the strong association rules and analyzed the results. Take advantage of the corresponding unique school environment and educational advantages, to build a set of mental health education methods suitable for modern college students, and truly enable them to obtain satisfactory psychological interventions in a reasonable art design treatment phase. Based on the above association pattern mining results, a series of preprocessing operations were performed on the data, and then, the Apriori algorithm was applied to discover the potential association relationships among 9 psychological dimension factors of college students, and then, the ID3 decision tree algorithm was used to construct a decision tree and pruning process, from which the classification rules of students' psychological problems were analyzed and discovered. These studies provide some practical reference basis for school counseling work.


Assuntos
Terapia Ocupacional , Algoritmos , Árvores de Decisões , Humanos , Psicoterapia , Estudantes/psicologia
18.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 7650948, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35909862

RESUMO

Positive psychology, as a core subject to the study of people's positive power and positive quality, is intended to cultivate positive personality traits and positive emotions, and to promote the development of inspiring creativity, cooperation, and interest. The study of positive psychology provides a new perspective for our research in the field of education. The "New Curriculum Standards for Junior Middle School English" clearly states: "Students can only maintain the inner driving force of English learning and achieve results only if they have positive emotions in English learning. Negative emotions will not only affect the effect of English learning, but also affect students' long-term development. In English teaching, teachers should pay attention to students' emotions from beginning to end, and strive to create a relaxed, democratic, and harmonious teaching atmosphere. Therefore, how to infiltrate the theory of positive psychology into the frontline English teaching of junior high school becomes especially important. With the advancement of science and technology and the advent of the Internet era, various high-tech information technologies have gradually flourished, and the rapid development of information technology has promoted the reform and innovation of the teaching industry. Wearable technology is the current trend and direction of the information technology revolution. It realizes the interconnection and deep integration of people, machines and objects through the functions of collecting, sorting and analyzing mobile Internet and cloud data. The realization of wearable technology-based wearable technology not only can highly integrate educational resources, improve learning interest, but also enhance the pertinence of teaching, cultivate students' creativity, and realize personalized teaching in "full time, all-round, all fields." This article explores the integration of wearable devices and junior high school English teaching in the context of positive psychology. First of all, this paper introduces the theoretical basis of the integration of wearable devices with English teaching. Secondly, it introduces the research methods of this paper. Finally, through questionnaires and experimental comparison analysis, it tests the interest of students in learning through the auxiliary teaching of wearable devices, and whether the academic performance has a positive effect.


Assuntos
Psicologia Positiva , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Currículo , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Estudantes/psicologia , Ensino
19.
J Sch Psychol ; 93: 79-97, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35934452

RESUMO

High quality teacher-student interactions are critical for the healthy social-emotional, behavioral, and academic development of middle school students. However, few studies have explored patterns of teacher-student interactions in middle school classrooms or the relation between teacher-, classroom-, and school-level factors and patterns of interaction. The current study employed latent profile analyses (LPA) to identify patterns of teacher-student interactional quality in a sample of 334 teachers from 41 schools serving middle school students within the Mid-Atlantic region of the U.S. Three distinct profiles of teacher-student interactional quality were identified that were characteristic of higher, lower, and intermediate quality and were differentially related to teacher, classroom, and school characteristics. Compared to classrooms with lower interactional quality, classrooms with "higher" or "intermediate" profiles were more likely to be taught by early career teachers, to have higher rates of observed student cooperation, and to be in schools in rural fringe areas. Classrooms with lower interactional quality were more likely to have larger student-to-teacher ratios and higher rates of student disruptive behaviors than classrooms with intermediate interactional quality and to be in schools with a higher percentage of out-of-school suspensions than classrooms with higher interactional quality. These findings suggest that interventions at the teacher, classroom, and school levels may promote positive teacher-student interactions, such as consultation to support teachers' effective classroom management, alternatives to out-of-school suspensions, and smaller student-to-teacher ratios.


Assuntos
Relações Interpessoais , Professores Escolares , Estudantes , Humanos , Professores Escolares/psicologia , Instituições Acadêmicas/organização & administração , Instituições Acadêmicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes/psicologia , Estados Unidos
20.
Front Public Health ; 10: 936988, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35937228

RESUMO

Background: More and more attention has been paid to the mental health of students in higher education. The Omicron outbreak has brought renewed attention to this vulnerable group. Objective: To understand the prevalence and influencing factors of anxiety symptoms and depression symptoms of college students in a closed state. Methods: This large cross-sectional study using data from a survey on the mental health of college students in Shanghai (China), conducted by using a stratified cluster random sampling method between March 15th and April 15th, 2022. To estimate results related to regional location, only data from students with Internet protocol addresses and current addresses in Shanghai were included. The main outcome was self-reported psychological distress (including depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms, and self-assessment of health), measured using the epidemiologic studies depression scale (CES-D), the Spielberger state-trait anxiety inventory (STAI) and self-rated mental health (SRMH), respectively. Moreover, the Simplified Coping Style Scale (SCSS) was also used to assess how participants coped with negative emotions. Results: Among 13,000 college students who completed the survey, 12,124 students were included in the final analysis, and the total effective rate was 93.3%. The prevalence of depressive symptoms and anxiety symptoms were 14.1 and 9.8%, respectively. By using Multivariate logistics regression analysis, we found that being male and negative coping were risk factors for depressive symptoms and anxiety symptoms, while positive coping, such as study or learning, were protective factors. Moreover, linear regression analysis showed that learning or study improved the overall mental health index by improving anxiety or depressive symptoms, and played a partial mediating role. Conclusions: These findings suggest that a significant number of college students, especially boys, will experience emotional problems during the course of closed schools. Therefore, we need to give them proper attention and advise them to adopt positive coping strategies, such as learning or study, to resist bad emotions.


Assuntos
Depressão , Angústia Psicológica , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Surtos de Doenças , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Autorrelato , Estudantes/psicologia
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