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1.
An. psicol ; 37(2): 243-252, mayo-sept. 2021. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-202548

RESUMO

El estudio de la resiliencia como recuperación del estrés se ha extendido, y se requiere dar cuenta del desarrollo y las propiedades psicométricas de las escalas que permiten utilizarla. El objetivo fue adaptar transculturalmente la Brief Resilience Scale (BRS) y evaluar sus propiedades psicométricas en población joven chilena. Participaron en el año 2016, tres traductores, y 1,237 estudiantes de 18 a 24 años de una universidad de la zona Central de Chile, 60.8% mujeres y 39.2% hombres. Se consiguió la equivalencia lingüística y conceptual después de una doble traducción, retro traducción y de realizar las entrevistas cognitivas con la población diana. Se observaron dificultades en el ítem 2. Del Análisis Factorial Exploratorio surgieron dos factores. Los índices de ajuste del Análisis Factorial Confirmatorio fueron adecuados: χ2 = 9.256(6), p = .160; CFI = .995; TLI = .988; RMSEA = .035, IC 90% [.000, .076]. El omega total .81. La estabilidad por ítem fue moderada y para la puntuación total, elevada. Las medias en general fueron menores en mujeres, pero similares entre grupos de edad. Hubo evidencia de validez concurrente y convergente. La versión chilena de la BRS puede ser útil para medir la resiliencia en jóvenes chilenos


The study of resilience as recovery from stress has been extended, and it is necessary to account for the development and psychometric properties of the scales that allow it to be used. The aim was to report on the cross-cultural adaptation process and psychometric properties of the Brief Resilience Scale (BRS) in young Chilean population. In 2016, three translators, and 1,237 students between 18 and 24 years old from a university in the Fifth Region of Chile participated. Linguistic and conceptual equivalence was achieved after carried out a double translation, back-translation and cognitive interviews with the target population. Difficulties were observed in item 2. From the Exploratory Factor Analysis, two factors emerged. In the Confirmatory Factorial Analysis, the fit indexes were suitable: χ2 = 9.256(6), p = .160; CFI = .995; TLI = .988; RMSEA = .035 IC 90% .000, .076. Total omega was .81. The stability per item was moderate; and high for the total score. Means were generally lower in women than in men but similar among age groups. It has evidence for concurrent and convergent validity. The BRS Chilean version might be useful for measuring resilience in young Chileans


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Comparação Transcultural , Resiliência Psicológica , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Psicometria , Análise Fatorial , Fatores Sexuais , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Escala de Avaliação Comportamental , Traduções , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Chile , Estudantes/psicologia
2.
An. psicol ; 37(2): 311-322, mayo-sept. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-202554

RESUMO

Desde la teoría del liderazgo transformacional, este estudio tenía como objetivo analizar las propiedades psicométricas de una versión adaptada al ámbito educativo del Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ-5X). Un total de 1551 estudiantes españoles (M = 15,47 años ± 0,72; 679 chicos y 872 chicas) de 31 centros de enseñanza secundaria participaron en el estudio. El análisis factorial confirmatorio de la estructura inicial de nueve factores de la escala determinó la necesidad de eliminar dos ítems del factor dirección por excepción pasiva, agrupando en un solo factor el liderazgo pasivo. En un segundo modelo de ocho factores, se hallaron altas correlaciones entre los factores del liderazgo transformacional, señalando la necesidad de establecer un factor de primer orden. Finalmente, se testó un tercer modelo que obtuvo valores adecuados de validez y fiabilidad, que estaba compuesto por 34 ítems distribuidos en 4 factores principales (liderazgo transformacional, recompensa contingente, dirección por excepción activa y liderazgo pasivo) y 5 factores secundarios para el liderazgo transformacional (influencia idealizada conducta, influencia idealizada atribuida, motivación inspiracional, estimulación intelectual y consideración individualizada. Por tanto, la versión española del MLQ-5X en el ámbito educativo puede ser utilizada para evaluar el liderazgo transformacional de los docentes desde la percepción del alumnado


Drawing on the transformational leadership theory, this study aimed to analyze the psychometric properties of a version adapted to the educational environment of the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ-5X). A total of 1551 Spanish students (M = 15.47 years ± 0.72; 679 boys and 872 girls) from 31 secondary schools participated in the study. The confirmatory factor analysis of the initial nine-factor structure of the scale determined the need to eliminate two items of the passive exception management factor, grouping passive leadership into a single factor. A second eight-factor model found high correlations between the factors of transformational leadership, revealing the need to establish a first-order factor. Finally, a third model, which obtained adequate values of validity and reliability, was composed of 34 items distributed in 4 main factors (transformational leadership, contingent reward, leadership by active exception, and passive leadership) and 5 secondary factors for transformational leadership (idealized influence behavior, attributed idealized influence, inspirational motivation, intellectual stimulation, and individualized consideration). The Spanish version of the MLQ-5X in the educational field can be used to assess the students' perception of teacher leadership


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Liderança , Estudantes/psicologia , Ensino Fundamental e Médio , Análise Fatorial , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores Sexuais , Espanha
3.
An. psicol ; 37(2): 352-360, mayo-sept. 2021.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-202558

RESUMO

El presente estudio bibliométrico tuvo como objetivo conocer y analizar la actividad científica disponible sobre percepción y detección de violencia de género (VG) e identificación como víctimas. Se realizó una búsqueda sin límite temporal en la base de datos Scopus hallando 2.152 documentos. Para reducir el ruido documental de la búsqueda, se cribaron los resultados y se analizaron 974 documentos finales procedentes de 465 fuentes documentales, 160 revistas, 2.758 autores/as, 159 instituciones y 79 países. Los resultados muestran un aumento en la producción en los últimos años, destacando la publicación de artículos originales. Asimismo, predomina la autoría única por país, siendo Estados Unidos el país puntero. Entre los objetivos de los documentos más citados se encuentra la detección de VG por el personal sanitario, la valoración del riesgo de reincidencia mediante la percepción de las víctimas, así como el estudio de percepciones y actitudes de diferentes actores hacia la VG


This bibliometric study seeks to know and analyse the available scientific activity on the perception and detection of gender violence as well as in the identification as victims. An unlimited search was conducted in the Scopus database, finding 2,152 documents. Subsequently, the results were screened by reducing the documentary noise. The results were obtained from 1984-2020 and the final 974 documents were analysed from 465 documentary sources, 160 journals, 2,758 authors, 159 institutions, and 79 countries. The results show an increase in production in recent years, highlighting the publication of original articles. Likewise, the single author-ship per country predominates, being the United States the leading country. The main objectives of the most cited documents are detection of gender violence by healthcare personnel, assessment of the risk of recidivism through the perception of the victims, as well as the study of perceptions and attitudes of different actors towards gender-violence


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Liderança , Estudantes/psicologia , Aspirações Psicológicas , Engajamento no Trabalho , Identidade de Gênero , Fatores Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Autoavaliação (Psicologia) , Análise Fatorial
4.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 70(26): 953-958, 2021 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34197363

RESUMO

In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, schools across the United States began transitioning to virtual learning during spring 2020. However, schools' learning modes varied during the 2020-21 school year across states as schools transitioned at differing times back to in-person learning, in part reflecting updated CDC guidance. Reduced access to in-person learning is associated with poorer learning outcomes and adverse mental health and behavioral effects in children (1-3). Data on the learning modes available in 1,200 U.S. public school districts (representing 46% of kindergarten through grade 12 [K-12] public school enrollment) from all 50 states and the District of Columbia during September 2020-April 2021 were matched with National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) demographic data. Learning mode access was assessed for K-12 students during the COVID-19 pandemic, over time and by student race/ethnicity, geography, and grade level group. Across all assessed racial/ethnic groups, prevalence of virtual-only learning showed more variability during September-December 2020 but declined steadily from January to April 2021. During January-April 2021, access to full-time in-person learning for non-Hispanic White students increased by 36.6 percentage points (from 38.0% to 74.6%), compared with 31.1 percentage points for non-Hispanic Black students (from 32.3% to 63.4%), 23.0 percentage points for Hispanic students (from 35.9% to 58.9%) and 30.6 percentage points for students of other races/ethnicities (from 26.3% to 56.9%). In January 2021, 39% of students in grades K-5 had access to full-time in-person learning compared with 33% of students in grades 6-8 and 30% of students in grades 9-12. Disparities in full-time in-person learning by race/ethnicity existed across school levels and by geographic region and state. These disparities underscore the importance of prioritizing equitable access to this learning mode for the 2021-22 school year. To increase equitable access to full-time in-person learning for the 2021-22 school year, school leaders should focus on providing safety-optimized in-person learning options across grade levels. CDC's K-12 operational strategy presents a pathway for schools to safely provide in-person learning through implementing recommended prevention strategies, increasing vaccination rates for teachers and older students with a focus on vaccine equity, and reducing community transmission (4).


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Educação/métodos , Educação/organização & administração , Aprendizagem , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Criança , Grupos de Populações Continentais/psicologia , Grupos de Populações Continentais/estatística & dados numéricos , Escolaridade , Grupos Étnicos/psicologia , Grupos Étnicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Geografia , Humanos , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
6.
Nutrients ; 13(6)2021 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34199833

RESUMO

During COVID-19 restrictions in spring 2020, college students experienced closed dormitories and increased unemployment and many students moved in with their families. College students were vulnerable to food insecurity pre-pandemic and this study examined how the living situations and food security status changed for Midwestern university students due to COVID-19 restrictions. An email survey administered to Iowa State University students between the ages of 18 and 30 who physically attended campus prior to its closure produced 1434 responses. Students living with a parent or guardian increased by 44% and were less likely to experience food insecurity or less likely to work. They had lower stress and ate more home-cooked meals. Students living on their own had higher rates of food insecurity, greater stress, poorer health status, higher cooking self-efficacy, and worked more hours. Seventeen percent of all students were food insecure; related factors were non-White ethnicity, lower cooking self-efficacy, undergraduate status, receipt of financial aid, employment, stress, living in the same situation as before the campus closure, and consumption of more take-out or fast food. These individuals had more barriers to food access. Knowledge of these factors provide useful information to inform future support services for this population in similar conditions.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Segurança Alimentar , Pandemias , Características de Residência , Estudantes , Universidades , Adolescente , Adulto , Culinária , Estudos Transversais , Emprego , Família , Fast Foods , Comportamento Alimentar , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Meio-Oeste dos Estados Unidos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estresse Psicológico , Estudantes/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(27): e26442, 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34232176

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Chronic diarrhea and constipation are common in adolescents and are associated with depression and anxiety. However, the association was not reported in adolescents adjusted for other psychological factors (resilience, personality traits, perceived stress, and suicidal ideation). Therefore, we investigated the significant psychological factors predicting chronic diarrhea and constipation in adjusted individuals for co-variables.A total of 819 Korean high school students who completed bowel health and psychological questionnaires were enrolled in this study. Depression and anxiety were assessed using validated questionnaires. We used multivariate analyses, controlling for demographic, dietary, lifestyle, and psychological variables to predict chronic diarrhea and constipation.Chronic diarrhea and constipation were more common in individuals with depression (22.3% and 18.6%, respectively) than in individuals with no depression (7.0% and 10.9%, respectively). In addition, they were more prevalent in individuals with anxiety (24.5% and 18.6%, respectively) than in individuals with no anxiety (9.1% and 12.7%, respectively). Multivariate analyses showed that resilience (adjusted risk ratio [aRR] = 0.98, adjusted 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.97-0.99), moderate (aRR = 6.77, adjusted 95% CI = 3.55-12.91), and severe depression (aRR = 7.42, adjusted 95% CI = 3.61-15.27) were associated with chronic diarrhea. Only mild depression was associated with chronic constipation (aRR = 2.14, adjusted 95% CI = 1.36-3.38). However, anxiety was not significantly associated with chronic diarrhea or constipation.Among the psychological factors predicting disordered bowel habits, resilience and moderate and severe depression were significant predictors of chronic diarrhea, but not anxiety. Furthermore, only mild depression was an independent predictor of chronic constipation.


Assuntos
Constipação Intestinal/psicologia , Defecação/fisiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Diarreia/psicologia , Instituições Acadêmicas , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Constipação Intestinal/complicações , Constipação Intestinal/epidemiologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/etiologia , Diarreia/complicações , Diarreia/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
J Basic Clin Physiol Pharmacol ; 32(4): 681-686, 2021 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34214368

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Pakistan has taken unprecedented measures to control the spread of COVID-19. Complete lockdown followed by smart lockdown and quarantine centres was established. Their awareness and attitude towards COVID-19 had an impact on the individual behaviour of the precautionary measures. The current study examined the knowledge, attitudes and practices of university students in Pakistan. METHODS: An online cross-sectional study was conducted among university students in Pakistan. A questionnaire containing demographic and KAP information related to COVID-19 has been created. RESULTS: A total of 358 students responded to the survey, and 353 participants completed the study. Among the respondents, 61.5% were male, 76.8% were single, and 58.4% enrolled in a bachelor's degree. The results showed that most of the respondents (68%) had good knowledge about COVID-19, while the overall knowledge score was 8.78 ± 1.63 (range 1-10). The majority of the respondents (90.9%) were aware of COVID-19, 95.8% knew the sign and symptoms, and 83% of them knew about its transmission. We found a significant difference in knowledge scores across education and area of study p<0.05. More than half (53.5%) of the respondents were satisfied with the facilities provided by the government of Pakistan. The average practices score among the students was 5.08 ± 1.312. A significant difference was found among practice score and area of study p<0.05. CONCLUSIONS: Most of the students have an adequate level of knowledge and are doing better preventive measures against COVID-19. Health education initiatives are required to ensure best practice among the high-risk groups.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Educação em Saúde , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Letramento em Saúde , Estudantes/psicologia , Universidades , Adolescente , Adulto , COVID-19/complicações , COVID-19/diagnóstico , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , COVID-19/transmissão , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Paquistão , Adulto Jovem
9.
Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw ; 24(7): 488-492, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34197216

RESUMO

Research on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on communication on Tinder is presented in this article. This research examines reported changes in communication about sex and health during COVID-19 and the potential implications of those changes on hookup culture and sexual health communication beyond the pandemic. Data from 29 in-depth qualitative interviews with 20 female and 9 male college students are reported. Results include discussion of how college students are managing uncertainty, particularly uncertainty about health status, changes in communication and information-seeking strategies, different COVID-19 safety measures they have employed, and the future impact on communication about sexual health post-COVID-19. Participants in this study use uncertainty reduction communication strategies to gauge whether the risks of remaining on Tinder or meeting in person are worth the benefit. Results show that the quality and quantity of communication around first time in-person meetings have been modified, as the traditional public spaces for meeting have been reduced or eliminated and replaced by private spaces. Participants stated that they communicate more frequently and more directly about health, sexual health, and infection transmission. Finally, results indicate that participants have a strong desire to be more cautious and cognizant of health and safety in the future by using some of the communication strategies they developed during COVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19/psicologia , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Saúde Sexual , Estudantes/psicologia , Incerteza , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Negociação , Adulto Jovem
11.
Environ Health Prev Med ; 26(1): 73, 2021 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34273939

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Childhood adversities pose deleterious consequences on health and well-being, but limited studies explore whether unique patterns of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) impact the mental health of emerging adults and the mediating role of current stressful events (CSEs). This study examined classes of ACEs and how they relate to CSEs, psychological distress, and subjective well-being among Eritrean College undergraduates. METHODS: Cross-sectional data on ACEs, CSEs, symptoms of psychological distress, and subjective well-being were collected from a national sample of college students (N = 507). We identified ACE patterns using latent class analysis and further examined whether CSEs mediated the effects of ACE classes on psychological distress and subjective well-being. RESULTS: 86.4% of the sample experienced at least one ACE. Collective violence, domestic violence, and physical abuse were the most common ACEs. Three subgroups, low ACEs (66.3%), household violence (19.1%), and multiple ACEs (14.6%) were identified. We found that relative to low ACEs, household violence (ß = 0.142, 95% CI 0.046, 0.248) and multiple ACEs (ß = 0.501, 95% CI 0.357, 0.666) indirectly influenced psychological distress through CSEs, and CSEs mediated the relationships between household violence (ß = -0.096, 95% CI -0.176, -0.033), multiple ACEs (ß = -0.338, 95% CI -0.498, -0.210), and subjective well-being. However, there were nonsignificant relative direct effects of ACE patterns on both psychological distress and subjective well-being. CONCLUSIONS: Experiencing multiple ACEs and household violence in conjunction with CSEs significantly predict psychological distress and subjective well-being. Contextual interventions for the early identification of ACEs and the management of CSEs may play a crucial role in the prevention of mental health problems.


Assuntos
Experiências Adversas da Infância/psicologia , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Experiências Adversas da Infância/classificação , Experiências Adversas da Infância/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Análise de Classes Latentes , Masculino , Modelos Psicológicos , Prevalência , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
12.
Nutrients ; 13(7)2021 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34209874

RESUMO

Breakfast is considered one of the crucial elements of a healthy diet. Most studies evaluate breakfast consumption with the risk of obesity and other health effects. Less attention is paid to the evaluation of breakfast composition and patterns. Thus, this study aimed to describe the most frequently observed breakfast patterns and to assess breakfast composition and quality in a group of Polish early school-age children. The cross-sectional survey study was conducted in school years 2017/2018 and 2018/2019. Information regarding breakfast was obtained with the use of an original paper-based weekly observation diary, and breakfast quality was assessed with a special scoring designed to be used together with the diary. In total, 223 schoolchildren of the second and third grades participated in the study, and 200 diaries were analyzed. More than ¾ of the participants consumed breakfast every day. Nearly 68% of meals were classified as well balanced, but only 16.5% of children eat a well-balanced breakfast every day. The number of children who usually (≥5 times per week) eat a sandwich for breakfast was 94 (47%), and that of those who habitually eat cereal and milk or porridge was 29 (14.5%). Only 7% of children consumed fruit or vegetables for breakfast daily, and 26.5% never eat fruit or vegetables for breakfast. Concluding, most children eat breakfast regularly, but the meal composition and quality might be improved.


Assuntos
Desjejum , Dieta/estatística & dados numéricos , Comportamento Alimentar , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Dieta/psicologia , Registros de Dieta , Inquéritos sobre Dietas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Valor Nutritivo , Polônia , Estudantes/psicologia
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(23): e26177, 2021 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34114999

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rational emotive education (REE) program aims to improve the behavioral and mental health of students. This study objective was to evaluate the effect of an REE program on stress among undergraduate students of religious education program in Nigerian Universities. METHOD: One hundred and fifty (150) religious education undergraduates who had high level of stress participated in the study. Participants were assigned to 2 different groups. The treatment group had 75 participants and while control group also had 75 participants. Data collection was done using the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10) while data analysis was done using independent sample t test and paired t test statistics at .05 probability level. RESULTS: The REE program resulted in a significant decrease in level of stress among undergraduate students of religious education program in the treatment group compared with those students in the control group. Also, the effect of the REE program was maintained during the follow-up among undergraduate students of religious education program exposed to it. CONCLUSION: The REE program can be used to assist undergraduate students of religious education program to manage their stress.


Assuntos
Educação/métodos , Religião , Estresse Psicológico/terapia , Estudantes/psicologia , Ensino/normas , Educação/normas , Educação/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Nigéria , Psicometria/instrumentação , Psicometria/métodos , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Ensino/psicologia , Ensino/estatística & dados numéricos
14.
J Health Commun ; 26(4): 264-271, 2021 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34086533

RESUMO

This study was conducted to determine the impact of perceived threat and efficacy on college students' social-distancing behavior during COVID-19 pandemic. Guided by the extended parallel process model (EPPM), this longitudinal study included 164 participants who completed a survey at two points in time. Results were consistent with previous theory and research for all danger control hypotheses (i.e., perceived threat predicted fear, fear and self-efficacy predicted intention, and intention predicted future behavior). For fear control, however, results were inconsistent with EPPM predictions, but consistent with previous research (i.e., fear was either unrelated or inversely related to fear control, and efficacy was inversely related to fear control). Overall, the EPPM constructs explained 69% of the variance in intention, 64% of the variance in behavior, 55% of the variance in defensive avoidance, and 20% of the variance in message derogation. The theoretical and practical insights and implications of these findings are discussed.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Distanciamento Físico , Autoeficácia , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Medo , Feminino , Humanos , Intenção , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , SARS-CoV-2 , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
15.
Nutrients ; 13(5)2021 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34070053

RESUMO

In this study, a school nutrition program (SNP) that incorporates nutrition education and a healthy school canteen environment was developed to improve nutrition knowledge among intervention respondents and provide a healthier environment for them to practice healthy eating. In the current study, we evaluated the impacts of the SNP on eating behaviors, physical activity, body mass index-for-age (BAZ), and cognitive performance at pre-intervention, post-intervention, and 3-month follow-up points between intervention and comparison groups. This intervention study involved 523 primary school children (7-11 years old) from six selected schools in Batu Pahat District, Malaysia. Each respondent completed anthropometric and cognitive performance assessments and a set of standardized questionnaire at pre-intervention, post-intervention, and 3-month follow-up points. Multiple linear mixed model analysis was performed to determine the impacts of that SNP after being adjusted for covariates. After the program, the intervention group increased their frequency of breakfast, lunch, and dinner consumption and morning tea snacking and showed more frequent physical activity and better cognitive performance as compared to the comparison group overtime (p < 0.05). At 3-month follow-up, the intervention group showed lower BAZ scores than their comparison counterparts (p < 0.05). The SNP showed positive effects on eating behaviors, physical activity, BAZ, and cognitive performance in school children. Hence, the SNP is highly recommended for all primary school children.


Assuntos
Dieta Saudável/psicologia , Educação em Saúde/métodos , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Serviços de Saúde Escolar , Estudantes/psicologia , Desempenho Acadêmico/psicologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Criança , Exercício Físico/psicologia , Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia , Feminino , Serviços de Alimentação , Humanos , Malásia , Masculino , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Instituições Acadêmicas
16.
J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad ; 33(2): 231-235, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34137535

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Relational aggression stresses on the application of one's link to interfere the someone else relationships. Narcissism is manifest by heavenliness, a feeling of being advantaged, and a nonappearance of compassion while psychopathy is a personality issue that is about reduced regret, debilitated sympathy, and critical reserved behaviours. Present study was designed to assess the predictive relationship of narcissism and psychopathy with relational aggression among adolescents moderated by age. METHODS: Cross-sectional correlational research design was implied. Study was conducted at department of Psychology University of Gujrat from August 10th 2017 to 5th January 2018. 612 students from diverse academic institute of Gujrat, with age range 12-19 year were selected. Urdu version of dark triad personality scale short version was used to assess narcissism and psychopathy while diverse adolescent relational aggression scale, Urdu version was used to gauge relational aggression. RESULTS: Multiple regression analysis was carried out to find out the combined effect of narcissism and psychopathy on relational aggression among adolescent students. Findings revealed significant predictive relation among the variables (p<0.01). Result further indicated that one unit in narcissism will increase the relational aggression by .333 unit (ß=.333) while on unit increase in psychopathy will increase the relational aggression by .374 unit (ß=.374). Furthermore, results support the moderating effect of age in the relation among narcissism, psychopathy and relational aggression (p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Narcissism and psychopathy have predictive relationship with relational aggression moreover age play moderating role in afore said association.


Assuntos
Agressão/psicologia , Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/psicologia , Narcisismo , Adolescente , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Estudantes/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(22): e26168, 2021 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34087877

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that a good number of students admitted into Agricultural Science Education program in Nigerian universities exhibit irrational career interest which affects their perceptions, feelings, and academic behaviors. This study, therefore, explored the effect of rational emotive career education on irrational career beliefs among students enrolled in agricultural education program in federal universities in Enugu state. Three null hypotheses guided the study. METHOD: Of the population (N = 79 students) targeted for the study and who underwent a screening exercise, 61 students were recruited as participants/sample size for the study. Sequence allocation software was used to assign 31 students into experimental groups and 30 into waitlisted control group. Participants in the intervention group received a rational emotive career education program that lasted for 12 sessions while those in waitlisted group did not receive the intervention. The participants in both groups were assessed at three points (Time 1, Time 2, and Time 3) using rational and irrational belief scale. A repeated measure (ANOVA) and partial eta square statistical tools were used to analyze the data collected. RESULT: This study result showed that rational emotive career education significantly reduced irrational career beliefs among students enrolled in Agricultural Science Education program exposed to intervention group compared to those in waitlisted control group. It also showed that there was time × group interaction for irrational career beliefs. The follow-up assessment indicated that the efficacy of rational emotive career education was sustained overtime. CONCLUSION: This study concluded that rational emotive career education is beneficial in reducing irrational career beliefs of university students enrolled in Agricultural Science Education program. Recommendations were also made in line with the results.


Assuntos
Agricultura/educação , Escolha da Profissão , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Tomada de Decisões , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Nigéria , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
18.
Ethiop J Health Sci ; 31(1): 3-14, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34158747

RESUMO

Background: Ethiopia has taken unprecedented preventive measures like closure of higher education institutions to halt the spread of COVID-19. However, still, there is scarce information regarding the knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of students towards COVID-19 pandemic. Thus, this study aimed to assess the KAP and associated factors of preventive measures against COVID-19 among students. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 422 students. The sample was proportionally allocated into the randomly selected four colleges, and the students were recruited using a systematic random sampling technique. Variables with p-value < 0.25 in the bivariate logistic regression analysis were entered into the multivariable logistic regression model. Results: This study involved 408 students with response rate of 96.6%. The levels of good knowledge, positive attitude and good practice towards COVID-19 were 69.6%, 56.6% and 65% respectively. After adjusting for covariates, being in the late adolescent age group (16-20), living with > 5 family size, and being single were predictors of knowledge level. Besides, being single, attending diploma (TVET) level trainings, and being year-two students were predictors of attitude levels. Similarly, urban residence, being regular students, and being year-one students were the independent predictors of practice level of students. Conclusion: In this study, only two-third of the students had good preventive practice level towards COVID-19, which is below the Organization's recommendation. Thus, the national, regional and local governments should develop effective and inclusive prevention strategies to address students who are at home due to COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Etiópia/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , SARS-CoV-2 , Estudantes/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
19.
Gac Med Mex ; 157(1): 70-75, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34125820

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The most critical intervention to control SARS-CoV-2 infection requires appropriate knowledge and attitude towards the virus. OBJECTIVE: To determine the level of knowledge, attitudes and practices of students of a health services' vocational school with regard to COVID-19. METHODS: Cross-sectional study carried out between May and June 2020 in a university of the Turkish region. Data were collected through an online survey portal. RESULTS: Four hundred and fifty-four questionnaires were completed and returned. Students of medical laboratory techniques and first aid and emergency medicine had significantly higher knowledge scores (p < 0.001). More than 43 % of the students (n = 201) used the TV as their main source of information on COVID-19. There was a positive attitude towards preventive measures such as avoiding crowded places and maintaining hand hygiene and social distance. CONCLUSIONS: Health services vocational school students have good knowledge and positive attitude towards COVID-19. The main sources of information were the TV and social media. For this reason, more attention should be given to these issues in the curriculum in order for science-based information sources to be used.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Instituições Acadêmicas , Turquia , Educação Vocacional , Adulto Jovem
20.
Dan Med J ; 68(7)2021 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34169831

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: COVID-19 has disrupted normal life and resulted in an online transformation of teaching. Little is known about how these changes affected academic stress in students. This study examined the role of changes of teaching methods on academic stress among university students during the first lockdown in Denmark. METHODS: The cross-sectional survey was part of the international "COVID-19 International Student Well-being Study" and included responses on socio-economic characteristics, infection worries, academic stress, work capacity and satisfaction with teaching from 1,541 Danish health and medical science university students in May-June 2020. Changes in academic stress were analysed using descriptive statistics and multi-variable analyses using stepwise logistic regression. RESULTS: A considerable part (39%) of students reported academic stress due to COVID-19. One third reported that their study workload had increased significantly due to the COVID-19 outbreak and that they were concerned about their ability to complete the academic year. Factors associated with academic stress were female sex, young age, bachelor level, knowing a COVID-19 patient and being worried about becoming infected, whereas immigration background, sufficient financial resources and living arrangements were not. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that the COVID-19 outbreak has influenced university students' academic stress. It is important to set up structures to support students' mental health and educational trajectory during the pandemic. FUNDING: none. TRIAL REGISTRATION: not relevant.


Assuntos
COVID-19/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico , Estudantes/psicologia , Adulto , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Estudos Transversais , Dinamarca , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , SARS-CoV-2 , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia
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