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4.
Sci Total Environ ; 701: 134463, 2020 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704405

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies have discovered the adverse health impacts of ambient ozone. Most epidemiological studies explore the relationship between ambient ozone and health effects based on fixed site monitoring data. Fine modeling of ground-level ozone exposure conducted by statistical models has great advantages for improving exposure accuracy and reducing exposure bias. However, there is no review summarizing such studies. OBJECTIVES: A review is presented to summarize the basic process of model development and to provide some suggestions for researchers. METHODS: A search of PubMed, Web of Science and the Wanfang Database was performed for dates through July 1, 2019 to obtain relevant studies worldwide. We also examined the references of the articles of interest to ensure that as many articles as possible were included. RESULTS: The land use regression model (LUR model), random forest model and artificial neural network model have been used in this field. We summarized these studies in terms of model selection, data preparation, simulation scale selection, and model establishment and validation. Multiparameters are a major feature of models. Parameters that influence the formation of ground-level ozone concentrations and parameters that have been extremely important in previous articles should be considered first. The process of model establishment and validation is essentially a process of continuously optimizing the model performance, but there are certain differences in the specific models. CONCLUSION: This review summarized the basic process of the statistical model for ambient ozone exposure. We gave the applicable conditions and application scope of different models and summarized the advantages and disadvantages of various models in ozone modeling research. In the future, research is still needed to explore this area based on its own research purposes and capabilities.


Assuntos
Poluição do Ar/estatística & dados numéricos , Exposição Ambiental/estatística & dados numéricos , Ozônio/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos , Saúde Ambiental , Monitoramento Ambiental , Estudos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Modelos Estatísticos , Modelos Teóricos , Análise Espaço-Temporal
5.
Chemosphere ; 238: 124631, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31524608

RESUMO

There is an interdisciplinary interface between analytical chemistry and epidemiology studies with respect to the design, execution, and analysis of environmental epidemiology cohorts and studies. Extracting meaningful results linking chemical exposure to human health outcomes begins at study design and spans the entire workflow. Here we discuss analytical experimental design from an exposure science perspective, and propose a reporting checklist for the design of human biomonitoring studies. We explain key analytical chemistry concepts of blanks and limits of reporting and present a case series of plastic product chemical exposure in prenatal urine specimens from the Barwon Infant Study.


Assuntos
Compostos Benzidrílicos/urina , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Poluentes Ambientais/urina , Fenóis/urina , Ácidos Ftálicos/urina , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Poluentes Ambientais/análise , Estudos Epidemiológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Plásticos/síntese química , Plásticos/química , Gravidez , Projetos de Pesquisa
6.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(11): 1426-1431, 2019 Nov 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31838816

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of hepatitis E Virus antibody (anti-HEV) in people aged 1-29 years in China in 2014. Methods: Based on database of the national serologic survey of hepatitis B in people aged 1-29 years in China, in 2014, the sample size was estimated. The serum samples of the people surveyed were randomly selected to detect anti-HEV IgG by using enzyme- linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Statistical software SAS 9.1.3 was used to calculate the positive rate of anti-HEV and 95% confidence interval (CI) in different age, gender groups, urban and rural areas and geographic areas by using the Taylor series linear method with sampling weight. The difference was determined by comparing 95%CI. Results: A total of 14 106 serum samples were detected from people aged 1-29 years, including 6 996 males (49.60%), 7 013 urban residents (49.72%). The positive rate of anti-HEV was 8.12%(95%CI: 7.19-9.15) in people aged 1-29 years. There was no statistical difference between the men and women, between urban area and rural area. The positive rates of anti-HEV in western area(11.36%, 95%CI: 9.45-13.62) was higher than those in eastern and central areas. The positive rates of anti-HEV were 2.46%, 2.24%, 4.50%, 7.58%, 11.89% and 17.27% in people aged 1-, 5-, 10-, 15-, 20- and 25-29 years, respectively. As the age increased, the positive rate of anti-HEV gradually increased. In different ethnic groups, the positive rate of anti-HEV was higher in Tibetan (18.32%, 95%CI: 12.02-26.90), Zhuang (9.54%, 95%CI: 4.33-19.73) ethnic groups. Conclusion: The positive rate of anti-HEV declined slightly in China in 2014. It is still necessary to pay close attention to the HEV infection, morbidity of hepatitis E and risk factors in people aged 1-29 years.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Anti-Hepatite/sangue , Vírus da Hepatite E/isolamento & purificação , Hepatite E/epidemiologia , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Estudos Epidemiológicos , Feminino , Hepatite E/sangue , Hepatite E/imunologia , Vírus da Hepatite E/imunologia , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Imunoglobulina M/sangue , Lactente , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários , Proteínas Virais/imunologia , Adulto Jovem
7.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(11): 1481-1486, 2019 Nov 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31838825

RESUMO

Gastric cancer is one of the most common cancer. Studies have been conducted to evaluate the association between anthropometric indicators and gastric cancer, but the results were inconsistent. Therefore, a literature retrieval was conducted by using PubMed and Wanfang databases to summarize the latest research progress in the cohort study of the association between anthropometric indicators and the risk for gastric cancer. It was found that both general obesity and abdominal obesity might increase the risk for gastric cancer, while the association between underweight and gastric cancer needs further study. This paper summarizes the progress in the cohort study of association between anthropometric indicators for the risk for gastric cancer in order to provide evidence for the prevention and control of gastric cancer.


Assuntos
Antropometria , Neoplasias Gástricas/epidemiologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
8.
BMC Infect Dis ; 19(1): 1074, 2019 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31864293

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since 2011, there has been an increase in the incidence of scarlet fever across China. The main objective of this study was to depict the spatiotemporal epidemiological characteristics of the incidence of scarlet fever in Shenyang, China, in 2018 so as to provide the scientific basis for effective strategies of scarlet control and prevention. METHODS: Excel 2010 was used to demonstrate the temporal distribution at the month level and ArcGIS10.3 was used to demonstrate the spatial distribution at the district/county level. Moran's autocorrelation coefficient was used to examine the spatial autocorrelation and the Getis-Ord statistic was used to determine the hot-spot areas of scarlet fever. RESULTS: A total of 2314 scarlet fever cases were reported in Shenyang in 2018 with an annual incidence of 31.24 per 100,000. The incidence among males was higher than that among females(p<0.001). A vast majority of the cases (96.89%) were among children aged 3 to 11 years. The highest incidence was 625.34/100,000 in children aged 5-9 years. In 2018 there were two seasonal peaks of scarlet fever in June (summer-peak) and December (winter-peak). The incidence of scarlet fever in urban areas was significantly higher than that in rural areas(p<0.001). The incidence of scarlet fever was randomly distributed in Shenyang. There are hotspot areas located in seven districts. CONCLUSIONS: Urban areas are the hot spots of scarlet fever and joint prevention and control measures between districts should be applied. Children aged 3-11 are the main source of scarlet fever and therefore the introduction of prevention and control into kindergarten and primary schools may be key to the control of scarlet fever epidemics.


Assuntos
Escarlatina/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Epidemiológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Estações do Ano , Análise Espaço-Temporal
10.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-LISBR1.1-46885

RESUMO

Ao contrário do que ocorre em todas as partes do mundo, inclusive no restante do Brasil, na região de Ribeirão Preto, interior de SP, a mortalidade materna atinge mais as mulheres brancas, com oito anos ou mais de estudo, profissionais empregadas e, a maioria, em primeira gestação. Esse foi o perfil destacado por um estudo da Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto (EERP) da USP sobre a epidemiologia da mortalidade materna na região de Ribeirão Preto


Assuntos
Mortalidade Materna , Gravidez , Estudos Epidemiológicos , Complicações na Gravidez
11.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 37(5): 541-546, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31721505

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We provided baseline data for oral public health through epidemiological surveys to investigate the prevalence of malocclusion and orthodontic treatment proportion in 12- to 14-year-old adolescents in Jiangxi province, China. METHODS: Multi-stage random cluster sampling was used. A total of 5 387 12- to 14-year-old adolescents were examined by three professional dentists according to Angle's classification of malocclusion. The subjects were recruited from 30 secondary schools in five counties in Jiangxi Province. Results were statistically analyzed by SPSS19.0. RESULTS: The prevalence of malocclusion was 79.67% among adolescents aged 12-14 years in Jiangxi province. The composition ratios of ClassⅠ, Class Ⅱ Division 1, Class Ⅱ Division 2, and Class Ⅲ malocclusion were 30.96%, 16.36%, 12.78%, and 19.13% respectively. ClassⅠmalocclusion had the highest composition ratio, and the most common clinical manifestation of malocclusion was dentition crowding with a prevalence of 91.30%. The prevalence rate of malocclusion was higher in boys than in girls at 81.16% and 78.21%, respectively (P<0.05). This condition had different prevalence rates in Nanchang, Yichun, Jiujiang, Shangrao, and Ganzhou (P<0.05) with the highest in Nanchang and lowest in Ganzhou. Malocclusion was related to caries, and its prevalence rate was higher in patients with caries than in those without caries (P<0.05). The orthodontic rate of malocclusion was 2.63%, and the value was higher for girls than that for boys (P<0.05). The rate of orthodontic in urban areas was higher than that in rural areas (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with local and international findings on malocclusion of adolescents, high prevalence and low orthodontic rate were found in Jiangxi province. Strengthening the combination of prevention and treatment is important for the physical and mental health of adolescents. We should actively conduct oral health education, popularize the knowledge of malocclusion, and actively treat caries.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Má Oclusão , Adolescente , Criança , China , Estudos Epidemiológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência
12.
Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi ; 37(10): 789-792, 2019 Oct 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31726514

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of occupational diseases in Gansu Province, China in 2010-2017, and to provide a scientific basis for the prevention and control of occupational diseases. Methods: The cluster sampling method was adopted to make statistical analysis of 1339 cases of occupational disease reported by "occupational disease and occupational health information monitoring system" in Gansu province from 2010 to 2017, to investigate the diseases, regions and industries of occupational diseases in June 2018. Results: A total of 1339 cases of occupational diseases (39 types, 8 classes) were diagnosed and reposed in 2010-2017. The three most frequent diseases were pneumoconiosis (87.53%, 1172/1339), occupational poisonings (5.83%, 78/1339), and occupational ear, nose, and throat (ENT) diseases (3.14%, 42/1339). The cases of silicosis accounted for 54.61% (640/1172) of all cases of pneumoconiosis, the second was coalworker pneumoconiosis, which accounted for 38.57% (452/1172). In the cases of occupational poisonings, 32.05% (25/78) suffered from carbon monoxide poisoning. Patients with occupational diseases were reported in 14 districts of Gansu, mostly in Lanzhou (27.52%, 347/1261), Jinchang (16.57%, 209/1261), and Baiyin (14.20%, 179/1261). The reported cases are mainly concentrated in mining (71.56%, 468/654) and manufacturing (21.87%, 143/654), the types of state-owned economy (55.63%, 692/1244) and private economy (33.68%, 419/1244), large (43.41%, 540/1244) and small enterprises (35.21%, 438/1244) in 2010-2017 in Gansu. Conclusion: The pneumoconiosis caused by silicious and coal dust and the occupational poisonings caused by carbon monoxide seem to be the main occupational hazards in Gansu province. Occupational diseases occur in all districts of Guangzhou and in various industries. The state-owned economy and private sector, large and small enterprises should be the focuses of occupational health supervision.


Assuntos
Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Pneumoconiose/epidemiologia , Envenenamento/epidemiologia , Intoxicação por Monóxido de Carbono/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Incidência
13.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31650187

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In Germany, reliable information on the health of people with migration background (PMB) is scarce. Therefore, the Robert Koch Institute initiated the project "Improving health monitoring in migrant populations (IMIRA)" to improve the inclusion of PMB into the federal health monitoring. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to identify challenges and strategies in accessing migrant populations with epidemiological research. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 24 guided interviews with experts from Germany were conducted. Experts were scientists from various disciplines with a research focus on migration, civil servants in the area of migration, and experts from the field. The interview focused on challenges and strategies regarding access to migrants in research. The written summaries of the interviews were analyzed. RESULTS: Challenges in accessing PMB include language, sociodemographic and cultural barriers, fears, structural, and practical difficulties. Further challenges arise from the heterogeneity and motivation of the groups. Strategies to increase accessibility among PMB can be found in the research process, methods, communication, and diversity-sensitive research culture. Confidence-building is considered significant. DISCUSSION: Experts report a variety of strategies that focus on addressing and including PMB directly: strengthening of participatory approaches, new forms of translation, and measures to increase trust in research should be the focus of future efforts. The willingness to participate in epidemiological research can be increased with appropriate strategies and thus data on the health of migrant populations can be improved sustainably.


Assuntos
Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Migrantes , Comunicação , Estudos Epidemiológicos , Alemanha , Humanos
16.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 22Suppl 02(Suppl 02): E190005.SUPL.2, 2019.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596376

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence of altered total cholesterol and fractions levels in the Brazilian population, according to biochemical data from the National Health Survey. METHODS: A descriptive study, using data from the National Health Survey, collected between 2014 and 2015. Total cholesterol and fractions were analyzed and population prevalences of altered values according to socio-demographic variables were calculated. The cutoff points considered were: total cholesterol ≥ 200mg/dl; low-density lipoprotein LDL ≥ 130mg/dL and high-density lipoprotein HDL < 40mg/dL. RESULTS: The prevalence of total cholesterol ≥200mg/dL in the population was 32.7%, and higher in women (35.1%). The prevalence of altered HDL was 31.8%, 22.0% in females and 42.8% in males. LDL ≥ 130mg/dL was found in 18.6% and was higher in women (19.9%). The population aged 45 years old and older and those with low levels of education presented a higher prevalence of altered cholesterol. CONCLUSION: Altered values of total cholesterol and fractions were frequent in the Brazilian population, especially among women, the elderly and people with low levels of education. These results may guide control and preventative actions such as healthy eating, physical activity and treatment, all of which aim to prevent coronary diseases.


Assuntos
HDL-Colesterol/sangue , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Colesterol/sangue , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/métodos , Hipercolesterolemia/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Fatores Etários , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Epidemiológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Valores de Referência , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
17.
Cent Eur J Public Health ; 27(3): 235-238, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31580560

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Lyme disease (Lyme borreliosis) is a transmissible infection, common in the temperate climate zones. It is caused by a group of spirochetal bacteria known as Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato complex. The aim of the present work was to investigate the incidence rate of borreliosis in different regions of Bulgaria and to identify possible risk factors for its occurrence. METHODS: National and regional borreliosis incidence rates for 2009-2018 were obtained from the public database of the National Centre of Public Health and Analyses. Their association with some socio-demographic variables and the geographic location (south or north) of the regions was tested with Spearman's correlation analysis and simple linear regression. RESULTS: The mean annual incidence for the last 10 years (2009-2018) in Bulgaria was 6.9 (range 4.1-11.6) cases per 100,000 inhabitants. We found that the Lyme disease was highly fluctuating at regional level with incidence rates varied from 0.3 to 30.9 per 100,000 inhabitants. Several regions showed significantly higher endemicity for the disease. Socio-demographic factors were not found to be important for Lyme disease frequency while the geographic location in the north part of the country was a significant risk factor for it. CONCLUSIONS: Lyme disease is a serious health risk in Bulgaria especially in its northern part - regions on the north are the most vulnerable to a higher incidence of the disease.


Assuntos
Borrelia burgdorferi , Ixodes , Doença de Lyme , Animais , Bulgária , Estudos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Incidência , Ixodes/microbiologia , Doença de Lyme/epidemiologia
18.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5231-5259, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570421

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers in men which remains a global public health issue. Treatment of prostate cancer is becoming increasingly intensive and aggressive, with a corresponding increase in resistance, toxicity and side effects. This has revived an interest in nontoxic and cost-effective preventive strategies including dietary compounds due to the multiple effects they have been shown to have in various oncogenic signalling pathways, with relatively few significant adverse effects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To identify such dietary components and micronutrients and define their prostate cancer-specific actions, we systematically reviewed the current literature for the pertinent mechanisms of action and effects on the modulation of prostate carcinogenesis, along with relevant updates from epidemiological and clinical studies. RESULTS: Evidence from various recent experimental, clinical and epidemiological studies indicates that select dietary micronutrients (i.e., lycopene, epigallocatechin gallate, sulforaphane, indole-3-carbinol, resveratrol, quercetin, curcumin & piperine) and zinc play a key role in prostate cancer prevention and progression and therefore hold great promise for the future overall management of prostate cancer. CONCLUSION: A formulation that comprises these micronutrients using the optimal, safest form and dosing should be investigated in future prostate cancer chemoprevention studies and as part of standard prostate cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos/farmacologia , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Próstata/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias da Próstata/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Próstata/prevenção & controle , Animais , Quimioprevenção/métodos , Dieta/métodos , Estudos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Micronutrientes/farmacologia , Micronutrientes/uso terapêutico
19.
BMC Med ; 17(1): 188, 2019 10 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31639007

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in evaluating differences in healthcare interventions across routinely collected demographic characteristics. However, individual subgroup analyses in randomized controlled trials are often not prespecified, adjusted for multiple testing, or conducted using the appropriate statistical test for interaction, and therefore frequently lack credibility. Meta-analyses can be used to examine the validity of potential subgroup differences by collating evidence across trials. Here, we characterize the conduct and clinical translation of age-treatment subgroup analyses in Cochrane reviews. METHODS: For a random sample of 928 Cochrane intervention reviews of randomized trials, we determined how often subgroup analyses of age are reported, how often these analyses have a P < 0.05 from formal interaction testing, how frequently subgroup differences first observed in an individual trial are later corroborated by other trials in the same meta-analysis, and how often statistically significant results are included in commonly used clinical management resources (BMJ Best Practice, UpToDate, Cochrane Clinical Answers, Google Scholar, and Google search). RESULTS: Among 928 Cochrane intervention reviews, 189 (20.4%) included plans to conduct age-treatment subgroup analyses. The vast majority (162 of 189, 85.7%) of the planned analyses were not conducted, commonly because of insufficient trial data. There were 22 reviews that conducted their planned age-treatment subgroup analyses, and another 3 reviews appeared to perform unplanned age-treatment subgroup analyses. These 25 (25 of 928, 2.7%) reviews conducted a total of 97 age-treatment subgroup analyses, of which 65 analyses (in 20 reviews) had non-overlapping subgroup levels. Among the 65 age-treatment subgroup analyses, 14 (21.5%) did not report any formal interaction testing. Seven (10.8%) reported P < 0.05 from formal age-treatment interaction testing; however, none of these seven analyses were in reviews that discussed the potential biological rationale or clinical significance of the subgroup findings or had results that were included in common clinical practice resources. CONCLUSION: Age-treatment subgroup analyses in Cochrane intervention reviews were frequently planned but rarely conducted, and implications of detected interactions were not discussed in the reviews or mentioned in common clinical resources. When subgroup analyses are performed, authors should report the findings, compare the results to previous studies, and outline any potential impact on clinical care.


Assuntos
Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Projetos de Pesquisa , Literatura de Revisão como Assunto , Distribuição por Idade , Fatores Etários , Projetos de Pesquisa Epidemiológica , Estudos Epidemiológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Medicina de Precisão/métodos , Medicina de Precisão/estatística & dados numéricos , Projetos de Pesquisa/normas , Projetos de Pesquisa/estatística & dados numéricos
20.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 11(5): 1266-1271, out.-dez. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1022627

RESUMO

Objective: The study's purpose has been to assess the health profile, based on the individual registry named e-SUS (Sistema Único de Saúde [Unified Health System]), in regards to the users of basic health care services in Ijuí city, Rio Grande do Sul State. Methods: It is a cross-sectional study with a sample of 400 registered users in 15 Family Health Strategies, within the age group from 20 to 59 years old and according to the e-SUS individual registry. Results: There was a predominance of wage earners with a work permit and low education level. Users with low schooling were five times more likely to develop diabetes mellitus (p=0.01), whereas high education users were hospitalized more frequently (p=0.03). It was observed an association between participating in a community group and the female gender (p=0.013), having high education level and private health insurance plan (p=0.001). Conclusion: The profile of the users shows a direct relationship between low level of schooling and chronic noncommunicable diseases and inversion of hospitalizations


Objetivo: Verificar o perfil de saúde, baseado no cadastro individual e-SUS, de usuários dos serviços de atenção básica da cidade de Ijuí/RS. Métodos: Estudo transversal, com amostra de 400 usuários cadastrados em 15 Estratégias de Saúde da Família, na faixa etária de 20 a 59 anos, baseado no cadastro individual e-SUS. Resultados: Verificou-se predomínio de assalariado com carteira de trabalho, baixa escolaridade. Os usuários com escolaridade baixa tiveram cinco vezes mais chance de desenvolver diabetes mellitus (DM) (p=0,01), com escolaridade alta internaram com maior frequência (p=0,03). Observou associação entre participar de grupo comunitário e o sexo feminino (p=0,013) e apresentar alta escolaridade e possuir plano de saúde privado (p=0,001). Conclusão: O perfil dos usuários mostra relação direta da baixa escolaridade com doenças crônicas não transmissíveis e inversa às internações


Objetivo: Verificar el perfil de salud, basado en el registro individual e-SUS, de usuarios de los servicios de atención básica de la ciudad de Ijuí/RS. Metodos: Estudio transversal, con muestra de 400 usuarios registrados en 15 Estrategias de Salud de la Familia, en el grupo de edad de 20 a 59 años, basado en el registro individual e-SUS. Resultados: Se verificó predominio de asalariado con carnet de trabajo, baja escolaridad. Los usuarios con escolaridad baja tuvieron cinco veces más posibilidades de desarrollar diabetes mellitus (DM) (p = 0,01), con escolaridad alta internaron con mayor frecuencia (p = 0,03). Se observó asociación entre participar en el grupo comunitario y el sexo femenino (p = 0,013) y presentar alta escolaridad y tener un plan de salud privado (p = 0,001). Conclusión: El perfil de los usuarios muestra relación directa de la baja escolaridad con enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles e inversa las internaciones


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema Único de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Perfil de Saúde , Estratégia Saúde da Família , Atenção Primária à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Epidemiológicos
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