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1.
Anticancer Res ; 39(9): 4767-4773, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31519577

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Rs3824129 is a functional six-nucleotide insertion(I)/deletion(D) polymorphism in the promoter region of caspase 8, an essential apoptosis gene. We aimed to examine the association of this polymorphism with the risk of bladder cancer in the Taiwanese population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Caspase-8 rs3834129 genotypes were determined and their associations with bladder cancer risk were evaluated among 375 patients and 375 controls by the PCR-RFLP methodology. In addition, the interaction of caspase-8 rs3834129 genotypes with personal behaviors and clinicopathological features were examined. RESULTS: The frequencies of II, ID and DD genotypes for caspase-8 rs3834129 were non-differentially distributed between the two groups (p for trend=0.7187). Analysis of allelic frequency distribution also indicated that the D variant allele was not associated with a risk of bladder cancer. There was no obvious joint interaction between caspase-8 rs3834129 genotypes and smoking, alcohol consumption, and clinical stage and grade. CONCLUSION: Caspase-8 rs3834129 genotypes play a minor role in the personal susceptibility to bladder cancer in Taiwan.


Assuntos
Caspase 8/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Alelos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Estudos de Associação Genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Razão de Chances , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Taiwan , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia
2.
Hum Genet ; 138(10): 1183-1200, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31471722

RESUMO

The glutamate pyruvate transaminase 2 (GPT2) gene produces a nuclear-encoded mitochondrial enzyme that catalyzes the reversible transfer of an amino group from glutamate to pyruvate, generating alanine and alpha-ketoglutarate. Recessive mutations in GPT2 have been recently identified in a new syndrome involving intellectual and developmental disability (IDD), postnatal microcephaly, and spastic paraplegia. We have identified additional families with recessive GPT2 mutations and expanded the phenotype to include small stature. GPT2 loss-of-function mutations were identified in four families, nine patients total, including: a homozygous mutation in one child [c.775T>C (p.C259R)]; compound heterozygous mutations in two siblings [c.812A>C (p.N271T)/c.1432_1433delGT (p.V478Rfs*73)]; a novel homozygous, putative splicing mutation [c.1035C>T (p.G345=)]; and finally, a recurrent mutation, previously identified in a distinct family [c.1210C>T (p.R404*)]. All patients were diagnosed with IDD. A majority of patients had remarkably small stature throughout development, many < 1st percentile for height and weight. Given the potential biological function of GPT2 in cellular growth, this phenotype is strongly suggestive of a newly identified clinical susceptibility. Further, homozygous GPT2 mutations manifested in at least 2 of 176 families with IDD (approximately 1.1%) in a Pakistani cohort, thereby representing a relatively common cause of recessive IDD in this population, with recurrence of the p.R404* mutation in this population. Based on variants in the ExAC database, we estimated that approximately 1 in 248 individuals are carriers of moderately or severely deleterious variants in GPT2.


Assuntos
Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/diagnóstico , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/genética , Genes Recessivos , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Mutação , Fenótipo , Transaminases/genética , Adolescente , Alelos , Substituição de Aminoácidos , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/metabolismo , Ativação Enzimática , Éxons , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Estudos de Associação Genética , Genética Populacional , Genótipo , Humanos , Deficiência Intelectual/diagnóstico , Deficiência Intelectual/genética , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Mitocôndrias/genética , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Modelos Moleculares , Linhagem , Conformação Proteica , Sítios de Splice de RNA , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Transaminases/química , Transaminases/metabolismo
3.
Hum Genet ; 138(10): 1171-1182, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31367973

RESUMO

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of blindness in the world. While dozens of independent genomic variants are associated with AMD, about one-third of AMD heritability is still unexplained. To identify novel variants and loci for AMD, we analyzed Illumina HumanExome chip data from 87 Amish individuals with early or late AMD, 79 unaffected Amish individuals, and 15 related Amish individuals with unknown AMD affection status. We retained 37,428 polymorphic autosomal variants across 175 samples for association and linkage analyses. After correcting for multiple testing (n = 37,428), we identified four variants significantly associated with AMD: rs200437673 (LCN9, p = 1.50 × 10-11), rs151214675 (RTEL1, p = 3.18 × 10-8), rs140250387 (DLGAP1, p = 4.49 × 10-7), and rs115333865 (CGRRF1, p = 1.05 × 10-6). These variants have not been previously associated with AMD and are not in linkage disequilibrium with the 52 known AMD-associated variants reported by the International AMD Genomics Consortium based on physical distance. Genome-wide significant linkage peaks were observed on chromosomes 8q21.11-q21.13 (maximum recessive HLOD = 4.03) and 18q21.2-21.32 (maximum dominant HLOD = 3.87; maximum recessive HLOD = 4.27). These loci do not overlap with loci previously linked to AMD. Through gene ontology enrichment analysis with ClueGO in Cytoscape, we determined that several genes in the 1-HLOD support interval of the chromosome 8 locus are involved in fatty acid binding and triglyceride catabolic processes, and the 1-HLOD support interval of the linkage region on chromosome 18 is enriched in genes that participate in serine-type endopeptidase inhibitor activity and the positive regulation of epithelial to mesenchymal transition. These results nominate novel variants and loci for AMD that require further investigation.


Assuntos
Amish/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Variação Genética , Degeneração Macular/genética , Locos de Características Quantitativas , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Alelos , Biologia Computacional , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Ontologia Genética , Estudos de Associação Genética , Ligação Genética , Humanos , Indiana , Masculino , Ohio , Linhagem
4.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 156(1): 104-112.e3, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31256822

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Mandibular prognathism (MP) is subject to major polygenic influence and segregates within families in autosomal dominance with variable expressivity and incomplete penetrance. We aimed to identify the inheritance pattern and genes and loci involved in the development of MP in Mediterranean families and to evaluate the dentoskeletal characteristics of affected individuals. METHODS: Fifty-one eastern Mediterranean families with individuals affected by MP were identified. Data and biospecimens were collected from 14 of the families, including clinical examination, lateral cephalography (on subjects with Class III malocclusion), and 5 mL blood drawn from consenting affected and nonaffected relatives. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) was performed on 8 families (7 Lebanese, 1 Lebanese/Syrian), including large numbers of affected individuals over many generations and severe conditions, with the use of whole-exome sequencing. RESULTS: Most pedigrees suggested autosomal-dominant inheritance with an equal number of affected male and female individuals. Affected individuals had macrognathic and prognathic mandibles with dentoalveolar compensation. Genetic screening did not correspond with previously reported MP-linked genes, but yielded 3 novel genes (C1orf167, NBPF8, NBPF9) on chromosome 1 potentially responsible for mandibular development and macrognathism. CONCLUSIONS: In this first genetic study with the use of NGS on the largest reported number of families with MP, novel genes (C1orf167, NBPF8, NBPF9) were associated with familial MP in the eastern Mediterranean population.


Assuntos
Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Má Oclusão de Angle Classe III/genética , Prognatismo/genética , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Cefalometria , Cromossomos Humanos Par 1/genética , Feminino , Genoma Humano , Humanos , Líbano , Masculino , Má Oclusão de Angle Classe III/sangue , Má Oclusão de Angle Classe III/diagnóstico por imagem , Má Oclusão de Angle Classe III/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Linhagem , Prognatismo/sangue , Prognatismo/diagnóstico por imagem , Prognatismo/patologia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Síria , Adulto Jovem
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(26): e16131, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31261535

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The FOS gene is located on human chromosome 14q21-31 and encodes the nuclear oncoprotein c-Fos. This study analyzed the correlation between the FOS noncoding region rs7101 and rs1063169 polymorphisms and colorectal cancer susceptibility and prognosis. METHODS: We analyzed the FOS genotypes in 432 colorectal cancer patients and 315 healthy subjects by PCR/Sanger sequencing. Survival was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analysis. Western blot was used to detect the expression of c-Fos protein in cancer tissues and adjacent tissues in colorectal cancer patients with different genotypes. RESULTS: The presence of a T allele at rs7101 and a T allele at rs1063169 in FOS carried a higher risk of colorectal cancer [adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 1.237, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) = 1.131-1.346, P ≤ .001 and adjusted OR = 1.218, 95% CI = 1.111-1.327, P ≤ .001, respectively]. c-Fos protein levels were significantly higher in variant cancer tissues than in normal mucosa tissues (P < .05), and c-Fos proteins levels were also higher in homozygous variant cancer tissues than in heterozygous variant cancer tissues. The 3-year survival rate of patients with wild-type FOS was higher than that of patients with variant FOS (P < .05). CONCLUSION: The rs7101 and rs1063169 polymorphisms in the noncoding region of FOS are associated with the risk of developing colorectal cancer and the progression of colorectal cancer, which may be because the mutation enhances the expression of c-Fos protein to promote the incidence and development of colorectal cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-fos/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-fos/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Expressão Gênica , Interação Gene-Ambiente , Estudos de Associação Genética , Humanos , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Mucosa Intestinal/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Análise de Sobrevida
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(26): e16170, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31261547

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Non-syndromic cleft of the lip and/or palate (NSCL/P) is one of the most common polygenic diseases. In this study, both case-control and family-based association study were used to confirm whether the Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) were associated with NSCL/P. METHODS: A total of 37 nuclear families and 189 controls were recruited, whose blood DNA was extracted and subjected to genotyping of SNPs of 27 candidate genes by polymerase chain reaction-improved multiple ligase detection reaction technology (PCR-iMLDR). Case-control statistical analysis was performed using the SPSS 19.0. Haplotype Relative Risk (HRR), transmission disequilibrium test (TDT), and Family-Based Association Test (FBAT) were used to test for over-transmission of the target alleles in case-parent trios. The gene-gene interactions on NSCL/P were analyzed by Unphased-3.1.4. RESULTS: In case-control statistical analysis, only C14orf49 chr14_95932477 had statistically significant on genotype model (P = .03) and allele model (P = .03). Seven SNPs had statistically significant on TDT. None of 26 alleles has association with NSCL/P on FBAT. Some SNPs had haplotype-haplotype interactions and genotype-genotype interactions. CONCLUSION: C14orf49 chr14_95932477 was significantly different between cases and controls on genotype model and allele model by case-control design. Seven SNPs were significantly different on HRR. Four SNPs were significantly different on TDT.


Assuntos
Fenda Labial/genética , Fissura Palatina/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Fenda Labial/complicações , Fissura Palatina/complicações , Família , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Humanos , Masculino , Modelos Genéticos , Fosfatases de Fosfoinositídeos/genética , Proteínas de Transporte Vesicular/genética
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(28): e16405, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31305452

RESUMO

Our study investigated the association of five genes with MCI in the Xinjiang Uygur population in China. In addition, we also analyzed the association between APOE methylation and MCI.Forty-three MCI and 125 controls were included in the present study. Genotyping was done by Sanger sequencing. DNA methylation assay was done using quantitative methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (qMSP).The distribution of HMGCR rs3846662 allele frequencies was significantly different between the MCI group and the control group (P = .04), especially in women (P = .032). Subgroup analysis showed that there was a statistically significant association of HMGCR rs3846662 with MCI in the non-APOE ε4 group (P = .024), especially in the females with non-APOE ε4. Similarly, HMGCR rs3846662 genotype and allele frequency in the ApoE E2 protein group were significantly different in the MCI group and the control group (genotype P = .021; allele P = .007). In addition, SIRT1 rs7895833 genotype frequency in the APOE ε4 group was found to be significantly different between the MCI and the control group (P = .005). We also observed a significant association of SIRT1 rs7895833 with MCI in the ApoE E4 protein subgroup (P = .005). In addition, APOE methylation levels were significantly different between the MCI group and the control group (P = .021), especially in men (P = .006). Subgroup analysis showed that APOE methylation levels were significantly associated with MCI in the non-APOE ε4 group (P = .009), especially in men (P = .015).This study found a significant association of HMGCR rs3846662 with MCI in females independent of APOE ε4. In contrast, we revealed that the association of SIRT1 rs7895833 with MCI was dependent on with APOE ε4. We also showed that hypermethylation of APOE in MCI was independent of APOE ε4.


Assuntos
Apolipoproteínas E/genética , Transtornos Cognitivos/genética , Transtornos Cognitivos/metabolismo , Metilação de DNA , Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/genética , Sirtuína 1/genética , Idoso , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Masculino
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(28): e16414, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31305457

RESUMO

The gestational weight gain is determined by food habits, environmental and genetic factors.The aims of this paper were to establish relationships between maternal gene polymorphisms (patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing protein 3 rs738409 [PNPLA3 rs738409], glucokinase regulatory protein rs780094 [GCKR rs780094], and guanine nucleotide-binding protein rs5443 [GNB3 rs5443]) and mothers' gestational weight gain, but also neonatal outcomes (birth weight, length, and ponderal index [PI]).We performed a cross-sectional study in a sample of 158 mothers and their product of conception' in an Obstetrics-Gynecology Clinic from Romania. We divided the pregnant women according to the Institute of Medicine recommendations into 3 subgroups: (1) insufficient gestational weight gain; (2) normal gestational weight gain; and (3) excessive gestational weight gain.The gestational weight gain among pregnant women included in this study was classified as insufficient (10.1%), normal (31%), and excessive (58.9%). We found a tendency towards statistical significance for mothers that were overweight or obese before pregnancy to present an excessive gestational weight gain as compared to the normal weight ones. Similarly, we identified a tendency for statistical significance regarding the association between the variant genotype of GNB3 rs5443 and excessive gestational weight gain. We noticed differences that tended to be statistical significant concerning aspartate aminotransferase values between the 3 subgroups, mothers with excessive gestational weight gain having higher values than mothers with normal gestational weight gain (median, IQR: 22.89[17.53; 31.59] for mothers with excessive gestational weight gain versus 22.71[18.58; 27.37] for mothers with normal gestational weight gain). In mothers with excessive gestational weight gain, we found a significant association between the variant genotype of PNPLA3 rs738409 polymorphism and neonatal PI noticing a decrease of this index in case of newborns from mothers carrying the variant genotype.Excessive gestational weight gain was noticed in pregnant women that were obese and overweight before pregnancy. We found a positive association between the variant genotype of GNB3 rs5443 polymorphism and excessive gestational weight gain. Similarly, the presence of variant genotype of PNPLA3 rs738409 in mothers was associated with a lower PI in their newborns. Our study pointed out the most important factors that influence gestational weight gain and related birth outcomes.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Desenvolvimento Infantil , Ganho de Peso na Gestação/genética , Proteínas Heterotriméricas de Ligação ao GTP/genética , Lipase/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Peso ao Nascer , Estatura , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Sobrepeso/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Complicações na Gravidez/genética , Adulto Jovem
9.
BMC Plant Biol ; 19(1): 332, 2019 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31357930

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Good establishment is important for rapid leaf area development in wheat crops. Poor establishment results in fewer, later-emerging plants, reduced leaf area and tiller number. In addition, poorly established crops suffer from increased soil moisture loss through evaporation and greater competition from weeds while fewer spikes are produced which can reduce grain yield. By protecting the emerging first leaf, the coleoptile is critical for achieving good establishment, and its length and interaction with soil physical properties determine the ability of a cultivar to emerge from depth. RESULTS: Here we characterise a locus on chromosome 1AS, that increases coleoptile length in wheat, which we designate as Lcol-A1. We identified Lcol-A1 by bulked-segregant analysis and used a Halberd-derived population to fine map the gene to a 2 cM region, equivalent to 7 Mb on the IWGSC genome reference sequence of Chinese Spring (RefSeqv1.0). By sowing recently released cultivars and near-isogenic lines in the field at both conventional and deep sowing depths, we confirmed that Locl-A1 was associated with increased emergence from depth in the presence and absence of conventional dwarfing genes. Flanking markers IWB58229 and IWA710 were developed to assist breeders to select for long coleoptile wheats. CONCLUSIONS: Increased coleoptile length is sought in many global wheat production areas to improve crop emergence. The identification of the gene Lcol-A1, together with tools to allow wheat breeders to track the gene, will enable improvements to be made for this important trait.


Assuntos
Cotilédone/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Genes de Plantas/fisiologia , Triticum/genética , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Cromossomos de Plantas/genética , Genes de Plantas/genética , Estudos de Associação Genética , Loci Gênicos , Folhas de Planta/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Característica Quantitativa Herdável , Triticum/crescimento & desenvolvimento
10.
Cytogenet Genome Res ; 158(3): 121-125, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31315107

RESUMO

VACTERL association is defined by the occurrence of congenital malformations: vertebral defects, anal atresia, cardiac defects, tracheoesophageal fistula with esophageal atresia, radial and renal dysplasia, and limb defects. No genetic alterations have been discovered except for some sporadic chromosomal rearrangements and gene mutations. We report a boy with VACTERL association and shawl scrotum with bifid scrotum who presented with a de novo Yq11.223q11.23 microdeletion identified by array CGH. The deletion spans 3.1 Mb and encompasses several genes in the AZFc region, frequently deleted in infertile men with severe oligozoospermia or azoospermia. Herein, we discuss the possible explanation for this unusual genotype-phenotype correlation. We suggest that the deletion of the BPY2 (previously VCY2) gene, located in the AZFc region and involved in spermatogenesis, contributed to the genesis of the phenotype. In fact, BPY2 interacts with a ubiquitin-protein ligase, involved in the SHH pathway which is known to be implicated in the genesis of VACTERL association.


Assuntos
Canal Anal/anormalidades , Deleção Cromossômica , Cromossomos Humanos Y/genética , Esôfago/anormalidades , Cardiopatias Congênitas/genética , Cardiopatias Congênitas/patologia , Rim/anormalidades , Deformidades Congênitas dos Membros/genética , Deformidades Congênitas dos Membros/patologia , Proteínas/genética , Escroto/patologia , Coluna Vertebral/anormalidades , Traqueia/anormalidades , Canal Anal/patologia , Hibridização Genômica Comparativa , Esôfago/patologia , Estudos de Associação Genética , Humanos , Lactente , Rim/patologia , Masculino , Coluna Vertebral/patologia , Traqueia/patologia , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo , Incerteza
11.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 65(6): 786-790, 2019 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31340305

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study was to assess the genetic association of copy number variations in two genes (PRKAB2 and PPM1K) located in two regions (tetralogy of Fallot and ventricular septal defect) in a Chinese Han population. METHODS: A total of 200 congenital heart disease patients (100 tetralogy of Fallot patients and 100 ventricular septal defect patients) and 100 congenital heart defect-free controls were recruited, and quantitative real-time PCR analysis was used to replicate the association of two copy number variations with congenital heart defects in a Chinese Han population. RESULTS: One deletion at PRKAB2 and one duplication at PPM1K were found in two of the tetralogy of Fallot patients, respectively; while all these regions were duplicated in both ventricular septal defect patients and in the 100 congenital heart defects-free controls. CONCLUSIONS: We replicated the copy number variations at the disease-candidate genes of PRKAB2 and PPM1K with tetralogy of Fallot in a Chinese Han population, and in patients with ventricular septal defect mutations in these two genes were not found. These results indicate the same molecular population genetics exist in these two genes with different ethnicity. This shows that these two genes are possibly specific pf tetralogy of Fallot candidates.


Assuntos
Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/genética , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Comunicação Interventricular/genética , Proteína Fosfatase 2C/genética , Tetralogia de Fallot/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Associação Genética , Humanos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Valores de Referência
12.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 65(6): 923-929, 2019 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31340327

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between genotype insertion or deletion polymorphism of the angiotensin-converting enzyme gene (ACE) and susceptibility to coronary artery disease (CAD) in Chinese Han population. METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive search for the OR value of contrast between the group of genotype insertion or deletion polymorphism of the ACE and the group of CAD as an effective index. A meta-analysis (Stata 12.0) was used to test the heterogeneity of the results, combine the values for effect, conduct sensitivity analysis, and basic evaluation. RESULTS: A total of 638 studies were found on the association between polymorphisms of the angiotensin-converting enzyme gene and CAD, of which 44 studies met the inclusion criteria. In total, our study included 5619 cases and 4865 controls. The heterogeneity test of each study (P < 0.001) was carried out using a random effect model. The OR value of DD/ID+II was 1.95, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) (1.66-2.29). The OR value of II/DI+DD was 0.63, 95%CI (0.55-0.72). The funnel figure is basically symmetrical and the results of the sensitivity analysis were stable. CONCLUSION: The DD genotype of the angiotensin converting enzyme gene may be a weaker risk factor for CAD in the Chinese Han population.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/genética , Estudos de Associação Genética , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , China/etnologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/etnologia , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
13.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 36(7): 704-707, 2019 Jul 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31302916

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the genetic basis of a child featuring intellectual disability, developmental delay and epilepsy. METHODS: Cytogenetic and molecular analysis including chromosomal karyotyping analysis, single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP array) and qPCR were performed. RESULTS: The karyotype of the child was determined as 46, XX; SNP array: arr [19]21q22.12q22.13(36 860 195-38 801 482)×1 dn. A heterozygous 1.9 Mb microdeletion was detected at 21q22.12q22.13. qPCR has confirmed deletion of exon 1 of the DYRK1A gene, which has occurred de novo. CONCLUSION: A 21q22 deletion was diagnosed with multiple genetic methods. Genotype-phenotype correlation suggested DYRK1A to be a candidate for intellectual disability.


Assuntos
Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/genética , Epilepsia/genética , Deficiência Intelectual/genética , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/genética , Deleção de Sequência , Criança , Estudos de Associação Genética , Humanos , Cariotipagem
14.
Psychiatr Danub ; 31(2): 269-275, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31291236

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a highly frequent and disabling psychiatric condition among war-affected populations. The FK506-binding protein 5 (FKBP5) gene and the corticotropin-releasing hormone receptor 1 (CRHR1) gene have previously been implicated in an elevated risk of peritraumatic dissociation and PTSD development. Our aim was to investigate the association between FKBP5 and CRHR1 genotypes and PTSD diagnosis and severity among individuals who were affected by the Balkan wars during the 1990s. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This study included participants with current PTSD, remitted PTSD and healthy volunteers (N=719, 487 males), who were recruited between 2013 and 2015 within the framework of the South Eastern Europe (SEE) - PTSD Study. Psychometric methods comprised the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (M.I.N.I.), the Clinician Administrated PTSD Scale (CAPS), and the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI). FKBP5 rs1360780 and CRHR1 rs17689918 genotypes were determined using a KASP genotyping assay. RESULTS: Tests for deviation from Hardy Weinberg equilibrium showed no significant results. Logistic and linear regression was used to examine the associations between the FKBP5 SNP rs1360780 and the CRHR1 SNP rs17689918 with PTSD diagnosis and severity, as well as general psychiatric symptom severity, separately for current and remitted PTSD patients. There were nominally significant associations under a dominant model between the rs1360780 C allele and PTSD diagnosis as well as symptom severity, which however, were not significant anymore after Bonferroni adjustment (α=0.002). For CRHR1 rs17689918 no significant associations were detected. CONCLUSION: We found nominally, but not Bonferroni corrected significant associations between the FKBP5 polymorphism rs1360780 and PTSD susceptibility among individuals affected by the Balkan wars. For elucidating this gene's real resilience/vulnerability potential, environmental influences should be taken into account.


Assuntos
Conflitos Armados/psicologia , Estudos de Associação Genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Receptores de Hormônio Liberador da Corticotropina/genética , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a Tacrolimo/genética , Europa Oriental , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
15.
BMC Bioinformatics ; 20(1): 404, 2019 Jul 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31345171

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It has been shown that the deregulation of miRNAs is associated with the development and progression of many human diseases. To reduce time and cost of biological experiments, a number of algorithms have been proposed for predicting miRNA-disease associations. However, the existing methods rarely investigated the cause-and-effect mechanism behind these associations, which hindered further biomedical follow-ups. RESULTS: In this study, we presented a CCA-based model in which the possible molecular causes of miRNA-disease associations were comprehensively revealed by extracting correlated sets of genes and diseases based on the co-occurrence of miRNAs in target gene profiles and disease profiles. Our method directly suggested the underlying genes involved, which could be used for experimental tests and confirmation. The inference of associated diseases of a new miRNA was made by taking into account the weight vectors of the extracted sets. We extracted 60 pairs of correlated sets from 404 miRNAs with two profiles for 2796 target genes and 362 diseases. The extracted diseases could be considered as possible outcomes of miRNAs regulating the target genes which appeared in the same set, some of which were supported by independent source of information. Furthermore, we tested our method on the 404 miRNAs under the condition of 5-fold cross validations and received an AUC value of 0.84606. Finally, we extensively inferred miRNA-disease associations for 100 new miRNAs and some interesting prediction results were validated by established databases. CONCLUSIONS: The encouraging results demonstrated that our method could provide a biologically relevant prediction and interpretation of associations between miRNAs and diseases, which were of great usefulness when guiding biological experiments for scientific research.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Doença/genética , Estudos de Associação Genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Humanos , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Modelos Genéticos
16.
Anticancer Res ; 39(6): 2791-2797, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31177115

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the role of caspase-8 rs3834129 polymorphism on colorectal cancer (CRC) risk in Taiwanese CRC patients and healthy controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The caspase-8 rs3834129 (-652 6N insertion/deletion) polymorphic genotypes were analyzed in 362 patients with CRC and the same number of age- and gender-matched healthy subjects. The interaction of caspase-8 rs3834129 genotypes with personal behaviors and clinicopathological features were also examined. RESULTS: The percentage of variants ID and DD for caspase-8 rs3834129 genotype were 37.6 and 5.8% in CRC group and 39.0 and 6.6% in the control group, respectively (p for trend=0.7987). The allelic frequency distribution analysis showed that caspase-8 rs3834129 D allele conferred a non-significant lower susceptibility for CRC compared with I allele (OR=0.92, 95%CI=0.74-1.20, p=0.5063). There was no obvious link between caspase-8 rs3834129 genotype and CRC risk among ever-smokers, non-smokers, non-alcohol drinkers or alcohol drinkers. No statistically significant correlation was observed between caspase-8 rs3834129 genotypic distribution and age, gender, tumor size, location or metastasis status. CONCLUSION: Overall, caspase-8 rs3834129 genotypes may not serve as predictors for CRC risk or prognosis.


Assuntos
Caspase 8/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Estudos de Associação Genética/métodos , Técnicas de Genotipagem/métodos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Taiwan
17.
Anticancer Res ; 39(6): 2891-2902, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31177127

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Long-term exposure to betel quid (BQ)-, cigarette-, and alcohol-induced chronic inflammation is a crucial risk factor for oral and pharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) progression. We analyzed the genotypes of stromal-cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) and CXC-chemokine receptor-4 (CXCR4) and determined the association between their polymorphisms and the risk of OPSCC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study consisted of 452 patients with pathologically proved OPSCC and 424 sex- and age-matched cancer-free controls. The genotypes of SDF-1 and CXCR4 were detected through the TaqMan real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method. RESULTS: Our data indicated that the C allele and C/C genotypes of CXCR4 were significantly associated with OPSCC [adjusted odds ratio (AOR)=1.41, 95% confidence interval (CI):1.02-1.96, p=0.037 and AOR=1.51, 95% CI:1.05-2.17, p=0.028, respectively] and OSCC (AOR=1.41, 95%CI:1.00-2.00, p=0.049 and AOR=1.49, 95%CI:1.01-2.20, p=0.044, respectively) risk. Patients with genetic polymorphisms of the genotype combination SDF-1/CXCR4 had a higher risk of OSCC (p trend=0.033). We analyzed the effects of CXCR4 genetic variants on susceptibility to OPSCC in patients with different risk habits of BQ chewing, tobacco smoking and alcohol consumption, and revealed that C/T+T/T genotypes exerted an increased risk only in patients with one (AOR=2.68, p=0.036) or two risk habits (AOR=2.02, p=0.027) compared to patients with the C/C genotype. CONCLUSION: We concluded that CXCR4 C>T can be used as a genetic marker of susceptibility to OPSCC, particularly in OPSCC patients with one or two types of risk habits with a synergistic effect.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Quimiocina CXCL12/genética , Neoplasias Bucais/genética , Neoplasias Faríngeas/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Receptores CXCR4/genética , Progressão da Doença , Etanol/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Bucais/induzido quimicamente , Neoplasias Faríngeas/induzido quimicamente , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Taiwan , Tabaco sem Fumaça/efeitos adversos
18.
Anticancer Res ; 39(6): 2903-2909, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31177128

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between selected polymorphisms of the vascular endothelial growth factor gene (rs699947, rs144854329, rs833061, rs2010963, rs3025039) and the risk of prostate cancer development and progression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study included 446 patients with prostate cancer and 241 healthy men. Genotyping was performed by polymerase-chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. RESULTS: No significant association between the individual polymorphisms studied and the risk of prostate cancer development was detected. A statistically significantly increased risk of prostate cancer development associated with the presence of 9 or 10 risky alleles was found considering the whole group of patients, as well as in patients with low-grade carcinomas (Gleason score <7). CONCLUSION: Individual polymorphisms of VEGF do not appear to contribute to prostate cancer. However, a combination of risky alleles of the studied polymorphisms significantly increases the risk of prostate cancer in Slovak patients.


Assuntos
Estudos de Associação Genética/métodos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Técnicas de Genotipagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Eslovênia
19.
Anticancer Res ; 39(6): 3269-3272, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31177178

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Although genetic factors are presumed to account only for a part of the inter-individual variation in lung cancer susceptibility, the results are conflicting and there are no data available regarding the Polish population. We, therefore, performed a case-control study to investigate the association of seven selected single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), in genes coding for excision repair cross-complimentary group 1 (ERCC1: rs11615, rs3212986, rs2298881), nuclear factor ĸB (NFKB2: rs7897947, rs12769316), bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4: rs1957860), complement receptor 1 (CR1: rs7525160) and del/ins polymorphism in the family hypoxia inducible factor 2 gene (EGLN2: rs10680577), with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) risk. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Real-time PCR with melting curve analysis was used for genotyping of NSCLC patients and healthy individuals of Polish origin. RESULTS: The ERCC1 rs11615 T allele and rs3212986 GG homozygosity were found to be associated with a higher risk of developing NSCLC. In addition, NFKB2 rs12769316 GG homozygosity was more frequently detected among male patients than controls, while no significant differences were found between the five polymorphisms. CONCLUSION: ERCC1 polymorphisms may affect NSCLC risk in the Polish population, while the NFKB2 variant may be a possible marker of the disease in males.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Endonucleases/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Subunidade p52 de NF-kappa B/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Homozigoto , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Fenótipo , Polônia , Fatores de Risco
20.
Hematol Oncol ; 37 Suppl 1: 19-23, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31187528

RESUMO

The revised WHO classification moved all aggressive B-cell lymphomas with a MYC translocation and a concurrent translocation of BCL2 and/or BCL6 into a single diagnostic category. These are the double- and triple-hit lymphomas. These represent a group with typically a poor outcome to conventional therapy, and as a result, intensification of immunochemotherapy has been explored. The optimal approach is far from clear, and recent insight into the biology suggest that they may represent just a subgroup of molecular high-grade B-cell lymphomas that maybe identified by gene expression profiling. There are a number of novel therapeutic approaches under investigation.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Linfoma/genética , Terapia Combinada , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Estudos de Associação Genética/métodos , Testes Genéticos , Humanos , Linfoma/diagnóstico , Linfoma/terapia , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-6/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/genética , Recidiva , Resultado do Tratamento
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