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1.
Eur. j. psychol. appl. legal context (Internet) ; 12(2): 77-84, jul.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-190652

RESUMO

Motivational strategies are among the most promising approaches to improve the effectiveness of batterer intervention programs (BIPs). An individualized motivational plan (IMP) is one of these motivational strategies. The present study aimed to explore whether adding an IMP to a standard BIP improved the participant-facilitator working alliance and participants' protherapeutic behaviors. To this end a randomized controlled trial was conducted. One hundred fifty-three men convicted of intimate partner violence were randomly assigned to either a standard BIP (control condition, n = 79) or a standard BIP plus IMP (experimental condition, n = 74). Working alliance (i.e., general working alliance, agreement, and bond) was assessed with the Working Alliance Inventory-Observer, short version. Protherapeutic behaviors (i.e., assumption of responsibility, participant role behavior, and group value) were assessed with the Observational Coding of Protherapeutic Group Behavior. Both working alliance and protherapeutic behaviors were assessed by an external observer early and late in intervention. Our results showed that both general working alliance and agreement and bond, were significantly higher in the standard BIP plus IMP intervention condition, both early and late in intervention. All protherapeutic behaviors were significantly higher in the standard BIP plus IMP early in intervention, and also late in intervention for assumption of responsibility and group value. Our findings have important practical implications as our results clearly showed that a motivational strategy tool such as the IMP improves key intervention processes (i.e., working alliance and protherapeutic behaviors) in BIPs, therefore increasing their effectiveness


Las estrategias motivacionales se encuentran entre los enfoques más prometedores para mejorar la eficacia de los programas de intervención con maltratadores. El plan motivacional individualizado (PMI) es una de estas estrategias motivacionales. El presente estudio tiene como objetivo explorar si añadir un plan motivacional individualizado a un programa estándar de intervención con maltratadores mejora la alianza de trabajo facilitador-participante y la conducta proterapéutica de los participantes. Para ello se realizó un ensayo clínico aleatorizado. Ciento cincuenta y tres hombres condenados por violencia de género fueron asignados aleatoriamente bien a un programa estándar de intervención con maltratadores (condición control, n = 79) o bien a un programa estándar de intervención con maltratadores más PMI (condición experimental, n = 74). La alianza de trabajo (i.e., alianza general, acuerdo y vínculo) se evaluó con la versión breve del Working Alliance Inventory-Observer. Las conductas proterapéuticas (i.e., asunción de responsabilidad, rol conductual del participante y valoración del grupo) fueron evaluadas con el Observational Coding of Protherapeutic Group Behavior. Tanto la alianza de trabajo como las conductas proterapéuticas fueron evaluadas por un observador externo al principio y al final de la intervención. Los resultados mostraron que tanto la alianza de trabajo general como el acuerdo y el vínculo fueron significativamente mayores en la condición experimental, tanto al principio como al final de la intervención. La expresión de todas las conductas proterapéuticas al inicio de la intervención fue significativamente mayor en la condición experimental, así como al final de la intervención para la asunción de responsabilidad y la valoración del grupo. Los resultados tienen importantes implicaciones prácticas, puesto que muestran con claridad que una estrategia motivacional como el PMI mejora procesos clave de la intervención con maltratadores (i.e., la alianza de trabajo y las conductas proterapéuticas), mejorando por lo tanto la efectividad de estos programas


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Violência de Gênero/prevenção & controle , Psicoterapia de Grupo , Processos Grupais , Motivação , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Fatores Socioeconômicos
2.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 28: e36283, jan.-dez. 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1103400

RESUMO

Objetivo: analisar a influência das composições familiares na ocorrência da gravidez na adolescência. Método:estudo caso-controle, realizado com 74 gestantes adolescentes, grupo de casos, e 74 adultas jovens sem história pregressa de gravidez na adolescência, grupo controle, pareadas pela variável renda familiar. Os dados foram coletados por meio de entrevistas estruturadas realizadas no período deagosto a outubro de 2016 em Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, e em seguida analisados pelos métodos estatísticos descritivo e inferencial. Resultados: identificou-se associação entre a ocorrência do desfecho com pertencer a famílias não nucleares, não permanecer a mesma família durante a infância e adolescência, e a constituição de uma família própria no período da adolescência. Conclusão:verificou-se que adolescentes inseridas em famílias não nucleares estão mais expostas a fatores de risco para ocorrência da gravidez na adolescência, quando comparadas às jovensprovenientes de famílias com ambos os pais.


Objective: to analyze the influence of family compositions in the occurrence of pregnancy in adolescence. Method:this is a case-control study performed with 74 pregnant adolescents, group of cases, and 74 young adults without background history of pregnancy during adolescence, group control, paired by family income. Data were collected through structured interviews conducted in the period from August to October 2016 in Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, and then analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistical methods. Results:we identified an association between the occurrence of the outcome and the belonging to non-nuclear families, as well as the non-belonging to the same family during childhood and adolescence, besides the constitution of an own family in the period of adolescence. Conclusion: checked that adolescents inserted in nonnuclear families are more exposed to risk factors for the occurrence of pregnancy in adolescence when compared to young people coming from families with both parents.


Objetivo: analizar la influencia de las composiciones familiares en la ocurrencia del embarazo adolescente. Método: estudio caso-control efectuado con 74 adolescentes embarazadas, grupo de casos, y 74 jóvenes adultas sin historia anterior de embarazo en la adolescencia, grupo de control, agrupadas por sus ingresos familiares. Los datos se recopilaron mediante entrevistas estructuradas conducidas en el periodo de agosto a octubre de 2016 en Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, y posteriormente analizados por los métodos estadísticos descriptivo e inferencial. Resultados:se identificó una asociación entre la ocurrencia del desenlace y la pertenencia a las familias no nucleares, no permanencia en la misma familia durante niñez y adolescencia, y la constitución de una familia propia en el periodo de la adolescencia. Conclusion: comprobado eso que las adolescentes insertadas en familias no nucleares están más expuestas a los factores de riesgo para la ocurrencia del embarazo adolescente en comparación con las jóvenes provenientes de familias con ambos padres biológicos.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Gravidez na Adolescência/psicologia , Características da Família , Fatores de Risco , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Relações Familiares/psicologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Núcleo Familiar/psicologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Relações Pai-Filho , Relações Mãe-Filho
3.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 66(9): 1217-1224, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33027448

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze whether the implementation of a multidisciplinary educational programme for cardiovascular prevention in public schools can contribute to reducing the FramINGHAM CARDIOVASCULAR RISK SCORE OF THE CHILDREN'S PARENTS AFTER ONE YEAR. METHODS: This was a prospective, community-based, case-control study carried out in public schools in Sao Paulo, Brasil. Students were randomized to receive healthy lifestyle recommendations by two different approaches. The control group received written cardiovascular health educational brochures for their parents. The intervention group received the same brochures for the parents, and the children were exposed to a weekly educational programme on cardiovascular prevention with a multidisciplinary health team for one year. Clinical and laboratorial data were collected at the onset and end of the study. RESULTS: We studied 265 children and their 418 parents. At the baseline, the rate of parents with intermediate or high Framingham scores (risk of cardiovascular disease over the next 10 years greater than 10%) was 6.9% in the control group and 13.3% in the intervention group. After one year, the rate of parents with intermediate or high Framingham risk score was reduced by 22.2% in the intervention group and increased by 33.3% in the control group (p=0.031). The cardiovascular risk factors that improved in the intervention group were blood pressure, LDL-cholesterol (low-density lipoprotein cholesterol), and glucose levels. CONCLUSION: An educational programme on cardiovascular prevention for school-age children in public schools can reduce the cardiovascular risk of their parents.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Brasil , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Humanos , Pais , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
4.
Lancet ; 396(10256): 968-976, 2020 10 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33010842

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is an endogenous counter-regulator of the renin-angiotensin hormonal cascade. We assessed whether plasma ACE2 concentrations were associated with greater risk of death or cardiovascular disease events. METHODS: We used data from the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) prospective study to conduct a case-cohort analysis within a subset of PURE participants (from 14 countries across five continents: Africa, Asia, Europe, North America, and South America). We measured plasma concentrations of ACE2 and assessed potential determinants of plasma ACE2 levels as well as the association of ACE2 with cardiovascular events. FINDINGS: We included 10 753 PURE participants in our study. Increased concentration of plasma ACE2 was associated with increased risk of total deaths (hazard ratio [HR] 1·35 per 1 SD increase [95% CI 1·29-1·43]) with similar increases in cardiovascular and non-cardiovascular deaths. Plasma ACE2 concentration was also associated with higher risk of incident heart failure (HR 1·27 per 1 SD increase [1·10-1·46]), myocardial infarction (HR 1·23 per 1 SD increase [1·13-1·33]), stroke (HR 1·21 per 1 SD increase [1·10-1·32]) and diabetes (HR 1·44 per 1 SD increase [1·36-1·52]). These findings were independent of age, sex, ancestry, and traditional cardiac risk factors. With the exception of incident heart failure events, the independent relationship of ACE2 with the clinical endpoints, including death, remained robust after adjustment for BNP. The highest-ranked determinants of ACE2 concentrations were sex, geographic ancestry, and body-mass index (BMI). When compared with clinical risk factors (smoking, diabetes, blood pressure, lipids, and BMI), ACE2 was the highest ranked predictor of death, and superseded several risk factors as a predictor of heart failure, stroke, and myocardial infarction. INTERPRETATION: Increased plasma ACE2 concentration was associated with increased risk of major cardiovascular events in a global study. FUNDING: Canadian Institute of Health Research, Heart & Stroke Foundation of Canada, and Bayer.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/sangue , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida
5.
Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd ; 127(9): 468-471, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Holandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33011751

RESUMO

Many, mostly older patients suffer from osteoporosis: a chronic skeletal disease causing bone to become more porous and less strong. 2 recent systematic reviews and one long-term prospective multicentre case-control study showed that placing implants in osteoporosis patients is not contraindicated. From these studies it can be concluded that results comparable to those with patients who do not suffer from osteoporosis can be reached. Osseointegration, implant survival rate, marginal bone loss and mucosal parameters do not behave differently than they do in the healthy group of patients.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários/efeitos adversos , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
6.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0240502, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33035234

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A greater understanding of the antibody response to SARS-CoV-2 in an infected population is important for the development of a vaccination. AIM: To investigate SARS-CoV-2 IgA and IgG antibodies in Thai patients with differing severities of COVID-19. METHODS: Plasma from the following patient groups was examined: 118 adult patients with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infections, 49 patients under investigation (without confirmed infections), 20 patients with other respiratory infections, and 102 healthy control patients. Anti-SARS-CoV-2 enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) from EUROIMMUN was performed to assess for IgA and IgG antibodies. The optical density (OD) ratio cutoff for a positive result was 1.1 for IgA and 0.8 for IgG. Additionally, the association of the antibody response with both the severity of disease and the date after onset of symptoms was analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 289 participants were enrolled and 384 samples analyzed from March 10 to May 31, 2020. Patients were categorized, based on their clinical manifestations, as mild (n = 59), moderate (n = 27), or severe (n = 32). The overall sensitivity of IgA and IgG from the samples collected after day 7 of the symptoms was 87.9% (95% CI: 79.8-93.6) and 84.8% (95% CI: 76.2-91.3), respectively. Compared to the mild group, the severe group had significantly higher levels of spike 1 (S1) antigen-specific IgA and IgG. All patients in the moderate and severe groups had S1-specific IgG, while 20% of the patients in the mild group did not have any IgG detected after two weeks after the onset of symptoms. Interestingly, in the severe group, the SARS-CoV-2 IgG level was significantly higher in males than females (p = 0.003). CONCLUSION: The serological test for SARS-CoV-2 has a high sensitivity more than two weeks after the onset of illness. Additionally, the serological response differs among patients based on sex as well as the severity of infection.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Betacoronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/patologia , Pneumonia Viral/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Formação de Anticorpos , Betacoronavirus/genética , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Imunoglobulina M/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , RNA Viral/genética , RNA Viral/metabolismo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/imunologia
7.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 56(10): 754-760, 2020 Oct 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33059418

RESUMO

Objective: To study the diabetic keratopathy in type 2 diabetes patients with retinopathy by in vivo laser confocal microscopy. Methods: This was a case-control study. Ninety type 2 diabetes patients were involved in this study from May 2015 to December 2019 in Qingdao Eye Hospital. According to the diabetic retinopathy clinical stage, these patients were divided into the non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR) group (30 cases), early stage proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) group (30 cases) and intermediate to late stage PDR group (30 cases). Thirty non-diabetic healthy volunteers were included in the control group. The central cornea was observed with an in vivo laser confocal microscope. The corneal nerve fiber density, nerve fiber length, nerve branch density, and nerve fiber tortuosity were compared between groups. The corneal Langerhans cells, epithelial cells, stromal cells and endothelial cells were also compared. Results: There were more nerve fibers and branches in the control group than the other three diabetic groups. The nerve fiber length in the control group, NPDR group, early stage PDR group and intermediate to late stage PDR group was (21.55±2.57), (14.73±1.56), (11.23±1.40) and (8.02±1.33) mm/mm2, respectively, and there were statistically significant differences between the groups (F=316.17, P=0.00). In the nerve fiber density, nerve branch density and curvature, there were statistically significant differences between the groups (F=345.72, 479.46, 167.00, all P=0.00). The basal cell density in the control group, NPDR group, and two PDR groups was (5 761±303), (5 336±367), (4 146±379) and (3 658±365) cells/mm2, respectively, and there were statistically significant differences between the groups (F=234.94, P=0.00). The anterior stromal cell density in the four groups was (836±30), (727±57), (544±59) and (360±47) cells/mm2, respectively, and there were statistically significant differences between the groups (F=535.08, P=0.00). The hexagonal endothelium cell rate in the four groups was 62.0%±5.5%, 51.1%±3.7%, 40.2%±4.0% and 27.8%±3.9%, respectively, and the Langerhans cell density was (1.5±0.6), (4.2±1.3), (6.8±2.1) and (10.9±2.1) cells/mm2, respectively; there were statistically significant differences between the groups (F=342.28, 179.78, all P=0.00). There was no statistically significant difference between the groups in the corneal endothelial cell density (F=1.58, P=0.20). Conclusions: In type 2 diabetes patients with diabetic retinopathy, the corneal nerve fiber and branch density can be significantly reduced, and the density of the hexagonal corneal endothelial cells, epithelial basal cells and anterior stromal cells can also decrease. Langerhans cells may be involved in the development diabetic keratopathy. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2020, 56: 754-760).


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Retinopatia Diabética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Retinopatia Diabética/diagnóstico por imagem , Células Endoteliais , Humanos , Microscopia Confocal
8.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 34(10): 1263-1268, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33063491

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of total hip arthroplasty (THA) in patients with hypothyroidism. Methods: Sixty-three patients with hypothyroidism (hypothyroidism group) and 63 euthyroid patients without history of thyroid disease (control group) who underwent primary unilateral THA between November 2009 and November 2018 were enrolled in this retrospective case control study. There was no significant difference between the two groups in gender, age, body mass index, hip side, reason for THA, American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) classification, preoperative hemoglobin (Hb) level, and preoperative Harris score ( P>0.05). The perioperative thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and thyroxine (T 4) levels, the hypothyroidism-related and other complications during hospitalization, the decrease in Hb, perioperative total blood loss, blood transfusion rate, length of hospital stays, and 90 days readmissions rate in the two groups were recorded and evaluated. The periprosthetic joint infection, aseptic loosening of the prosthesis, and hip Harris score during follow-up were recorded. Results: The differences in the TSH and T 4 of hypothyroidism group between pre- and 3 days post-operation were significant ( P>0.05) and no hypothyroidism-related complications occurred after THA. The decrease in Hb and perioperative total blood loss in the hypothyroidism group were significantly higher than those in the control group ( P<0.05), but there was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of transfusion rate, length of hospital stays, and 90 days readmission rates ( P>0.05). No significant difference in the rate of complications (liver dysfunction, heart failure, pulmonary infection, urinary infection, and wound complication) between the two groups was found ( P>0.05) except for the rate of intramuscular vein thrombosis which was significantly lower in the hypothyroidism group, and the rate of postoperative anemia which was significantly higher in the hypothyroidism group ( P<0.05). The two groups were followed up 1.0-9.9 years (mean, 6.5 years). At last follow-up, Harris score in both groups were significantly higher than those before operation ( P<0.05). An increase of 39.5±12.3 in hypothyroidism group and 41.3±9.3 in control group were recorded, but no significant difference was found between the two groups ( t=0.958, P=0.340). During the follow-up, 1 case of periprosthetic joint infection occurred in the hypothyroidism group, no loosening or revision was found in the control group. Conclusion: With the serum TSH controlled within 0.5-3.0 mU/L and T 4 at normal level preoperatively, as well as the application of multiple blood management, hypothyroid patients can safely go through THA perioperative period and effectively improve joint function, quality of life, and obtain good mid-term effectiveness.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Hipotireoidismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Articulação do Quadril/cirurgia , Humanos , Hipotireoidismo/etiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 56(10): 768-773, 2020 Oct 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33059420

RESUMO

Objective: To observe the clinical effect of modified conjunctival transplantation and amniotic membrane transplantation combined with use of interferon (IFN) alpha-2b eye drops in the treatment of primary pterygium. Methods: This was a prospective case-control study. Patients with primary pterygium were treated from June 1, 2018 to December 31, 2018 in the Department of Ophthalmology, Beijing Tongren Hospital, and they were divided into two groups (the experimental group and the control group) by the method of randomized block design. Patients in the experimental group received modified conjunctival transplantation and amniotic membrane transplantation combined with use of IFN alpha-2b eye drops, while patients in the control group received pterygium resection combined with conjunctival autograft transplantation. The pterygium type and size were observed before operation, while visual acuity, intraocular pressure and anterior segment details were recorded either. The follow-up was done at 1 week, 2 weeks, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months and 12 months after operation. The visual acuity, corneal epithelial defect, and pterygium recurrence were observed. All data in this manuscript are enumeration data, the expected frequency of pterygium type distribution in the two groups was more than 5, and the chi square test was used, fisher's exact test was used to compare the other data between the two groups. Results: Seventy patients (77 eyes) with pterygium were in this study, including 30 males and 40 females, aged from 50-70 years old. There were 35 cases (38 eyes) in the experimental group and 35 cases (39 eyes) in the control group. 12 months after operation there were 54 cases (60 eyes) including 28 cases (30 eyes) in the experimental group and 26 cases (30 eyes) in the control group with complete data. The corneal epithelium defects of 1 eye in each group was repaired within 7-14 days after operation, and the rest eyes were completely repaired within 7 days after operation. There was no significant difference in the distribution of corneal epithelial healing between the two groups (P= 1.00). There was no significant difference between the two groups in the number of eyes distribute with decreased visual acuity (2 eyes in each group), stable visual acuity (15 eyes in the experimental group and 23 eyes in the control group), and improved visual acuity (13 eyes in the experimental group and 5 eyes in the control group) (P=0.053). There was no recurrence in the two groups at 12 months after surgery, and there was no significant difference between the two groups in the number of patients with conjunctival hyperplasia of grades 1, 2 and 3 (P=0.405). Conclusions: Modified conjunctival transplantation and amniotic membrane transplantation combined with use of IFN alpha-2b eye drops got low recurrence rate for primary pterygium and less damage to the healthy conjunctival tissue. This combined treatment strategy provides a new choice for the treatment of pterygium. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2020, 56: 768-773).


Assuntos
Âmnio , Interferon alfa-2 , Pterígio , Idoso , Âmnio/transplante , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Interferon alfa-2/uso terapêutico , Interferons , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Soluções Oftálmicas , Estudos Prospectivos , Pterígio/tratamento farmacológico , Pterígio/cirurgia
10.
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu ; 49(5): 716-723, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33070811

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between single nucleotides polymorphism of catalase(CAT) gene and susceptibility to noise-induced hearing loss(NIHL) in occupational noise exposed population. METHODS: A case-control study of 1∶1 was conducted to select 286 workers with binaural high frequency average hearing threshold ≥40 dB(HL), from 2006 to 2015 in a cohort study of occupational noise exposure workers in Henan Province. According to the type of work, the age difference was not more than 5 years and the length of exposure to noise was not more than 2 years. The polymorphism of 8 single nucleotides in CAT gene was detected by medium SNPscanTM, and the relationship between 8 single nucleotides polymorphism of CAT gene and NIHL susceptibility was analyzed by multivariate conditional logistic regression. RESULTS: Under the dominant model of rs208679 locus of CAT gene [(GA GG)/AA], the risk of NIHL in individuals carrying GA or GG genotype was 1. 431 times higher than that in individuals carrying AA genotype(95%CI 1. 020-2. 009), and P=0. 038. CONCLUSION: G, a mutant at rs208679 site of CAT gene, may be one of the risk factors for NIHL susceptibility.


Assuntos
Perda Auditiva Provocada por Ruído , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Catalase/genética , Estudos de Coortes , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Perda Auditiva Provocada por Ruído/epidemiologia , Perda Auditiva Provocada por Ruído/genética , Humanos , Nucleotídeos
11.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 276-279, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017982

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate individual level of natural variability of electroencephalogram (EEG) based markers. Three linear: alpha power variability, spectral asymmetry index, relative gamma power and three nonlinear methods: Higuchi's fractal dimension, detrended fluctuation analysis, and Lempel-Ziv complexity were selected. The markers were evaluated over 15 sessions acquired in 14 months. The results indicate that individual natural variability for five of the selected markers is lower compared to differences between healthy and depressed groups of subjects in our previous studies. The results of the current study suggest that EEG based markers can be applied for evaluation of disturbances in brain activity at individual level.Clinical Relevance-The indicated stability in the current study of widely used EEG-based markers at individual level suggests a promising opportunity to apply EEG as a novel method in diagnoses of brain mental disorders in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Encéfalo , Eletroencefalografia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Fractais , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22249, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019400

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To comprehensively evaluate the treatment efficacy and safety of silymarin for patients with glucose/lipid metabolic dysfunction using a meta-analysis. METHODS: A systematic literature search in PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library databases was performed up to October 1, 2019. STATA 13.0 software was used to estimate pooled standardized mean difference (SMD) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI). RESULTS: Sixteen studies involving 1358 patients were identified. Overall meta-analysis showed that compared with control, silymarin significantly reduced levels of fasting blood glucose (SMD: -1.27, 95% CI = [-1.78, -0.76]; P < .001), homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance (SMD: -0.41, 95% CI = [-0.70, -0.12]; P = .005), hemoglobin A1c (SMD: -1.88, 95% CI = [-2.57, -1.20]; P < .001), total cholesterol (SMD: -1.13, 95% CI = [-1.82, -0.77]; P < .001), triglyceride (SMD: -0.37, 95% CI = [-0.69, -0.05]; P = .025), low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (SMD: -1.30, 95% CI = [-1.93, -0.67]; P < .001), C-reactive protein (SMD: -0.63, 95% CI = [-1.01, -0.27]; P = .001), and increased high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (SMD: 0.17, 95% CI = [0.05, 0.29]; P = .005), but had no impacts on function indicators of liver and kidney (alanine transaminase, aspartate aminotransferase, creatinine phosphokinase, creatinine) and the complication rate. Subgroup analyses indicated that insulin (which was negative in overall analysis) was significantly decreased in patients undergoing silymarin monotherapy (SMD: -2.03, 95% CI = [-3.03, -1.04]; P = .044) for more than 3 months (SMD: -0.01, 95% CI = [-0.25, -0.24]; P = .035). CONCLUSION: Supplementation of silymarin may be effective and safe for the management of diabetes mellitus and hyperlipidemia.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Doenças Metabólicas/tratamento farmacológico , Silimarina/uso terapêutico , Antioxidantes/administração & dosagem , Antioxidantes/efeitos adversos , Biomarcadores Farmacológicos , Glicemia/análise , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Hemoglobina A Glicada , Humanos , Resistência à Insulina/fisiologia , Testes de Função Renal , Lipídeos/sangue , Testes de Função Hepática , Silimarina/administração & dosagem , Silimarina/efeitos adversos
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22334, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019409

RESUMO

This study aims to establish a diagnostic model of coronary heart disease (CHD) for diabetic foot (DF) patients.The clinical data of 489 hospitalized patients with DF were retrospectively analyzed in this case-control study. The patients were divided into the CHD group (DF with CHD, n = 212) and the control group (DF without CHD, n = 277). Univariate analysis was performed to screen for CHD-related risk factors, and multivariate logistic regression analysis was conducted to determine significant CHD risk factors. Scores were assigned according to the ratio of risk factors (OR) to establish a diagnostic model of CHD for patients with DF. The area under the ROC curve was used to test the application value of the diagnostic model.The logistic regression analysis showed that the risk factors for CHD in DF patients were age, duration of diabetes, toe-brachial index, hyperuricemia, and chronic renal insufficiency. The area under the ROC curve of the diagnostic model was 0.798 (0.759-0.837), the diagnostic point of CHD was 6 points, the diagnostic sensitivity was 69.3%, and the specificity was 76.5%.The established model has good diagnostic value and provides the basis for preliminary screening for CHD in patients with DF.


Assuntos
Doença das Coronárias/diagnóstico , Doença das Coronárias/epidemiologia , Pé Diabético/epidemiologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Índice Tornozelo-Braço , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperuricemia/epidemiologia , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Curva ROC , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
14.
mSphere ; 5(5)2020 10 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33028689

RESUMO

Since the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Wuhan, China, it has rapidly spread around the world. Persons with asymptomatic disease exhibit viral shedding, resulting in transmission, which presents disease control challenges. However, the clinical characteristics of these asymptomatic individuals remain elusive. We collected samples of 25 asymptomatic and 27 symptomatic COVID-19 patients. Viral titers of throat swabs were determined by quantitative reverse transcription-PCR (qRT-PCR). COVID-19 IgG and IgM were examined. Complete blood counts were determined, and serum biochemistry panels were performed. Cytokines, including gamma interferon (IFN-γ), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin 2 (IL-2), IL-4, IL-6, and IL-10 were evaluated. T cell, B cell, and NK cell counts were measured using flow cytometry. Although similar viral loads were detected, asymptomatic patients had significantly faster virus turnover than symptomatic patients. Additionally, asymptomatic patients had higher counts of lymphocytes, T cells, B cells, and NK cells. While liver damage was observed in symptomatic patients, as indicated by elevated liver enzymes and decreased liver-synthesized proteins in the blood, asymptomatic patients showed normal liver measurements. Lactate dehydrogenase, a COVID-19 risk factor, was significantly lower in asymptomatic patients. These results suggest that asymptomatic COVID-19 patients had normal clinical indicators and faster viral clearance than symptomatic patients. Lymphocytes may play a role in their asymptomatic phenotype. Since asymptomatic patients may be a greater risk of virus transmission than symptomatic patients, public health interventions and a broader range of testing may be necessary for the control of COVID-19.IMPORTANCE Asymptomatic transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a potential problem for pandemic control through public health strategies. Our results demonstrate that asymptomatic COVID-19 patients have better outcomes than symptomatic patients. This may have been due to more active cellular immune responses and normal liver function. Since asymptomatic patients have no clinical symptoms which can easily prevent timely diagnosis and treatment, they may cause a greater risk of virus transmission than symptomatic patients, which poses a major challenge to infection control. Evidence suggests that nonpharmaceutical public health interventions, like social distancing and face mask ordinances, play important roles in the control of COVID-19. Looking forward, it may be necessary to proceed cautiously while reopening businesses in areas of epidemicity to prevent potential waves of COVID-19 in the future.


Assuntos
Infecções Assintomáticas , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Adulto , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Eliminação de Partículas Virais
15.
BMC Pulm Med ; 20(1): 269, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33066765

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has spread to almost 100 countries, infected over 31 M patients and resulted in 961 K deaths worldwide as of 21st September 2020. The major clinical feature of severe COVID-19 requiring ventilation is acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) with multi-functional failure as a result of a cytokine storm with increased serum levels of cytokines. The pathogenesis of the respiratory failure in COVID-19 is yet unknown, but diffuse alveolar damage with interstitial thickening leading to compromised gas exchange is a plausible mechanism. Hypoxia is seen in the COVID-19 patients, however, patients present with a distinct phenotype. Intracellular levels of nitric oxide (NO) play an important role in the vasodilation of small vessels. To elucidate the intracellular levels of NO inside of RBCs in COVID-19 patients compared with that of healthy control subjects. METHODS: We recruited 14 COVID-19 infected cases who had pulmonary involvement of their disease, 4 non-COVID-19 healthy controls (without pulmonary involvement and were not hypoxic) and 2 hypoxic non-COVID-19 patients subjects who presented at the Masih Daneshvari Hospital of Tehran, Iran between March-May 2020. Whole blood samples were harvested from patients and intracellular NO levels in 1 × 106 red blood cells (RBC) was measured by DAF staining using flow cytometry (FACS Calibour, BD, CA, USA). RESULTS: The Mean florescent of intensity for NO was significantly enhanced in COVID-19 patients compared with healthy control subjects (P ≤ 0.05). As a further control for whether hypoxia induced this higher intracellular NO, we evaluated the levels of NO inside RBC of hypoxic patients. No significant differences in NO levels were seen between the hypoxic and non-hypoxic control group. CONCLUSIONS: This pilot study demonstrates increased levels of intracellular NO in RBCs from COVID-19 patients. Future multi-centre studies should examine whether this is seen in a larger number of COVID-19 patients and whether NO therapy may be of use in these severe COVID-19 patients.


Assuntos
Dióxido de Carbono/metabolismo , Infecções por Coronavirus/metabolismo , Eritrócitos/metabolismo , Hipóxia/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Pneumonia Viral/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doenças Assintomáticas , Betacoronavirus , Gasometria , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Hipóxia/sangue , Hipóxia/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pressão Parcial , Projetos Piloto , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/sangue , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/complicações , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/metabolismo , Vasodilatação , Adulto Jovem
16.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 45(9): 1074-1081, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33051421

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore the influence factors for pernicious placenta previa (PPP) with placenta accreta and pregnancy outcomes of different types of PPP. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted to collect 410 PPP patients admitted to a general hospital in Changsha from December 2013 to February 2018. Two hundred and fifty cases of PPP with placenta accreta were treated as a case group, and 160 cases of PPP without placenta accreta were treated as a control group. The relationship between clinical data and placenta accreta was analyzed, and the pregnancy outcomes of PPP was observed according to different types of placenta previa. RESULTS: Logistic regression showed that delivery times were more than 2 (OR=3.221), cesarean section times were more than 2 (OR=3.048), central placenta previa (OR=3.607), placental attachment site (anterior wall) (OR=4.592) were independent risk factors for PPP with placenta accrete (P<0.05). Living in cities (OR=0.614), systematic prenatal examination (OR=0.590) were protective factors (P<0.05). Average intraoperative blood loss, postpartum bleeding rate, hysterectomy rate in the central group were all higher than those in the marginal and low-set group. The incidence rates of ICU transfer, complications, and hospital stay were higher or longer than those in the marginal group (P'<0.008). There was no significant difference in stillbirth rate among the 4 groups (P>0.05). Preterm delivery rate was higher than that of the marginal and low-set group, and the birth weight was lower than that of the low-set group. Apgar score at 1 min and asphyxia rate were lower and higher than those of the other 3 groups, respectively (P'<0.008). CONCLUSIONS: Delivery times (>2), cesarean section times (≥2), central placenta previa, placenta attachment site (anterior wall) are independent risk factors for PPP with placenta accreta. Living in cities, systematic prenatal examination were protective factors. The central PPP is more likely to lead to postpartum hemorrhage, hysterectomy, and increases in the risk of preterm birth, low birth weight as well as asphyxia of fetus, which seriously threatens maternal and fetal life.


Assuntos
Placenta Acreta , Placenta Prévia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Cesárea , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Placenta Acreta/epidemiologia , Placenta Acreta/cirurgia , Placenta Prévia/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e21503, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019382

RESUMO

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a leading cause of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but HBV-HCC related prognosis signature remains rarely investigated. This study was to identify an integrated long non-coding RNAs-messenger RNAs (lncRNA-mRNA) signature for prediction of overall survival (OS) and explore their underlying functions.One RNA-sequencing dataset (training set, n = 95) and one microarray dataset E-TABM-36 (validation set, n = 44) were collected. Least absolute shrinkage and selection operator analysis was performed to identify an lncRNA-mRNA prognosis signature. The OS difference of patients in the high-risk and low-risk risk groups was evaluated by Kaplan-Meier curve. Area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), Harrell concordance index (C-index) calculation, and multivariate analyses with clinical characteristics were used to determine the prognostic ability. Furthermore, a coexpression network was constructed to interpret the functions.Nine signature genes (3 lncRNAs and 6 mRNAs) were selected to generate the risk score model. Patients belonging to the high-risk group showed a significantly shorter survival than those of the low-risk group. The prediction accuracy of the risk score for 5-year OS was 0.936 and 0.905 for the training set and validation set, respectively. Also, this risk score was independent of various clinical variables for the prognosis prediction. Incorporation of the risk score remarkably increased the predictive power of the routine clinical prognostic factors (vascular invasion status, tumor recurrence status) (AUC = 0.942 vs 0.628; C-index = 0.7997 vs 0.6908). Furthermore, LncRNA insulin-like growth factor 2 antisense RNA (IGF2-AS) and long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 342 (LINC00342) were predicted to exert tumor suppression effects by regulating homeobox D1 (HOXD1) and secreted frizzled related protein 5 (SFRP5), respectively; while lncRNA rhophilin Rho GTPase binding protein 1 antisense RNA 1 (RHPN1-AS1) may possess carcinogenic potential by promoting the transcription of chromobox 2 (CBX2), cell division cycle 20 (CDC20), matrix metallopeptidase 12 (MMP12), stratifin (SFN), tripartite motif containing 16 (TRIM16), and uroplakin 3A (UPK3A). These mRNAs may be associated with cell proliferation or apoptosis related pathways.This study may provide a novel, effective prognostic biomarker, and some therapeutic targets for HBV-HCC patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Hepatite B/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/virologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Medição de Risco
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22240, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019398

RESUMO

Children with end stage renal disease (ESRD) are liable to various health disorders that possibly impair their quality of life (QoL). Low dietary intake of Omega-3 fatty acids also called marine n-3 fatty acid (n-3 FA) may be associated with health problems which are among the leading causes of impaired QoL.The objective of this study was to assess the effect of omega-3 Fatty acid (n-3 FA) supplements on quality of life among children on dialysis and to evaluate its use regarding adequacy of dialysis and inflammatory markers.A prospective cohort study was conducted on 31 hemodialysis children. Quality of life was measured for patients and an equal number of matched controls using the PedsQL Inventory where the higher the score the poorer is the quality of life. n-3FA supplementation had been given to the patients for 3 months to study its effects on QoL. Laboratory investigations like hemoglobin, lipid profile, inflammatory markers, and tests for adequacy of dialysis had been carried out.Patients had significantly higher QoL scores (42.22 ±â€Š13.31) than controls (22.70 ±â€Š1.31) (P < .001). Young ages showed higher score of physical functioning (18.23 ±â€Š4.22) than older ones (13.92 ±â€Š6.84) (P = .049). Females had significantly higher total QoL score (25.53 ±â€Š6.61) than males (20.06 ±â€Š7.09) (P = .010). The total QoL score was significantly lower post than pre administration of n-3FA (35.41 ±â€Š10.36 vs 42.22 ±â€Š13.31) (P < .001). Triglycerides and CRP were significantly lower post than pre n-3FA supplementation (160.64 ±â€Š32.55 vs 169.35 ±â€Š31.82) (P < .001) and (10.29 ±â€Š4.39 vs 11.19 ±â€Š4.83) (P = .006) respectively. Means of Kt/V and urea reduction ratio (URR) were significantly higher post (1.37 ±â€Š0.09, 70.0 ±â€Š5.99 respectively) than pre n-3FA (1.31 ±â€Š0.07 and 65.25 ±â€Š6.06 respectively) (P = .005, .001 respectively).Quality of life and adequacy of dialysis get improved after n-3FA supplementation among children on dialysis which encourages its testing for more patients to evaluate its long term effects and support its routine use.


Assuntos
Suplementos Nutricionais , Ácidos Graxos Ômega-3/administração & dosagem , Qualidade de Vida , Diálise Renal/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Falência Renal Crônica , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Melhoria de Qualidade , Diálise Renal/psicologia
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22432, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019423

RESUMO

Nesfatin-1 was identified as a satiety factor involved in the regulation of metabolism. Altered levels of circulating nesfatin-1 had been observed in a variety of diseases characterized by energy imbalance. However, there was no published data about nesfatin-1 levels in acromegaly.We evaluated serum nesfatin-1 levels in 13 patients with acromegaly at baseline and postoperatively, and in 21 age- and body mass index (BMI)-matched healthy subjects.Compared with the healthy subjects, patients with acromegaly had significantly increased levels of serum insulin, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglyceride, and growth hormone (GH). Moreover, the acromegaly group had nesfatin-1 levels higher than controls (1.96 ±â€Š0.56 ng/mL vs 0.61 ±â€Š0.10 ng/mL, P = .004). There was a positive correlation of serum nesfatin-1 levels with diastolic blood pressure (r = 0.579, P = .038) and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) (r = 0.598, P = .031) in patients with acromegaly. While a successful surgery decreased serum GH levels, the serum nesfatin-1 levels did not change in acromegaly (P = .965). At last, we compared serum GH/nesfatin-1 levels with predictive markers for aggressive behaviors in pituitary adenomas. There was no relationship between serum nesfatin-1 levels and tumor's size, Ki-67 index, mutant p53, or MGMT proteins. However, increased serum GH levels were positively correlated with tumors' size (P = .023) and mutant p53 proteins expression (P = .028).Circulating nesfatin-1 was increased in acromegaly, which was involved in metabolism regulation.


Assuntos
Acromegalia/sangue , Nucleobindinas/sangue , Adenoma/sangue , Adenoma/patologia , Adenoma/cirurgia , Adulto , Pressão Sanguínea , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Hormônio do Crescimento Humano/sangue , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/sangue , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/patologia , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia , Curva ROC
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22441, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019427

RESUMO

It has been suggested that herpes zoster may increase the risk of subsequent prostate cancer (PCa). We aimed to assess the risk of PCa following herpes zoster by the population-based follow-up study.This is a retrospective study and data are from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD). The study cohort comprised all patients with a diagnosis of herpes zoster (International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification code 053.0-053.9) and followed for PCa from 1997 to 2013 (n = 11,376). Subjects younger than 20 years of age were excluded. The match-control cohort was identified from the Registry of Beneficiaries of the NHIRD and randomly selected by matching with the study cohort at a 3:1 ratio based on age (every 5-year span), and year of herpes zoster diagnosis (n = 34,128). We used Cox proportional hazards regression models to estimate the hazard ratios (HRs) for subsequent PCa, after controlling for potential cormobidities.Men with and without herpes zoster had similar age and comorbidity distributions. Among the 45,504 sampled patients, 1011 (2.22%) developed PCa during the 10 years of follow-up, 276 (2.43%) from the study cohort and 735 (2.15%) from the match-control cohort and the incidence rate was 3.13 and 2.72 per 1000 person years respectively. Patients with herpes zoster were more likely to develop PCa than patients in the match-control cohort (HR = 1.15; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.00-1.32, P value = .045). After adjusting for age and comorbidities, herpes zoster was associated with a 1.15 increased risk of PCa (adjusted HR = 1.15, 95% CI = 0.99-1.32, P value = .054).Our study indicates that preceding herpes zoster infection is a suggestive risk marker for subsequent PCa after controlling for potential confounders. Further prospective studies are needed to determine the relationship between herpes zoster and PCa.


Assuntos
Herpes Zoster/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Causalidade , Bases de Dados Factuais , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Taiwan/epidemiologia
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