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1.
Transcult Psychiatry ; 59(2): 111-115, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35442116

RESUMO

This special issue of Transcultural Psychiatry on training in cultural psychiatry discusses translating research into improvements in mental health care for refugees and migrants. This topic is timely because, in addition to a global increase in migration, the number of forcibly displaced people is growing rapidly due to war and conflicts. We know that migrants, particularly refugees, are at increased risk of psychiatric disorders, including psychotic disorders and post-traumatic stress. Despite this, there is evidence of major disparities in care for minorities, migrants, and refugees. The gap between needs related to mental health care for migrants, refugees, and minority groups and available services points to the need to improve accessibility and adapt systems, services, and interventions. Health professionals have a key role in ensuring the quality of care. Their capacity to cope with new challenges depends on their competence, knowledge, skills, and attitudes toward their patients' needs. Mental health professionals need training in working with cultural diversity and structural competence to understand, treat, and support migrant and refugee patients-and to respond to racial discrimination. Mental health care services need to reduce barriers to providing adequate resources, including supporting skills training for mental health professionals. Hopefully, this thematic special issue will motivate further research, discussion, and sharing of local experience and pedagogical methods in this vital field.


Assuntos
Refugiados , Migrantes , Etnopsicologia , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Refugiados/psicologia , Tradução
2.
Transcult Psychiatry ; 59(1): 3-12, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35179066

RESUMO

This article introduces a thematic issue of Transcultural Psychiatry on suicide in cultural context. Developmental and social structural factors including exposure to violence, childhood abuse and privation, as well as intractable social problems that create psychic pain and a sense of entrapment have been shown to increase the risk of suicidal behavior. However, all of the major social determinants identified in suicide research are influenced or mediated by particular cultural meanings and contexts. To move beyond crude generalizations about suicide based on psychological theories developed mainly in Western contexts and culture-specific prototypes or exemplars, we need more fine-grained analysis of the experience of diverse populations. The articles in this issue provide clear illustrations of the impact of cultural and contextual factors in the causes of suicide, with implications for psychiatric research, theory, and practice. Cross-cultural research points to the possibility of developing a typology of social predicaments affecting specific sociodemographic groups and populations. This typology could be elaborated and applied in clinical and public health practice through an ecosocial approach that considers the ways that suicide is embodied and enacted in social systemic contexts.


Assuntos
Suicídio , Criança , Etnopsicologia , Humanos , Ideação Suicida , Suicídio/psicologia , Violência
3.
Nat Hum Behav ; 6(2): 236-243, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35115678

RESUMO

Widespread misperceptions about COVID-19 and the novel coronavirus threaten to exacerbate the severity of the pandemic. We conducted preregistered survey experiments in the United States, Great Britain and Canada examining the effectiveness of fact-checks that seek to correct these false or unsupported beliefs. Across three countries with differing levels of political conflict over the pandemic response, we demonstrate that fact-checks reduce targeted misperceptions, especially among the groups who are most vulnerable to these claims, and have minimal spillover effects on the accuracy of related beliefs. However, these reductions in COVID-19 misperception beliefs do not persist over time in panel data even after repeated exposure. These results suggest that fact-checks can successfully change the COVID-19 beliefs of the people who would benefit from them most but that their effects are ephemeral.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Comunicação , Cultura , SARS-CoV-2/patogenicidade , Percepção Social/psicologia , Atitude Frente a Saúde , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/psicologia , COVID-19/virologia , Canadá/epidemiologia , Etnopsicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Psicologia Social/métodos , Psicologia Social/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde Pública/ética , Mídias Sociais , Reino Unido/epidemiologia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
5.
J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci ; 77(2): 332-340, 2022 02 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34036302

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Older adults tend to have poorer Theory of Mind (ToM) than their younger counterparts, and this has been shown in both Western and Asian cultures. We examined the role of working memory (WM) in age differences in ToM, and whether this was moderated by education and culture (the United Kingdom vs. Malaysia). METHODS: We used 2 ToM tests with differing demands on updating multiple mental states (false belief) and applying social rules to mental state processing (faux pas). We also looked at the role of education, socioeconomic status, and WM. A total of 298 participants from the United Kingdom and Malaysia completed faux pas, false belief, and WM tasks. RESULTS: Age effects on some aspects of ToM were greater in the Malaysian compared to the UK sample. Malaysian older adults were poorer at faux pas detection, aspects of false belief, and WM compared to young adults. In subsequent moderated mediation analyses, we found that, specifically in the Malaysian sample, the mediating effects of WM on the age and ToM relationship occurred at the lowest levels of education. DISCUSSION: This pattern of results may reflect changes in the familiarity and cognitive load of explicit mental state attribution, along with cultural differences in the pace and nature of cognitive aging. Cultural differences in education and WM should be considered when researching age differences in ToM.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento Cognitivo/psicologia , Etnopsicologia/métodos , Memória de Curto Prazo , Teoria da Mente , Idoso , Antecipação Psicológica , Cognição , Cultura , Escolaridade , Função Executiva , Feminino , Humanos , Malásia , Masculino , Classe Social , Reino Unido
6.
Cult Med Psychiatry ; 46(2): 531-563, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34328610

RESUMO

In low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) it is vital to understand acceptable, comprehensive, and culturally appropriate ways of communicating about mental distress. Diagnostic terminology is rarely used, may be stigmatizing, and is subject to misinterpretation. Local terms, such as idioms of distress, can improve mental health literacy and service delivery. Our objective was to examine lived experience and coping connected to distress and depression in an under-researched population: young men from LMIC urban slums. We conducted 60 qualitative interviews with men (ages 18-29) in Bhashantek slum, Bangladesh. Themes were generated using thematic analysis and grounded theory techniques. The heart-mind (mon), mentality (manoshikota), mood (mejaj), head (matha or "brain"), and body (shorir) comprised the self-concept, and were related to sadness, hopelessness, anger, worry, and mental illness. The English word "tension" was the central idiom of distress. "Tension" existed on a continuum, from mild distress or motivational anxiety, to moderate distress including rumination and somatic complaints, to severe psychopathology including anhedonia and suicidality. Respondents connected "tension" to burnout experiences and mental illness which was summarized in an ethnopsychological model. These findings can inform culturally sensitive measurement tools and interventions that are acceptable to the community, potentially increasing engagement and enhancing therapeutic outcomes.


Assuntos
Depressão , Áreas de Pobreza , Adolescente , Adulto , Ansiedade , Bangladesh , Etnopsicologia , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
7.
Transcult Psychiatry ; 58(5): 603-615, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34636712

RESUMO

This article introduces a thematic issue of Transcultural Psychiatry with selected papers from the McGill Advanced Study Institute in Cultural Psychiatry on "Pluralism and Polarization: Cultural Contexts and Dynamics of Radicalization," which took place June 20-22, 2017. The ASI brought together an interdisciplinary group scholars to consider the role of social dynamics, cultural contexts and psychopathology in radicalization to violent extremism. Papers addressed four broad topics: (1) current meanings and uses of the term radicalization; (2) personal and social determinants of violent radicalization, including individual psychology, interpersonal dynamics, and wider social-historical, community and network processes; (3) social and cultural contexts and trajectories of radicalization including the impact of structural and historical forces associated with colonization and globalization as well as contemporary political, economic and security issues faced by youth and disaffected groups; and (4) approaches to community prevention and clinical intervention to reduce the risk of violent radicalization. In this introductory essay, we revisit these themes, define key terms, and outline some of the theoretical and empirical insights in the contributions to this issue. Efforts to prevent violent radicalization face challenges because social media and the Internet allow the rapid spread of polarizing images and ideas. The escalation of security measures and policies also serves to confirm the worldview of conspiracy theory adherents. In addition to addressing the structural inequities that fuel feelings of anger and resentment, we need to promote solidarity among diverse communities by building a pluralistic civil society that offers a meaningful alternative to the violent rhetorics of us and them.


Assuntos
Etnopsicologia , Terrorismo , Adolescente , Agressão , Humanos , Violência
8.
Nat Hum Behav ; 5(10): 1358-1368, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34446916

RESUMO

How do concepts of mental life vary across cultures? By asking simple questions about humans, animals and other entities - for example, 'Do beetles get hungry? Remember things? Feel love?' - we reconstructed concepts of mental life from the bottom up among adults (N = 711) and children (ages 6-12 years, N = 693) in the USA, Ghana, Thailand, China and Vanuatu. This revealed a cross-cultural and developmental continuity: in all sites, among both adults and children, cognitive abilities travelled separately from bodily sensations, suggesting that a mind-body distinction is common across diverse cultures and present by middle childhood. Yet there were substantial cultural and developmental differences in the status of social-emotional abilities - as part of the body, part of the mind or a third category unto themselves. Such differences may have far-reaching social consequences, whereas the similarities identify aspects of human understanding that may be universal.


Assuntos
Cognição , Inteligência Emocional , Percepção , Sensação , Adulto , Criança , Comparação Transcultural , Etnopsicologia , Feminino , Desenvolvimento Humano , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Masculino , Relações Metafísicas Mente-Corpo , Comportamento Social
10.
Rev Colomb Psiquiatr (Engl Ed) ; 50(2): 138-145, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34099250

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cultural psychiatry evaluates manifestations, symptoms of emotional distress and mental disorders in diverse cultural contexts; it also addresses social problems such as poverty, violence, inequalities between groups or social classes. OBJECTIVE: To present a narrative review of the most relevant cultural aspects in the context of clinical practice in psychiatry and to suggest some alternatives to improve the cultural competence of health care professionals. METHOD: A narrative review was carried out of the most relevant articles in the area. RESULTS: Usually, the cultural argument is used to explain differences in observed prevalences in some mental disorders according to gender and geographical location. Cultural differences modify the expression of emotional distress and this can reduce the accuracy and affect the reliability and validity of the current diagnostic classification used in psychiatry. The American Psychiatric Association, in the most recent classification, revised cultural syndromes but only included a limited number of situations. Consequently, medical education and psychiatry must respond to diverse populations and provide quality care through the development of trans-cultural competence in the curriculum. CONCLUSIONS: It should be considered that cultural differences modify the expression of distress and thereby undermine the validity and reliability for diagnoses in distinct cultural contexts. In an increasingly globalised world, future classifications may completely omit 'cultural syndromes'.


Assuntos
Etnopsicologia , Transtornos Mentais , Competência Cultural , Manual Diagnóstico e Estatístico de Transtornos Mentais , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estados Unidos
11.
Cult Med Psychiatry ; 45(3): 359-384, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33905076

RESUMO

In the mid-twentieth century, in the aftermath of WWII and the Nazi atrocities and in the midst of decolonisation, a new discipline of transcultural psychiatry was being established and institutionalised. This was part and parcel of a global political project in the course of which Western psychiatry attempted to leave behind its colonial legacies and entanglements, and lay the foundation for a more inclusive, egalitarian communication between Western and non-Western concepts of mental illness and healing. In this period, the infrastructure of post-colonial global and transcultural psychiatry was set up, and leading psychiatric figures across the world embarked on identifying, debating and sometimes critiquing the universal psychological characteristics and psychopathological mechanisms supposedly shared among all cultures and civilisations. The article will explore how this psychiatric, social and cultural search for a new definition of 'common humanity' was influenced and shaped by the concurrent global rise of social psychiatry. In the early phases of transcultural psychiatry, a large number of psychiatrists were very keen to determine how cultural and social environments shaped the basic traits of human psychology, and 'psy' practitioners and anthropologist from all over the world sought to re-define the relationship between culture, race and individual psyche. Most of them worked within the universalist framework, which posited that cultural differences merely formed a veneer of symptoms and expressions while the universal core of mental illness remained the same across all cultures. The article will argue that, even in this context, which explicitly challenged the hierarchical and racist paradigms of colonial psychiatry, the founding generations of transcultural psychiatrists from Western Europe and North America tended to conceive of broader environmental determinants of mental health and pathology in the decolonising world in fairly reductionist terms-focusing almost exclusively on 'cultural difference' and cultural, racial and ethnic 'traditions', essentialising and reifying them in the process, and failing to establish some common sociological or economic categories of analysis of Western and non-Western 'mentalities'. On the other hand, it was African and Asian psychiatrists as well as Marxist psychiatrists from Eastern Europe who insisted on applying those broader social psychiatry concepts-such as social class, occupation, socio-economic change, political and group pressures and relations etc.-which were quickly becoming central to mental health research in the West but were largely missing from Western psychiatrists' engagement with the decolonising world. In this way, some of the leading non-Western psychiatrists relied on social psychiatry to establish the limits of psychiatric universalism, and challenge some of its Eurocentric and essentialising tendencies. Even though they still subscribed to the predominant universalist framework, these practitioners invoked social psychiatry to draw attention to universalism's internal incoherence, and sought to revise the lingering evolutionary thinking in transcultural psychiatry. They also contributed to re-imagining cross-cultural encounters and exchanges as potentially creative and progressive (whereas early Western transcultural psychiatry primarily viewed the cross-cultural through the prism of pathogenic and traumatic 'cultural clash'). Therefore, the article will explore the complex politics of the shifting and overlapping definitions of 'social' and 'cultural' factors in mid-twentieth century transcultural psychiatry, and aims to recover the revolutionary voices of non-Western psychiatrists and their contributions to the global re-drawing of the boundaries of humanity in the second half of the twentieth century.


Assuntos
Etnopsicologia , Transtornos Mentais , Psiquiatria Comunitária , Comparação Transcultural , Humanos
14.
BMC Med Educ ; 21(1): 58, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33451314

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Reflective practice is a key skill for healthcare professionals. E-learning programmes have the potential to develop reflective practice in remote settings and low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where access to in-person reflective groups may be reduced. 'Aqoon' is a global mental health peer-to-peer e-learning programme between Somaliland and UK medical students. We aimed to explore participants' experiences of participating in the Aqoon programme, including their experiences of reflective practice. METHODS: Thirty-three medical students (22 Somaliland, 11 UK) enrolled in Aqoon. We matched volunteer learners in trios, to meet online to discuss anonymised clinical cases relevant to chapters of the World Health Organization's mental health gap action programme (mhGAP) intervention guide. We conducted thematic analysis of learners' reflective writing and post-programme focus group transcripts. RESULTS: Twenty-four students (73%) attended at least three online discussions (14 Somaliland, 10 UK). Somaliland and UK students described improved reflective skills and greater recognition of stigma towards mental ill-health. Themes included gaining memorable insights from peer discussions which would impact their medical education. UK students emphasised improved cultural understanding of common psychiatric presentations whilst Somaliland students reflected on increased clinical confidence. DISCUSSION: Integrating reflective practice into Aqoon showed the potential for low-cost e-learning interventions to develop cross-cultural reflective practice among medical students in diverse settings.


Assuntos
Instrução por Computador , Educação Médica , Estudantes de Medicina , Etnopsicologia , Humanos , Reino Unido
15.
Can J Psychiatry ; 66(2): 195-246, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32345034

RESUMO

This position paper has been substantially revised by the Canadian Psychiatric Association (CPA)'s Section on Transcultural Psychiatry and the Standing Committee on Education and approved for republication by the CPA's Board of Directors on February 8, 2019. The original position paper1 was first approved by the CPA Board on September 28, 2011.


Assuntos
Etnopsicologia , Internato e Residência , Canadá , Humanos , Sociedades Médicas
16.
J Relig Health ; 60(2): 1116-1124, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32430876

RESUMO

The migrations of modern times have exposed psychiatrists and other medical experts to elements from other cultures which have to be recognised and discerned from pathology. In the present paper, we offer an overview of both historical and modern witnessings of various kinds of "possession", with shedding light on the whole process of diagnostics-taking into account all aspects that make a person as an individual: with particular emphasis on origin, lifestyle, moral values, and ethical norms what is sometimes easily associable with culture-bound phenomena, and sometimes overstepping the border of clinical disturbance, to maximise the possibility of recovery.


Assuntos
Santos , Diversidade Cultural , Etnopsicologia , Humanos , Princípios Morais
17.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 269: 113705, 2021 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33346025

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Hard antler extract (HAE) is a traditional Chinese medicine and has potent antitumor, antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, and immunomodulatory activities. Previous studies have demonstrated that HAE can inhibit human prostate cancer metastasis and murine breast cancer proliferation. However, the effect of HAE on human breast cancer cells has not been clarified. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the effects and underlying mechanism of HAE on self-renewal of stem-like cells and spontaneous and transforming growth factor (TGF)-ß1-enhanced wound healing, invasion and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in breast cancer cells. METHODS: HAE was prepared from sika deer by sequential enzymatic digestions and the active compounds were determined by HPLC. The effects of HAE on the viability, mammosphere formation, wound healing and invasion of MDA-MB-231 and SK-BR3 cells were determined. The impact of HAE treatment on spontaneous and TGF-ß1-promoted EMT and the nuclear factor (NF)-κB signaling in breast cancer cells was examined by quantitative RT-PCR and western blotting. RESULTS: Treatment with HAE at varying concentrations did not change the viability of breast cancer cells. However, HAE at 0.25 or 0.5 mg/mL significantly reduced the number and size of formed mammospheres, and inhibited spontaneous and TGF-ß1-enhanced wound healing, invasion and EMT in MDA-MB-231 and SK-BR3 cells in a dose-dependent manner. TGF-ß1 treatment significantly decreased IκBα expression and increased NF-kBp65 phosphorylation in breast cancer cells, indicating that TGF-ß1 enhanced NF-κB signaling. In contrast, HAE treatment attenuated the spontaneous and TGF-ß1-enhanced NF-κB signaling in breast cancer cells. CONCLUSION: Our data indicated that HAE inhibited the self-renewal of stem-like cells and spontaneous and TGF-ß1-enhanced wound healing, invasion and EMT in breast cancer cells by attenuating the NF-κB signaling in vitro.


Assuntos
Chifres de Veado/química , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/efeitos dos fármacos , Subunidade p50 de NF-kappa B/antagonistas & inibidores , Extratos de Tecidos/química , Extratos de Tecidos/farmacologia , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/metabolismo , Animais , Chifres de Veado/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cervos , Etnopsicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Esferoides Celulares/efeitos dos fármacos , Esferoides Celulares/patologia , Extratos de Tecidos/isolamento & purificação , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/toxicidade , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos
18.
Psicol. soc. (Online) ; 33: e228845, 2021.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1346838

RESUMO

Resumo O circo, patrimônio artístico da humanidade, possui como modelo de transmissão tradicionalmente a família. Na contemporaneidade, a existência do circo se propaga também pelo circo social, que utiliza a arte circense como meio para o desenvolvimento integral de jovens marginalizados. Em Ribeirão Preto, há um caso (Sustentáculos) emergente na periferia, em que uma líder-circense-professora se apropria do circo para contribuir na formação psicossocial dos infanto-juvenis da sua comunidade. O objetivo do estudo foi investigar o arranjo do Sustentáculos tendo como esteio o circo social, a fim de comparar as propostas. A etnopsicanálise guiou o método através de observação e entrevistas; os colaboradores foram a líder e oito crianças; os encontros realizados semanalmente. Perceberam-se semelhanças fundamentais, porém um caráter mais pedagógico e estruturado no circo social, por trabalharem em rede e com apoio financeiro. No Sustentáculos, há uma marca clara do artístico propriamente dito, um viés político-contestador e autonomia do projeto.


Resumen El circo, patrimonio artístico de la humanidad, es tradicionalmente transmitido entre familias. Actualmente, su existencia también se propaga a través del circo social, que utiliza el circo como un medio para el desarrollo integral de jóvenes marginados. En Ribeirão Preto, hay un caso emergente (Sustentáculos) en la periferia, dónde una artista y maestra se apropia del circo para contribuir a la formación psicosocial de jóvenes en su comunidad. El objetivo del estudio fue investigar el Sustentáculos teniendo como pilar principal el circo social, para comparar las propuestas. Etnopsicoanálisis guió el método a través de la observación y las entrevistas; los colaboradores fueron el líder y 8 niños; las reuniones se realizaron semanalmente. Se observaron similitudes, pero un carácter más pedagógico y estructurado en el circo social, porque hay una rede y apoyo financiero. En Sustentáculos, hay una clara marca de lo artístico en sí, un sesgo político-concursante y autonomía total.


Abstract The circus, artistic patrimony of humanity, traditionally has the family as transmission model. Currently, the circus' existence also spreads through the social circus, which uses circus art as a means for the integral development of marginalized young people. In Ribeirão Preto, there is a case of this (Sustentáculos) in the periphery, in which a circus artist-teacher-leader appropriates the circus to contribute to the psychosocial education of the youth from her community. The aim of the study was to investigate Sustentáculos, having as mainstay the social circus in order to compare the proposals. Ethnopsychoanalysis guided the method through observation and interviews; the collaborators were the leader and eight children; the meetings were held weekly. Important similarities were noted, but a more pedagogical and structured character was noted in the social circus, for working in a network and with financial support. As for Sustentáculos, there is a clear mark of the artistic itself, a political-contestant bias and autonomy.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Arte , Projetos de Investimento Social , Etnopsicologia , Criança , Adolescente , Vulnerabilidade Social , Marginalização Social/psicologia
19.
Vínculo ; 17(2): 94-117, jul.-dez. 2020.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1157019

RESUMO

A etnopsicologia é um referencial que congrega conhecimentos da Psicologia, da Antropologia e da Psicanálise, sendo largamente empregada nas investigações que possuem como cenário as comunidades religiosas de matriz africana. A pesquisa etnopsicológica, fiel às áreas que a constituem, tem sido desenvolvida dentro de uma gama multifacetada que comporta diversos métodos, formas de registros e possibilidades interpretativas combinadas. O objetivo deste estudo é apresentar e discutir alguns aspectos ético-metodológicos que permeiam as pesquisas em comunidades religiosas, sobretudo no contexto brasileiro, a partir do referencial da etnopsicologia. Em termos do percurso deste estudo teórico, foram abordados alguns procedimentos que podem orientar o trabalho nessas comunidades, iniciando pelo desenvolvimento da escuta, passando pela construção e análise do corpus analítico e, por fim, o momento da devolutiva com a comunidade de referência. O referencial etnopsicológico deve ser assumido pelo pesquisador desde a escolha do objeto de estudo que, muitas vezes, acaba sendo delimitado em função da escuta do próprio campo. A devolutiva, nesse sentido, não pode ser considerada a entrega de um resultado aos participantes, como nas perspectivas positivistas, mas como mais uma possibilidade de escuta que é potente na contínua interpretação do campo e na construção dos sujeitos-pesquisadores.


Ethnopsychology is a reference that brings together knowledge of Psychology, Anthropology and Psychoanalysis, being widely used in the investigations that have as scenery the religious communities of African matrix. Ethnopsychological research, faithful to the areas that constitute it, has been developed within a multifaceted range that includes several methods, forms of records and interpretative possibilities combined. The objective of this study is to present and discuss some ethical-methodological aspects that permeate research in religious communities, especially in the Brazilian context, based on ethnopsychology. In terms of the course of this theoretical study, some procedures were approached that can guide the work in these communities, beginning with the development of listening, passing through the construction and analysis of the analytical corpus and, finally, the moment of devolution with the reference community. The ethnopsychological reference must be assumed by the researcher since the choice of the object of study that, many times, ends up being delimited due to the listening of the field itself. The devolution, in this sense, cannot be considered as the delivery of a result, as in the positivist perspectives, but as a possibility of listening that is potent in the continuous interpretation of the field and in the construction of the subjects-researchers.


La etnopsicología es un referencial que congrega conocimientos de la Psicología, de la Antropología y del Psicoanálisis, siendo ampliamente empleada en las investigaciones que poseen como escenario las comunidades religiosas de matriz africana. La investigación etnopsicológica, fiel a las áreas que la constituyen, ha sido desarrollada dentro de una gama multifacética que comporta diversos métodos, Scorsolini-Comin, F. formas de registros y posibilidades interpretativas combinadas. El objetivo de este estudio es presentar y discutir algunos aspectos ético-metodológicos que permean las investigaciones en comunidades religiosas, sobre todo en el contexto brasileño, a partir del referencial de la etnopsicología. En términos del recorrido de este estudio teórico, se abordaron algunos procedimientos que pueden orientar el trabajo en esas comunidades, iniciando por el desarrollo de la escucha, pasando por la construcción y análisis del corpus analítico y, por fin, el momento de la devolución con la comunidad de referencia. El referencial etnopsicológico debe ser asumido por el investigador desde la elección del objeto de estudio que, muchas veces, termina siendo delimitado en función de la escucha del propio campo. La devolución, en ese sentido, no puede ser considerada como la entrega de un resultado, como en las perspectivas positivistas, sino como una posibilidad de escucha que es potente en la continua interpretación del campo y en la construcción de los sujetos-investigadores.


Assuntos
Psicanálise , Psicologia , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Pesquisa , Etnopsicologia , Assunção da Sexualidade , Antropologia
20.
Transcult Psychiatry ; 57(6): 727-740, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33234074

RESUMO

This article introduces the special issue of Transcultural Psychiatry entitled "Other Psychotherapies": Healing Interactions across Time, Geographies, and Cultures. This special issue is intended to highlight that, rather than being exclusively a modern phenomenon, variants of psychotherapeutic practice have existed for millennia in diverse sociocultural contexts. This article explores the historical development of Western psychotherapy and points to the important contribution that Greco-Roman scholars from antiquity made to contemporary understandings of mental states and emotional wellbeing. The ways in which healing interactions have been localized to reflect the local cultural and geographic contexts are also highlighted through a discussion of recent work in psychotherapeutic geographies. This allows us to identify commonalities and differences between various forms of psychotherapy. We also consider how particular subcultures may influence the future development of psychotherapy. This article serves to foreshadow the themes that are explored in more detail in the collection of articles that make up the "Other Psychotherapies" special issue. The various articles that contribute to the special issue are introduced, and the key issues explored by these articles briefly highlighted. The intention of the special issue is to facilitate an opportunity to appreciate the ways in which psychotherapies are a product of the epoch, setting, and institutions that shape people's lives.


Assuntos
Cultura , Geografia , Psicoterapia , Etnopsicologia , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/terapia
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