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1.
Recent Results Cancer Res ; 214: 169-187, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31473853

RESUMO

Treatment of patients with advanced metastatic melanoma has for decades been a story of very limited success. This dramatically changed when therapy with anti-PD-1 checkpoint blocking antibodies was approved in the USA and Europe in 2014 and 2015, respectively. The therapy exploits the capacity of CD8+ T cells to specifically kill tumor cells. Within the tumor microenvironment, CD8+ T cell activity is blocked by suppressive signals received via PD-1, an inhibitory co-receptor and so-called checkpoint of T cell activation. PD-1 binds to its ligand PD-L1 on melanoma cells which dampens the T cell's activity. Antibodies blocking inhibitory PD-1/PD-L1 interaction release T cells from suppression. Treatment of late-stage disease melanoma patients with antibodies targeting the PD-1/PD-L1 axis, termed immune checkpoint blocking therapy (ICBT), yields clinical frequently long-lasting responses in 30-40% of cases. Despite this remarkable breakthrough, still the majority of patients resists ICBT or develops resistance after initial therapy response. Administration of anti-PD-1 antibodies in combination with antibodies targeting CTLA-4, another inhibitory immune checkpoint increased clinical responses rate up to 50% but at costs of higher treatment-related toxicities. Thus, strong efforts are now directed toward the understanding of therapy resistance, the identification of biomarkers predicting therapy response, and the development of alternative PD-1-based combination treatment to improve patient outcomes.


Assuntos
Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/citologia , Imunoterapia , Melanoma/terapia , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1 , Anticorpos Monoclonais , Antígeno B7-H1 , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Microambiente Tumoral
2.
Cent Eur J Public Health ; 27(3): 182-187, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31580551

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Although manufactured cigarettes remain the most popular tobacco product worldwide, the use of other products, including little cigar and cigarillo, has been rising in recent years; however, there is a paucity of data on the correlates of current and ever use of cigarillos in Europe. The aim of this study was to explore the extent and determinants of cigarillo use, as well as to describe the cost and affordability of cigarillos across the EU, in light of the current regulatory framework at a European level. METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of data collected across 28 European Union (EU) Member States through wave 87.1 of the Eurobarometer survey, conducted in March 2017 (N = 27,901). A multilevel logistic regression model was fitted to assess the association of current and ever cigarillo use with the above socio-demographic factors. We also analysed Euromonitor International data on cigarillo prices in 2017 from 24 EU Member States. RESULTS: Across the EU, 0.46% (95% CI: 0.33-0.63) of those aged ≥ 15 years reported at least weekly current use of cigarillos in 2017, which corresponds to 1,966,516 (95% CI: 1,426,554-2,709,563) people. Finland recorded the highest prevalence (20.51%) of ever cigarillo use in Europe while Ireland had the lowest (1.15%). Male sex, living in urban area and being over 55 years old compared to 15-24 year olds were associated with greater odds of ever cigarillo use. Median cigarillo prices varied widely, ranging from 3.60 Euros in Portugal to 20.40 Euros in Bulgaria per 20 sticks. CONCLUSIONS: The use of cigarillos in Europe is associated with several socio-demographic factors such as gender, age and living area. Policy makers of EU countries, especially now under the regulatory framework of the EU Tobacco Products Directive, should work together to enforce more restrictive rules for cigarillos.


Assuntos
Fumar , Produtos do Tabaco , Bulgária , Europa (Continente) , Finlândia , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência
3.
Cent Eur J Public Health ; 27(3): 204-211, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31580555

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Vaccine preventable diseases (VPDs) continue to pose a significant threat to healthcare workers (HCWs) while immunization among this group remains low. HCWs' behaviours as well as facilitators and barriers towards their vaccination for a number of VPDs were explored through an EU-wide survey. METHODS: HCWs across the EU answered online survey that explored attitudes and behaviours towards vaccination for a number of VPDs. Response data were adjusted based on weights estimated by HCWs' country and working profession according to WHO statistics. The survey was delivered between October 2012 and April 2014. RESULTS: Analysis was based on responses from 5,424 HCWs from 14 European countries. The majority (86.7%) had a positive attitude regarding immunizations. HCWs considered influenza (86.4%), viral hepatitis type B (71.9%) and tuberculosis (59.1%) as higher risk diseases for occupational exposure in the workplace. However, 43.8% reported not receiving a seasonal influenza vaccine in the last 10 years and 65.6% reported not receiving the pandemic influenza vaccine in 2009. Main enablers towards immunizations included believing in vaccine protection and easy, free of charge access to vaccines in the workplace. Barriers to up-to-date immunizations differed according to disease but included concerns about short- and long-term effects. CONCLUSION: Although the concept of mandatory vaccination seems to be favoured by many health professionals in Europe, it remains a controversial subject both among HCWs' profession categories and also among different countries. Interventions to increase vaccination among HCWs would benefit by tailoring their approach according to disease and target group.


Assuntos
Imunização , Vacinas contra Influenza , Europa (Continente) , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Vacinação
4.
Cent Eur J Public Health ; 27(3): 212-216, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31580556

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Survey was conducted to assess state of viral hepatitis care in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). METHODS: Representatives of 16 CEE countries completed on-line survey in April-May 2017 that collected information on basic epidemiology and availability of key services for HCV and HBV infections. Sources of information provided ranged from national surveillance data to expert opinion. RESULTS: The burden of viral hepatitis varied between countries, ranging from 6,500 to 2 million for HCV and from 10,000 to 3 million for HBV. Access to routine HCV RNA testing and genotyping was reported by 11 and 9 countries, respectively. HCV resistance testing was available in 7 countries. Direct acting antivirals (DAAs) were available in 13 countries, most frequently Sofosbuvir and Ledipasvir/Sofosbuvir (12 countries apiece) and Ombitasvir/Paritaprevir/Dasabuvir (9 countries). HBV DNA testing and HBV genotyping were routinely available in 10 and 7 countries, respectively. Eleven countries reported available treatment with Tenofovir. CONCLUSIONS: There are gaps in viral hepatitis care in CEE. Despite the availability of registered modern drugs for HCV and HBV, the access to treatment is limited. Ensuring quality health care is essential to reduce the epidemic and achieve the WHO's goal of eliminating viral hepatitis as a major public health challenge.


Assuntos
Antivirais , Hepatite B/prevenção & controle , Hepatite C , Antivirais/farmacologia , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Europa Oriental , Hepatite B/epidemiologia , Hepatite C/epidemiologia , Hepatite C/prevenção & controle , Humanos
5.
Z Gerontol Geriatr ; 52(6): 529-536, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492973

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The support of relatives living far away in terms of distance caregiving between children and their parents has gained in importance in Europe. At the same time, little is known about these care arrangements based on representative European survey data. OBJECTIVE: This article is concerned with the following questions: which statements are possible in Europe about the prevalence of persons caring for at least one parent from a geographical distance? Which forms of support are provided and which other specific socioeconomic and health-related aspects characterize these care situations? In this respect special attention is paid to differences to relatives who provide help close to their parents who are in need of care. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) from the sixth wave of the survey in 2015 were used to perform a descriptive analysis and multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The analysis showed that distance caregiving is more than a marginal phenomenon in Europe with a prevalence of 11% for a relatively close terminology (over 100 km distance between locations) and 23% for a broader terminology (over 25 km); however, the various countries are very different in terms of prevalence. The findings also point to some significant differences in terms of resources, care tasks and quality of life compared to caregivers in the same household. In light of these dynamically developing distance caregiving arrangements, this article can provide further discussion, critical reflection, and advancement to the operationalization of informal care.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Cuidadores , Família , Aposentadoria , Telemedicina , Criança , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários , Telemedicina/organização & administração
6.
BMJ ; 366: l4923, 2019 09 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31530561

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate an integrative system to predict long term kidney allograft failure. DESIGN: International cohort study. SETTING: Three cohorts including kidney transplant recipients from 10 academic medical centres from Europe and the United States. PARTICIPANTS: Derivation cohort: 4000 consecutive kidney recipients prospectively recruited in four French centres between 2005 and 2014. Validation cohorts: 2129 kidney recipients from three centres in Europe and 1428 from three centres in North America, recruited between 2002 and 2014. Additional validation in three randomised controlled trials (NCT01079143, EudraCT 2007-003213-13, and NCT01873157). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Allograft failure (return to dialysis or pre-emptive retransplantation). 32 candidate prognostic factors for kidney allograft survival were assessed. RESULTS: Among the 7557 kidney transplant recipients included, 1067 (14.1%) allografts failed after a median post-transplant follow-up time of 7.12 (interquartile range 3.51-8.77) years. In the derivation cohort, eight functional, histological, and immunological prognostic factors were independently associated with allograft failure and were then combined into a risk prediction score (iBox). This score showed accurate calibration and discrimination (C index 0.81, 95% confidence interval 0.79 to 0.83). The performance of the iBox was also confirmed in the validation cohorts from Europe (C index 0.81, 0.78 to 0.84) and the US (0.80, 0.76 to 0.84). The iBox system showed accuracy when assessed at different times of evaluation post-transplant, was validated in different clinical scenarios including type of immunosuppressive regimen used and response to rejection therapy, and outperformed previous risk prediction scores as well as a risk score based solely on functional parameters including estimated glomerular filtration rate and proteinuria. Finally, the accuracy of the iBox risk score in predicting long term allograft loss was confirmed in the three randomised controlled trials. CONCLUSION: An integrative, accurate, and readily implementable risk prediction score for kidney allograft failure has been developed, which shows generalisability across centres worldwide and common clinical scenarios. The iBox risk prediction score may help to guide monitoring of patients and further improve the design and development of a valid and early surrogate endpoint for clinical trials. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrials.gov NCT03474003.


Assuntos
Rejeição de Enxerto/etiologia , Transplante de Rim , Adulto , Idoso , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Rejeição de Enxerto/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Pós-Operatório , Prognóstico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Medição de Risco/métodos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
7.
Soins ; 64(838): 36-39, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31542118

RESUMO

Protecting personal information provided by a patient must now be automatic for all health professionals, whether they work in a health or medical-social facility or in private practice, alone or alongside other professionals. While their level of responsibility may vary depending on the chosen method of practice, the health professional is an essential link in the chain with regard to data security as well as patients' rights. Understanding what constitutes personal information or sensitive information and the different obligations resulting from its processing is essential in order to be able to comply with data security and protection regulations imposed by French and European law.


Assuntos
Confidencialidade/legislação & jurisprudência , Europa (Continente) , França , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Direitos do Paciente
8.
Soins ; 64(838): 53-55, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31542124

RESUMO

The rapid deployment of artificial intelligence (AI) and automation in healthcare is highlighting the importance of health data-driven management as a geostrategic lever. From this point of view, the progress made by the United States and China requires a strong European response to develop a responsible vision which adopts an approach aiming at the positive regulation of AI in healthcare.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial/legislação & jurisprudência , Registros Médicos , China , Europa (Continente) , Regulamentação Governamental , Humanos , Estados Unidos
9.
Ann Agric Environ Med ; 26(3): 508-510, 2019 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31559812

RESUMO

Rare diseases, almost by definition, present us with diagnostic as well as therapeutic difficulties as. They also include infectious diseases outside endemic areas. Without expecting them, we are not preparing to fight them. Like Macbeth, we feel safe, convinced that tropical diseases do not reach us, like Birnam forest towards his castle. Nevertheless, the forest moved according to the prophecy of the three witches, and in a similar way tropical flora is moving towards us according to the predictions of environmentalists. This is illustrated by the history of the presented patient, who was admitted to hospital because of sepsis caused by Chromobacterium violaceum (CV), a Gram-negative facultatively anaerobic, oxidase-positive bacterium producing a dark violet antioxidant pigment called violacein. This is probably the first documented case report of sepsis in this part of the world. To the best of the authors' knowledge, the patient is the first to require dialysis after Chromobacterium violaceum infection.


Assuntos
Chromobacterium/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/microbiologia , Sepse/microbiologia , Chromobacterium/classificação , Chromobacterium/genética , Chromobacterium/metabolismo , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Indóis/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
10.
Oecologia ; 191(2): 295-309, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31506746

RESUMO

Resistance and tolerance allow organisms to cope with potentially life-threatening pathogens. Recently introduced pathogens initially induce resistance responses, but natural selection favors the development of tolerance, allowing for a commensal relationship to evolve. Mycosis by Pseudogymnoascus destructans, causing white-nose syndrome (WNS) in Nearctic hibernating bats, has resulted in population declines since 2006. The pathogen, which spread from Europe, has infected species of Palearctic Myotis for a longer period. We compared ecologically relevant responses to the fungal infection in the susceptible Nearctic M. lucifugus and less susceptible Palearctic M. myotis, to uncover factors contributing to survival differences in the two species. Samples were collected from euthermic bats during arousal from hibernation, a naturally occurring phenomenon, during which transcriptional responses are activated. We compared the whole-transcriptome responses in wild bats infected with P. destructans hibernating in their natural habitat. Our results show dramatically different local transcriptional responses to the pathogen between uninfected and infected samples from the two species. Whereas we found 1526 significantly upregulated or downregulated transcripts in infected M. lucifugus, only one transcript was downregulated in M. myotis. The upregulated response pathways in M. lucifugus include immune cell activation and migration, and inflammatory pathways, indicative of an unsuccessful attempt to resist the infection. In contrast, M. myotis appears to tolerate P. destructans infection by not activating a transcriptional response. These host-microbe interactions determine pathology, contributing to WNS susceptibility, or commensalism, promoting tolerance to fungal colonization during hibernation that favors survival.


Assuntos
Quirópteros , Hibernação , Micoses , Animais , Europa (Continente) , RNA
11.
Waste Manag ; 99: 122-134, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476637

RESUMO

Sewage sludge production in European countries has widely raised in the last decade and its fate is currently landfilling, incinerators, composting or land application. To explore its agronomic potential, the main target of this work is to understand the effects of anaerobic digestates from sewage sludge (SSAD). To this aim, four different SSADs (two liquids and two dewatered) were characterized. On the liquid ones, Germination Index was evaluated through a plate bioassay with Lepidium sativum L. seeds; low concentrations of SSAD (2.5%) improved GI in one case, while at higher concentrations phytotoxic effects occurred in both. Then, pot experiments were set in climate chamber with Cucumis sativus L. grown for 30 days on two different substrates: a sandy, alkaline and poor soil, and peat substrate. All SSADs and a mineral fertilizer were used at three increasing dosages: 85, 170, 255 kg of nitrogen per hectare (kg N/ha). Results in terms of germination, dry biomass, chlorophyll content, net photosynthesis, stomatal conductance, CO2 concentration in substomatal cavity and root development were compared to a not treated control. All treatments gave results significantly higher or similar to control on all the parameters evaluated. Moreover, the intermediate nitrogen dosage (170 kg N/ha) generally showed the highest results compared to other dosages, especially for dewatered SSADs. All these results were much more evident for cucumber plants grown on an the alkaline, sandy and poor soil than on peat substrate, such demonstrating that SSADs have a fertilizing effect for plants growing on this kind of soil.


Assuntos
Esgotos , Solo , Anaerobiose , Europa (Continente) , Fertilizantes
12.
Klin Padiatr ; 231(5): 255-261, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31505692

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recently, there is a growing scarcity of qualified personnel in German healthcare system. This can lead to problems especially in the highly specialized neonatal and pediatric intensive care. METHODS: We conducted a survey to evaluate the staffing situation at 583 European neonatal and pediatric intensive care units (ICU). RESULTS: Response rate was 48.5%. As a main result our evaluation demonstrated a significant lower nurse-staffing in Germany compared to the other countries (90.4 vs. 95.8%, p<0.001). In addition, the average nurse-to-patient ratio was worse in German neonatal ICUs (3.0 vs. 2.3, p<0.001). The presence of senior doctors is also lower in German neonatal and pediatric ICUs compared to the other countries (on weekdays: 12.0 vs. 14.6 h, p=0.04; on weekends: 8.9 vs. 13.2 h, p=0.003). DISCUSSION: Our survey demonstrates that the nurse-staffing at neonatal and ICUs in Germany is worse than in other European countries. The resulting potential loss of quality is worsened due to lower presence of senior doctors at the ICUs. Possible consequences include increase of complications, impairment of treatment success, closure of intensive care beds, and mental and physical illness of the staff. CONCLUSION: Compared to other European countries, there is a lack of nurses at neonatal and pediatric ICUs in Germany. This study underlines the importance to take measures to counteract nursing crisis.


Assuntos
Mão de Obra em Saúde , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal/organização & administração , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica/organização & administração , Criança , Europa (Continente) , Alemanha , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
Harefuah ; 158(9): 559-562, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Hebraico | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31507103

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: For years patients with rheumatic diseases were managed by internists, orthopedics and rehabilitation clinics. The first rheumatology clinic in Israel was opened in 1965. The founders of rheumatology were rheumatologists who were trained in Europe and North America. Only in 1988, rheumatology was recognized as a subspecialty of internal medicine, and in 2012 pediatric rheumatology was recognized as a separate sub-specialty. There are 166 certified rheumatologists in Israel who are members of the Israeli Society of Rheumatology (ISR). The goal of the ISR is to provide an organized platform for education and scientific exchange in rheumatology through the provision of high quality education for all health care providers in the field of rheumatology, bi-annual scientific meetings dedicated to the advancement of clinical and basic science research, and the promotion of best clinical practice in the delivery of care for patients with rheumatologic disorders. In addition, the ISR promotes the introduction of new drugs and technologies, representing the rheumatology patients' best interests as well as collaboration with rheumatology patients' advocacy groups.


Assuntos
Doenças Reumáticas , Reumatologia , Criança , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Israel , Platina
15.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 264: 1907-1908, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438401

RESUMO

The Working Group "Health Informatics for Interregional Cooperation" (WG HIIC) of the European Federation for Medical Informatics (EFMI) is dedicated to develop, to implement and to disseminate a strategy for promoting exchange of information, knowledge and experiences all around the world and more particularly, between Health Informatics arena players in the different European continent regions.


Assuntos
Informática Médica , Europa (Continente)
16.
J S Afr Vet Assoc ; 90(0): e1-e7, 2019 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31368316

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to gain better insight into factors associated with the capture-related mortality rate in cheetahs. A link to an online questionnaire was sent to zoo and wildlife veterinarians through the Species Survival Plan Programme and European Endangered Species Programme coordinators and via the 'Wildlife VetNet' Google group forum. The questionnaire consisted of 50 questions relating to the veterinarians' country of residence and experience, the medicine combinations used, standard monitoring procedures, capture-related complications and mortalities experienced in this species under different capture conditions. In addition, necropsy data from the national wildlife disease database of the National Zoological Gardens of South Africa were examined for cases where anaesthetic death was listed as the cause of death in cheetahs. A total of 75 veterinarians completed the survey, with 38 from African countries and a combined total of 37 from Europe, the United States (US) and Asia. Of these, 24% (n = 18/75) had experienced at least one capture-associated cheetah mortality, with almost all of the fatalities (29/30) reported by veterinarians working in Africa. A lack of anaesthetic monitoring and the absence of supplemental oxygen were shown to be significant risk factors for mortality. Hyperthermia, likely to be associated with capture stress, was the most common reported complication (35%). The results suggest that free-ranging rather than habituated captive cheetahs are particularly at risk of dying during immobilisation and transport. The capture-related fatalities in this species do not appear to be associated with either the veterinarian's level of clinical experience or the immobilisation agents used.


Assuntos
Acinonyx , Anestésicos Dissociativos/efeitos adversos , Hipnóticos e Sedativos/efeitos adversos , Imobilização/veterinária , Mortalidade , Animais , Animais Selvagens , Animais de Zoológico , Autopsia/veterinária , Bases de Dados Factuais , Combinação de Medicamentos , Europa (Continente) , Imobilização/efeitos adversos , Imobilização/métodos , Ketamina/efeitos adversos , Modelos Logísticos , Medetomidina/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Risco , África do Sul/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tranquilizantes/efeitos adversos , Médicos Veterinários
18.
Waste Manag Res ; 37(9): 951-955, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31378160

RESUMO

The use of municipal solid waste incinerator bottom ash for road-base construction is an accepted practice in Europe and Asia, and of growing interest in the US. It is common practice to cure bottom ash by stockpiling it for several weeks before using it in this application. The curing process exposes the bottom ash to atmospheric carbon dioxide, which promotes carbonation, lowering its pH (making it less alkaline), and making many heavy metals less soluble. While this process makes bottom ash a more environmentally acceptable material, it takes time and requires additional handling. This article investigates a concept to facilitate carbonation of bottom ash in its compacted state, potentially eliminating the stockpile curing process. It is demonstrated here that blending a small amount of organic material with bottom ash will accelerate carbonation and lower pH in compacted samples by providing a carbon source for bacteria to produce carbon dioxide. Different quantities of biosolids (1%, 2%, 3%, and 5% by mass) were added to compacted bottom ash samples to examine the effect of organic materials on carbonation, and results were compared with a compacted control bottom ash sample. The pH of the control bottom ash sample decreased from 12.07 to 9.78 after 63 days, while the pH of the sample containing 5% biosolids decreased from 11.70 to 9.74 in only 7 days and to 8.18 after 63 days. Physical testing was conducted to examine suitability for beneficial use. The results indicate that bottom ash containing less than 3% biosolids met minimum bearing strength requirements for road base.


Assuntos
Cinza de Carvão , Metais Pesados , Ásia , Carbono , Europa (Continente) , Incineração , Resíduos Sólidos
20.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 264: 1366-1370, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438149

RESUMO

Networking is a key competence, especially for young researchers in the field of medical informatics. Therefore, it is encouraged in organizations like AMIA. Since, in Europe no such networking possibility is known, concepts and ideas for the implementation shall be established and assessed with regard to their appropriateness. Demands, suggestions and attitudes of the community were collected in an online survey. Based on this, a workshop with international participants was conducted at Medical Informatics Europe 2018 in Gothenburg, Sweden. Following topics were addressed: i) communication channels, ii) activities to be carried out, iii) organizational structures and iv) acquisition of participants. The results show the relevance of such a networking platform. Furthermore, numerous requirements and realization possibilities, but also challenges were identified and assessed during the workshop. Altogether, essential ideas for the implementation of an European Young Researcher Network (EYouRNet) were collected, which can serve as a basis for the realization.


Assuntos
Informática Médica , Pesquisadores , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Rede Social , Inquéritos e Questionários , Suécia
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