Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 4.757
Filtrar
1.
Anticancer Res ; 40(10): 5621-5630, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988886

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Targeted therapies in the treatment of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) are subject to extensive research. Different mutations of genes belonging to the fibroblast growth factor (FGF) family have been detected in HNSCC. In this study, we examined the expression of FGF1 and FGF2 after treatment with small-molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) and an inhibitor of mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) in vitro using human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive and -negative SCC lines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cells of two human HPV-negative cell lines (UMSCC-11A/-14C) and one HPV-positive cell line (CERV196) were incubated with 20 µmol/l of erlotinib, gefitinib, nilotinib, dasatinib, or everolimus for 24-96 h. Cell proliferation was assessed by proliferation assay and the protein concentrations of FGF1 and FGF2 by sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. For statistical analysis, the results were compared with those for untreated HPV-negative SCC cells. RESULTS: FGF1 and FGF2 were detected in all three tested cell lines. The tested TKIs significantly (p<0.05 reduced) FGF1 expression in the UMSCC-11A cell line within the first 24 h. At later time points, the tested TKIs and everolimus significantly (p<0.05) increased FGF1 and FGF2 expression in HPV-negative and -positive cancer cell lines. The effect was stronger in the HPV-positive cell line. CONCLUSION: Alterations in FGF signalling are considered to be relevant drivers of tumourigenesis in some HNSCCs. Our results show that the expression of FGF1 and -2 can be influenced effectively by small-molecule TKIs and everolimus. Based on our data, future research should include combinations of specific FGF inhibitors, mTOR inhibitors and other TKIs in the treatment of HNSCC and research on FGF-mediated drug escape mechanisms.


Assuntos
Everolimo/farmacologia , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/tratamento farmacológico , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Dasatinibe/farmacologia , Cloridrato de Erlotinib/farmacologia , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/antagonistas & inibidores , Gefitinibe/farmacologia , Papillomavirus Humano 16/efeitos dos fármacos , Papillomavirus Humano 16/patogenicidade , Humanos , Papillomaviridae/efeitos dos fármacos , Papillomaviridae/patogenicidade , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/virologia , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/antagonistas & inibidores
2.
Am Heart J ; 228: 109-115, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32882569

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients aged ≥80 years are often treated with new-generation drug-eluting stents (DES), but data from randomized studies are scarce owing to underrepresentation in most trials. We assessed 1-year clinical outcome of octogenarians treated with new-generation DES versus younger patients. METHODS: We pooled patient-level data of 9,204 participants in the TWENTE, DUTCH PEERS, BIO-RESORT, and BIONYX (TWENTE I-IV) randomized trials. The main clinical end point was target vessel failure (TVF), a composite of cardiac death, target vessel-related myocardial infarction (MI), or clinically indicated target vessel revascularization. RESULTS: The 671 octogenarian trial participants had significantly more comorbidities. TVF was higher in octogenarians than in 8,533 patients <80 years (7.3% vs 5.3%, hazard ratio [HR]: 1.36, 95% CI: 1.0-1.83, P = .04). The cardiac death rate was higher in octogenarians (3.9% vs 0.8%, P < .001). There was no significant between-group difference in target vessel MI (2.3% vs 2.3%, P = .88) and repeat target vessel revascularization (1.9% vs 2.8%, P = .16). In multivariate analyses, age ≥ 80 years showed no independent association with TVF (adjusted HR: 1.04, 95% CI: 0.76-1.42), whereas the risk of cardiac death remained higher in octogenarians (adjusted HR: 3.38, 95% CI: 2.07-5.52, P < .001). In 6,002 trial participants, in whom data on major bleeding were recorded, octogenarians (n = 459) showed a higher major bleeding risk (5.9% vs 1.9%; HR: 3.08, 95% CI: 2.01-4.74, P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Octogenarian participants in 4 large-scale randomized DES trials had more comorbidities and a higher incidence of the main end point TVF. Cardiac mortality was higher in octogenarians, whereas there was no increase in MI or target vessel revascularization rates. Treatment of octogenarian patients with new-generation DES appears to be safe and effective.


Assuntos
Stents Farmacológicos/classificação , Everolimo/farmacologia , Infarto do Miocárdio , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Sirolimo/análogos & derivados , Sirolimo/farmacologia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Imunossupressores/farmacologia , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Reoperação/métodos , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Risco Ajustado/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(31): e21211, 2020 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32756099

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Within a rapidly expanding therapeutic armamentarium, the combination of everolimus (Eve) plus exemestane (Exe) utility needs to be reinstated in hormone receptor positive (HR+), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 negative (HER2-) metastatic breast cancer (MBC). PATIENT CONCERNS: We herein report on a patient affected by HR+ HER2- MBC treated with radical surgery after neoadjuvant chemotherapy, who relapsed early on adjuvant tamoxifen, progressed rapidly on first line anastrozole, and failed treatment with third line capecitabine. DIAGNOSES: Metastatic luminal breast cancer progressed under standard endocrine therapy and chemotherapy. INTERVENTIONS: Third line with Eve plus Exe was given after chemotherapy. OUTCOMES: Patient experienced a 5-year progression free interval. LESSONS: Eve plus Exe remains a valid option in HR+HER2- MBC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Lobular/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Androstadienos/administração & dosagem , Androstadienos/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Carcinoma Lobular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Lobular/mortalidade , Carcinoma Lobular/patologia , Everolimo/administração & dosagem , Everolimo/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pré-Menopausa , Intervalo Livre de Progressão
4.
Int Heart J ; 61(4): 665-672, 2020 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32684594

RESUMO

Clinical outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for severely calcified lesions remain poor. The purpose of this study was to investigate the neointimal response after everolimus-eluting stents (EES) for severely calcified lesions treated with rotational atherectomy (RA) using optical coherence tomography (OCT).We retrospectively analyzed 34 lesions in which PCI was performed with EES deployment following RA and OCT was performed immediately after PCI and at follow-up (nine months). The EES was either durable-polymer (DP) EES (22 lesions) or bioabsorbable polymer (BP) -EES (12 lesions). Strut coverage and malapposition were evaluated at 1-mm intervals of cross-section (CS) by serial OCT analysis. Malapposed strut was defined as having the distance from luminal border > 100 µm.A total of 11,823 struts immediately after PCI and 11,720 struts at follow-up were analyzed. Immediately after PCI, the strut-level analysis showed no significant differences in the percentage of malapposed struts between the DP-EES group and the BP-EES group. At follow-up, the BP-EES group showed a more prevalent covered strut compared with the DP-EES group (strut-level analysis: 95% versus 97%, P = 0.045; CS-level analysis: 97% versus 100%, P < 0.01; lesion-level analysis: 27% versus 83%, P < 0.01, respectively).In severely calcified lesions requiring RA, the BP-EES group achieved better neointimal coverage than the DP-EES group at nine months. Additional prospective studies are needed.


Assuntos
Implantes Absorvíveis/estatística & dados numéricos , Aterectomia Coronária/instrumentação , Stents Farmacológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Neointima/prevenção & controle , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Everolimo/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polímeros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica
5.
Int Heart J ; 61(4): 673-684, 2020 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32684595

RESUMO

Hyperglycemia is an important risk factor for poor clinical outcomes in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The relative superiority of the long-term clinical outcomes of durable-polymer (DP) -based and biodegradable-polymer (BP) -based newer-generation drug-eluting stents (DESs) after successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with AMI and prediabetes is not well established. We compared the clinical outcomes in such patients between DP-based and BP-based newer-generation DESs.A total of 4,377 patients with AMI and prediabetes were divided into the following two groups: the DP-DES group (n = 3,775; zotarolimus-eluting stents [ZES; n = 1,546] and everolimus-eluting stents [EES; n = 2,229]) and the BP-DES group (n = 602; biolimus-eluting stents [BES]). The primary endpoint was the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs), defined as all-cause death, recurrent myocardial infarction (re-MI), or any repeat revascularization. The secondary endpoint was the occurrence of stent thrombosis (ST).The 2-year adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) of MACEs for ZES versus EES, ZES versus BES, EES versus BES, and ZES/EES versus BES (aHR: 1.125; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.834-1.518; P = 0.440) were similar. The cumulative incidence of ST was also comparable between the DP-DES and BP-DES groups (aHR: 1.407; 95% CI, 0.476-4.158; P = 0.537). Moreover, the 2-year aHRs of all-cause death, CD, re-MI, target lesion revascularization (TLR), target vessel revascularization (TVR), and non-TVR were similar.Patients with AMI and prediabetes who received DP-DES or BP-DES during PCI showed comparable safety and efficacy during the 2-year follow-up period.


Assuntos
Implantes Absorvíveis/estatística & dados numéricos , Stents Farmacológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Infarto do Miocárdio/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Estado Pré-Diabético/complicações , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Everolimo/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Sirolimo/administração & dosagem , Sirolimo/análogos & derivados
6.
Anticancer Res ; 40(7): 3847-3855, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32620624

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The effects of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) in head and neck squamous cell cancer (HNSCC) are not fully understood. We investigated the effects of selective TKIs erlotinib, gefitinib, nilotinib, and dasatinib and the mTOR-inhibitor everolimus on the expression of insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF1R) in HPV-positive and HPV-negative squamous cancer cell lines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: HPV-negative UMSCC-11A and UMSCC-14C cells and HPV-positive CERV196 cells were treated with TKIs or everolimus. Protein concentration of IGF1R was measured using ELISA. RESULTS: IGF1R expression was significantly reduced by all tested TKIs and everolimus in both HPV-negative cancer cell lines. In HPV-positive squamous cancer cells we observed significant protein inhibition. CONCLUSION: The crosstalk between epidermal growth factor receptors and IGF1R could be of central interest for the development of novel medical approaches for individualized therapy.


Assuntos
Everolimo/farmacologia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/tratamento farmacológico , Papillomavirus Humano 16/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Papillomavirus/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Receptor IGF Tipo 1/biossíntese , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/tratamento farmacológico , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Dasatinibe/farmacologia , Cloridrato de Erlotinib/farmacologia , Gefitinibe/farmacologia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/virologia , Humanos , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Receptor IGF Tipo 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/virologia
7.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0235673, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32645029

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study sought to compare clinical outcomes between bioresorbable scaffolds (BRS) and durable polymer everolimus-eluting metallic stents (DP-EES) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) undergoing successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: From March 2016 to October 2017, 952 patients with AMI without cardiogenic shock undergoing successful PCI with BRS (n = 136) or DP-EES (n = 816) were enrolled from a multicenter, observational Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry. RESULTS: In the crude population, there was no significant difference in the 1-year rate of device-oriented composite endpoint (DOCE) and device thrombosis between the BRS and DP-EES groups (2.2% vs. 4.8%, hazard ratio [HR] 0.43, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.13-1.41, p = 0.163; 0.7% vs. 0.5%, HR 1.49, 95% CI 0.16-13.4, p = 0.719, respectively). BRS implantation was opted in younger patients (53.7 vs. 62.6 years, p < 0.001) with low-risk profiles, and intravascular image-guided PCI was more preferred in the BRS group (60.3% vs. 27.2%, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: At 1-year follow-up, no differences in the rate of DOCE and device thrombosis were observed between patients with AMI treated with BRS and those treated with DP-EES. Our data suggest that imaging-guided BRS implantation in young patients with low risk profiles could be a reasonable strategy in the setting of AMI.


Assuntos
Implantes Absorvíveis/efeitos adversos , Stents Farmacológicos/efeitos adversos , Infarto do Miocárdio/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Doença Aguda/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/uso terapêutico , Determinação de Ponto Final , Everolimo/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , República da Coreia , Trombose/etiologia , Tecidos Suporte/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 43(8): 457-463, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32646657

RESUMO

SARS-CoV-2 infection has produced a pandemic with serious consequences for our health care system. Although liver transplant patients represent only a minority of the population, the hepatologists who follow these patients have tried to coordinate efforts to produce a protocol the management of immunosuppression during SARS-CoV-2 infection. Although there are no solid studies to support general recommendations, experiences with other viral infections (hepatitis C, cytomegalovirus) suggest that management of immunosuppression without mycophenolate mofetil or m-Tor inhibitors (drugs that are also associated with leukopenia and lymphopenia) may be beneficial. It is also important to pay attention to possible drug interactions, especially in the case of tacrolimus, with some of the treatments with antiviral effect given in the context of COVID 19 (lopinavir/ritonavir, azithromycin). Finally, the immunosuppressive effect of immunomodulating drugs (tocilizumab and similar) administered to patients with severe lung disease should be taken into account. The mechanisms of action of the different immunosuppressive drugs are reviewed in this article, as well as their potential effect on SARS-CoV-2 infection, and suggests guidelines for the management of immunosuppression.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Imunossupressão/efeitos adversos , Imunossupressores/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Fígado , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Imunidade Adaptativa , Antivirais/farmacologia , Betacoronavirus/imunologia , Betacoronavirus/fisiologia , Inibidores de Calcineurina/efeitos adversos , Inibidores de Calcineurina/farmacologia , Inibidores de Calcineurina/uso terapêutico , Contraindicações de Medicamentos , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Interações Medicamentosas , Everolimo/efeitos adversos , Everolimo/farmacologia , Everolimo/uso terapêutico , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Glucocorticoides/farmacologia , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Imunidade Inata , Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido , Imunossupressão/métodos , Imunossupressores/farmacologia , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Ácido Micofenólico/efeitos adversos , Ácido Micofenólico/farmacologia , Ácido Micofenólico/uso terapêutico , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/imunologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Sirolimo/efeitos adversos , Sirolimo/farmacologia , Sirolimo/uso terapêutico , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/antagonistas & inibidores
9.
Expert Rev Med Devices ; 17(7): 671-682, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32543934

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Coronary percutaneous interventions have evolved from plain old balloon angioplasty (POBA) to stent implantation, which itself evolved from bare-metal stents (BMS) to the new biodegradable stents which try to restore endothelial function. Currently, the most commonly used stent is the everolimus-eluting stent. AREAS COVERED: This review will cover the current status of durable polymer everolimus-eluting stent, its history, and future perspectives. Nowadays, the everolimus-eluting stent is the most used device in the acute and chronic settings due to its safety and efficacy. EXPERT OPINION: Durable polymer everolimus-eluting stent, supported by much evidence, has demonstrated its efficacy and safety, not only in de novo artery lesions, but in multiples scenarios, such as the acute setting and diabetic population, becoming one of the most polyvalent stents available. Nowadays, research is focused on the reduction of antiplatelet treatment duration. Similar rates of stent thrombosis with short dual antiplatelet treatment regimens of 1 to 3 months compared to pronged treatment have been observed. However, specific studies should be performed to evaluate this possibility.


Assuntos
Stents Farmacológicos/tendências , Everolimo/uso terapêutico , Polímeros/química , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Stents Farmacológicos/efeitos adversos , Everolimo/efeitos adversos , Everolimo/química , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 146(11): 3013-3023, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32566979

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Everolimus plus exemestane (EVE/EXE) is a registered treatment option for ER-positive, HER2-negative (ER +/HER2-) metastatic breast cancer (MBC), but resistance mechanisms limit efficacy. We aimed to find markers that might help select patients with a higher chance on benefit from EVE/EXE. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry (IHC) of PTEN, p-AKT(Thr308), p-AKT(Ser473), p-4EBP1, p-p70S6K, p-S6RP(Ser240/244), p-ERK1/2 and p-S6RP (Ser235/236) was performed on primary tumour tissue and on biopsies immediately taken from ER +/HER2- MBC patients before the start of standard EVE/EXE (Eudract 2013-004120-11). Unsupervised hierarchical clustering was executed to create heatmaps to distinguish subgroups of preferentially activated and less-activated PI3K/MAPK proteins. Uni- and multivariate Cox models were used for associations with PFS. RESULTS: Primary tumour tissue from 145 patients was retrieved. Median PFS was 5.4 months. Patients without (neo)adjuvant therapy (p = 0.03) or bone only disease (p = 0.04) had longer PFS on EVE/EXE. In primary tumours, neither single proteins nor PI3K/MAPK-associated heatmap subgroups were significantly associated with PFS. In 21 patients a non-osseous biopsy obtained before dosing was useful for continuous scoring, which demonstrated upregulation of several proteins as compared to readings in corresponding primary tumour tissues. These comparisons revealed that increased expression of p-4EBP1 was significantly associated with worse PFS (multivariate HR 3.69, p = 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: IHC of single proteins or heatmap subgroups of the differentially activated PI3K/MAPK pathways was not able to discriminate patients on EVE/EXE with poor or better PFS. Upregulation of p-4EBP1 in pre-treatment biopsies as compared to levels in primary tumours pointed towards shorter PFS.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/fisiologia , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Androstadienos/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Everolimo/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia
11.
J Urol ; 204(3): 536, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32574521
13.
Cardiovasc Ther ; 2020: 1042329, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32411298

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of drug-coated balloons (DCB) with everolimus-eluting stents (EES) in the treatment of in-stent restenosis (ISR) and the differential relative effect of DCB in patients with drug-eluting stents (DES)-ISR and bare metal stents (BMS)-ISR. Background: The efficiency and safety of DCB and EES need to be assessed for the treatment of ISR. Methods: A systematic literature search was conducted using PubMed and EMBASE to identify all relevant studies. Angiographic results and clinical events were separately assessed. Subgroup meta-analyses were performed according to the type of restenosed stent. Results: Six randomized trials with 1134 patients were included. The overall pooled outcomes indicated that DCB was associated with lower minimum lumen diameter (mean difference (MD) = -0.17, 95% CI = -0.29 to -0.05, P = 0.006) and higher target lesion revascularization (risk ratio (RR) = 2.38, 95% CI = 1.36 to 4.18, P = 0.002) than EES. However, the subgroup meta-analyses showed that DCB was inferior to EES only in DES-ISR patients, with lower minimum lumen diameter (MD = -0.25, 95% CI = -0.37 to -0.14, P < 0.001), higher percent diameter stenosis (MD = 5.37, 95% CI = 1.33 to 9.42, P = 0.009), more binary restenosis (RR = 2.07, 95% CI = 1.20 to 3.58, P = 0.009), and higher incidence of target vessel revascularization (RR = 2.07, 95% CI = 1.22 to 3.50, P = 0.007) and target lesion revascularization (RR = 2.43, 95% CI = 1.28 to 4.22, P = 0.002). No differences in angiographic results and clinical events were found between DCB and EES in BMS-ISR patients. Conclusions: DCB was inferior to EES in DES-ISR and comparable in BMS-ISR in terms of angiographic results and clinical events.


Assuntos
Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/instrumentação , Cateteres Cardíacos , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/administração & dosagem , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Reestenose Coronária/terapia , Stents Farmacológicos , Everolimo/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/efeitos adversos , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Reestenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Reestenose Coronária/fisiopatologia , Everolimo/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Desenho de Prótese , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 36(9): 1617-1626, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32462449

RESUMO

Chronic second-generation drug-eluting stent recoil in severely calcified coronary lesions has not been studied. We aimed to evaluate chronic stent recoil by optical coherence tomography (OCT) in severely calcified lesions treated with thin strut stents after rotational atherectomy. In 28 lesions (26 patients with 23% on hemodialysis) treated with everolimus-eluting stents after rotational atherectomy, baseline and 8-month follow-up OCT were compared. Stent recoil was defined as >10% decrease in stent area from baseline to follow-up. Overall, there was no change in minimal stent area (6.0 mm2 [5.0, 8.1] to 6.0 mm2 [4.8, 8.6], p = 0.51) from baseline to follow-up, although neointimal hyperplasia measured 16.3 ± 15.8%. Thirty-six percent of lesions showed stent recoil associated with 6 non-nodular calcifications, 1 calcified nodule, and 3 stent deformations. The overall mean calcium angle with attenuation decreased (54° [29-76] to 31° [19-48], p < 0.0001), and calcium without attenuation increased (28° [21-67] to 64° [34-93], p < 0.0001), but primarily at the location of stent recoil. Furthermore, in the stent recoil segments in 10 recoil lesions, the stent circumference decreased primarily at non-calcium segments rather than at calcium with or without attenuation. One lesion with stent recoil and 2 lesions without stent recoil required repeat revascularization. Thin strut stents can chronically recoil in severely calcified lesions, but this rarely causes restenosis.


Assuntos
Fármacos Cardiovasculares/administração & dosagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Stents Farmacológicos , Everolimo/administração & dosagem , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Calcificação Vascular/terapia , Idoso , Aterectomia Coronária , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Doença Crônica , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Everolimo/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Neointima , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Calcificação Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem
15.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 36(9): 1627-1635, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32385540

RESUMO

Long-term safety of second generation drug-eluting stents (DES) has not yet been evaluated. We sought to evaluate the very late phase (> 3 years) vascular response after second generation everolimus-eluting stent (EES) as compared with first generation sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) by using optical coherence tomography (OCT). We examined the vascular response in 39 patients with a total of 55 DESs [31 EESs (mean 54 months after stenting) and 24 first generation SES (mean 66 months after stenting)] by OCT. The frequency of lesions with any malapposed stent struts (19% vs. 46%, p = 0.035) and evagination (6% vs. 42%, p = 0.002) was significantly lower. Segments with malapposed stent struts were significantly shorter (0.4 ± 0.9 mm vs. 1.9 ± 3.5 mm, p = 0.024), maximal malapposition area and malapposition volume were significantly smaller (0.26 ± 0.38 mm2 vs. 0.95 ± 1.54 mm2, p = 0.019, and 0.78 ± 1.35 mm3 vs. 6.22 ± 15.76 mm3, p = 0.016, respectively) in EES. Compared with first generation SES, second generation EES showed more favourable vascular responses at the very late phase.


Assuntos
Fármacos Cardiovasculares/administração & dosagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Stents Farmacológicos , Everolimo/administração & dosagem , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aterectomia Coronária , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Everolimo/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Desenho de Prótese , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Am J Cardiol ; 127: 16-24, 2020 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32360038

RESUMO

Cigarette smoking is a well-known risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD). However, the impact of smoking on outcomes after coronary revascularization, especially in patients with left main CAD (LMCAD) is less well understood. The EXCEL trial randomized 1,905 patients with LMCAD and visually assessed low or intermediate anatomical complexity (SYNTAX score ≤32) to PCI with everolimus-eluting stents or CABG. Patients were categorized according to smoking status (current, former, or never), and their outcomes at 5 years were compared by logistic regression with follow-up time included as a log-transformed offset variable. The primary endpoint was a composite of death, myocardial infarction, or stroke. Among 1893 patients with known smoking status at baseline, 416 (22%) were current smokers and 774 (41%) were former smokers. The crude rates of the primary endpoint were 19.5% for never smokers, 20.5% for former smokers (p = 0.61 vs never smokers), and 23.1% for smokers (p = 0.15 vs never smokers). Compared with never smokers, the adjusted risk of the primary endpoint was higher for current smokers (adjOR 1.82, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.126 to 2.63; p = 0.001), but not for former smokers (adjOR 1.00, 95% CI 0.75 to 1.33, p = 0.10). The relative efficacy of PCI versus CABG for the 5-year primary endpoint was similar irrespective of smoking status (Pinteraction = 0.22). In conclusion, current smokers in the EXCEL trial had a higher adjusted 5-year risk of the primary composite endpoint of death, myocardial infarction, or stroke than never smokers, whereas former smokers were not at increased risk. Active smoking was a risk factor after LMCAD revascularization irrespective of revascularization method.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Vasos Coronários/cirurgia , Stents Farmacológicos , Everolimo/farmacologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/etiologia , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Imunossupressores/farmacologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
An. sist. sanit. Navar ; 43(1): 103-106, ene.-abr. 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-193684

RESUMO

Everolimus es un inhibidor de mTOR, empleado en oncología y como inmunosupresor en el trasplante de órgano sólido. Sus efectos adversos a nivel metabólico son muy frecuentes, especialmente los más severos. Puede ocasionar hiperglucemia, hipercolesterolemia e hipertrigliceridemia, por lo que la monitorización de los parámetros metabólicos en las sucesivas visitas es vital para detectar e iniciar tratamientos que puedan prevenir las complicaciones. Se presenta el caso de una mujer con diagnóstico de tumor neuroendocrino intestinal que desarrolló dos pancreatitis agudas secundarias a hipertrigliceridemia severa por everolimus. Tras inicio de tratamiento con fibratos y omega-3, se normalizó la cifra de triglicéridos sin presentar nuevas complicaciones metabólicas ni digestivas secundarias al fármaco. La recomendación en pacientes con cáncer en tratamiento activo con everolimus es mantener los triglicéridos por debajo de 500 o 300 mg/dL, dependiendo de si la esperanza de vida es inferior o superior a un año, respectivamente


Everolimus is an mTOR inhibitor, approved as a treatment for cancer and as an immunosuppressant agent in solid organ transplantation; it frequently produces toxic metabolic effects, particularly of the most severe kind. Its use can cause hyperglycemia, hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia; thus, metabolic values should be monitored regularly to prevent these adverse events. We present the case of a woman with an intestinal neuroendocrine tumor who developed two episodes of acute pancreatitis, secondary to severe hypertriglyceridemia caused by everolimus. After treatment with fibrates and omega-3, triglyceride levels returned to baseline, without developing new metabolic or digestive complications. Targeted levels of triglyceride for cancer patients treated with everolimus, should be below 500 or 300 mg/dL, depending on whether life expectancy is less or longer than one year, respectively


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Hipolipemiantes/administração & dosagem , Pancreatite Necrosante Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Hipertrigliceridemia/induzido quimicamente , Everolimo/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/tratamento farmacológico , Imunossupressores/administração & dosagem , Everolimo/efeitos adversos , Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão , Íleo/diagnóstico por imagem , Proteína Regulatória Associada a mTOR/antagonistas & inibidores
18.
Am J Cardiol ; 125(11): 1624-1630, 2020 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32279841

RESUMO

Clinical benefits of bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) implantation for long coronary lesions were not sufficiently evaluated. The efficacy and safety of BVS and metallic everolimus-eluting stent (EES) were compared for the treatment of long coronary narrowings. A total of 341 patients with diffuse long lesions (requiring device length ≥28 mm) were randomized to receive either BVS (n = 171) or EES (n = 170) implantation. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiovascular events which included death from cardiac cause, myocardial infarction, device thrombosis, or ischemia-driven target-lesion revascularization at 12 months. The trial was terminated early because the manufacturer stopped supplying BVS. The mean lesion length was 32.2 ± 13.1 mm in the BVS group and 35.3 ± 13.0 mm in the EES group. The 12-month follow-up was completed in 332 patients (97.4%). At 12 months, the primary endpoint events occurred in 2 patients (1.2%) in the BVS group and in 4 patients (2.4%) in the EES group (hazard ratio = 0.49, 95% confidence interval = 0.09 to 2.67, p = 0.398). Definite or probable device thrombosis occurred in 1 patient (0.6%) in the BVS group and 1 patient (0.6%) in the EES group (hazard ratio = 1.00, 95% confidence interval = 0.06 to 15.94, p = 0.998). In conclusion, in patients with long native coronary artery disease, significant differences between BVS and EES were not observed regarding the primary composite endpoint of death from cardiac cause, myocardial infarction, device thrombosis, or target-lesion revascularization at 12 months. However, due to the early termination of this trial and a low number of events, the results cannot be considered clinically relevant (clinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02796157).


Assuntos
Implantes Absorvíveis , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Stents Farmacológicos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Tecidos Suporte , Idoso , Angina Estável/cirurgia , Angina Instável/cirurgia , Término Precoce de Ensaios Clínicos , Everolimo/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Cardiopatias/mortalidade , Humanos , Imunossupressores/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/cirurgia , Revascularização Miocárdica/estatística & dados numéricos , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Desenho de Prótese , Trombose
20.
Expert Rev Med Devices ; 17(5): 383-390, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32274941

RESUMO

Introduction: Coronary angioplasty with the use of stents transformed the percutaneous treatment of coronary artery disease. First-generation drug-eluting stents reduced the risk of restenosis but carried a threat of late stent thrombosis. Second-generation drug-eluting stents resolved these issues and have proven so far very good safety and efficacy performance.Areas covered: This article aims to describe the new XIENCE® Sierra everolimus-eluting coronary stent system, to analyze the available data so far with regards to the safety, the effectiveness, and the overall clinical performance of the device and to seek future perspectives.Expert opinion: XIENCE® Sierra everolimus-eluting coronary stent carries all the positive features of the precursor stents of the XIENCE® family and brings an ultra-low crossing profile which further increases deliverability and flexibility. CoCr-everolimus-eluting stents are among if not the most extensively investigated coronary stents and have demonstrated over the years a consistently remarkable low risk of acute, subacute, late, and very late stent thrombosis and are considered a trustworthy device in the interventional management of complex coronary artery disease.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Stents Farmacológicos/efeitos adversos , Equipamentos e Provisões/efeitos adversos , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Everolimo/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Vigilância de Produtos Comercializados , Resultado do Tratamento
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA