Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 33.534
Filtrar
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(35): e21935, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871936

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Follicular dendritic cell sarcoma (FDCS) is a rare malignant tumor that originates from germinal center follicular dendritic cells, and can occur at both nodal and extranodal sites. There are very few described cases of FDCS arising in the chest wall. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 44-year-old male patient presented with a history of right chest wall pain for 5 months. DIAGNOSES: Positron emission tomography/computed tomography showed a significant increase in F-fluorodeoxyglucose uptake and multiple small axillary lymph nodes without hypermetabolic lesions. Immunohistochemistry results of a core-needle biopsy indicated FDCS, which was consistent with the postoperative pathological examination. INTERVENTIONS: The patient underwent tumor resection with lymphadenectomy of level I axillary nodes. No metastasis in the lymph nodes was observed in the postoperative pathological examination. The patient did not accept chemotherapy or radiotherapy. OUTCOMES: After 18 months, the patient remains in good condition with no evidence of disease recurrence. LESSONS: This report highlights a rare case of a FDCS arising in the chest wall. Accurate clinical diagnosis and staging of this rare malignant sarcoma is essential for the developmnt of effective treatment strategies. Preoperative F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography scanning combined with core-needle biopsy could provide differentiation between benign and malignant tumors, as well as lymph node involvement and metastatic status.


Assuntos
Sarcoma de Células Dendríticas Foliculares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Torácicas/diagnóstico , Parede Torácica , Adulto , Biópsia com Agulha de Grande Calibre , Dor no Peito/etiologia , Sarcoma de Células Dendríticas Foliculares/patologia , Sarcoma de Células Dendríticas Foliculares/cirurgia , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodos/patologia , Masculino , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Neoplasias Torácicas/patologia , Neoplasias Torácicas/cirurgia , Parede Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Parede Torácica/patologia , Parede Torácica/cirurgia
3.
Anticancer Res ; 40(10): 5351-5354, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988853

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The treatment of breast cancer has progressed considerably over the years, with a significant de-escalation from radical mastectomies to the current paradigm of breast conserving surgery (BCS) and neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT). We aimed to appraise the literature regarding the feasibility of de-escalation of treatment of axillary disease in the context of NACT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We appraised studies and guidelines published regarding this topic and discussed them in this mini-review. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The SNB following NACT is oncologically safe in patients with clinically node negative disease and in patients with biopsy proven axillary node involvement at presentation provided that the dual technique is used and the clipped pathological node is harvested.


Assuntos
Axila/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Mastectomia Segmentar/efeitos adversos , Axila/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo/efeitos adversos , Metástase Linfática , Mastectomia Radical/efeitos adversos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(38): e22200, 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957351

RESUMO

The central lymph nodes of the neck are the most common sites of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) but cannot be easily diagnosed preoperatively. Prophylactic central lymph node dissection (CLND), especially contralateral CLND, is not recommended in various guidelines due to its high risk. The aim of our study was to establish an objective point score based on preoperative and intraoperative data to guide the selection of patients for contralateral CLND.We retrospectively evaluated 1085 consecutive patients with PTC treated by thyroidectomy for inclusion in this study (the training cohort). Variables of contralateral central lymph node macro-metastasis (CLNMM) were investigated using univariate and multivariate analyses; subsequently, nomograms were developed and then validated in an independent cohort of patients (n = 326, the validation cohort).Univariate and multivariate analyses indicated that preoperative fine needle aspiration-proven ipsilateral lateral lymph node metastasis (LNM) (odds ratio [OR] 4.888, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.587-41.280, P < .001) and cases with frozen-section pretracheal LNM (OR 19.015, 95% CI 2.949-186.040, P < .001) or Delphian LNM (OR 4.494, 95% CI 1.503-54.128, P < .001) were the 3 risk factors for contralateral CLNMM. A receiver operating characteristic curve indicated a cutoff value of 1 for the frozen-section pretracheal LNM number or the Delphian LNM number as a predictor of contralateral central lymph node metastasis (CLNM). The nomogram was then generated according to the 3 risk factors and well validated in the external cohorts, and the intraoperative frozen-section results were highly consistent with the postoperative pathological results.The proposed nomogram based on the 3 factors showed a good prediction of contralateral CLNMM in PTC.


Assuntos
Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodos/patologia , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/patologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Adulto , Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nomogramas , Curva ROC , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia
5.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 40(6): 837-842, 2020 Jun 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32895212

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the value of positive lymph node ratio (LNR) in predicting the prognosis of patients with esophageal cancer. METHODS: We retrieved the data of a total of 862 patients with esophageal cancer with complete clinical pathology data archived in SEER database in 2010 to 2015. The best cutoff point of LNR was selected using X-tile software. Univariate and multivariate COX proportional hazard models were used to assess the value of LNR in predicting the prognosis of patients after propensity score matching (PSM). RESULTS: The best cut-off point of LNR determined using X-tile 3.6.1 software was 0.16. The patients with LNR < 0.16 and those with LNR≥0.16 showed significant differences in the number of positive lymph nodes, pathological type, T stage and M stage. After 1:1 propensity score matching, the two groups showed no significant difference in the clinical data or pathological parameters. Matched univariate and multivariate COX regression analyses showed that LNR, primary tumor site and M staging were all independent risk factors affecting the prognosis of patients, and among them LNR had the most significant predictive value (LNR < 0.16 vs LNR≥0.16: HR=1.827, 95% CI: 1.140-2.929; P=0.000). The median survival time of patients with LNR < 0.16 was 31 months (95%CI: 22.556-39.444 months), as compared with 16 months (95%CI: 12.989-19.011) in patient with LNR≥0.16 (Log Rank χ2=27.392, P < 0.0001). LNR had a better accuracy than N stage for assessing the patients' prognosis with an area under the ROC curve of 0.617 (95%CI: 0.567-0.666), as compared with 0.515 (95%CI: 0.463-0.565) of N stage (z=3.008, P=0.0026). CONCLUSIONS: LNR≥0.16 is an independent risk factor affecting the prognosis of patients with esophageal cancer and has better prognostic value than N stage.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas , Linfonodos , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Razão entre Linfonodos , Metástase Linfática , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(36): e21453, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32898994

RESUMO

To analyze the relationship between pathologic subtype and lymph node metastasis for lung adenocarcinomas of ≤3 cm diameter.We retrospectively studied 384 patients with operable lung adenocarcinomas of ≤3 cm diameter that had been radically resected by lobectomy or anatomic segmentectomy with systematic nodal dissection, at the Fujian Medical University Union Hospital between March 2014 and March 2016.Lymph node metastasis pN1 + pN2 (pN+) was found in 2 of 104 (1.9%) patients with tumor diameter ≤1.0 cm, 12 of 159 (7.5%) patients with tumor diameter >1.0 cm but ≤2.0 cm, and 35 of 121 (28.9%) patients with tumor size >2.0 cm but ≤3.0 cm (P < .01). Lymph node metastasis pN+ was found in 19 of 53 (35.8%) patients with visceral invasion pleural (VIP) and 30 of 331 (9.0%) patients without VIP (P < .05). It was also found in 16 of 51 (31.3%) patients with high serum CEA concentrations and 28 of 297 (9.4%) patients with normal concentrations (P < .05). In a multivariate analysis, tumor diameter, VIP, high serum CEA concentration, and pathologic subtype were significant risk factors. The prevalences of lymph node metastasis pN+ were: 0.0% (0/2), 0.0% (0/89), 3.2% (1/31), 16.2% (34/209), 7.7% (1/13), 46.7% (7/15), 100% (4/4), and 11.8% (2/17) for adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS); minimally invasive adenocarcinoma (MIA); predominantly lepidic (LEP), acinar (ACI), papillary, solid (SOL), and micropapillary (MIP) tumors; and variants of invasive adenocarcinoma, respectively (P < .05). For predominant SOL and MIP tumors, the prevalences of lymph node involvement were significantly higher than for the other subtypes.We have shown that lymph node metastasis in patients with tumor diameter ≤3 cm differs according to lung adenocarcinoma subtype. AIS and MIA were not associated with lymph node metastasis; therefore, systematic nodal dissection may be unnecessary. The prevalence of lymph node metastasis rate was low for LEP, suggesting that systemic lymph node sampling is sufficient. In contrast, for other pathologic subtypes, including SOL and MIP, systematic lymph node dissection should be performed.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Excisão de Linfonodo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 45(6): 701-708, 2020 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879128

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Lymph node metastasis affects the initial treatment strategy for cervical cancer and is hard to be diagnosed in clinical practice.This paper aims to explore the relationship between calcium-binding A9 (S100A9) and lymph node metastasis (LNM) in cervical cancer, and to determine the predictive value of S100A9 for LNM in cervical cancer. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study and collected the pathological data, follow-up data, and paraffin tissue samples of 99 patients with cervical cancer who underwent modified extensive or extensive hysterectomy plus pelvic lymphadenectomy at the Department of Gynecology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University from January 2013 to December 2018. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of S100A9 in cervical cancer tissues, and the correlation between S100A9 expression and LNM of cervical cancer, or clinicopathological characteristics were analyzed. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to establish a predictive model for LNM of cervical cancer, and Chi-square test of four-grid table was used to evaluate the diagnostic value of S100A9 for LNM in cervical cancer. RESULTS: The expression of S100A9 was significantly correlated with LNM. The S100A9 immunohistochemical semi-quantitative score of the LNM group was significantly higher than that in the non-lymph node metastasis group (P<0.001). Moreover, the expression of S100A9 was significantly correlated with histological type, stromal invasion, lymphatic vessel invasion, or LNM (P<0.05). The cut-off of the ROC curve for predicting LNM was 5, with the Youden index of 0.649 and the area under the ROC curve of 0.863. The disease-free survival and overall survival in the S100A9 positive group were significantly shorter than those in the negative group (P<0.05). S100A9 alone had a sensitivity of 71.4%, a specificity of 91.5%, and an accuracy of 85.1% for diagnosing LNM. Imaging had a sensitivity of 32.1%, a specificity of 74.6%, and an accuracy of 60.9%. Combination of S100A9 with image examination in parallel test had a sensitivity of 85.7%, a specificity of 71.2%, and an accuracy of 75.9%, while combination of S100A9 and image examination in serial test had a sensitivity of 17.9%, a specificity of 98.3%, and an accuracy of 72.4%. CONCLUSIONS: S100A9 may be associated with LNM in cervical cancer. S100A9 shows a promising perspective in predicting LNM in cervical cancer. Combination of S100A9 and image examination in serial test has a high specificity for LNM.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Feminino , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodos , Metástase Linfática , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 55(9): 589-599, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957747

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the long-term oncological outcomes between laparoscopic and abdominal surgery in stage Ⅰa1 (lymph-vascular space invasion-positive, LVSI+)- Ⅰb1 cervical cancer patients with different tumor sizes. Methods: Based on the Big Database of Clinical Diagnosis and Treatment of Cervical Cancer in China (1538 project database), patients with stage Ⅰa1 (LVSI+)-Ⅰb1 cervical cancer who treated by laparoscopic or abdominal surgery were included. The 5-year overall survival (OS) and 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) between the two surgical approaches were compared under 1∶1 propensity score matching (PSM) in different tumor diameter stratification. Results: (1) A total of 4 891 patients with stage Ⅰa1 (LVSI+)-Ⅰb1 cervical cancer who underwent laparoscopy or laparotomy from January 1, 2009 to December 31, 2016 were included in the 1538 project database. Among them, 1 926 cases in the laparoscopic group and 2 965 cases in the abdominal group. There were no difference in 5-year OS and 5-year DFS between the two groups before matching. Cox multivariate analysis suggested that laparoscopic surgery was associated with lower 5-year DFS (HR=1.367, 95%CI: 1.105-1.690, P=0.004). After 1∶1 PSM matching, 1 864 patients were included in each group, and there was no difference in 5-year OS between the two groups (94.1% vs 95.4%, P=0.151). While, the inferior 5-year DFS was observed in the laparoscopic group (89.0% vs 92.3%, P=0.004). And the laparoscopic surgery was associated with lower 5-year DFS (HR=1.420, 95%CI: 1.109-1.818, P=0.006). (2) In stratification analysis of different tumor sizes, and there were no difference in 5-year OS and 5-year DFS between the laparoscopic group and abdominal group in tumor size ≤1 cm, >1-2 cm and >2-3 cm stratification (all P>0.05). Cox multivariate analysis showed that laparoscopic surgery were not related to 5-year OS and 5-year DFS (P>0.05). In the stratification of tumor size >3-4 cm, there was no difference in 5-year OS between the two groups (P>0.05). The 5-year DFS in the laparoscopic group was worse than that in the abdominal group (75.7% vs 85.8%, P=0.025). Cox multivariate analysis suggested that laparoscopic surgery was associated with lower 5-year DFS (HR=1.705, 95%CI: 1.088-2.674, P=0.020). Conclusions: For patients with stage Ⅰa1 (LVSI+)-Ⅰb1 cervical cancer, laparoscopic surgery is associated with lower 5-year DFS, and the adverse effect of laparoscopic surgery on oncology prognosis is mainly reflected in patients with tumor size >3-4 cm. For patients with tumor sizes ≤1 cm, >1-2 cm and >2-3 cm, there are no difference in oncological prognosis between the two surgical approaches.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia/métodos , Laparotomia/métodos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Histerectomia/métodos , Excisão de Linfonodo/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 55(9): 600-608, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957748

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of laparoscopic radical hysterectomy for early cervical adenocarcinoma. Methods: A retrospective observational study was performed by reviewing medical records of patients with staging Ⅰb1-Ⅱa2 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO, 2009) cervical adenocarcinoma who underwent laparoscopic or abdominal radical hysterectomy from 2007 to 2017 in the Cancer Hospital, Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. The difference among clinicopathologic characteristics, surgery-related parameters and complications, and prognosis were analyzed between the laparoscopic group and abdominal group. Results: Two hundreds and ninety-three patients were included with 88 cases in laparoscopic group and 205 cases in abdominal group. (1) There was no significant difference in clinicopathologic characteristics between the two groups (all P>0.05), including age, body mass index, menopause status, history of abdominal surgery, clinical stage, tumor diameter, neoadjuvant chemotherapy, differentiation, lymph-vascular space invasion, positive of surgical margin, parametrial invasion, and lymph node metastasis. But the abdominal group showed a higher proportion of deep stromal invasion (38.5% vs 25.0%, P<0.05). No significant difference was observed between two groups with number of lymph nodes resected, urinary catheter retention, short-term surgical complications (including ureteral injury, ileus, infection, hydronephrosis and poor wound healing), and long-term complications (including voiding dysfunction, defecation dysfunction and lower limb edema; all P>0.05). (2) The laparoscopic group was significantly associated with a longer operation time [(260±51) minutes vs (244±53) minutes, P<0.05], but less bleeding (100 ml vs 300 ml, P<0.01), shorter hospital stay [(13±5) days vs (16±8) days, P<0.01] and lower incidence of lymphedema (12.5% vs 27.8%, P<0.01). (3) The 5-year progression-free survival (PFS; 85.7% vs 86.4%, P=0.971) and 5-year overall survival (OS; 91.4% vs 93.0%, P=0.657) of laparoscopic group were comparable to that of abdominal group. (4) Multivariate analysis demonstrated that lymph node metastasis (HR=2.44, 95%CI: 1.16-5.15, P=0.019) was independent poor prognostic factors related to PFS, while adenosquamous carcinoma (HR=2.54, 95%CI: 1.02-6.35, P=0.046), lymph-vascular space invasion (HR=3.86, 95%CI: 1.60-9.33, P=0.003) and lymph node metastasis (HR=5.92, 95%CI: 2.45-14.34, P<0.01) were independent poor prognostic factors related to OS. The laparoscopy surgery was not an independent poor prognostic factor (P=0.396). Conclusion: The laparoscopic radical hysterectomy for early cervical adenocarcinoma has comparable prognosis to abdominal radical hysterectomy with a higher surgery quality.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Histerectomia/efeitos adversos , Laparoscopia , Excisão de Linfonodo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , China/epidemiologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
10.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 55(9): 609-616, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957749

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the prognosis of patients with cervical cancer in stage Ⅰb2-Ⅱa2 undergoing laparoscopic radical hysterectomy or abdominal radical hysterectomy. Methods: From January 1, 2009 to December 31, 2018, patients with stage Ⅰb2-Ⅱa2 who underwent laparoscopic or abdominal radical hysterectomy (laparoscopic group and abdominal group) in Peking University People's Hospital were collected. The clinicopathological data were retrospectively analyzed. There were 237 cases in this study, including 115 cases in laparoscopic group and 122 cases in abdominal group. The clinicopathological characteristics, surgery-related complications, recurrence and death were analyzed between the two groups. The related factors of recurrence and death were also analyzed.During laparoscopic surgery, the pressure of the carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum were controlled, to try avoid the tumor tissue in the vagina from being exposed to the abdominal cavity when taking out the uterine specimen through the vagina, and fully flushed the abdominal cavity with sterile water after the specimen was taken out. Results: (1) Clinicopathological characteristics: there was no significant differences between the two groups among age, pathological type, pathological grade, clinical stage, depth of interstitial infiltration, lymph node metastasis,parametrial infiltration, vaginal stump infiltration, lymph-vascular space invasion (LVSI), neoadjuvant chemotherapy, and postoperative adjuvant treatments (all P>0.05). (2) Surgery-related complications: the incidence of surgery-related complications in the laparoscopic group and the abdominal group were 32.2% (37/115) and 25.4% (31/122), respectively. There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05). (3) Recurrence and death: during the follow-up period, the recurrence rates of the laparoscopic group and the abdominal group were respectively 15.7% (18/115) and 12.3% (15/122). There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups (P=0.456). The 5-year overall survival rates of the laparoscopic group and the open group were 86.8% and 87.8%, and the 5-year tumor-free survival rates were 81.7% and 84.6%, respectively. There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups (P=0.405, P=0.429). (4) Analysis of related factors of recurrence and death: univariate analysis showed that neoadjuvant chemotherapy, lymph node metastasis, vaginal stump infiltration, LVSI and interstitial infiltration depth were risk factors for postoperative recurrence of cervical cancer patients (all P<0.05); neoadjuvant chemotherapy, lymph node metastasis, parametrial infiltration, vaginal stump infiltration, LVSI and interstitial infiltration depth were risk factors for postoperative death in patients with cervical cancer (all P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that neoadjuvant chemotherapy and lymph node metastasis were independent risk factors for postoperative recurrence and death of cervical cancer patients (P<0.05). Conclusion: There is no significant difference in the prognosis of patients with cervical cancer in stage Ⅰb2-Ⅱa2 undergoing laparoscopic radical hysterectomy with non-touch operative technique and abdominal radical hysterectomy.


Assuntos
Histerectomia/efeitos adversos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Histerectomia/métodos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade
11.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 55(9): 617-623, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957750

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the oncologic outcomes of different laparoscopic radical hysterectomy. Methods: From January 2011 to December 2014, the laparoscopic operation cases of cervical cancer at stage Ⅰb1, Ⅰb2, Ⅱa1 and Ⅱa2, including the histologic subtypes of squamous-cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma and adenosquamous carcinoma, were collected in five clinical centers. The data were divided into two groups according to the surgical procedures, that is, modified laparoscopic-vaginal radical hysterectomy (mLVRH) and total laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (TLRH). The overall survival rate (OS), disease-free survival rate (DFS) at 5 years were retrospectively analyzed in this study. Results: There were 674 cases in total, including 377 cases of mLVRH, 297 cases of TLRH. (1) The OS at 5 years: the mLVRH was 96.1% and the TLRH was 92.0%, and the mLVRH was higher than that of TLRH (P=0.010). Stratify analysis, including stage of disease (Ⅰb1 and Ⅱa1), histologic subtypes (squamous-cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma), lymph node metastasis, revealed that, ① Stage of disease: in stage Ⅰb1, the OS at five years of mLVRH was higher than that in TLRH group (98.6% vs 93.6%, P=0.012). In stage Ⅱa1, there was significant difference between the two groups, the OS at five years of mLVRH and TLRH were 93.6% and 77.6% (P=0.007). ② Histologic subtypes: for the OS at five years of squamous-cell carcinoma, mLVRH and TLRH were 96.1% and 92.3%, and there was significant difference (P=0.046); for adenocarcinoma, the OS at five years were 91.0% and 88.6%, and there was no difference between two groups (P=0.230). ③ Lymph node metastasis: the mLVRH and TLRH with lymph node metastasis, the OS at five years were 98.6% and 96.4%; the mLVRH and TLRH without lymph node metastasis, the OS at five years were 89.3% and 80.8%. There were no significant differences between the two groups,respectively (P=0.156, P=0.093). (2) The DFS at 5 years: there was no significant difference between mLVRH and TLRH (94.1% vs 90.9%, P=0.220). Stratify analysis for stage of disease, the mLVRH group was higher than that in the TLRH group in stage Ⅰb1 (97.0% vs 92.8%, P=0.039). However, for stage Ⅱa1, there was no significant difference between mLVRH and TLRH group (88.2% vs 75.8%, P=0.074). Conclusions: The results of this retrospective study indicated that different laparoscopy surgical procedures had diverse oncologic outcomes. The OS at 5 years of the mLVRH is superior to the TLRH. The DFS at 5 years in Ⅰb1 stage, the mLVRH is higher than the TLRH. Therefore, the modified laparoscopy is still an alternative surgery for early cervical cancer patients when following the principle of no-tumor-exposure.


Assuntos
Histerectomia/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
12.
N Z Med J ; 133(1520): 50-60, 2020 08 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32994593

RESUMO

AIM: Therapeutic lymphadenectomy remains the gold standard for surgical management of clinically evident regional cervical disease for cutaneous malignancy. However, international consensus on adequate lymphadenectomy is lacking. Attempts have been made to establish quality measures; suggested benchmarks for minimum and average nodal yield, as well as recurrence and complication rates have been quoted. We aim to compare our key performance indicators to those benchmarks published in the literature. METHODS: This is a retrospective observational study conducted with prospectively maintained data, over an 11-year period (2007-2018). RESULTS: Of 91 cervical lymphadenectomies included, mean nodal yield for ≤3 and ≥4 dissection levels were 19.7 and 38.7 respectively. We observed a combined locoregional recurrence rate of 25%. Subgroup analysis for melanoma (60) and cSCC (28) revealing regional nodal recurrence of 15% and 11%, respectively. We observed a 38.5% complication rate; however, less than 5.5% was considered grade IIIb/IIIb(d) [Clavein-Dindo]. Median follow-up of 19.3 months, five-year survivial rate of 38% and 32% for melanoma and cSCC, respectively. CONCLUSION: Our data indicates that we are meeting quality measures, set by higher volume centres. We believe that any surgeon with subspecialty training in head and neck surgery can meet quality measures with regards to cervical lymphadenopathy for cutaneous malignancy.


Assuntos
Excisão de Linfonodo/métodos , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Pescoço/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/cirurgia , Humanos , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Masculino , Melanoma/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores/métodos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Nova Zelândia/epidemiologia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/secundário , Cirurgiões/educação , Taxa de Sobrevida
13.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 42(8): 653-659, 2020 Aug 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32867457

RESUMO

Objective: To identify the risk factors of non-sentinel lymph node (nSLN) metastasis in breast cancer patients with 1~2 positive axillary sentinel lymph node (SLN) and construct an accurate prediction model. Methods: Retrospective chart review was performed in 917 breast cancer patients who underwent surgery treatment between 2002 and 2017 and pathologically confirmed 1-2 positive SLNs. According to the date of surgery, patients were divided into training group (497 cases) and validation group (420 cases). A nomogram was built to predict nSLN metastasis and the accuracy of the model was validated. Results: Among the 917 patients, 251 (27.4%) had nSLN metastasis. Univariate analysis showed tumor grade, lymphovascular invasion (LVI), extra-capsular extension (ECE), the number of positive and negative SLN and macro-metastasis of SLN were associated with nSLN metastasis (all P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed the numbers of positive SLN, negative SLN and macro-metastasis of SLN were independent predictors of nSLN metastasis (all P<0.05). A nomogram was constructed based on the 6 factors. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.718 for the training group and 0.742 for the validation group. Conclusion: We have developed a nomogram that uses 6 risk factors commonly available to accurately estimate the likelihood of nSLN metastasis for individual patient, which might be helpful for radiation oncologists to make a decision on regional nodal irradiation.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Excisão de Linfonodo , Metástase Linfática/diagnóstico , Nomogramas , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela , Linfonodo Sentinela/patologia , Axila , Humanos , Linfonodos/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Rev. méd. panacea ; 9(2): 90-97, mayo-ago. 2020. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1121163

RESUMO

Los linfomas son el conjunto de enfermedades neoplásicas de los linfocitos. El diagnóstico se fundamenta en la anamnesis, examen físico, biopsia ganglionar y estudios imagenológicos que permiten valorar la enfermedad para su estadiación y tratamiento. Objetivo: Caracterizar a partir de indicadores clínico-histo-imagenológico en casos con linfomas de localización mediastinal atendidos en el Instituto Nacional de Oncología y Radiobiología de Septiembre de 2017 a Diciembre de 2019. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio preliminar, descriptivo, prospectivo en una población de 167 casos y una muestra de 43 pacientes con linfomas de localización mediastinal. Se estudiaron las variables: sexo, edad, índice de masa corporal, síntomas y signos, tipo de tumor, subtipo histológico, estadiación por criterios de Ann-Arbor, tamaño ganglionar y localización mediastinal. Resultados: El pico de incidencia se observó entre los 25-35 años. La mayor cantidad de casos presentaron sobrepeso (n=10; 23,3%). Predominaron los Linfomas de Hodgkin (n=31; 71,8%) subtipo Esclerosis Nodular (n=22; 51,2%) con estadio IA (LH=14; 32,6%). El tamaño promedio de los ganglios fue de 25,1±17,3 mm. En todos los niveles de la anatomía mediastínica se observaron lesiones ganglionares, a predominio del mediastino superior. Otras características predominantes observadas por TC incluyeron ganglios hipodensos homogéneos (n=34; 79,07%), realce postcontraste con captación homogénea (n=24; 55,81), invasión de estructuras vecinas (n=18; 41,8%) y densidades entre 32-108 UH. Conclusiones: En la valoración de los indicadores imagenológicos por tomografía computarizada contrastada se detectan cambios morfológicos, al tomar como criterio fundamental la afectación ganglionar y el tamaño de las adenopatías en el diagnóstico, estadiamiento y reevaluación de casos con linfomas. (AU)


Lymphomas are the group of neoplastic diseases of lymphocytes. The diagnosis is based on the anamnesis, physical examination, lymph node biopsy and imaging studies that allow the disease to be assessed for its statistics and treatment. Objective: To characterize, with clinical-histological-imaging indicators, cases with lymphomas of mediastinal location treated at the National Institute of Oncology and Radiobiology from September 2017 to December 2019. Materials and methods: A preliminary, descriptive, prospective study was conducted in a population of 167 cases and a sample of 43 patients with lymphomas of mediastinal location. Variables were studied: sex, age, body mass index, symptoms and signs, tumor type, histological subtype, statistics by Ann-Arbor criteria, lymph node size and mediastinal location. Results: The peak incidence was recorded between 25-35 years. The highest number of specific cases of overweight (n = 10; 23.3%). Hodgkin lymphomas (n = 31, 71.8%), Nodular sclerosis subtype (n = 22, 51.2%) with stage IA (LH = 14, 32.6%) predominated. The average size of the nodes was 25.1 ± 17.3 mm. Nodal lesions were observed at all levels of the mediastinal anatomy, a predominance of the upper mediastinum. Other predominant features observed by CT include homogeneous hypodense nodes (n = 34; 79.07%), post-contrast enhancement with homogeneous uptake (n = 24; 55.81), invasion of neighboring structures (n = 18; 41.8%) and densities between 32-108 UH. Conclusions: Morphological changes were detected in the evaluation of the imaging indicators by contrast computed tomography, taking lymph node involvement and the size of lymphadenopathy as a fundamental criterion in the diagnosis, staging and reevaluation of cases with lymphomas. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias do Mediastino/diagnóstico por imagem , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Estudos Prospectivos
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(30): e21368, 2020 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32791745

RESUMO

Pulmonary metastasectomy is considered to be a feasible method for selected colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. This study aimed to optimize the individualized surgical strategy of pulmonary metastasectomy, especially in choice of surgery extent and systematic mediastinal lymph nodes dissection.Data of 267 CRC patients who underwent pulmonary metastasectomy from July 2011 to July 2017 in Shanghai Cancer Center Fudan University were reviewed. Recurrence-free survival (RFS), overall survival (OS) and other clinical characteristics were compared between patients who accepted different surgical strategy.A total of 93 (34.8%) patients underwent lobectomy, 162 (60.7%) wedge resection, and 12 (4.5%) segmentectomy. Mediastinal lymph nodes dissection or sampling was performed in 106 (39.7%) patients. The median follow-up phase was 32.5 months (range 7.2-104.7 months). Patients were divided into 2 groups according to the surgical extent, lobectomy group and sublobar resection group. The median RFS and OS were 46.4 and 76.5 months for patients underwent, respectively. In the patients whose tumor diameter was ≥ 1.5 cm, RFS (5-year; 44.9% vs 29.8%, log-rank P = .03; hazard ratio, 0.71; 95% CI 0.52-0.89, P = .026) was better in the lobectomy group; however, no difference was found in OS. Meanwhile, in the patients whose tumor size was <1.5 cm, no difference was observed in RFS, as well as in OS. In the patients with metastatic lesion size ≥1.5 cm, a trend towards better RFS was found in patients received lymph nodes dissection, but it did not reach statistical significance.Lobectomy has more curative significance for CRC patients with single pulmonary metastatic lesion ≥1.5 cm. Systematic mediastinal lymph nodes dissection did not improve clinical outcome for CRC patients occurred pulmonary metastasis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Pulmão/cirurgia , Pneumonectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Pulmão/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/secundário , Excisão de Linfonodo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Lancet ; 396(10251): 635-648, 2020 08 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32861308

RESUMO

Gastric cancer is the fifth most common cancer and the third most common cause of cancer death globally. Risk factors for the condition include Helicobacter pylori infection, age, high salt intake, and diets low in fruit and vegetables. Gastric cancer is diagnosed histologically after endoscopic biopsy and staged using CT, endoscopic ultrasound, PET, and laparoscopy. It is a molecularly and phenotypically highly heterogeneous disease. The main treatment for early gastric cancer is endoscopic resection. Non-early operable gastric cancer is treated with surgery, which should include D2 lymphadenectomy (including lymph node stations in the perigastric mesentery and along the celiac arterial branches). Perioperative or adjuvant chemotherapy improves survival in patients with stage 1B or higher cancers. Advanced gastric cancer is treated with sequential lines of chemotherapy, starting with a platinum and fluoropyrimidine doublet in the first line; median survival is less than 1 year. Targeted therapies licensed to treat gastric cancer include trastuzumab (HER2-positive patients first line), ramucirumab (anti-angiogenic second line), and nivolumab or pembrolizumab (anti-PD-1 third line).


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/terapia , Terapia Combinada , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Neoplasias Gástricas/etiologia
17.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 23(8): 791-794, 2020 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32810952

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the safety and feasibility of indocyanine green (ICG) injection through accessory incision in laparoscopic right hemicolectomy. Methods: A descriptive case series study was carried out. Clinicopathological data of 29 patients with colon cancer undergoing right hemicolectomy at Department of General Surgery, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. All the patients received ICG injection through accessory incision at the beginning of operation. Results: Among 29 patients, 13 were male and 16 were female with a mean age of (60.8±7.7) years and mean body mass index of (24.3±2.8) kg/m(2); 3 were stage I, 19 were stage II, 7 were stage III. Pericolic, intermediate and main lymph nodes could be detected under near infrared fluorescence imaging (NIRFI) in all the cases. No.6 lymph nodes were observed in 3 cases, while no lymph nodes around superior mesenteric vein (SMV) were found. The average number of fluorescent lymph node was 14.2±6.1. The average developing time of fluorescence was (36.2±3.7) minutes. The average number of harvested lymph nodes was 22.4±8.2. There was no extravasation of imaging agent during the operation, and there were no intraoperative complications such as allergies, massive abdominal bleeding, peripheral organ damage, etc. Operative time was (113.1±10.7) minutes, blood loss during operation was (22.4±3.9) ml, ambulatory time was (1.2±0.4) days, time to the first flatus was (1.7±0.7) days, time to the first fluid diet was (0.7±0.4) days, and postoperative hospital stay was (5.8±1.5) days. No operation-associated complications such as anastomotic bleeding, anastomotic leakage, peritoneal bleeding, peritoneal infection, incision infection occurred after operation. Conclusion: ICG injection through accessory incision in laparoscopic right hemicolectomy is safe and feasible.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo , Laparoscopia , Idoso , Colectomia , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Verde de Indocianina , Excisão de Linfonodo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(30): 2363-2366, 2020 Aug 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32791812

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the application of axillary reverse mapping (ARM) in breast cancer sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB), and to collect and record patient's data during operation. Through the specific experimental data, the anatomical location and morphology of the intercostal brachial nerve (ICBN) and the anatomic relationship of the axillary lymph nodes were analyzed to accurately locate the anatomical division of the axillary fossa of sentinel lymph node (SLN) and ARM lymph nodes. Methods: The technique of methylene blue staining for SLN combined with indocyanine green fluorescent staining for axillary reverse mapping was used to analyze the patients of Tianjin Central Hospital of Gynecology Obstetrics from June 2017 to June 2018. The clinical data of 35 patients with T1-2N0M0 breast cancer were analyzed. Results: Of the 35 patients, two cases were excluded from metastatic carcinoma of the SLN. Thirty-three cases were included in the data analysis. Three cases of ICBN were located 0-2.0 cm (9.09%) from the lower edge of the iliac vein, 27 cases were located at 2.0-4.0 cm (81.82%), and 3 cases of ICBN were located greater than 4.0 cm (9.09%). In the region of 0-2.0 cm from the lower edge of the iliac vein, 1-2 ARM lymph nodes were found in 5 cases; in the 2.0-4.0 cm area, SLN was found in 33 cases, 4 of which found 1 coincident lymph node; at>4.0 cm ARM lymph nodes and overlapping lymph nodes were not found in the cm region, and 1-2 SLNs were found in 3 cases. Conclusions: Individual ICBNs vary greatly, with different shapes and distances from the lower edge of the axillary vein. The axillary region below the iliac vein can be divided into three regions: ARM region (0-2.0 cm); SLN region (2.0-4.0 cm); and sentinel gate region (>4.0 cm). The position 2.0 cm from the lower edge of the iliac vein can be used as the boundary between the ARM lymph node and the SLN. 4. There is a certain proportion of coincidence rate between SLN and ARM lymph nodes.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Linfonodo Sentinela , Axila , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodos , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela
20.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 55(6): 395-401, 2020 Jun 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32842246

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the treatment and prognosis of vulvar melanoma. Methods: A total of 59 cases of primary vulvar melanoma admitted to Cancer Hospital of Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from January 1st, 1981 to November 30th, 2019 were collected. The clinical characteristics, treatment, survival and prognostic factors of vulvar melanoma were analyzed retrospectively. The end date of follow-up was January 15th, 2020.The median follow-up time was 26.0 months (range:2-198 months). Results: (1) Clinical characteristics: the median age of 59 patients with vulvar melanoma was 56 years old (range:18-83 years old). According to the American Joint Committee on Cancer stage manual, there were 18, 7, 26 and 8 cases of stage Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ and Ⅳ respectively. The lesion of 38 cases was single and the other 21 cases were multiple. The largest diameter of the tumor ranged from 0.3 to 17.0 cm.The surface of the lesion was ulcerated in 17 cases. (2) Treatment: a total of 59 cases with vulvar melanoma, 56 patients received surgery, 36 cases of them received radical resection of vulva and 20 received local extended resection of vulvar tumor due to unilateral vulva lesion. Three patients did not receive surgery,one received chemotherapy combined with interferon, one received interferon, and one received radiotherapy. Lymph node management: among the 56 patients treated by surgery, 37 patients received inguinal lymphadenectomy, 24 (65%, 24/37) of whom were confirmed with inguinal lymph node metastasis by postoperative pathological examination. Inguinal lymph nodes enlargement were not found in 19 cases by preoperative imaging and clinical examination. In these 19 patients, three patients received inguinal lymph node biopsy, among them, one (1/3) patient was confirmed with inguinal lymph node metastasis by postoperative pathological examination, and the remaining 16 patients did not receive inguinal lymph node surgery. Postoperative adjuvant treatment: among the 56 patients who received surgery, 31 received adjuvant chemotherapy,one received adjuvant radiotherapy, four received interferon therapy, 17 received combination therapy including chemotherapy, and three did not receive postoperative adjuvant therapy. (3) Survival:during the follow-up period, the median survival time of 59 patients with vulvar melanoma was 30.0 months (range:2.0-198.0 months). The 3-year survival rate was 42.5%, and the 5-year survival rate was 23.8%. The median survival time of stage Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ and Ⅳ were 72.0, 45.0, 24.0 and 23.0 months, respectively. The difference among stage Ⅰ, Ⅱ and stage Ⅲ, Ⅳ were statistically significant (P<0.01). The median survival time of patients undergoing radical resection of the vulva (35.0 months) and local enlarged tumor resection (29.0 months) were significantly longer than that of patients without surgery (9.0 months, P<0.01). The median survival time of the patients who underwent inguinal lymphadenectomy, lymph node biopsy and those who did not undergo surgery were 35.0, 32.0 and 30.0 months, respectively. There were no significant differences among the 3 groups (P>0.05). The median survival time of postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy patients (49.0 months) were significantly longer than that of postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy, interferon,and combination therapy including chemotherapy (9.0, 14.0 and 26.0 months, respectively, all P<0.01). (4) Prognostic factors: the univariate analysis showed that stage, vulvar operation and postoperative adjuvant treatment were the risk factors affecting the prognosis of patients with vulvar melanoma (P<0.01). Multivariate analysis revealed that stage alone was an independent risk factor affecting the prognosis of patients with vulvar melanoma (P<0.01). Conclusions: The prognosis of patients with vulvar melanoma is poor, and stage is an independent prognostic factor.Surgery combined with postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy may achieve relatively good results.


Assuntos
Excisão de Linfonodo , Melanoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias Vulvares/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Melanoma/mortalidade , Melanoma/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Neoplasias Vulvares/mortalidade , Neoplasias Vulvares/patologia , Adulto Jovem
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA