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1.
Food Chem ; 367: 130781, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34391997

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate effects of dietary grape seed proanthocyanidin extract (GSPE) supplementation on meat quality, muscle fiber characteristics and antioxidant capacity of finishing pigs. The data showed GSPE increased pH24 h, redness, crude protein content and decreased shear force, drip loss48 h, lactate content and glycolytic potential in longissimus dorsi (LD) muscle, accompanied by increased contents of total polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA), n-3 PUFA, and the ratio of PUFA to saturated fatty acid. GSPE promoted MyHC I mRNA and slow MyHC protein expression, and increased slow-twitch fiber percentage. The activities of total antioxidant capacity, total superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase in LD muscle were increased by GSPE while malondialdehyde content was decreased. Together, this study demonstrated that dietary GSPE supplementation can effectively improve the color, water-holding capacity, tenderness and nutritional value of pork, and increase slow-twitch fiber percentage and antioxidant capacity of finishing pigs.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Extrato de Sementes de Uva , Ração Animal/análise , Suplementos Nutricionais , Carne/análise , Fibras Musculares Esqueléticas , Proantocianidinas , Suínos
2.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 3): 132245, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34543908

RESUMO

Aluminum phosphide is a well-known hazardous agent used as an agricultural pesticide to protect stored grains from insect damage. However, accidental consumption of a trivial amount of it caused irreversible damage to the human body or even death in acute cases. The present study used taurine and grape seed extract as a natural cardioprotective medicine against aluminum phosphide poisoning by decreasing oxidative stress. The activity of oxidative stress biomarkers (Malondialdehyde, Catalase, Protein carbonyl, and Superoxide dismutase) were evaluated in the cell line model on Human Cardiac Myocyte cells. In the beginning, to clarify the pure impact of aluminum phosphide poison, taurine, and grape seed extract on the human heart cells, their effects on the biomarkers quantity in cell line were measured. Subsequently, the effect of taurine and grape seed extract with various concentrations as a treatment on the oxidative stress biomarkers of the poisoned heart cells were studied. Data analysis reveals that taurine and grape seed extract treatment can successfully diminish the poisoning effect by their antioxidant properties. The oxidative markers values of the poisoned cells were recovered by taurine and grape seed extracts treatment. Taurine (2 g/l) can recover Malondialdehyde, Catalase, Protein carbonyl, and Superoxide dismutase by 56%, 78%, 88%, 78%, when the recovering power of grape seed extract (100 g/l) for the aforementioned enzymes are 56%, 0.71%,74%, 51%, respectively. Therefore, it is clear that the performance of taurine in the recovery of the biomarkers' value is better than grape seed extract.


Assuntos
Extrato de Sementes de Uva , Praguicidas , Vitis , Compostos de Alumínio , Antioxidantes , Biomarcadores , Extrato de Sementes de Uva/farmacologia , Humanos , Estresse Oxidativo , Fosfinas , Taurina/farmacologia
3.
Molecules ; 26(19)2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34641623

RESUMO

Grape seed extract (GSE) is a natural source of polyphenolic compounds and secondary metabolites, which have been tested for their possible antimicrobial activities. In the current study, we tested the antibacterial and antifungal activities of aqueous GSE and the biosynthesized silver nanoparticles loaded with GSE (GSE-AgNPs) against different pathogens. The biosynthesized GSE-AgNPs were assessed by UV spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering (DLS), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The antimicrobial activities were assessed against different bacterial and fungal species. DLS analysis showed that GSE-AgNPs had a Z-Average of 91.89 nm while UV spectroscopy showed that GSE-AgNPs had the highest absorbance at a wavelength of ~415 nm. FTIR analysis revealed that both of GSE and GSE-AgNPs consisted of different functional groups, such as hydroxyl, alkenes, alkyne, and aromatic rings. Both FE-SEM and TEM showed that GSE-AgNPs had larger sizes and rough surfaces than GSE and AgNO3. The results showed significant antimicrobial activities of GSE-AgNPs against all tested species, unlike GSE, which had weaker and limited effects. More studies are needed to investigate the other antimicrobial activities of GSE.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Bactérias/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Fungos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Extrato de Sementes de Uva/farmacologia , Prata/química , Antibacterianos/química , Antifúngicos/química , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Difusão Dinâmica da Luz , Fungos/efeitos dos fármacos , Extrato de Sementes de Uva/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Viabilidade Microbiana/efeitos dos fármacos , Estrutura Molecular , Tamanho da Partícula , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
4.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 174: 144-156, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34389464

RESUMO

Ionizing radiation (IR)-induced excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) is an important contributor of the injury of hematopoietic system. Grape seed proanthocyanidin extract (GSPE) is a new type of antioxidant, whereas whether it could ameliorate IR-induced hematopoietic injury remains unclear. Here, we show that GSPE treatment improves the survival of irradiated mice and alleviates IR-induced myelosuppression. Meanwhile, the hematopoietic reconstituting ability of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in mice following irradiation exposure is significantly increased after GSPE treatment. Furthermore, GSPE treatment can reduce IR-induced ROS production and relieve DNA damage and apoptosis in hematopoietic stem progenitor cells (HSPCs). Interestingly, we find that a critical antioxidant-associated gene fokhead box transcription factor O1 (Foxo1) is significantly decreased in HSPCs after irradiation. Consistently, hematopoietic specific deletion of Foxo1 increases the radiosensitivity of mice. Further investigations reveal that GSPE treatment specifically upregulates the expression of Foxo1, as well as its target genes superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1), superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2) and catalase (CAT). Importantly, Foxo1 deficiency largely abolishes the radioprotection of GSPE on HSPCs. Collectively, our data demonstrate that GSPE plays an important role in ameliorating IR-induced HSPC injury via the Foxo1-mediated pathway. Therefore, GSPE may be used as a promising radioprotective agent.


Assuntos
Extrato de Sementes de Uva , Proantocianidinas , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Proteína Forkhead Box O1/genética , Extrato de Sementes de Uva/farmacologia , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Camundongos , Proantocianidinas/farmacologia , Radiação Ionizante
5.
Molecules ; 26(13)2021 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34279398

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to compare the influence of the extraction method, chemical composition, antimicrobial effects, antioxidant activity, and cytotoxicity on human cells of the non-polar extracts of grape (Vitis labrusca) and blackberry (Rubus fruticosus) seeds. The Soxhlet (Sox), Bligh-Dyer (BD), and ultrasound (US) methods were used for extractions. For blackberry non-polar seed extract, extraction via the BD method showed the highest mean values of total phenolic content (TPC), expressed in milligrams of gallic acid equivalent per 100 mL of non-polar seed extracts (102.37 mg GAE/100 mL), and higher antioxidant activity in relation to the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical, expressed in milligrams of gallic acid equivalent per 100 mL of non-polar seed extracts (11.50 mg AAE/100 mL), if compared with the Sox and US extractions. Similar results were obtained for the non-polar grape seed extracts, where BD extraction obtained the highest values for TPC (28.61 mg GAE/100 mL) and DPPH (35.36 mg AAE/100 mL). The type of extraction method had an impact on the composition of fatty acids. Only the non-polar blackberry and grape seed extracts obtained via the Sox method showed some in vitro inhibitory effect against Escherichia coli (IAL 2064) and Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 13565). Regardless of the extraction method used, the non-polar blackberry and grape seed extracts did not decrease the cell viability (IC50 >1000 µg/mL) of cancer and normal cell lines, thus indicating the relative safety of the extracts. All the seed extracts decreased the generation of reactive oxygen species in the cell lines. Blackberry and grape seed lipid fractions can be utilized as antioxidants, and the extraction methods used cause significant changes in relation to their bioactivity and chemical composition.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/química , Antioxidantes/química , Extrato de Sementes de Uva/química , Rubus/química , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Anti-Infecciosos/toxicidade , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/toxicidade , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Flavonoides/análise , Extrato de Sementes de Uva/farmacologia , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos
6.
J Biol Regul Homeost Agents ; 35(2 Suppl. 1): 89-96, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34281305

RESUMO

Grape seed extract (GSE), a naturally producing polyphenolic compound, is found to be a potent hostmodulatory agent and considered for management of periodontal disease. Its anti-bacterial, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory property may aid in achieving periodontal health. To assess the clinical efficacy of GSE in adjunct to scaling and root planing (SRP) in healing of periodontal pockets. The present study was a longitudinal, parallel design, randomized clinical trial. Seventy-two patients (mean age 39.2±8.6 years) with periodontal pockets were randomly divided into two groups; Test group received intra-pocket delivery of GSE with SRP and Control group received SRP alone. The clinical parameters like Plaque Index (PI), Gingival Index (GI), Probing Depth (PD) and Relative Attachment Level (RAL) were recorded at baseline and 3 months. 64 patients completed the study. Test group at the end of 3 months had statistically significant reduced PD (p=0.002) and RAL (p=0.01). No significant difference was observed for PI and GI at the end of 3 months. Intra-pocket application of GSE with SRP could be beneficial in management of periodontal pockets.


Assuntos
Periodontite Crônica , Extrato de Sementes de Uva , Periodontite , Adulto , Índice de Placa Dentária , Raspagem Dentária , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Perda da Inserção Periodontal , Bolsa Periodontal , Periodontite/tratamento farmacológico , Aplainamento Radicular , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Biomolecules ; 11(7)2021 06 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34208895

RESUMO

The aim of this research was phenolics and protein characterization and antioxidant properties evaluation of skimmed thermally treated goat's milk powder enriched with different concentration of grape pomace seed extract (SE). The dominant phenolics in SE were phenolic acids, flavan-3-ols and procyanidins. Different electrophoretic techniques together with UHPLC-MS/MS analysis revealed the presence of phenolics-protein interactions in the samples, mainly procyanidins with whey protein/caseins complexes. Addition of SE into thermally treated goat's milk significantly improved antioxidant properties of goat's milk such as TAC, FRP, DPPH• and ABTS•+ scavenging activity. Gallic acid, catechin, and procyanidins mostly contributed to these activities. The schematic representation of phenolics-casein micelles interactions in thermally treated goat's milk enriched with SE was given. The addition of SE into thermally treated goat's milk can be a promising strategy in food waste recovery and to enhance the beneficial health effects of goat's milk-based functional foods.


Assuntos
Suplementos Nutricionais/análise , Extrato de Sementes de Uva/química , Leite/química , Animais , Caseínas , Flavonoides/análise , Cabras/metabolismo , Hidroxibenzoatos/análise , Extratos Vegetais/química , Pós , Proantocianidinas/análise , Eliminação de Resíduos/métodos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos
8.
Nutrients ; 13(6)2021 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34208508

RESUMO

Obesity and ageing are current issues of global concern. Adaptive homeostasis is compromised in the elderly, who are more likely to suffer age-related health issues, such as obesity, metabolic syndrome, and cardiovascular disease. The current worldwide prevalence of obesity and higher life expectancy call for new strategies for treating metabolic disorders. Grape-seed proanthocyanidin extract (GSPE) is reported to be effective in ameliorating these pathologies, especially in young animal models. In this study, we aimed to test the effectiveness of GSPE in modulating obesity-related pathologies in aged rats fed an obesogenic diet. To do so, 21-month-old rats were fed a high-fat/high-sucrose diet (cafeteria diet) for 11 weeks. Two time points for GSPE administration (500 mg/kg body weight), i.e., a 10-day preventive GSPE treatment prior to cafeteria diet intervention and a simultaneous GSPE treatment with the cafeteria diet, were assayed. Body weight, metabolic parameters, liver steatosis, and systemic inflammation were analysed. GSPE administered simultaneously with the cafeteria diet was effective in reducing body weight, total adiposity, and liver steatosis. However, the preventive treatment was effective in reducing only mesenteric adiposity in these obese, aged rats. Our results confirm that the simultaneous administration of GSPE improves metabolic disruptions caused by the cafeteria diet also in aged rats.


Assuntos
Extrato de Sementes de Uva/uso terapêutico , Obesidade/tratamento farmacológico , Proantocianidinas/uso terapêutico , Adiposidade/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Glicemia/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Fígado Gorduroso/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Glucagon/sangue , Insulina/sangue , Obesidade/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Perda de Peso/efeitos dos fármacos
9.
Nutrients ; 13(5)2021 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34067538

RESUMO

Intervention with fruit extracts may lower glucose and lipid levels, as well as blood pressure. We reviewed the efficacy of bilberry and grape seed extracts to affect these outcomes across populations with varying health status, age and ethnicity, across intervention doses and durations, in 24 intervention studies with bilberry and blackcurrant (n = 4) and grape seed extract (n = 20). Bilberry and blackcurrant extract lowered average levels of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), at least in Chinese subjects, especially in those who were older, who were diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) and who were participating in longer-term studies. We also found good evidence that across studies and in subjects with hypercholesterolemia, T2DM or metabolic syndrome, intervention with bilberry and blackcurrant extract, and to some extent grape seed extract, significantly lowered total and low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels after four weeks. Intervention with grape seed extract may reduce systolic and diastolic blood pressure in subjects with hypertension or metabolic syndrome. Differential responsiveness in cholesterol and blood pressure outcomes between stratified populations could not be explained by age, dose or study duration. In conclusion, bilberry and blackcurrant extract appears effective in lowering HbA1c and total and LDL cholesterol, whereas grape seed extract may lower total and LDL cholesterol, and blood pressure, in specific population groups.


Assuntos
Suplementos Nutricionais , Extrato de Sementes de Uva/farmacologia , Ácidos Linolênicos/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Óleos Vegetais/farmacologia , Vaccinium myrtillus , Adulto , Idoso , Glicemia/efeitos dos fármacos , Pressão Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Colesterol/sangue , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Feminino , Hemoglobina A Glicada/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
10.
Theriogenology ; 172: 160-168, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34174754

RESUMO

Grape seed tannin extract (GPE) from wine grape pomace has many effective anti-oxidative effects and is used as a promising natural feed additive in the animal feed industry. This study investigated the effect of GPE as a source of tannin on the antioxidant capacity and testis development in Hu lambs. Twenty-seven 3-month-old ram lambs were randomly assigned to three groups. For each treatment group, nine lambs were allocated to nine pens (one lamb per pen). The lambs in the control group were fed a control diet without GPE for 61 days from D21 to D80. Group I (TAN1) was fed with 0.36% GPE diet, and Group II (TAN2) was fed with 0.72% GPE diet. After an 81-day feeding trial, all lambs except the heaviest and lightest in each group were humanely slaughtered and investigated. Results showed that feeding GPE did not affect the body weight, average daily gain, dry matter intake, scrotal circumference, and testis index. Meanwhile, feeding with 0.36% GPE diet increased testis weight, testis volume, and epididymis weight (P ≤ 0.05) compared with those of the control, but no difference was found between TAN1 and TAN2 groups. Copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (Cu-ZnSOD), steroid acute regulatory protein (StAR), cholesterol side-chain cleavage enzyme (P450scc), follicle-stimulating hormone receptor (FSHR), elongation of very long chain fatty acid protein 2 (ELOVL2), fatty acid desaturase (FADS2), and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) mRNA in TAN1 and TAN2 groups were significantly up-regulated (P < 0.05). GPE also markedly increased the antioxidant status of testis. Compared with the control group, the treatment groups showed significantly increased superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity (314.23 ± 18.64 U/mg prot in control, 505.22 ± 63.47 U/mg prot in TAN1 and 587.88 ± 55.94 U/mg prot in TAN2, P < 0.05) and total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) (98.23 ± 18.99 U/g prot in control, 202.15 ± 34.19 U/g prot in TAN1 and 189.57 ± 18.95 U/g prot in TAN2, P < 0.05). Consuming 0.72% GPE also changed the fatty acid profiles in testis with increased C15:1, C22:6n3, and total n-3 fatty acids (P < 0.05) but decreased C22:5n3 (P < 0.05). Therefore, feeding lambs with GPE stimulated testis seminiferous tubule development and increased the number of Sertoli cells (10.56 ± 0.44 in control, 14.10 ± 0.57 in TAN1 and 13.60 ± 0.42, P < 0.05), and seminiferous tubule diameter (109.30 ± 4.56 µm in control, 164.49 ± 5.37 µm in TAN1 and 146.56 ± 4.53 µm in TAN2, P < 0.05). These results suggested that feeding GPE in the early reproductive development stage of lambs upregulated the expression of antioxidative, steroidogenesis, and polyunsaturated fatty acid metabolism-related genes, changed the fatty acid profiles, increased the antioxidant capacity in lamb's testis, and contributed to testis development and spermatogenesis.


Assuntos
Extrato de Sementes de Uva , Vitis , Animais , Antioxidantes , Suplementos Nutricionais , Ácidos Graxos , Masculino , Puberdade , Sementes , Ovinos , Taninos , Testículo
11.
Int J Clin Pract ; 75(11): e14469, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34107109

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Grape seed extract (GSE) seems to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties due to its high polyphenolic content. Nevertheless, the scientific literature in this field is controversial and inconclusive. Therefore, we aimed to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled trials to evaluate the effect of supplementation with GSE on biomarkers of oxidative stress and inflammation. METHODS: Medline, Scopus, Cochrane Library, Google Scholar and Web of Science databases were searched up to 10 September 2020 using appropriate keywords without restrictions. In the systematic review phase, all biomarkers of oxidative stress and inflammation were considered as outcomes. In the meta-analysis phase, six biomarkers were selected as outcomes, and weighted mean difference (WMD) or standardised mean difference (SMD) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated for them using a random-effects model. RESULTS: Twenty-three studies were included in the systematic review, and 19 studies were included in the meta-analysis. GSE supplementation caused a significant decrease in malondialdehyde (SMD: -1.04, 95% CI: -1.65, -0.42), oxidised low-density lipoprotein (SMD: -0.44, 95% CI: -0.75, -0.13) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (WMD: -0.48 mg/L, 95% CI: -0.94, -0.03) and a marginally significant increase in total antioxidant capacity (SMD: 0.49, 95% CI: -0.05, 1.04) but did not significantly influence C-reactive protein (WMD: -0.36 mg/L, 95% CI: -1.02, 0.30) and white blood cell count (WMD: 0.12 × 109 /L, 95% CI: -0.25, 0.48). CONCLUSION: It appears that GSE supplementation can remarkably modulate the body's redox system, particularly through the inhibition of lipid peroxidation, but has neutral or mildly beneficial effects on inflammatory responses.


Assuntos
Extrato de Sementes de Uva , Inflamação , Estresse Oxidativo , Antioxidantes , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Suplementos Nutricionais , Extrato de Sementes de Uva/farmacologia , Humanos , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
12.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 19(1): 301-309, 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34057340

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Grape-seed extract (GSE) contains polyphenols that readily adhere to proteins and modify the acquired enamel pellicle (AEP). The first step in biofilm formation is bacterial adhesion to the AEP-covered enamel. The aim of this in vitro study was to test whether AEP modification with GSE, fluoride (F-), or their combination (GSE+F-) modulates bacterial adhesion, biofilm metabolism and composition, or cariogenic demineralisation of the enamel. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study comprised 3 parts: 1) single-strain Streptococcus gordonii species, 2) a five-species biofilm model, or 3) biofilm (re-)formation using the five-species biofilm model after removal of initial biofilm with toothbrushing. Human whole-mouth stimulated saliva was used to form an AEP on human enamel specimens. The AEP was incubated in water (control), or modified with GSE, F-, or GSE+F-. Bacterial adhesion, biofilm diversity, metabolic activity, biofilm mass, and cariogenic demineralisation (surface hardness) of enamel were assessed after incubation in bacterial broths after 4 h or 22 h. Differences between groups were analysed with one-way ANOVA and post-hoc Bonferroni tests. RESULTS: GSE and GSE+F- statistically significantly decreased single-strain S. gordonii adhesion, but had no relevant influence when the five-species biofilm model was used. In the biofilm (re-)formation model, GSE reduced bacterial adhesion compared to GSE+F-, while F- caused less cariogenic demineralisation than was found in the control group. CONCLUSION: AEP modified with GSE retards S. gordonii adhesion, but it does not influence the formation, metabolism and composition of a cariogenic multi-species biofilm.


Assuntos
Extrato de Sementes de Uva , Vitis , Aderência Bacteriana , Biofilmes , Película Dentária , Extrato de Sementes de Uva/farmacologia , Humanos
13.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 7(2): 61-73, maio 2021. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1282737

RESUMO

Introdução:Os sistemas adesivos possibilitama execução de restaurações estéticas e minimamente invasivas, sendo, portanto,objeto de pesquisas para contornar os problemas que se apresentam no procedimento restaurador.Objetivo:Avaliar in vitroa resistência de união de um sistema adesivo autocondicionante, e deste modificado com soluções extrativas de semente de uva.Metodologia:Duas soluções extrativas foram preparadas comextrato de semente de uva em pó dissolvido em acetona e etanol. A partir delas e de umadesivo,seis sistemas adesivos autocondicionantes experimentais foram preparados, diferindo quanto aosolvente utilizado eàsproporções entre adesivo puro e solução extrativa(7,5%, 15% e 30%). Setenta incisivos bovinos hígidos tiveram as raízes removidas com disco de carborundum e as faces vestibulares desgastadas comlixas d'água de granulação 120, 240, 600 e 1200 sob refrigeração até expor a dentina superficial. Os dentes foram distribuídos aleatoriamenteem sete grupos distintos: Controle; A7,5; A15; A30; E7,5; E15; e E30, contendo 10 elementos cada. A aplicação dos adesivos foi executada de acordo com as recomendações do fabricante do adesivo controle. A restauração foi realizada com uma matriz de silicone com dimensões 2mm de altura e 4mm de diâmetro e inserido o material restaurador em incremento único e fotopolimerizado por 40s. Após três meses armazenados em água destilada, os espécimes foram submetidos ao teste de resistência de união. Foi empregado ométodo estatísticoTeste Paramétrico Anova 1 Fator e pós-teste de Tamhane (p<0,05). Resultados:Os grupos A7,5, E7,5 e E30 não apresentaram diferença em relação ao grupo Controle; A15 e A30 mostraram desempenho estatisticamente semelhante entre si; e E15 não apresentou diferença estatística em relação aos outros adesivos.Conclusões:A adição de proantocianidina teve efeitos diferentes,dependendodos solventes e das concentrações utilizadas, mas sem alterar significativamente o desempenho do adesivo (AU).


Introduction:Adhesive systems make it possible to perform aestheticand minimally invasive restorations, being the subject of research to circumvent the problems that arise in the restorative procedure.Objective:Evaluate in vitrothe bond strength of a self-etching adhesive system,and modified with extractive grape seed solutions. Methodology:Two extractive solutions were prepared with powdered grape seed extract dissolved in acetone and ethanol. From them and an adhesive, six experimental self-etching adhesive systems were prepared, differing in terms of the solvent used and the proportions between pure adhesive and extractive solution(7.5%, 15% and 30%). Seventy healthy bovine incisors had their roots removed with carborundum disc and the vestibular faces were worn with sandpaper with granulation water 120, 240, 600 and 1200 under refrigeration until the superficial dentin was exposed. The teeth were randomly assigned to seven different groups: Control; A7.5; A15; A30; E7.5; E15; and E30, containing 10 elements each. The application of the adhesives was carried out according to the recommendations of the manufacturer of the control adhesive. The restoration was performed with a silicone matrix with dimensions 2mm high and 4mm indiameter and the restorative material was inserted in a single increment and light cured for 40s. After three months stored in distilled water, the specimens were submitted to the bond strength test. The statistical method Parametric Test Anova 1 Factor and Tamhane post-test (p<0.05) were used. Results:Groups A7.5, E7.5 and E30 showed no difference in relation to the Control group; A15 and A30 showed a statistically similar performance; and E15 showed no statistical difference in relation to the other adhesives. Conclusions:The addition of proanthocyanidin had different effects, depending on the solvents and concentrations used, but without significantly altering the performance ofthe adhesive (AU).


Introducción: Sistemas adhesivos permiten realizar restauraciones estéticas y mínimamente invasivas, siendo objeto de investigación para sortear problemas que surgen en elprocedimiento restaurador. Objetivo: Evaluar in vitrola fuerza de unión de un sistema adhesivoautograbante y modificado con soluciones extractivas de semilla de uva. Metodología: Se prepararon dos soluciones extractivas con extracto de semilla de uva en polvo disuelto en acetona y etanol. A partir de ellos y de un adhesivo, se prepararon seis sistemas experimentales de adhesivos autograbantes, que se diferencian en cuanto al solvente utilizado y las proporciones entre adhesivo puro y solución extractiva (7,5%, 15% y 30%). Setenta incisivos bovinos sanos fueron removidos con un disco de carborundo y las caras vestibulares fueron usadas com lija de agua de granulación 120, 240, 600 y 1200 bajo refrigeración hasta que la dentina superficial quedo expuesta. Los dientes se asignaron aleatoriamente a siete grupos diferentes: Control; A7,5; A15; A30; E7,5; E15; y E30, que contiene 10 elementos cada uno. La aplicación de los adhesivos se realizó siguiendo las recomendaciones del fabricante del adhesivo de control. La restauración se realizó con matriz de silicona con 2mm de altura y 4mm de diámetro y el material restaurador se insertó en un solo incremento y se fotopolimerizó durante 40s. Tres meses después, almacenados em agua destilada, las muestras se sometieron a la prueba de resistencia de la unión. Se utilizó el método estadístico Prueba Paramétrica Factor Anova 1 y post-prueba de Tamhane (p<0,05). Resultados: Los grupos A7,5, E7,5 y E30 no mostraron diferencias em relación con el grupo Control; A15 y A30 mostraron un desempeño estadísticamente similar; y E15 no mostró diferencia estadística en relación con los otros adhesivos. Conclusiones: La adición de proantocianidina tuvo diferentes efectos, dependiendo de los disolventes y concentraciones utilizadas, pero sin alterar significativamente el rendimiento del adhesivo (AU).


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos , Polimento Dentário/instrumentação , Proantocianidinas , Resistência de Materiais , Resistência à Flexão , Solventes , Técnicas In Vitro/métodos , Brasil , Epidemiologia Experimental , Análise de Variância , Cimentos Dentários/química , Extrato de Sementes de Uva
14.
J Pharm Pharmacol ; 73(3): 366-376, 2021 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33793875

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Reduced male fertility is highly prevalent with hypercholesterolaemia. Though statins are drugs of choice for hypercholesterolaemia, their effect on male fertility is still controversial and dose-dependent. Grape seed extract (GSE) possess hypocholesterolemic and testicular protective effects. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the effects of low-dose atorvastatin (ATV) on male infertility in hypercholesterolaemic rats and assess the additional value of combining ATV with GSE. METHODS: Male rats were randomized into four groups. The normal group was fed a standard diet. The remaining groups were fed a high-fat diet (HFD) for 1 month to induce hypercholesterolaemia. Two HFD groups were administered either ATV (1 mg/kg) alone or combined with GSE (200 mg/kg) orally for 65 days, while the third group served as HFD control. KEY FINDINGS: Treatment with ATV or ATV/GSE attenuated dyslipidemia-induced alteration in serum HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, and total cholesterol. ATV enhanced serum testosterone, sperm count and motility and fertility index. The effect on testosterone and sperm count was more pronounced by ATV/GSE. Moreover, ATV reduced testicular malondialdehyde, nitric oxide, caspase-9 and caspase-3 while elevated reduced glutathione and superoxide dismutase along with catalase activity. Noteworthy, GSE/ATV induced more powerful antioxidant and anti-apoptotic effects. CONCLUSION: GSE enhanced ATV's protective effect against hypercholesterolaemia-induced infertility via antioxidant and anti-apoptotic mechanisms.


Assuntos
Atorvastatina/farmacologia , Extrato de Sementes de Uva/farmacologia , Hipercolesterolemia/complicações , Infertilidade Masculina/prevenção & controle , Animais , Anticolesterolemiantes/administração & dosagem , Anticolesterolemiantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/administração & dosagem , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Atorvastatina/administração & dosagem , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Quimioterapia Combinada , Extrato de Sementes de Uva/administração & dosagem , Hipercolesterolemia/tratamento farmacológico , Infertilidade Masculina/etiologia , Masculino , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos , Testículo/patologia
15.
Nutrients ; 13(4)2021 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33810265

RESUMO

The endocrine pancreas plays a key role in metabolism. Procyanidins (GSPE) targets ß-cells and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1)-producing cells; however, there is no information on the effects of GSPE on glucagon. We performed GSPE preventive treatments administered to Wistar rats before or at the same time as they were fed a cafeteria diet during 12 or 17 weeks. We then measured the pancreatic function and GLP-1 production. We found that glucagonemia remains modified by GSPE pre-treatment several weeks after the treatment has finished. The animals showed a higher GLP-1 response to glucose stimulation, together with a trend towards a higher GLP-1 receptor expression in the pancreas. When the GSPE treatment was administered every second week, the endocrine pancreas behaved differently. We show here that glucagon is a more sensitive parameter than insulin to GSPE treatments, with a secretion that is highly linked to GLP-1 ileal functionality and dependent on the type of treatment.


Assuntos
Glucagon/metabolismo , Extrato de Sementes de Uva/farmacologia , Insulina/metabolismo , Proantocianidinas/farmacologia , Animais , Glucagon/sangue , Peptídeo 1 Semelhante ao Glucagon/genética , Peptídeo 1 Semelhante ao Glucagon/metabolismo , Receptor do Peptídeo Semelhante ao Glucagon 1/metabolismo , Extrato de Sementes de Uva/administração & dosagem , Ilhotas Pancreáticas/metabolismo , Proantocianidinas/administração & dosagem , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
16.
J Dent Res ; 100(11): 1251-1257, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33899587

RESUMO

Current adhesives bond to dentin via a micro-interlocking mechanism within the hybrid layer. Besides such mechanical retention, bonding to dentin would benefit from additional chemical interaction between collagen and resin. This study aims to synthesize a novel light-curable collagen crosslinker methacrylate (MA) functionalized grapeseed extract (GSE) and to assess MAGSE's ability to crosslink dentin collagen in a clinically relevant setting as well as its role in light-cure as a resin. MA functionalization was accomplished by reacting GSE with methacryloyl chloride to obtain MAGSE, which was characterized by 1H-NMR and Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The 6-µm-thick dentin films were microtomed from dentin slabs of third molars. Following demineralization, they were treated for 30 s by 1% MAGSE. Collagen crosslinking and resistance to digestion of MAGSE were evaluated by FTIR, matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF) assay of films, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM)/transmission electron microscopy (TEM) on slabs. Meanwhile, 1% MAGSE or GSE was added to an experimental adhesive formulated with 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate and a tricomponent photoinitiator system. Polymerization kinetics were monitored continuously in real time for 10 min using FTIR-attenuated total reflection. The results indicated that MAGSE could bind to dentin collagen and protect it from collagenase degradation as strong as GSE. Dentin collagen treated by 1% MAGSE for 30 s was scarcely digested (1.6 ± 1.6%) after 1 h in 0.1% collagenase, while untreated collagen was completely digested (100.9 ± 20.2%). SEM/TEM images indicated MAGSE efficiently crosslinked dentin collagen in 30 s and rendered it almost inert to digestion under clinically relevant settings. Unlike GSE that hindered light-curing of HEMA, MAGSE accelerated the rate of polymerization and exhibited typical traits of a resin monomer with multiple polymerizable units. In conclusion, a novel collagen crosslinking resin MAGSE is synthesized, which inherits collagen crosslinking ability from GSE and polymerization function from MA. Inclusion of this light-curable collagen crosslinker into adhesives might be a revolutionary way to improve durability of dentin bonding in composite restorations.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Extrato de Sementes de Uva , Colágeno , Dentina , Adesivos Dentinários , Teste de Materiais , Metacrilatos , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Cimentos de Resina , Resistência à Tração
17.
Molecules ; 26(7)2021 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33917585

RESUMO

Cadmium (Cd) is a heavy metal that occurs in all areas of the environment, including the food chain. In the body, it causes oxidative stress by producing free radicals that are harmful to the cells. Grape seed extract (GSE) contains a wide range of biologically active components that help to neutralize the adverse effects of free radicals. In this study, the effects of GSE prepared form semi-resistant grapevine cultivar Cerason, which is rich in phenolics, on biochemical markers of brown rats exposed to the effects of cadmium were monitored. GSE increased the plasma antioxidant activity and, in the kidneys and the liver, Cd content was significantly lowered by GSE co-administration. Accordingly, the increase in creatinine content and alanine aminotransferase activity and the decrease of catalase and superoxide dismutase activities caused by cadmium were slowed down by GSE co-administration. The results of this work reveal that grape seed extract offers a protective effect against the intake of heavy metals into the organism.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Extrato de Sementes de Uva/farmacologia , Saúde , Rim/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Animais , Antioxidantes/análise , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Cádmio/sangue , Catalase/metabolismo , Creatinina/sangue , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/enzimologia , Metalotioneína/metabolismo , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Ratos Wistar , Sementes/química , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Ureia/sangue
18.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 28(32): 44226-44238, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33851294

RESUMO

This study evaluated the ameliorative potential of grape seed extract (GSE) against Ehrlich solid tumor (EST)-induced hepatic tissue alterations in mice. The control group was infused with physiological saline. The second group received GSE (50 mg/kg day by day orally) for 2 weeks. The third group was subcutaneously injected with 2.5 million of EST cells. The fourth group was injected with EST cells and treated with GSE extract simultaneously. The fifth group was injected with EST cells and kept for 2 weeks until the appearance of a solid tumor, then treated with GSE for 2 weeks. The phytochemical analysis of GSE revealed the presence of total phenols (17.442 mg GAE/g) and total flavonoid (6.687 mg CE/g) with antioxidant activity of 81.506 mg TE/g DPPH. The Ehrlich solid tumor significantly raised the activities of ALT, AST, and ALP; the level of alpha fetoprotein (AFP) in serum; and the protein expressions of hepatic proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and tumor suppressor protein (P53), as well as induced DNA damage and pathological alterations in liver tissue. However, it significantly reduced serum albumin and total protein levels. In contrast, the co- or post-treatment of EST-bearing mice with GSE reduced the activities of ALT, AST, and ALP; the level AFP in serum; and hepatic P53 and PCNA protein expressions. In addition, it reduced EST-induced hepatic DNA damage and pathological alterations, while it increased serum albumin and total protein levels. This study suggested that GSE is a potent hepatoprotective agent and both co- and post-treatment of EST-bearing mice with GSE almost had the same effects.


Assuntos
Dano ao DNA , Extrato de Sementes de Uva , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antioxidantes , Carcinoma de Ehrlich , Extrato de Sementes de Uva/farmacologia , Camundongos , Antígeno Nuclear de Célula em Proliferação , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53
19.
Food Microbiol ; 98: 103784, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33875212

RESUMO

Aichi virus (AiV) is an enteric virus that affects humans and is prevalent in sewage waters. Effective strategies to control its spread need to be explored. This study evaluated grape seed extract (GSE) for: a) antiviral potential towards AiV infectivity at 37 °C and room temperature (RT); b) antiviral behavior in model foods (apple juice (AJ) and 2% fat milk) and also simulated gastric environments; and c) potential application as a wash solution on stainless steel surfaces. GSE at 0.5 mg/mL decreased AiV suspensions containing ~4.75 log PFU/mL to titer levels that were not detected after 30 s at both 37 °C and RT. Infectious AiV titers were not detected after 5 min treatment with 1 mg/mL GSE at 37 °C in AJ. GSE at 2 mg/mL and 4 mg/mL in 2% fat milk decreased AiV after 24 h by 1.18 and 1.57 log PFU/mL (4.75 log PFU/mL to 2.86 and 3.25 log PFU/mL), respectively. As a surface wash, GSE at 1 mg/mL after 30 s decreased AiV to undetectable levels under clean conditions. With organic load (mimicking unclean conditions), 2 and 4 mg/mL GSE reduced AiV after 5 min by 1.13 and 1.71 log PFU/mL, respectively. Overall, GSE seems to be a promising antiviral agent against AiV at low concentrations and short contact times.


Assuntos
Antivirais/farmacologia , Extrato de Sementes de Uva/farmacologia , Kobuvirus/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Bovinos , Contaminação de Equipamentos/prevenção & controle , Contaminação de Equipamentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Contaminação de Alimentos/prevenção & controle , Contaminação de Alimentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Indústria de Processamento de Alimentos/instrumentação , Sucos de Frutas e Vegetais/virologia , Kobuvirus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Leite/virologia , Modelos Biológicos , Aço Inoxidável/análise
20.
Food Chem ; 355: 129500, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33780794

RESUMO

Noodles were prepared using wheat flour supplemented with 1%, 3%, and 5% grape seed power (GSP). The farinograph properties of wheat flour, the textural properties of the dough, and thermal properties of the gluten were determined. The microstructure was analyzed by scanning electron and atomic force microscopy, and the effects of the addition of GSP on the physicochemical and structural properties (free sulfhydryl content, surface hydrophobic region, and secondary structure) of wheat gluten protein were analyzed. 1% GSP promoted the aggregation of gluten proteins by promoting hydrophobic interactions and hydrogen bonding, thus enhanced the noodle quality. Whereas, 3% and 5% GSP addition disrupted the disulfide bonds between gluten protein molecules and formed macromolecular aggregates linked to gluten proteins through non-covalent bonds and hydrophobic interactions, which prevented the formation of the gluten protein reticulation structure. Our study emphasized the interaction between wheat proteins and GSP in noodle making dough.


Assuntos
Fenômenos Químicos , Farinha/análise , Manipulação de Alimentos , Glutens/química , Extrato de Sementes de Uva/química , Triticum/química , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas
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