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1.
Food Chem ; 302: 125327, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31404870

RESUMO

The effect of tomato lycopene-rich extract (TLE) addition on shelf-life of linseed oil was evaluated. Linseed oil was extracted by cold pressing and TLE by supercritical CO2. Linseed oils with and without TLE addition were characterized for moisture, color, refractive index, fatty acid composition and antioxidants. Adding TLE to 80 mg lycopene/kg oil improved linseed oil stability, showing the same induction time at 110 °C (by Rancimat) of control linseed oil with 200 mg/kg butylhydroxytoluene. The increase of free fatty acid, peroxide value, p-anisidine value, K232 and K268 at 40, 50, and 60 °C until 90 days followed first-order kinetics. Rancidity rate augmented with temperature. TLE addition slowed oil degradation without changing the mechanism since the Arrhenius lines were parallel. Mean Ea were respectively 38.2, 24.7, 38.0, 38.2, 41.5 kJ/mol. TLE addition increased linseed oil shelf-life by 31% (Rancimat) and by 42% (stability kinetics during storage).


Assuntos
Armazenamento de Alimentos/métodos , Óleo de Semente do Linho/química , Licopeno/química , Lycopersicon esculentum/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Compostos de Anilina/análise , Antioxidantes/análise , Antioxidantes/química , Hidroxitolueno Butilado/química , Cor , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Hidrólise , Cinética , Oxirredução , Peróxidos/análise
2.
Food Chem ; 302: 125347, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31430631

RESUMO

This work aims to prolong the storage stability of polyphenols, obtained from grape pomace, using a spray drying-based microencapsulation technique. The microcapsules obtained under optimal conditions were stored at two different relative humidities (33% and 52%) during 75 days. The analyses of total phenolic content, antioxidant activity, and individual phenolic compounds were carried out every 15 days, and the most stable microcapsules were achieved with maltodextrin DE4-7 prepared by adding gum Arabic to the wall material at a ratio of 8:2. The phenolic content loss rate was found to be in a range of 0.93-5.42 % depending on phenolic compound. The decrease in the content of rutin, chlorogenic acid, epicatechin, caffeic acid, gallic acid, caftaric acid and catechin was only 0.93, 2.09, 2.13, 2.27, 2.41, 3.40 and 5.42%, respectively. These results indicate more efficient storage conditions than those of previously reported studies.


Assuntos
Cápsulas/química , Armazenamento de Alimentos , Polifenóis/química , Vitis/química , Antioxidantes/análise , Antioxidantes/química , Catequina/análise , Catequina/química , Ácido Clorogênico/análise , Ácido Clorogênico/química , Composição de Medicamentos/métodos , Goma Arábica/química , Umidade , Fenóis/análise , Fenóis/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Polifenóis/análise , Polissacarídeos/química , Rutina/análise , Rutina/química
3.
Food Chem ; 302: 125370, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31442699

RESUMO

Four Arabica coffees (Brazil, Colombia, Ethiopia, and Guatemala) yield highly variant odours, attesting to the complexities of coffee aroma that command advanced analytical tools. In this study, their volatiles were extracted using solvent-assisted flavour evaporation (SAFE) and headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME). Due to matrix complexity, some trace odourants were detected in SAFE extracts by aroma extract dilution analysis (AEDA) but remained difficult to quantify by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). This prompted the application of low energy electron ionisation (EI) coupled with GC-quadrupole time-of-flight (GC-QTOF). Optimal low EI GC-QTOF parameters (EI energy: 15 eV, acquisition rate: 3 Hz) were applied to achieve improved molecular ion signal intensity and reproducibility (relative standard deviation < 10%) across five compounds, which resulted in good linearity (R2 ≥ 0.999) and lowered detection levels (e.g. 0.025 ±â€¯0.005 ng/mL for 4-hydroxy-5-methyl-3(2H)-furanone). Therefore, this method potentially improves the measurement of trace odourants in complex matrices by increasing specificity and sensitivity.


Assuntos
Café/química , Análise de Alimentos/métodos , Odorantes/análise , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise , Adulto , Brasil , Coffea/química , Colômbia , Etiópia , Feminino , Análise de Alimentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Guatemala , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Olfatometria/métodos , Extratos Vegetais/química , Análise de Componente Principal , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Microextração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Paladar , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/isolamento & purificação
4.
Food Chem ; 302: 125366, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31442705

RESUMO

Sambucus nigra is one of the richest sources of anthocyanins and other polyphenols being used industrially as a source of antioxidants, colorants, and bioactives. Although cultivars can influence elderberry composition, no study has addressed the effect of harvesting year on elderberries composition and bioactivity. The composition of the main Portuguese cultivars, "Sabugueiro", "Sabugueira" and "Bastardeira", were evaluated during three consecutive years. Harvesting year had a stronger influence on the chemical composition than cultivars, including total sugars, anthocyanins, and phenolic compounds, being related to the different climatic conditions, especially water status. "Bastardeira" was the best cultivar concerning total soluble solids, anthocyanins, polyphenols, and antioxidant activity, but containing a lower total free sugar content compared to "Sabugueiro". The results obtained in this study provide novel information from a nutritional perspective and for breeding programs aiming to select cultivars with enhanced levels of health-promoting compounds or for other industrial applications of elderberries.


Assuntos
Antocianinas/análise , Frutas/química , Fenóis/análise , Sambucus/química , Agricultura , Antioxidantes/análise , Ácido Oleanólico/análise , Extratos Vegetais/análise , Extratos Vegetais/química , Polifenóis/análise , Portugal , Sambucus nigra/química , Especificidade da Espécie , Triterpenos/análise
5.
Food Chem ; 302: 125373, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31442706

RESUMO

The aim of this work was to investigate and compare the phenolic profile of 15 wild growing blackthorn (Prunus spinosa L.) genotypes from the slopes of Fruska Gora mountain in north Serbia. Their effect in inhibiting i) α-amylase and α-glucosidase activities and ii) colorectal cancer cell line (HT29) growth was also studied. Blackthorn fruit extracts exhibited high phenolic content being enrich in anthocyanins. Principal component analysis was used to correlate the bioactive response with phenolic composition. It was found that derivatives quercetin and anthocyanin peonidin are the major contributors of the inhibition of carbohydrates hydrolyzing enzymes as well as with the antiproliferative effect of blackthorn. Among all samples, the genotype from Beska locality showed the higher capacity in inhibiting alpha-amylase, alpha-glucosidase and HT29 cell growth. Because of high anthocyanin content and higher bioactive response, these genotypes could be recommended for the further cultivation and investigation.


Assuntos
Polifenóis/análise , Prunus/química , Prunus/genética , Antocianinas/análise , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/análise , Ácido Clorogênico/análogos & derivados , Ácido Clorogênico/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Análise de Alimentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Frutas/química , Genótipo , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/química , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/farmacologia , Células HT29 , Humanos , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Polifenóis/farmacologia , Análise de Componente Principal , Quercetina/análise , Ácido Quínico/análogos & derivados , Ácido Quínico/análise , Sérvia , alfa-Amilases/antagonistas & inibidores
6.
Food Chem ; 303: 125407, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31466032

RESUMO

Theaflavin (TF), which is the key pigment in black tea, is a health-promoting food component with beneficial effects on humans. However, the interactions by which these effects are transferred and exerted into protein-rich foods are unclear. Here, egg ovalbumin (OVA) was selected as a representative dietary protein to ascertain their binding mechanism. Steady-state, time-resolved fluorescence and isothermal titration calorimetric results showed that TF can interact well with OVA with an affinity magnitude of 104. The noncovalent binding was mainly driven by hydrophobic interaction and hydrogen bonds. Structural analysis displayed that the TF binding pocket significantly overlapped with one of the surrounding specific IgE-binding epitopes, thereby causing a subtle structural adjustment on the secondary conformation of OVA. The biological complexation model that was delineated here will help understand how black tea dyes egg white in tea egg products and for the development of protein-rich carriers in functional foods.


Assuntos
Biflavonoides/química , Camellia sinensis/química , Catequina/química , Clara de Ovo/química , Ovalbumina/química , Pigmentos Biológicos/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Animais , Galinhas , Humanos , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Cinética , Ligação Proteica , Chá/química
7.
Food Chem ; 303: 125400, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31470275

RESUMO

Siraitia grosvenorii fruit (SGF) has been used as a natural sweetener and traditional medicine in China for more than two centuries. This study evaluated the effect of SGF extract supplementation (0.5%, 1%, and 2%) on the chemical, microbial and sensory properties of probiotic yogurt. The antioxidant, angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitory (ACE-I) and antibacterial bioactivities were determined. SGF extract supplementation improved some of the chemical and physicochemical characteristics. Probiotic yogurt with the fruit extract had significantly more Lactobacillus casei and Lactobacillus bulgaricus, whereas there was no significant effect on the number of Streptococcus thermophiles. The bioactivities were significantly increased by SGF extract supplementation. Probiotic yogurt with 2% SGF extract showed the highest antioxidant, ACE-I, and antibacterial activities, whereas the one with 1% SGF extract conferred the highest sensory attributes score. Overall, SGF extract offers a promising option as a dietary supplement to produce novel dairy products that have high nutritional and bioactivity values.


Assuntos
Cucurbitaceae/química , Aditivos Alimentares/análise , Extratos Vegetais/análise , Probióticos/análise , Iogurte/microbiologia , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/análise , Antioxidantes/análise , China , Frutas/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Lactobacillus casei/genética , Lactobacillus casei/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Lactobacillus casei/isolamento & purificação , Lactobacillus delbrueckii/genética , Lactobacillus delbrueckii/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Lactobacillus delbrueckii/isolamento & purificação , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/química , Paladar , Iogurte/análise
8.
Food Chem ; 302: 125343, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31430630

RESUMO

Pectin was extracted from blueberry powder as water soluble fraction (WSF), rich in branched regions, and chelator soluble fraction (CSF), linear, with strong negative charge. Binding of pectins with three anthocyanin standards (malvidin-3-glucoside; M3G, cyanidin-3-glucoside; C3G, and delphinidin-3-glucoside; D3G) and blueberry extract (BBE) were used. Without blueberry pectin, M3G was the most stable followed by C3G, whereas D3G completely disappeared after gastrointestinal digestion. CSF prevented M3G and C3G degradation more than WSF, the in vitro stability was highest with CSF and C3G. Increased stability of anthocyanins after simulated gastrointestinal digestion suggests that anthocyanins can be transported to colon where gut microbiota actively produce anthocyanin metabolites. The amount of bound anthocyanins that interacted with blueberry pectin increased as the number of hydroxyl groups increased on anthocyanins. Hydrogen bonding in addition to electrostatic interaction contribute to stability of pectin-anthocyanins interaction at pH 4.0 and contribute to stability under gastrointestinal simulation.


Assuntos
Antocianinas/química , Antocianinas/farmacocinética , Mirtilos Azuis (Planta)/química , Pectinas/química , Antocianinas/metabolismo , Digestão , Glucosídeos/química , Glucosídeos/metabolismo , Glucosídeos/farmacocinética , Ligações de Hidrogênio , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Pectinas/metabolismo , Pectinas/farmacocinética , Extratos Vegetais/química , Eletricidade Estática
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31778389

RESUMO

Strongyloidiasis is a human parasitic disease caused by the helminth Strongyloides stercoralis whose treatment is particularly difficult in immunosuppressed patients due to their low responsiveness to conventional therapy. Carica papaya and its isolated compounds benzyl isothiocyanate, carpaine and carpasemine are promising compound for the treatment of Strongyloides infections due to their anthelmintic action. This study aims to examine the in vitro ovicidal and larvicidal activity of C. papaya seed hexane extract against Strongyloides venezuelensis, using egg hatching tests and larval motility tests as efficiency markers. The crude extract at the concentrations of 566 - 0.0566 mg/mL or the control with albendazole (0.025 mg/mL) and negative controls (water and PBS) were incubated with an equal volume of egg suspension (± 50 specimens) followed by counting of the specimens after 48 h. The same extract and dilutions were added to L3 larvae suspensions (±50 specimens) followed by analysis of larvae viability after 24, 48, and 72 h. The extract inhibited egg hatching with high efficiency at concentrations of 56.6 mg/mL (95.74%) and 5.66 mg/mL (92.16%). At the concentrations of 566 mg/mL (100%) and 56.66 mg/mL (97.32%), the extract inhibited larval motility as effectively as ivermectin (0.316 mg/mL; 100%), and more effectively than the other dilutions and the negative controls. The larvicidal effect depended on the extract concentration, but not on the treatment period. Therefore, C. papaya seed hexane extract has anthelmintic potential against S. venezuelensis and is a promising compound for the development of phytotherapies to treat strongyloidiasis.


Assuntos
Carica/química , Larva/efeitos dos fármacos , Óvulo/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Sementes/química , Strongyloides/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Testes de Sensibilidade Parasitária
10.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 201: 111624, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31722283

RESUMO

Biosynthesis of Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnONPs) from natural plants stands as a promising nanodrug delivery system in cancer therapeutics. Marsdenia tenacissima (M.t), a Chinese medicinal plant has been extensively used as clinical remedy for treating several types of cancer. In this present study, ZnONPs were synthesized from Marsdenia tenacissima and its anti cancer potency was assessed against in vitro laryngeal cancer cell line Hep-2. The biosynthesized Marsdenia tenacissima Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles [M.t-ZnONPs] was characterized using UV-visible Spec, SEM, TEM and EDAX analysis. The cytotoxic and apoptotic inducing potential of M.t-ZnONPs was assessed by MTT assay and staining such as DCFH-DA, AO/EtBr, Rhodamine 123, DAPI and comet assay. The anticancer potential of M.t-ZnONPs was analysed by Real time PCR analysis of proapoptotic, antiapoptotic and caspases proteins. Our present findings showed characteristic and morphological representation of synthesized M.t-ZnONPs by UV-visible Spec, SEM, TEM and EDAX analysis. M.t-ZnONPs exhibits its cytotoxicity by inhibiting the viability of Hep-2 cells and IC50 value was obtained by MTT assay. The results of apoptotic staining techniques in M.t-ZnONPs treated Hep-2 cells confirm with excess ROS generation, disruption of mitochondrial membrane potential and nuclear damage. The apoptotic inducing potential of M.t-ZnONPs was also evidenced by upregulation of proapoptotic proteins Bax, Caspase 3 & 9 and downregultion of antiapoptotic protein Bcl-2 by RT-PCR analysis. Finally, these results suggested that biosynthesized M.t-ZnONPs is an effective anticancer agent which induces apoptosis in Hep-2 laryngeal cell line and thus conclude that M.t-ZnONPs, a valid anticancer strategy in treating various cancer.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Marsdenia/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Óxido de Zinco/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Dano ao DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Química Verde , Humanos , Neoplasias Laríngeas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Laríngeas/patologia , Marsdenia/metabolismo , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
11.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 200: 111635, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671372

RESUMO

Parkinson disease is one of the most common neurological movement disorders affecting geriatric population. Biosynthesized gold nanoparticles are the ideal alternatives spotlighted by many researchers to treat various diseases. In the present study we synthesized gold nanoparticles using the root extract of Paeonia mountan, woody trees which are used in traditional Chinese medicine to be prescribed for diverse diseases. The synthesis of gold nanoparticles was confirmed with UV-Vis spectroscopic analysis and characterized using FTIR, HR-TEM, EDAX and XRD analysis. The cytotoxicity property of synthesized gold nanoparticles was assessed using MTT assay in the murine microglial BV2 cells. The neuroprotective effect of synthesized gold nanoparticles in inflammatory agent lipopolysaccharides triggered murine microglial BV2 cells was evaluated using nitric oxide, prostaglandin E2 and inflammatory cytokines assays such as IL-6&IL-1ß. Further to confirm in vivo effect of synthesized nanoparticles, the nanoparticles were treated to Parkinson induced C57BL/6 mice. Behavioral, biochemical and molecular analysis were performed to estimate the potency of synthesized gold nanoparticles against the Parkinson induction in mice model. Our characterization results prove the gold nanoparticles synthesized using Paeonia mountan fulfills the requirement of ideal nanodrug and it potentially inhibited the inflammation in in vitro murine microglial BV2. The results of in vivo experiments authentically confirm gold nanoparticles synthesized using Paeonia mountan alleviates the neuroinflammation and improves the motor coordination in Parkinson induced mice.


Assuntos
Ouro/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/química , Paeonia/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Antioxidantes/química , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Citocinas/metabolismo , Química Verde , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Masculino , Nanopartículas Metálicas/uso terapêutico , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Microglia/citologia , Microglia/efeitos dos fármacos , Microglia/metabolismo , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/uso terapêutico , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Paeonia/metabolismo , Doença de Parkinson/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Parkinson/patologia , Doença de Parkinson/veterinária , Raízes de Plantas/química , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo
12.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 200: 111622, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31678034

RESUMO

Seaweeds are considered to be one of the richest bio-reserves, comprising of numerous bioactive compounds with versatile properties and multiple activities. The present study examined the antibacterial activity of two types of seaweeds, Ulva lactuca (green) and Stoechospermum marginatum (brown) collected from Oman Coastal region against five multidrug-resistant bacteria. The aqueous extracts of the seaweeds showed better antibacterial activity compared to methanol extracts. The results of the antibacterial assay revealed the excellent inhibitory effects of U.lactuca with the maximum activity against E.coli(8 mm) followed by K.pneumonia(4 mm) and S.typhi(2 mm). S.marginatum formed a clear zone of inhibition only against E.coli(3 mm).The major phytochemical constituents identified in both the types of seaweeds were Alkaloids, Terpenoids, Saponins, Flavonoids, and Steroids. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) results confirmed the presence of alcoholic/phenolic groups, and amide groups in the seaweed extracts. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) results evidenced the presence of bioactive compounds such as 5-Octadecenal, 1-Tricosanol, Neophytadiene, Lactaropallidin, Phytol, Fenretinide, Lucenin, Vincadifformine in U.lactuca. Additionally, U.lactuca displayed better antioxidant activity (33.05%) in the DPPH free radical scavenging activity test compared to the S.marginatum (21.51%). Thus, the green seaweed U.lactuca could be considered as a potential source of natural antioxidant and antibacterial agents for food and pharmaceutical products.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/química , Feófitas/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Ulva/química , Antibacterianos/isolamento & purificação , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Bioprospecção , Testes de Sensibilidade a Antimicrobianos por Disco-Difusão , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla/efeitos dos fármacos , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/efeitos dos fármacos , Feófitas/metabolismo , Ulva/metabolismo
13.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 201: 111667, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683167

RESUMO

Titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2-NPs) were synthesized using the aqueous leaf extract of Aloe barbadensis as a reducing and fabricating agent. The biosynthesis of the TiO2-NPs was initially confirmed by UV-vis spectroscopy. Based on the HRTEM and FESEM analysis, the biosynthesized NPs were found to be polydispersed and predominantly spherical in shape, with an average size of ~20 nm. A sharp and strong characteristic peaks of titanium (Ti) and oxygen (O) observed in the EDS pattern confirmed the synthesis of the TiO2-NPs. The FTIR spectroscopy suggested the presence of terpenoids, flavonoids and proteins which might be responsible for the biosynthesis and fabrication of the TiO2-NPs. The crystalline nature of the synthesized TiO2-NPs constituting of a mixture of brookite, anatase, and rutile phases was indicated by the XRD pattern. The spectral window around 180-1000 cm-1 covered the high-frequency Raman spectra of the TiO2-NPs. The Raman vibrational spectrum showed four Eg modes centered at 197.84, 399.24, 514.50, and 641.58 cm-1 representing the anatase phase of TiO2-NPs. The strongest and broadened peak of anatase was observed at the frequency of 641.58 cm-1. The metabolic activity of P. aeruginosa exposed to the MIC of TiO2-NPs was measured based on the reduction of tetrazolium salt by the dehydrogenase enzyme, produced by the metabolically active bacterial cells. The reduction in TTC was evident from the appearance of a red colored formazan in the solution. A noticeable suppression in the cell viability by 30.76 ±â€¯3.96% of P. aeruginosa in the biofilm mode was found in presence of TiO2-NPs. Furthermore, the Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) of TiO2-NPs exhibited profound antibiofilm activity against P. aeruginosa by effectively preventing the adherence of the planktonic cells to the substratum. Thus, these NPs may be employed in controlling bacterial infections associated with biofilm.


Assuntos
Aloe/química , Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/fisiologia , Titânio/química , Aloe/metabolismo , Química Verde , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Tamanho da Partícula , Extratos Vegetais/química , Folhas de Planta/química , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo
14.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 201: 111643, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698218

RESUMO

Diabetes is a major emerging health consequence across the world which directly associated with the obesity. Contemporary anti-diabetic drugs have numeral limitations, and investigation of herbal remedies for diabetes give novel guide for the expansion of new drugs that can be used as harmonizing to present anti-diabetic allopathic medications. Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) of 21 nm have been formerly well portrayed in vitro for their capability to intend active uptake in cell. Our present study was dealing with the synthesis of gold nanoparticles by means of Smilax glabra rhizome amend the anti-obesity constraints in high-fat diet by streptozotocin provoked obese diabetes in rat model. Characterization studies like UV -Spectroscopy, XRD analysis, SEM, TEM microscopy, Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy, and FT-IR investigation confirms the availability of dimension, shape and size. Biochemical parameters like blood glucose and insulin sufferance and its release, lipid profile, aterogenic & coronary index, liver markers, inflammatory markers, hormones like leptin, resistin, adiponectin indicates the therapeutic effect of gold nanoparticles harvested from Smilax glabra on obese and diabetic rats. Histopathological examinations displayed the disturbed internal structures of obese and diabetic rats liver and heart tissues. Whereas, treatment with gold nanoparticles synthesized from Smilax glabra restored the internal membrane, nuclei and cytoplasm. All these findings confirmed the anti-obesity and anti-diabetic effect of synthesized gold nanoparticles from Smilax glabra.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/patologia , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Ouro/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Smilax/química , Animais , Glicemia/análise , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/induzido quimicamente , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Coração/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Nanopartículas Metálicas/uso terapêutico , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Miocárdio/patologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Rizoma/química , Rizoma/metabolismo , Smilax/metabolismo , Estreptozocina/toxicidade
15.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 201: 111639, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698220

RESUMO

Increasing concerns about health safety, social impacts and fair trade have intensified the industrial interest for using natural products in commercial cosmetic formulations. Several studies are currently focusing on plant extracts, but tropical fruits, such as guava, remain yet unexplored and, consequently, underutilized. This research aims to evaluate the potential for using guava-fruit extract as a photoprotective additive agent for sun cream formulations. The phytochemical screening revealed the presence of flavonoids and tannins and the absence of coumarins. Although the Psidium guajava extract showed a low sun protection factor (SPF) value (1.0), it improved in about 134% the photoprotective result (8.1) of 7.5% 2-ethyl-hexyl methoxycinnamate formulation. Therefore, guava-fruit extract supplementation in the formulation shows the potential to reduce the use of synthetic photoprotectors in about 78.9% from the total synthetic organic filters used to achieve the SPF value of 18. Thus, sun cream supplemented with guava-fruit extract show the potential for minimizing the risk of synthetic agent toxicity, and a 65.8% reduction in the cost of the sunscreen production.


Assuntos
Extratos Vegetais/química , Psidium/química , Protetores Solares/química , Raios Ultravioleta , Composição de Medicamentos , Frutas/química , Frutas/metabolismo , Psidium/metabolismo , Espectrofotometria , Fator de Proteção Solar
16.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 200: 111650, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698288

RESUMO

The biosynthesis of ZnO nanoparticles was synthesized by biogenic reduction of applied Cucurbita seed extract. The powder X-ray diffraction pattern displayed the high crystalline nature of synthesized ZnO nanoparticles and the crystallite size was calculated at 35 nm range. The Fourier Transform Infra-Red study revealed the functional groups of biogenic reduction and vibrational bands present in the synthesized nanoparticles. The UV-Visible analysis explained the SPR absorption peak at 371 nm. The Photoluminescence study revealed the strong red shoulder emission peak at 665 nm. The particle size analyzer displayed the particle size occupies majorly on 45-65 nm. The SEM analysis pointed the ZnO nanoparticles under rod, rectangular and hexagonal shapes were procured. The EDAX spectrum also mapping exposed the purity of formed ZnO nanoparticles with just Zn and O peaks. The HRTEM analysis exposed the hexagonal shape wurtzite structure ZnO particles formation. The physiochemical analysis revealed general nature of Cucurbita seed powder moreover which explained the phytochemicals involved in biogenic reduction of ZnO nanoparticles. The formed ZnO nanoparticles exhibited good antibacterial activity on E. coli, Bacillus pumilus, and Salmonella typhi bacteria. The cytotoxicity study stated the good toxicity on E. coli AB 1157. The antifungal activity showed a better effect on Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus niger fungi. The antioxidant activity clarified the good free radical scavenging action. The anti larvicidal activity expressed a better impact on Culex tritaeniorhynchus mosquito larvae.


Assuntos
Cucurbita/química , Culex/efeitos dos fármacos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Extratos Vegetais/química , Óxido de Zinco/química , Animais , Antibacterianos/biossíntese , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antifúngicos/química , Antifúngicos/metabolismo , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Aspergillus niger/efeitos dos fármacos , Cucurbita/metabolismo , Culex/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Química Verde , Larva/efeitos dos fármacos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Tamanho da Partícula , Sementes/química , Sementes/metabolismo
17.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 201: 111657, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706085

RESUMO

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a general neurodegenerative disorder which largely has an effect on the society of the aged populations. PD is distinguishedwith loss of dopaminergic (DA) neurons in the substantia nigra. The exceptional properties of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) have fascinated great attention in biomedical applications. In this present study, we explored theprospective beneficial effects of AuNPs synthesized from Cinnamomum verum on PD. PD rat models were established through MPTP injection treatment and AuNPs was administered. Administration of AuNPs reduces effect of MPTP-induced oxidative stress and motor abnormalities observed in PD rats. In addition ELISA analysis demonstrated that AuNPs treatment significantly attenuates Tumor Necrosis Factor-α (TNF-α), Interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) and Interleukin-6 (IL-6) expression levels. Consequently, we investigated TLR/NF-κB pathway to examine the function of AuNPs on MPTP- induced PD rats. We found that AuNPs suppressed the alterations in the pathway of TLR/NF-κB associated molecules in MPTP stimulated PD rats. Hence, our results suggest that AuNPs attenuates MPTP introduced motor disorders, oxidative stress, activated inflammatory cytokines and activated TLR/NF-κB signaling in PD rats. In conclusion, AuNPs ease PD symptoms by the inhibition of TLR/NF-κB signaling pathway and recommend promise approach in the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases such as PD.


Assuntos
Cinnamomum zeylanicum/química , Ouro/química , Intoxicação por MPTP/tratamento farmacológico , Nanopartículas Metálicas/uso terapêutico , Animais , Cinnamomum zeylanicum/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Química Verde , Intoxicação por MPTP/patologia , Masculino , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Camundongos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/química , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Receptores Toll-Like/metabolismo
18.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 201: 111637, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706086

RESUMO

Plants are considered to be a leading source for possible human therapeutic agents. This holistic study has investigated the anti-quorum sensing (anti-QS), anti-infection, antioxidant and anti-photoaging properties of neglected plant Diplocyclos palmatus. The results showed that D. palmatus methanolic leaf extract (DPME) effectively inhibited the quorum sensing (QS) regulated virulence factor production as well as biofilm formation in Serratia marcescens. The transcriptomic analysis revealed that DPME significantly downed the expression of QS-regulated genes such as fimA, fimC, flhC, bsmB, pigP and shlA in S. marcescens, which supports the outcome of in vitro bioassays. Further, the docking study revealed that the presence of active compounds, namely tocopherols and phytol, DPME exhibited its anti-QS activity against S. marcescens. In addition, DPME treatment extended the lifespan of S. marcescens infected C. elegans by the action of dropping the internal accumulation. Further, qPCR analysis clearly revealed that DPME treatment significantly up-regulated the expression of the lifespan-related gene (daf-16) and immune-related genes (clec-60, clec-87, lys-7 and bec-1) in S. marcescens infected C.elegans. On the other hand, DPME extensively reduced the UV-A induced ROS stress, thereby, extended the lifespan in UV-A photoaged C. elegans. Further, the qPCR analysis also confirmed the up-regulation of daf-16, clec-60, clec-87 and col-19 genes which advocated the improvement of the lifespan, healthspan and collagen production in UV-A photoaged C. elegans. Further bioassays evidenced that that the lifespan extension of photoaged C. elegans was accomplished by the actions of antioxidants such as tocopherols and phytol in DPME.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/efeitos dos fármacos , Caenorhabditis elegans/efeitos da radiação , Cucurbitaceae/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Percepção de Quorum/efeitos dos fármacos , Serratia marcescens/fisiologia , Raios Ultravioleta , Envelhecimento/efeitos da radiação , Animais , Antioxidantes/química , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Caenorhabditis elegans/efeitos dos fármacos , Caenorhabditis elegans/fisiologia , Colágeno/metabolismo , Cucurbitaceae/metabolismo , Longevidade/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/química , Folhas de Planta/química , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Infecções por Serratia/patologia , Infecções por Serratia/veterinária , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos
19.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 201: 111670, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706087

RESUMO

Synthesis of nanoparticles using plant sources as reducing agent has become important, as physical and chemical methods are costlier and affects environment. Hence it is important to develop environment friendly nanoparticle synthesis by avoiding the use of toxic chemicals. The present study aimed to synthesize silver nanoparticles (Ag Nps) and gold nanoparticles (AuNps) using Musa acuminata colla flower and its pharmaceutical activity against extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) gene producing bacteria and anticancer efficacy. The synthesized Ag and Au NPs were analysed by means of UV-Vis, FTIR, XRD,SEM and EDAX evidenced the bioreduction of Ag+ ions to Ag0 and Au3+ ions to Au0 respectively. Both nanoparticles and flower extracts were studied for antibacterial activity of ESBL gene producing bacteria by disc diffusion and microdilution (Resazurin) method. In vitro anticancer efficacy (MCF-7) and toxicity (VERO) of AgNPs, AuNPs, aqueous extract and ethanol extract of flowers were performed by MTT assay. IC50 value for DPPH analysis was at 390 µg and 460 µg for ethanol and aqueous extract respectively. Total antioxidant content was found be 740 µg/mg and 460 µg/mg for ethanol and aqueous extract. GCMS analysis authenticated the existence of the compounds namely, 9,12-octadecadienoic acid(z,z)- and n-hexadecanoic acid in the crude extract of the samples. Among the samples, AgNPs had best antibacterial activity. AgNPs and AuNPs were confirmed by colour change to reddish brown and ruby red. Further ƛmax were obtained at 474 and 540 nm by UV - visible spectrum. SEM analysis revealed the particle size ranges from 12.6 to 15.7 nm for silver and 10.1 to 15.6 nm for gold nanoparticles. The EDAX spectrum shows a strong signal for elemental Ag and Au at ~ 3 keV and 1.5 keV. The XRD patterns for silver and gold nanoparticles at 36.701, 42.900, 63.281 and 76.398 corresponding to the lattice planes 2.4467, 2.1064, 1.46839, 1.24564 nm and 27.32, 36.7228, 39.56, 42.888, 63.253, 63.253, 65.02 and 76.383 corresponding to the lattice planes 3.262, 2.44530, 2.276, 2.1070, 1.46897, 1.4332 and 1.24585 nm. The IC50 values for MCF-7 and VERO cells were 30.0 µg/ml and 55.0 µg/ml respectively.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/química , Antineoplásicos/química , Ouro/química , Musa/química , Prata/química , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cercopithecus aethiops , Flores/química , Flores/metabolismo , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/efeitos dos fármacos , Química Verde , Humanos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Musa/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/química , Células Vero
20.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 201: 111649, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31710925

RESUMO

In the present systematic study, silver nanoparticles have been synthesized using the fruits of Alpinia nigra. Apart from the presence of saponins, glycosides, alkaloids, steroids, the extract of A. nigra fruits are rich in polyphenols. The Total Flavonoid and Phenol Content of A. nigra fruits extract is 718 mgRE/g extract and 74.9 mgGAE/g extract respectively. The formation of the nanoparticles was validated through characterization techniques like UV-Vis spectroscopy, X- ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX). The spherical shape of silver nanoparticles is observed in Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) images. The average particle size of the silver nanoparticles is 6 nm. The biomolecules of the fruit extract played the dual role of reducing and capping agents which is evident from Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectrometer and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) image analysis. The A. nigra capped silver nanoparticles exhibited promising antimicrobial activity against gram negative bacteria Klebsiella pneumoniae, gram positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus and the pathogenic fungus, Candida albicans. Amongst the three pathogens, Klebsiella pneumoniae is the most susceptible to silver nanoparticles. Furthermore, the nanoparticles efficiently catalysed the degradation of the anthropogenic dyes Methyl orange, Rhodamine B and Orange G in the presence of sunlight. The photocatalytic degradation process follows the pseudo-first order kinetics. These results confirm that the silver nanoparticles can be efficiently synthesized via a green route using A. nigra fruits with applications as antimicrobial and catalytic agents.


Assuntos
Alpinia/química , Anti-Infecciosos/síntese química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Prata/química , Alpinia/metabolismo , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Compostos Azo/química , Catálise , Corantes/química , Frutas/química , Frutas/metabolismo , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/efeitos dos fármacos , Química Verde , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Tamanho da Partícula , Extratos Vegetais/química , Luz Solar
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