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1.
J Sci Food Agric ; 100(2): 825-835, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31646642

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Seaweeds are defined as novel elicitors in many crops, allowing the synthesis of secondary metabolites to be triggered in different plant tissues. Currently, the phenolic composition of Tempranillo Blanco grapes and wines is unreported. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of an Ascophyllum nodosum seaweed extract applied to Tempranillo Blanco grapevines, at low (Ld) and high (Hd) dosages, on grape and wine phenolic compounds during two consecutive seasons (2017-2018). RESULTS: The results obtained showed that catechin was the most abundant phenolic compound in Tempranillo Blanco grapes and wines. Season affected the weight of 100 berries and some enological parameters. Catechin and flavonols concentrations in grapes were increased after Hd application to grapevines, independently of season. The concentration of hydroxycinnamic and hydroxybenzoic acids in wines was affected by vintage, probably as a result of oxidation reactions, as well as pinking phenomena, whereas the stilbenes content in wines was conditioned by the affect of cryptogamic diseases in grapes. CONCLUSION: Seaweeds might act as an elicitor of several phenolic compounds in grapes, enhancing the content of some phenolic compounds in wines. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Feófitas/química , Fenóis/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Alga Marinha/química , Vitis/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Fertilizantes/análise , Flavonóis/análise , Flavonóis/metabolismo , Frutas/química , Frutas/efeitos dos fármacos , Frutas/metabolismo , Fenóis/metabolismo , Folhas de Planta/efeitos dos fármacos , Folhas de Planta/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Estilbenos/análise , Estilbenos/metabolismo , Vitis/efeitos dos fármacos , Vitis/metabolismo , Vinho/análise
2.
Food Chem ; 307: 125524, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31639581

RESUMO

Methylcellulose (MC) polymer was used to prepare the edible films. Then, the Rheum ribes L. ethanol extract (RE) was added to the films in order to act as a natural antimicrobial agent. All the methylcellulose films were characterized for bioactivity and the physicochemical analysis were carried out to define functional group interactions between the polymer and RE. The strongest antimicrobial effect was obtained with MC films enriched with 2% (w/w) RE against to Listeria monocytogenes with 20.3 ±â€¯2.5 mm zone diameter. In the presence of RE, the tensile strength of film decreased, whereas the extract concentration significantly increased. The elongation at break and the water vapor permeability (WVP) values of the films were found to have decreased significantly in parallel with the increase in RE content. Moreover, the increase in the concentration of RE caused an increment in the hydrophilic properties, especially contact angle values of the films.


Assuntos
Metilcelulose/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Rheum/química , Antioxidantes/química , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Listeria monocytogenes/efeitos dos fármacos , Permeabilidade , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Rheum/metabolismo , Resistência à Tração , Água/química
3.
Food Chem ; 307: 125515, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31648177

RESUMO

This study evaluated the polyphenol profile and the antioxidative properties of Plinia trunciflora (O. Berg) Kausel fruits. Folin-Ciocalteau and pH-jumping methods indicated that these berries are a major source of antioxidant polyphenols (1201.05 mg GAE/100 g FW), particularly anthocyanins. HPLC-DAD-ESI-MS/MS analysis identified cyanidine glycosides as the main components. Flavon-3-ols and hydrolysable-tannins were also found. CAA assay showed that extracts of P. trunciflora fruits prevent lipid peroxidation in HepG2 cells with higher efficacy than other colourful fruits (CAA50 935.25 mg FW/mL cell medium). Moreover, our results suggested that the observed antioxidant protection involve both redox active properties of P. trunciflora components, as measured by ABTS, DPPH and FRAP assays, and upregulation of the genes coding for the antioxidant enzymes MnSOD and GPx, as evaluated by qRT-PCR. Collectively, our data provided evidence on the potential of P. trunciflora fruit as a very rich source of natural antioxidant molecules.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Suplementos Nutricionais/análise , Myrtaceae/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Frutas/química , Frutas/metabolismo , Glutationa Peroxidase/genética , Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Myrtaceae/metabolismo , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Polifenóis/análise , Superóxido Dismutase/genética , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos
4.
Food Chem ; 305: 125506, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31606690

RESUMO

Grapes are known to contain high quantity of polyphenolic compounds, including caffeic, coumaric and ferulic acids esterified with tartaric acid, to yield caftaric, coutaric and fertaric acids, respectively. These acids are more abundant in unripe grapes, which can be processed into verjuice, a product that shows intrinsic resistance against microbial growth and significant antioxidant activity. In the present work, the isolation of hydroxycinnamoyl tartaric acids from unripe grape juice by chromatographic techniques was described. Moreover, the capability of caftaric acid to inhibit tyrosinase activity was evaluated by spectrophotometric assays. According to the kinetics parameters calculated, caftaric acid was shown to be a competitive inhibitor of tyrosinase, more potent than the related caffeic and chlorogenic acids, suggesting that it can be used in cosmetic and food industries for the development of natural skin whitening formulations and as an agent able to counteract the enzymatic browning of food.


Assuntos
Sucos de Frutas e Vegetais/análise , Monofenol Mono-Oxigenase/antagonistas & inibidores , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Espectrofotometria , Vitis/química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/isolamento & purificação , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia
5.
Food Chem ; 308: 125633, 2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31644968

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to evaluate the in vitro antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of different bran extracts and concentrations, and their influence on the parameters of a mayonnaise-type emulsion. To that end, first ethanol and then water were used to extract two rice bran extracts (RBE) from rice bran. Both these extracts were then added at two different concentrations (0.5 and 2%) to the emulsions that were subsequently analysed after seven days under two different storage temperatures, 4 °C and 20 °C. The antioxidant and antimicrobial ability of the extracts were evaluated, along with a control and a synthetic antioxidant. Results indicate the positive effect of rice bran extracts as additives in the food matrix. Ethanolic rice bran extract (EE) at 2% decreased the oxidation as well as mould and yeast proliferation and preserved the emulsion structure, while the other treatments acted in a similar way although their effect was less pronounced.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Oryza/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/química , Antioxidantes/química , Condimentos , Emulsões , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Listeria/efeitos dos fármacos , Oxirredução , Extratos Vegetais/química
6.
J Sci Food Agric ; 100(2): 672-681, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31583701

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hibiscus sabdariffa is commonly used in daily life and its extract is applied widely in food and cosmetics. However, it has not been evaluated for its anti-aging effects. RESULTS: Hibiscus sabdariffa calyx aqueous extract (HSCAE) has shown potential collagenase activity suppression effects, together with tyrosinase activity inhibition, and anti-oxidation as a free radical scavenger. The current investigation demonstrated that HSCAE was not cytotoxic in skin fibroblasts, and it significantly decreased ultraviolet B (UVB)-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) on a flow cytometry assay. Moreover, HSCAE reduced matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) expression, increased tissue inhibition of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1 level, and enhanced collagen content by inhibiting collagenase activity. It also blocked mRNA and protein expressions of melanin production pathway key factors, including the microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF), tyrosinase, tyrosinase-related protein-1 (TRP-1), and dopachrome tautomerase-2 (TRP-2). CONCLUSION: These results demonstrated, for the first time, the potential of HSCAE as a natural antioxidant with the ability to maintain collagen production and to decrease melanin syntheses under UVB radiation, for anti-aging effects. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Depuradores de Radicais Livres/farmacologia , Hibiscus/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Envelhecimento da Pele/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/efeitos da radiação , Humanos , Oxirredutases Intramoleculares/genética , Oxirredutases Intramoleculares/metabolismo , Camundongos , Monofenol Mono-Oxigenase/genética , Monofenol Mono-Oxigenase/metabolismo , Oxirredutases/genética , Oxirredutases/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Envelhecimento da Pele/efeitos da radiação , Raios Ultravioleta/efeitos adversos
7.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(22): 4864-4873, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872594

RESUMO

Fifteen limonoids were isolated from 95% ethanol extracts of the dry seeds of neem( Azadirachta indica) by various column chromatography techniques including silica gel,Pharmadex LH-20 gel and ODS resin. Based on spectroscopic analysis,their structures were determined as nimbocinol( 1),17ß-hydroxynimbocinol( 2),1α,3α,7α-triacetylvilasinin( 3),7α-benzoyltrichilinin( 4),1,3-diacetyl-7-tigloyl-12-hydroxyvilasinin( 5),3-deacetylsalannin( 6),1-O-acetyl-1-detigloylsalannin( 7),2'( R),3'-dihydrosalannin( 8),2'( S),3'-dihydrosalannin( 9),2,3-dihydronimbolide( 10),6-homodesacetylnimbin( 11),gedunin( 12),7-deacetyl-7-epi-dihydrogedunin( 13),7-deacetoxy-7α-hydroxygedunin( 14) and nimbinene( 15). Compound 7 is a new natural product. 4,8,9,13 and 14 are isolated from the genus Azadirachta for the first time. Compound 2 showed inhibitory activity against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus epidermidis,with MIC values of 32 and 128 mg·L~(-1),respectively. Compound 10 showed moderate inhibitory activity against S. epidermidis with a MIC value of 64 mg·L~(-1). Compound 11 inhibited the growth of E. coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa,both with MIC values of 128 mg·L~(-1). Compound 15 exhibited inhibitory activity against P. aeruginosa,with a MIC value of128 mg·L~(-1).


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Azadirachta , Limoninas , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Escherichia coli , Sementes
8.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(22): 4896-4904, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872598

RESUMO

Previous studies of Dendrobium officinale on anti-hypertension effect always focused only on the blood pressure,while polysaccharides of D. officinale( DOP) have been traditionally considered as one of the main effective substances. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of ethanol extract from D. officinale( DOE) on blood pressure,Glu and lipid profile in metabolic hypertensive rats induced by comprehensive dietary factors,and elucidate the composition of effective fractions from DOE. A metabolic hypertension model of rat induced by high-sugar,high-fat diet and alcohol drinking was adopted to evaluate the effect of DOE on hypertension and other metabolic disorders. Blood pressure,Glu and lipid profile were detected to find the features and differences of DOE and DOP on metabolic hypertension. Furthermore,DOE was separated with three different common solvents according to the polarity. Along with blood pressure,Glu,UA and lipid profile,hemorheology,oxidative index and aortas structure changes were adopted to evaluate the comprehensive effects of the most effective fractions on metabolic hypertension. Finally,HPLC-DAD-MS was adopted to identify the components of the most effective fraction. The SBP and Glu of models were decreased significantly after administration of DOE and DOP for 6 weeks,while TG in DOE groups also reduced dramatically. The DOE was separated with ether,n-butanol respectively and named NAF,NBF and NCF. SBP,TG,Glu,UA of model rats were decreased significantly after 4 weeks administration with NBF. The level of MDA in serum was down-regulated,while GSH-Px and T-AOC were up-regulated obviously after 12 weeks.And the blood viscosity also obviously decreased,with less collagen deposition of aortas by Masson's trichrome staining. NBF was mainly composed of phenols and flavone C-glycosides,whose aglycone was apigenin,and monosaccharide was connected to C-6 and C-8. Ethanol extract from D.officinale has an positive effect in alleviating hypertension and metabolic disorders in metabolic hypertension. Medium polarity fraction was the effective fraction of alcohol extraction from D. officinale,and mainly composed of phenols and flavone C-glycosides.


Assuntos
Dendrobium , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Animais , Pressão Sanguínea , Etanol , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Ratos
9.
Pol J Microbiol ; 68(4): 429-438, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31880887

RESUMO

Penaeus monodon is highly susceptible to vibriosis disease. Aims of the study were to identify the pathogen causing vibriosis in P. monodon through molecular techniques and develop a biocontrol method of the disease by application of herbal extracts. Shrimp samples were collected aseptically from the infected farm and the bacteria were isolated from the infected region of those samples. Based on phenotypic identification, several isolates were identified as Vibrio sp. 16S rRNA gene sequences of the selected isolates exhibited 100% homology with V. alginolyticus strain ATCC 17749. An in vivo infection challenge test was performed by immersion method with V. alginolyticus where these isolates caused high mortality in juvenile shrimp with prominent symptoms of hepatopancreatic necrosis. Antibiogram profile of the isolates was determined against eleven commercial antibiotic discs whereas the isolates were found resistant to multiple antibiotics. A total of twenty-one herbal extracts were screened where Emblica officinalis, Allium sativum, and Syzygium aromaticum strongly inhibited the growth of V. alginolyticus in in vitro conditions. In in vivo conditions, the ethyl acetate extracts of E. officinalis and A. sativum successfully controlled the vibriosis disease in shrimp at a dose of 10 mg/g feed. This is the first report on molecular identification and biocontrol of V. alginolyticus in shrimp in Bangladesh.Penaeus monodon is highly susceptible to vibriosis disease. Aims of the study were to identify the pathogen causing vibriosis in P. monodon through molecular techniques and develop a biocontrol method of the disease by application of herbal extracts. Shrimp samples were collected aseptically from the infected farm and the bacteria were isolated from the infected region of those samples. Based on phenotypic identification, several isolates were identified as Vibrio sp. 16S rRNA gene sequences of the selected isolates exhibited 100% homology with V. alginolyticus strain ATCC 17749. An in vivo infection challenge test was performed by immersion method with V. alginolyticus where these isolates caused high mortality in juvenile shrimp with prominent symptoms of hepatopancreatic necrosis. Antibiogram profile of the isolates was determined against eleven commercial antibiotic discs whereas the isolates were found resistant to multiple antibiotics. A total of twenty-one herbal extracts were screened where Emblica officinalis, Allium sativum, and Syzygium aromaticum strongly inhibited the growth of V. alginolyticus in in vitro conditions. In in vivo conditions, the ethyl acetate extracts of E. officinalis and A. sativum successfully controlled the vibriosis disease in shrimp at a dose of 10 mg/g feed. This is the first report on molecular identification and biocontrol of V. alginolyticus in shrimp in Bangladesh.


Assuntos
Conservantes de Alimentos/farmacologia , Penaeidae/microbiologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Plantas Medicinais/química , Frutos do Mar/microbiologia , Vibrio alginolyticus/efeitos dos fármacos , Vibrio alginolyticus/genética , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Conservação de Alimentos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Penaeidae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Vibrio alginolyticus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Vibrio alginolyticus/isolamento & purificação
10.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 201: 111637, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706086

RESUMO

Plants are considered to be a leading source for possible human therapeutic agents. This holistic study has investigated the anti-quorum sensing (anti-QS), anti-infection, antioxidant and anti-photoaging properties of neglected plant Diplocyclos palmatus. The results showed that D. palmatus methanolic leaf extract (DPME) effectively inhibited the quorum sensing (QS) regulated virulence factor production as well as biofilm formation in Serratia marcescens. The transcriptomic analysis revealed that DPME significantly downed the expression of QS-regulated genes such as fimA, fimC, flhC, bsmB, pigP and shlA in S. marcescens, which supports the outcome of in vitro bioassays. Further, the docking study revealed that the presence of active compounds, namely tocopherols and phytol, DPME exhibited its anti-QS activity against S. marcescens. In addition, DPME treatment extended the lifespan of S. marcescens infected C. elegans by the action of dropping the internal accumulation. Further, qPCR analysis clearly revealed that DPME treatment significantly up-regulated the expression of the lifespan-related gene (daf-16) and immune-related genes (clec-60, clec-87, lys-7 and bec-1) in S. marcescens infected C.elegans. On the other hand, DPME extensively reduced the UV-A induced ROS stress, thereby, extended the lifespan in UV-A photoaged C. elegans. Further, the qPCR analysis also confirmed the up-regulation of daf-16, clec-60, clec-87 and col-19 genes which advocated the improvement of the lifespan, healthspan and collagen production in UV-A photoaged C. elegans. Further bioassays evidenced that that the lifespan extension of photoaged C. elegans was accomplished by the actions of antioxidants such as tocopherols and phytol in DPME.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/efeitos dos fármacos , Caenorhabditis elegans/efeitos da radiação , Cucurbitaceae/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Percepção de Quorum/efeitos dos fármacos , Serratia marcescens/fisiologia , Raios Ultravioleta , Envelhecimento/efeitos da radiação , Animais , Antioxidantes/química , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Caenorhabditis elegans/efeitos dos fármacos , Caenorhabditis elegans/fisiologia , Colágeno/metabolismo , Cucurbitaceae/metabolismo , Longevidade/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/química , Folhas de Planta/química , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Infecções por Serratia/patologia , Infecções por Serratia/veterinária , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos
11.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 35(4): 351-354, 2019 Jul 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701721

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the preventive and therapeutic effects of safflower water extract on systemic scleroderma (SSc) in mice and its mechanism. METHODS: Sixty BALB/C mice were randomly divided into the control group, model group, prednisone group and safflower low, middle, high dose groups, 10 mice in each group.The control group was injected with normal saline, and the other five groups were subcutaneously injected with bleomycin hydrochloride with 100 µl at the concentration of 200 µg /ml on the back, once a day for 28 days to establish the SSc models.At the same time, the control group and model group were treated with normal saline (10 ml/kg), the prednisone group was treated with prednisone 4.5 mg/kg (10 ml/kg), and the low, middle, and high dose safflower groups were treated with safflower at the doses of 1.5, 3, 6 g/kg (10 ml/kg), and all groups were treated for 28 days.After 28 days, all mice were decapitated. The blood samples and back skin of the BLM injection part were collected.After that, all the tissue slices were taken to measure the dermal thickness, and the content of hydroxyproline (HYP) in the skin tissues was detected by hydrolysis method.The contents of tissue growth factor (CTGF) and transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß ) in the skin tissues and the levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-17 (IL-17) in serum were determined by ELISA. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the dermal thickness of the model group was increased(P<0.05), the contents of CTGF, TGF-ß and HYP in the skin tissues and the levels of IL-6 and IL-17 in the serum of the model group were increased(P<0.05); compared with the model group, the dermal thickness in the prednisone group and safflower groups was decreased (P<0.05), the levels of CTGF, TGF-ß and HYP in the skin tissues and the serum levels of IL-6 and IL-17 in the prednisone group and safflower groups were decreased (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Safflower water extract can improve skin condition (or dermal thickness) in SSc mice, and its mechanism may be related to reducing immune inflammatory response.


Assuntos
Carthamus tinctorius/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Bleomicina , Fator de Crescimento do Tecido Conjuntivo/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Hidroxiprolina/análise , Interleucina-17/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Distribuição Aleatória , Pele/patologia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo
12.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 91(4): e20180975, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31721920

RESUMO

This study investigated the ability of formulation containing Zingiber officinale (ginger) to reverse health changes promoted by unhealthy diet in Wistar rats. Five compounds from the gingerol family and three from the shogaol family were identified in the chromatographic analyzes of the extract. The animals were fed a combination of unhealthy foods, the cafeteria diet, which promoted increases in body weight, hepatocyte nucleus area, total hepatocyte area and liver fat accumulation, as well as reduced hepatic glutathione S-transferase concentration, compared to the control group, which received commercial chow. The treatment with ginger improved all these results, highlighting the reduction of 10% of body weight and 66% of the total area of lipid droplets deposited, compared to the group that received the cafeteria diet. Ginger treatments also attenuated lipid peroxidation, with a mean reduction of 41% in malondialdehyde levels and a mean increase of 222% in glutathione S-transferase activity in the liver. The cafeteria diet and ginger extract did not promote significant changes in glycemic and lipid profile, liver weight and liver enzymes compared to the control group. We suggest that ginger can have beneficial effects on health complications associated with unhealthy diet, such as excessive adiposity, oxidative stress and hepatic injury.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Gengibre/química , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Ganho de Peso/etnologia , Animais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/lesões , Masculino , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31778389

RESUMO

Strongyloidiasis is a human parasitic disease caused by the helminth Strongyloides stercoralis whose treatment is particularly difficult in immunosuppressed patients due to their low responsiveness to conventional therapy. Carica papaya and its isolated compounds benzyl isothiocyanate, carpaine and carpasemine are promising compound for the treatment of Strongyloides infections due to their anthelmintic action. This study aims to examine the in vitro ovicidal and larvicidal activity of C. papaya seed hexane extract against Strongyloides venezuelensis, using egg hatching tests and larval motility tests as efficiency markers. The crude extract at the concentrations of 566 - 0.0566 mg/mL or the control with albendazole (0.025 mg/mL) and negative controls (water and PBS) were incubated with an equal volume of egg suspension (± 50 specimens) followed by counting of the specimens after 48 h. The same extract and dilutions were added to L3 larvae suspensions (±50 specimens) followed by analysis of larvae viability after 24, 48, and 72 h. The extract inhibited egg hatching with high efficiency at concentrations of 56.6 mg/mL (95.74%) and 5.66 mg/mL (92.16%). At the concentrations of 566 mg/mL (100%) and 56.66 mg/mL (97.32%), the extract inhibited larval motility as effectively as ivermectin (0.316 mg/mL; 100%), and more effectively than the other dilutions and the negative controls. The larvicidal effect depended on the extract concentration, but not on the treatment period. Therefore, C. papaya seed hexane extract has anthelmintic potential against S. venezuelensis and is a promising compound for the development of phytotherapies to treat strongyloidiasis.


Assuntos
Carica/química , Larva/efeitos dos fármacos , Óvulo/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Sementes/química , Strongyloides/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Testes de Sensibilidade Parasitária
14.
J Environ Pathol Toxicol Oncol ; 38(2): 185-194, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31679281

RESUMO

In our current study, we synthesized silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) from an aqueous seed extract of Nigella sativa. The seed extract contains phytochemical compounds including phenols, terpenoids, and flavonoids that may act as reducing agents and are able to convert metal ions to metal nanoparticles. The formation of synthesized AgNPs was characterized using UV-visible spectroscopy, Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FT-IR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive analysis of X-rays (EDX). The efficacy of N-AgNPs against human breast cancer (MCF-7) cells was tested. The synthesized AgNPs displayed dose-dependent cytotoxicity (1-200 µg/mL) against MCF-7 cells. Morphological alterations of the cells also appeared as bright field images. Treatment of synthesized AgNPs altered the expression of Bax and Bcl-2 (apoptotic proteins) and COX-2 (inflammatory marker) in MCF-7 cells. To our knowledge, this is the first report demonstrating that N-AgNPs from Nigella sativa can induce apoptosis in MCF-7 cells.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Nigella sativa/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Prata/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Extratos Vegetais/química , Sementes/química
15.
J Environ Pathol Toxicol Oncol ; 38(3): 205-216, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31679308

RESUMO

Artemisia vulgaris is a traditional Chinese herb believed to have a wide range of healing properties; it is traditionally used to treat numerous health ailments. The plant is commonly called mugwort or riverside wormwood. The plant is edible, and in addition to its medicinal properties, it is also used as a culinary herb in Asian cooking in the form of a vegetable or in soup. The plant has garnered the attention of researchers in the past few decades, and several research studies have investigated its biological effects, including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, hypolipidemic, and antimicrobial properties. In this review, various studies on these biological effects are discussed along with the tests conducted, compounds involved, and proposed mechanisms of action. This review will be of interest to the researchers working in the field of herbal medicine, pharmacology, medical sciences, and immunology.


Assuntos
Artemisia/química , Fitoterapia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Hipolipemiantes/farmacologia , Plantas Medicinais/química
16.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(41): 11428-11435, 2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31589037

RESUMO

Diosgenin and diosgenyl saponins as the major bioactive compounds isolated from dietary fenugreek seeds, yam roots, etc. possessed strong antitumor effects. To understand their detailed antitumor mechanisms, a fluorophore-appended derivative of diosgenin [Glc/CNHphth-diosgenin (GND)] was synthesized, starting from diosgenin and glucosamine hydrochloride in overall yields of 7-12% over 7-10 steps. Co-localization of GND with organelle-specific stains, transmission electron microscopy, and relative protein analyses demonstrated that GND crossed the plasma membrane through organic anion-transporting polypeptide 1B1 and distributed in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), lysosome, and mitochondria. In this process, GND induced ER swelling, mitochondrial damage, and autophagosome and upregulating IRE-1α to induce autophagy and apoptosis. Furthermore, autophagy inhibitor chloroquine delayed the appearance of cleaved poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase and inhibited cleaved caspase 8, which indicated that GND induced autophagy to activate caspase-8-dependent apoptosis. These observations suggested that diosgenyl saponin was a potent anticancer agent that elicited ER stress and mitochondria-mediated apoptotic pathways in liver cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/fisiopatologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Saponinas/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Retículo Endoplasmático/efeitos dos fármacos , Retículo Endoplasmático/genética , Retículo Endoplasmático/metabolismo , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Lisossomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Lisossomos/genética , Lisossomos/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/genética , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Transportadores de Ânions Orgânicos/genética , Transportadores de Ânions Orgânicos/metabolismo
17.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(15): 3323-3329, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602890

RESUMO

To study the correlation between ultra high performance liquid chromatography( UPLC) fingerprint of Smilax china and its anti-pelvic inflammatory effect,and to explore the pharmacodynamic material basis of S. china against pelvic inflammatory disease.UPLC fingerprints of 10 batches of S. china from different habitats were established,and the values of SOD,MDA,TNF-α,and IL-6 in rats with pelvic inflammation were measured. The weight of each single pharmacodynamics index to the total efficacy was determined by analytic hierarchy process,and the contribution of each peak in fingerprints to the each single pharmacodynamics index and total efficacy was analyzed by the grey relational analysis. Then the structures of chemical constituents at the identified peaks were confirmed by comparing with the reference substance. The 27 common characteristic peaks of UPLC fingerprints were all related to the anti-pelvic inflammation effect of S. china,of which 13 peaks were identified as peak 2( 3,5-dihydroxy-2-methylbenzoic acid-3-O-glucoside),peak 3( chlorogenic acid),peak 5( 2,7,4-trihydroxydihydroflavone-5-O-glucoside),peak 6( 7,4-dihydroxydihydroflavonol-5-O-glucoside),peak 7( taxifolin-7-O-glucoside),peak 9( taxifolin),peak 10( polydatin),peak 11( oxyresveratrol),peak 12( astilbin),peak15( resveratrol),peak 16( quercitrin),peak 18( engeletin) and peak 24( kaempferol). The correlation degree of 21 peaks and the total efficacy was greater than 0. 8,and the top 10 ranked by correlation degree were as follows: peak 1,3,7,19,18,17,4,11,16,and 21. The results showed that the anti-pelvic inflammation effect of S. china was achieved by the combined action of pharmacodynamic substances. In order to control the quality of S. china and its prepared slices more effectively,the index components of content detection should be selected reasonably.


Assuntos
Doença Inflamatória Pélvica/tratamento farmacológico , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Smilax/química , Animais , China , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Feminino , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Ratos
18.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(16): 3374-3383, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602898

RESUMO

Traditional Chinese medicine Tripterygium wilfordii Hook.f( TWHF) is a natural botanical drug in China. It has complex chemical compositions and has been used for a long history. TWHF was used as an insecticide to protect crops at early stage,and it was later found to have significant effects in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis,attaining great concerns. With further researches,it was found that TWHF can treat various diseases in the medical field due to a variety of pharmacological activities such as anti-cancer,neuroprotection,anti-inflammatory and immune-suppressing,particularly. Multiple extracts of TWHF have unique immunosuppressive function,playing an immune role through multi-target and multi-channel,with significant effect in the treatment of autoimmune diseases. As an immune-suppressing drug,TWHF is worthy of in-depth research due to its broad application prospects. While achieving good clinical efficacy,reports about its toxic effects to multiple systems of the body are also increasing,greatly hindering its clinical application. In order to fully understand the immune-suppressing function of TWHF and reduce or avoid the occurrence of toxic and side effects,we summarized recent progress of TWHF on the immune organs,cells and factors in recent years,as well as the pharmacology and toxic effects,hoping to provide a scientific and reasonable reference for its wider use in clinical treatment.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Sistema Imunitário/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Tripterygium/química , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos
19.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(16): 3435-3440, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602906

RESUMO

The aim of this paper was to investigate the anti-inflammatory effect of Tripterygium wilfordii processed with licorice on DSS-induced ulcerative colitis( UC) mice and its regulation on intestinal immune system. In this study,a DSS-induced animal model of UC mice was established,with mesalazine( Mes) as a positive drug. The pharmacodynamic effects of low( PT1) and high( PT2)doses of T. wilfordii processed with licorice were analyzed by disease activity index( DAI),colon length and colon histopathological score in mice. By detecting the expression levels of TNF-α and IL-6 cytokines in the serum of mice,immunohistochemical CD3+T and Fox P3+Treg staining in the colon of mice,the anti-inflammatory and immunoregulatory effects of T. wilfordii processed with licorice on UC mice were analyzed. The hepatotoxicity of each dose of T. wilfordii processed with licorice was also analyzed by HE staining in liver tissue of mice and ALT and AST levels in serum. The results showed that the colitis symptoms of the mice in the PT1 group and the PT2 group were alleviated,the inflammatory cell infiltration was reduced. And the expression of inflammatory factors was decreased,the difference was statistically significant compared with the model group( P<0. 05). The HE staining and ALT and AST levels in the high dose group and low dose group were not significantly different from those in the normal group. The results showed that T. wilfordii processed with licorice has the anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects on UC mice,and the dose did not show significant hepatotoxicity.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Glycyrrhiza/química , Tripterygium/química , Animais , Sulfato de Dextrana , Camundongos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia
20.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(16): 3454-3459, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602909

RESUMO

The present study was aimed to explore the dose-toxicity-effect relationship of Tripterygium wilfordii Hook f( TW) processed by liquorice,to establish the safe and effective therapeutic window,and further to provide scientific reference for the clinical use of TW. The toxicity and anti-inflammatory effect of six doses of raw TW and TW processed by liquorice( 0. 78,1. 56,3. 12,6. 24,12. 48,15. 60 g·kg-1) in 1-fluoro-2,4-dinitrobenzene( DNFB)-induced allergic contact dermatitis( ACD) model were mainly examined by histopathology and serum biochemistry. The liver biochemical parameters including ALT and AST,related inflammatory factors including TNF-α and IL-2,together with liver index,kidney index and the other pharmacodynamic indicators,were examined and compared. The results showed that compared with the control group,the serum levels of TNF-α and IL-2 of the model group were significantly increased( P<0. 01),which proved that the ACD model was successful. The comprehensive analysis of liver biochemical indexes,serum inflammatory factors and the other indexes showed that the safe and effective therapeutic window of TW processed by liquorice was 3. 12-12. 48 g·kg-1. The results showed the therapeutic window of TW processed by liquorice was much broader than that of raw TW. And it could provide scientific reference for the clinical rational use of TW.


Assuntos
Dermatite Alérgica de Contato/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Glycyrrhiza/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Tripterygium/química , Animais , Citocinas/sangue
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