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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(45): e17882, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702661

RESUMO

The asymmetry in lower extremity strength is known to be related to the functional mobility in older adults living in the community. However, little is known about the association between lower extremity lean mass asymmetry and functional mobility in this patient group. Hence, this study aimed to determine whether asymmetry in lower extremity muscle mass has a significant relationship with functional mobility in older adults living in the community.This cross-sectional study analyzed the pre-existing data from the Korean Frailty and Aging Cohort Study. A total of 435 older people (aged 70-84 years) were divided into the following groups according to their Limb Asymmetry Index (LAsI): low, intermediate, and high asymmetric groups. LAsI is calculated using lower extremity lean mass, and comparisons between groups were conducted. The participants were also further divided into better and worse mobility groups based on their physical performance test results (Timed Up and Go and Short Physical Performance Battery), and comparisons between groups were conducted. Comparisons between fallers and non-fallers were also conducted. In addition, this study investigated the factors that had a significant effect on gait speed and fall experience within the past year among older adults living in the community.The LAsI was significantly associated with gait speed in older adults living in the community. Older adults in the highest tertile of the LAsI had a slower gait speed than those in the lowest tertile of the LAsI. However, no significant difference was observed in the LAsI between the better mobility group and worse mobility group. Moreover, the LAsI was not a significant predictor of falls.Asymmetry in lower extremity lean mass was significantly associated with gait speed in older adults living in the community.


Assuntos
Acidentes por Quedas/estatística & dados numéricos , Composição Corporal , Extremidade Inferior/patologia , Força Muscular , Desempenho Físico Funcional , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Fragilidade/complicações , Fragilidade/fisiopatologia , Avaliação Geriátrica/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , República da Coreia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Velocidade de Caminhada/fisiologia
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(41): e17551, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593137

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Refractory edema is characterized by persistent swelling which does not react to diuretic use and sodium restriction. Traditional herbal medicine, Gwack Rhyung Tang and Chunggan extract effectively treated refractory lower limb edema caused by cirrhosis and improved liver function. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 64-year-old male patient with a history of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hepatic encephalopathy, and cellulitis presented lower limb edema which did not react to diuretics for more than 7 months. DIAGNOSES: Refractory edema caused by cirrhosis. INTERVENTIONS: The patient was treated for 25 days using Gwack Rhyung Tang and Chunggan extract. OUTCOMES: Loss of body weight, decrease in circumferences of both lower limb and improvement of liver function biochemistry results are checked. There was no recurrence or aggravation of the condition up to 3 weeks of follow-up periods. LESSONS: Traditional herbal medicine can be an effective alternative for refractory edema due to cirrhosis with improving liver function.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Edema/tratamento farmacológico , Medicina Tradicional/métodos , Diuréticos/uso terapêutico , Resistência a Medicamentos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Fibrose/complicações , Medicina Herbária , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2019: 5965721, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31396302

RESUMO

Objective: The status of metabolites of the nitric oxide (NO) pathway in patients with chronic wounds in the course of cardiometabolic diseases is largely unknown. Yet arginine supplementation and citrulline supplementation as novel therapeutic modalities aimed at increasing NO are tested. Material and Methods: Targeted metabolomics approach (LC-MS/MS) was applied to determine the concentrations of L-arginine, L-citrulline, asymmetric and symmetric dimethylarginines (ADMA and SDMA), and arginine/ADMA and arginine/SDMA ratios as surrogate markers of NO and arginine availability in ulnar and femoral veins, representing systemic and local levels of metabolites, in patients with chronic wounds in the course of cardiometabolic diseases (n = 59) as compared to patients without chronic wounds but with similar cardiometabolic burden (n = 55) and healthy individuals (n = 88). Results: Patients with chronic wounds had significantly lower systemic L-citrulline and higher ADMA and SDMA concentrations and lower L-arginine/ADMA and L-arginine/SDMA as compared to healthy controls. The presence of chronic wounds in patients with cardiometabolic diseases was associated with decreased L-arginine but with increased L-citrulline, ADMA, and SDMA concentrations and decreased L-arginine/ADMA and L-arginine/SDMA. Serum obtained from the ulnar and femoral veins of patients with chronic wounds differed by L-arginine concentrations and L-arginine/SDMA ratio, both lower in the femoral vein. Wound etiology affected L-citrulline and SDMA concentrations, lower and higher, respectively, in patients with venous stasis, and the L-arginine/SDMA ratio-lower in venous stasis. The wound type affected L-arginine/ADMA and citrulline-lower in patients with ulcerations or gangrene. IL-6 was an independent predictor of L-arginine/ADMA, VEGF-A of ADMA, G-CSF of L-arginine/SDMA, and GM-CSF of L-citrulline and SDMA. Conclusion: Chronic wounds in the course of cardiometabolic diseases are associated with reduced NO and arginine availability due to ADMA and SDMA accumulation rather than arginine deficiency, not supporting its supplementation. Wound character seems to affect NO bioavailability and wound etiology-arginine bioavailability. Arginine concentration and its availability are more markedly reduced at the local level than the systemic level.


Assuntos
Arginina/metabolismo , Doenças Cardiovasculares/patologia , Extremidade Inferior/patologia , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Ferimentos e Lesões/diagnóstico , Idoso , Arginina/análogos & derivados , Arginina/análise , Doenças Cardiovasculares/complicações , Doenças Cardiovasculares/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Quimiocinas/análise , Citrulina/análise , Citocinas/análise , Feminino , Hormônio do Crescimento/análise , Humanos , Masculino , Metabolômica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ferimentos e Lesões/complicações , Ferimentos e Lesões/metabolismo
6.
Indian J Med Microbiol ; 37(1): 19-23, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31424005

RESUMO

Background: Culture-negative infections in open long bone fractures are frequently encountered in clinical practice. We aimed to identify the rate and outcome of culture-negative infections in open long bone fractures of lower limb. Methodology: A prospective cohort study was conducted from November 2015 to May 2017 on Gustilo and Anderson Grade III open long bone fractures of the lower limb. Demographic data, injury details, time from injury to receiving antibiotics and index surgical procedure were noted. Length of hospital stay, number of additional surgeries and occurrence of complications were also noted. Patients with infected open fractures were grouped as culture positive or culture negative depending on the isolation of infecting microorganisms in deep intraoperative specimen. The clinical outcome of these two groups was statistically analysed. Results: A total of 231 patients with 275 open fractures involving the femur, tibia or fibula were studied. There was clinical signs of infection in 84 patients (36.4%) with 99 fractures (36%). Forty-three patients (51.2%) had positive cultures and remaining 41 patients had negative cultures (48.8%). The rate of culture-negative infection in open type III long bone fractures in our study was 17.7%. There was no statistical difference in the clinical outcome between culture-negative and culture-positive infections. Conclusion: Failure to identify an infective microorganism in the presence of clinical signs of infection is routinely seen in open fractures and needs to be treated aggressively.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Fraturas Ósseas/microbiologia , Fraturas Expostas/microbiologia , Extremidade Inferior/microbiologia , Infecção dos Ferimentos/tratamento farmacológico , Infecção dos Ferimentos/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Ciprofloxacino/uso terapêutico , Cloxacilina/uso terapêutico , Desbridamento , Feminino , Fêmur/lesões , Fêmur/microbiologia , Fíbula/lesões , Fíbula/microbiologia , Fraturas Ósseas/patologia , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Fraturas Expostas/patologia , Fraturas Expostas/cirurgia , Gentamicinas/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior/lesões , Extremidade Inferior/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Penicilinas/uso terapêutico , Estudos Prospectivos , Tíbia/lesões , Tíbia/microbiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Infecção dos Ferimentos/microbiologia , Adulto Jovem
7.
IEEE Int Conf Rehabil Robot ; 2019: 323-330, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31374650

RESUMO

Over the past decade, many medical lower limb exoskeletons have been developed and exploited. The advantage of such a systems is to ensure the mobility of paraplegic patients, as well as their physical rehabilitation. However, existing solutions have not been widely available among the disabled population, particularly adolescents, due to the limitations of their conception caused by the rapid physical growth and morphological variation of this population.In this paper, a new scalable structure of the exoskeleton is proposed as a feasible solution to the problem of morphological changes. As this is the first time the generic term "scalability" has been used, its requirements and design methods, including the morphological changes and alignment, are presented in detail to better meet the growing needs for such a promising device. The evaluation of the proposed scalable structure shows a promising utility that is illustrated by several experimental scenarios: the load capacity of the structure, the efficiency of the fixation mechanisms, the validation of the hip alignment mechanism and finally the validation of the evolutionary structure.


Assuntos
Pessoas com Deficiência , Desenho de Equipamento , Exoesqueleto Energizado , Extremidade Inferior/fisiopatologia , Paraplegia/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Feminino , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior/patologia , Masculino , Paraplegia/patologia
8.
BMC Womens Health ; 19(1): 95, 2019 07 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31299947

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The combination of intrapelvic and extrapelvic endometriosis is a very rare condition in gynecology. Patients with endometriosis involving the sciatic nerve are easily misdiagnosed because they usually present with atypical symptoms of endometriosis. Here, we present a rare case of an endometrioma passing through the left greater sciatic foramen. Removal of the endometriotic lesion was performed with a concomitant laparoscopic and transgluteal approach through the cooperation of gynecologists and orthopedic (neuro)surgeons. CASE PRESENTATION: A 20-year-old woman presented with complaints of severe dysmenorrhea lasting for more than 6 years and dysfunction of her left lower limb lasting for approximately 4 months. Both CT and MRI demonstrated a suspected intrapelvic and extrapelvic endometriotic cyst (7.3 cm × 8.1 cm × 6.5 cm) passing through the left greater sciatic foramen. Laparoscopic exploration showed a cyst full of dark fluid occupying the left obturator fossa and extending outside the pelvis. A novel combination of transgluteal laparoscopy was performed for complete resection of the cyst and decompression of the sciatic nerve. Postoperative pathology confirmed the diagnosis of endometriosis. Long-term follow-up observation showed persistent pain relief and lower limb function recovery in the patient. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: When a woman complains of unexplained unilateral sciatica, especially a woman suffering from dysmenorrhea, endometriosis of the sciatica nerve should be considered as a potential etiology. Complete excision of the endometriotic lesion and adequate neurolysis (or decompression) of the sciatic nerve through the multidisciplinary cooperation of experienced gynecologists with proper training in laparoscopic pelvic (neuro)surgery and orthopedic (neuro)surgeons is effective.


Assuntos
Dismenorreia/cirurgia , Endometriose/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Ciática/cirurgia , Dismenorreia/etiologia , Dismenorreia/patologia , Endometriose/complicações , Endometriose/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior/patologia , Extremidade Inferior/cirurgia , Pelve/patologia , Pelve/cirurgia , Nervo Isquiático/patologia , Nervo Isquiático/cirurgia , Ciática/etiologia , Ciática/patologia , Adulto Jovem
9.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 52(7): e8432, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31314853

RESUMO

Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) can impair healing of diabetic foot (DF) in patients with diabetes mellitus. To determine whether carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) can predict lower limb arterial lesions in patients with DF, this cross-sectional study enrolled patients with DF at West China Hospital (China) between January 2012 and December 2015. Ultrasonography was used to measure CIMT, assess the internal carotid arteries (ICA) for plaques, and evaluate lower limb segmental arteries for stenosis. The optimal CIMT cutoff for detecting lower limb PAD was determined by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Factors associated with PAD were identified by logistic regression analyses. A total of 167 patients (mean age: 69.7±10.3 years; 102 men) were included. Patients with PAD were older and had higher levels of total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein than patients without PAD (P<0.05). The area under the ROC curve was 0.747 (P<0.001). At the optimal CIMT cutoff of 0.71 mm, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were 79.65, 61.11, 81.08, and 58.93%, respectively. Compared with those without PAD, more patients with PAD had CIMT ≥0.71 mm (79.65 vs 38.89%; P<0.001) and ICA plaques (66.37vs 11.11%; P<0.001). Multivariate logistic regression revealed that age (odds ratio [OR]: 1.118; 95% confidence interval [95%CI]: 1.056-1.183; P<0.001), ICA plaques (OR: 13.452; 95%CI: 4.450-40.662; P<0.001), and CIMT ≥0.71 mm (OR: 2.802; 95%CI: 1.092-7.188; P=0.032) were associated with PAD.CIMT may be a surrogate marker of PAD in patients with DF.


Assuntos
Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/complicações , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea/efeitos adversos , Pé Diabético/etiologia , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/patologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos
10.
Clin Lab ; 65(7)2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31307165

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We report a case that presented as fever with positive Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) IgM antibody combined with subcutaneous nodules on lower extremities and cervical lymphadenopathy firstly misdiagnosed as infectious mononucleosis, which was proven as subcutaneous panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma by subcutaneous nodule biopsies. METHODS: Appropriate serum and bacteriological laboratory tests were carried out for the cause of fever. An ultrasound and subcutaneous nodule biopsies were performed. RESULTS: EBV IgM antibody was positive. An ultrasound revealed multiple subcutaneous nodules, which were prone to be lipoma on lower extremities and cervical lymphadenopathy. Subcutaneous nodule biopsies were firstly misdiagnosed as lipoma, while pathology consultation for the subcutaneous nodule biopsies diagnosed subcutaneous panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma. CONCLUSIONS: When patients have persistent fever with positive EBV IgM antibody combined other system involvements, especially lymphadenopathy and multiple subcutaneous nodules, it should differentiate lymphoma from infectious diseases.


Assuntos
Febre/diagnóstico , Imunoglobulina M/imunologia , Mononucleose Infecciosa/diagnóstico , Extremidade Inferior/patologia , Linfadenopatia/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Células T/diagnóstico , Paniculite/diagnóstico , Tela Subcutânea/patologia , Adulto , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Biópsia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Febre/etiologia , Herpesvirus Humano 4/imunologia , Herpesvirus Humano 4/fisiologia , Humanos , Mononucleose Infecciosa/complicações , Mononucleose Infecciosa/virologia , Extremidade Inferior/virologia , Linfadenopatia/etiologia , Linfoma de Células T/complicações , Pescoço , Paniculite/complicações , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Tela Subcutânea/virologia
11.
BMJ Case Rep ; 12(7)2019 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31278199

RESUMO

May-Thurner syndrome (MTS) is a differential diagnosis to be considered in a patient with recurrent unilateral cellulitis. A 73-year-old woman initially presented with recurrent unilateral cellulitis of her left lower limb. A CT scan demonstrated a stenosed left common iliac vein (CIV) narrowed at its origin by the proximal right common iliac artery consistent with MTS. The chronicity of the condition at the time of diagnosis made attempts to recanalise the CIV unsuccessful. A diagnosis of MTS should be considered in a patient with chronic unilateral limb oedema/cellulitis as it represents a potentially treatable condition if detected early.


Assuntos
Celulite (Flegmão)/diagnóstico , Síndrome de May-Thurner/diagnóstico , Idoso , Celulite (Flegmão)/etiologia , Doença Crônica , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Artéria Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Veia Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Extremidade Inferior/patologia , Síndrome de May-Thurner/complicações , Recidiva
12.
Lancet ; 394(10197): 471-477, 2019 08 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31280965

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal surgical excision margins are uncertain for patients with thick (>2 mm) localised cutaneous melanomas. In our previous report of this multicentre, randomised controlled trial, with a median follow-up of 6·7 years, we showed that a narrow excision margin (2 cm vs 4 cm) did not affect melanoma-specific nor overall survival. Here, we present extended follow-up of this cohort. METHODS: In this open-label, multicentre randomised controlled trial, we recruited patients from 53 hospitals in Sweden, Denmark, Estonia, and Norway. We enrolled clinically staged patients aged 75 years or younger diagnosed with localised cutaneous melanoma thicker than 2 mm, and with primary site on the trunk or upper or lower extremities. Patients were randomly allocated (1:1) to treatment either with a 2-cm or a 4-cm excision margin. A physician enrolled the patients after histological confirmation of a cutaneous melanoma thicker than 2 mm. Some patients were enrolled by a physician acting as responsible for clinical care and as a trial investigator (follow-up, data collection, and manuscript writing). In other cases physicians not involved in running the trial enrolled patients. Randomisation was done by telephone call to a randomisation office, by sealed envelope, or by computer generated lists using permuted blocks. Patients were stratified according to geographical region. No part of the trial was masked. The primary outcome in this extended follow-up study was overall survival and the co-primary outcome was melanoma-specific survival. All analyses were done on an intention-to-treat basis. The study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT03638492. FINDINGS: Between Jan 22, 1992, and May 19, 2004, 936 clinically staged patients were recruited and randomly assigned to a 4-cm excision margin (n=465) or a 2-cm excision margin (n=471). At a median overall follow-up of 19·6 years (235 months, IQR 200-260), 621 deaths were reported-304 (49%) in the 2-cm group and 317 (51%) in the 4-cm group (unadjusted HR 0·98, 95% CI 0·83-1·14; p=0·75). 397 deaths were attributed to cutaneous melanoma-192 (48%) in the 2-cm excision margin group and 205 (52%) in the 4-cm excision margin group (unadjusted HR 0·95, 95% CI 0·78-1·16, p=0·61). INTERPRETATION: A 2-cm excision margin was safe for patients with thick (>2 mm) localised cutaneous melanoma at a follow-up of median 19·6 years. These findings support the use of 2-cm excision margins in current clinical practice. FUNDING: The Swedish Cancer Society, Stockholm Cancer Society, the Swedish Society for Medical Research, Radiumhemmet Research funds, Stockholm County Council, Wallström funds.


Assuntos
Extremidade Inferior/patologia , Melanoma/mortalidade , Melanoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Cutâneas/cirurgia , Tronco/patologia , Extremidade Superior/patologia , Idoso , Dinamarca , Estônia , Feminino , Humanos , Análise de Intenção de Tratamento , Extremidade Inferior/cirurgia , Masculino , Margens de Excisão , Melanoma/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Noruega , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Análise de Sobrevida , Suécia , Tronco/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Extremidade Superior/cirurgia
13.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 3401683, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31281832

RESUMO

Objective: Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a disease caused by abnormal blood clots in deep veins. Accurate segmentation of DVT is important to facilitate the diagnosis and treatment. In the current study, we proposed a fully automatic method of DVT delineation based on deep learning (DL) and contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (CE-MRI) images. Methods: 58 patients (25 males; 28~96 years old) with newly diagnosed lower extremity DVT were recruited. CE-MRI was acquired on a 1.5 T system. The ground truth (GT) of DVT lesions was manually contoured. A DL network with an encoder-decoder architecture was designed for DVT segmentation. 8-Fold cross-validation strategy was applied for training and testing. Dice similarity coefficient (DSC) was adopted to evaluate the network's performance. Results: It took about 1.5s for our CNN model to perform the segmentation task in a slice of MRI image. The mean DSC of 58 patients was 0.74± 0.17 and the median DSC was 0.79. Compared with other DL models, our CNN model achieved better performance in DVT segmentation (0.74± 0.17 versus 0.66±0.15, 0.55±0.20, and 0.57±0.22). Conclusion: Our proposed DL method was effective and fast for fully automatic segmentation of lower extremity DVT.


Assuntos
Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Extremidade Inferior/diagnóstico por imagem , Extremidade Inferior/patologia , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Algoritmos , Automação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Trombose/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose/patologia
14.
Med Sci Monit ; 25: 4811-4818, 2019 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31253757

RESUMO

BACKGROUND We aimed to investigate the role of PDCD4-mediated Akt signaling pathway in vascular endothelial cell injury caused by ischemia-reperfusion in the lower extremities. MATERIAL AND METHODS Ten rats were used as control, while 50 rats were used for creating disease models and were assigned to 5 groups: model group (no injection), NC group (injected with vectors containing PDCD negative control sequence), sh-PDCD4 group (injected with vectors containing sh-PDCD4 sequence), IGF-1 group (injected with IGF-1), and sh-PDCD4+IGF-1 group (injected with IGF-1 and vectors containing sh-PDCD4 sequence). RESULTS Compared with the control group, the expression levels of PDCD4 mRNA and protein, as well as levels of circulating endothelial cells, von Willebrand factor, thrombomodulin, and malondialdehyde, increased in the other 5 groups, while the mRNA and protein expression levels of Akt and eNOS, the protein expression levels of p-Akt and p-eNOS, and superoxide dismutase content decreased in these groups (all P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the sh-PDCD4 and sh-PDCD4+1GF-1 groups had lower mRNA and protein expressions of PDCD4 (all P<0.05), whereas the IGF-1 group had similar levels (all P>0.05). These 3 groups had lower levels of circulating endothelial cells, von Willebrand factor, thrombomodulin, and malondialdehyde, and higher mRNA and protein expressions of Akt and eNOS, protein expressions of p-Akt and p-eNOS, and superoxide dismutase content (all P<0.05). The NC group did not differ from the model group (all P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS PDCD4 gene silencing can activate the Akt signaling pathway and attenuate vascular endothelial cell injury caused by ischemia-reperfusion in the lower extremities in rats.


Assuntos
Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/patologia , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/genética , Células Endoteliais/patologia , Inativação Gênica , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/metabolismo , Extremidade Inferior/patologia , Masculino , MicroRNAs/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/genética , Transdução de Sinais
15.
J Biol Regul Homeost Agents ; 33(2 Suppl. 1): 155-161, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31172733

RESUMO

Modular prostheses are commonly used to reconstruct defects of the distal femur and proximal tibia after bone tumor resection. Improving patient's autonomy and giving them a better quality of life are the main goals. Post-surgical rehabilitation is very relevant after surgery. The aim of this paper is to study the short and mean time functional outcomes in patients treated with Mutars® reconstructions after proximal and distal lower limb tumor resection with a multidimensional analysis and a standardized stabilometric examination. Twenty-one patients (7 male and 14 women, mean age and standard deviation: 61.76±14.68) affected by primitive bone tumor (28.6%) or metastatic bone tumor (71.4%), treated with MUTARS® reconstructions after proximal (71%) , distal(23.8%) and both (4.8%) lower limb tumor resections, accepted to take part to the study. They were evaluated after one week (T0), one month (T1), three months (T2), six months (T3) and one year (T4) after surgery with standardized clinic evaluation and with multidimensional validated scales. Visual Analogic Scale (VAS during active movement), Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG), Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS), MusculoSkeletal Tumor So¬ciety rating (MSTS), Toronto Extremity Salvage Score scale (TESS). Patients underwent to an instrumental standardized stabilometric test after one month from surgery and in following evaluations to measure stand¬ing balance. Patients underwent to a rehabilitation program during three months after surgery. There was a significant improvement of hip flexion range of movement (p level: 0.008), and gait modalities (without aids) after three months from surgery (p level 0.02). There was a significant reduction in VAS after one month of surgery (p level 0.00). It was observed an increase of the SPPB value at T3 (p level 0.01), of MSTS and TESS at T2. Balance stabilometric evaluation did not showed significant increase at each timing also if Romberg perimeter decrease progressively. These preliminary results showed that, oncological patients, affected by bone tumors or metastasis, surgical treated with MUTARS® implant and admitted to the rehabilitation programs, can improve their gait modalities and functional daily life outcomes, until three months from surgery. A large sample will allow, necessary to define standardized rehabilitation protocols after oncological orthopedic sur¬gery, in order to introduce guidelines that can be applied routinely.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior/patologia , Extremidade Inferior/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Desenho de Prótese , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Diagn Interv Radiol ; 25(4): 320-327, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31231068

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We aimed to assess the technical success of the combined percutaneous direct puncture of occluded artery - antegrade intervention technique, as well as the clinical effectiveness of treatment, on the basis of changes in the Rutherford classification. METHODS: Between June 2015 and July 2018, 441 patients underwent endovascular recanalization due to lower limb peripheral arterial disease at our center. Of these, 18 patients (4%; 15 males, 3 females; mean age, 63.2 years) had failed antegrade recanalization and percutaneous retrograde access because of long segment occlusion, arterial rupture or dissection. Combined percutaneous direct puncture of occluded artery and antegrade approach was applied to these patients. Clinical follow-up examinations were performed at 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, and annually thereafter. RESULTS: The mean follow-up period was 22.8±10.9 months. The mean procedure time was 93.6±28.2 min. Technical success was achieved in 14 patients (78%). Complete restoration of arterial flow in the punctured vessel could not be achieved in 4 patients (22%). Minor complications occurred in 4 of 18 procedures (22%). Amputation-free survival and limb salvage rates (83.3% and 100%, respectively) were the same for 12 and 24 months. CONCLUSION: Technical success in lower limb peripheral arterial disease may be improved with the use of a combined percutaneous direct puncture of occluded artery - antegrade intervention, particularly for patients in whom other techniques are not a viable option.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Punções/instrumentação , Idoso , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/diagnóstico por imagem , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/terapia , Terapia Combinada/métodos , Feminino , Fluoroscopia/métodos , Seguimentos , Humanos , Salvamento de Membro/estatística & dados numéricos , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Extremidade Inferior/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Punções/tendências , Estudos Retrospectivos , Artérias da Tíbia/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia Doppler em Cores/métodos , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
17.
J Biol Regul Homeost Agents ; 33(4): 1241-1242, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31250616

RESUMO

We present the case of an 80-year-old man in good general condition. The patient was hospitalized for a complaint about the appearance of highly itchy plaques in the area of both lower legs for several months.


Assuntos
Dermatite/patologia , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/patologia , Púrpura/induzido quimicamente , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior/patologia , Masculino
18.
Int J Mycobacteriol ; 8(2): 202-204, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31210168

RESUMO

Elephantiasis nostras verrucosa is used to describe lymphedema of the lower limbs caused by a nonfilarial etiology. Infective etiologies include bacterial and fungal infections along with chronic venous stasis, postirradiation, congestive heart failure, obesity, and malignancies, all causes leading to lymphatic obstruction and edema. We herein describe a case of a 70-year-old male who presented with diffuse nonpitting edema of the entire left lower limb with cobblestoning of the surface with a positive Kaposi-Stemmer sign and presence of a verrucous plaque over the left ankle. Histopathology of the verrucous plaque revealed it to be tuberculosis verrucosa cutis (TVC). We report this rare presentation of TVC as a cause of unilateral lymphedema.


Assuntos
Elefantíase/microbiologia , Extremidade Inferior/microbiologia , Tuberculose Cutânea/diagnóstico , Idoso , Antituberculosos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior/patologia , Masculino , Resultado do Tratamento , Tuberculose Cutânea/complicações , Tuberculose Cutânea/tratamento farmacológico
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