Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 7.178
Filtrar
2.
Vasc Health Risk Manag ; 16: 353-365, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32982263

RESUMO

Among the vast number of noncommunicable diseases encountered worldwide, cardiovascular diseases accounted for about 17.8 million deaths in 2017 and ischemic heart disease (IHD) remains the single-largest cause of death in countries across all income groups. Because conventional medications are not without shortcomings and patients still refractory to these medications, scientific investigation is ongoing to advance the management of IHD, and shows a great promise for better treatment modalities, but additional research can warrant improvement in terms of the quality of life of patients. Metabolic modulation is one promising strategy for the treatment of IHD, because alterations in energy metabolism are involved in progression of the disease. Therefore, the purpose of this review was to strengthen attention toward the use of metabolic modulators and to review the current level of knowledge on cardiac energy metabolic pathways.


Assuntos
Fármacos Cardiovasculares/uso terapêutico , Metabolismo Energético/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias Cardíacas/efeitos dos fármacos , Isquemia Miocárdica/tratamento farmacológico , Miócitos Cardíacos/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Humanos , Mitocôndrias Cardíacas/metabolismo , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Isquemia Miocárdica/metabolismo , Isquemia Miocárdica/fisiopatologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo
3.
Lancet ; 396(10253): 759-769, 2020 09 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871100

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac muscle hypercontractility is a key pathophysiological abnormality in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, and a major determinant of dynamic left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction. Available pharmacological options for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy are inadequate or poorly tolerated and are not disease-specific. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of mavacamten, a first-in-class cardiac myosin inhibitor, in symptomatic obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. METHODS: In this phase 3, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial (EXPLORER-HCM) in 68 clinical cardiovascular centres in 13 countries, patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with an LVOT gradient of 50 mm Hg or greater and New York Heart Association (NYHA) class II-III symptoms were assigned (1:1) to receive mavacamten (starting at 5 mg) or placebo for 30 weeks. Visits for assessment of patient status occurred every 2-4 weeks. Serial evaluations included echocardiogram, electrocardiogram, and blood collection for laboratory tests and mavacamten plasma concentration. The primary endpoint was a 1·5 mL/kg per min or greater increase in peak oxygen consumption (pVO2) and at least one NYHA class reduction or a 3·0 mL/kg per min or greater pVO2 increase without NYHA class worsening. Secondary endpoints assessed changes in post-exercise LVOT gradient, pVO2, NYHA class, Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire-Clinical Summary Score (KCCQ-CSS), and Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Symptom Questionnaire Shortness-of-Breath subscore (HCMSQ-SoB). This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03470545. FINDINGS: Between May 30, 2018, and July 12, 2019, 429 adults were assessed for eligibility, of whom 251 (59%) were enrolled and randomly assigned to mavacamten (n=123 [49%]) or placebo (n=128 [51%]). 45 (37%) of 123 patients on mavacamten versus 22 (17%) of 128 on placebo met the primary endpoint (difference +19·4%, 95% CI 8·7 to 30·1; p=0·0005). Patients on mavacamten had greater reductions than those on placebo in post-exercise LVOT gradient (-36 mm Hg, 95% CI -43·2 to -28·1; p<0·0001), greater increase in pVO2 (+1·4 mL/kg per min, 0·6 to 2·1; p=0·0006), and improved symptom scores (KCCQ-CSS +9·1, 5·5 to 12·7; HCMSQ-SoB -1·8, -2·4 to -1·2; p<0·0001). 34% more patients in the mavacamten group improved by at least one NYHA class (80 of 123 patients in the mavacamten group vs 40 of 128 patients in the placebo group; 95% CI 22·2 to 45·4; p<0·0001). Safety and tolerability were similar to placebo. Treatment-emergent adverse events were generally mild. One patient died by sudden death in the placebo group. INTERPRETATION: Treatment with mavacamten improved exercise capacity, LVOT obstruction, NYHA functional class, and health status in patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. The results of this pivotal trial highlight the benefits of disease-specific treatment for this condition. FUNDING: MyoKardia.


Assuntos
Benzilaminas/uso terapêutico , Miosinas Cardíacas/antagonistas & inibidores , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/tratamento farmacológico , Uracila/análogos & derivados , Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Benzilaminas/efeitos adversos , Bloqueadores dos Canais de Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/fisiopatologia , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/uso terapêutico , Método Duplo-Cego , Tolerância ao Exercício/fisiologia , Feminino , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Consumo de Oxigênio/fisiologia , Avaliação de Resultados da Assistência ao Paciente , Uracila/efeitos adversos , Uracila/uso terapêutico
4.
High Blood Press Cardiovasc Prev ; 27(5): 363-371, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32740853

RESUMO

Epigenetic processing takes centre stage in cardiometabolic diseases (obesity, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, hypertension), where it participates in adiposity, inflammation, endothelial dysfunction, vascular insulin resistance and atherosclerosis. Epigenetic modifications, defined as heritable changes in gene expression that do not entail mutation in the DNA sequence, are mainly induced by environmental stimuli (stress, pollution, cigarette smoking) and are gaining considerable interest due to their causal role in cardiovascular disease, and their amenability to pharmacological intervention. Importantly, epigenetic modifications acquired during life can be transmitted to the offspring and exert their biological effects across multiple generations. Indeed, such transgenerational transmission of epigenetic signals may contribute to anticipating cardiovascular and metabolic disease phenotypes already in children and young adults. A deeper understanding of environmental factors and their effects on the epigenetic machinery and transcriptional programs is warranted to develop effective mechanism-based therapeutic strategies. The clinical application of epigenetic drugs-also known as "epi-drugs"-is currently exploding in the field of cardiovascular disease. The present review describes the main epigenetic networks underlying cardiometabolic alterations and sheds light on specific points of intervention for pharmacological reprogramming in this setting.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/genética , Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Epigênese Genética , Síndrome Metabólica/genética , Animais , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/uso terapêutico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/metabolismo , Endotélio Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Endotélio Vascular/fisiopatologia , Epigênese Genética/efeitos dos fármacos , Interação Gene-Ambiente , Humanos , Síndrome Metabólica/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Síndrome Metabólica/metabolismo , Fatores de Risco , Transdução de Sinais
5.
Shock ; 54(5): 644-651, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32826818

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) outbreak has spread around the world. However, the dynamic course of critically ill COVID-19 has not been described thoroughly. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 195 critically ill COVID-19 patients in Hubei province, China, between January 5, 2020 and April 3, 2020. Epidemiologic data, clinical features, treatments, and outcomes were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: Most critically ill patients were older with higher Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II scores. After critical illness onset, a total of 181 (92.8%) patients received ventilation support, of which 84 (43.1%) received noninvasive and 97 (49.7%) received invasive mechanic ventilation (IMV). Among the 97 patients with IMV, 28 (28.9%) received prone ventilation, 57 (58.8%) received neuromuscular blocked therapy, and 22 (11.3%) received tracheostomy due to prolonged ventilator use. Early hypoxemia, subsequent hypercapnia, pulmonary hypertension, and finally pulmonary fibrosis were notable in the clinical course of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Eighty-nine (45.6%) patients presented with shock. Acute kidney injury (29.7%) and secondary infection (28.2%) were also notable. The overall mortality of critically ill patients at day 28 was 42.1%. Intensive care unit (ICU) mortality was around 33%, as 16 patients died prior to ICU admission. A low PaO2/FiO2 ratio was an independent risk factor for death. High viral load was observed in most non-survivors. CONCLUSION: ARDS and shock were notable in the critical illness of COVID-19. Ventilation support and hemodynamic support were the cornerstones for critical care. High viral load was associated with death of critically ill COVID-19 patients.


Assuntos
Fármacos Cardiovasculares/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Hemodinâmica/efeitos dos fármacos , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Respiração Artificial , Idoso , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Estado Terminal , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Respiração Artificial/efeitos adversos , Respiração Artificial/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Carga Viral
6.
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis ; 30(10): 1806-1812, 2020 09 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32736957

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the most common microvascular complication of diabetes. Diabetic macroangiopathies, particularly cardiovascular (CV) diseases, seem closely related to diabetes microvascular complications. Aspirin represents the most prescribed compound in CV prevention. Aspirin impact on DR is still object of debate. As it is already recommended among diabetics at high CV risk, aim of this study was to assess a potential relationship between DR and aspirin therapy, in a type 2 diabetes cohort of patients screened through telemedicine. METHODS AND RESULTS: NO Blind is a cross-sectional, multicenter, observational study, which involved nine Italian outpatient clinics. Primary endpoint was the assessment of the relationship between aspirin treatment and DR. 2068 patients were enrolled in the study, subsequently split in two subpopulations according to either the presence or absence of DR. Overall, 995 subjects were under aspirin therapy. After adjusting for most common potential confounders, age and gender, aspirin reveals significantly associated with DR (OR: 1.72, 95%CI: 1.58-2.89, p = 0.002) and proliferative DR (PDR) (OR: 1.89, 95%CI: 1.24-2.84, p = 0.003). Association comes lost further adjusting for MACEs (OR: 1.28, 95%CI: 0.85-1.42, p = 0.157) (Model 4) and eGFR (OR: 0.93; 95%CI: 0.71-1.22; p = 0.591) (Model 5). CONCLUSION: In this multicenter cross-sectional study including a large sample of outpatients with T2DM, we showed that aspirin was not associated with DR after adjustment for several cardio-metabolic confounders. However, as partially confirmed by our findings, and related to the well-known pro-hemorrhagic effect of aspirin, its use should be individually tailored, even by telemedicine tools.


Assuntos
Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/uso terapêutico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Retinopatia Diabética/etiologia , Idoso , Aspirina/efeitos adversos , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Retinopatia Diabética/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Vasc Health Risk Manag ; 16: 285-297, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32764949

RESUMO

Purpose: To ascertain the most appropriate treatment for chronic, stable, coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients submitted to elective coronary angiography. Patients and Methods: A total of 814 patients included in the prospective cohort study were referred for elective coronary angiography and were followed up on average for 6±1.9 years. Main outcomes were all-cause death, cardiovascular death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke and late revascularization and their combinations as major adverse cardiac and cerebral events (MACCE): MACCE-1 included cardiovascular death, nonfatal MI, and stroke; MACCE-2 was MACCE-1 plus late revascularization. Survival curves and adjusted Cox proportional hazard models were used to explore the association between the type of treatment and outcomes. Results: All-cause death was lower in participants submitted to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) (0.41, 0.16-1.03, P=0.057) compared to medical treatment (MT). Coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG) had an overall trend for poorer outcomes: cardiovascular death 2.53 (0.42-15.10), combined cardiovascular death, nonfatal MI, and stroke 2.15 (0.73-6.31) and these events plus late revascularization (2.17, 0.86-5.49). The corresponding numbers for PCI were 0.27 (0.05-1.43) for cardiovascular death, 0.77 (0.32-1.84) for combined cardiovascular death, nonfatal MI, and stroke and 2.35 (1.16-4.77) with the addition of late revascularization. These trends were not influenced by baseline blood pressure, left ventricular ejection fraction and previous MI. Patients with diabetes mellitus had a significantly higher risk of recurrent revascularization when submitted to PCI than CABG. Conclusion: Patients with confirmed CAD in elective coronary angiography do not have a better prognosis when submitted to CABG comparatively to medical treatment. Patients treated with PCI had a trend for the lower incidence of combined cardiovascular events, at the expense of additional revascularization procedures. Patients without significant CAD had a similar prognosis than CAD patients treated with medical therapy.


Assuntos
Fármacos Cardiovasculares/uso terapêutico , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Idoso , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Causas de Morte , Doença Crônica , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio/prevenção & controle , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/mortalidade , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Am Heart J ; 228: 17-26, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32745732

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Secondary preventive therapies play a key role in the prevention of adverse events after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). However, adherence to secondary preventive drugs after CABG is often poor. With the increasing penetration of smartphones, health-related smartphone applications might provide an opportunity to improve medication adherence. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and feasibility of using a smartphone-based application to improve medication adherence in patients after CABG. METHODS: The Measurement and Improvement Studies of Surgical coronary revascularizatION: medication adherence (MISSION-2) study is a multicenter randomized controlled trial that planned to enroll over 1000 patients who underwent isolated CABG at one of four large teaching hospitals in China; all enrolled participants had access to a smartphone and were able to operate at least three smartphone applications. The investigators randomly assigned the participants to one of two groups: (1) the intervention group with an advanced smartphone application for 6 months which was designed specifically for this trial and did not exist before. Participants could receive medication reminders and cardiac health education by the smartphone application or (2) the control group with usual care. The primary outcome was CABG secondary preventive medication adherence as measured by the translated Chinese version of the 8-item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-8) at 6 months after randomization. The secondary outcomes were mortality, major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE), cardiovascular rehospitalization, self-reported secondary preventive medication use after 6 months of follow-up, blood pressure (BP), body mass index (BMI), and self-reported smoking status. All analyses were conducted using the intention-to-treat principle. RESULTS: A total of 1000 patients (mean age, 57.28 [SD, 9.09] years; 85.5% male) with coronary heart disease after CABG were enrolled between September 2015 and September 2016 and were randomly assigned to the intervention (n = 501) or control group (n = 499). At 6 months, the proportion of low-adherence participants, categorized by MMAS-8 scores, was 11.8% in the intervention group and 11.7% in the control group (RR = 1.005, 95% CI 0.682 to 1.480, P = 1.000). Similar results were found in sensitivity analyses that considered participants who withdrew from the study, or were lost to follow-up as nonadherent. There were no significant differences in the secondary clinical outcome measures, and there were no significant differences in the primary outcome across the subgroups tested. In the intervention group, the proportion of participants who used and operated the application during the first month after CABG was 88.1%; however, the use rate decreased sharply from 42.5% in the second month to 9.2% by the end of the study (6 months). CONCLUSIONS: A smartphone-based application supporting secondary prevention among patients after CABG did not lead to a greater adherence to secondary preventive medications. The limited room for improvement in medication adherence and the low participants' engagement with the smartphone applications might account for these non-significant outcomes.


Assuntos
Fármacos Cardiovasculares/uso terapêutico , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Doença das Coronárias , Educação em Saúde/métodos , Adesão à Medicação/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Smartphone , Software , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/métodos , Doença das Coronárias/tratamento farmacológico , Doença das Coronárias/psicologia , Doença das Coronárias/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Sistemas de Alerta/instrumentação , Prevenção Secundária/métodos
11.
High Blood Press Cardiovasc Prev ; 27(5): 373-377, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32734561

RESUMO

In 2020, the Sars-Cov-2 pandemic is causing a huge and dramatic impact on healthcare systems worldwide. During this emergency, fragile patients suffering from other comorbidities, especially patients susceptible to or affected by cardiovascular disease, are the ones most exposed to the poorer outcomes. Therefore, it is still mandatory to continue to strictly adhere to the rules of cardiovascular prevention. This document aims to provide all doctors with simple and clear recommendations in order to spread useful messages to the widest number of subjects in order to continue the battle against cardiovascular diseases even in times of pandemic.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Cardiologia/normas , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/uso terapêutico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Serviços Preventivos de Saúde/normas , Comportamento de Redução do Risco , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Consenso , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno , Humanos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
14.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 19(1): 100, 2020 07 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32622353

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In this study, we compared the outcomes of medical therapy (MT) with successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in chronic total occlusions (CTO) patients with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: A total of 2015 patients with CTOs were stratified. Diabetic patients (n = 755, 37.5%) and non-diabetic patients (n = 1260, 62.5%) were subjected to medical therapy or successful CTO-PCI. We performed a propensity score matching (PSM) to balance the baseline characteristics. A comparison of the major adverse cardiac events (MACE) was done to evaluate long-term outcomes. RESULTS: The median follow-up duration was 2.6 years. Through multivariate analysis, the incidence of MACE was significantly higher among diabetic patients compared to the non-diabetic patients (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 1.32, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.09-1.61, p = 0.005). Among the diabetic group, the rate of MACE (adjusted HR 0.61, 95% CI 0.42-0.87, p = 0.006) was significantly lower in the successful CTO-PCI group than in the MT group. Besides, in the non-diabetic group, the prevalence of MACE (adjusted HR 0.85, 95% CI 0.64-1.15, p = 0.294) and cardiac death (adjusted HR 0.94, 95% CI 0.51-1.70, p = 0.825) were comparable between the two groups. Similar results as with the early detection were obtained in propensity-matched diabetic and non-diabetic patients. Notably, there was a significant interaction between diabetic or non-diabetic with the therapeutic strategy on MACE (p for interaction = 0.036). CONCLUSIONS: For treatment of CTO, successful CTO-PCI highly reduces the risk of MACE in diabetic patients when compared with medical therapy. However, this does not apply to non-diabetic patients.


Assuntos
Fármacos Cardiovasculares/uso terapêutico , Oclusão Coronária/terapia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Idoso , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , China/epidemiologia , Doença Crônica , Oclusão Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Oclusão Coronária/mortalidade , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/mortalidade , Stents Farmacológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Prevalência , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0235673, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32645029

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study sought to compare clinical outcomes between bioresorbable scaffolds (BRS) and durable polymer everolimus-eluting metallic stents (DP-EES) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) undergoing successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: From March 2016 to October 2017, 952 patients with AMI without cardiogenic shock undergoing successful PCI with BRS (n = 136) or DP-EES (n = 816) were enrolled from a multicenter, observational Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry. RESULTS: In the crude population, there was no significant difference in the 1-year rate of device-oriented composite endpoint (DOCE) and device thrombosis between the BRS and DP-EES groups (2.2% vs. 4.8%, hazard ratio [HR] 0.43, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.13-1.41, p = 0.163; 0.7% vs. 0.5%, HR 1.49, 95% CI 0.16-13.4, p = 0.719, respectively). BRS implantation was opted in younger patients (53.7 vs. 62.6 years, p < 0.001) with low-risk profiles, and intravascular image-guided PCI was more preferred in the BRS group (60.3% vs. 27.2%, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: At 1-year follow-up, no differences in the rate of DOCE and device thrombosis were observed between patients with AMI treated with BRS and those treated with DP-EES. Our data suggest that imaging-guided BRS implantation in young patients with low risk profiles could be a reasonable strategy in the setting of AMI.


Assuntos
Implantes Absorvíveis/efeitos adversos , Stents Farmacológicos/efeitos adversos , Infarto do Miocárdio/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Doença Aguda/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/uso terapêutico , Determinação de Ponto Final , Everolimo/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , República da Coreia , Trombose/etiologia , Tecidos Suporte/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Cardiovasc Toxicol ; 20(5): 443-447, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32729064

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is declared as a pandemic that has spread worldwide, affecting 205 countries. The disease affected 1, 40, 43, 176 individuals and caused 5, 97, 583 deaths around the globe. The organism responsible for the cause of disease is Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2). SARS-CoV-2 enters into the cell via receptors present on the cell surface named angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) receptor. Notwithstanding ACE2 receptors acts as a gateway for infection, and most of the cardiovascular patients are treated with the ACE inhibitors. Thus, the role of ACE inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers may play a critical role in the severity or outcome of disease. Also, the effect of ACE inhibitors varies with the polymorphism in ACE2 receptors present in the individuals. Hence, it is the need of the hour to investigate the mechanisms which could better aid in the treatment of COVID-19-infected cardiovascular disease (CVD) patients.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/uso terapêutico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/metabolismo , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Internalização do Vírus/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/efeitos adversos , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/enzimologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Doenças Cardiovasculares/fisiopatologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/enzimologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Interações entre Hospedeiro e Microrganismos , Humanos , Pandemias , Segurança do Paciente , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/genética , Variantes Farmacogenômicos , Pneumonia Viral/enzimologia , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Polimorfismo Genético , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
17.
Rev Cardiovasc Med ; 21(2): 241-252, 2020 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32706212

RESUMO

Hyperkalemia in heart failure is a condition that can occur with relative frequency because it is related to pathophysiological aspects of the disease, and favored by drugs that form the basis of chronic cardiac failure therapy. Often, associated comorbidities, such as kidney failure or diabetes mellitus can further adversely affect potassium levels. Hyperkalemia can result in acute and even severe clinical manifestations that put patients at risk. On the other hand, the finding of hyperkalemia in a chronic context can lead to a reduction in dosages or to suspension of drugs such as angiotensin-converting enzymes inhibitor, angiotensin receptor blocker, angiotensin receptor neprilysin inhibitor, and mineralcorticoid receptor antagonist, first line in the treatment of the disease, with negative effects in prognostic terms. Therapies for the correction of hyperkalemia have so far mainly concerned the treatment of acute clinical pictures. Newly developed molecules, such as patiromer or sodium zirconium cyclosilicate, now open new prospectives in the long-term management of hyperkalemia, and allow us to glimpse the possibility of a better titration of the cardinal drugs for heart failure, with consequent positive effects on patient prognosis. The aim of this review is to focus on the problem of hyperkalemia in the setting of heart failure, with particular regard to its incidence, its prognostic role, and the underlining pathophysiological mechanisms. The review also provides an overview of therapeutic strategies for correcting hyperkalemia in acute and chronic conditions, with a focus on the new potassium binders that promise to improve management of heart failure.


Assuntos
Fármacos Cardiovasculares/uso terapêutico , Quelantes/uso terapêutico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Hiperpotassemia/tratamento farmacológico , Potássio/sangue , Equilíbrio Hidroeletrolítico/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Quelantes/efeitos adversos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Hiperpotassemia/sangue , Hiperpotassemia/epidemiologia , Hiperpotassemia/fisiopatologia , Incidência , Sistema Renina-Angiotensina/efeitos dos fármacos , Resultado do Tratamento , Regulação para Cima
18.
Cardiovasc Pathol ; 49: 107259, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32692664

RESUMO

Perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT) is a fat tissue deposit that encircles the vasculature. PVAT is traditionally known to protect the vasculature from external stimuli that could cause biological stress. In addition to the protective role of PVAT, it secretes certain biologically active substances known as adipokines that induce paracrine effects on proximate blood vessels. These adipokines influence vascular tones. There are different types of PVAT and they are phenotypically and functionally distinct. These are the white and brown PVATs. Under certain conditions, white PVAT could undergo phenotypic switch to attain a brown PVAT-like phenotype. This type of PVAT is referred to as Beige PVAT. The morphology of adipose tissue is influenced by species, age, and sex. These factors play significant roles in adipose tissue mass, functionality, paracrine activity, and predisposition to vascular diseases. The difficulty that is currently experienced in extrapolating animal models to human physiology could be traceable to these factors. Up till now, the involvement of PVAT in the development of vascular pathology is still not well understood. Brown and white PVAT contribute differently to vascular pathology. Thus, the PVAT could be a therapeutic target in curbing certain vascular diseases. In this review, knowledge would be updated on the multifaceted involvement of PVAT in vascular pathology and also explore its vascular therapeutic potential.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo Bege/patologia , Tecido Adiposo Marrom/patologia , Tecido Adiposo Branco/patologia , Artérias/patologia , Doenças Vasculares/patologia , Adipocinas/metabolismo , Tecido Adiposo Bege/efeitos dos fármacos , Tecido Adiposo Bege/metabolismo , Tecido Adiposo Bege/fisiopatologia , Tecido Adiposo Marrom/efeitos dos fármacos , Tecido Adiposo Marrom/metabolismo , Tecido Adiposo Marrom/fisiopatologia , Tecido Adiposo Branco/efeitos dos fármacos , Tecido Adiposo Branco/metabolismo , Tecido Adiposo Branco/fisiopatologia , Adiposidade , Animais , Artérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Artérias/metabolismo , Artérias/fisiopatologia , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/uso terapêutico , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Comunicação Parácrina , Transdução de Sinais , Doenças Vasculares/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Vasculares/metabolismo , Doenças Vasculares/fisiopatologia
19.
Cardiovasc Ther ; 2020: 7262474, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32695229

RESUMO

Objectives: Several beneficial effects of resveratrol have already been published. This study evaluated the effect of resveratrol on the hemorheological parameters in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction. Methods: In our double-blind, placebo-controlled human clinical trial, we enrolled 60 outpatients with heart failure. Patients were randomized into two groups: receiving either 100 mg resveratrol capsule daily or placebo for 3 months. Hematocrit was determined by microhematocrit centrifuge. Plasma and whole blood viscosity was evaluated by capillary viscometer. Erythrocyte aggregation was measured by both LORCA and Myrenne aggregometers. LORCA ektacytometer was used for measuring erythrocyte deformability. Exercise capacity was assessed by a 6-minute walk test. Results: Resveratrol treatment did not have any significant effect on hematocrit and viscosity. The erythrocyte deformability also remained unchanged. However, significant improvement of red blood cell aggregation was observed in the resveratrol group compared to baseline after 3 months. Furthermore, positive correlation was found between the exercise capacity and the hemorheological properties (Hct, WBV, and RBC aggregation and deformability) as well. Conclusion: These findings indicate that resveratrol can significantly reduce red blood cell aggregation, which may positively influence microcirculation, which may contribute to the improvement of tissue perfusion and oxygen supply in heart failure.


Assuntos
Fármacos Cardiovasculares/uso terapêutico , Agregação Eritrocítica/efeitos dos fármacos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Resveratrol/uso terapêutico , Volume Sistólico/efeitos dos fármacos , Função Ventricular Esquerda/efeitos dos fármacos , Idoso , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Método Duplo-Cego , Tolerância ao Exercício/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Hungria , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resveratrol/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Ther Adv Cardiovasc Dis ; 14: 1753944720934937, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32611276

RESUMO

Ivabradine is a pure heart-rate lowering drug that is nowadays used, accordingly to the last ESC Guidelines, to reduce mortality and heart failure (HF) hospitalization in patients with HF with reduced ejection fraction and in symptomatic patiens with inappropriate sinus tachycardia. Moreover, interesting effect of ivabradine on endothelial and myocardial function and on oxidative stress and inflamation pathways are progressively emerging. The aim of this paper is to highlight newer evidences about ivabradine effect (and consequently possible future application of the drug) in pathological settings different from guidelines-based clinical practice.


Assuntos
Fármacos Cardiovasculares/uso terapêutico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/tratamento farmacológico , Endotélio Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ivabradina/uso terapêutico , Animais , Função Atrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/metabolismo , Doenças Cardiovasculares/fisiopatologia , Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Endotélio Vascular/fisiopatologia , Hemodinâmica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Ivabradina/efeitos adversos , Miócitos Cardíacos/efeitos dos fármacos , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Função Ventricular/efeitos dos fármacos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA