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1.
Chemistry ; 26(8): 1697, 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31922634

RESUMO

Invited for the cover of this issue is the group of Torres at the University of Madrid. The image of the cover of this issue depicts cancer cells being destroyed by reactive singlet oxygen produced by ruthenium phthalocyanine glycoconjugates under red light. The work, developed at the Universities of Madrid, Aveiro, Lisbon and Coimbra, describes ruthenium phthalocyanines as powerful bladder cancer PDT agents. Read the full text of the article at 10.1002/chem.201903546.


Assuntos
Compostos Organometálicos/química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Oxigênio Singlete/metabolismo , Humanos , Compostos Organometálicos/síntese química , Compostos Organometálicos/uso terapêutico , Fotoquimioterapia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/síntese química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/tratamento farmacológico
2.
J Med Chem ; 63(4): 1699-1708, 2020 02 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31967820

RESUMO

Singlet oxygen can severely damage biological tissue, which is exploited in photodynamic therapy (PDT). In PDT, the effective range is limited by the distribution of the photosensitizer (PS) and the illuminated area. However, no distinction is made between healthy and pathological tissue, which can cause undesired damage. This encouraged us to exploit the more acidic pH of cancerous tissue and design pH-controllable singlet oxygen-generating boron-dipyrromethene (BODIPY) dyes. A pH sensitivity of the dyes is achieved by the introduction of an electronically decoupled, photoinduced electron transfer (PET)-capable subunit in meso-position of the BODIPY core. To favor triplet-state formation as required for singlet oxygen generation, iodine substituents were introduced at the chromophore core. The resulting pH-controlled singlet oxygen-generating dyes with pKa values in the physiological range were subsequently assessed regarding their potential as pH-controlled PS for PDT. Using HeLa cells, we could successfully demonstrate markedly different pH-dependent cytotoxicities upon illumination.


Assuntos
Compostos de Boro/farmacologia , Corantes Fluorescentes/farmacologia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Oxigênio Singlete/metabolismo , Compostos de Boro/síntese química , Compostos de Boro/efeitos da radiação , Corantes Fluorescentes/síntese química , Corantes Fluorescentes/efeitos da radiação , Células HeLa , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Luz , Imagem Óptica , Fotoquimioterapia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/síntese química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/efeitos da radiação , Nanomedicina Teranóstica
3.
Eur J Med Chem ; 189: 112049, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31945666

RESUMO

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been developed as a promising therapeutic method in cancer treatment. The discovery of effective photosensitizer, which is the key factor of PDT, is highly desired. This paper reports the synthesis of novel chlorin derivatives, 5,10,15,20-tetraphenyl-[2:3]-[(methoxycarbonyl, carboxy)methano] chlorin I and 5,10,15,20-tetraphenyl-[2:3]- {[methoxycarbonyl, (2-hydroxyethyl)amide]methano}chlorin II. Their structures were characterized with UV-vis, 1HNMR, 13CNMR and HRMS spectroscopies. Photophysical and photochemical experiments results showed that compound I and II had an absorption maximum around 650 nm, with molar extinction coefficients of 1 × 104 M-1 cm-1. They had strong fluorescence emission in 650-660 nm upon excitation with 419-422 nm light. ESR showed that singlet oxygen was produced upon irradiation of compounds with 650 nm light in the presence of molecular oxygen. The photo-bleaching test indicated that the structure of compounds was stable. These new compounds exhibit excellent anti-tumor effects and lower toxicity compared to m-THPC in vitro and in vivo. Compound I and II had high tumor selectivity, which could induced tumor cells shrinkage and necrosis under 650 nm laser irradiation. Flow cytometry revealed that the compounds might mediate PDT effect at late apoptotic phase. These results make these compound I and II promising candidates for future study in photo-diagnosis and photodynamic therapy of cholangiocarcinoma.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/tratamento farmacológico , Colangiocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Porfirinas/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/efeitos da radiação , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Humanos , Luz , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Camundongos Nus , Necrose/induzido quimicamente , Fotoquimioterapia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/síntese química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/efeitos da radiação , Porfirinas/síntese química , Porfirinas/efeitos da radiação , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
4.
J Med Chem ; 63(3): 1245-1260, 2020 02 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31930916

RESUMO

Designing small molecules able to break down G4 structures in mRNA (RG4s) offers an interesting approach to cancer therapy. Here, we have studied cationic porphyrins (CPs) bearing an alkyl chain up to 12 carbons, as they bind to RG4s while generating reactive oxygen species upon photoirradiation. Fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) and confocal microscopy showed that the designed alkyl CPs strongly penetrate cell membranes, binding to KRAS and NRAS mRNAs under low-abundance cell conditions. In Panc-1 cells, alkyl CPs at nanomolar concentrations promote a dramatic downregulation of KRAS and NRAS expression, but only if photoactivated. Alkyl CPs also reduce the metabolic activity of pancreatic cancer cells and the growth of a Panc-1 xenograft in SCID mice. Propidium iodide/annexin assays and caspase 3, caspase 7, and PARP-1 analyses show that these compounds activate apoptosis. All these data demonstrate that the designed alkyl CPs are efficient photosensitizers for the photodynamic therapy of ras-driven cancers.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/tratamento farmacológico , Quadruplex G/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Porfirinas/uso terapêutico , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Sequência de Bases , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , GTP Fosfo-Hidrolases/genética , Genes ras/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Camundongos SCID , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/síntese química , Porfirinas/síntese química , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/genética , RNA/química , RNA/genética , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
5.
J Med Chem ; 63(3): 1328-1336, 2020 02 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31940202

RESUMO

Malignant melanoma is an aggressive skin cancer with poor survival outcomes for patients diagnosed at an advanced stage. While targeted serine/threonine-protein kinase B-Raf (BRAF) and immune checkpoint inhibitors have improved survival outcomes for a proportion of these patients, response rates remain variable. There is a need, therefore, for more effective treatments to bolster the options available for melanoma patients. In this manuscript, we covalently attached Rose Bengal (RB) to the amphipathic peptide (AMP) C(KLAKLAK)2 and determined the effectiveness of the resulting RB-C(KLAKLAK)2 conjugate as a photodynamic therapy (PDT) sensitizer. RB-C(KLAKLAK)2-mediated PDT treatment of subcutaneous B16-F10-Luc2 tumors in C57 mice resulted in lesions that were 479% smaller at the end of the study than animals treated with RB-mediated PDT. The synergistic effect between RB and C(KLAKLAK)2 has been attributed to the AMP sensitizing cells to reactive oxygen species (ROS), making them more susceptible to ROS-induced oxidative stress.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Melanoma/tratamento farmacológico , Peptídeos/uso terapêutico , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Rosa Bengala/análogos & derivados , Rosa Bengala/uso terapêutico , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Camundongos SCID , Necrose/induzido quimicamente , Peptídeos/síntese química , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/síntese química , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
6.
Chemistry ; 26(5): 1091-1102, 2020 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31743947

RESUMO

Spin-orbit charge-transfer intersystem crossing (SOCT-ISC) is useful for the preparation of heavy atom-free triplet photosensitisers (PSs). Herein, a series of perylene-Bodipy compact electron donor/acceptor dyads showing efficient SOCT-ISC is prepared. The photophysical properties of the dyads were studied with steady-state and time-resolved spectroscopies. Efficient triplet state formation (quantum yield ΦT =60 %) was observed, with a triplet state lifetime (τT =436 µs) much longer than that accessed with the conventional heavy atom effect (τT =62 µs). The SOCT-ISC mechanism was unambiguously confirmed by direct excitation of the charge transfer (CT) absorption band by using nanosecond transient absorption spectroscopy and time-resolved electron paramagnetic resonance (TREPR) spectroscopy. The factors affecting the SOCT-ISC efficiency include the geometry, the potential energy surface of the torsion, the spin density for the atoms of the linker, solvent polarity, and the energy matching of the 1 CT/3 LE states. Remarkably, these heavy atom-free triplet PSs were demonstrated as a new type of efficient photodynamic therapy (PDT) reagents (phototoxicity, EC50 =75 nm), with a negligible dark toxicity (EC50 =78.1 µm) compared with the conventional heavy atom PSs (dark toxicity, EC50 =6.0 µm, light toxicity, EC50 =4.0 nm). This study provides in-depth understanding of the SOCT-ISC, unveils the design principles of triplet PSs based on SOCT-ISC, and underlines their application as a new generation of potent PDT reagents.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/síntese química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Desenho de Fármacos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância de Spin Eletrônica , Elétrons , Células HeLa , Humanos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/síntese química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Teoria Quântica , Oxigênio Singlete/química , Oxigênio Singlete/metabolismo , Solventes/química , Marcadores de Spin
7.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 202: 111703, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31810036

RESUMO

Despite the continuous development of medicine, there is still a lack of effective and fully safe protocols for the treatment of neoplastic diseases. The drug-drug conjugates approach seems to give a chance to obtain more efficient molecules. New alkoxy and metronidazole substituted porphyrins were synthesized. Novel porphyrins were purified by flash column chromatography and characterized using NMR, MS, UV-Vis and HPLC. The Nuclear Magnetic Resonance study was performed to annotate experimentally observed 1H NMR and 13C NMR signals of new compounds. The 2D NMR techniques such as 1H-1H COSY (Correlation Spectroscopy), 1H-13C HSQC (Heteronuclear Single Quantum Correlation) and 1H-13C HMBC (Heteronuclear Multiple Bond Correlation) were used for the structure elucidation of the new compounds. In the range of 250-450 nm of the absorption spectra, the Soret band was observed, whereas the Q band was noted in the range of 500-650 nm. Compounds revealed a fluorescence quantum yield in the range 0.03-0.12. Singlet oxygen generation quantum yields up to 0.54 were determined. Electrochemical properties has also been studied. It has been noticed electropolymerization of compound bearing 5-nitroimidazole substituents. The photodynamic activity of the studied porphyrins against A549 and HEK001/HPV16 cancer cells were examined. The most active against A549 and HEK 001/HPV16 was light-excited trioxanonylporphyrin with the values of IC50 equal to 0.49 µM and 50 nM respectively.


Assuntos
Nitroimidazóis/química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Porfirinas/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Humanos , Luz , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/síntese química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Porfirinas/síntese química , Porfirinas/farmacologia , Oxigênio Singlete/química , Oxigênio Singlete/metabolismo
8.
Inorg Chem ; 59(1): 913-924, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31825210

RESUMO

The ruthenium(II) complexes [RuCl(L1)(L3)]Cl (1), [RuCl(L1)(L4)]Cl (2), [RuCl(L2)(L4)]Cl (3), [RuCl(L1)(L5)]Cl (4), and [RuCl(L2)(L5)]Cl (5) of NNN-donor dipicolylamine (dpa) bases (L4, L5) having BODIPY (boron-dipyrromethene) moieties, NN-donor phenanthroline derivatives (L1, L2), and benzyldipicolylamine (bzdpa, L3) were prepared and characterized by spectroscopic techniques and their cellular localization/uptake and photocytotoxicity studied. Complex 1, as its PF6 salt (1a), has been structurally characterized with help of a single-crystal X-ray diffraction technique. It has a RuN5Cl core with the Cl bonded trans to the amine nitrogen atom of bzdpa. The complexes showed intense absorption spectral bands near 500 nm (ε ≈ 58000 M-1 cm-1) in 2 and 3 and 654 nm (ε ≈ 80000 M-1 cm-1) in 4 and 5 in 1/1 DMSO/DPBS (v/v). Complex 5 having biotin and PEGylated-disteryl BODIPY gave a singlet oxygen quantum yield (ΦΔ) of ∼0.65 in DMSO. Complex 5 exhibited remarkable PDT (photodynamic therapy) activity (IC50 ≈ 0.02 µM) with a photocytotoxicity index (PI) value of >5000 in red light of 600-720 nm in A549 cancer cells. The biotin-conjugated complexes showed better photocytotoxicity in comparison to nonbiotinylated analogues in A549 cells. The complexes displayed less toxicity in HPL1D normal cells in comparison to A549 cancer cells. The emissive BODIPY complexes 3 and 5 (ΦF ≈ 0.07 in DMSO) showed significant mitochondrial localization.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Complexos de Coordenação/farmacologia , Luz , Fotoquimioterapia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Células A549 , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Biotina/química , Biotina/farmacologia , Boro/química , Boro/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Complexos de Coordenação/síntese química , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Clivagem do DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Teoria da Densidade Funcional , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Imagem Óptica , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/síntese química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Porfobilinogênio/análogos & derivados , Porfobilinogênio/química , Porfobilinogênio/farmacologia , Rutênio/química , Rutênio/farmacologia
9.
Chemistry ; 26(8): 1789-1799, 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31605633

RESUMO

The synthesis of ruthenium(II) phthalocyanines (RuPcs) endowed with one carbohydrate unit-that is, glucose, galactose and mannose-and a dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) ligand at the two axial coordination sites, respectively, is described. Two series of compounds, one unsubstituted at the periphery, and the other one bearing eight PEG chains at the isoindole meta-positions, have been prepared. The presence of the axial DMSO unit significantly increases the phthalocyanine singlet oxygen quantum yields, related to other comparable RuPcs. The compounds have been evaluated for PDT treatment in bladder cancer cells. In vitro studies have revealed high phototoxicity for RuPcs unsubstituted at their periphery. The phototoxicity of PEG-substituted RuPcs has been considerably improved by repeated light irradiation. The choice of the axial carbohydrate introduced little differences in the cellular uptake for both series of photosensitizers, but the phototoxic effects were considerably higher for compounds bearing mannose units.


Assuntos
Compostos Organometálicos/química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/síntese química , Oxigênio Singlete/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Luz , Compostos Organometálicos/síntese química , Compostos Organometálicos/farmacologia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Espectrofotometria , Bexiga Urinária/efeitos dos fármacos , Bexiga Urinária/metabolismo
10.
J Inorg Biochem ; 202: 110817, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706182

RESUMO

Cis-dichloro-oxovanadium(IV) complexes [VO(L1/L2)Cl2], where L1 is N-(4-(5,5-difluoro-1,3,7,9-tetramethyl-5H-4ʎ4,5ʎ4-dipyrrolo[1,2-c:2',1'-f][1,3,2]diazaborinin-10-yl)benzyl)-1-(pyridin-2-yl)-N-(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)methanamine in 1 and L2 is N-(4-(5,5-difluoro-2,8-diiodo-1,3,7,9-tetramethyl-5H-4ʎ4,5ʎ4-dipyrrolo[1,2-c:2',1'-f][1,3,2]diazaborinin-10-yl)benzyl)-1-(pyridin-2-yl)-N-(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)methanamine in 2) having 4,4-difluoro-4-bora-3a,4a-diaza-s-indacene as boron-dipyrromethene (BODIPY) appended dipicolylamine bases were prepared, characterized and their photocytotoxicity studied. X-ray crystal structure of 1 showed distorted octahedral geometry with a VIVON3Cl2 core having Cl-V-Cl angle of 91.93(4)°. The complexes showed variable solution conductivity properties. They were non-electrolytes in dry DMF at 25 °C but showed 1:1 electrolytic behavior in an aqueous medium due to dissociation of one chloride ligand as evidenced from the mass spectral study. Complexes 1 and 2 showed absorption bands at 500 and 535 nm, respectively. The calf thymus DNA melting study revealed their interaction through DNA crosslinking on exposure to light which was further confirmed from the alkaline agarose gel electrophoresis using plasmid supercoiled pUC19 DNA. Complex 2 showed disruption of the mitochondrial membrane potential in the JC-1 (1,1',3,3'-tetraethyl-5,5',6,6'-tetrachloroimidacarbocyanine iodide) assay. The complexes were photocytotoxic in visible light (400-700 nm, power: 10 J cm-2) in cervical cancer HeLa and breast cancer MCF-7 cells. Complex 2 having a photoactive diiodo­boron-dipyrromethene moiety gave a singlet oxygen quantum yield (ΦΔ) value of ~0.6. It showed singlet oxygen mediated apoptotic photodynamic therapy activity with remarkably low IC50 (half maximal inhibitory concentration) value of ~0.15 µM. The cis-disposition of chlorides gave a cis-divacant 4-coordinate intermediate structure from the density functional theory (DFT) study thus mimicking the DNA crosslinking property of cisplatin.


Assuntos
Compostos de Boro , Citotoxinas , DNA , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes , Porfobilinogênio/análogos & derivados , Vanadatos , Boro/química , Boro/farmacologia , Compostos de Boro/síntese química , Compostos de Boro/química , Compostos de Boro/farmacologia , Cristalografia por Raios X , Citotoxinas/síntese química , Citotoxinas/química , Citotoxinas/farmacologia , DNA/química , DNA/metabolismo , Células HeLa , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/síntese química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Porfobilinogênio/síntese química , Porfobilinogênio/química , Porfobilinogênio/farmacologia , Vanadatos/química , Vanadatos/farmacologia
11.
Eur J Med Chem ; 187: 111959, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31846830

RESUMO

Chlorophyll a exhibits excellent photosensitive activity in photosynthesis. The unstability limited its application as photoensitizer drug in photodynamic therapy. Here a series of novel chlorophyll a degradation products pyropheophorbide-a derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for lung cancer in PDT. These compounds have strong absorption in 660-670 nm with high molar extinction coefficient, and fluorescence emission in 660-675 nm upon excitation with 410-415 nm light. They all have much higher ROS yields than pyropheophorbide-a, and compound 10 was even higher than [3-(1-hexyloxyethyl)]-pyrophoeophorbide a (HPPH). Distinctive phototoxicity was observed in vitro and the inhibition effect was in light dose-dependent and drug dose-dependent style. They can effectively inhibit the growth of lung tumor in vivo. Among them, compound 8 and 11 have outstanding photodynamic anti-tumor effects without obvious skin photo-toxicity, so they can act as new drug candidates for photodynamic therapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Clorofila A/farmacologia , Fotoquimioterapia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Células A549 , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Clorofila A/síntese química , Clorofila A/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Imagem Óptica , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/síntese química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
12.
Eur J Med Chem ; 187: 111957, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31864170

RESUMO

Herein, we report the synthesis and characterization of new amphiphilic phthalocyanines (Pcs), the study of their singlet oxygen generation capabilities, and biological assays to determine their potential as photosensitizers for photodynamic inactivation of bacteria. In particular, Pcs with an ABAB geometry (where A and B refer to differently substituted isoindole constituents) have been synthesized. These molecules are endowed with bulky bis(trifluoromethylphenyl) groups in two facing isoindoles, which hinder aggregation and favour singlet oxygen generation, and pyridinium or alkylammonium moieties in the other two isoindoles. In particular, two water-soluble Pc derivatives (PS-1 and PS-2) have proved to be efficient in the photoinactivation of S. aureus and E. coli, selected as models of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Flúor/farmacologia , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/efeitos dos fármacos , Indóis/farmacologia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/síntese química , Antibacterianos/química , Cátions/química , Cátions/farmacologia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Flúor/química , Indóis/química , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Estrutura Molecular , Fotoquimioterapia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/síntese química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
13.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(7): 1078-1081, 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872834

RESUMO

A boron dipyrromethene based photosensitiser substituted with a 1,2,4,5-tetrazine moiety has been prepared of which the photoactivity can be activated upon an inverse-electron-demand Diels-Alder reaction with trans-cyclooctene derivatives. By using a biotin-conjugated trans-cyclooctene to tag the biotin-receptor-positive HeLa cells, this photosensitiser exhibits site-specific activation through cycloaddition, leading to high photocytotoxicity.


Assuntos
Compostos de Boro/farmacologia , Compostos Heterocíclicos com 1 Anel/farmacologia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/efeitos da radiação , Biotina/análogos & derivados , Biotina/síntese química , Biotina/farmacologia , Compostos de Boro/síntese química , Compostos de Boro/efeitos da radiação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Reação de Cicloadição , Ciclo-Octanos/síntese química , Ciclo-Octanos/química , Ciclo-Octanos/farmacologia , Compostos Heterocíclicos com 1 Anel/síntese química , Compostos Heterocíclicos com 1 Anel/efeitos da radiação , Humanos , Luz , Fotoquimioterapia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/síntese química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/efeitos da radiação , Oxigênio Singlete/metabolismo
14.
Molecules ; 24(24)2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31817289

RESUMO

A triol-functionalized 2,2'-bipyridine (bpy) derivative has been synthesized and used for the tris-alkoxylation of polyoxometalate (POM) precursors. The resultant POM-bpy conjugates of the Wells-Dawson- and Anderson-type feature a C-C bond as a linkage between the POM and bpy fragments. This structural motif is expected to increase the hydrolytic stability of the compounds. This is of particular relevance with respect to the application of POM-bpy metal complexes, as photocatalysts, in the hydrogen-evolution reaction (HER) in an aqueous environment. Accordingly, Rh(III) and Ir(III) complexes of the POM-bpy ligands have been prepared and characterized. These catalyst-photosensitizer dyads have been analyzed with respect to their electrochemical and photophysical properties. Cyclic and square-wave voltammetry, as well as UV/vis absorption and emission spectroscopy, indicated a negligible electronic interaction of the POM and metal-complex subunits in the ground state. However, emission-quenching experiments suggested an efficient intramolecular electron-transfer process from the photo-excited metal centers to the POM units to account for the non-emissive nature of the dyads (thus, suggesting a strong interaction of the subunits in the excited state). In-depth photophysical investigations, as well as a functional characterization, i.e., the applicability in the HER reaction, are currently ongoing.


Assuntos
2,2'-Dipiridil/farmacologia , Complexos de Coordenação/farmacologia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Compostos de Tungstênio/farmacologia , Teoria da Densidade Funcional , Eletroquímica , Conformação Molecular , Oxirredução , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/síntese química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética , Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta , Compostos de Tungstênio/síntese química , Compostos de Tungstênio/química
15.
Dalton Trans ; 48(47): 17556-17565, 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31748772

RESUMO

Mixed-ligand platinum(ii) complexes, [Pt(phen)(pacac)](NO3) (1), [Pt(phen)(cur)](NO3) (2), [Pt(bt-phen)(cur)](NO3) (3) and [Pt(phen)(scur)](NO3) (4), where phen is 1,10-phenanthroline, bt-phen is 5-biotin-1,10-phenanthroline, pacac is 1,3-diphenyl-1,3-propanedioate anion, Hcur is curcumin and Hscur is diglucosylcurcumin, were prepared, characterized and their anticancer activity studied. Complexes 2-4 showed absorption bands within 410-430 nm (ε, 2.1 × 104 to 2.8 × 104 M-1 cm-1) in 10% DMSO-DPBS (Dulbecco's phosphate-buffered saline) and emission bands near 530 nm (λex = 410-430 nm) with a fluorescence quantum yield (ΦF) value of ∼0.02. The curcumin complexes showed stability over a study period of 48 h. The photocytotoxicity was studied using human cervical HeLa, human liver HepG2, human breast cancer MDA-MB 231 and human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cancer cells along with human immortalized lung epithelial HPL1D as normal cells. Complexes 2-4 showed apoptotic photo-induced cell death in light of wavelength 400-700 nm (IC50, half maximal inhibitory concentration: 6-28 µM) by reactive oxygen species (ROS), while remaining inactive in the dark (IC50: 43-95 µM). The selectivity of the complexes 3 and 4 was enhanced significantly towards the cancer cells than towards the normal cells, thus making them targeted photochemotherapeutic agents. The ROS formation and mode of cell death were studied from 2',7'-dichlorofluorescein diacetate (DCFDA) and annexin-V/FITC (fluorescein isothiocyanate)-PI assays, respectively. Preferential nuclear and mitochondrial localization was evidenced from inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) studies.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Curcumina/química , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Glucose/química , Compostos Organoplatínicos/farmacologia , Fenantrolinas/química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Biotinilação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cristalografia por Raios X , Teoria da Densidade Funcional , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Organoplatínicos/síntese química , Compostos Organoplatínicos/química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/síntese química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
16.
Dalton Trans ; 48(45): 16861-16868, 2019 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31710076

RESUMO

The efficiency of photosensitizers in tumor photodynamic therapy (PDT) often compromises their poor water solubility, low extinction coefficients, photobleaching, and dissatisfactory reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation efficiency. Herein, a nanoscale 2D metal-organic framework, Sm-H2TCPP nanosheets, was first synthesized by Sm3+-driven coordination with a porphyrin derivative (tetrakis(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin (H2TCPP)) for highly effective PDT of breast cancer. The prepared Sm-H2TCPP possessed nanoplate morphology with ultrathin thickness at the sub-10 nm level and an ultrasmall plane size at the sub-100 nm level. Compared with free H2TCPP, the prominent ROS generation capacity of the well-defined Sm-H2TCPP nanosheets is mainly attributed to their improved physicochemical properties and the enhanced intersystem crossing caused by heavy Sm nodes. The significantly improved PDT efficacy of the Sm-H2TCPP nanosheets was further investigated in vitro and in vivo based on the MCF-7 breast cancer model. It is envisaged that the Sm-H2TCPP nanosheets will offer a new avenue for the development of a new class of potential PDT agents.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/farmacologia , Metaloporfirinas/farmacologia , Nanopartículas/química , Fotoquimioterapia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Feminino , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/síntese química , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Metaloporfirinas/síntese química , Metaloporfirinas/química , Tamanho da Partícula , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/síntese química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Propriedades de Superfície
17.
Dalton Trans ; 48(45): 16848-16852, 2019 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31687718

RESUMO

Fe-p-aminophenol (Fe-PAP) nanoparticles, a newly developed photothermal agent (PTA), were successfully synthesized via a one-pot method at room temperature. The resultant product exhibited good photothermal effect with a photothermal conversion efficiency of 36%. In vitro and in vivo evaluation demonstrated that Fe-PAP was an effective PTA for photothermal therapy (PTT).


Assuntos
Aminofenóis/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Ferro/farmacologia , Nanopartículas/química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Fototerapia , Aminofenóis/química , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Células HeLa , Humanos , Ferro/química , Camundongos , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Tamanho da Partícula , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/síntese química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Propriedades de Superfície
18.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(90): 13542-13545, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31647067
19.
Photochem Photobiol Sci ; 18(11): 2792-2803, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626259

RESUMO

We report the first exocyclically metallated tetrapyridinoporphyrazine, [tetrakis-(trans-Pt(NH3)2Cl)-tetra(3,4-pyrido)porphyrazine-zinc(ii)](NO3)4 (4), synthesized in a multistep synthesis starting from 3,4-pyridinedicarbonitrile (1). The synthetic procedure involved a platination reaction of the intermediate tetra(3,4-pyrido)porphyrazine-zinc(ii) (2), whereby the zinc(ii) enhanced the solubility of the intermediate enabling the platination reaction. A similar approach to synthesize [tetrakis-(trans-Pt(NH3)2Cl)-tetra(3,4-pyrido)porphyrazine](NO3)4 (5) failed due to the unsuitable solubility properties of the intermediate tetra(3,4-pyrido)porphyrazine (3). The final product 4 and the intermediates were characterized, the photochemical and photophysical properties were determined and the photocytotoxicities were investigated. We demonstrate that the platinated tetra-pyridinoporphyrazine 4 is a potential photosensitizer for photodynamic therapy (PDT).


Assuntos
Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Porfirinas/química , Zinco/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Luz , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/patologia , Fotoquimioterapia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/síntese química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Porfirinas/síntese química , Porfirinas/farmacologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Estereoisomerismo
20.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(90): 13518-13521, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31608902

RESUMO

A distyryl boron dipyrromethene based photosensitiser substituted with 1,2,4,5-tetrazine and alkyne moieties was prepared. Through site-specific bioorthogonal reactions with the complementary functional tags anchored on the membrane of A431 human epidermoid carcinoma cells, this versatile photosensitiser exhibited enhanced cellular uptake and photocytotoxicity. The bioorthogonal ligation was also demonstrated in tumour-bearing nude mice.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Compostos de Boro/farmacologia , Fotoquimioterapia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Porfobilinogênio/análogos & derivados , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Compostos de Boro/síntese química , Compostos de Boro/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Imagem Óptica , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/síntese química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Porfobilinogênio/síntese química , Porfobilinogênio/química , Porfobilinogênio/farmacologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/análise , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
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