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1.
Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech ; 87(1): 48-51, 2020.
Artigo em Tcheco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32131971

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF THE STUDY Our experimental study presents a set of bone grafts harvested by a minimally invasive procedure from selected deceased donors. Our objective was to compare the concentration of red bone marrow in the cancellous bone harvested in this way from selected regions with the reference harvesting from the iliac crest. Thus, the potential of grafts to heal complicated fractures or non-unions is assessed. MATERIAL AND METHODS The Hospital Department of Pathology provided 10 cadaver preparations - 7 male and 3 female for the experiment. In the process of selection, the age limit was 18-50 years, the other exclusion criteria were severe injuries and burning to death as mechanisms affecting the condition of the skeletal system, bone diseases except for osteoporosis, and malignant diseases. From each preparation, a total of 12 samples of cancellous bone tissue were harvested from pre-defined 6 harvest sites bilaterally - proximal humerus, proximal ulna, greater trochanter of proximal femur, distal femur, proximal tibia and from the reference region of the iliac wing. The grafts were harvested using a 10 mm bone cutter. In total, 120 samples of cancellous bone of the determined diameter and uniform length of 30 mm were obtained. The obtained preparations were laboratory processed, fixed, decalcified and hematoxylin-eosin stained. The samples were assessed microscopically. The share of the bone tissue and cancellous bone was expressed as a percentage. Determined as a healing potential parameter was the concentration of red bone marrow and its ratio to the yellow bone marrow was stated. The hypothesis was tested using the ANOVA analysis of variance. RESULTS The highest concentration of red bone marrow was observed in cancellous grafts harvested from the iliac wing with 34.95%, followed by greater trochanter of proximal femur with 31.7%, distal femur with 26.9% and proximal humerus with 21.9%. Its concentration was negligible in proximal tibia with 2.55% and proximal ulna with 0.15%. By ANOVA statistical method the values of reference samples from the iliac wing and greater trochanter of the femur, distal femur and proximal humerus were compared. The differences are not statistically significant - P 0.60, 0.48 and 0.34 (p < 0.05). No significant differences were found in the concentration of red bone marrow. Statistically compared were also the values of reference samples from the iliac wing and proximal tibia, proximal ulna. This difference is statistically significant - P 0.0008 and 0.0002 (p <0.05). Thus, the difference in the concentration of red bone marrow is obvious. DISCUSSION The aforementioned results suggest that the greatest potential to heal will be achieved with the use of bone grafts from the iliac wing region, followed by greater trochanter of the femur, distal femur and proximal humerus. When testing the hypothesis by the ANOVA method, the detected differences between the selected harvest regions are not statistically significant. Therefore, the iliac wing grafts can be used in practice just as the material from greater trochanter of the femur, distal femur or proximal humerus, which is of equal quality. The other regions, proximal tibia and ulna, contain only minimum concentration of red bone marrow. CONCLUSIONS The experimental study comparing the concentration of red bone marrow in grafts harvested using a minimally invasive procedure from the region of greater trochanter, distal femur and proximal humerus concluded that these samples are comparable with the grafts from the iliac wing. The grafts harvested from proximal tibia and proximal ulna show only negligible concentration of red bone marrow and their use in clinical practice is disputable. The benefits of our experimental study for treatment shall be further evaluated in a clinical study. Key words: bone marrow, stem cells, bone healing/orthobiologics, new technology assessment, autograft harvesting.


Assuntos
Transplante de Medula Óssea , Transplante Ósseo , Osso Esponjoso , Ílio , Animais , Osso Esponjoso/transplante , Feminino , Fêmur , Masculino , Tíbia
2.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(3): 285-292, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32114815

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical results of operative intervention for femoral metastases which were selected based on expected survival and to discuss appropriate surgical strategies. METHODS: From 2002 to 2017, 148 consecutive patients undergoing surgery for femoral metastasis were included in this study. Prognostic risk assessments were performed according to the Katagiri and revised Katagiri scoring system. In general, the low-risk group underwent resection and reconstruction with endoprosthetic replacement (EPR), while the high-risk group underwent internal fixation (IF) and radiation therapy. For the intermediate-risk group, the operative choice depended on the patient's condition, degree of bone destruction, and radio-sensitivity. Overall survival, local failure, walking ability, and systemic complications were evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 83 patients underwent EPR (low-risk, 23%; intermediate-risk, 60%; high-risk, 17%) and 65 patients underwent IF (low-risk, 0%; intermediate-risk, 32%; high-risk, 68%). The one-year survival rate was 71% for EPR and 15% for IF (p < 0.001). The one-year local failure-free survival was 93% for EPR and 67% for IF, and the two-year and five-year local failure-free survival for EPR were both 88% (p = 0.016). Although the ambulatory rate was 99% for EPR and 60% for IF, the median time to ambulation was shorter in the IF (EPR, 28 days, interquartile range (IQR) 25 to 35; IF, 23 days, IQR 18 to 28; p < 0.001) The cause of non ambulation was mainly due to progression of cancer (89%). The rate of systemic complications was comparable between the two groups (EPR, 18%; IF, 22%; p = 0.598). CONCLUSION: Selective use of EPR where survival is expected to be good offers correspondingly good long-term results. IF is less invasive with shorter treatment period, which is beneficial for patients with short-term expected survival. Prognosis is an important indicator in selecting operative procedures for femoral metastasis. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(3):285-292.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/cirurgia , Fêmur , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Idoso , Neoplasias Ósseas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Fatores de Tempo
3.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 45(1): 57-61, 2020 Jan 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32144910

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The present study is to investigate the characteristic distribution of primary pain points and referred pain areas in patients with knee-joint pain diseases, therefore revealing the correlation between the myofascial trigger point and acupoint sensitization. METHODS: A total of 483 patients (320 men and 163 women, 36 to 72 years in age) with knee-joint pain recruited from 4 clinical centers were observed from July, 2017 to April, 2019 in the present study. The areas of primary and referred pain in these patients were detected by thumb-pressing and marked on human anatomic atlas. RESULTS: Of the 483 enrolled participants, 336 had lesion sites or tender points around the injured knee joint, and 147 with myofascial pain syndrome showed referred pain spots (zones) in the knee joint area. In 105 patients with patellar tendonitis, epiphysitis of the tibial tubero-sity, or quadriceps tendonitis, the pain area was mainly distributed in the anterior region of the knee. In 76 patients with medial collateral ligament injury, medial meniscal lesion, goose foot bursitis or semimembranosus ending-point inflammation, the pain points mainly occurred in the medial area of the knee. In 127 patients with lateral collateral ligament, lateral meniscus lesion, iliotibial band tendonitis, popliteus or triceps tendinitis, the pain spots were found in the lateral region of the knee. In 28 patients with posterior cruciate ligament injury or popliteal fossa tendonitis, the local pain was found to be at the back of the knee. Referred pain areas were normally detected in the lateral femoral muscles (43 cases), anterior femoral muscles (39 cases), adductor group of femur (26 cases), posterior popliteal fossa muscles group (15 cases), hamstrings (13 cases) and medial leg (11 cases).. CONCLUSION: The primary pain areas or spots of the knee injury mainly distribute around the joint, whereas those of each muscle group lesion are often located in their respective skeletal muscle. Most of the referred pain areas often occur in the distal end of skeletal muscle and around the knee joint. Primary myofascial trigger points may be considered to be an indicator of acupoint sensitization.


Assuntos
Pontos de Acupuntura , Pontos-Gatilho , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Fêmur , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tíbia
4.
Orthopade ; 49(2): 123-132, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32006053

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tumourous destruction of the periacetabular region and the proximal femur is a typical consequence of either primary malignant bone tumour manifestation or skeletal metastatic diseases. Pathological fractures of the proximal femur and periacetabular regions due to primary manifestation or metastatic disorders are frequent. OBJECTIVES: Presentation of the most common complications of tumour endoprostheses at the hip and a description of management strategies, including therapeutic recommendations and concepts for complication avoidance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The current knowledge and our own experience of complication management with the use of megaprostheses around the hip are presented. RESULTS: Compared to elective/primary total hip arthroplasty, megaprosthetic reconstructions following tumour resections have an increased rate of postoperative deep infections, dislocations, incidence of pathological and periprosthetic fractures and of deep vein thrombosis. The postoperative mortality and local tumour recurrence along with deep infections represent the most serious complications. CONCLUSIONS: In comparison to primary arthroplasty, the risk of failure and complications following tumour-endoprosthetic replacement is increased. Precise surgical planning and careful selection and preoperative preparation of suitable patients should be performed in close interdisciplinary cooperation with final decision-making on an interdisciplinary tumour board. Wide resection and advanced reconstruction, as well as complicated palliative stabilization due to malignant bone tumour growth around the hip joint should be performed in musculoskeletal tumour centres with profound expertise in osteosynthetic and endoprosthetic reconstruction and consecutive complication management of the pelvis and the proximal femur.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Neoplasias Ósseas , Fraturas Periprotéticas , Fêmur , Articulação do Quadril , Humanos , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(2): 191-197, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32009430

RESUMO

AIMS: Although good clinical outcomes have been reported for monolithic tapered, fluted, titanium stems (TFTS), early results showed high rates of subsidence. Advances in stem design may mitigate these concerns. This study reports on the use of a current monolithic TFTS for a variety of indications. METHODS: A multi-institutional retrospective study of all consecutive total hip arthroplasty (THA) and revision total hip arthroplasty (rTHA) patients who received the monolithic TFTS was conducted. Surgery was performed by eight fellowship-trained arthroplasty surgeons at four institutions. A total of 157 hips in 153 patients at a mean follow-up of 11.6 months (SD7.8) were included. Mean patient age at the time of surgery was 67.4 years (SD 13.3) and mean body mass index (BMI) was 28.9 kg/m2 (SD 6.5). Outcomes included intraoperative complications, one-year all-cause re-revisions, and subsidence at postoperative time intervals (two weeks, six weeks, six months, nine months, and one year). RESULTS: There were eight intraoperative complications (4.9%), six of which were intraoperative fractures; none occurred during stem insertion. Six hips (3.7%) underwent re-revision within one year; only one procedure involved removal of the prosthesis due to infection. Mean total subsidence at latest follow-up was 1.64 mm (SD 2.47). Overall, 17 of 144 stems (11.8%) on which measurements could be performed had >5 mm of subsidence, and 3/144 (2.1%) had >10 mm of subsidence within one year. A univariate regression analysis found that additional subsidence after three months was minimal. A multivariate regression analysis found that subsidence was not significantly associated with periprosthetic fracture as an indication for surgery, the presence of an extended trochanteric osteotomy (ETO), Paprosky classification of femoral bone loss, stem length, or type of procedure performed (i.e. full revision vs conversion/primary). CONCLUSION: Advances in implant design, improved trials, a range of stem lengths and diameters, and high offset options mitigate concerns of early subsidence and dislocation with monolithic TFTS, making them a valuable option for femoral revision. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(2):191-197.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/instrumentação , Articulação do Quadril/cirurgia , Prótese de Quadril , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Materiais Biocompatíveis , Fêmur/fisiopatologia , Fêmur/cirurgia , Articulação do Quadril/fisiopatologia , Prótese de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osseointegração , Desenho de Prótese , Reoperação/instrumentação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Titânio , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(2): 170-176, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32009432

RESUMO

AIMS: We aimed to examine the long-term mechanical survivorship, describe the modes of all-cause failure, and identify risk factors for mechanical failure of all-polyethylene tibial components in endoprosthetic reconstruction. METHODS: This is a retrospective database review of consecutive endoprosthetic reconstructions performed for oncological indications between 1980 and 2019. Patients with all-polyethylene tibial components were isolated and analyzed for revision for mechanical failure. Outcomes included survival of the all-polyethylene tibial component, revision surgery categorized according to the Henderson Failure Mode Classification, and complications and functional outcome, as assessed by the Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) score at the final follow-up. RESULTS: A total of 278 patients were identified with 289 all-polyethylene tibial components. Mechanical survival was 98.4%, 91.1%, and 85.2% at five, ten and 15 years, respectively. A total of 15 mechanical failures were identified at the final follow-up. Of the 13 all-polyethylene tibial components used for revision of a previous tibial component, five (38.5%) failed mechanically. Younger patients (< 18 years vs > 18 years; p = 0.005) and those used as revision components (p < 0.001) had significantly increased rates of failure. Multivariate logistic regression modelling showed revision status to be a positive risk factor for failure (odds ratio (OR) 19.498, 95% confidence interval (CI) 4.598 to 82.676) and increasing age was a negative risk factor for failure (OR 0.927, 95% CI 0.872 to 0.987). Age-stratified risk analysis showed that age > 24 years was no longer a statistically significant risk factor for failure. The final mean MSTS score for all patients was 89% (8.5% to 100.0%). CONCLUSION: The long-term mechanical survivorship of all-polyethylene tibial components when used for tumour endoprostheses was excellent. Tumour surgeons should consider using these components for their durability and the secondary benefits of reduced cost and ease of removal and revision. However, caution should be taken when using all-polyethylene tibial components in the revision setting as a significantly higher rate of mechanical failure was seen in this group of patients. Cite this article: Bone Joint J. 2020;102-B(2):170-176.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/cirurgia , Fêmur/cirurgia , Próteses e Implantes/efeitos adversos , Implantação de Prótese/efeitos adversos , Tíbia/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Materiais Biocompatíveis , Criança , Análise de Falha de Equipamento , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polietileno , Desenho de Prótese , Falha de Prótese/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(3): e18784, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32011474

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Allograft-prosthetic composites (APCs) and proximal femoral replacement have been applied for reconstruction of severe segmental femoral bone loss in revision total hip arthroplasty. The outcomes are encouraging but the complication rate is relatively high. Considering the high complication rates and mixed results of APCs and megaprosthesis, we presented a case using personalized 3D printed Titanium sleeve-prosthetic composite for reconstruction of segmental bone defect. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 73-year-old woman presented to the emergency department on account of acute severe pain of the left hip without history of trauma. She had undergone a cemented total hip arthroplasty for osteonecrosis of femoral head at the left side in 2000. In 2013 she underwent a cemented revision total hip arthroplasty as a result of aseptic loosening of hip prosthesis. She denied obvious discomfort prior to this episode since the revision surgery in 2013. DIAGNOSIS: According to the clinical history, imaging and physical examination, we confirmed the diagnosis of severe segmental bone loss of proximal femur and fracture of prosthetic stem. The femoral bone defect was evaluated using the Paprosky classification system and rated as Type 3B, and the acetabular bone defect was rated as Type 2C. INTERVENTIONS: In this study, we present the first case of severe segmental bone loss of proximal femur in revision total hip arthroplasty that was successfully treated using personalized 3D printed Titanium sleeve-prosthetic composite OUTCOMES:: At the 2-year follow-up, the patient was symptom free with a Harris Hip Score of 91. Radiographs showed excellent osteointegration between the interface of sleeve-prosthetic composite and the host bone, with no signs of implant loosening or subsidence. LESSONS: Despite the absence of long term results of 3D printed Titanium sleeve-prosthetic composite reconstruction, the good clinical and radiological outcome at 2 years follow up implied its potential role for reconstruction of segmental femoral bone defect in revision THA.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Doenças Ósseas/cirurgia , Prótese de Quadril , Medicina de Precisão , Impressão Tridimensional , Desenho de Prótese/métodos , Idoso , Doenças Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Fêmur , Humanos , Medicina de Precisão/métodos , Falha de Prótese , Reoperação , Titânio
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(3): e18425, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32011435

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Hypophosphatemic rickets (HR) is a rare hereditary disease characterized by hypophosphatemia, defects in bone mineralization, and rickets, and surgical intervention is warranted for the patient of severe skeletal deformity. PATIENT CONCERNS: Here we report a case of an 11-year-old boy who presented with severe varus deformities of the bilateral lower extremities and was associated with uncoordinated gait with multiple unintentional falls onto ground resulting in fractures of lower extremities. DIAGNOSES: He was diagnosed as HR caused by genetic mutations in the phosphate-regulating endopeptidase homologue. Based on his family history and laboratory tests, including high serum alkaline phosphatase, high urinary phosphorus, hypophosphatemia, and normal serum calcium level, the patient was diagnosed with this disorder. INTERVENTIONS: Rotational and translational osteotomy was performed to redress the severe varus deformity and readjust the malalignment of the lower extremity. OUTCOMES: Right after the surgery, the alignment in the left lower extremity was readjusted, and his appearance seemed normal. Combined with rehabilitation and pharmacological intervention, including oral intake of phosphate and alphacalcidol, the bone healed uneventfully. After the second surgery of a similar procedure on the right femur, the patient was able to walk almost like a normal teenager. LESSONS: This case proposed a novel technique to treat severe varus or valgus deformity of the lower extremity. HR is a rare disease, and it is important to stress its recognition to avoid delay of diagnosis and surgical intervention if necessary.


Assuntos
Raquitismo Hipofosfatêmico Familiar/diagnóstico , Raquitismo Hipofosfatêmico Familiar/terapia , Criança , Fêmur/cirurgia , Humanos , Hidroxicolecalciferóis/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Osteotomia/métodos , Fosfatos/administração & dosagem
9.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(2): 162-169, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32009427

RESUMO

AIMS: Osseointegrated prosthetic limbs allow better mobility than socket-mounted prosthetics for lower limb amputees. Fractures, however, can occur in the residual limb, but they have rarely been reported. Approximately 2% to 3% of amputees with socket-mounted prostheses may fracture within five years. This is the first study which directly addresses the risks and management of periprosthetic osseointegration fractures in amputees. METHODS: A retrospective review identified 518 osseointegration procedures which were undertaken in 458 patients between 2010 and 2018 for whom complete medical records were available. Potential risk factors including time since amputation, age at osseointegration, bone density, weight, uni/bilateral implantation and sex were evaluated with multiple logistic regression. The mechanism of injury, technique and implant that was used for fixation of the fracture, pre-osseointegration and post fracture mobility (assessed using the K-level) and the time that the prosthesis was worn for in hours/day were also assessed. RESULTS: There were 22 periprosthetic fractures; they occurred exclusively in the femur: two in the femoral neck, 14 intertrochanteric and six subtrochanteric, representing 4.2% of 518 osseointegration operations and 6.3% of 347 femoral implants. The vast majority (19/22, 86.4%) occurred within 2 cm of the proximal tip of the implant and after a fall. No fractures occurred spontaneously. Fixation most commonly involved dynamic hip screws (10) and reconstruction plates (9). No osseointegration implants required removal, the K-level was not reduced after fixation of the fracture in any patient, and all retained a K-level of ≥ 2. All fractures united, 21 out of 22 patients (95.5%) wear their osseointegration-mounted prosthetic limb longer daily than when using a socket, with 18 out of 22 (81.8%) reporting using it for ≥ 16 hours daily. Regression analysis identified a 3.89-fold increased risk of fracture for females (p = 0.007) and a 1.02-fold increased risk of fracture per kg above a mean of 80.4 kg (p = 0.046). No increased risk was identified for bilateral implants (p = 0.083), time from amputation to osseointegration (p = 0.974), age at osseointegration (p = 0.331), or bone density (g/cm2, p = 0.560; T-score, p = 0.247; Z-score, p = 0.312). CONCLUSION: The risks and sequelae of periprosthetic fracture after press-fit osseointegration for amputation should not deter patients or clinicians from considering this procedure. Females and heavier patients are likely to have an increased risk of fracture. Age, years since amputation, and bone density do not appear influential. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(2):162-169.


Assuntos
Amputação , Fraturas do Fêmur/cirurgia , Osseointegração , Fraturas Periprotéticas/cirurgia , Implantação de Prótese/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/efeitos adversos , Amputação/reabilitação , Feminino , Fraturas do Fêmur/etiologia , Fêmur/lesões , Fêmur/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fraturas Periprotéticas/etiologia , Falha de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
10.
Instr Course Lect ; 69: 3-14, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32017714

RESUMO

The goal of this chapter is to describe the extensile femoral exposure options and femoral revision techniques using the direct anterior approach (DAA) in total hip arthroplasty. Although DAA is initially described as a muscle-sparing exposure for primary hip arthroplasty, because of its internervous anatomic dissection, the internervous and intermuscular benefits of the DAA are maintained throughout the revision exposure. This distinguishing feature of the DAA must be respected to promote maximal muscle function and stability following revision surgery. Femoral revision exposure can be challenging through any surgical approach. The direct anterior exposure provides a unique access angle to the femur and therefore the incision, releases, osteotomies, and stem insertion techniques differ in many respects from more traditional exposures. The authors hope that this chapter will expose surgeons to the cascade of revision anterior femoral exposure and demonstrate the key elements for successful revision surgery.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Fêmur , Humanos , Reoperação
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(8): e19132, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32080089

RESUMO

The osteoporosis was common complication of ankylosing spondylitis (AS), but it was frequently unrecognized in the initial stage of the disease. This study was to compare areal bone mineral density (BMD) of hip joints in early AS patients with that in healthy controls, to explore the progress of bone loss in cortex and spongiosa in early AS.Quantitative computed tomography (QCT) of hip was performed in 60 AS patients (modified New York criteria for AS, with grade 2 sacroiliitis in computed tomography) and 57 healthy controls. The QCT measurements of AS patients were compared with the measurements of healthy controls.The AS patients had lower areal BMD in cortical bone and total bone of proximal femur in early AS patients (P < .01), than the controls. But there were not significant different of areal BMD in spongiosa of proximal femur between the early AS patients and healthy controls. Strong correlations were found between body mass index BMI, areal BMD in cortical bone (rs = 0.410, P < .001; rs = 0.422, P < .001) and total bone (rs = 0.368, P < .001; rs = 0.266, P = .003) both in AS patients and healthy controls.The results indicate that osteopenia/osteoporosis is general in early stage of AS. What is more, the osteopenia/osteoporosis in cortex is earlier than in spongiosa of proximal femur in early AS.


Assuntos
Densidade Óssea/fisiologia , Articulação do Quadril/metabolismo , Osteoporose/etiologia , Espondilite Anquilosante/complicações , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas/complicações , Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Fêmur/anatomia & histologia , Fêmur/patologia , Articulação do Quadril/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Quadril/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sacroileíte/classificação , Sacroileíte/complicações , Sacroileíte/diagnóstico por imagem , Espondilite Anquilosante/classificação , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
12.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(1): 55-63, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31888375

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was to describe implant and patient-reported outcome in patients with a unilateral transfemoral amputation (TFA) treated with a bone-anchored, transcutaneous prosthesis. METHODS: In this cohort study, all patients with a unilateral TFA treated with the Osseointegrated Prostheses for the Rehabilitation of Amputees (OPRA) implant system in Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden, between January 1999 and December 2017 were included. The cohort comprised 111 patients (78 male (70%)), with a mean age 45 years (17 to 70). The main reason for amputation was trauma in 75 (68%) and tumours in 23 (21%). Patients answered the Questionnaire for Persons with Transfemoral Amputation (Q-TFA) before treatment and at two, five, seven, ten, and 15 years' follow-up. A prosthetic activity grade was assigned to each patient at each timepoint. All mechanical complications, defined as fracture, bending, or wear to any part of the implant system resulting in removal or change, were recorded. RESULTS: The Q-TFA scores at two, five, seven, and ten years showed significantly more prosthetic use, better mobility, fewer problems, and an improved global situation, compared with baseline. The survival rate of the osseointegrated implant part (the fixture) was 89% and 72% after seven and 15 years, respectively. A total of 61 patients (55%) had mechanical complications (mean 3.3 (SD 5.76)), resulting in exchange of the percutaneous implant parts. There was a positive relationship between a higher activity grade and the number of mechanical complications. CONCLUSION: Compared with before treatment, the patient-reported outcome was significantly better and remained so over time. Although osseointegration and the ability to transfer loads over a 15-year period have been demonstrated, a large number of mechanical failures in the external implant parts were found. Since these were related to higher activity, restrictions in activity and improvements to the mechanical properties of the implant system are required. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(1):55-63.


Assuntos
Amputação/métodos , Prótese Ancorada no Osso , Fêmur/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Amputação/instrumentação , Amputados/psicologia , Membros Artificiais , Feminino , Neoplasias Femorais/cirurgia , Fêmur/lesões , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osseointegração/fisiologia , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Estudos Prospectivos , Falha de Prótese , Adulto Jovem
13.
Orthopade ; 49(3): 273-276, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31919554

RESUMO

This case study deals with the case of a 16-year-old male patient with a low-grade parosteal osteosarcoma of the distal femur with focal differentiation. Case history, disease course, and surgery as well as the pathological workup with final diagnosis are presented. Relevant radiologic and pathologic differential diagnoses und diagnostic pitfalls are explained in detail and discussed. Additionally, postoperative treatment options are illustrated.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , Osteossarcoma Justacortical , Adolescente , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Fêmur , Humanos , Masculino , Osteossarcoma
14.
Mymensingh Med J ; 29(1): 202-208, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31915359

RESUMO

Giant cell tumors (GCT) are usually benign bone tumors with aggressive characteristics. Giant cell tumors have a benign indolent course in most patients, but tumors may recur locally in as many as 50% of cases depending on the type of treatment and initial presentation of the tumor. The aim in the management of long bone GCT is to eradicate the tumor and prevent local recurrences. In this study, we retrospectively assessed the functional outcomes in 5 patients having recurrent GCTs of the distal femur treated with custom made modular endoprosthesis following wide resection of the tumor from January 2017 to December 2018 in Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh. Tumor Society functional score (MSTS) was used to assess the results of our patients. The mean follow-up period was 13.2 months. We achieved good to excellent results with our mean functional score of 80.66%. To the best of our knowledge, probably first started by us using customized modularendoprosthetic massive replacements for recurrent GCTs in our country. The use of custom made modular mega prosthesis is a simple and technically superior method of feeling the bone defects after wide resection in aggressive recurrent GCTs. In our opinion endoprosthesis replacement for recurrent GCTs had early good to excellent functional results 5.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Femorais/cirurgia , Fêmur/cirurgia , Tumor de Células Gigantes do Osso/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Implantação de Prótese , Bangladesh , Fêmur/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Próteses e Implantes , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/efeitos adversos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Br J Radiol ; 93(1108): 20190556, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977237

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Anatomical analysis of the hips and pelvis was performed using MRI to evaluate morphological characteristics and associations between them. We identified correlations between the ischiofemoral space (IFS), quadratus femoris space (QFS), femoral version angle (FVA) and cervicodiaphyseal angle (CDA). METHODS: This study involved a retrospective search of a database of consecutive reports of adult hip MRI examinations carried out between January and September 2016. Patients with a medical history likely to affect pelvic and hip morphometry were excluded. RESULTS: A total of 137 adult patients were enrolled in the study (45.3% males and 54.7% females), with a mean age of 50.16 ± 13.87 years. The mean IFS was 20.88 ± 5.96 mm, mean QFS was 15.2 ± 6.18 mm, mean FVA was 12.43 ± 6.98, and mean CDA was 121.27 ± 4.6°. The IFS measurements were significantly correlated with femoral measurements (p = 0.025). These visible differences showed a slight negative relationship (-0.191), and females had a smaller distance between these anatomical structures than males (p < 0.001). Females had a significantly smaller QFS than males (12.42 ± 5.94 vs 18.73 ± 4.48 mm, p = 0.000). There was a small but significant positive relationship between CDA and FVA (p = 0.022), with a correlation coefficient of 0.195. CONCLUSION: A higher FVA was correlated with a smaller IFS. Furthermore, an increase in the CDA appeared in tandem with an increase in the FVA. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: A single conventional MRI sequence can alert us to how anatomical factors could predispose individuals to a decrease in IFS.


Assuntos
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Ossos Pélvicos/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome do Músculo Piriforme/diagnóstico por imagem , Ciática/diagnóstico por imagem , Tendinopatia/diagnóstico por imagem , Artralgia/etiologia , Nádegas/diagnóstico por imagem , Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Feminino , Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Ísquio/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Sexuais , Síndrome
16.
Sports Health ; 12(1): 61-65, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31526322

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Given the relatively high risk of contralateral anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury in patients with ACL reconstruction (ACLR), there is a need to understand intrinsic risk factors that may contribute to contralateral injury. HYPOTHESIS: The ACLR group would have smaller ACL volume and a narrower femoral notch width than healthy individuals after accounting for relevant anthropometrics. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3. METHODS: Magnetic resonance imaging data of the left knee were obtained from uninjured (N = 11) and unilateral ACL-reconstructed (N = 10) active, female, collegiate-level recreational athletes. ACL volume was obtained from T2-weighted images. Femoral notch width and notch width index were measured from T1-weighted images. Independent-samples t tests examined differences in all measures between healthy and ACLR participants. RESULTS: The ACLR group had a smaller notch width index (0.22 ± 0.02 vs 0.25 ± 0.01; P = 0.004; effect size, 1.41) and ACL volume (25.6 ± 4.0 vs 32.6 ± 8.2 mm3/(kg·m)-1; P = 0.025; effect size, 1.08) after normalizing by body size. CONCLUSION: Only after normalizing for relevant anthropometrics, the contralateral ACLR limb had smaller ACL size and narrower relative femoral notch size than healthy individuals. These findings suggest that risk factor studies of ACL size and femoral notch size should account for relevant body size when determining their association with contralateral ACL injury. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The present study shows that the method of the identified intrinsic risk factors for contralateral ACL injury could be used in future clinical screening settings.


Assuntos
Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/patologia , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/anatomia & histologia , Fêmur/anatomia & histologia , Adolescente , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Tamanho Corporal , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Projetos Piloto , Recidiva , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
17.
Clin Oral Implants Res ; 31(1): 37-48, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31545532

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Due to bone loss, endosseous implants often require addition of a bone graft to support adequate primary fixation, bone regeneration, and osseointegration. The aim of this study was to compare effectiveness of autogenic and allogenic bone grafts when used during simultaneous insertion of the implant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 4-mm-diameter rabbit diaphyseal bone autografts or allografts (n = 16/group) with a 3.2-mm pre-drilled hole in the center were placed into a 4 mm defect in the proximal femur of 3.5 kg male New Zealand White rabbits. Machined 3.2 × 10 mm grit-blasted, acid-etched titanium-aluminum-vanadium (Ti6Al4V) implants were placed. Control implants were placed into progressively drilled 3.2-mm holes in the contralateral limbs. Post-insertion day 70, samples were analyzed by micro-CT and calcified histology, or by mechanical torque and push-out testing followed by decalcified histology. RESULTS: Both grafts were integrated with the native bone. Micro-CT showed less bone volume (BV) and bone volume/total volume (BV/TV) in the allograft group, but histology showed no differences in BV or BV/TV between groups. Allograft lacked living cells, whereas autograft was cellularized. No difference was found in maximum removal torque between groups. Compressive loading at the graft-to-bone interface was significantly lower in allograft compared with autograft groups. CONCLUSIONS: There was less bone in contact with the implant and significantly less maximum compressive load in the allograft group compared with autograft. The allograft remained acellular as demonstrated by empty lacunae. Taken together, block allograft implanted simultaneously with an implant produces a poorer quality bone compared with autograft.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Osseointegração , Animais , Transplante Ósseo , Implantação Dentária Endo-Óssea , Fêmur , Masculino , Coelhos , Titânio
18.
J Forensic Sci ; 65(1): 200-208, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31335988

RESUMO

Structured light scanning is a noninvasive, accurate, and cost-effective 3D imaging technique, but due to reflection issues is yet to be utilized for tool mark analysis on fresh bone. During imaging, reflection from shiny surfaces, such as greasy bone, disrupts image formation. This study tested the David SLS-1 scanner's ability to image saw marks and explored six strategies to reduce reflection by [1] dulling the surface or [2] altering the projected light. The surface was dulled by freezing, talcum powder, dulling spray, or compressed air. The projected light was altered with a diffuser or limited to single pattern-coded. Results demonstrated that the resolution was insufficient for capturing minute details of striae. All six tests failed to reduce reflection sufficiently to produce complete images, but projecting vertical pattern-coded light showed the most promise. Future research is required concentrating on enhancing resolution and exploring the role of pattern-coded light in reducing reflection.


Assuntos
Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem Tridimensional , Lasers , Animais , Ar Comprimido , Fêmur/patologia , Antropologia Forense , Modelos Animais , Suínos , Talco
19.
Clin Oral Investig ; 24(2): 785-797, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31154539

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the modulating effect of ionizing radiation, blood cytokine levels, and bone remodeling of the interface around the implant to understand the radiation mechanisms which can impair the implants receptor site. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty rats were submitted to grade V titanium implants in the femurs and were divided into the following groups: no-irradiation (N-Ir): control group with implant only; early-irradiation (E-Ir): implant + irradiation after 24 h; late-irradiation (L-Ir): implant + irradiation after 4 weeks; and previous-irradiation (P-Ir): irradiation + implant after 4 weeks. The animals in the E-Ir, L-Ir, and P-Ir groups were irradiated in two fractional stages of 15 Gy. At 3 days, 2 weeks, and 7 weeks after the final procedure, five animals were randomly euthanized per group. Serum levels of TNF-ɑ, IL-1ß, TGF-ß, IL-6, M-CSF, and IL-10 were measured from blood collected prior to euthanasia using the ELISA test. The pieces containing the implants were subjected to immunohistochemical labeling using the tartrate acid resistant to phosphatase, osteocalcin, and caspase-3 markers and mCT. The ANOVA test was used for statistical analysis, and the Tukey multiple comparison test (p < 0.05) was applied. RESULTS: The results indicated that ionizing radiation modifies the production of pro- and anti-inflammatory serum cytokines, the expression of proteins involved in bone remodeling and cellular apoptosis, as well as changes in bone formation. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggests that a longer period between radiotherapy and implant placement surgery when irradiation occurs prior to implant installation would allow the recovery and renewal of bone cells and avoid future failures in osseointegration. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The search for modifications caused by ionizing irradiation in bone tissue can indicate the ideal period for implant placement without affecting the osseointegration process.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Animais , Fêmur , Implantes Experimentais , Osseointegração , Osteogênese , Ratos , Titânio
20.
Orthop Clin North Am ; 51(1): 27-36, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31739877

RESUMO

Distal femoral replacement (DFR) is a reasonable treatment option when used for select indications. In the setting of comminuted intra-articular distal femoral fractures, distal femoral arthroplasty should be considered in low-demand patients with poor bone quality. This article summarizes the existing literature plus the authors' personal experience with DFR use for distal femoral fractures of the native knee.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Fêmur/cirurgia , Fêmur/cirurgia , Fraturas Cominutivas/cirurgia , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Idoso , Humanos , Fraturas Intra-Articulares/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Implantação de Prótese/métodos , Reoperação/métodos , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Reimplante/métodos , Reimplante/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
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