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1.
BMC Surg ; 21(1): 2, 2021 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33388034

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary liver malignancy that is strongly associated with chronic liver disease. Isolated hepatic tuberculosis is an uncommon type of tuberculosis. Concomitant occurrence of both conditions is extremely rare. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 47-year-old man who presented with fever and abdominal pain for 3 months prior to presentation. He reported a history of anorexia and significant weight loss. Abdominal examination revealed a tender, enlarged liver. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) demonstrated a solid heterogeneous hepatic mass with peripheral arterial enhancement, but no venous washout, conferring a radiological impression of suspected cholangiocarcinoma. However, a CT-guided biopsy of the lesion resulted in the diagnosis of concomitant HCC and isolated hepatic tuberculosis. CONCLUSION: A rapid increase in tumor size should draw attention to the possibility of a concomitant infectious process. Clinicians must have a high index of suspicion for tuberculosis, especially in patients from endemic areas, in order to initiate early and proper treatment.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/complicações , Neoplasias Hepáticas/complicações , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Tuberculose Hepática/complicações , Dor Abdominal/etiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Feminino , Febre/etiologia , Humanos , Fígado/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Tuberculose Hepática/diagnóstico
2.
Ultrasonics ; 110: 106287, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33091652

RESUMO

In this paper, we proposed ultrasound homodyned K (HK) imaging based on the noise-assisted correlation algorithm (NCA) for monitoring microwave ablation of porcine liver ex vivo. The NCA-based HK (αNCA and kNCA) imaging was compared with NCA-based Nakagami (mNCA) imaging and NCA-based cumulative echo decorrelation (CEDNCA) imaging. Backscattered ultrasound radiofrequency signals of porcine liver ex vivo during and after the heating of microwave ablation were collected (n = 15), which were processed for constructing B-mode imaging, NCA-based HK imaging, NCA-based Nakagami imaging, and NCA-based CED imaging. To quantitatively evaluate the final coagulation zone, the polynomial approximation (PAX) technique was applied. The accuracy of detecting coagulation area with αNCA, kNCA, mNCA, and CEDNCA parametric imaging was evaluated by comparing the PAX imaging with the gross pathology. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to further evaluate the performance of the three quantitative ultrasound imaging methods for detecting the coagulation zone. Experimental results showed that the average accuracies of αNCA, kNCA, mNCA, and CEDNCA parametric imaging combined with PAX imaging were 89.6%, 83.25%, 89.23%, and 91.6%, respectively. The average areas under the ROC curve (AUROCs) of αNCA, kNCA, mNCA, and CEDNCA parametric imaging were 0.83, 0.77, 0.83, and 0.86, respectively. The proposed NCA-based HK imaging may be used as a new method for monitoring microwave ablation.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Ablação , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Fígado/cirurgia , Micro-Ondas/uso terapêutico , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Algoritmos , Animais , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Técnicas In Vitro , Suínos
3.
Sci Total Environ ; 750: 141231, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33182180

RESUMO

Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) imaging has great potential as a non-lethal, inexpensive monitoring tool in aquatic toxicology. It is a well-established clinical imaging approach that combines real-time, quantitative assessment of organ blood flow, with morphological data. In humans, it has been extensively used to measure changes in blood flow that can be attributed to cancer, inflammation, and other biological abnormalities. However, it has yet to be explored as a tool for fish physiology or environmental toxicology. In this study, our goal was to determine if CEUS could be used to visualize and measure blood flow in the liver of a rainbow trout. All rainbow trout received two injections of an ultrasound contrast agent, microbubbles. A subset received a third injection after administration of propranolol, a non-specific beta1 & 2-blocker, to determine if changes in blood flow could be detected. Ultrasound contrast time-intensity curves (TIC) were obtained, fit to a lognormal model, and different perfusion parameters were calculated. Contrast enhancement was observed in all rainbow trout livers, with high percentage between repeated measurements, including blood flow (80.6 ± 27.3%), area under the curve (73.2 ± 14%), blood volume (84 ± 14.2%) and peak enhancement (86.7 ± 7.5%). After administration of propranolol, we detected a non-significant (p > 0.05) increase in area under the curve (102.6 ± 44.2%), peak enhancement (77.3 ± 106.4), blood volume (48.2 ± 74.5%), and decrease in hepatic blood flow (-17.3 ± 37.1%). These data suggest that CEUS imaging is suitable to measure organ blood flow in fish, and demonstrates tremendous potential for exploring different organs, fish species, and effects of chemical contaminants in future studies.


Assuntos
Oncorhynchus mykiss , Animais , Meios de Contraste , Humanos , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Propranolol , Ultrassonografia
4.
Clin Imaging ; 69: 228-232, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32971452

RESUMO

We describe a unique case of focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) in a 6-month-old-girl with elevated alpha-fetoprotein (AFP). Given the patient's age and elevated AFP, a diagnosis of hepatoblastoma was presumed. However, the histopathologic assessment of the lesion was typical for focal nodular hyperplasia. This was further corroborated using hepatobiliary contrast agent to exclude the possibility of a collision or a composite liver tumor.


Assuntos
Hiperplasia Nodular Focal do Fígado , Hepatoblastoma , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Meios de Contraste , Feminino , Hiperplasia Nodular Focal do Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Lactente , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , alfa-Fetoproteínas
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(51): e23655, 2020 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33371100

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Hepatic neuroendocrine tumors (HNETs) are uncommon neoplasms that can be subdivided into 2 types: primary and metastatic HNETs. Due to its rarity, heterogeneity and complexity, the diagnosis, treatment modalities and prognosis are still controversial.This retrospective study reviewed the effects of tumor origins and therapeutic options on the prognosis of gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors with liver metastasis (GEP-NETLM) and primary hepatic neuroendocrine tumors (PHNETs), providing additional evidence for clinicians evaluating patients.HNETs consisted of PHNETs and GEP-NETLM. GEP-NETLM (76.2%, 112/147) was more common, which was mainly manifested as multiple lesions in both lobes of the liver. PHNETs were relatively rare (23.8%, 35/147) and were mainly single lesion located in the right lobe of the liver. In patients with GEP-NETLM, primary tumor resection could prolong survival (P = .044). As the most widely used treatment method, systematic therapy alone could not achieve a satisfactory survival. However, the combination with hepatectomy or liver-directed therapy improved the prognosis (P = .023). As the main treatment, patients with PHNETs treated with local therapy could achieve a better prognosis (P = .049). Compared with PHNETs patients, GEP-NETLM patients with higher ki-67 index showed higher mortality and poorer prognosis (P = .006).Therefore, patients with PHNETs can be distinguished from GEP-NETLM by comprehensive imaging examinations and long-term follow-ups. The choice of appropriate treatment strategies can improve the prognosis of HNETs patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Fígado/patologia , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/secundário , Adulto , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Hepatectomia , Humanos , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/diagnóstico por imagem , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/patologia , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/terapia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(52): e23924, 2020 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33350797

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: To investigate whether MRI features could preoperatively predict local tumor progression (LTP) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treated with radiofrequency ablation (RFA) as the first-line treatment and improve a novel predictive model through developing a nomogram including various conventional MRI parameters. 105 patients with HCCs who had received RFA were enrolled. All patients had undergone conventional MRI before RFA. Uni- and multivariable analyses for LTP were assessing using a Cox proportional hazards model. The developed MRI-based nomogram was further designed based on multivariable logistic analysis in our study and the usefulness of the developed model was validated according to calibration curves and the C-index. Rim enhancement (hazard ratio: 2.689, P = .044) and the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values (hazard ratio: 0.055, P = .038) were statistically significant independent predictors of LTP after RFA at multivariable analysis. The performance of the nomogram incorporating two MRI parameters (with a C-index of 0.782) was improved compared with that based on rim enhancement and ADC alone (with C-index values of 0.630 and 0.728, respectively). The calibration curve of the MRI-based nomogram showed good conformance between evaluation and observation at 0.5, 1, and 1.5 years after RFA. The preliminary predictive model based on MRI findings including rim enhancement and ADC value could be used preoperatively to estimate the risk of LTP of HCC after RFA as the first-line treatment.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Nomogramas , Ablação por Radiofrequência , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Fígado/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Prognóstico , Ablação por Radiofrequência/efeitos adversos , Ablação por Radiofrequência/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
7.
Ter Arkh ; 92(8): 73-78, 2020 Sep 03.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33346465

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the frequency of liver fibrosis progression to stage 34 among patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), type 2 diabetes and obesity, to identify predictors of severe liver fibrosis, to propose an algorithm for diagnosing fibrosis in this category of patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 160 patients with NAFLD, type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and obesity and 50 patients with NAFLD without diabetes were comprehensively examined. Patients underwent laboratory examination (clinical blood test, biochemical analysis, immunoglobulins G, M, autoantibody assay, coagulogram), liver ultrasound. All patients underwent determination of the liver fibrosis stage by two methods: the serological test FibroMax and indirect ultrasound elastometry of the liver; 40 patients underwent a liver biopsy. Statistical data processing was performed using the programming language and statistical calculations R: we used correlation analysis, multiple logistic regression method, one-way analysis of variance, multi-factor analysis, the Kruskal-Wallis method, and comparison of the number of patients using the Fisher test. RESULTS: DM is a risk factor for the liver fibrosis progression in patients with NAFLD. Significant markers of severe fibrosis in this category of patients are increased levels of GGTP, haptoglobin and alpha-2-macroglobulin, lower platelet and prothrombin levels. Obesity and isolated steatosis without steatohepatitis are not markers of severe liver fibrosis at present, but obesity can be considered a risk factor for the progression of fibrosis in the future. CONCLUSION: All patients with NAFLD in combination with diabetes need screening to detect advanced liver fibrosis: it is advisable to determine the levels of GGTP, haptoglobin and alpha-2-macroglobulin.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Humanos , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Fígado/patologia , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Cirrose Hepática/epidemiologia , Cirrose Hepática/etiologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/diagnóstico , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/epidemiologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia , Obesidade/patologia
8.
J Vis Exp ; (166)2020 12 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33346203

RESUMO

Noninvasive, accurate measurement of pressures within the human body has long been an important but elusive clinical goal. Contrast agents for ultrasound imaging are gas-filled, encapsulated microbubbles (diameter < 10 µm) that traverse the entire vasculature and enhance signals by up to 30 dB. These microbubbles also produce nonlinear oscillations at frequencies ranging from the subharmonic (half of the transmit frequency) to higher harmonics. The subharmonic amplitude has an inverse linear relationship with the ambient hydrostatic pressure. Here an ultrasound system capable of performing real-time, subharmonic aided pressure estimation (SHAPE) is presented. During ultrasound contrast agent infusion, an algorithm for optimizing acoustic outputs is activated. Following this calibration, subharmonic microbubble signals (i.e., SHAPE) have the highest sensitivity to pressure changes and can be used to noninvasively quantify pressure. The utility of the SHAPE procedure for identifying portal hypertension in the liver is the emphasis here, but the technique has applicability across many clinical scenarios.


Assuntos
Pressão Sanguínea , Meios de Contraste/química , Hipertensão Portal/diagnóstico , Hipertensão Portal/fisiopatologia , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Algoritmos , Calibragem , Humanos , Hipertensão Portal/diagnóstico por imagem , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Microbolhas
9.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(40): 3164-3168, 2020 Nov 03.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33142400

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the feasibility of transient elastography (FibroTouch) in obese children and to investigate the liver characteristics of obese children based on FibroTouch. Methods: Children (5-18 years of age) from the Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center were examined by FibroTouch. The fat attenuation parameter (FAP) was used to assess liver fat deposition, and liver stiffness measurement (LSM) was used to assess liver fibrosis. The children were divided into obesity group (n=67) and non-obesity group (n=139). The FAP, LSM, and their influencing factors were analysed in the obese group. Results: The total effective rate of FibroTouch in non-sedated children aged 5-18 years (n=229) was 97.8%. The FAP value 259.4 (235.9-275.5) dB/m in obese children was significantly higher than that in the control group 178.1 (168.7-195.6) dB/m, (Z=-10.586, P<0.001). The LSM value in obese children 5.9 (4.5-7.5) kPa was significantly higher than that in non-obese children 3.2 (2.3-4.1) kPa, (Z=-8.832, P<0.001). The proportion of liver fibrosis in obese group was 30%, and that of nonalcoholic fatty liver was 65.7%. Logistic regression analysis showed that BMI percentile (≥ 95%) was an independent factor for significant liver fibrosis (OR=1.267, 95%CI: 1.056-1.519, P=0.011) and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (OR=1.248, 95%CI: 1.007-1.546, P=0.043). Conclusions: FibroTouch can be successfully applied to obese children. Fibrotouch can accurately evaluate the liver fibrosis and fat attenuation parameters in obese children. Obese children have higher FAP and LSM, which increase the risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver and liver fibrosis.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico por imagem , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/diagnóstico por imagem , Obesidade
10.
Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai Zasshi ; 76(11): 1133-1142, 2020.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33229843

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to propose a method for segmentation and volume measurement of graft liver and spleen of pediatric transplant recipients on digital imaging and communications in medicine (DICOM) -format images using U-Net and three-dimensional (3-D) workstations (3DWS) . METHOD: For segmentation accuracy assessments, Dice coefficients were calculated for the graft liver and spleen. After verifying that the created DICOM-format images could be imported using the existing 3DWS, accuracy rates between the ground truth and segmentation images were calculated via mask processing. RESULT: As per the verification results, Dice coefficients for the test data were as follows: graft liver, 0.758 and spleen, 0.577. All created DICOM-format images were importable using the 3DWS, with accuracy rates of 87.10±4.70% and 80.27±11.29% for the graft liver and spleen, respectively. CONCLUSION: The U-Net could be used for graft liver and spleen segmentations, and volume measurement using 3DWS was simplified by this method.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Transplante de Fígado , Criança , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
11.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 1396-1399, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018250

RESUMO

Accurate detection of macro and microvesicles in rat models of fatty liver disease is crucial in evaluating the progression of liver disease and identifying potential hepatotoxic findings during drug development. In this paper, we present a deep-learning-based framework for the segmentation of vacuoles in liver images of Wistar rat and study the correlation of automated quantification with expert pathologist's manual evaluation. To address the issue of misclassification of lumina (vascular and bile duct) as large vacuoles, we propose a selective tiling technique to generate tiles that include complete lumina and large vacuoles. A binary encoder-decoder convolution neural network is trained to detect individual vacuoles. We report a sensitivity of 85% and specificity of 98%. Furthermore, the diameter and roundness of the segmented vacuoles are estimated with an error of less than 8%, which supports the high potential of our method in drug development process.


Assuntos
Fígado , Vacúolos , Animais , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Redes Neurais de Computação , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
12.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 1608-1611, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018302

RESUMO

Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanners measure three-dimensional (3D) images of patients. However, only low-dimensional local two-dimensional (2D) images may be obtained during surgery or radiotherapy. Although computer vision techniques have shown that 3D shapes can be estimated from multiple 2D images, shape reconstruction from a single 2D image such as an endoscopic image or an X-ray image remains a challenge. In this study, we propose X-ray2Shape, which permits a deep learning-based 3D organ mesh to be reconstructed from a single 2D projection image. The method learns the mesh deformation from a mean template and deep features computed from the individual projection images. Experiments with organ meshes and digitally reconstructed radiograph (DRR) images of abdominal regions were performed to confirm the estimation performance of the methods.


Assuntos
Imageamento Tridimensional , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Humanos , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética
13.
Can J Surg ; 63(5): E431-E434, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33009897

RESUMO

SUMMARY: Hepato-pancreato-biliary (HPB) injuries can be extremely challenging to manage. This scoping review (8438 citations) offers a number of recommendations. If diagnosis and therapy are rapid, patients with major hepatic injuries who present in physiologic extremis have high survival rates despite prolonged hospital stays. Nonoperative management of major liver injuries, as diagnosed using computed tomography, is typically successful. Adjuncts (e.g., angioembolization, laparoscopic washouts, biliary stents) are essential in managing high-grade injuries. Injury to the extrahepatic biliary tree is rare. Cholecystectomy is indicated for all gallbladder trauma. Full-thickness common bile duct injuries require a hepaticojejunostomy, although damage control remains closed suction drainage. Injuries to the pancreatic head often involve concurrent trauma to regional vasculature. Damage control necessitates drainage after stopping hemorrhage. Injury to the left pancreas commonly requires a distal pancreatectomy. Outcomes for high-grade pancreatic and liver injuries are improved by involving an HPB team. Complications are multidisciplinary and should be managed without delay.


Assuntos
Traumatismos Abdominais/terapia , Sistema Biliar/lesões , Fígado/lesões , Pâncreas/lesões , Traumatismos Abdominais/complicações , Traumatismos Abdominais/diagnóstico , Traumatismos Abdominais/mortalidade , Sistema Biliar/diagnóstico por imagem , Tratamento Conservador/efeitos adversos , Tratamento Conservador/métodos , Tratamento Conservador/normas , Tratamento Conservador/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Pâncreas/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/normas , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Tempo , Tempo para o Tratamento/normas , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0239743, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33002028

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the cardiac motion artifact that regularly appears in diffusion-weighted imaging of the left liver lobe might be reduced by acquiring images in inspiration, when the coupling between heart and liver might be minimal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 43 patients with known or suspected focal liver lesions were examined at 1.5 T with breath hold acquisition, once in inspiration and once in expiration. Data were acquired with a diffusion-weighted echo planar imaging sequence and two b-values (b50 = 50 s/mm² and b800 = 800 s/mm²). The severity of the cardiac motion artifact in the left liver lobe was rated by two experienced radiologists for both b-values with a 5 point Likert scale. Additionally, the normalized signal S(b800)/S(b50) in the left liver lobe was computed. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used comparing the scores of the two readers obtained in inspiration and expiration, and to compare the normalized signal in inspiration and expiration. RESULTS: The normalized signal in inspiration was slightly higher than in expiration (0.349±0.077 vs 0.336±0.058), which would indicate a slight reduction of the cardiac motion artifact, but this difference was not significant (p = 0.24). In the qualitative evaluation, the readers did not observe a significant difference for b50 (reader 1: p = 0.61; reader 2: p = 0.18). For b800, reader 1 observed a significant difference of small effect size favouring expiration (p = 0.03 with a difference of mean Likert scores of 0.27), while reader 2 observed no significant difference (p = 0.62). CONCLUSION: Acquiring the data in inspiration does not lead to a markedly reduced cardiac motion artifact in diffusion-weighted imaging of the left liver lobe and is in this regard not to be preferred over acquiring the data in expiration.


Assuntos
Coração/fisiologia , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Respiração , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artefatos , Suspensão da Respiração , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética , Expiração , Feminino , Humanos , Fígado/anatomia & histologia , Fígado/fisiologia , Hepatopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Hepatopatias/patologia , Hepatopatias/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
15.
Ann Hematol ; 99(11): 2507-2512, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32918595

RESUMO

Iron overload comprises one of the main complications of congenital dyserythropoietic anemia type I (CDA-I). When analyzing magnetic resonance imaging T2* (MRI T2*) results in CDA patients, two previous studies reported discordant results regarding iron load in these patients. To further understand iron loading pattern in this group of patients, we analyzed MRI T2* findings in 46 CDA-I patients. Mild to moderate hepatic iron overload was detected in 28/46 (60.8%) patients. A significant correlation was found between serum ferritin and liver iron concentration (LIC). A significant correlation (p value = 0.02) was also found between the patient's age and LIC, reflecting increased iron loading over time, even in the absence of transfusion therapy. Notably, no cardiac iron overload was detected in any patient. Transfusion-naive patients had better LIC and better cardiac T2* values. These results demonstrate that a high percentage of CDA-I patients have liver iron concentration above the normal values, risking them with significant morbidity and mortality, and emphasize the importance of periodic MRI T2* studies for direct assessment of tissue iron concentration in these patients, taking age and transfusional burden into consideration.


Assuntos
Anemia Diseritropoética Congênita , Sobrecarga de Ferro , Ferro/sangue , Fígado , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Anemia Diseritropoética Congênita/sangue , Anemia Diseritropoética Congênita/diagnóstico por imagem , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Ferritinas/sangue , Seguimentos , Humanos , Sobrecarga de Ferro/sangue , Sobrecarga de Ferro/diagnóstico por imagem , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Fígado/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Hepatol Int ; 14(5): 733-742, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32886333

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Liver injury is found in some of patients with COVID-19. Liver injury of COVID-19 patients based on severity grading and abdominal radiological signs have not been reported until now. The aim of our study is to determine clinical profiles of the patients based on severity grading, describe abdominal radiological signs, and investigate the correlations of the severity with clinical profiles and radiological signs. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 115 patients with COVID-19 from Jan 2020 to Feb 2020. Medical records of the patients were collected and CT images were reviewed. RESULTS: Common clinical manifestations of patients with COVID-19 were fever (68.70%), cough (56.52%), fatigue (31.30%); some of them had gastrointestinal symptoms (diarrhea, 12.17%; nausea or vomiting 7.83%; inappetence, 7.83%). Abnormal liver function was observed in some of patients with COVID-19. Significant differences in the levels of AST, albumin,CRP were observed among different groups classified by the severity. Common findings of upper abdominal CT scan were liver hypodensity (26.09%) and pericholecystic fat stranding (21.27%); liver hypodensity was more frequently found in critical cases (58.82%). The severity of COVID-19 correlated with semi-quantitative CT score of pulmonary lesions, CT-quantified liver/spleen attenuation ratio in patients with COVID-19. CONCLUSIONS: Some of the patients with COVID-19 displayed liver damage revealed by liver functional tests and upper abdominal CT imaging, and the severity of COVID-19 patients correlated with some of liver functional tests and CT signs; thus, it will allow an earlier identification of high-risk patients for early effective intervention.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Coronavirus , Hepatopatias , Testes de Função Hepática/métodos , Fígado , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Fígado/metabolismo , Hepatopatias/diagnóstico , Hepatopatias/epidemiologia , Hepatopatias/etiologia , Hepatopatias/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
17.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (8): 103-106, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32869622

RESUMO

The authors describe modern 3D technologies in hepatobiliary surgery. These approaches reduce the risk of intra- and postoperative complications. Virtual 3D reconstruction with clear visualization of parasitic cyst, adjacent vessels and bile ducts is valuable to create 3D-model of liver. This model may be applied for personalized laparoscopic approach and precise surgical intervention.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Biliar/métodos , Hepatectomia/métodos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Fígado/cirurgia , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador , Ductos Biliares/diagnóstico por imagem , Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Modelagem Computacional Específica para o Paciente , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(33): e20021, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871968

RESUMO

To evaluate the diagnostic performance of net influx rate (Ki) values from a whole-body dynamic (WBD) Ga-DOTATOC-PET/CT acquisition to differentiate pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNETs) from physiological uptake of pancreatic uncinate process (UP).Patients who were benefited from a WBD acquisition for the assessment of a known well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumor (NET)/suspicion of disease in the prospective GAPET-NET cohort were screened. Only patients with a confirmed pNET/UP as our gold standard were included. The positron emission tomography (PET) procedure consisted in a single-bed dynamic acquisition centered on the heart, followed by a whole-body dynamic acquisition and then a static acquisition. Dynamic (Ki calculated according to Patlak method), static (SUVmax, SUVmean, SUVpeak) parameters, and tumor-to-liver and tumor-to-spleen ratio (TLRKi and TSRKi (according to hepatic/splenic Ki)), tumor SUVmax to liver SUVmax (TM/LM), tumor SUVmax to liver SUVmean (TM/Lm), tumor SUVmax to spleen SUVmax (TM/SM), and tumor SUVmax to spleen SUVmean (TM/Sm) (according to hepatic/splenic SUVmax and SUVmean respectively) were calculated. A Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) analysis was performed to evaluate their diagnostic performance to distinguish UP from pNET.One hundred five patients benefited from a WBD between July 2018 and July 2019. Eighteen (17.1%) had an UP and 26 (24.8%) a pNET. For parameters alone, the Ki and SUVpeak had the best sensitivity (88.5%) while the Ki, SUVmax, and SUVmean had the best specificity (94.4%). The best diagnostic accuracy was obtained with Ki (90.9%). For ratios, the TLRKi and the TSRKi had the best sensitivity (95.7%) while the TM/SM and TM/Sm the best specificity (100%). TLRKi had the best diagnostic accuracy (95.1%) and the best area under the curve (AUC) (0.990).Our study is the first one to evaluate the interest of a WBD acquisition to differentiate UP from pNETs and shows excellent diagnostic performances of the Ki approach.


Assuntos
Tumores Neuroendócrinos/diagnóstico por imagem , Pâncreas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Imagem Corporal Total , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Octreotida/análogos & derivados , Compostos Organometálicos , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Baço/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem Corporal Total/métodos
19.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 32(4): 405-408, 2020 Jun 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32935518

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the value of shear-wave elastography (SWE) of the liver and spleen for predicting the risk of esophageal-gastric varices (EGV) and the bleeding from EGV (EGVB) in patients with advanced schistosomiasis. METHODS: The medical records of 90 patients with definitive diagnosis of advanced schistosomiasis in Wuxi People's Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University from January 2017 through January 2020 were retrospectively reviewed. The severity of EGV was graded in the 90 patients with advanced schistosomiasis using gastroscopic findings as a golden standard. Then, the subjects were assigned to the non-EGV and EGV groups, and the low- and high-risk EGVB groups according to the grading. The SWE elastic moduli of the liver and spleen were measured and compared between groups. In addition, the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted, and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) was estimated to evaluate the diagnostic efficiency of the SWE elastic moduli of the liver and spleen for predicting the high risk of EGV and EGVB. RESULTS: The 90 patients with advanced schistosomiasis included 61 men and 29 women, and had a mean age of (74.3 ± 8.6) years (range, 62 to 83 years). If gastroscopic findings were employed as a golden standard, there were 32 cases with grade 0 (35.5%), 17 cases with grade 1 (18.9%), 15 cases with grade 2 (16.7%) and 26 cases with grade 3 EGV (28.9%). There were 32 cases in the non-EGV group (35.6%) and 58 cases in the EGV group (64.4%), and 41 cases in the high-risk EGV group (45.6%) and 49 cases in the low-risk EGV group (54.4%), respectively. The SWE elastic moduli of the liver and spleen were both significantly greater in the EGV group than in the non-EGV group (t = 5.73 and 7.26, both P values < 0.05). The SWE elastic moduli of the liver and spleen had AUCs of 0.70 and 0.75, optimal cut-off of 16.1 kPa and 22.6 kPa, sensitivities of 80.6% and 83.9% and specificities of 71.4% and 78.6% for the prediction of EGV, respectively. In addition, the SWE elastic moduli of the liver and spleen were significantly greater in the high-risk EGVB groups than in the low-risk EGVB group (t = 7.35 and 9.61, both P values < 0.05), and the SWE elastic moduli of the liver and spleen had AUCs of 0.68 and 0.71, optimal cut-off of 22.7 kPa and 33.8 kPa, sensitivities of 70.4% and 73.6% and specificities of 89.3% and 93.1% for the prediction of high-risk EGV, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: SWE is useful to predict the risk of EGV and EGVB in patients with advanced schistosomiasis.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas , Hemorragia , Esquistossomose , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade/normas , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas/diagnóstico por imagem , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas/etiologia , Feminino , Hemorragia/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemorragia/etiologia , Humanos , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Esquistossomose/complicações , Esquistossomose/diagnóstico por imagem , Baço/diagnóstico por imagem
20.
Z Gastroenterol ; 58(9): 847-854, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32947630

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of our study is to analyze viscosity characteristics of focal liver lesions (FLLs) and the diagnostic performance of shear wave dispersion (SWD) in differentiating benign and malignant FLLs. METHODS: Between January 2018 and April 2018, 58 consecutive patients (median age 57, age range 21-74 years, 37 males) with 58 FLLs located on the right lobe of liver were prospectively studied. The Aplio i900 series diagnostic ultrasound system (Canon Medical systems) equipped with a curvilinear PV1-475BX transducer (1-8 MHz) was used. SWD slope and viscosity measurements were expressed as mean ± standard deviation for both liver tumors and background liver parenchyma. Histopathological results after surgery were regarded as the gold standard for diagnosis. RESULTS: Final diagnosis included 40 cases of malignant and 18 cases of benign FLLs. The mean viscosity value were 14.78 ±â€Š1.86 m/s/kHz for hepatocellular carcinoma (n = 30), 14.81 ±â€Š2.35 m/s/kHz for liver metastasis lesions (n = 10), 13.23 ±â€Š1.31 m/s/kHz for hemangioma (n = 13), and 13.67 ± 2.72 m/s/kHz for focal nodular hyperplasia (n = 5). Malignant FLLs showed higher mean viscosity values (14.79 ±â€Š3.15 m/s/KHz) than benign FLLs (13.36 ±â€Š2.76 m/s/KHz) (p < 0.05). The best performing cut-off value of lesion viscosity was 13.15 m/s/kHz (sensitivity 83.3 %; specificity 56.5 %; area under the curve (AUC) 0.71) for malignancy) (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The analysis of SWD slope and liver viscosity parameters provide additional viscoelastic information about FLLs before operation.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Meios de Contraste , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Fígado/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Ultrassonografia , Viscosidade , Adulto Jovem
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