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2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(2): e18694, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914070

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Some patients with pulmonary arteriovenous malformation (PAVM) present with hypoxemia and life-threatening complications, including stroke and cerebral abscess. Catheter embolization is currently the preferred treatment for PAVM. However, previous studies have revealed that the incidence of PAVM recanalization is approximately 10% 5 to 7 years after embolization. In contrast, there are no studies where recanalization has occurred over 10 years after embolization. PATIENT CONCERNS: Herein, we report 2 cases diagnosed with cerebral embolism due to PAVM recanalization 13 years and 30 years after catheter treatment, in case I and II, respectively. DIAGNOSES: Both cases were diagnosed with PAVM recanalization on chest computed tomography (CT) examination performed after cerebral embolism development. Furthermore, pulmonary artery angiography revealed blood flow from the pulmonary artery to the vein in the PAVM, confirming PAVM recanalization. INTERVENTIONS: Coil re-embolization was performed for the all recanalized PAVM. OUTCOMES: All the target lesions were successfully re-embolized in both cases. However, in case I, the second recanalization of embolized PAVM was confirmed 1 year after coil re-embolization. Consequently, the third embolization was performed in case I. In contrast to case I, the patient in case II was followed up without recanalization for 2 years after embolization. LESSONS: We described the first 2 cases diagnosed with PAVM recanalization >10 years after the first catheter embolization. These cases suggest that patients with PAVMs should undergo life-long follow-up after catheter embolization.


Assuntos
Fístula Arteriovenosa/complicações , Fístula Arteriovenosa/terapia , Embolização Terapêutica/métodos , Embolia Intracraniana/complicações , Embolia Intracraniana/terapia , Artéria Pulmonar/anormalidades , Veias Pulmonares/anormalidades , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos
3.
No Shinkei Geka ; 47(12): 1281-1287, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31874950

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia(HHT)are known to have high rates of cerebral arteriovenous malformations(AVMs). Compared to patients with sporadic AVMs, patients with HHT are less likely to present with ruptured AVMs. CASE REPORT: A 14-year-old male patient presented with headache that had lasted for 2 days. CT revealed an intracerebral hemorrhage in the right parietal lobe, and enhanced CT revealed an AVM in the upper part of the hematoma. The size of the nidus was 20 mm, and its feeders were the right superior internal parietal artery and a branch of the anterior cerebral artery. In addition, the AVM had no deep drainer. We also found another AVM in the right temporal lobe and identified telangiectasia of the nose using digital subtraction angiography. We suspected HHT and performed whole body CT, which revealed an arteriovenous fistula in the right lung and a hematoma-like lesion in the spleen. Thus, we diagnosed the patient with HHT. His ruptured AVM was removed electively. CONCLUSION: We report a case of HHT that presented as an intracerebral hemorrhage in a patient. Based on our case study findings, it is necessary to perform long-term follow-up not only for brain AVMs but also for visceral vascular malformations in such patients, as well as perform HHT screening for families. Although such cases are rare, some features of HHT must be considered to accurately diagnose suspected HHT.


Assuntos
Fístula Arteriovenosa , Hemorragia Cerebral/cirurgia , Malformações Arteriovenosas Intracranianas , Telangiectasia Hemorrágica Hereditária , Adolescente , Angiografia Digital , Fístula Arteriovenosa/complicações , Fístula Arteriovenosa/cirurgia , Hemorragia Cerebral/etiologia , Humanos , Malformações Arteriovenosas Intracranianas/complicações , Malformações Arteriovenosas Intracranianas/cirurgia , Masculino , Telangiectasia Hemorrágica Hereditária/etiologia , Telangiectasia Hemorrágica Hereditária/cirurgia
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(45): e17770, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702628

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Neurosyphilis is a chronic, infectious disease of the central nervous system. Pial arteriovenous fistulae (PAVF) are rare vascular malformations. Both can cause vascular damage, but it is quite rare for both to present at the same time. PATIENT CONCERNS: Here we present a 66-year-old man with affective disorder, hypomnesia, and recent convulsions. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed cerebral swelling, hyperintensity in the cortex/subcortex, and multiple lacunar cerebral infarctions. Computed tomography angiography revealed the presence of a pial arteriovenous fistula. DIAGNOSES: Based on laboratory tests and imaging, diagnoses of neurosyphilis and pial arteriovenous fistula were made. INTERVENTIONS: Antisyphilis therapy was provided. OUTCOMES: Symptoms improved and antisyphilis treatment continued as an outpatient. No intracranial hemorrhage was seen 6 months later. CONCLUSION: Treponema pallidum infection may be related to the formation of PAVF, and may also promote the progression of it; however, further work is required to confirm this.


Assuntos
Fístula Arteriovenosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Veias Cerebrais/anormalidades , Neurossífilis/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Antitreponêmicos/uso terapêutico , Fístula Arteriovenosa/tratamento farmacológico , Fístula Arteriovenosa/etiologia , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Neurossífilis/complicações , Neurossífilis/tratamento farmacológico , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(41): e17466, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593105

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Vertebral arteriovenous fistulas (VAVFs) are depicted with anomalous connections between the vertebral artery, or its branches, and the adjacent venous system. Most VAVFs occur as a result of direct trauma during accidents, whereas others have iatrogenic origin. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a case of 11-year-old male who presented with right limb weakness and walking instability. DIAGNOSIS: Magnetic resonance angiography as well as digital subtraction angiogram (DSA) of the neck demonstrated a right VAVF. The cervical medulla was compressed by a dilated vein in vertebral canal. The blood supply of the fistula was from the right vertebral artery, whereas drainage was via epidural and paraspinal venous plexus. INTERVENTIONS: We introduced the TransForm Occlusion Balloon Catheter into right vertebral artery, identified the VAVF, and occluded it with the balloon. OUTCOMES: We successfully obliterated the VAVF with patency of parent vertebral artery with a balloon. The symptoms of the patient were relieved after the procedure. Two years' follow-up revealed no recurrence of the fistula. The patient is currently well. LESSONS: Patency of the parent artery following obliteration a VAVF is still a challenge. Obliteration of the VAVF with a balloon while the parent vertebral artery is still patent is very possible.


Assuntos
Fístula Arteriovenosa/cirurgia , Oclusão com Balão/métodos , Artéria Vertebral/anormalidades , Angiografia Digital , Fístula Arteriovenosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Criança , Humanos , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pescoço/irrigação sanguínea , Pescoço/diagnóstico por imagem , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular , Artéria Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Vertebral/cirurgia
6.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 11(5): 1188-1193, out.-dez. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1022221

RESUMO

Objetivo: Identificar os fatores de risco/condicionantes para a falência da fístula arteriovenosa e analisar os cuidados necessários para manutenção da fístula arteriovenosa. Métodos: Estudo piloto realizado com 10 participantes com histórico de falência de fístula arteriovenosa, com dados coletados por meio de formulário e analisados por estatística descritiva, aceito pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa do Hospital Universitário Pedro Ernesto, com número do CAAE nº 64150117.2.0000.5259. Resultados: A idade média foi de 57,3 anos. A hipertensão arterial foi a doença prévia mais comum encontrada entre os participantes. A hipotensão e as punções repetidas foram os fatores de risco/condicionantes com maior ocorrência. Conclusão: a maioria dos participantes possuíam baixa escolaridade e informaram ter tido alguma complicação na FAV. A hipotensão como fator condicionante para falência das FAV, permaneceu de forma frequente entre os participantes. Observou-se que grande parte já realizava tratamento dialítico prévio


Objective: The study's purpose has been to identify the risk/conditioning factors for Arteriovenous Fistula Failure (AVF), and also to analyze the care required for handling the arteriovenous fistula. Methods: It is a pilot study that was carried out with 10 participants showing a history of AVF. The data were collected through a form and analyzed by descriptive statistics. This research was accepted by the Research Ethics Committee from the Pedro Ernesto University Hospital, under the Certificado de Apresentação para Apreciação Ética (CAAE) [Certificate of Presentation for Ethical Appreciation] No. 64150117.2.0000.5259. Results: The average age was 57.3 years old. Arterial hypertension was the most common prior disease among the participants. Hypotension and repeated punctures were the most frequent risk/conditioning factors. Conclusion: A relevant percentage of the participants had little education and reported having had some complication in the AVF. Hypotension, as a conditioning factor for AVF failure, remained frequent among the participants. It was observed that a large part of the participants have undergone dialysis treatment previously


Objetivo: Identificar los factores de riesgo / condicionantes para la quiebra de la fístula arteriovenosa y analizar los cuidados necesarios para el mantenimiento de la fístula arteriovenosa. Métodos: Estudio piloto realizado con 10 participantes con historial de fallo de fístula arteriovenosa, con datos recogidos por medio de formulario y analizados por estadística descriptiva, aceptado por el Comité de Ética en Investigación del Hospital Universitario Pedro Ernesto, con número del CAAE nº 64150117.2.0000.5259 . Resultados: La edad media fue de 57,3 años. La hipertensión arterial fue la enfermedad previa más común entre los participantes. La hipotensión y las punciones repetidas fueron los factores de riesgo / condicionantes con mayor ocurrencia. Conclusión: la mayoría de los participantes tenían baja escolaridad e informaron haber tenido alguna complicación en la FAV. La hipotensión como factor condicionante para la quiebra de las FAV, permaneció de forma frecuente entre los participantes. Se observó que gran parte ya realizaba tratamiento dialítico previo


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Fístula Arteriovenosa/complicações , Diálise Renal , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Brasil , Fístula Arteriovenosa/prevenção & controle
7.
Nephrol. dial. transplant ; 34(10): 1746-1765, Oct. 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | BIGG | ID: biblio-1026220

RESUMO

There are three principle forms of vascular access available for the treatment of children with end stage kidney disease (ESKD) by haemodialysis: tunnelled catheters placed in a central vein (central venous lines, CVLs), arteriovenous fistulas (AVF), and arteriovenous grafts (AVG) using prosthetic orbiological material. Compared with the adult literature, there are few studies in children to provide evidence based guidelines for optimal vascular access type or its management and outcomes in children with ESKD.


Assuntos
Fístula Arteriovenosa/diagnóstico , Fístula Arteriovenosa/prevenção & controle , Fístula Arteriovenosa/terapia , Anastomose Arteriovenosa/fisiologia , Pressão Venosa Central/fisiologia
8.
Neurology ; 93(14): e1374-e1384, 2019 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31511351

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To discover the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of patients with treated arteriovenous malformation (AVM), we used the self-applicable HRQOL instrument, the 15D, and analyzed the scores in both in the whole study population and specified cohorts. METHODS: The 15D questionnaires were mailed to adult patients with AVM alive in 2016 (n = 432) in our database. Patients with completely eradicated AVM (n = 262) were included in a subsequent analysis. The results were compared with those of the general population standardized for age and sex. Subgroup analyses were conducted for epilepsy, number of bleeding episodes, location of the lesion, modified Rankin Scale score, and Spetzler-Ponce classification (SPC) using independent-samples t test or analysis of covariance. Tobit regression was used to explain the variance in the 15D score. RESULTS: Patients had impaired HRQOL compared to the reference population (p < 0.0001). Deep location, multiple bleeding episodes, and refractory epilepsy were associated with impaired HRQOL. Patients in SPC A and B had similar posttreatment 15D scores, whereas those in class C had an impaired HRQOL. Significant explanatory variables in the regression model were age, sex, number of bleeding episodes, refractory epilepsy, and SPC. CONCLUSIONS: With careful patient selection, patients in SPC B can reach as favorable HRQOL as those in SPC A provided the operation is successful. Multiple bleeding episodes should be prevented with effective treatment aiming at complete AVM obliteration. The postoperative treatment of patients with AVM should focus on preventing depressive symptoms, anxiety, and epileptic seizures. We encourage other research groups to use HRQOL instruments to fully understand the consequences of neurologic and neurosurgical diseases on patients' HRQOL.


Assuntos
Fístula Arteriovenosa/metabolismo , Fístula Arteriovenosa/psicologia , Malformações Arteriovenosas Intracranianas/metabolismo , Malformações Arteriovenosas Intracranianas/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fístula Arteriovenosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Malformações Arteriovenosas Intracranianas/diagnóstico por imagem , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
11.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 39(3): 94-97, sept. 2019. ilus.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1048277

RESUMO

Las fístulas arteriovenosas durales medulares son malformaciones vasculares adquiridas que constituyen una causa muy infrecuente de mielopatía progresiva (5-10 casos por millón de habitantes por año). La resonancia magnética es el estudio por imágenes de elección para su diagnóstico. A continuación presentamos el caso de una paciente femenina de 89 años, que consultó a la guardia de nuestra institución por un cuadro de paraparesia moderada asociada a parestesias e incontinencia urinaria posterior a esfuerzo físico. Se le diagnosticó una fístula arteriovenosa dural medular como causante de su cuadro. (AU)


Spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (SDAVF) are acquired spinal vascular malformations and a rare cause of progressive myelopathy (5-10 new cases per year and per 1 million inhabitants). Magnetic resonance imaging is the diagnosis modality of choice. We present a case of a 89-year-old female patient who consulted the emergency department of our institution because of paraparesis and lower extremities paresthesias associated with urinary incontinence post physical effort. With the final diagnosis of spinal dural arteriovenous fistula, as a cause of the clinical symptoms. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fístula Arteriovenosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Dura-Máter/anormalidades , Parestesia , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Doenças da Medula Espinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Tabagismo/complicações , Incontinência Urinária , Fístula Arteriovenosa/etiologia , Fístula Arteriovenosa/epidemiologia , Dor Lombar/complicações , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/complicações , Paraparesia , Incontinência Fecal , Hipertensão/complicações , Hipestesia , Disfunção Erétil , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico
12.
BMJ Case Rep ; 12(8)2019 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31401571

RESUMO

A woman with asymptomatic pulmonary arteriovenous malformation (PAVM) discovered incidentally on admission developed recurrent generalised seizures. Immediately after, the PAVM demonstrated marked expansion, and was safely resected. Congenital PAVMs (associated with hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia or sporadic) are considered stable lesions that exhibit very slow growth if at all. A review of the literature reveals all circumstances of accelerated growth of PAVM (puberty, pregnancy, postpartum, pulmonary hypertension) and suggests a novel mechanism of seizure-associated expansion. This is important because the size and rapid growth of PAVMs correlate with the potential for rupture and other ominous complications such as right to left shunt and paradoxical emboli. The new seizures-PAVM progression association mandates recognition since the risk of seizures in patients with PAVM is substantial. Our observations strongly suggest the need to monitor PAVM in patients with or without haemorrhagic telangiectasis by repeated imaging after generalised seizures to evaluate potential expansion and risk.


Assuntos
Fístula Arteriovenosa/complicações , Pulmão/patologia , Artéria Pulmonar/anormalidades , Veias Pulmonares/anormalidades , Convulsões/etiologia , Fístula Arteriovenosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Fístula Arteriovenosa/cirurgia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Pulmão/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Artéria Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Pulmonar/cirurgia , Veias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
14.
Methodist Debakey Cardiovasc J ; 15(2): 152-155, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31384380

RESUMO

Iatrogenic aortocaval fistula is an extremely rare pathologic condition that often results in clinically significant left-to-right extracardiac shunt. In slow-progressing cases, chronic right-sided heart failure can occur and, in some patients, may persist for years. We present a patient with a long-standing aortocaval fistula that was causing high-flow left-to-right shunting, tricuspid regurgitation, severe pulmonary hypertension, and right-side heart failure. After undergoing complete endoscopic isolation of the aortocaval fistula, the patient experienced dramatic clinical improvement and continued to have excellent imaging and clinical resolution after 2 years of follow-up.


Assuntos
Aorta/fisiopatologia , Fístula Arteriovenosa/terapia , Embolização Terapêutica , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia , Doença Iatrogênica , Veia Cava Inferior/fisiopatologia , Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Aortografia/métodos , Fístula Arteriovenosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Fístula Arteriovenosa/etiologia , Fístula Arteriovenosa/fisiopatologia , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Ecocardiografia Doppler em Cores , Embolização Terapêutica/instrumentação , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipertensão Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Flebografia/métodos , Desenho de Prótese , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional , Dispositivo para Oclusão Septal , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Veia Cava Inferior/diagnóstico por imagem
16.
World Neurosurg ; 132: e604-e612, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31442655

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Large brain arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) pose a management dilemma because of the limited success of any single treatment modality by itself. Surgery alone is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Similarly, embolization alone has limited efficacy. Volume-staged Gamma Knife radiosurgery (VSGR) has been developed for the treatment of large AVMs to increase the efficacy and improve safety of treatment of these lesions. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of VSGR technique for the treatment of large brain AVMs. METHODS: The study included patients treated by VSGR between May 2009 and July 2015. All patients had large AVMs (>10 mL). There were 29 patients. RESULTS: Twenty-four patients completed radiographic follow-up, with 15 obliteration cases (62.5%). A total of 56 sessions were performed. The mean AVM volume was 16 mL (range, 10.1-29.3 mL). The mean prescription dose was 18 Gy (range, 14-22 Gy). The mean follow-up duration was 43 months (range, 21-73 months). One patient died during follow-up of an unrelated cause. Two patients had hemorrhage during follow-up. Symptomatic edema developed in 5 patients (17%). The factors affecting obliteration were smaller total volume, higher dose/stage, nondeep location, compact AVM, AVM score <3, >18 Gy dose, and <15 mL total volume. The factors affecting symptomatic edema were smaller total volume and shorter time between first and last sessions (P = 0.012). T2 image changes were affected by Spetzler-Martin grade ≥3 (P = 0.013) and AVM score ≥3 (P = 0.014). CONCLUSIONS: VSGR provides an effective and safe treatment option for large brain AVMs. Smaller AVM volume is associated with higher obliteration rate.


Assuntos
Fístula Arteriovenosa/cirurgia , Malformações Arteriovenosas Intracranianas/cirurgia , Radiocirurgia/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
17.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(15)2019 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31382707

RESUMO

The classifier of support vector machine (SVM) learning for assessing the quality of arteriovenous fistulae (AVFs) in hemodialysis (HD) patients using a new photoplethysmography (PPG) sensor device is presented in this work. In clinical practice, there are two important indices for assessing the quality of AVF: the blood flow volume (BFV) and the degree of stenosis (DOS). In hospitals, the BFV and DOS of AVFs are nowadays assessed using an ultrasound Doppler machine, which is bulky, expensive, hard to use, and time consuming. In this study, a newly-developed PPG sensor device was utilized to provide patients and doctors with an inexpensive and small-sized solution for ubiquitous AVF assessment. The readout in this sensor was custom-designed to increase the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and reduce the environment interference via maximizing successfully the full dynamic range of measured PPG entering an analog-digital converter (ADC) and effective filtering techniques. With quality PPG measurements obtained, machine learning classifiers including SVM were adopted to assess AVF quality, where the input features are determined based on optical Beer-Lambert's law and hemodynamic model, to ensure all the necessary features are considered. Finally, the clinical experiment results showed that the proposed PPG sensor device successfully achieved an accuracy of 87.84% based on SVM analysis in assessing DOS at AVF, while an accuracy of 88.61% was achieved for assessing BFV at AVF.


Assuntos
Fístula Arteriovenosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Falência Renal Crônica/patologia , Aprendizado de Máquina , Fotopletismografia/métodos , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional/fisiologia , Fístula Arteriovenosa/classificação , Constrição Patológica/classificação , Constrição Patológica/patologia , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Falência Renal Crônica/complicações , Fotopletismografia/instrumentação , Razão Sinal-Ruído
19.
Can Assoc Radiol J ; 70(3): 300-306, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31376886

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Arteriovenous fistulas and grafts, necessary for hemodialysis, may develop stenoses due to neointimal hyperplasia, which often require percutaneous transluminal angioplasty. Patient and lesion characteristics were evaluated prior to angioplasty and were correlated with 1- and 6-month outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was an observational study of African American hemodialysis patients who presented for angioplasty of a dysfunctional fistula or graft. Clinical outcomes were ascertained from dialysis facilities 1 month and 6 months after angioplasty. One-month clinical success was defined as dialyzer blood flows of 450 mL/min without complications or interval shunt thrombosis, interventions, or loss of access, which was rarely achieved at 6 months. Logistic regression models were used to evaluate associations of clinical variables with outcomes. RESULTS: There were 150 stenoses treated during 99 procedures performed on 82 patients. The clinical success rate at one month was 67% with no complications as a result of the percutaneous transluminal angioplasty. Success at 1 month was positively associated with use of aspirin (P = .005) and with referral for high venous pressures (P = .004). Six-month data were available for 81 procedures, with 45.7% requiring repeat angioplasty and 12.3% suffering major complications (thrombectomy, revision surgery, or access abandonment). Major complications were seen predominantly in patients who were not receiving aspirin. CONCLUSIONS: Aspirin use and high venous pressure were associated with 1-month clinical success and fewer major complications at 6 months. Future work should investigate biologic mechanisms of action of aspirin and long-term effects of use to maintain vascular access.


Assuntos
Afro-Americanos/estatística & dados numéricos , Angioplastia/métodos , Fístula Arteriovenosa/terapia , Diálise Renal/efeitos adversos , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/administração & dosagem , Fístula Arteriovenosa/etiologia , Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
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