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1.
BMJ Open ; 9(10): e027991, 2019 10 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31619418

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Female genital fistula is a debilitating traumatic injury, largely birth-associated, globally affecting up to 2 million women, mostly in sub-Saharan Africa. Fistula has significant physical, psychological and economic consequences. Women often face challenges in reintegrating and resuming prior roles despite successful surgery. Synthesising the evidence on services adjunct to fistula surgery and their outcomes is important for developing the evidence base for best practices and identifying research priorities. This scoping review seeks to examine the range of rehabilitation and reintegration services provided as adjunct to genital fistula surgery, map the existing programming and outcomes, and identify areas for additional research. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Our scoping review is informed by existing methodological frameworks and will be conducted in accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses-ScR guidelines. The search strategy will be applied to nine biomedical, public health and social science databases. The initial search was completed on 27 September 2018. Grey literature will be identified through targeted Google searches and from organisational websites identified as relevant by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) Campaign to End Fistula. We will iteratively build our search strategy through term harvesting and review, and search reference lists of reports and articles to identify additional studies. Two reviewers will independently screen titles and abstracts, followed by full-text screening of all potentially relevant articles and standardised data extraction. Articles eligible for inclusion will discuss research or programmatic efforts around service provision in adjunct to surgery among females with genital fistula. Data will be presented in summary tables accompanied by narrative description. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethics approval is not required for a scoping review. Our results can be used to inform policy, serve as support for funding and development of reintegration programmes and highlight areas for subsequent research. Results will be disseminated at relevant conferences and published in a peer-reviewed journal.


Assuntos
Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/cirurgia , Fístula Vaginal/reabilitação , Fístula Vaginal/cirurgia , Incontinência Fecal/etiologia , Incontinência Fecal/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Infertilidade Feminina/etiologia , Infertilidade Feminina/psicologia , Dor/etiologia , Dor/psicologia , Gravidez , Projetos de Pesquisa , Literatura de Revisão como Assunto , Estigma Social , Incontinência Urinária/etiologia , Incontinência Urinária/psicologia , Fístula Vaginal/psicologia
2.
Cult Health Sex ; 17(2): 150-64, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25317830

RESUMO

Despite growing recognition of the importance of linking obstetric fistula prevention and treatment strategies with rehabilitation and social reintegration programmes, little research and programming has been oriented toward this goal. Using in-depth interviews, this study aimed to examine the experiences of 51 Ethiopian women after fistula repair surgery to identify priority post-repair interventions that could maximise their quality of life. The results showed that the majority of women felt a dramatic sensation of relief and happiness following repair, yet some continued to experience mental anguish, stigma, and physical problems regardless of the outcome of the procedure. All women suffered intense fear of developing another fistula, most commonly from sex or childbirth. Despite this, the majority of women had sex or planned to do so, while a smaller cohort avoided intercourse and childbearing, thus subjecting them to isolation, marital conflict, and/or economic vulnerability. Our findings suggest that obstetric fistula programmes should integrate (1) post-repair counselling about fistula and risk factors for recurrence, (2) community-based follow-up care, (3) linkages to income-generating opportunities, (4) engagement of women affected by fistula for community outreach, and (5) metrics for evaluating rehabilitation and social reintegration efforts to ensure women regain healthy, productive lives.


Assuntos
Política Pública , Qualidade de Vida , Isolamento Social , Participação Social , Estigma Social , Fístula Vaginal/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Etiópia , Feminino , Humanos , Comportamento Sexual , Resultado do Tratamento , Fístula Vaginal/reabilitação , Fístula Vaginal/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
3.
Int J Gynaecol Obstet ; 127(2): 127-31, 2014 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25022342

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe components of a physical therapy pilot program for women with gynecologic fistula, and to report prospective data from the first 2 years of program implementation. METHODS: A single-cohort observational study with repeated measures was conducted at HEAL Africa Hospital, Goma, Democratic Republic of Congo. Hospital staff received training in pelvic floor physical therapy. Guidelines for exercise, functional training, and reproductive health education were integrated into the existing program. Demographics, clinical findings, and functional outcomes were recorded. Key stakeholders were interviewed to understand the perceived strengths and limitations of the program. RESULTS: A total of 205 women were followed up; 161 participated in physical therapy, with an average of 9.45 sessions. Of 161 women examined postoperatively, 102 (63.4%) reported no incontinence; they remained continent at discharge. Of 21 who indicated a change in level of incontinence during postoperative physical therapy, 15 (71.4%) improved. The program was feasible and well received by staff and patients. CONCLUSION: Pelvic floor physical therapy could have significant results in women with gynecologic fistula, may be an important adjunctive treatment in comprehensive fistula care, and warrants further investigation.


Assuntos
Terapia por Exercício , Fístula Vaginal/reabilitação , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Terapia Combinada , República Democrática do Congo , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Diafragma da Pelve , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos , Incontinência Urinária/etiologia , Incontinência Urinária/terapia , Fístula Vaginal/complicações , Fístula Vaginal/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
4.
Patient Educ Couns ; 80(2): 262-5, 2010 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20034756

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to evaluate the first formal counseling program for obstetric fistula patients in Eritrea. METHODS: To evaluate the impact of the counseling program, clients were interviewed both before pre-operative counseling and again after post-operative counseling. A questionnaire was used in the interviews to assess women's knowledge about fistula, self-esteem, and their behavioral intentions for health maintenance and social reintegration following surgical repair. In addition, two focus groups were conducted with a total of 19 clients assessing their experiences with the surgical care and counseling. RESULTS: Data from the questionnaires revealed significant improvements in women's knowledge about fistula, self-esteem, and behavioral intentions following counseling. Focus group data also supported increased knowledge and self-esteem. CONCLUSION: Evaluation of the short-term impact of an initial formal counseling program for fistula patients in sub-Saharan Africa affirmed the positive effects that such a program has for fistula patients, with increased knowledge about the causes of fistula, fistula prevention and enhanced self-esteem. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: Culturally appropriate counseling can be incorporated into services for surgical repair of obstetric fistula in low-resource settings and has the potential to improve the physical and mental well-being of women undergoing fistula repair.


Assuntos
Aconselhamento , Educação em Saúde , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Fístula Vaginal/cirurgia , Currículo , Eritreia , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Gravidez , Percepção Social , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fístula Vaginal/prevenção & controle , Fístula Vaginal/reabilitação
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