Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 15.975
Filtrar
1.
Food Chem ; 370: 131028, 2022 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34525424

RESUMO

Macadamia nut is an increasingly popular food item of a healthy diet. However, macadamia nut is also a potent allergenic food. To date, there is little information about the allergenic proteins involved. In this study, using sera from macadamia nut allergic individuals, four IgE-binding proteins were detected. Their identities were determined by tandem mass spectrometry with de novo sequencing. Three IgE-reactive proteins, the vicilin Mac i 1, the legumin Mac i 2 and the antimicrobial peptide 2a/Mac i 1 (28-76) were purified from the nut while the non-specific lipid transfer protein was produced as a recombinant in Pichia pastoris. IgE-binding assays using sera from well-characterized groups of tree nut and/or peanut allergic patients revealed that the allergens were mainly recognized by sera from macadamia nut allergic individuals. Hence, these newly discovered allergens will enable molecular diagnostics to identify patients at high risk of macadamia nut allergy.


Assuntos
Fabaceae , Hipersensibilidade a Noz , Alérgenos , Humanos , Macadamia/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas Citotóxicas Formadoras de Poros , Saccharomycetales , Proteínas de Armazenamento de Sementes
2.
J Sci Food Agric ; 102(1): 8-18, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34453343

RESUMO

Research into dairy-free alternative products, whether plant-based or cell-based, is growing fast and the food industry is facing a new challenge of creating innovative, nutritious, accessible, and natural dairy-free cheese alternatives. The market demand for these products is continuing to increase owing to more people choosing to reduce or eliminate meat and dairy products from their diet for health, environmental sustainability, and/or ethical reasons. This review investigates the current status of dairy product alternatives. Legume proteins have good technological properties and are cheap, which gives them a strong commercial potential to be used in plant-based cheese-like products. However, few legume proteins have been explored in the formulation, development, and manufacture of a fully dairy-free cheese because of their undesirable properties: heat stable anti-nutritional factors and a beany flavor. These can be alleviated by novel or traditional and economical techniques. The improvement and diversification of the formulation of legume-based cheese alternatives is strongly suggested as a low-cost step towards more sustainable food chains. © 2021 The Authors. Journal of The Science of Food and Agriculture published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Queijo/análise , Fabaceae/química , Ingredientes de Alimentos/análise , Manipulação de Alimentos , Humanos , Paladar
3.
J Sci Food Agric ; 102(1): 156-166, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34080187

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cereal-legume intercropping systems are an environmentally friendly practice in sustainable agriculture. However, research on the interspecific interaction of nitrogen (N) between rice and aquatic legumes has rarely been undertaken. To address this issue, a pot experiment was conducted to investigate N utilization and the N interaction between rice and water mimosa (Neptunia oleracea Lour.) in an intercropping system. The root barrier patterns consisted of solid barrier (SB), mesh barrier (MB), and no barrier (NB) treatments. The N fertilizer application rates were low, medium, and high N rates. RESULTS: The results showed that the NB treatment better facilitated rice growth compared with the MB and SB treatments. And the nitrate N content and urease activity of rice rhizospheric soil in the NB treatment were the highest of the three separated patterns. The ammonium N content in water mimosa rhizospheric soil and N2 fixation of water mimosa ranked as NB > MB > SB. CONCLUSIONS: The amount of N fixation by water mimosa was 4.38-13.64 mg/pot, and the N transfer from water mimosa to rice was 3.97-9.54 mg/pot. This can promote the growth of rice and reduce the application of N fertilizer. We suggest that the rice-water mimosa intercropping system is a sustainable ecological farming approach and can be applied in the field to facilitate rice production. © 2021 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Produção Agrícola/métodos , Fabaceae/metabolismo , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Oryza/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Fabaceae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Fertilizantes/análise , Nitratos/metabolismo , Fixação de Nitrogênio , Oryza/metabolismo , Raízes de Plantas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Solo/química
4.
Food Chem ; 368: 130761, 2022 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34392119

RESUMO

Raffinose family oligosaccharides are non-digestible compounds considered as dietary prebiotics with health-related properties. Hence, it is important to develop highly specific methods for their determination. An analytical method is developed in this study for oligosaccharide identification and quantification using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry equipped with a triple quadrupole analyser operating in Multiple Reaction Monitoring mode. Raffinose, stachyose and verbascose are separated in a 10-minute run and the method is validated over a broad concentration range, showing good linearity, accuracy, precision and high sensitivity. A low-cost, short eco-friendly procedure for oligosaccharide extraction from legumes, with a high recovery rate extraction, good repeatability and reproducibility is also proposed. No plant-matrix effects were demonstrated. The method applied to the screening of 28 different legumes revealed species-related traits for oligosaccharide distribution, highlighting Pisum sativum (9.22 g/100 g) as the richest source of these prebiotics and its suitability as a functional food ingredient.


Assuntos
Fabaceae , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cromatografia Líquida , Espectrometria de Massas , Oligossacarídeos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
5.
Multimedia | Recursos Multimídia | ID: multimedia-9350

RESUMO

Nosso queridinho de todo dia, o Feijão, fica mais fácil de ser preparado quando se há estratégia para cozinhar. Fique ligado nas dicas para facilitar o dia o dia na cozinha! Para saber mais sobre estratégias para facilitar o dia a dia na cozinha.


Assuntos
Fabaceae , Culinária , Dieta Saudável , Alimentos Integrais
6.
Multimedia | Recursos Multimídia | ID: multimedia-9378

RESUMO

O grão mais famoso do país, o feijão, é um dos ingredientes principais da comida do brasileiro. Essa leguminosa rica em nutrientes e variedades, diz muito também sobre a nossa cultura. Conheça os caminhos que o feijão percorre do campo até a nossa mesa.


Assuntos
Produção de Alimentos , Horticultura , Fabaceae
7.
Zootaxa ; 5048(2): 151-175, 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34810808

RESUMO

Two new Haploops species are described from the North Atlantic Ocean: a blind species Haploops faroensis spec. nov. and Haploops truncata spec. nov. with a single pair of corneal lenses. In addition, Haploops vallifera Stephensen 1925 and Haploops similis Stephensen 1925, are re-described and the status of Haploops spinosa Shoemaker 1931, is re-established as a valid species. A table is given of the 75 morphological characters of the studied species.


Assuntos
Anfípodes , Fabaceae , Animais , Oceano Atlântico
8.
Rev Med Chil ; 149(5): 698-707, 2021 May.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34751322

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Legumes are low cost and high-quality nutritional foods. In Chile, a twice per week legume consumption is recommended to promote health and prevent disease. AIM: To characterize the consumption of legumes according to sociodemographic and anthropometric variables in the Chilean adult population. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Analysis of data from 5,473 participants of the 2016-2017 National Health Survey. The compliance with legume consumption was studied in population groups, according to sociodemographic and anthropometric characteristics, through logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: Only 24% of all participants (51.4% of women) fulfilled legume intake recommendations. After adjusting for sociodemographic variables, the participants who were less likely to comply with the recommendation were widowers (Odds Ratio (OR): 0.58 [95% confidence intervals (CI): (0.40; 0.85]). On the contrary, people between 70-80 years (OR: 1.78 [95% CI: 1.11; 2.88]), those who resided in rural areas (OR: 1.62 [95% CI: 1.25; 2.10]) and those who resided in the Maule region (OR: 2.11 [95% CI: 1.37, 3.25]) had a higher likelihood of compliance. CONCLUSIONS: One out of four Chileans complied with the recommendations of legume consumption. Even though the results differed when stratified by sex, it is highlighted that living in rural areas increased the probabilities of an adequate legume consumption.


Assuntos
Fabaceae , Adulto , Chile/epidemiologia , Dieta , Promoção da Saúde , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos
9.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 71(11)2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34739366

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, yellow-pigmented bacterium, designated as L7T, was isolated from seeds of Alhagi sparsifolia Shap., a leguminous plant that grows in northwest PR China. Strain L7T was found to be non-flagellated, non-spore forming rods which can grow at 10-37 °C, pH 6.0-8.5 and in 0-3 % (v/w) NaCl concentration. The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strain L7T belongs to the genus Chryseobacterium with sequence similarities to Chryseobacterium vietnamense GIMN1.005T (98.1%), C. bernardetii NCCTC13530T (98.0%), C. vrystaatense LMG 22846T (97.9%), C. nakagawai NCTC13529T (97.7%), C. shigense DSM 17126T (97.6%) and C. rhizosphaerae RSB3-1T (97.5%). The average nucleotide identity of strain L7T to 31 reference strains were 78.6-85.6 %, lower than the species delineation threshold of 95 %. MK-6 was the only respiratory quinone of L7T and major fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, iso-C17 : 0 3-OH, C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c, isoC17 : 1 ω9c and/or C16 : 0 10-methyl. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, three unidentified aminophospholipids, two unidentified aminolipids, three unidentified glycolipids and two unidentified lipids. The G+C content of the genome was 38.58 mol%. On the basis of polyphasic taxonomy analyses in this study, strain L7T is considered to represent a novel species in the genus Chryseobacterium, for which the name Chryseobacterium endalhagicum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is L7T (=MCCC 1K05687T=JCM 34506T).


Assuntos
Chryseobacterium , Fabaceae , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Chryseobacterium/genética , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Sementes , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2
10.
Toxicon ; 203: 121-128, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34662629

RESUMO

Leucaena leucocephala is a worldwide plant used as forage; however, its use in animal production has been limited because of the presence of a toxic nonprotein amino acid, L-mimosine. L-mimosine exhibits negative effects not only in ruminants but also in monogastric animals; however, there is little information available on the effect of this amino acid in monogastric species. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the general toxicity of L-mimosine in rats, as well as its effects on the endocrine and reproductive systems. L-mimosine was extracted from seeds of L. leucocephala that were administered orally by gavage to adult Wistar rats at different doses of 25, 40 and 60 mg/kg body weight/day for 28 days. The following parameters were evaluated: weight gain, feed intake, serum enzymes, histopathology (liver, kidney, thyroid, thymus, and spleen), serum hormones (testosterone, corticosterone, T3 and T4) and sexual behavior. No clinical signs of toxicity were observed in animals, but histopathology revealed consistent lesions in the thyroids. Additionally, rats exposed to L-mimosine presented low serum levels of testosterone, decreased mount numbers and increased mount intervals. Therefore, our study reinforces the assumption that L-mimosine has goitrogenic potential and causes impairment in male reproductive performance.


Assuntos
Fabaceae , Mimosina , Animais , Genitália , Mimosina/toxicidade , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Glândula Tireoide
11.
Syst Appl Microbiol ; 44(6): 126268, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34649028

RESUMO

Inga (Caesalpinioideae) is the type genus of the Ingeae tribe in the mimosoid clade. It comprises about 300 species, all trees or treelets, and has an exclusively neotropical distribution, with Brazil as its main center of diversity. In this study, we analyzed the diversity of 40 strains of rhizobia isolated from root nodules collected from ten species of Inga belonging to different types of vegetation in Brazil. Sequences of their housekeeping genes (dnaK, recA, rpoB, gyrB and glnII), 16S rRNA genes, internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions, as well as their symbiosis-essential genes (nodC and nifH) were used to characterize them genetically. The ability of the rhizobia to form nodules on Inga spp., and on the promiscuous legume siratro (Macroptilium atropurpureum) was also evaluated. A multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA) combined with an analysis of the ITS region showed that the isolates were distributed into four main groups (A-D) within the large genus Bradyrhizobium. Analysis of the nodC and nifH genes showed that the isolates formed a separate branch from all described species of Bradyrhizobium, except for B. ingae. Most of the tested isolates formed nodules on siratro and all isolates tested nodulated Inga spp. Our results suggest a unique co-evolutionary history of Bradyrhizobium and Inga and demonstrate the existence of potential new species of microsymbionts nodulating this important and representative genus of leguminous tree from the Caesalpinioideae mimosoid clade.


Assuntos
Bradyrhizobium , Fabaceae , Bradyrhizobium/genética , Brasil , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Nódulos Radiculares de Plantas , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Simbiose
12.
Syst Appl Microbiol ; 44(6): 126264, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34601230

RESUMO

The study of the nitrogen fixation and phylogenetic diversity of nodule microsymbionts of grain legumes in many parts of the globe is often carried out in order to identify legume-rhizobia combinations for agricultural sustainability. Several reports have therefore found that rhizobial species diversity is shaped by edapho-climatic conditions that characterize different geographic locations, suggesting that rhizobial communities often possess traits that aid their adaptation to their habitat. In this study, the soybean-nodulating rhizobia from semi-arid savannahs of Ghana and South Africa were evaluated. The authenticated rhizobial isolates were highly diverse based on their colony characteristics, as well as their BOX-PCR profiles and gene sequences. In the 16S rRNA phylogeny, the isolates were placed in the different clades Bradyrhizobium iriomotense and Bradyrhizobium jicamae together with two superclades Bradyrhizobium japonicum and Bradyrhizobium elkanii. The multilocus (atpD, glnII, gyrB, recA) phylogenetic analyses indicated the dominance of Bradyrhizobium diazoefficiens and putative new Bradyrhizobium species in the semi-arid Ghanaian region. The phylogenetic analyses based on the symbiotic genes (nifH and nodC) clustered the test isolates into different symbiovars (sv. glycinearum, sv. retame and sv. sojae). Principal component analysis (PCA) showed that soil factors played a significant role in favoring the occurrence of soybean-nodulating microsymbionts in the tested local conditions. The results suggested that isolates had marked local adaptation to the prevailing conditions in semi-arid regions but further studies are needed to confirm new Bradyrhizobium species.


Assuntos
Fabaceae , Soja , Bradyrhizobium , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Genótipo , Gana , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Nódulos Radiculares de Plantas , Análise de Sequência de DNA , África do Sul
14.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e245536, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34669792

RESUMO

Acacia mangium (Willd., 1806) (Fabales: Fabaceae) is a fast growing, rustic, pioneer species, with potential to fix nitrogen, and for programs to recover degraded areas. The objective was to evaluate the distribution and the functional diversity of interactions and the K-dominance of arthropod groups on A. mangium saplings. The number of individuals of eleven species of phytophagous insects, three bee species, and fourteen natural enemy species were highest on the adaxial leaf surface of this plant. Abundance, diversity and species richness of phytophagous insects and natural enemies, and abundance and species richness of pollinators were highest on the adaxial A. mangium leaf surface. The distribution of five species of sap-sucking hemipterans and six of protocooperating ants (Hymenoptera), with positive interaction between these groups, and three bee species (Hymenoptera) were aggregated on leaves of A. mangium saplings. Aethalion reticulatum (L.) (Hemiptera: Aethalionidae) and Bemisia sp. (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae); Brachymyrmex sp. and Camponotus sp. (Hymenoptera: Formicidae); and Trigona spinipes Fabricius (Hymenoptera: Apidae) were the most dominant phytophagous insects, natural enemies, and pollinators, respectively, on A. mangium leaves. Knowledge of preferred leaf surfaces could help integrated pest management programs.


Assuntos
Acacia , Formigas , Artrópodes , Fabaceae , Animais , Abelhas , Folhas de Planta
15.
Mol Genet Genomics ; 296(6): 1337-1353, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34611751

RESUMO

Vigna is a large, pan-tropic and highly variable group of the legumes family which is known for its > 10 cultivated species having significant commercial value for their nutritious grains and multifarious uses. The wild vignas are considered a reservoir of numerous useful traits which can be deployed for introgression of resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses, seed quality and enhanced survival capability in extreme environments. Nonetheless, for their effective utilization through introgression breeding information on their genetic diversity, population structure and crossability is imperative. Keeping this in view, the present experiment was undertaken with 119 accessions including 99 wild Vigna accessions belonging to 19 species and 18 cultivated genotypes of Vigna and 2 of Phaseolus. Total 102 polymorphic SSRs were deployed to characterize the material at molecular level which produced 1758 alleles. The genotypes were grouped into four major clusters which were further sub-divided in nine sub-clusters. Interestingly, all cultivated species shared a single cluster while no such similarities were observed for the wild accessions as these were distributed in different groups of sub-clusters. The co-dominant allelic data of 114 accessions were then utilized for obtaining status of the accessions and their hybrid forms. The model-based population structure analysis categorized 114 accessions of Vigna into 6 genetically distinct sub-populations (K = 6) following admixture-model based simulation with varying levels of admixture. 91 (79.82%) accessions resembled their hierarchy and 23 (20.18%) accessions were observed as the admixture forms. Maximum number of accessions (25) were grouped in sub-population (SP) 6 and the least accessions were grouped in SP3 and SP5 (11 each). The population genetic structure, therefore, supported genetic diversity analysis and provided an insight into the genetic lineage of these species which will help in effective use of germplasm for development of cultivars following selective prebreeding activities.


Assuntos
Variação Genética/genética , Genética Populacional , Vigna/genética , Alelos , Grão Comestível/genética , Fabaceae/genética , Índia , Repetições de Microssatélites/genética , Melhoramento Vegetal , Locos de Características Quantitativas/genética , Vigna/classificação
16.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(19)2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34638885

RESUMO

Legumes are a better source of proteins and are richer in diverse micronutrients over the nutritional profile of widely consumed cereals. However, when exposed to a diverse range of abiotic stresses, their overall productivity and quality are hugely impacted. Our limited understanding of genetic determinants and novel variants associated with the abiotic stress response in food legume crops restricts its amelioration. Therefore, it is imperative to understand different molecular approaches in food legume crops that can be utilized in crop improvement programs to minimize the economic loss. 'Omics'-based molecular breeding provides better opportunities over conventional breeding for diversifying the natural germplasm together with improving yield and quality parameters. Due to molecular advancements, the technique is now equipped with novel 'omics' approaches such as ionomics, epigenomics, fluxomics, RNomics, glycomics, glycoproteomics, phosphoproteomics, lipidomics, regulomics, and secretomics. Pan-omics-which utilizes the molecular bases of the stress response to identify genes (genomics), mRNAs (transcriptomics), proteins (proteomics), and biomolecules (metabolomics) associated with stress regulation-has been widely used for abiotic stress amelioration in food legume crops. Integration of pan-omics with novel omics approaches will fast-track legume breeding programs. Moreover, artificial intelligence (AI)-based algorithms can be utilized for simulating crop yield under changing environments, which can help in predicting the genetic gain beforehand. Application of machine learning (ML) in quantitative trait loci (QTL) mining will further help in determining the genetic determinants of abiotic stress tolerance in pulses.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Produtos Agrícolas/genética , Fabaceae/genética , Genômica , Melhoramento Vegetal , Estresse Fisiológico/genética , Produtos Agrícolas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Fabaceae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Locos de Características Quantitativas
17.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e248305, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34669795

RESUMO

Fertilization with dehydrated sewage sludge can speed up the recovery process of degraded areas due to nutrients concentration, favoring the development of pioneer plants such as Acacia auriculiformis A. Cunn. ex Beth (Fabales: Fabaceae) and the emergence of insects. This study aimed the evaluation of chewing, pollinating insects, predators, their ecological indices and relationships on A. auriculiformis plants fertilized with dehydrated sewage sludge. The experimental design was completely randomized with two treatments (with and without dehydrated sewage sludge) and 24 repetitions. The prevalence of chewing insects Parasyphraea sp. (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), Nasutitermes sp. (Blattodea: Termitidae), and Tropidacris collaris (Stoll, 1813) (Orthoptera: Romaleidae), defoliation, and ecological indices of abundance of Coleoptera and Orthoptera were observed on fertilized A. auriculiformis. Acacia auriculiformis plants, with a superior number of branches/tree, revealed greater abundance of Coleoptera and Orthoptera, species richness of pollinating insects, defoliation, numbers of Parasyphraea sp. and T. collaris. The ones with larger leaves/branches displayed greater abundance of species richness of Coleoptera and Diabrotica speciosa (Germar, 1824) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Therefore, the use of A. auriculiformis plants, fertilized with dehydrated sewage sludge, is promising in the recovery of degraded areas due to the ecological indices increase of chewing and pollinators insects and spiders in the analyzed area.


Assuntos
Acacia , Fabaceae , Animais , Fertilização , Insetos , Esgotos
18.
Planta ; 254(5): 104, 2021 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34686920

RESUMO

MAIN CONCLUSION: Drought alone and drought plus warming will change the nutrient requirements and biomass distributions of Stylosanthes capitata, while warming will be advantageous only under well-watered condition for the next decades. Climate change effects on natural and managed ecosystems are difficult to predict due to its multi-factor nature. However, most studies that investigate the impacts of climate change factors on plants, such as warming or drought, were conducted under one single stress and controlled environments. In this study, we evaluated the effects of elevated temperature (+ 2 °C) (T) under different conditions of soil water availability (W) to understand the interactive effects of both factors on leaf, stem, and inflorescence macro and micronutrients concentration and biomass allocation of a tropical forage species, Stylosanthes capitata Vogel under field conditions. Temperature control was performed by a temperature free-air controlled enhancement (T-FACE) system. We observed that warming changed nutrient concentrations and plant growth depending on soil moisture levels, but the responses were specific for each plant organ. In general, we found that warming under well-watered conditions greatly improved nutrient concentration and biomass production, whilst the opposite effect was observed under non-irrigated and non-warmed conditions. However, under warmed and non-irrigated conditions, leaf biomass and leaf nutrient concentration were greatly reduced when compared to non-warmed and irrigated plants. Our findings suggest that warming (2 °C above ambient temperature) and drought, as well as both combined stresses, will change the nutrient requirements and biomass distributions between plant aerial organs of S. capitata in tropical ecosystems, which may impact animal feeding in the future.


Assuntos
Secas , Fabaceae , Animais , Biomassa , Dióxido de Carbono , Mudança Climática , Ecossistema , Estado Nutricional , Solo , Água
19.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 93(4): e20191446, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34705934

RESUMO

Floral traits associated with functional groups of pollinators have been largely employed to understand mechanisms of floral diversification. Hymenaea is a monophyletic legume genus widely recognized to being bat-pollinated, with nocturnal anthesis and copious nectar. The most of species has short-paniculate inflorescences, white and robust flowers, congruent with a bat-pollination syndrome. However, other Hymenaea species show a different floral pattern (e.g., long-paniculate inflorescences and smaller flowers) which we report here as being bird pollinated. We examined the floral traits and visitors of Hymenaea oblongifolia var. latifolia and identified evolutionary shifts in floral traits associated with potential pollinators of Hymenaea species. Floral traits of H. oblongifolia var. latifolia differ from those expected for bat-pollinated flowers in species of sect. Hymenaea, and we observed hummingbirds collecting nectar legitimately. Our phylogenetic analysis did not support the monophyly of the taxonomic sections and suggests that bat pollination is ancestral in Hymenaea, with bird pollination evolving later. The transition coupling with shifts in the timing of anthesis and other floral traits. Pollinator-mediated evolutionary divergence hypothesis partially explains the Hymenaea diversification in the Neotropics. It is congruent with those species shifting from traits linked traditionally to bat pollination to hummingbird pollination.


Assuntos
Fabaceae , Hymenaea , Flores , Filogenia , Polinização , Síndrome
20.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 93(suppl 4): e20201673, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34706004

RESUMO

In order to elucidate the role of evolutionary forces in shaping the variation of quantitative traits in Senegalia gilliesii we evaluate seven phenotypic traits in three Argentinean populations, two of them sharing environmental and vegetation type conditions, and a third one ecologically differentiated from the former. The phenotypic traits were compared with molecular markers. Here, we search for signatures of selection by means of the comparison PST-FST . We assessed if the averages of the seven phenotypic traits were different among populations by means of ANOVA and we performed discriminant analysis of principal components (DAPC) for both morphological and molecular data. The ANOVA showed significant results only for two traits. For all foliar traits and two spine traits, the PST-FST comparison suggested the occurrence of stabilizing selection. The DAPC obtained from AFLP data showed three well defined groups of populations; when the same analysis was conducted with morphological data the scatterplot showed high overlapping among individuals and could not separate the populations. Overall, our findings suggest a prominent role of stabilizing selection in all foliar traits and stipular spine length. These results could be extrapolated to other tropical and subtropical acacias. Further studies are needed to analyse the mechanisms underlying genetic differentiation in natural populations of S. gilliesii, find its relationship with eco-geographical variables.


Assuntos
Fabaceae , Análise do Polimorfismo de Comprimento de Fragmentos Amplificados , Deriva Genética , Variação Genética/genética , Humanos , Fenótipo , Seleção Genética
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...