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1.
Arq Bras Cir Dig ; 32(3): e1451, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31644671

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypovolemic shock is a common disease in polytrauma patients and may develop ischemia in various organs, increasing morbidity and mortality. The bowel is usually most affected by this condition. AIM: To evaluate the effects of copaiba oil on the intestinal mucosa's injury of rats submitted to hypovolemic shock. METHOD: Fifteen rats were divided into three groups: sham - simulated surgery; ischemia - animals submitted to hypovolemic shock; and copaiba - animals submitted to hypovolemic shock previously treated with copaiba oil. Mean blood pressure, arterial blood gas after shock induction, degree of intestinal lesion and villus length were evaluated. RESULTS: The sham presented the lowest values of lactate and PaCO2 and the highest values of mean arterial pressure, pH and bicarbonate in relation to the other groups. The degree of mesenteric lesion was zero in the sham group; 3.00±1.00 in the ischemia group; and 3.00±0.71 in the copaiba group. The villus length was 173.60±8.42 in the sham, 142.77±8.33 in the ischemia and 143.01±9.57 in the copaiba group. There was a significant difference between the sham and the other groups (p<0.05); however, there not significant difference between groups Ischemia and copaiba. CONCLUSION: Administration of copaiba oil did not reduce the intestinal mucosa lesion of rats after hypovolemic shock.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Fabaceae/química , Mucosa Intestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Óleos Vegetais/farmacologia , Choque , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Íleo/patologia , Mucosa Intestinal/patologia , Isquemia/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Óleos Vegetais/química , Óleos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos Wistar , Choque/tratamento farmacológico
2.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(37): 10296-10305, 2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464437

RESUMO

Grass pea is an orphan legume that is grown in many places in the world. It is a high-protein, drought-tolerant legume that is capable of surviving extreme environmental challenges and can be a sole food source during famine. However, grass pea produces the neurotoxin ß-N-oxalyl-L-α,ß-diaminopropionic acid (ß-ODAP), which can cause a neurological disease. This crop is promising as a food source for both animals and humans if ß-ODAP levels and other antinutritional factors such as protease inhibitors are lowered or removed. To understand more about these proteins, a proteomic analysis of grass pea was conducted using three different extraction methods to determine which was more efficient at isolating antinutritional factors. Seed proteins extracted with Tris-buffered saline (TBS), 30% ethanol, and 50% isopropanol were identified by mass spectrometry, resulting in the documentation of the most abundant proteins for each extraction method. Mass spectrometry spectral data and BLAST2GO analysis led to the identification of 1376 proteins from all extraction methods. The molecular function of the extracted proteins revealed distinctly different protein functional profiles. The majority of the TBS-extracted proteins were annotated with nutrient reservoir activity, while the isopropanol extraction yielded the highest percentage of endopeptidase proteinase inhibitors. Our results demonstrate that the 50% isopropanol extraction method was the most efficient at isolating antinutritional factors including protease inhibitors.


Assuntos
Fracionamento Químico/métodos , Fabaceae/química , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Inibidores de Proteases/isolamento & purificação , Sementes/química , Endopeptidases/química , Fabaceae/genética , Fabaceae/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Massas , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/química , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteases/química , Inibidores de Proteases/metabolismo , Proteômica , Sementes/genética , Sementes/metabolismo
3.
Food Chem ; 299: 125124, 2019 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31288163

RESUMO

Inflammation plays a key role in diseases such as diabetes, asthma, cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Diet can influence different stages of inflammation and can have an important impact on several inflammatory diseases. Increasing scientific evidence has shown that polyphenolic compounds, such as flavonoids, which are found in fruits, vegetables, legumes, or cocoa, can have anti-inflammatory properties. Recent studies have demonstrated that flavonoids can inhibit regulatory enzymes or transcription factors important for controlling mediators involved in inflammation. Flavonoids are also known as potent antioxidants with the potential to attenuate tissue damage or fibrosis. Consequently, numerous studies in vitro and in animal models have found that flavonoids have the potential to inhibit the onset and development of inflammatory diseases. In the present review, we focused in flavonoids, the most abundant polyphenols in the diet, to give an overview of the most recent scientific knowledge about their impact on different inflammatory diseases.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/tratamento farmacológico , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/análise , Antioxidantes/análise , Cacau/química , Doenças Cardiovasculares/patologia , Dieta , Fabaceae/química , Flavonoides/análise , Frutas/química , Humanos , Neoplasias/patologia , Polifenóis/análise , Polifenóis/farmacologia , Verduras/química
4.
Fitoterapia ; 137: 104264, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31299275

RESUMO

Five undescribed triterpene-type saponins, parkibicolorosides A-E, a cassane-type diterpene, and a known trimethoxy benzene glucoside were isolated from the roots of Parkia bicolor A. Chev. Their structures were elucidated by different spectroscopic methods including 1D- and 2D-NMR experiments as well as HR-ESI-MS analysis. Their cytotoxic activity against the chronic myeloid leukemia (K562) cell line was evaluated. The monosaccharides saponins exhibited a moderate antiproliferative activity with IC50 ranging from 48.49 ±â€¯0.16 to 81.66 ±â€¯0.17 µM.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Fabaceae/química , Raízes de Plantas/química , Saponinas/farmacologia , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Costa do Marfim , Humanos , Células K562 , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Saponinas/isolamento & purificação , Triterpenos/isolamento & purificação
5.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 26(26): 27112-27127, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31317435

RESUMO

In this study, we screened for the antifouling activity of 15 species plant extracts from Brazilian the Brazilian Caatinga Fabaceae against the initial colonization of natural marine bacterial biofilm. We also investigated the potential toxicity of extracts against planktonic and benthic non-target organisms. Aqueous extracts of plants collected in the Caatinga biome (PE, Brazil) were prepared and tested at different concentration levels (0, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, and 8 mg mL-1). Natural marine bacterial consortium was inoculated in multi-well plates and incubated with the different treatments for 48 h. The biofilm and planktonic bacterial density and biomass inhibition were evaluated along with biofilm biomass eradication. The extracts that showed the highest bacterial biofilm inhibition were evaluated for toxicity against microalgae and crustaceans. The biofilm and planktonic bacterial inhibition potential were evaluated through flow cytometry and spectrophotometry. The selected treatments were evaluated for their toxicity using the microalgae Chaetoceros calcitrans, the copepod Nitokra sp., and the brine shrimp Artemia salina as bioindicators. Our work demonstrates the biotechnological potential of Fabaceae plant compounds as a safe antifouling alternative. Anadenanthera colubrina var. cebil fruits and Apuleia leiocarpa leaf extracts showed antibiofilm activity (≥ 80%), while Myroxylon peruiferum and Dioclea grandiflora leaf extracts showed antibiotic activity. These extracts were safe to planktonic and benthic non-target organisms. The results of this study point to potential substitutes to highly toxic antifouling paints and shed light on the prospect of a yet to be explored biome for more sustainable alternatives in biofouling research.


Assuntos
Incrustação Biológica/prevenção & controle , Desinfetantes/farmacologia , Fabaceae/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/toxicidade , Artemia/efeitos dos fármacos , Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Brasil , Copépodes/efeitos dos fármacos , Diatomáceas/efeitos dos fármacos , Desinfetantes/toxicidade , Ecotoxicologia/métodos , Microalgas/efeitos dos fármacos , Pintura , Plâncton/efeitos dos fármacos , Plâncton/microbiologia , Extratos Vegetais/toxicidade
6.
Vet Parasitol ; 270: 13-19, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31213236

RESUMO

Small ruminants browsing in tropical forests readily consume the foliage of Senegalia gaumeri. A S. gaumeri methanol:water extract was recently shown to have ovicidal activity against Haemonchus contortus eggs in vitro. In the present study, the fraction of a S. gaumeri methanol:water extract with ovicidal activity against H. contortus eggs and the metabolites potentially involved in this activity were identified. Bio-guided fractionation of the S. gaumeri methanol:water extract identified high ovicidal activity (80.29%, EC50 = 58.9 µg/mL) in the non-polar sub-fraction P1. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) identified several fatty acids: pentacosane (18.05%), heneicosane (18.05%), triacontane (30.94%), octacosane (18.05%), and hexanedioic acid bis-(2-ethylhexyl) ester (32.72%). Purification of the polar components of sub-fraction P1 led to the identification of p-coumaric acid as a major constituent. In egg hatch tests, 400 µg/mL p-coumaric acid resulted in an ovicidal effect of 8.7%, a larvae failing eclosion effect of 2.9%, and of the emerged larvae (88.4%), many were damaged. In conclusion, the low AH activity of p-coumaric acid against H. contortus eggs indicates that it is not solely responsible for the ovicidal activity of sub-fraction P1 but might act in synergy with other compounds in this fraction. However, p-coumaric acid showed potential anthelmintic effects against the larval stage of H. contortus.


Assuntos
Anti-Helmínticos/isolamento & purificação , Anti-Helmínticos/farmacologia , Fracionamento Químico/métodos , Fabaceae/química , Haemonchus/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Animais , Larva/efeitos dos fármacos , Óvulo/efeitos dos fármacos , Folhas de Planta/química
7.
Plant Foods Hum Nutr ; 74(3): 350-357, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31209702

RESUMO

Thirteen fruits, eight legumes and three tubers consumed in the Andean regions of Ecuador were studied to determine their bioactive compounds, organic acids, sugars content, total antioxidant capacity, as well as to determine which among them showed the greatest contribution in terms of antioxidant activity and which compounds contributed to it. Among fruits, taxo fruits (Passiflora mollissima (Kunth) L.H. Bailey) presented the highest values of total phenolic, carotene content, and total antioxidant capacity. The ají ratón (Capsicum chinense Jacq) showed the highest content of vitamin C. Taxo showed the highest content of ß carotene, whilst lycopene was identified only in guayaba fruits (Psidium guajava L.) and ají ratón was the principal source of lutein. In legumes, chocho perla (Lupinus mutabilis Sweet) showed the highest values for both total phenolic and flavonoid content, whilst frejol negro (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) and frejol canario (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp) showed the highest values for FRAP and DPPH assay, respectively. Between tubers, the jícama (Smallanthus sonchifolius (Poepp.) H. Rob.) had the majors values in terms of total phenolic, flavonoid content, and total antioxidant capacity. In terms of total antioxidant capacity, taxo fruits have the highest contribution in terms of total antioxidant capacity, whilst the dendogram shown the occurrence of five distinct groups in which taxo was located in the first largest group. Our data contributing towards gaining better knowledge about the Andean Ecuadorian diet and the composition of Andean food in order to estimate dietary intakes of health-promoting components.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/análise , Asteraceae/química , Capsicum/química , Fabaceae/química , Promoção da Saúde , Passiflora/química , Ácido Ascórbico/análise , Carotenoides/análise , Equador , Flavonoides/análise , Frutas/química , Fenóis/análise , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Tubérculos/química , beta Caroteno/análise
8.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 91(2): e20180637, 2019 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31241702

RESUMO

Desmodium caudatum (Thunb.) DC, is an ever-green plant widely used in the central and southern China with great economic value for their medical values on fever, dysentery, gastroenteritis, rectal prolapse, snake bites, mastitis, and boils carbuncle. Despite its extensive uses as a traditional Chinese medicine, no systematic research on the identification of Desmodium caudatum has been reported. In this study, traditional pharmacognostical identification including the botanical origin and morphological characters, medicinal material characters, microscopic characters, physicochemical parameters determination and phytochemical screening, and DNA barcoding analysis were employed to establish an accurate and effective identification system of Desmodium caudatum. In addition, the molecular pharmacognosy study was adopted in order to identify the samples more accurately. The ITS loci of the nuclear genome and psbA-trnH loci of the chloroplast genome were selected and evaluated, which were the most variable loci. The study will be beneficial to the development of the quality standard and the identification of species.


Assuntos
DNA de Plantas/genética , Fabaceae/química , Fabaceae/genética , Código de Barras de DNA Taxonômico , Fabaceae/classificação , Farmacognosia , Análise de Sequência de DNA
9.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 91(2): e20180991, 2019 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31241705

RESUMO

Dalbergieae tribe lectins, possessing binding affinity for galactose and mannose, present inflammatory and nociceptive effects, while those for N-acetylglucosamine are anti-inflammatory. Since the anti-inflammatory effect of the seed lectin of L. araripensis (LAL) had been already demonstrated in mice, this effect was presently evaluated in rat models of acute inflammation. LAL (0.01-1 mg/kg) was administered by intravenous (i.v.) route in male Wistar rats 30 min before paw edema induction by dextran or carrageenan, and peritonitis by carrageenan. LAL (1 mg/kg) was incubated with N-acetylglucosamine for allowing lectin-sugar interactions before injection into animals. LAL toxicity was evaluated by the parameters: body mass, organs weight, stomach macroscopy, hematological and biochemical dosage. Statistical analysis was performed by ANOVA and Bonferroni's test (p<0.05). The paw edema induced by carrageenan (AUC: 0.96 ± 0.09) was inhibited by LAL about 39% (0-2 h) at all doses, and about 72% (3-5 h) at 0.1 and 1 mg/kg. The increase in the neutrophil migration stimulated by carrageenan was also inhibited by LAL (83%). In both models, LAL inhibitory effect was prevented by GlcNAc. The sub-chronic treatment with LAL was well tolerated by animals. LAL possesses anti-inflammatory effect via lectin domain, indicating potential modulator role in cellular inflammatory events.


Assuntos
Edema/tratamento farmacológico , Fabaceae/química , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Lectinas/farmacologia , Doença Aguda , Animais , Carragenina , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Fabaceae/classificação , Lectinas/isolamento & purificação , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
10.
J Anim Sci ; 97(8): 3286-3299, 2019 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31242504

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to determine whether feeding tannin-containing hays to heifers and mature beef cows influences enteric methane (CH4) emissions and nitrogen (N) excretion relative to feeding traditional legume and grass hays. Fifteen mature beef cows (Exp. 1) and 9 yearling heifers (Exp. 2) were each randomly assigned to treatment groups in an incomplete bock design with 2 periods and 6 types of hays with 3 hays fed each period (n = 5 cows and 3 heifers per treatment). Groups were fed tannin-containing [birdsfoot trefoil (BFT), sainfoin (SAN), small burnet (SML)] or non-tannin-containing [alfalfa (ALF), cicer milkvetch (CMV), meadow bromegrass (MB)] hays. Each period consisted of 14 d of adjustment followed by 5 d of sample collection. Nine cows and 9 heifers were selected for the measurement of enteric CH4 emissions (sulfur hexafluoride tracer gas technique), and excretion of feces and urine, while dry matter intake (DMI) was measured for all animals. The concentration of condensed tannins in SAN and BFT was 2.5 ± 0.50% and 0.6 ± 0.09% of dry matter (DM), respectively, while SML contained hydrolyzable tannins (4.5 ± 0.55% of DM). Cows and heifers fed tannin-containing hays excreted less urinary urea N (g/d; P < 0.001) and showed lower concentrations of blood urea N (mg/dL; P < 0.001) than animals fed ALF or CMV, indicating that tannins led to a shift in route of N excretion from urine to feces. Additionally, cows fed either BFT or CMV showed the greatest percentage of retained N (P < 0.001). Enteric CH4 yield (g/kg of DMI) from heifers (P = 0.089) was greatest for MB, while daily CH4 production (g/d) from heifers (P = 0.054) was least for SML. However, digestibility of crude protein was reduced for cows (P < 0.001) and heifers (P < 0.001) consuming SML. The results suggest that tannin-containing hays have the potential to reduce urinary urea N excretion, increase N retention, and reduce enteric CH4 emissions from beef cattle. The non-bloating tannin-free legume CMV may also reduce environmental impacts relative to ALF and MB hays by reducing N excretion in urine and increasing N retention.


Assuntos
Bovinos/fisiologia , Metano/metabolismo , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Proantocianidinas/análise , Taninos/metabolismo , Animais , Dieta/veterinária , Fabaceae/química , Fezes/química , Feminino , Trato Gastrointestinal/química , Poaceae/química , Distribuição Aleatória , Ureia/sangue , Ureia/urina
11.
Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol ; 47(1): 2188-2195, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31159593

RESUMO

The damage of vascular endothelial cells has become an indispensable factor in the occurrence and advancement of cardiovascular diseases. In the current study, we investigated the effect of Astragalus Polysacharin (APS) on H2O2-evoked oxidative injury in HUVECs. HUVECs cells were treated by H2O2 to induce oxidative damage. Cells viability, apoptosis and reactive oxygen species (ROS) level were detected through CCK8 assay and flow cytometry. The cell growth-related proteins and heme oxygenase-1(HO-1) and KLF2 expression were evaluated via Western blot assay. The functions of KLF2 in APS and H2O2 co-disposed HUVECs were explored after si-KLF2 transfection. MEK/ERK pathway was finally measured through Western blot. We found that H2O2 stimulation-evoked HUVECs oxidative damage meanwhile impeded HO-1 expression. APS treatment effectively suppressed H2O2-induced oxidative injury in HUVECs. KLF2 and Nrf2 expression were elevated by APS and KLF2 repression abolished the protective action of APS in H2O2-triggered cell injury. MEK/ERK pathway was activated by APS treatment. Furthermore, the MEK/ERK pathway inhibitor weakened the promoting effect of APS on the expression of KLF2. In conclusion, our study reveals that APS alleviates H2O2-triggered oxidative injury in HUVECs via elevating the expression of KLF2 via the MEK/ERK pathway.


Assuntos
Fabaceae/química , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Fatores de Transcrição Kruppel-Like/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/citologia , Humanos , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
12.
J Anim Sci ; 97(7): 2700-2710, 2019 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31192352

RESUMO

The present study was carried out to determine the effect of Acacia nilotica, a tropical plant rich in hydrolyzable tannins (HT), on rumen fermentation and methane (CH4) production in vitro. We used leaves and pods from A. nilotica alone and combined. The combination of HT from A. nilotica leaves and pods and condensed tannins (CT) from Calliandra calothyrsus and Leucaena leucocephala were also evaluated to assess potential differences in biological activity between HT and CT. Four series of 24-h incubations were performed using rumen contents of 4 sheep fed a tropical grass (natural grassland based on Dichanthium spp.). A first experiment tested different levels of replacement of this tropical forage (control [CTL] without tannins) by A. nilotica leaves or pods: 0:100, 25:75, 50:50, 75:25 and 100:0. A second experiment tested the mixture of A. nilotica leaves and pods in different proportions: 100:0, 75:25, 50:50, 25:75, and 0:100. A third experiment tested the 50:50 combination of A. nilotica leaves or pods with C. calothyrsus and L. leucocephala. Acacia nilotica pods and leaves had a high content of HT (350 and 178 g/kg DM, respectively), whereas C. calothyrsus and L. leucocephala had a high content of CT (361 and 180 g/kg DM, respectively). The inclusion of HT from A. nilotica leaves and pods decreased CH4 production dose-dependently (P < 0.01). Total replacement of the CTL by A. nilotica decreased CH4 production by 64 and 55% with leaves and pods, respectively. Pods were richer in HT than leaves, but their antimethanogenic effect did not differ (P > 0.05). Although A. nilotica leaves and pods inhibited fermentation, as indicated by the lower gas production and VFA production (P < 0.01), this effect was less pronounced than for CH4. Volatile fatty acid production decreased by 12% in leaves and by 30% in pods when compared with the CTL alone. Positive associative effect was reported for VFA, when HT-rich sources and CT-rich sources were mixed. Combining the 2 sources of HT did not show associative effects on fermentation or CH4 production (P > 0.05). Hydrolyzable tannin-rich sources were more effective in suppressing methanogenesis than CT-rich sources. Our results show that HT-rich A. nilotica leaves and pods have the potential to reduce ruminal CH4 production.


Assuntos
Acacia/química , Fabaceae/química , Taninos Hidrolisáveis/metabolismo , Metano/metabolismo , Poaceae/química , Proantocianidinas/metabolismo , Ovinos/fisiologia , Ração Animal/análise , Animais , Dieta/veterinária , Ácidos Graxos Voláteis/metabolismo , Fermentação , Frutas/química , Hidrólise , Folhas de Planta/química , Rúmen/metabolismo
13.
Food Chem ; 292: 304-313, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31054679

RESUMO

Rice and legumes have great potential in the development of novel gluten-free snacks that are healthier than traditional snacks. Novel gluten-free extruded foods (composed of rice: 50-80%, beans: 20-40% and carob: 5-10%) were analysed and the extrusion effects regarding organic acids, tocopherols, phenolic compounds and bioactive properties were evaluated. The total concentration of organic acids was not significantly affected by extrusion, while tocopherols showed a significant reduction. Extrusion did not produce an increase of the total phenolic content. For the bioactivity assays, commercial extruded rice, carob and most of the extruded samples showed anti-proliferative activity, which was higher than in the non-extruded samples, while for the anti-inflammatory activity, the extrusion process did not show a significant effect. Regarding the antimicrobial activity, low potential was observed with extruded and non-extruded samples showing high values of MIC and MBC as the microorganisms tested were multi-resistant isolated clinical strains.


Assuntos
Fabaceae/química , Oryza/química , Fenóis/análise , Tocoferóis/análise , Animais , Anti-Infecciosos/química , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Dieta Livre de Glúten , Fabaceae/metabolismo , Farinha/análise , Frutas/química , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Macrófagos/citologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Oryza/metabolismo , Fenóis/farmacologia , Células RAW 264.7 , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray , Tocoferóis/farmacologia
14.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(23): 6633-6641, 2019 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31099573

RESUMO

Ferritin is a multisubunit protein with a hollow interior interface and modifiable surfaces. In this study, the manothermosonication (MTS) technology was applied to apo-red bean seed ferritin (apoRBF) to produce the MTS-treated apoRBF (MTFS). MTS treatment (200 kPa, 50 °C, and 40 s) maintained the spherical morphology of apoRBF (12 nm), but reduced the content of α-helix structure and increased the content of random coil structure, and correspondingly decreased the ferritin stability. The MTS treatment also affected the ferritin's iron storage function by decreasing its iron oxidative deposition activity and increasing the iron release activity. Importantly, the disassembly and reassembly properties of the MTFS induced by pH changes were retained, which facilitated its usage in encapsulation of tea polyphenol-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) into the ferritin by a relatively benign pH conversion routine (pH 3.0/6.8). In addition, the water solubility of the MTFS was increased, leading to the improved encapsulation efficiency of the EGCG molecules. This study will facilitate the ferritin modification and functionalization by MTS to design a protein variant to be used as new scaffold for iron and bioactive compounds.


Assuntos
Apoferritinas/química , Apoproteínas/química , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Fabaceae/química , Ferro/química , Proteínas de Plantas/química , Sonicação/métodos , Apoferritinas/isolamento & purificação , Apoproteínas/isolamento & purificação , Catequina/análogos & derivados , Catequina/química , Portadores de Fármacos/isolamento & purificação , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Oxirredução , Proteínas de Plantas/isolamento & purificação , Estabilidade Proteica , Solubilidade , Sonicação/instrumentação
15.
Georgian Med News ; (288): 158-162, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31101797

RESUMO

The goal of our study was to establish the anti- proapoptotic activity of the common in Georgia crops on the Jurkat and MDCK cells. Extracts of various varieties of beans (Tirkmela, Batumi meadow, Shulavera, Udelebi, as well as green peas, Lens Culinaris lentils, soy beans) were added to the intact or incubated under oxidative stress conditions Jurkat and MDCK cells. Cell viability (apoptosis intensity) was determined by a cell proliferative activity test (MTT test). Correlation and statistical analysis of ANOVA was performed using the package (SPSS version 11.0). In the presented study the selective effectiveness of extracts with different antioxidant activity on intact and incubated under oxidative stress Jurkat and MDCK cells was revealed, related with different sensitivity of cells to the oxidative stress. In normal MDCK epithelial cells, resistant to redox-active factors (H2O2), inverse relationship between the intensity of apoptosis and the antiradical potential of the extract was found; in leukemia transformated Jurkat cells, characterized by high sensitivity to oxidants (H2O2), a violation of the redox-dependent anti-apoptotic cell protection mechanisms was revealed, which is manifested by the absence of regularity of the cytoprotective / cytotoxic effects of the extracts on intact and incubated cells under oxidative stress conditions. These results can be used in the development of schemes of anti-tumor and anti-inflammatory therapy.


Assuntos
Fabaceae , Extratos Vegetais , Animais , Apoptose , Cães , Fabaceae/química , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Células Jurkat , Células Madin Darby de Rim Canino/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30986609

RESUMO

D-pinitol (3-O-methyl-D-chiro-inositol) is a well-known bioactive compound with anti-diabetic and anti-oxidant biological functions. A gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) method was developed for its quantitation in carob syrup, flesh and seed samples originated from Cyprus. The analysis was performed after derivatization of carbohydrates and polyols into trimethylsilyl ether derivatives. D-pinitol was determined in 13 carob syrup samples, in concentrations ranging 65.71 ±â€¯4.60 - 77.72 ±â€¯5.44 mg/g (mean: 68.58 ±â€¯4.80 mg/g, n = 13). In two commercial samples, it was determined in relative medium-low concentrations (21.96 ±â€¯1.54 and 44.71 ±â€¯3.13 mg/g), revealing possible adulteration; however, this needs further investigation. Similarly, it was determined in high concentrations in carob flesh samples, in concentrations ranging 53.20 ±â€¯3.72 - 54.58 ±â€¯3.82 mg/g (mean: 53.81 ±â€¯3.76 mg/g, n = 3). On the other hand, seed samples proved very poor in D-pinitol (

Assuntos
Fabaceae/química , Galactanos/química , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Inositol/análogos & derivados , Mananas/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Gomas Vegetais/química , Frutas/química , Inositol/análise , Limite de Detecção , Modelos Lineares , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sementes/química
17.
Chemosphere ; 226: 282-289, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30933737

RESUMO

Short-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs) were added to the Stockholm Convention Annex A in May 2017. China is the largest producer of chlorinated paraffins (CPs). CPs in the environment can be transferred to foodstuffs directly and through bioaccumulation and then ingested by humans. Cereals and legumes are important components of Chinese diets, so the risks posed by CPs in cereals and legumes should be of concern. 1710 cereal samples and 1710 legume samples from 19 Chinese provinces were pooled by type and province (giving 19 pooled cereal and 19 pooled legume samples). The SCCP and medium-chain chlorinated paraffin (MCCP) concentrations in the samples were determined by comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography tandem time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC × GC-TOFMS). The mean SCCP concentrations in the cereal and legume samples were 343 and 328 ng g-1 wet weight (ww), respectively, and the mean MCCP concentrations were 213 and 184 ng g-1 ww, respectively. The dominant SCCP congener groups were C10Cl6-7 in cereals and C10Cl5-6 in legumes. The MCCP congener groups C14Cl6-7 were dominant in both cereals and legumes. The CP concentrations were higher in samples from eastern China than in samples from other regions. Risk assessments indicated that SCCPs and MCCPs in cereals and legumes do not pose strong risks to Chinese residents.


Assuntos
Grão Comestível/química , Fabaceae/química , Hidrocarbonetos Clorados/análise , Parafina/análise , China , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Humanos , Parafina/química , Medição de Risco
18.
Yakugaku Zasshi ; 139(4): 609-615, 2019.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30930396

RESUMO

Diseases of the motor-conducting system that cause moving disability affect socio-economic activity as well as human dignity. Neurolathyrism, konzo, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis-parkinsonism-dementia complex (ALS-PDC) have attracted researchers to study the pathology of motor neuron (MN) diseases such as ALS. I have been studying neurolathyrism, which is caused by overconsumption of a legume grass pea (Lathyrys sativus L.). Among people who consume the legume as a food staple, many developed life-long paraparesis in their legs. ß-N-oxalyl-l-α,ß- diaminopropionic (l-ß-ODAP; BOAA), contained in this plant, is a neurotoxic analog of l-glutamic acid. We have clarified that in addition to the causal involvement of α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) type glutamatergic receptor in MN death, a toxic role of group I metabotropic glutamate receptors as well as transient receptor potential channels were involved in the MN insult by l-ß-ODAP using primary MN culture. We have also established a neurolathyrism rat model by repeated, peripheral l-ß-ODAP treatment to newborn rats under mild stress. Rats showing hind-leg paraparesis with an incidence rate of around 25% were useful to study the in vivo pathology of MN disease. MNs of these rats were greatly decreased at their lumbo/sacral segments at various ages. Intra-parenchymal hemorrhage was consistently observed in paraparetic rats but not in cripple-free, treated rats. MN were depleted even at an acute period around bleeding spots, suggesting catastrophic neuro-vascular-glial interaction in this MN disease. Summaries of konzo and ALS-PDCs studies are also introduced.


Assuntos
Fabaceae/efeitos adversos , Latirismo/etiologia , Lathyrus/efeitos adversos , beta-Alanina/análogos & derivados , Animais , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Fabaceae/química , Humanos , Latirismo/patologia , Lathyrus/química , Doença dos Neurônios Motores/etiologia , Doença dos Neurônios Motores/patologia , Neurônios Motores/patologia , Ratos , Ácido alfa-Amino-3-hidroxi-5-metil-4-isoxazol Propiônico , beta-Alanina/isolamento & purificação , beta-Alanina/toxicidade
19.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e023, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30970088

RESUMO

We evaluated the antifungal and antibiofilm potential of the hydroalcoholic extract of bark from Anadenanthera colubrina (vell.) Brenan, known as Angico, against Candida spp. Antifungal activity was evaluated using the microdilution technique through the Minimum Inhibitory and Fungicide Concentrations (MIC and MFC). The antibiofilm potential was tested in mature biofilms formed by Candida species and analyzed through the counting of CFU/mL and scanning electron micrograph (SEM). In vivo toxicity and therapeutic action was evaluated in the Galleria mellonella model. The treatment with the extract, in low doses, was able to reduce the growth of planktonic cells of Candida species. MIC values range between 19.5 and 39 µg/mL and MFC values range between 79 and 625 µg/mL. In addition was able to reduce the number of CFU/mL in biofilms and to cause structural alteration and cellular destruction, observed via SEM. A. colubrina showed low toxicity in the in vivo assay, having not affected the viability of the larvae at doses below 100mg/kg and high potential in the treatment of C. albicans infection. Considering its high antifungal potential, its low toxicity and potential to treatment of infections in in vivo model, A. colubrina extract is a strong candidate for development of a new agent for the treatment of oral candidiasis.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Candida/efeitos dos fármacos , Fabaceae/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Análise de Variância , Contagem de Colônia Microbiana , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Nistatina/farmacologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Tempo
20.
Malar J ; 18(1): 119, 2019 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30947717

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Traditional medicinal plants are one of the potential sources of anti-malarial drugs and there is an increasing interest in the use and development of traditional herbal remedies for the treatment of malaria and other ailments. This study was carried out with the aim to investigate the phytochemical screening, cytotoxic effect and antiplasmodial activities of Dichrostachys cinerea and Commiphora africana. Both plants are used by the Maasai in Tanzania in suspected malaria and other diseases. No previous work appears to have investigated the potential anti-malarial activity of the two plants. METHODS: This study aimed to investigate the in vitro anti-malarial activity of methanol and dichloromethane extracts of the two plants against chloroquine sensitive (D6) and chloroquine resistant (Dd2) strains of Plasmodium falciparum. The anti-malarial property was assessed by the lactate dehydrogenase method (pLDH). The in vivo anti-malarial study was carried out using the Peters' 4-day suppressive test in Plasmodium berghei in Balb/c mice. Cytotoxic tests were carried out using monkey kidney epithelial cell line in [3(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide] (MTT) assay. Qualitative phytochemical screening was carried out using standard methods of analysis. RESULTS: The phytochemical screening of plant extracts revealed the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, steroids, triterpenoids, glycosides and saponins. However, alkaloids were absent in most plant extracts. The dichloromethane extracts of C. africana (stem bark); D. cinerea (stem bark) and methanol extracts of D. cinerea (whole stem) all showed promising in vitro anti-malarial activities. All other extracts did not show any significant anti-malarial activity. The two most promising extracts based on in vitro studies, DCM extracts of C. africana (stem bark) and D. cinerea (stems bark), equally exhibited very significant anti-malarial activities in the mouse model. They exhibited parasite suppression rates of 64.24 and 53.12%, respectively, and considerable improvement in weight and survival rate. Most plant extracts were not cytotoxic except for DCM extract of D. cinerea (whole stem) CC50 (29.44 µg/mL). CONCLUSION: The findings of this study provide scientific evidence supporting the traditional use of the plants in the treatment of malaria by the Maasai in Arusha region, Tanzania. Consequently, further work including bioassay-guided fractionation and advanced toxicity testing may yield new anti-malarial drug candidates from the two plants.


Assuntos
Antimaláricos/farmacologia , Commiphora/química , Fabaceae/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Plasmodium berghei/efeitos dos fármacos , Plasmodium falciparum/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Cloroquina/farmacologia , Resistência a Medicamentos , Feminino , Técnicas In Vitro , Malária/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Casca de Planta/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Plantas Medicinais/química , Plasmodium berghei/fisiologia , Plasmodium falciparum/fisiologia
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