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1.
Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am ; 35(1): 139-152, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36336602

RESUMO

An important aesthetic goal in orthognathic planning is to improve facial balance, harmony, volume, and symmetry. It is therefore logical that adjunctive aesthetic procedures become a part of the overall orthognathic treatment plan and that their possibilities are discussed with orthognathic candidates. Such procedures help to improve the final outcome of the orthognathic treatment and enhance patient satisfaction. Training and experience are of utmost importance when offering and performing aesthetic facial surgery. This article discusses various facial aesthetic procedures that can be combined with orthognathic surgery, to the patient's benefit, to help them become the most beautiful version of themselves.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Ortognática , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ortognáticos , Humanos , Estética Dentária , Ossos Faciais , Face/cirurgia
2.
Dent Clin North Am ; 67(1): 71-83, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36404082

RESUMO

The International Classification of Orofacial Pain (ICOP) describes idiopathic pain as "unilateral or bilateral intraoral or facial pain in the distribution(s) of one or more branches of the trigeminal nerve(s) for which the etiology is unknown. Pain is usually persistent, of moderate intensity, poorly localized and described as dull, pressing or of burning character." Several diagnoses are included in the ICOP Idiopathic pain section, burning mouth syndrome and persistent idiopathic facial and dentoalveolar pain. This article, with a representative case presentation, briefly discusses common features that may lead to a common central cause for a variety of peripheral complaints.


Assuntos
Dor Facial , Neuralgia , Humanos , Dor Facial/diagnóstico , Dor Facial/etiologia , Neuralgia/complicações , Transtornos Somatoformes/complicações , Face
3.
Clin Plast Surg ; 50(1): 11-17, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36396249

RESUMO

Asians are of different ethnic origins. Nevertheless, they share the common facial structural deficiencies and consequences of the aging process that create the opportunity for esthetic intervention. As a result, Injectables are widely used in young Asians to achieve an oval facial shape with increased facial height and projection. In mature Asians with lifelong structural deficiencies, the beauty treatment plan is more complex than removal of signs of aging. Therefore, apart from injectables, other treatment modalities for tissue repositioning, neocollagenesis and skin quality improvement are also required to obtain the optimal result.


Assuntos
Rejuvenescimento , Envelhecimento da Pele , Humanos , Face/cirurgia , Asiáticos
4.
Clin Plast Surg ; 50(1): 1-9, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36396247

RESUMO

The highest level of esthetic treatment serves not only as a procedure but also as an artistic creation under the limitations of medicine. Based on oriental esthetic and anatomic features, the authors have proposed the " Future Codes" design in Chinese calligraphy describing the art of facial rejuvenation in Asians to help doctors perform well. The concept encompasses a systematic overall design for the art of facial rejuvenation in Asians, associated with beautiful meanings and is easy to learn and perform safely, including the 5 principles of minimally invasive facial rejuvenation: adding, subtracting, tightening, brightening and flexing.


Assuntos
Face , Rejuvenescimento , Humanos , Face/cirurgia , Estética , Beleza , Asiáticos
5.
Clin Plast Surg ; 50(1): 19-31, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36396258

RESUMO

Autologous fat grafting and facial liposuction are widely used to reshape facial contours. But up to now, there is no surgical design idea for Asian women. The article aimed to provide a facial esthetic design to guide the combined operation of facial liposuction and fat grafting for Asians, that is, the "three-line and nine-point" design method. In retrospective reviews, the surgical results of clinical practice were satisfactory, and a more attractive facial appearance was obtained. Our technique can easily be learnt and can be mastered by the most well-qualified plastic surgeons for satisfactory outcomes.


Assuntos
Lipectomia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tecido Adiposo/transplante , Face/cirurgia , Asiáticos
6.
Clin Plast Surg ; 50(1): 33-41, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36396259

RESUMO

Minimally invasive facial rejuvenation techniques are gaining attention because of their advantages such as less trauma, quick recovery, high safety, obvious results, and repeatable operation. In this article, the principle, the operation method, advantages, and disadvantages of the new fast recovery suspension technique modified by the authors are described in detail, and the clinical cases are listed to further illustrate the efficacy of the modified operation. The authors also compared this procedure with other common facial rejuvenation techniques. It is hoped that our article can provide a reference for clinicians to better use facial rejuvenation technology.


Assuntos
Face , Rejuvenescimento , Humanos , Face/cirurgia
7.
Clin Plast Surg ; 50(1): 61-69, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36396262

RESUMO

The complications associated with polyacrylamide hydrogel injection including tissue infection, nodular formation, and migration along tissue planes have been well-documented. Complete removal of injected material is seldom possible. Patients who underwent removal of injected material were significantly more likely to express interest in facelift. We provide an open surgical technique with facelift incision to deal with the removal of polyacrylamide hydrogel and complication due to volume deflation and tissue descent.


Assuntos
Rejuvenescimento , Ritidoplastia , Humanos , Face/cirurgia , Ritidoplastia/efeitos adversos
8.
Clin Plast Surg ; 50(1): 71-80, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36396263

RESUMO

In this article, authors mainly introduce new digital technology in facial bone contouring surgery. In our experience, these new technologies are crucial in ensuring the satisfaction of surgical accuracy. Our previous studies have shown surgeons can use precise pre-operative design to reduce operative time, reduce bleeding during surgery. Additionally, augmented reality can enhance the perspective perception of surgeons combining virtuality and reality. What's more, robot-assisted surgical technology also has a strong application prospect in facial contouring surgery. In the future, the combination of soft tissue contouring surgery will make the facial bone contouring surgery safer and more effective.


Assuntos
Ossos Faciais , Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Humanos , Ossos Faciais/cirurgia , Estética , Face/cirurgia , Asiáticos
9.
Clin Plast Surg ; 50(1): 91-100, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36396265

RESUMO

A primary concern in facial aesthetics is the rejuvenation of periorbital areas through soft tissue recontouring, skin texture improvement, and harmoniousness with souring anatomic tissues. Currently, the ease of harvesting, abundance in volume, and lack of immune rejection make autologous fat transplantation a disruptive strategy in aesthetic medicine. The evolution and improvements made by myriad surgeons have contributed to the popularity of periorbital rejuvenation and have highlighted its indispensability in Asian patients. Lin and colleagues have advocated the technique of microautologous fat transplantation since 2007 for facial recontouring and rejuvenation. This article illustrates more in-depth technical details and innovative concepts for the improvement of the periorbita.


Assuntos
Face , Rejuvenescimento , Humanos , Face/cirurgia , Estética , Transplante Autólogo/métodos , Asiáticos
10.
Cognition ; 230: 105281, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36115202

RESUMO

Anthropomorphization occurs when human characteristics are attributed to nonhuman animals or objects. One process that could facilitate the anthropomorphization of nonhuman animals may be a self-other body-part matching mechanism wherein the body of the nonhuman animal is conceptually mapped to the human observer's representation of their body. The present study was designed to determine if specific features could facilitate body-part matching between the cartoon of a nonhuman animal and human observers. Participants responded to targets presented on the cartoon of a starfish. In No Structure conditions, dots and curved lines were distributed evenly within the starfish. In Face conditions, two dots and one curved line represented eyes and a mouth of a "face". In Clothes conditions, dots and lines represented a shirt and pants. Body-part matching emerged when the image had a face or clothing, but did not emerge in No Structure conditions. These studies provide unique evidence that the anthropomorphization of a nonhuman cartoon may be facilitated by human-like internal features on the image.


Assuntos
Face , Corpo Humano , Animais , Humanos , Olho
11.
Appl Ergon ; 107: 103919, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36375219

RESUMO

When designing wearables that interface with the human head, face and neck, designers and engineers consider human senses, ergonomics and comfort. A dense 3D pressure discomfort threshold map could be helpful, but does not exist yet. Differences in pressure discomfort threshold for areas of the head, neck and face were recorded, to create a 3D pressure discomfort threshold map. Between 126 and 146 landmarks were placed on the left side of the head, face and neck of twenty-eight healthy participants (gender balanced). The positions of the landmarks were specified using an EEG 10-20 system-based landmark-grid on the head and a self-developed grid on the face and neck. A 3D scan was made to capture the head geometry and landmark coordinates. In a randomised order, pressure was applied on each landmark with a force gauge until the participant indicated experiencing discomfort. By interpolating all collected pressure discomfort thresholds based on their corresponding 3D coordinates, a dense 3D pressure discomfort threshold map was made. A relatively low-pressure discomfort threshold was found in areas around the nose, neck front, mouth, chin-jaw, cheek and cheekbone, possibly due to the proximate or direct location of nerves, blood veins and soft (muscular) tissue. Medium pressure discomfort was found in the neck back, forehead and temple regions. High pressure discomfort threshold was found in the back of the head and scalp, where skin is relatively thin and closely supported by bone, making these regions interesting for mounting or resting head, face and neck related equipment upon.


Assuntos
Face , Nariz , Humanos , Cabeça , Projetos de Pesquisa , Pescoço
12.
PLoS One ; 17(11): e0275662, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36327222

RESUMO

Makeup is commonly attributed with increasing attractiveness in female faces, but this effect has not been investigated in male faces. We therefore sought to examine whether the positive effect of makeup on attractiveness can be extended to male faces. Twenty men were photographed facing forward, under constant camera and lighting conditions, with neutral expressions, and closed mouths. Each man was photographed twice: once without any cosmetics applied and another time with subtle cosmetics applied by a professional makeup artist. Two hundred participants then rated those 40 images on attractiveness. The male faces were rated as higher in attractiveness when presented wearing makeup, compared to when presented not wearing makeup. This was true for both male and female raters, and whether analyzing the data using a by-participant or a by-face analysis. These results provide the first empirical evidence that makeup increases attractiveness in male faces. Following work on female faces, future research should examine the effect of makeup on several other traits in male faces. The market for male cosmetics products is growing and evolving and this study serves as an initial step in understanding the effect of makeup on the perceptions of male faces.


Assuntos
Beleza , Cosméticos , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Face
13.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 18557, 2022 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36329131

RESUMO

Evidence regarding the possible influence of nutritional status on the facial morphology has thus far been insufficient. We examined whether or not the physical body compositions and dietary behaviors were correlated with any morphological characteristics of the face. One hundred and fifteen young Japanese women participated. Variables representing the dietary behaviors were extracted from self-reported survey data, and corresponding three-dimensional (3D) facial images and body compositions were examined. Multivariate analyses identified significant relationships between the nutritional status and facial topography (p < 0.05). The clustering method revealed the existence of three dietary condition patterns ("balanced diet", "high-calorie-diet" with obesity tendency, and "imbalanced low-calorie-diet" with sarcopenic obesity tendency). Among these three patterns, a round face (increased facial width; analysis of variance [ANOVA], p < 0.05) was observed in the high-calorie-diet pattern, while the imbalanced low-calorie-diet pattern showed a more masculine face (increased face height, decreased eye height, increased non-allometric sexual shape differences; ANOVA, p < 0.05), thus suggesting the possibility of sex-hormonal influences. In summary, the body composition and dietary behaviors were found to influence the facial morphology, and potential biological influences were discussed.


Assuntos
Face , Estado Nutricional , Humanos , Feminino , Face/anatomia & histologia , Japão , Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos , Obesidade
14.
Orv Hetil ; 163(45): 1775-1781, 2022 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36335483

RESUMO

Characterized by both intrauterine and postnatal growth retardation, and consequent small stature, Silver-Russell syndrome is associated with typical minor anomalies (relative macrocephalia, protruding forehead, downturned corners of mouth, micrognathia, low set ears, facial, skeletal and limb asymmetry) and findings involving mainly the endocrine system. The molecular background of the syndrome is complex, but it is most often caused by the involvement of critical regions of chromosome 11 and/or chromosome 7. Beside the molecular diagnosis, the Netchine-Harbison clinical scoring system aims to contribute to the successful diagnosis of Silver-Russell syndrome. Although Silver-Russell syndrome is mostly sporadic, in our case report we present an extremely rare familial accumulation, where three of four siblings are affected by Silver-Russell syndrome. Early diagnosis is important to initiate adequate feeding and nutritional guidance, enhance early development and start growth hormone therapy as soon as possible. We would like to emphasize that management and long-term follow-up is crucial to prevent potential complications and treat specific issues appropriately. Orv Hetil. 2022; 163(45): 1775-1781.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Silver-Russell , Humanos , Síndrome de Silver-Russell/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Silver-Russell/genética , Face
16.
Ann Plast Surg ; 89(6): 652-655, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36416692

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As facial feminization surgery (FFS) continues to grow in access and popularity, the need for secondary FFS can be expected to increase. The purpose of this study was to identify reasons for FFS reoperation and offer recommendations to minimize secondary surgery. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of patients who underwent FFS from October 2017 to 2021 was performed. Patients who underwent nonstaged secondary surgery were identified and sorted in 2 non-mutually exclusive surgical cohorts: additional surgery, defined as unplanned additional feminization surgery on previously unoperated facial units, and revision surgery, defined as redo surgery on previously operated facial units. Reasons for secondary surgery were examined in the context of the senior author's experience. RESULTS: Of 161 patients who underwent FFS, 41 (25.5%) underwent secondary surgery consisting of additional surgery (n = 32) and/or revision surgery (n = 30). There were no significant differences in clinical or demographic data between the secondary surgery and total FFS cohorts. Among additional surgery patients, facial units that had been previously operated on were as follows: nose (46.3%), trachea (31.7%), forehead/brow (22.0%), chin (12.2%), lips (9.8%), and cheeks (7.3%). Among revision patients, facial units revised were as follows: nose (36.6%), forehead/brow (26.8%), cheeks (17.1%), chin (17.1%), lips (12.5%), and trachea (2.4%). The main indication for revision for all facial units was undercorrection to feminine ideals. CONCLUSIONS: One-quarter of patients who underwent FFS had prior FFS and/or sought revision. Keeping in mind that the dominant indication for revision was undercorrection, FFS surgeons can minimize the need for secondary surgery in the future.


Assuntos
Face , Feminização , Masculino , Humanos , Feminização/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Face/cirurgia , Testa/cirurgia , Lábio/cirurgia
18.
J Craniofac Surg ; 33(8): e831-e834, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36409858

RESUMO

Orofaciodigital syndrome type 1 (OFDS1) is a genetic disorder characterized by specific oral, facial, and limb malformations. A 14-month-old girl with congenital cleft palate, lower lip midline cleft, and digital anomalies admitted to our hospital was preliminarily diagnosed with OFDS1. Genetic analysis revealed that she carried a heterozygous variant of OFD1 at locus Xp22.2 on the X chromosome. Herein, we present the specific phenotype and genotype and the treatment modalities for this patient and references for diagnosing and treating OFDS.


Assuntos
Fissura Palatina , Deformidades Congênitas dos Membros , Síndromes Orofaciodigitais , Feminino , Humanos , Síndromes Orofaciodigitais/diagnóstico , Síndromes Orofaciodigitais/genética , Éxons , Face , Fissura Palatina/diagnóstico , Fissura Palatina/genética , Fissura Palatina/cirurgia
19.
Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova ; 122(11. Vyp. 2): 24-29, 2022.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36412152

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: A clinical approbation of a proprietary method for evaluation of the diagnostic value of computer video analysis of hypomimia in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 31 patients diagnosed with PD and 31 healthy people. The method consists in contactless recognition of 68 reference points on the face that are used to determine the movement of eyebrows, eyelids and the mouth during diagnostic tests: smiling, drawing of the letter "O", winking, eyebrow raising, frowning, and text reading. RESULTS: Comparison of the results obtained with characteristics of healthy subjects has revealed statistically significant difference in the amplitude and speed of eyebrow, eyelid and mouth movement in PD patients. CONCLUSION: The method offers prospects for screening of patients with suspected PD and evaluation of therapy efficacy.


Assuntos
Doença de Parkinson , Humanos , Doença de Parkinson/complicações , Doença de Parkinson/diagnóstico , Movimento , Face , Nível de Saúde , Voluntários Saudáveis
20.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 18311, 2022 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36316450

RESUMO

Social face evaluation is a common and consequential element of everyday life based on the judgement of trustworthiness. However, the particular facial regions that guide such trustworthiness judgements are largely unknown. It is also unclear whether different facial regions are consistently utilized to guide judgments for different ethnic groups, and whether previous exposure to specific ethnicities in one's social environment has an influence on trustworthiness judgements made from faces or facial regions. This registered report addressed these questions through a global online survey study that recruited Asian, Black, Latino, and White raters (N = 4580). Raters were shown full faces and specific parts of the face for an ethnically diverse, sex-balanced set of 32 targets and rated targets' trustworthiness. Multilevel modelling showed that in forming trustworthiness judgements, raters relied most strongly on the eyes (with no substantial information loss vis-à-vis full faces). Corroborating ingroup-outgroup effects, raters rated faces and facial parts of targets with whom they shared their ethnicity, sex, or eye color as significantly more trustworthy. Exposure to ethnic groups in raters' social environment predicted trustworthiness ratings of other ethnic groups in nuanced ways. That is, raters from the ambient ethnic majority provided slightly higher trustworthiness ratings for stimuli of their own ethnicity compared to minority ethnicities. In contrast, raters from an ambient ethnic minority (e.g., immigrants) provided substantially lower trustworthiness ratings for stimuli of the ethnic majority. Taken together, the current study provides a new window into the psychological processes underlying social face evaluation and its cultural generalizability. PROTOCOL REGISTRATION: The stage 1 protocol for this Registered Report was accepted in principle on 7 January 2022. The protocol, as accepted by the journal, can be found at: https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.18319244 .


Assuntos
Etnicidade , Julgamento , Humanos , Confiança/psicologia , Grupos Minoritários , Face , Expressão Facial
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