Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 7.698
Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd ; 128(1): 53-58, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Holandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33449057


In a consensus meeting (September 2019) of the three Dutch and the two Flemish dental schools their current education programmes on gerodontology were presented and discussed. The aim was to examine if these programmes were in line with the most recent (inter)national guidelines, such as those of the European College of Gerodontology and the recently introduced Dutch framework Oral Health Care (2020). Therefore, the competences regarding the domain of gerodontology were analysed to assess if students were prepared adequately to meet the oral health care needs of the ageing population. In the consensus meeting a new set of competences was formulated together with a new outline for the gerodontology-programme applicable for the Dutch and Flemish dental schools.

Educação Continuada em Odontologia , Faculdades de Odontologia , Currículo , Educação em Odontologia , Humanos , Estudantes
J Prosthet Dent ; 125(1): 126-136, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32063384


STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Implant complications have been reported to occur at high rates and frequencies. Whether these high rates are observed in predoctoral implant programs and whether future dentists are educated to diagnose and treat implant complications is unknown. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to analyze and report the results of a survey on US predoctoral curricula related to implant treatment and with an emphasis on diagnosing and treating implant complications. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A 26-question survey was distributed to all (66) US dental schools. In addition to 3 questions regarding descriptive information about each school, 13 questions were used to calculate a curriculum composite score that was used to assess the quality of the school's implant curriculum. The remaining survey topics and number of questions included frequency of complications (2), tracking and types of complications (6), and school-reported student preparedness to identify or treat implant complications (2). A Kruskal-Wallis test was used to evaluate the relationship between the curriculum composite scores and student preparedness to diagnose and treat implant complications. RESULTS: Twenty-eight schools responded to the survey for a response rate of 42.4%, and 23 schools completed the entire survey (completion rate 34.8%). Fifteen schools (65.2%) reported methods of recording implant complications, and 8 of 23 schools (34.8%) reported methods of assessing student knowledge in recognizing implant complications. Only 2 schools reported methods of assessing student preparedness to treat implant complications. Most implant complications were mechanical (64.3%), followed by biological (28.6%) and esthetic (7.1%). The prostheses associated with the most complications were implant overdentures (39.1%), followed by single crowns (34.8%) and fixed partial dentures (4.3%). A positive relational trend was observed between reported student preparedness to recognize and treat implant complications and curriculum composite scores. CONCLUSIONS: Within the limitation of this survey-based study, implant curricula in US dental schools should consider improving the scope of teaching the diagnosis and treatment of implant complications. The implant complications observed at US dental schools showed similar trends to those reported in the literature.

Implantes Dentários , Faculdades de Odontologia , Currículo , Implantação Dentária , Implantes Dentários/efeitos adversos , Educação em Odontologia , Estética Dentária , Humanos , Prostodontia , Inquéritos e Questionários
J Am Dent Assoc ; 151(11): 806-807, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33121593
J Am Dent Assoc ; 151(11): 808, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33121596
J Dent Educ ; 84(12): 1359-1367, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33089898


PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: Dental educators have played a critical role in addressing the opioid public health crisis. METHODS: The American Dental Education Association (ADEA) conducted a semi-structured survey with all 66 accredited U.S. dental schools in 2019. The survey was organized into four modules to facilitate response and descriptive statistics and qualitative thematic analyses were performed. RESULTS: Seventy percent of the dental schools consented to participate. Each module varied in response rate: curricular (Module 1, 48%), clinical (Module 2, 47%), implemented curricular/clinical changes (Module 3, 56%), and willingness to participate in future studies (Module 4, 47%). The survey revealed that 87% of respondent dental schools have implemented curricular changes or curricular changes were in process in response to the opioid epidemic. Ninety-three percent of responding schools reported making clinical changes or that clinical changes were in process. Schools reported two factors that most frequently influence changes made: the adoption of state-specific regulations/mandates and the Commission on Dental Accreditation (CODA) Standard 2-24e, which requires competency in prescription practices on substance use disorders. An analysis of the open-ended questions found four overarching themes to curricular changes, in order of frequency: didactic curriculum; integration of opioid epidemic subject matter experts in curricula; Screening, Brief, Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) training; and prescription guidelines. Similarly, four overarching themes were identified for clinical changes: protocol and policy development, Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs (PDMP), faculty and provider education, and prescription guidelines. CONCLUSIONS: This research shows that dental educators are working to ensure that new dental professionals gain the necessary competencies in substance abuse, specifically related to opioids, to prevent and minimize prescription drug misuse.

Analgésicos Opioides , Faculdades de Odontologia , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Currículo , Educação em Odontologia , Epidemia de Opioides , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
Edumecentro ; 12(3): 131-148, jul.-set. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124707


RESUMEN Fundamento: se necesita desarrollar una Didáctica que responda a las particularidades del proceso enseñanza aprendizaje de la Estomatología y conferirle a la superación y la investigación en este campo el papel que le corresponde. Objetivo: fundamentar algunos preceptos teóricos sobre el uso de la didáctica particular de las ciencias médicas en el proceso enseñanza aprendizaje de la Estomatología. Métodos: se realizó una investigación de desarrollo en la Facultad de Estomatología de la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Villa Clara durante los años 2016 a 2018. Se emplearon métodos teóricos: histórico-lógico, analítico-sintético y sistémico estructural; empíricos: análisis documental, observación, grupos de enfoque y criterios de especialistas. Resultados: se constataron carencias en la aplicación de una didáctica particular en el proceso enseñanza aprendizaje en Estomatología, por lo que se realizó un análisis donde se fundamentaron sus componentes personales y no personales con nuevos elementos que sirven como sustento teórico para la realización de cualquier investigación que tenga este proceso como objeto de estudio. Conclusiones: los fundamentos teóricos derivados del análisis recibieron una valoración favorable por los especialistas consultados porque proporcionaron elementos importantes en los procesos de profesionalización docente o pedagogización del claustro de esta carrera, y por tanto, demandan su inclusión en la superación profesional pedagógica de sus docentes.

ABSTRACT Background: a Didactics that meets the particularities of the teaching and learning process of Stomatology as well as to give to training and research its rightful role in this field, needs to be developed. Objective: to provide some theoretical precepts on the use of the specific didactics of medical sciences in the teaching and learning process in Stomatology. Methods: a development research was carried out in the Stomatology Faculty at the University of Medical Sciences of Villa Clara from 2016 to 2018. Theoretical methods were used: historical-logical method, analytical-synthetic method and systemic-structural method; empirical methods: documentary analysis method, observation method, focus groups method and specialist criteria method. Results: we found deficiencies in the application of a specific didactics in the teaching and learning process in Stomatology. Therefore, an analysis through which we provided the personal and non-personal components with new elements that serve as theoretical support to conduct any research study that has this process as study object, was carried out. Conclusions: theoretical foundations resulting from the analysis had a favorable assessment from specialists were asked because they provided important elements in the processes of teaching professionalization or pedagogy of the teaching staff of this career, and therefore, they demand this elements be included in pedagogical professional development for teachers from this faculty.

Faculdades de Odontologia , Relações Comunidade-Instituição , Educação Médica , Aprendizagem
J Anesth Hist ; 6(3): 170-171, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921492


The Chicago Post-Graduate School of Anaesthesia (PGSA) commenced with the opening of the Columbian Exposition, eight miles north of that Chicago World's Fair in May of 1893. When PGSA founder Samuel J. Hayes, D.D.S., M.S.A., forsook Chicago to tend to his moribund son back in Pittsburgh, Hayes' fellow professor, James M. Clyde, D.D.S., M.S.A., kept the PGSA from closing.

Anestesiologia/história , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Odontologia/história , Faculdades de Odontologia/história , Anestesia Dentária/história , Anestesiologia/educação , Canadá , Chicago , Arquitetura de Instituições de Saúde/história , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Estados Unidos
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 108(2): 52-56, mayo-ago. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121121


Objetivo: Evaluar radiográficamente 162 tratamientos endodónticos realizados ex vivo en premolares inferiores y superiores humanos mediante el empleo del sistema ProTaper Next por parte de alumnos de grado de una cátedra de endodoncia de una universidad argentina. Materiales y métodos: Se evaluaron 162 tratamientos endodónticos realizados ex vivo durante los años 2017, 2018 y 2019 (54 por cohorte) en premolares inferiores y superiores humanos por alumnos de grado de la cátedra de Endodoncia I de la Escuela de Odontología de la Universidad del Salvador / Asociación Odontológica Argentina. Para la instrumentación fue empleado el sistema ProTaper Next. La muestra se tomó de forma aleatoria. En un programa de presentación de computadora se incluyeron las radiografías periapicales pre- y posoperatoria para su evaluación. Un evaluador externo analizó las imágenes radiográficas de los tratamientos y los categorizó como correctos o incorrectos teniendo en cuenta tres requisitos excluyentes: la conformación de la preparación quirúrgica, el límite apical y la homogeneidad de la obturación. Para el análisis estadístico, se utilizó la frecuencia relativa (intervalo de confianza 95%) y la prueba de chi-cuadrado. Resultados: La evaluación radiográfica de los tratamientos endodónticos realizados mostró un número considerable de tratamientos correctos. Los resultados para cada cohorte (años 2017, 2018 y 2019) fueron del 96,3% (87,2- 99,5%), el 94,4% (84,6-98,8%) y el 98,2% (90,1-99,9%) respectivamente. El porcentaje global de tratamientos correctos fue del 96,3% (92,1-98,6%). La diferencia entre las cohortes no fue estadísticamente significativa (P>0,05). Conclusión: El empleo del sistema ProTaper Next por parte de estudiantes de grado evaluados mostró resultados radiográficamente satisfactorios en la instrumentación ex vivo de conductos radiculares de premolares inferiores y superiores humanos (AU)

Aim: To evaluate radiographically, 162 endodontic treatments performed ex vivo by three cohorts of students from a school of dentistry in Argentina, using ProTaper Next rotatory system in mandibular and maxillary human premolars. Materials and methods: 162 mandibular and maxillary human premolars received endodontic treatment by undergraduate students from the Department of Endodontics I of the School of Dentistry USAL/AOA. The treatments were performed ex vivo during the academic years 2017, 2018 and 2019 (54 teeth were chosen for each cohort) using the rotatory system ProTaper Next. The samples were taken randomly. Pre and postoperative radiographs were included in a computer presentation program for its evaluation. An external examiner analysed the radiographic images by the shape of the preparation, the apical limit, and the homogeneity of the obturation, considering the treatments well obturated (correct) or ill obturated (incorrect). To be considered correct the case had to meet all the requirements. The statistic calculations used in this study were: relative frequency (confidence interval 95%) and the chi-square test. Results: The radiographic evaluation showed a considerable number of endodontic treatments correctly done using ProTaper Next system. The percentages for each cohort were 96.3% (87.2-99.5%), 94.4% (84.6-98.8%) y 98.2% (90.1-99.9%) for years 2017, 2018 y 2019 respectively. Global percentage of correctly endodontic treatments was 96.3% (92.1-98.6%). The difference between the cohorts was not statistically significant (P>0.05). Conclusion: The use of ProTaper Next by the dental students evaluated showed satisfactory results in the ex vivo instrumentation of mandibular and maxillary human premolar root canals (AU)

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Tratamento do Canal Radicular/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes de Odontologia , Equipamentos Odontológicos de Alta Rotação , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Educação Pré-Odontológica/métodos , Avaliação Educacional , Argentina , Faculdades de Odontologia , Dente Pré-Molar , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Análise Estatística , Resultado do Tratamento
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 108(2): 68-74, mayo-ago. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121446


Objetivo: Presentar la respuesta clínica a largo plazo del tratamiento de un granuloma periférico de células gigantes en un implante oseointegrado en el maxilar inferior. Caso clínico: Un paciente de 60 años, de sexo masculino, sin antecedentes sistémicos, concurrió por una lesión con márgenes definidos, de color rojizo morado y consistencia blanda sobre los tejidos blandos en la cara vestibular de un implante colocado en zona de 46. Se realizó la escisión quirúrgica de la lesión, se procesó el tejido extirpado y se envió al laboratorio. El estudio anatomopatológico confirmó el diagnóstico de granuloma periférico de células gigantes. La lesión recidivó dos veces. En la tercera extirpación se realizó la implantoplastía de la superficie del implante. La cicatrización no presentó inconvenientes. Hasta el último control, a los 5 años, no volvió a haber recidiva. Conclusión: En este caso clínico, se logró mantener la salud periimplantaria durante 5 años luego de la eliminación de un granuloma periférico de células gigantes. No obstante, este tuvo que ser removido en tres oportunidades debido a la alta recidiva (AU)

Aim: To evaluate the long-term clinical response to the treatment of a peripheral giant cell granuloma in an osseointegrated implant in the lower jaw. Clinical case: A 60-year-old male patient, with no systemic medical problems, presented a soft tissue lesion located at the buccal aspect of an implant placed in the 46 area. The lesion had defined reddish-purple margins and soft consistency. Surgical excision of the lesion was performed, processed and sent to the laboratory. The histopathology confirmed the diagnosis of peripheral giant cell granuloma. The lesion recurred twice. During the third surgical removal an mplantoplasty of the implant surface was performed. The healing was uneventful and there was no recurrence until the last control at 5 years. Conclusion: In this clinical case, perimplantar gingival health was maintained for 5 years after the surgical removal of a giant cell peripheral granuloma. However, it had to be removed three times, demonstrating a high recurrence (AU)

Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Granuloma de Células Gigantes/cirurgia , Granuloma de Células Gigantes/etiologia , Implantes Dentários/efeitos adversos , Argentina , Recidiva , Faculdades de Odontologia , Cicatrização/fisiologia , Biópsia , Seguimentos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Bucais
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 108(2): 75-79, mayo-ago. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121460


Objetivo: Describir la técnica de reconstrucción oral con colgajo de músculo temporal por resección de lesión oncológica. Caso clínico: Un paciente de sexo masculino, de 70 años de edad, fue derivado al Hospital Sirio Libanés desde la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Buenos Aires con diagnóstico de carcinoma mucoepidermoide de siete meses de evolución, ubicado en el reborde alveolar del maxilar superior izquierdo, a nivel de las piezas dentarias 25 a 28. Se realizó la resección del tumor bajo anestesia general y la consiguiente reconstrucción del lecho mediante la técnica de reconstrucción oral con colgajo de músculo temporal. Conclusión: El colgajo temporomiofascial resultó ser versátil para la reconstrucción maxilofacial en lo que respecta a la proximidad, el tamaño, la fiabilidad de la vascularización y la facilidad de la técnica (AU)

Aim: To describe the temporalis myofacial flap technique for reconstruction in the maxillofacial region following oral cancer resection. Clinical case: A 70-year-old male patient was referred to the Sirio Libanés Hospital from the Dental School, University of Buenos Aires with a diagnosis of mucoepidermoid carcinoma with 7 months of evolution located in the alveolar ridge of the left upper jaw, at the level of teeth 25 to 28. The tumor was resected under general anesthesia and a rotational flap of the temporalis muscle was used for the reconstruction of the area. Conclusion: The temporalis flap was a versatile option for the reconstruction of maxillofacial defects due to its proximity to the oral cavity, the reliable vascularity and minor donor site morbidity (AU)

Humanos , Masculino , Idoso , Músculo Temporal , Neoplasias Maxilares/cirurgia , Carcinoma Mucoepidermoide/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Retalho Miocutâneo , Argentina , Faculdades de Odontologia , Unidade Hospitalar de Odontologia
Rev. ADM ; 77(4): 222-226, jul.-ago. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130183


Introducción: La disostosis cleidocraneal es un trastorno genético raro con patrón hereditario. Sus rasgos patognomónicos son la aplasia clavicular, fontanelas y suturas abiertas, múltiples anomalías dentales. Su origen se relaciona con alteraciones en el gen RUNX2, importante para la síntesis de CBFA1, que a su vez funciona como un conformador óseo y un diferenciador de osteoblastos. Caso clínico: Paciente de 11 años con características clínicas de CCD, se corroboran los antecedentes genéticos hereditarios y alteraciones dentales relacionados con disostosis cleidocraneal. Resultado: A tres años de tratamiento se observa mejor definición facial, la erupción de piezas permanentes retenidas y mejor función masticatoria. Conclusión: Mejorar la calidad de vida del paciente con tratamientos interceptivos y el conocimiento de las alteraciones causadas por el síndrome, así como el trabajo interdisciplinario (AU)

Introduction: Cleidocranial dysostosis is a rare genetic disorder with a hereditary pattern. Its pathognomonic features are clavicular aplasia, fontanelles and open sutures, multiple dental anomalies. Its origin is related to alterations in the RUNX2 gene, important for the synthesis of CBFA1, which in turn functions as a bone conformer and an osteoblast differentiator. Clinical case: Patient with eleven years old with clinical characteristics of CCD, hereditary genetic background, and dental alterations related to cleidocranial dysostosis are corroborated. Result: After three years of treatment, the facial definition is better, the eruption of permanent pieces retained and better chewing function. Conclusion: Improve the quality of life of the patient with interceptive treatments and the knowledge of the alterations caused by the syndrome, as well as the interdisciplinary work (AU)

Humanos , Feminino , Criança , Ortodontia Interceptora , Anormalidades Dentárias/terapia , Displasia Cleidocraniana/terapia , Doenças Genéticas Inatas , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Qualidade de Vida , Faculdades de Odontologia , Erupção Dentária , México
Int Dent J ; 70(6): 435-443, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32737890


OBJECTIVE: This article describes and analyses the characteristics of the expansion of private dental education in Brazil from 1996 to December 2018 and its relationships with public policies and the country's labour and education market in dentistry. METHOD: The study used an exploratory and descriptive quantitative approach involving standardised data-collection techniques from open-access secondary databases. RESULT: From 1996 to 2018 there was an overall increase of 315% in dental schools (582% in the private sector and 49% in the public sector). Brazil had 374 dental schools in December 2018, 307 of which were private and 67 of which were public. The 374 schools offered 47,192 admission places, 89% of which were private. In five states, dental education is 100% private, while in another 19 states the private supply exceeds 70% of the total. In the other three states this offer is between 40% and 67%. From 1996 to 2016, the private sector's share of dental school graduates was 66%. Women represented 73% of Brazilian dental-school graduates in 2016. CONCLUSION: Privatisation of dental education in Brazil raises challenges for the development of policies, planning, organisation of care, and structuring of the training process for dentists, as well as the dynamics of the labour market in the health system.

Setor Público , Faculdades de Odontologia , Brasil , Feminino , Humanos , Setor Privado , Instituições Acadêmicas
J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad ; 32(3): 327-330, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32829545


BACKGROUND: The three fundamental principles of radiation protection are justification, dose optimization or limitation and subsequently following the As Low as Reasonably Practicable- (ALARP) principle. Quality assurance (QA) program for dental radiography is important in order to yield results with maximum diagnostic value, minimize errors, aid in interpretation, avoid unnecessary repetition of radiographs and therefore, additional radiation exposure. METHODS: This standard based audit was conducted at an undergraduate and postgraduate teaching hospital. One thousand and sixty four intra oral periapical radiographs were graded according to the set standards by NRPB by 3 examiners. Data were analyzed with SPSS-24. RESULTS: Out of the 532 conventional periapical radiographs, 313 radiographs were Grade 1, 177 radiographs were Grade 2 and 42 radiographs were Grade 3, requiring a repeat radiograph. For 532 digitally taken periapical radiographs, 255 radiographs were Grade 1, 192 radiographs were Grade 2 and 85 radiographs were Grade 3 and diagnostically unacceptable. Considering the aforementioned results, the findings of the first cycle did not meet the standards. CONCLUSIONS: According to the results of the quality assurance audit, the radiographs were below the standards set by NRPB. Recommendations were made for improvement measures in the radiology department and plan to re-audit after six months.

Radiografia Dentária/métodos , Radiografia Dentária/normas , Humanos , Garantia da Qualidade dos Cuidados de Saúde , Faculdades de Odontologia
J Dent Educ ; 84(12): 1378-1387, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32772376


The aim of this project was to evaluate a legislative advocacy exercise in pediatric dentistry at 1 North American dental school. A mixed-methods approach was employed using focus groups and questionnaires. All third-year dental students (n = 84) participated in an exercise as part of the pediatric dentistry course. Participation in the program evaluation was voluntary. Questionnaires were administered to assess students' advocacy beliefs, behaviors, self-efficacy, and knowledge 1 week before and 1 week after the exercise. Six months later, a focus group with questionnaire non-respondents (n = 9) was conducted to explore participants' attitudes and beliefs about oral health advocacy within the dental school curriculum. The focus group followed a semi-structured guide, and transcripts were analyzed using thematic content analysis. Questionnaires were returned from 27 students before (33% response rate) and 23 students (28% response rate) following the advocacy exercise. Students' advocacy beliefs, behaviors, and knowledge showed no change, whereas self-efficacy improved following the advocacy exercise. Students enjoyed the advocacy exercise and viewed it as a positive addition to the curriculum; however, they requested more exposure to advocacy across the curriculum. Students described the power of their collective voice rather than a single person as a major driver of policy change. These findings suggest that curricular changes should incorporate experiential advocacy activities more frequently to help students learn about and gain advocacy skills.

Currículo , Faculdades de Odontologia , Criança , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Estudantes
J Dent Educ ; 84(12): 1348-1358, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32779200


OBJECTIVE: Dental hygienists play a key role in dental caries prevention and management. As the evidence of dental caries risk, prevention, and management becomes more complex, it is essential that dental hygiene (DH) programs have a strong cariology curriculum. This project aimed to assess current cariology content in U.S. DH programs, how content is taught, and interest in development/implementation of a common/core cariology curriculum framework. METHODS: Directors of 336 U.S. DH programs were invited to participate in a voluntary online survey using Qualtrics. The survey consisted of 41 items including demographics, details about the program's cariology content, and how it was delivered, and items related to a core cariology curriculum. RESULTS: The overall response rate used for analyses was 27.3%. Some findings include: 61.6% stated their program had a defined cariology curriculum, 35.2% did not have an individual cariology course, 61.5% had preclinical hands-on experiences in cariology, 79.7% are teaching management strategies related to salivary gland hypofunction, 68.3% are teaching use of silver diamine fluoride (SDF), and 64.2% felt cariology was adequately being taught. Only 17.7% are teaching the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) system. 87.3% indicated support for developing a core curriculum framework for teaching cariology in DH programs. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicated that, although DH programs reported that cariology concepts are being taught both didactically and clinically, discrepancies between concepts taught and the literature exist. Therefore, there is a need to create a more standardized curriculum framework for all U.S. DH programs.

Cárie Dentária , Currículo , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Higienistas Dentários , Humanos , Higiene Bucal , Faculdades de Odontologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
Eur J Dent Educ ; 24(4): 790-798, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32649002


OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to understand the experiences junior faculty have during their professional socialisation as educators and how they perceive the need and value of mentorship. METHODS: A cross-sectional qualitative study design was used. Data were collected in 2019 through a pre-survey and focus groups with junior faculty (defined as 0-5 years) across four institutions in Australia and the United States of America. Framework analysis was used to identify themes in the data, based on our defined research questions, and socio-cognitive career theory was applied to guide our analysis. RESULTS: A total of 22 junior faculty participated in the study. Only one of the four institutions had a formal mentoring programme for junior dental faculty. At this institution, 83% of participants indicated they were likely/extremely likely to remain in dental education. Across the three institutions where formal mentoring for junior dental faculty was not available, only 40% of participants indicated they were likely/extremely likely to remain in dental education. We identified five themes in the qualitative data: motivation for career choice, the importance of relationships, personal goals and the need for self-direction, expectations of the role, and institutional effects. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that mentoring is a critical factor in a junior faculty member's experience entering and socialising into a career in dental education. The perceived value of mentoring emerged across all themes, both from the perspective of participants who had received formal mentoring and those who had not.

Mentores , Faculdades de Odontologia , Austrália , Estudos Transversais , Educação em Odontologia , Docentes de Medicina , Humanos , Estados Unidos
Odontoestomatol ; 22(35): 80-88, jul. 2020. ilus.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, InstitutionalDB | ID: biblio-1103069


Proyectado en varias etapas, el edificio de la Facultad de Odontología se inauguró en 1940, cumpliendo uno de los anhelos de la comunidad de odontólogos en Uruguay. La construcción realizada transparentaba su lógica funcional y estructural, utilizaba elementos industrializados y apostaba por la abstracción en sus acabados. Además, carecía prácticamente de elementos clásicos, con lo cual denotaba una vez más su pretensión de objetividad. Esta, con su ineludible carga estética, hacía referencia al mundo de las máquinas, la revolución científica y la precisión, mundo al cual la odontología como disciplina no era ajena. No obstante, los diferentes proyectos del edificio demuestran que su proyectista no siempre sostuvo estas ideas y también jugó con proyectos más expresivos, con alusiones a otras tradiciones arquitectónicas.

Projected in several stages, the building of the School of Dentistry was opened in 1940, fulfilling one of the wishes of the community of dentists in Uruguay. The construction made transparent its functional and structural logic, used industrialized elements and opted for abstraction in its finishes. In addition, it practically lacked classical elements, which denoted once again its claim to objectivity. This, with its inescapable aesthetic load, referred to the world of machines, the scientific revolution and precision, a world to which dentistry, as a discipline, was not alien. However, the different projects of the building show that its designer did not always support these ideas and toyed with more expressive projects, alluding to other architectural traditions.

Projetado em várias etapas, o prédio da Faculdade de Odontologia foi inaugurado em 1940, cumprindo um dos desejos da comunidade de dentistas no Uruguai. A construção tornou transparente a sua lógica funcional e estrutural, utilizou elementos industrializados e optou pela abstração em seus acabamentos. Além disso, praticamente não possuía elementos clássicos, o que denotava mais uma vez sua reivindicação de objetividade. Isso, com sua inescapável carga estética, referia-se ao mundo das máquinas, à revolução científica e à precisão, um mundo do qual a odontologia como disciplina não era alheia. No entanto, os diferentes projetos do edifício mostram que o projetista nem sempre apoiou essas ideias e também jogou com projetos mais expressivos, com alusões a outras tradições arquitetônicas.

Faculdades de Odontologia , Arquitetura de Instituições de Saúde , História da Odontologia , Uruguai
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32610664


The purpose of this study was to examine the presence of geriatric dentistry (GD) in the curricula of worldwide dental schools, and to identify and compare their curriculum content. Eighty-three dental schools (16.4% response rate), from 24 countries, in six continents, completed a 25-item online questionnaire, to assess their GD curriculum, and were included in the study. GD was a mandatory course in 56 dental schools (67.5%), an independent subject in 14 schools (16.9%), and was taught as a series of lectures in 31 schools (37.4%). Clinically, 56 dental schools (67.5%) had some form of mandatory education in GD. The type of school, location and method of presentation were not associated with greater interest in expanding their curriculum in GD (p = 0.256, p = 0.276, and p = 0.919, respectively, using the Chi-square test). We found GD is a curriculum requirement in most of the surveyed dental schools and is becoming more common among dental school curricula. This survey is the first study to present data from dental schools from all continents, using a web-based survey which is a resourceful, less-expensive tool to gather data.

Odontologia Geriátrica , Faculdades de Odontologia , Idoso , Currículo , Educação em Odontologia , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários