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1.
PLoS One ; 16(12): e0260698, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34936667

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Currently, world is suffering from a respiratory disease names as COVID-19. This is a novel coronavirus (n-CoV), a new strain which has not been previously identified in humans and it has spread in more than 100 locations internationally due to which it is termed as "public health emergency of international concern" (PHEIC) by the World Health Organization So far, no study done as yet to assess whether the dental workforce is aware about the facts and myths related to Covid-19 awareness. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to analyze and compare the level of awareness about the facts and myths related to COVID-19 amongst faculty, dental students and prep year students of the College of Dentistry (COD) as part of an awareness campaign. METHODS: An awareness test about COVID-19 was designed using information from the World Health Organization's (WHO) Myth Busters Awareness webpage. The questionnaire was administrated online to faculty and students, of the College of Dentistry and preparatory year students who had applied for the admission to the dental college using a secure enterprise online assessment platform (Blackboard). The tests were administered over a period of three months from March to June 2020. A written informed consent was obtained. RESULTS: The online COVID-19 awareness test was administered to 810 participants, out of which 325 (40%) were prep year students, 429(53%%) were dental students, and 56 (7%) were faculty members. Analysis of the results showed that 86% of the Faculty were able to correctly identify the facts and the myths related to COVID-19 followed by 81% of the prep year students and 74% of the dental students. Preparatory year student's knowledge related to COVID-19 was found to be high when compared to dental students (26.47±4.27, 23.67±6.2). Student to faculty knowledge score did not differ significantly (p = 0.808). CONCLUSION: This study reports about a successful pilot test conducted to assess the perceived knowledge about facts and myths related to corona virus amongst the dental workforce.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Faculdades de Odontologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Mão de Obra em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Arábia Saudita , Estudantes de Odontologia/estatística & dados numéricos
2.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e213961, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1254644

RESUMO

Aim: This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate where Brazilian dental students seek information about COVID-19 by a self-administered web-based questionnaire. Methods: A social network campaign on Instagram was raised to approach the target population. The dental students responded to a multiple-response question asking where or with whom they get information about COVID-19. The possible answers were government official websites or health and education institutions websites, TV Programs, professors, social media, scientific articles, health professionals, and family members. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, and the frequency distributions of responses were evaluated by gender, age, type of institution, and year of enrollment. Results: A total of 833 valid responses were received. The main source of information used by the dental students were government official websites or health and education institutions websites, which were reported by 739 (88.7%) participants. In the sequence, 477 (57.3%) participants chose health professionals while 468 (56.2%) chose scientific articles as information sources. The use of social media was reported by 451 (54.1%) students, while TV programs were information sources used by 332 (39.9%) students. The least used information sources were professors, reported by 317 (38.1%) students, and family members, chosen only by 65 (7.8%) participants. Conclusion: Brazilian dental students rely on multiple information sources to stay informed about COVID-19, mainly focusing their information-seeking behavior on governmental and health professional's websites


Assuntos
Faculdades de Odontologia , Estudantes de Odontologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , Mídias Sociais , COVID-19
3.
Br Dent J ; 231(7): 405-408, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34625695

RESUMO

Introduction The flipped classroom (FC) format involves the student reviewing the theoretical subject matter through material provided prior to a face-to-face teaching session. The intention is that because the student is familiar with the material, they will derive more from the tutor contact time. This format has been shown to increase student satisfaction, performance and cognitive development, and delivers better academic attainment.Method The present paper describes the transition from a traditional lecture-based approach to a blended FC format in the delivery of the application of dental materials and biomaterials course at a UK dental school during the academic year 2019/2020, and compares student feedback before and after the transition.Results The formal and informal feedback received from students after the change was entirely positive.Discussion FC shows great promise as an andragogic tool in a clinical discipline, but further quantitative research is required, especially in respect to measuring academic attainment.Introduction.


Assuntos
Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas , Faculdades de Odontologia , Currículo , Avaliação Educacional , Retroalimentação , Humanos , Estudantes , Reino Unido
4.
Quintessence Int ; 52(10): 896-902, 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34595912

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe and report on the use of virtual clinical competency examinations (VCCEs) for D3 dental students in a radiology clinic during the COVID-19 pandemic and relate the technology to other clinical and educational applications. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Paper-based clinical competency examinations (CCEs) were converted to three different VCCEs to closely replicate the CCEs. Existing grading rubrics were used to assess students' abilities to evaluate technical issues and interpret intraoral full-mouth series and panoramic radiographs. The grading rubrics were modified from their clinical versions to eliminate non-reproducible skills, such as patient management and application of selection criteria. Radiographs were selected from clinic records and anonymized. VCCEs were conducted via WebEx conferences that were scheduled via an appointment app. These experiences can be extended to virtual patient contacts, teleradiology, and telemedicine, as well as continuing dental education experiences. RESULTS: Approximately 200 VCCEs were administered by four oral and maxillofacial radiology faculty over a 10-week period. Both students and faculty managed the technology well, with few missed appointments. All students were successful in challenging the examinations and appeared to be satisfied with the experience. CONCLUSIONS: Although direct comparisons between the CCEs and the new VCCEs are difficult, as there was no time to pilot the VCCEs, students were successful in challenging the examinations and informally reported satisfaction with the experience. Although components of CCEs that could not be replicated on the VCEs could not be assessed, it is felt that the students had adequate experience in selection of radiographs and patient management prior to the COVID-19 lockdown. Additional benefits of the VCCEs included contact with students to check on their well-being. The experience indicates that VCCEs can be used in the future in hybrid models of oral & maxillofacial radiology education, clinical care, patient screening, and telemedicine. Moreover, the success of this demonstration points to potential for personalized distance learning in continuing dental education.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Radiologia , Competência Clínica , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Faculdades de Odontologia
5.
Rev. ADM ; 78(5): 264-269, sept.-oct. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348067

RESUMO

Introducción: La mucina salival (Ms) modula otras proteínas salivales que participan en múltiples funciones fisiológicas de la cavidad oral. Los niveles de Ms pueden proporcionar información sobre el estado de inflamación de los tejidos periodontales. Por tanto, el objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar los niveles Ms en pacientes obesos y no obesos, antes y después del tratamiento periodontal. Material y métodos: Un total de 60 pacientes fueron distribuidos en seis grupos, de acuerdo al índice de masa corporal (IMC) y la gravedad de la enfermedad periodontal (EP). Valores del IMC superiores a 27 correspondían a obesidad. La EP en el momento del diagnóstico se designó como leve, moderada o severa. Se recolectaron muestras de saliva completa, antes (MU-A) y después (MU-D) del tratamiento periodontal. Se evaluaron los niveles de Ms utilizando el método de Azul Alcian. Los resultados se analizaron con el Software InfoStat, mediante estadística descriptiva e inferencial. Resultados: Los valores de MU-A fueron superiores a los contenidos de MU-D (p < 0.0001). Las variaciones entre los pacientes no obesos y obesos fueron mínimas. A medida que aumentó el nivel de la EP, las variables MU-A y MU-D mostraron una disminución progresiva (p = 0.0032). Conclusiones: El nivel de Ms fue mayor en la saliva de los pacientes con EP no tratada. Ms se puede utilizar como marcador inflamatorio para la detección de EP (AU)


Introduction: Salivary mucin (sM) modulates other salivary proteins that participate in multiple physiological functions of the oral cavity. sM levels can provide information on the state of inflammation of the periodontium. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to evaluate sM levels in obese and non-obese patients, before and after periodontal treatment. Material and methods: A total of 60 patients were distributed into six groups, according to the body mass index (BMI) and the severity of the periodontal disease (PD). BMI values higher than 27 corresponded to obesity. PD at the time of diagnosis was designated as mild, moderate, or severe. Complete saliva samples were collected before (MU-B) and after (MU-A) the periodontal treatment. sM levels were evaluated using the Alcian Blue method. The results were analyzed with the InfoStat Software, using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: MU-B values were higher than MU-A contents (p < 0.0001). Variations between non-obese and obese patients were minimal. As the level of PD increased, the variables MU-A and MU-D showed a progressive decrease (p = 0.0032). Conclusions: The level of sM was higher in the saliva of patients with untreated PD. sM can be used as an inflammatory marker for the detection of PD (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Periodontais , Saliva , Mucinas/análise , Obesidade/complicações , Argentina , Faculdades de Odontologia , Biomarcadores , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Análise Estatística , Azul Alciano , Estudos Controlados Antes e Depois
6.
J Oral Sci ; 63(4): 358-360, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34497245

RESUMO

Introducing new technology in the dental school curriculum may face some uphill challenges navigating through university-level bureaucracy, financial ramifications, and influencing the mindset of certain faculty. A dental school that relies heavily on teaching traditional restorative procedures may particularly face many challenges to embrace new technology. The restorative department at a US dental school created a division of computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) dentistry to introduce the concept of digital dentistry to dental students and faculty. This article describes methods that were adopted to improve acceptance and increase the productivity of chairside CAD/CAM restorations for both students and faculty at the dental school in US.


Assuntos
Currículo , Faculdades de Odontologia , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Odontologia , Humanos
7.
Compend Contin Educ Dent ; 42(9): 546-547, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34555917

RESUMO

The authors, with Dr. Sahni representing Harvard School of Dental Medicine (HSDM) and Dr. Dragan from Tufts University School of Dental Medicine (TUSDM), have joined together in a collaborative effort to examine differences and similarities in their respective dental education residency programs. This cooperative work is aimed at exchanging views on various topics related to dental training and amplifying dental education by providing enrichment opportunities to participants in each of the programs. Its primary purpose is to promote improvement in dental education and foster the professional development of leaders in academic dentistry by a novel method of collaboration through a shared model of teaching and learning.


Assuntos
Educação em Odontologia , Faculdades de Odontologia , Currículo , Humanos
8.
Eur Arch Paediatr Dent ; 22(5): 969-977, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34351613

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess and compare teaching of paediatric dentistry in the undergraduate curriculum among dental schools in the Arabian region. METHODS: A 28-item online cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted of undergraduate dental programme directors in the Arab region. The survey included questions related to the programme's content, method of instruction on specific paediatric dentistry topics as well as the director's opinion on the level of training obtained by the undergraduate students at the end of the programme. RESULTS: The final sample included 31 dental schools representing undergraduate programmes in ten Arabian countries (60.8% response rate). All programmes provided theoretical and practical education on communicative behaviour management techniques and caries prevention. Pulpectomy and formocresol pulpotomy were taught in the form of theoretical and practical education in 87.1% and 80.6% of the programmes, respectively. The method of education on common orthodontic topics was mainly theoretical with the exception of space maintainers. Instructions on managing trauma to permanent dentition was theoretical and practical in most programmes (61.3%). Most respondents rated the level of training of students in behaviour management and caries prevention as good to reasonable, while only 22.6% thought that the level of training was excellent in pulp therapy. CONCLUSION: Variations were observed in paediatric dentistry education among undergraduate dental programmes in the Arabian region in terms of topics, instruction methods, year of introduction of paediatric dentistry education, and number of clinical sessions offered. This study establishes a framework for future paediatric dentistry curriculum development and/or improvement in the Arabian region.


Assuntos
Odontopediatria , Faculdades de Odontologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Currículo , Educação em Odontologia , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
J Dent ; 112: 103753, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34339798

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the status of teaching of repair of defective resin-based composite restorations in dental schools in the Middle Eastern and North African (MENA) countries. METHODS: A validated 14-item questionnaire was mailed to the directors of the operative/restorative dentistry department in 40 MENA dental schools. Data were collected on teaching, including whether the repair of resin-based composite restorations was part of the dental school curriculum; the rationale behind the teaching; how techniques were taught, indications for repair, operative techniques, materials used, patient acceptability and expected longevity of the repair procedure. RESULTS: Thirty-two schools responded to the survey (response rate of 80%). Twenty-two (69%) schools reported the teaching of resin-based composite repairs as an alternative to the replacement of restorations. Of the schools not teaching repairs, 80% indicated that they plan to include this topic in the curriculum within the next five years. Most schools taught theoretical and practical aspects of repair at a clinical level only. Two-thirds of schools reported tooth substance preservation being the main reason for teaching repair techniques. The main indications for repair treatment were marginal defects (59%), followed by partial loss of restoration (56%). Most schools that performed repairs reported high patient acceptability. Considerable variation was noted in relation to expected longevity of resin- based composite repairs. CONCLUSIONS: The repair of defective resin-based composite restorations is actively taught within most of the surveyed schools. Advantages of repair, compared to replacement include minimum intervention, preservation of tooth structure, and savings of time and cost. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The decision between replacing or repairing a defective resin-based composite restoration in the MENA region tends to be based on clinicians' subjective experience and judgement. However, to further enhance the teaching of resin-based composite repair standardised guidelines need to be developed based on existing evidence.


Assuntos
Restauração Dentária Permanente , Faculdades de Odontologia , Resinas Compostas , Materiais Dentários , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Humanos , Ensino
10.
J Hist Dent ; 69(1): 56-64, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34383636

RESUMO

Guy's Hospital and its dental school have an illustrious history. It is the hospital where the first known UK lecture on dentistry was delivered to students in 1799. This paper examines its history and involvement with general and specialist children's dentistry, for which many dental staff helped to raise clinical standards. Interestingly, a number of leading graduates went to the USA for postgraduate study, more than from any other UK school. Many were financed by a travelling bursary endowed by the founding Dean, Frederick Newland-Pedley and have returned to be major players on the British scene, some in children's dentistry.By its very nature this research cannot claim to be exhaustive. Hopefully other researchers will add further information.


Assuntos
Hospitais , Faculdades de Odontologia , Criança , Saúde da Criança , Humanos , Instituições Acadêmicas
12.
Rev. ADM ; 78(4): 209-214, jul.-ago. 2021.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292705

RESUMO

Las Escuelas de Odontología como espacios educativos universitarios son un lugar idóneo para trabajar de manera urgente los procesos de ambientalización curricular que permitan realizar de forma horizontal y vertical temáticas y contenidos para crear y recrear un tipo de cultura y conciencia más amigable con el medio ambiente, y contribuir con conductas y actitudes sustentables en los estudiantes, docentes y trabajadores administrativos hacia una reducción significativa en la contaminación del ambiente local, regional y mundial, colaborando en ello con la solución a la regularización del clima y el control de los desastres ocasionados por el cambio climático. Además de esto, a ser las Escuelas de Odontología instituciones educativas que pueden funcionar bajo el paradigma de la sustentabilidad, se lograría contribuir al aseguramiento de los recursos naturales renovables y no renovables para las nuevas generaciones, además del logro de un importante ahorro económico en el gasto corriente de las escuelas (AU)


The Dental School as university educational spaces are an ideal place to urgently work on the curricular greening processes that allow working horizontally and vertically with themes and contents that allow creating and recreating a type of culture and awareness that is more friendly to the environment and contribute with sustainable behaviors and attitudes in students, teachers and administrative workers a more significant reduction in pollution of the local, regional and global environment, collaborating in this with the solution to the regularization of the climate and the control of disasters caused by change climate. In addition, being the School of Dentistry educational institutions that can function under the paradigm of sustainability, it would be possible to contribute to the assurance of renewable and non-renewable natural resource for the new generations, in addition to achieving significant economic savings in current spending from school (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Faculdades de Odontologia/tendências , Mudança Climática , Educação em Saúde Ambiental , Poluição Ambiental/prevenção & controle , Desenvolvimento Sustentável , Nações Unidas , Currículo , UNESCO , México
13.
Rev. ADM ; 78(4): 215-220, jul.-ago. 2021. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292866

RESUMO

En este informe de caso clínico se muestra el tratamiento exitoso de un paciente con anodoncia parcial de órganos dentales 13 y 23 debido a que fueron extraídos por presentar impactación y mal pronóstico de tracción. En este artículo se presenta un paciente masculino de 29 años clase I esquelética con un perfil convexo, maloclusión de clase III, overjet disminuido, ausencia de guías funcionales, discrepancia oseodentaria positiva en arcada superior y negativa en arcada inferior. El tratamiento se realizó con extracciones de los órganos dentales 34 y 44 para nivelar las discrepancias óseo dentarias interarcadas, se llevó a cabo mediante un cierre de espacios recíproco por medio de cadenas elásticas para ambas arcadas, con lo que se logró crear un overjet y overbite adecuados. La creación de las guías caninas funcionales se consiguió mediante el cambio de morfología de los órganos dentales 14 y 24, los cuales fueron llevados a la posición de los caninos ausentes. El tiempo total de tratamiento para este paciente fue de 24 meses. Se realizaron ameloplastias positivas, la aplicación de agregados de resina para mejorar la funcionalidad y proveer salud articular. Se sugiere que ante casos de anodoncia de caninos en la arcada superior, un tratamiento favorable se puede llevar a cabo mediante el cierre de espacios, la caracterización morfológica de los caninos ausentes mediante ameloplastias positivas en premolares (AU)


This case report shows the successful treatment of a patient with partial anodontia of dental organs 13 and 23 because they have been extracted due to present impactation and poor traction prognosis. This article presents a 29-year-old male class I skeletal patient with convex profile, class III malocclusion, overjet reduction, absence of functional guidance, positive bone-teeth discrepancy in the upper arch and negative in the lower arch. The treatment was carried out with the extractions of the dental organs 34 and 44 for correcting oral dental discrepancies between upper and lower arches; it was done using reciprocal closing of spaces by using elastic chains for both arches in order to achieve a suitable overjet and overbite. The creation of the canine guides was achieved by changing the morphology of the dental organs 14 and 24, which were taken to the position of the absent canines. The total treatment timing for this patient was 24 months. Positive ameloplasties were performed by application of resin aggregates to improve functionality and provide joint health. A favorable treatment for these kinds of cases of canine anodontics in the upper arch is carried out by closing spaces and the morphological characterization of the absent canines by positive in-premolar ameloplasties (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Extração Dentária/métodos , Dente Pré-Molar , Dente Canino/cirurgia , Esmalte Dentário/cirurgia , Anodontia/terapia , Faculdades de Odontologia , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária/métodos , Braquetes Ortodônticos , Contenções Ortodônticas , Fechamento de Espaço Ortodôntico , Estética Dentária , Má Oclusão Classe III de Angle/terapia , Maxila , México
14.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 368, 2021 07 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34301216

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dental caries is a significant public health problem in Iran. Teaching  minimally invasive interventions in paediatric dentistry may facilitate the provision of treatment for untreated dental caries in children. We evaluated the teaching of such interventions in both undergraduate dental curriculum and Paediatric Dentistry Specialty Training Programme (PDSTP) in Iran. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey. Participants in this study were the directors of 40 undergraduate programmes and 15 PDSTPs in all Iranian dental schools (response rate = 100%). Descriptive statistics were reported. RESULTS: The most commonly taught methods were preventive fissure sealant and preventive resin restoration (PRR), which were taught 'both didactically and clinically' in all undergraduate dental programmes. The least commonly taught methods were silver diamine fluoride (SDF), the Hall technique and resin infiltration, which were taught 'both didactically and clinically' in less than 5% of dental schools. The same three methods were the least commonly approaches taught in PDSTP, further, they were less often perceived to be 'essential'. CONCLUSIONS: There was a notable variation in the teaching of the management of dental caries in Iran's dental education. Some minimally invasive approaches including SDF, the Hall technique and resin infiltration are not being commonly taught in Iranian dental schools despite the evidence base for these techniques.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Odontopediatria , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Currículo , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Educação em Odontologia , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico) , Faculdades de Odontologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Ensino
15.
17.
J Dent Educ ; 85 Suppl 2: S102-S128, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34268756
18.
J Dent Educ ; 85 Suppl 2: S129-S143, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34268758
20.
BMC Med Educ ; 21(1): 388, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34284761

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Conventional classroom lectures continue to represent a major component of the dental education system to ensure optimum delivery of knowledge. Certain number of students are less compliant and likely to skip classes which may impact the overall academic performance. The aim of this study was to investigate dental students' attitude towards classroom attendance and potential reasons for absenteeism at King Abdulaziz University-Faculty of Dentistry (KAU-FD). METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey of all dental students actively enrolled at KAU-FD from January to June 2019. The survey included questions on demographics, average travel time to school, current dental year, most recent GPA, student's perspective toward classroom lectures. The survey was validated and distributed to all students at a pre-selected time frame. Data were analysed and presented as frequencies and percentages; chi-square test was used to explore parameters association. RESULTS: A total of 678 students consented and completed the survey. Overall, 44.3% of students were more likely to skip two classes or less per month. Second year dental students were more likely to be absent from classroom lectures (31.3%), while 3rd year dental students were less likely to do so (15.4%). Reported students' justifications for missing classes included early morning classes (47.9%), exams preparation (42%), and lecturer's weak presentation skills (41.9%). CONCLUSION: Compliance of dental students with classroom attendance has been an ongoing challenge for most programs. The current data suggests a multifactorial module for students' attitude toward classroom attendance. Future studies focusing on reasons behind classroom attendance behavior and addressing students' concerns are needed.


Assuntos
Faculdades de Odontologia , Estudantes de Medicina , Atitude , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Estudantes de Odontologia
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