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1.
Nursing ; 50(3): 58-61, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32068709

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To understand perceptions of compassion fatigue (CF), including compassion satisfaction, burnout, and work-related secondary traumatic stress in a random sampling of nurses from the authors' healthcare facility. METHODS: The Professional Quality-of-Life (ProQOL) nurse survey was used to measure the positive and negative aspects of caring and to identify elements of CF. Quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and statistical software, as well as a thematic analysis to identify themes in the interview transcripts. RESULTS: The level of compassion satisfaction was considered "average" by 76% of participants, suggesting that they were likely to derive pleasure from their work. Conversely, burnout and secondary traumatic stress were reported as average-to-low in more than 90% of the nurses. ProQOL scores reflected positive participant feelings about their ability to be effective in their work and indicated that they do not consider their work environment frightening. CONCLUSION: Providing nurses the tools, education, and support to implement self-care practices on the unit can help reduce CF.


Assuntos
Fadiga por Compaixão/prevenção & controle , Fadiga por Compaixão/psicologia , Modelos de Enfermagem , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
BJOG ; 127(5): 600-608, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31986555

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore obstetricians' and gynaecologists' experiences of work-related traumatic events, to measure the prevalence and predictors of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), any impacts on personal and professional lives, and any support needs. DESIGN: Mixed methods: cross-sectional survey and in-depth interviews. SAMPLE AND SETTING: Fellows, members and trainees of the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RCOG). METHODS: A survey was sent to 6300 fellows, members and trainees of RCOG. 1095 people responded. Then 43 in-depth interviews with trauma-exposed participants were completed and analysed by template analysis. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Exposure to traumatic work-related events and PTSD, personal and professional impacts, and whether there was any need for support. Interviews explored the impact of trauma, what helped or hindered psychological recovery, and any assistance wanted. RESULTS: Two-thirds reported exposure to traumatic work-related events. Of these, 18% of both consultants and trainees reported clinically significant PTSD symptoms. Staff of black or minority ethnicity were at increased risk of PTSD. Clinically significant PTSD symptoms were associated with lower job satisfaction, emotional exhaustion and depersonalisation. Organisational impacts included sick leave, and 'seriously considering leaving the profession'. 91% wanted a system of care. The culture in obstetrics and gynaecology was identified as a barrier to trauma support. A strategy to manage the impact of work-place trauma is proposed. CONCLUSIONS: Exposure to work-related trauma is a feature of the experience of obstetricians and gynaecologists. Some will suffer PTSD with high personal, professional and organisational impacts. A system of care is needed. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: 18% of obstetrics and gynaecology doctors experience post-traumatic stress disorder after traumatic events at work.


Assuntos
Ginecologia , Obstetrícia , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Médicos/psicologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia , Adulto , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Fadiga por Compaixão/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Despersonalização , Feminino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Grupos Minoritários/psicologia , Licença Médica , Inquéritos e Questionários , Reino Unido/epidemiologia
3.
PLoS One ; 14(12): e0226506, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860673

RESUMO

Workplace bullying experienced by clinical nurses is associated with burnout, a factor that threatens the quality of nursing care and patient safety. This study examined the association of workplace bullying with burnout, professional quality of life, and turnover intention among clinical nurses. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted using a structured questionnaire. Data were collected from 324 nurses and were analyzed using t-test, one-way analysis of variance, and multiple regression. Controlling for the general characteristics of the participants, workplace bullying had a significant association with emotional exhaustion (B = 0.29, p < 0.01) and depersonalization (B = 0.15, p < 0.01) among the subdomains of burnout, compassion fatigue among the components of professional quality of life (B = 0.15, p < 0.01), and turnover intention (B = 0.05, p < 0.01). Thus, preventing workplace bullying is important to reduce clinical nurses' burnout and turnover. The role of nursing leadership is crucial to develop interventions that reduce workplace bullying and successfully create a professional, nurturing, and supportive work culture.


Assuntos
Bullying/psicologia , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Fadiga por Compaixão/epidemiologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Reorganização de Recursos Humanos/estatística & dados numéricos , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Fadiga por Compaixão/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Masculino , Análise de Regressão , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
Nurs Clin North Am ; 54(4): 625-637, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31703786

RESUMO

Compassion fatigue (CF) can be detrimental to health care providers' mental and physical health, efficiency, and quality of patient care. Although many studies explore CF in physicians and nurses, there is currently limited published research regarding how advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs) develop and address CF. APRNs may be at high risk for developing CF due to their work responsibilities, patient interaction, and personal characteristics. Because of its impact on health care providers, patients, and organizations, APRNs should be aware of the potential causes, symptoms, and negative effects of this phenomenon.


Assuntos
Prática Avançada de Enfermagem , Esgotamento Profissional , Fadiga por Compaixão/psicologia , Satisfação no Emprego , Empatia , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida
6.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 27: e3175, 2019.
Artigo em Português, Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596410

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to assess compassion fatigue levels among nurses and its variation according socio-demographic and professional characteristics. METHOD: quantitative, descriptive and cross-sectional study, with 87 nurses from an emergency and urgent care unit for adults from a university hospital. A socio-demographic and professional questionnaire, along with the Professional Quality of Life Scale 5 were used. Data analysis was performed using descriptive and inferential statistics. RESULTS: compassion satisfaction presents the highest means, followed by burnout and secondary traumatic stress. Among the participants, 51% presented a high level of compassion satisfaction, 54% a high level of burnout, and 59% a high level of secondary traumatic stress. Older participants presented higher score of compassion satisfaction, and younger nurses, women, nurses having less job experience and nurses without leisure activities showed higher means of secondary traumatic stress. CONCLUSION: we found compassion fatigue, expressed in the large percentage of nurses with high levels of burnout and secondary traumatic stress. Fatigue is related to individual factors such as age, gender, job experience and leisure activities. Doing research and understanding this phenomenon allow the development of health promotion strategies at work.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Fadiga por Compaixão/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Demografia , Enfermagem em Emergência , Feminino , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
Lakartidningen ; 1162019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Sueco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31503319

RESUMO

There is a growing body of evidence that mindfulness and compassion are effective in reducing stress in health care. Focus meditation brings back the wandering mind to our breath and body. This attention skill can be practiced as STOP-sign: 'Stop, Take a breath, Observe and Priority first' when facing an emergency. Insight meditation helps us to observe our thoughts, let them pass and bring clarity. This noting technique can be practiced as SOAL: 'Stop, Observe, Accept, and Let go' when there is emotional distress. Better emotional regulation may also protect us from over-identification to negative affect. Mindfulness promotes transformation from empathy to compassion with focus on intention and motivation to alleviate. Compassion training may generate positive affect as antidote to empathy fatigue. Self-compassion embraces our difficulties in our life with the insight of common humanity and improves self-care. Group training at work place can be effective for implementation in health care.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/prevenção & controle , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Atenção Plena/métodos , Fadiga por Compaixão/prevenção & controle , Empatia , Humanos , Meditação , Estresse Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Autocuidado/métodos
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484307

RESUMO

Volunteers active in psychosocial emergency care offer psychological first aid to survivors of accidents and trauma, their relatives, eye witnesses, bystanders, and other first responders. So far, there are no studies that investigate the secondary and primary traumatization of this group of first responders. We included N = 75 volunteers, who filled out questionnaires to assess their secondary (QST/FST) and primary traumatization (PDS), and levels of comorbid psychological stress (PHQ-9, GAD-7, SF-12). We investigated factors of resilience by measuring attachment behavior (ECR-RD, RQ-2), level of personality functioning (OPD-SFK), sense of coherence (SOC-29), social support (F-SozU), and mindfulness (MAAS). The volunteers' levels of secondary and primary traumatization were below cut-off scores. Their levels of comorbid psychological stress were comparable to representative norm samples. Additionally, the volunteers presented high levels of resilience. Gender (ß = 0.26; p < 0.05), case discussions (ß = -0.37; p < 0.05), and social support (ß = 0.45; p < 0.01) were revealed to be predictors of secondary traumatization, while mindfulness turned out to be a predictor of primary traumatization (ß = -0.34; p = 0.008). However, we cannot rule out that the low prevalence of traumatization and comorbid psychological stress in our study sample might not be explained by a positive response bias.


Assuntos
Fadiga por Compaixão/psicologia , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Resiliência Psicológica , Estresse Psicológico , Adulto , Tratamento de Emergência , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Atenção Plena , Prevalência , Apoio Social , Inquéritos e Questionários , Voluntários
9.
Psychiatr Danub ; 31(Suppl 3): 438-442, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31488768

RESUMO

People, who assist patients with chronic health problems for work, voluntary or for family reasons, may be affected by burnout. This is defined as an excessive reaction to stress caused by one's environment that may be characterized by feelings of emotional and physical exhaustion, coupled with a sense of frustration and failure. A person who assists a suffering person, beyond the professional role, is indicated generally by the term "caregiver". The definition of Burnout in families is fairly recent, because the psychology of trauma has ignored a large segment of traumatized and disabled subjects (family and other assistants of "suffering people") unwittingly, for a long time. The burnout of secondary stress is due to one's empathic ability, actions trough disengagement, and a sense of satisfaction from helping to relieve suffering. Figley (1995) claims that being a member of a family or other type of intimate or bonded interpersonal relationship, one feels the others' pain. Closely associated with the suffering of the family caregiver is the concept of compassion fatigue, defined as a state of exhaustion and disfunction-biologically, psychologically, and socially - as a result of prolonged exposure to compassion stress and all that it evokes. In families, this can be the cause of serious conflicts and problems, quarrels, verbal and physical aggression, and broken relationships. The intervention on families requires practice and effectiveness approaches performed by experienced professionals. Some approaches focus more specifically, such as those that adopt a cognitive/behavioural technique with direct exposure, implosion methods, various drug treatments and family group psychotherapy. One of the most common models of intervention is based on the principle that the observation unit for the understanding of the disorder is not the single individual but the relationship between individuals.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Psicológico , Cuidadores/psicologia , Fadiga por Compaixão/psicologia , Emoções , Família/psicologia , Transtornos Mentais , Psicoterapia/métodos , Esgotamento Psicológico/prevenção & controle , Esgotamento Psicológico/terapia , Fadiga por Compaixão/prevenção & controle , Fadiga por Compaixão/terapia , Empatia , Humanos
10.
Emerg Nurse ; 27(5): 19-22, 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31475501

RESUMO

This article explores secondary traumatic stress (STS) and the emotional challenges that emergency nurses face when dealing with traumatised patients. The few studies on STS have shown a higher occurrence of STS symptoms in emergency nurses but provide limited evidence on how personal experiences may contribute to STS. Risk factors identified include repeated exposure to trauma; morbidity and mortality; personal trauma; chronic stressors; workload and emergency department pressures. STS can lead to reduced job satisfaction, sick leave and burnout. Protective factors include awareness and self-care, emotional intelligence, social support and education about STS. Strategies to minimise STS include balancing personal and professional life and the support of employers to help reduce compassion fatigue and aid staff retention.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Enfermagem em Emergência , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Fadiga por Compaixão/psicologia , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Fatores de Risco , Autocuidado/psicologia , Apoio Social
12.
Aust Vet J ; 97(10): 382-389, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31364771

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Research has identified that members of the veterinary profession are at high risk of occupational stress, burnout, poor psychological wellbeing and an elevated rate of suicide. Although scholarly interest in veterinarians has increased in recent years, relatively few studies have specifically examined the emotional work in veterinary interactions and what effect dealing with companion animal owners' grief has on the wellbeing of veterinarians. The purpose of this study was to determine if dealing with bereaved clients affected the psychological wellbeing of veterinarians. The concept of compassion fatigue was explored, including whether veterinarians believed that their training had equipped them for communicating with grieving clients. METHODS: Veterinary surgeons registered in South Australia in 2015 were invited to complete an online survey, with 105 participants responding. RESULTS: Many participants, particularly female and younger veterinarians, were experiencing mild to severe psychological distress and nearly half of the sample was experiencing high to very high levels of compassion fatigue. No participants reported seeking psychological or other professional mental health support and the majority had not referred a grieving client to a psychologist or other mental health professional. A significant proportion of veterinarians felt their own mental health was affected by dealing with clients grieving the loss of a companion animal. DISCUSSION: The findings are discussed in terms of increasing the wellbeing of veterinarians through improved curriculum training and workplace health promotion, particularly considering the high suicide rate reported for the profession.


Assuntos
Luto , Fadiga por Compaixão/psicologia , Eutanásia Animal , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Animais de Estimação/psicologia , Médicos Veterinários/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Eutanásia Animal/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Relações Profissional-Paciente , Austrália do Sul/epidemiologia , Suicídio/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
13.
Surg Clin North Am ; 99(5): 1029-1035, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31446908

RESUMO

Burnout is characterized by emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and a reduced sense of personal accomplishment. All physicians, and especially surgeons, are at risk for developing burnout. The best strategies for mitigating burnout mimic a modern approach to medicine: the development of preventive practices to protect, promote, and maintain health and well-being. Job satisfaction, job engagement, and compassion satisfaction help protect from burnout. Individual commitment to self-care in conjunction with support from within health care organizations create the optimal framework in which burnout can be mitigated.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/prevenção & controle , Fadiga por Compaixão/prevenção & controle , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Estilo de Vida Saudável , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Fatores de Risco , Autocuidado
14.
J Clin Nurs ; 28(23-24): 4549-4559, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468601

RESUMO

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To test a hypothetical path model estimating the influence of resilience and gratitude disposition on well-being in Korean clinical nurses and to verify the mediating effects of burnout, compassion satisfaction and job satisfaction using a multi-mediation model. BACKGROUND: To improve the well-being of nurses, it is necessary to consider their personal and work-related characteristics comprehensively. DESIGN: A descriptive cross-sectional design was used. METHODS: A total of 310 clinical nurses participated in this study. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data. A path analysis using a multi-mediation model was performed using AMOS 23.0 to test the hypothetical path model. This study adhered to the STROBE guideline. RESULTS: The model's fit indices were adequate. Resilience and gratitude disposition both had significant direct effects on well-being. Resilience and gratitude disposition had significant indirect effects on well-being through the effect of burnout, compassion satisfaction and job satisfaction. Resilience, gratitude disposition, burnout, compassion satisfaction and job satisfaction explained 68.3% of the total variance of well-being. CONCLUSIONS: Intervention programmes considering these factors may be useful to improve nurses' well-being. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Nurses' well-being should be assessed along with resilience, gratitude disposition, burnout, compassion satisfaction and job satisfaction. To improve the well-being of clinical nurses, systematic and integrated intervention programmes need to be developed and applied, with consideration for a variety of factors related to well-being.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Fadiga por Compaixão/psicologia , Satisfação no Emprego , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Resiliência Psicológica , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Geriatr Gerontol Int ; 19(8): 804-808, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31264332

RESUMO

AIM: This study aimed to examine the relationship between blood coagulability and sense of burden among caregivers of patients with senile dementia of the Alzheimer type. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out involving healthy older caregivers who lived with their patients with senile dementia of the Alzheimer type. We evaluated the Zarit Burden Interview score, levels of von Willebrand factor antigen, D-dimer, thrombin-antithrombin III complex, tissue plasminogen activator/plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 complex, number of chronic diseases, body mass index and number of medications. A linear regression model was used to estimate adjusted associations. RESULTS: Thrombin-antithrombin III complex levels were higher in female caregivers than in male caregivers (P = 0.07). Headaches were significantly more frequent in female caregivers than in male caregivers, as assessed by a visual analog scale (P < 0.01). The number of chronic diseases and body mass index were positively associated with levels of tissue plasminogen activator/plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 complex (P < 0.05). Similarly, the number of medications was positively associated with levels of D-dimer (P < 0.05). However, the Zarit Burden Interview score was not associated with blood coagulability (P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The present study found that the number of chronic diseases and body mass index were associated with blood coagulability, and that female caregivers were more prone to headaches and higher blood coagulability than male caregivers. These findings highlight the essential nature of health management during caregiving. The impact of caregiver burden on blood coagulability is likely to differ depending on the long-term or short-term psychological stress associated with caregiving conditions. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2019; 19: 804-808.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Cuidadores , Doença Crônica/epidemiologia , Fadiga por Compaixão , Transtornos da Cefaleia , Peptídeo Hidrolases/sangue , Estresse Psicológico , Idoso , Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico , Doença de Alzheimer/psicologia , Antitrombina III , Coagulação Sanguínea , Índice de Massa Corporal , Cuidadores/psicologia , Cuidadores/estatística & dados numéricos , Fadiga por Compaixão/sangue , Fadiga por Compaixão/diagnóstico , Fadiga por Compaixão/etiologia , Fadiga por Compaixão/psicologia , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Transtornos da Cefaleia/diagnóstico , Transtornos da Cefaleia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Fatores Sexuais , Estresse Psicológico/sangue , Estresse Psicológico/diagnóstico , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Escala Visual Analógica
16.
Int J Ment Health Nurs ; 28(5): 1042-1052, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31231965

RESUMO

Burnout is a common problem among mental health nurses. High levels of burnout result in job dissatisfaction, rapid turnover of staff, physical and psychological discomfort, and a reduction in the quality of patient care. While there is an abundance of research relating to burnout per se, research regarding the impact of burnout prevention programmes is lacking. This study aimed to measure the effects of a burnout prevention programme on mental health nurses working in Saudi Arabia (SA). A quasi-experimental design was used to test the effectiveness of a two-day burnout prevention workshop. The sample consisted of an intervention group (n = 154) and a control group (n = 142). Data collected using the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) measured the effects of the workshop at 1-, 3-, and 6-month intervals after completion of the programme. Data were analysed using the latest version of SPSS. Means, standard deviations, frequencies, and percentages were used to describe the sample and levels of burnout. A t-test, ANOVA, multiple linear regression, and chi-squared were used to measure the effect of the workshop before and at the three time points after exposure. Findings indicate the programme was effective with a significant reduction being reported 1 month after the intervention. However, although not returning to baseline scores, burnout scores had increased at 6 months. In conclusion, while the overall efficacy of the burnout reduction programme is evident, mental health nurses would benefit from having opportunity to use some of the strategies on a regular basis.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/prevenção & controle , Enfermagem Psiquiátrica , Esgotamento Profissional/etiologia , Fadiga por Compaixão/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Masculino , Fadiga Mental/prevenção & controle , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Enfermagem Psiquiátrica/métodos , Enfermagem Psiquiátrica/organização & administração , Arábia Saudita
17.
Eur J Cancer Care (Engl) ; 28(5): e13124, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31222849

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to examine the relationship of empathy and professional quality of life in cancer healthcare professionals. METHODS: A Professional Quality of Life instrument measuring compassion satisfaction and compassion fatigue, and the Interpersonal Reactivity Index measuring empathy were distributed to healthcare professionals working in cancer care in the Republic of Ireland. Final analysis was conducted on 117 participants. RESULTS: A quarter of participants experience high levels of compassion satisfaction, and a quarter are at risk of compassion fatigue. A positive correlation was found between personal distress and compassion fatigue, and a negative correlation was found between personal distress and compassion satisfaction. A positive correlation was found between empathic concern and secondary traumatic stress. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that healthcare professionals working in cancer care are at risk of compassion fatigue. Also, healthcare professionals working in cancer care experience personal distress that may impact negatively on professional quality of life. Implications for practice include a need to identify those HCPs who are at risk of compassion fatigue. The implication for further research suggests further exploration of the impact of personal distress felt by cancer healthcare professionals during empathic engagement.


Assuntos
Pessoal Técnico de Saúde/psicologia , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Fadiga por Compaixão/psicologia , Empatia , Neoplasias/terapia , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Oncologistas/psicologia , Adulto , Pessoal Técnico de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Fadiga por Compaixão/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Irlanda/epidemiologia , Satisfação no Emprego , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Enfermagem Oncológica/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
18.
Gac. sanit. (Barc., Ed. impr.) ; 33(3): 268-271, mayo-jun. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-183748

RESUMO

Objetivo: Analizar las diferencias en la sobrecarga percibida entre personas cuidadoras de familiares dependientes que son usuarias de asociaciones y que no lo son, así como evaluar la relación entre sobrecarga, capacidad de resiliencia y nivel de empatía. Método: Estudio ex post facto retrospectivo de dos grupos, uno de ellos casi control. Conformaron la muestra 155 personas que prestan cuidados informales (28 hombres y 127 mujeres); 109 eran usuarios/as de asociaciones de familiares de personas enfermas y 46 no usuarios/as. Se llevaron a cabo análisis tanto descriptivos como comparativos bivariados. Resultados: Las personas cuidadoras integradas en asociaciones muestran una menor sobrecarga y nivel de empatía, poniéndose de manifiesto que, a mayor nivel de sobrecarga percibida, menor es la capacidad de resiliencia. Conclusiones: La pertenencia a asociaciones de personas dependientes supone, para las personas cuidadoras, un menor nivel de sobrecarga percibida y un menor riesgo de desarrollo de síndrome de desgaste por empatía


Objective: To analyse the differences in perceived burden between family caregivers who are users of patient associations and those who are not; to assess the relationship between burden, resilience, and empathy levels. Method: Retrospective ex post facto study of two groups, one of them quasi control. The sample was composed of 155 informal caregivers (28 men and 155 women); 109 of them were users of patient relatives' associations and 46 were not. Both descriptive and bivariate comparative analyses were carried out. Results: Caregivers who were members of patient associations showed lower burden and empathy levels than those who were not. This highlighted that the higher their level of perceived burden, the lower their level of resilience. Conclusions: Belonging to carers' associations results in a lower level of perceived burden and a lower risk of developing compassion fatigue syndrome


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carga de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Cuidadores/psicologia , Resiliência Psicológica , Fadiga por Compaixão/psicologia , Esgotamento Psicológico/psicologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Idoso Fragilizado/estatística & dados numéricos
20.
Transplant Proc ; 51(4): 1038-1043, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31101167

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Organ transplant coordinators are affected by the experienced traumas of patients and relatives, which increases their risk of compassion fatigue. This study was conducted to determine the effect of compassion fatigue on organ transplant coordinators and to reveal its relationship with professional quality of life and endurance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive study was carried out between November 2017 and March 2018 among organ transplant coordinators working in Turkey. Out of the total 187 coordinators, 91 (48.6%) agreed to participate. Data collection was performed via a demographic information questionnaire, the 24-item Compassion Scale developed by Pommier, the 30-item Professional Quality of Life (ProQOL) Scale developed by Stamm, and the 33-item Psychological Endurance Scale developed by Friborg et al. FINDINGS: Among the compassion subscales, the highest mean scores were in the kindness subscale, while the lowest mean scores were received from the indifference subscale. In the ProQOL, the compassion satisfaction subscale received the highest scores. The scores of the Psychological Endurance Scale were also high. There were statistically significant, weak to moderate correlations between all compassion subdimensions with absolute values of correlation coefficients (r) ranging from 0.260 to 0.690 (P < .05). There was a significant positive correlation between the burnout and compassion fatigue/traumatic stress subscales of the ProQOL (r = 0.660; P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrate that ProQOL and psychological endurance are essential determinants of compassion fatigue among organ transplant coordinators. We suggest that correcting the working quality of organ transplant coordinators will reduce compassion fatigue and increase their psychological stability.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Fadiga por Compaixão , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Transplante de Órgãos/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Turquia
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