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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(11): e25144, 2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33725997

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Educational material (EM) addresses particular safety information of medicinal products to healthcare professionals and patients. Since 2016, German national competent authorities label approved EM with a Blue Hand symbol. However, data is scarce regarding its usability as a safety communication tool in pharmacies to improve patient safety. The purpose of this study is to investigate for the first time pharmacists' awareness and perception of EM in the setting of community and hospital pharmacies in Germany.The Drug Commission of German Pharmacists surveyed its nationwide network of 677 community and 51 hospital reference pharmacies, to investigate their awareness and perception of EM. The survey was conducted between January 16 and February 10, 2020 using SurveyMonkey. Data were analyzed using Microsoft Excel.A total of 373 community and 32 hospital pharmacists participated; response rates were 55.1% and 62.8%, respectively. Overall, 320 (85.8%) community and all hospital pharmacists confirmed awareness of EM. Community and hospital pharmacists fully (n = 172, 46.9% and n = 9, 28.1%) or rather (n = 109, 29.7% and n = 10, 31.3%) agreed that EM for healthcare professionals is suitable to reduce risks of medicinal products. Moreover, 237 (64.7%) community and 17 (53.1%) hospital pharmacists confirmed to inform patients or care facilities about EM. Asking pharmacists on their personal perception of EM, the refinement of readability and accessibility was indicated.Pharmacists confirm awareness of EM and its suitability as a safety communication tool. However, from a pharmacists' perspective, the applicability and readability of EM still needs further adjustment to improve patient safety.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/normas , Segurança do Paciente , Farmacêuticos/psicologia , Adulto , Serviços Comunitários de Farmácia , Compreensão , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Alemanha , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Percepção , Serviço de Farmácia Hospitalar , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
Gen Hosp Psychiatry ; 69: 20-26, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33485091

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to understand the physical and psychological impact of high stress clinical environments and contributory factors of burnout in multidisciplinary healthcare workforce during the initial outbreak of COVID-19. METHOD: In-person qualitative interviews informed by an adaptation of Karasek's Job Demand-control model were conducted with a convenience sample of healthcare workforce from March to April 2020. RESULTS: Themes emerging from interviews coalesced around three main areas: fear of uncertainty, physical and psychological manifestations of stress, and resilience building. Shifting information, a lack of PPE, and fear of infecting others prompted worry for those working with Covid-infected patients. Participants reported that stress manifested more psychologically than physically. Individualized stress mitigation efforts, social media and organizational transparency were reported by healthcare workers to be effective against rising stressors. CONCLUSION: COVID-19 has presented healthcare workforce with unprecedented challenges in their work environment. With attention to understanding stressors and supporting clinicians during healthcare emergencies, more research is necessary in order to effectively promote healthcare workforce well-being.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Equipamento de Proteção Individual/provisão & distribução , Resiliência Psicológica , Adulto , Pessoal Técnico de Saúde/psicologia , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Medo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Política Organizacional , Farmacêuticos/psicologia , Médicos/psicologia , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Terapia Respiratória , Mídias Sociais , Incerteza , Estados Unidos
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(2): e23670, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33466122

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Patient safety is a fundamental aspect of a healthcare system. The aim of this study was to assess the perception and determinants of the patient safety culture of pharmacists in hospitals, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.A survey was conducted with pharmacists in the pharmacies of governmental, /military and private hospitals in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The pharmacy survey on patient safety culture questionnaire developed by Agency for Healthcare Research and Qualtity, a hard copy was distriuted to the pharmacists. The positive response rate (RR) was calculated and compared across hospitals using a chi-square test. The predictors of patient safety grades were identified using the generalized estimating equation. The data was analyzed using SAS.A total of 538 questionnaires were distributed, of which 411 responded (RR 76.4%). Of the participants, 229 (56%) were females. The majority 255 (62%) were in the 18 to 34 years age range, and 361 (88%) had a bachelor's degree. The majority of the sample 376 (92%) was a pharmacist. The Positive RR (PRR) ranged between (25.6%-74%). The highest PRR was observed in teamwork (74.4%), followed by 'staff, training and skills' (68%), and 'organizational learning continuous improvement' (66%). The lowest PRR was observed in 'staffing, work pressure, and pace' (25.5%). Comparing the PPR of the various healthcare sectors, the governmental hospitals scored the highest in all patient safety domains. Generalized Estimating Equation analysis showed that with increase in scores of all patient safety culture domains increased the likelihood of reporting a better patient safety grade, whereas respondents' demographic characteristics had no effect except the working experience years 6 years and above had odds of poor reporting of the patient safety grade (odds ratio = 2.54, 95% confience interval (1.543, 4.194), (P = .0003).The grades achieved in the various domains of patient safety culture by pharmacists in Riyadh are below the expected standard. The highest scores were achieved in teamwork, with the lowest scores in staffing, work pressure and pace. Overall, pharmacists in government hospital settings have a better perception of patient safety than their peers in other settings. These results provide the baseline evidence for developing future interventional studies aiming at improving patient safety culture in hospital pharmacy settings.


Assuntos
Cultura Organizacional , Segurança do Paciente/normas , Farmacêuticos/psicologia , Gestão da Segurança/organização & administração , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Comunicação , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Capacitação em Serviço/organização & administração , Masculino , Erros de Medicação/prevenção & controle , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Admissão e Escalonamento de Pessoal/organização & administração , Melhoria de Qualidade/organização & administração , Gestão da Segurança/normas , Arábia Saudita , Carga de Trabalho , Adulto Jovem
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33445750

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immunization rates among the adult population in Poland are below desired targets, urging the need to expand this service in the community. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the ultimate goals for limiting the spread of the infection are vaccines against SARS-CoV-2. Pharmaceutical companies are in a race for the fastest possible way to deliver vaccines. Community pharmacists in Poland are recognised as an accessible yet underutilised group of medical professionals. Therefore, involving pharmacists in vaccinations may have beneficial results for the healthcare system. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to assess the readiness and willingness of community pharmacists following the Pharmacist Without Borders project who had either been trained or not in providing immunization services, and to identify the factors that may support the implementation of such services in Poland. METHODS: This study was conducted among pharmacists between February and August 2020 in Poland. A survey was developed to determine their readiness to provide vaccination services in their pharmacies, to recognise any barriers to vaccinations, as well as the factors necessary to implement vaccination services in Polish pharmacies. RESULTS: A total of 1777 pharmacists participated in the study, comprising 127 (7.1%) pharmacists trained in vaccinations during the Pharmacists Without Borders project and 1650 (92.9%) pharmacists not participating in the workshops. Pharmacists participating in the workshops more often indicated that providing vaccinations in community pharmacies would improve the overall vaccination rate (p = 0.0001), and that pharmacists could play an important role in advertising and promoting vaccinations (p = 0.0001). For the pharmacists not participating in the workshops, they indicated to a much greater extent possible barriers affecting the readiness to provide vaccinations in pharmacies. They most often pointed out that vaccination services would result in a significant workload increase (p = 0.0001), that pharmacies were not adapted to immunization, and that there were not enough training courses for pharmacists (p = 0.0001). CONCLUSION: The pharmacists working in community pharmacies indicated many advantages of vaccinations in pharmacies. This study identified barriers to the introduction of vaccinations and factors necessary to implement these services in pharmacies. The pharmacists trained during the immunization programme of the Pharmacists Without Borders project showed a greater readiness to provide immunization services.


Assuntos
Serviços Comunitários de Farmácia/organização & administração , Programas de Imunização/organização & administração , Farmacêuticos/organização & administração , Adulto , Humanos , Imunização , Pandemias , Farmacêuticos/psicologia , Polônia , Papel Profissional , Vacinação
5.
Ann Pharmacother ; 55(1): 25-35, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32578433

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Numerous equations are used for estimation of renal function, and many electronic medical records report multiple clearance estimates to assist with drug dosing. It is unknown whether the presence of multiple clearance estimates affects clinical decision-making. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the presence of multiple renal clearance estimates affects pharmacist drug dosing decisions. METHODS: A randomized trial in the form of an electronic survey including 4 clinical vignettes was delivered to hospital pharmacists. Vignettes consisted of a patient presenting with an acute pulmonary embolism requiring enoxaparin therapy. Pharmacists were randomized to receive a single estimate of renal function or multiple estimates for all vignettes. The primary outcome was deviation from approved recommendations on at least 1 vignette. The χ2 test was used to detect differences in deviation rates between groups. Logistic regression was performed to adjust for the effects of potentially confounding variables. RESULTS: A total of 154 studies were completed (73 in the multiple-estimate group and 81 in the single-estimate group). Pharmacists presented with multiple renal estimates were significantly more likely to deviate from recommended dosing regimens than pharmacists presented with a single estimate (54.7% vs 38.2%; P = 0.04). The results were driven primarily by the 2 vignettes that included discordance among Cockcroft-Gault equation creatinine clearance estimates. Logistic regression identified multiple estimates as the only independent predictor of deviation (P = 0.04). CONCLUSION AND RELEVANCE: Pharmacists provided with a single renal clearance estimate were more likely to adhere to approved dosing recommendations than pharmacists provided with multiple estimates.


Assuntos
Enoxaparina/administração & dosagem , Farmacêuticos/normas , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto/normas , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Creatinina/urina , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Enoxaparina/urina , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Farmacêuticos/psicologia , Embolia Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico
6.
PLoS One ; 15(12): e0244211, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33347490

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a group of cardiovascular risk factors, and its prevalence is becoming alarmingly high in Ethiopia. Studies uncovered as community pharmacy professionals (CPPs) have not yet well integrated into public health programs and priorities. In low income setting like Ethiopia, evidence regarding the roles CPPs in preventing and management of MetS is dearth. OBJECTIVE: The study was aimed to assess community pharmacy professionals'(CPPs) opinions about metabolic syndrome, describe their perception level towards the effectiveness of the main interventions and explore their extent of involvement in counseling patients with the metabolic syndrome in Gondar town, Northwestern Ethiopia. METHOD: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted among pharmacists and druggists working in community medication retail outlets (CMROs) in Gondar town, northwestern Ethiopia from April 1 to May 31, 2019. Data were collected using a self-administered pre-tested questionnaire. Descriptive statistics was used to summarize different variables, and presented in tables and figure. An independent t-test and one way ANOVA (Analysis of Variance) were used to compare mean scores. A 5% level of significance was used. RESULT: Out of the 75 CPPs approached, 65(40 pharmacists and 25 druggists) completed the survey giving a response rate of 86.7%. Smoking cessation practice was identified to be low. There were a statistically significant difference (t = 2.144, P = 0.036) in the involvement towards counseling patients between CPPs who claimed to work in pharmacy (mean = 3.96 out of 5 points Likert scale) and drug stores (mean = 3.80 out of 5 points Likert scale). CONCLUSION: The study concluded that the overall involvement of professionals in counseling patients, opinion about metabolic syndrome, and perception towards the effectiveness of the intervention was found to be more or less positive. However, the provision of services, such as monitoring therapy, selling equipment for home blood pressure and glucose monitoring and documenting patient care services needs to be encouraged. Given proper education and training, the current study hope that community pharmacists could be an important front-line contributors to contain this emerging epidemic in Gondar town as well as in the entire nation.


Assuntos
Cultura , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Síndrome Metabólica/prevenção & controle , Farmacêuticos/psicologia , Etiópia , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Promoção da Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Síndrome Metabólica/psicologia , Farmácias/estatística & dados numéricos
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33138198

RESUMO

The phenomenon of population ageing observed over recent years involves growing healthcare needs and the limited staffing and financing of healthcare systems, and as such demands some functional changes in the healthcare model in many countries. This situation is particularly significant in the face of a pandemic, e.g., flu, and currently COVID-19.As well as social education, preventive vaccinations are the most effective method of fighting the infectious diseases posing a special threat to seniors. Despite this, the vaccination coverage level in most European countries is relatively low. This is largely due to patients having limited access to vaccinations. In some countries, implementing vaccinations in pharmacies and by authorized pharmacists has significantly improved vaccination coverage rates and herd immunity, while lowering the cost of treating infections and the resulting complications, as well as minimizing the phenomenon of inappropriate antibiotic therapies. This article presents the role of pharmacists in the prevention of infectious diseases, pointing out the measurable effects of engaging pharmacists in conducting preventive vaccinations, as well as analyzing the models of implementing and conducting vaccinations in pharmacies in selected countries, and depicting recommendations regarding vaccinations developed by international organizations. The presented data is used to suggest requirements for the implementation of preventive vaccinations in community pharmacies.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Influenza Humana/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Farmácias , Farmacêuticos/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Vacinação/estatística & dados numéricos , Betacoronavirus , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Serviços Comunitários de Farmácia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia
8.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 20(1): 913, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33008384

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Novel Coronavirus is a global pandemic affecting all walks of life and it significantly changed the health system practices. Pharmacists are at the front line and have long been involved in combating this public health emergency. Therefore, the study was aimed to explore pharmacy preparedness and response to prevent and control coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted in six pharmacies in Aksum, Ethiopia in May, 2020. We conducted six in-depth interviews with purposively selected key informants. Direct observation measures were made to assess the activities made in the medicine retail outlets for the prevention and control of the pandemic. Interview data were audio-recorded, translated and transcribed verbatim. Thematic analysis was employed to analyze the data and OpenCode version 4.02 software was used to facilitate the data analysis. RESULTS: The thematic analysis has resulted in seven major themes. Good preparedness measures were undertaken to control and prevent COVID-19. Study informants had good knowledge about the pandemic disease and reported they had used different resource materials to update themselves. Preparing of alcohol-based hand-rub, availing finished sanitizers and alcohol, and advising clients to maintain physical distancing were the major counseling information being delivered to prevent the disease. Some tendencies of irrational drug use and false claims of COVID-19 were observed at the beginning of the pandemic. Interview informants had reported they were working with relevant stakeholders and appropriate patient education and support were given to combat the pandemic. CONCLUSION: The study revealed necessary pharmacy services has been rendered to all clients. However, availability of drugs and medical supplies were scarce which negatively affected the optimal delivery of pharmacy services. The government and other responsible bodies should work together to solve such problems and contain the pandemic.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Assistência Farmacêutica/organização & administração , Farmacêuticos/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Etiópia/epidemiologia , Feminino , Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Preparações Farmacêuticas/provisão & distribução , Farmacêuticos/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesquisa Qualitativa
9.
Yakugaku Zasshi ; 140(10): 1295-1298, 2020.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32999207

RESUMO

Health professionals should adopt best practices that are cognizant of the communication skills of their patients. Pharmacists should be knowledgeable about hearing disabilities to effectively provide medication education to deaf and hard-of-hearing (HH) patients. The Act for Eliminating Discrimination against Persons with Disabilities requires pharmacists to take the appropriate actions to their patients. However, awareness about the appropriate actions for eliminate discrimination has not increased among medical professionals. This survey examined the knowledge about hearing disabilities, practice of appropriate actions and confidence in medication education to deaf and HH patients on 216 pharmacists in Yahata Pharmaceutical Association in November 2019. Pharmacists had poor awareness about hearing disabilities and about 30% of participants misunderstood appropriate actions in communication to deaf and HH patients. Practice of appropriate action in medication education were taken by only about half of the participants. In particular, placing Ear symbol had not be taken at all. Participants felt that they could provide medication education sufficiently by written materials in spite of poor understanding about the literacy of deaf individuals. On the other hand, they felt unconfident due to lack of understanding about hearing disabilities and how to communicate with their patients. This survey suggests that pharmacists need to learn about hearing disabilities for effective communication and practice of appropriate action in medication education to patients with hearing disabilities. Learning hearing disabilities may enable them to take the actions that are necessary to eliminate discrimination and enhance their confidence in providing medication education.


Assuntos
Comunicação , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Pessoas com Deficiência Auditiva , Farmacêuticos/psicologia , Autoimagem , Competência Clínica , Compreensão , Humanos , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Ann Pharm Fr ; 78(6): 459-463, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33038309

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: COVID-19 outbreak can impact mental health including health care workers. The aim of this study was to assess the psychological impact of COVID-19 in French community pharmacists. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We carried out a postal-based survey to assess the psychological impact of COVID-19 in French owner community pharmacists based on three validated self-report questionnaires: Perceived Stress scale, Impact of Event Scale-revised and Maslach Burnout Inventory. RESULTS: The sample consists of 135 community pharmacists. Twenty-three pharmacists reported significant post-traumatic stress symptoms (17%). High burnout symptoms were found in 33 (25%), 46 (34.9%) and 4 (3%) participants. Females scored higher than males for all questionnaires (P=0.01). CONCLUSIONS: This study is the first study which showed the psychological impact of COVID-19 in community pharmacists. Based on validated self-report questionnaires, up to 35% of pharmacists reported psychological disturbances. Interventions to promote psychological well-being of healthcare workers need to be developing.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Esgotamento Profissional/etiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional/etiologia , Farmacêuticos/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/etiologia , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Serviços Comunitários de Farmácia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Despersonalização/epidemiologia , Despersonalização/etiologia , Emoções , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Autorrelato , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Distribuição por Sexo , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Sante Publique ; 32(2): 229-237, 2020 09 15.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32989952

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The HIV self-test has been on sale in France since September 2015. What is the point of view of pharmacists and key populations with regard to accessing self-tests in community pharmacies ? METHOD: One year after the HIV self-test came onto the market, the points of view of pharmacists and key populations with regard to HIV were collected during six focus groups: the pharmacists themselves; people who had already used HIV self-tests; potential users from two key populations with regard to HIV: migrants from sub-Saharan Africa and men who have sex with men; potential users from populations with active sex lives but not particularly vulnerable with regard to HIV: young adults (<25 years of age), multi-partner heterosexual adults. RESULTS: The HIV self-test in community pharmacies is perceived by all participants as a significant step forward for accessing screening for HIV. However, issues around discretion and anonymity were seen to create significant tensions with regard to accessing the test itself, but also the information necessary to use it correctly both at a technical level and above all concerning how to interpret test results. CONCLUSION: Although the present study underlines the role of the pharmacist as a significant public health actor in the dispensation of the self-test, the sales price and questions of anonymity are seen as major obstacles. Priority actions include renewing communication campaigns concerning the existence and the use of the product for the upcoming generations of young people but also specific campaigns targeting more vulnerable populations.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico , Homossexualidade Masculina/psicologia , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Farmacêuticos/psicologia , Autocuidado , Migrantes/psicologia , África ao Sul do Saara/etnologia , Grupos Focais , França , Homossexualidade Masculina/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Farmácias , Migrantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
13.
Sante Publique ; 32(2): 229-237, 2020.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32985839

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The HIV self-test has been on sale in France since September 2015. What is the point of view of pharmacists and key populations with regard to accessing self-tests in community pharmacies ? METHOD: One year after the HIV self-test came onto the market, the points of view of pharmacists and key populations with regard to HIV were collected during six focus groups: the pharmacists themselves; people who had already used HIV self-tests; potential users from two key populations with regard to HIV: migrants from sub-Saharan Africa and men who have sex with men; potential users from populations with active sex lives but not particularly vulnerable with regard to HIV: young adults (<25 years of age), multi-partner heterosexual adults. RESULTS: The HIV self-test in community pharmacies is perceived by all participants as a significant step forward for accessing screening for HIV. However, issues around discretion and anonymity were seen to create significant tensions with regard to accessing the test itself, but also the information necessary to use it correctly both at a technical level and above all concerning how to interpret test results. CONCLUSION: Although the present study underlines the role of the pharmacist as a significant public health actor in the dispensation of the self-test, the sales price and questions of anonymity are seen as major obstacles. Priority actions include renewing communication campaigns concerning the existence and the use of the product for the upcoming generations of young people but also specific campaigns targeting more vulnerable populations.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Farmacêuticos/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Grupos Focais , França , Humanos , Masculino , Farmácias , Autocuidado , Adulto Jovem
14.
Yakugaku Zasshi ; 140(9): 1151-1164, 2020.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879247

RESUMO

Pharmacists working in collaboration with doctors are mainly involved in proposals and inquiries of prescription. At such times, belief conflicts are expected to deteriorate teamwork and induce stress. However, there is no strong evidence for this. To clarify factors resulting in belief conflicts, we conducted a survey among 594 pharmacists working at medical institutions in Gifu City and belonging to Gifu Pharmaceutical Association or Gifu Prefectural Society of Hospital Pharmacists between January 2019 and April 2019. The items of the survey were gender, place of employment, pharmacist working experience (years), awareness of "professional competencies for pharmacists" stated in Model Core Curriculum for Pharmacy Education -2015 version-, whether each item of "professional competencies for pharmacists" is applicable to himself/herself or not, whether teamwork deteriorates and stress occurs due to proposals and inquiries of prescription or not, and Assessment of Belief Conflict in Relationship-14 (ABCR-14). The recovery rate of the questionnaire was 50.3% and the valid response rate was 77.6%. Multiple logistic regression and Bayesian network analyses revealed that "I can empathize with a patient's feelings and emotions, but I experience difficulty with unfair criticism" commonly resulted in teamwork deterioration due to proposals of prescription. "Pharmacist working experience years (more than 10 years)" and "The other staff make unreasonable demands of me in the work" commonly resulted in stress. Thus, belief conflicts in therapeutic relationships result in teamwork deterioration and stress in prescription proposals.


Assuntos
Teorema de Bayes , Competência Clínica , Proposta de Concorrência , Colaboração Intersetorial , Análise Multivariada , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Farmacêuticos/psicologia , Prescrições , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Currículo , Educação em Farmácia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Yakugaku Zasshi ; 140(9): 1185-1193, 2020.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879250

RESUMO

Lipid lowering therapy using statins prevents the risk of cardiovascular events. However, since the year 2000, there have been some reports that statins increased the risk of developing diabetes (SIRDD). It is socially demanded that pharmacists must apply pharmacotherapy to patients by utilizing drug information like the above, such as selecting appropriate drugs and providing correct drug information. Accordingly, pharmacists must correct drug information, and they should analyze and evaluate such information. Therefore, we conducted a questionnaire survey for pharmacists in community pharmacies with an aim to verify relevance between methods of obtaining drug information and the utilization of the information of "SIRDD" as a subject. We sent a questionnaire by letter to 1522 pharmacists in Fukushima and Mie prefecture, and received the results of the questionnaire from them using "Google forms" that is software to make web questionnaire and letters. We obtained responses from 356 (23.4%) pharmacists out of 1522. The number of responses from the pharmacists that "know" the information of "SIRDD" was 135 (37.9%). We found that these pharmacists obtained the information by websites of pharmaceutical companies, m3, Inc. (Portal site for medical professionals), and Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency (PMDA), as the sources of information. Our results suggested that pharmacists responded that they "know" "SIRDD" utilized websites as a quick information tool. The difference in network environments will relate to the difference of providable medical quality. So, it is very important to maintain appropriate network environment in cooperation with medical institutions, professional associations and the government.


Assuntos
Conscientização , Serviços Comunitários de Farmácia , Diabetes Mellitus/induzido quimicamente , Serviços de Informação sobre Medicamentos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/efeitos adversos , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Farmácias , Farmacêuticos/psicologia , Adulto , Serviços de Informação sobre Medicamentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Yakugaku Zasshi ; 140(9): 1195-1198, 2020.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879251

RESUMO

The purpose of this study is to understand the reading habits of Japanese pharmacists regarding clinical trial literature in 2014. Questionnaires were mailed to 1997 pharmacists in Miyagi Prefecture. Six hundreds and five [342 (56.5%) hospital pharmacists and 254 (42.0%) community pharmacists] responded to questionnaires (Response rate: 30.3%). Regarding the question, "Do you habitually read clinical trial literature?", 19.5% of hospital and 8.3% community pharmacists responded "yes", respectively, which showed both pharmacists are not habitual readers of clinical trial literature. That would be because they did not study critical reading of clinical trial literature at pharmacy schools as well as their work environments to access and retrieve clinical trial literature were limited.


Assuntos
Acesso à Informação/psicologia , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Bases de Dados Bibliográficas , Farmacêuticos/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Serviços Comunitários de Farmácia , Humanos , Japão , Serviço de Farmácia Hospitalar
17.
J Infect Public Health ; 13(10): 1432-1437, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32933881

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The novel coronavirus (COVID-19) was recently declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO). The first confirmed case in Saudi Arabia was announced on March 2, 2020. Several psychiatric manifestations may appear during pandemics, especially among frontline healthcare providers. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to explore depression and anxiety levels among healthcare providers during the COVID-19 outbreak in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of a convenience sample of 502 healthcare providers in the Ministry of Health. Depression and anxiety were assessed via the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7 (GAD-7) questionnaires, respectively. RESULTS: The respondents represented various healthcare occupations: administrators (28.49%), nurses (26.29%), physicians (22.11%), non-physician specialists (13.94%), technicians (6.77%), and pharmacists (2.30%). The majority of them were male (68.1%). More than half of them had depressive disorder (55.2%), which ranged from mild (24.9%), moderate (14.5%), and moderately severe (10%) to severe (5.8%). Half of the sample had generalized anxiety disorder (51.4%), which ranged from mild (25.1%) and moderate (11%) to severe (15.3%). Multivariate analysis showed that males were significantly less predicted to have anxiety (Beta=-0.22, P-value <0.04), 30-39 years age group were significantly more predicted to have depression and anxiety group (Beta=0.204, P-value <0.001 and beta=0.521, P-value <0.003 respectively), and nurses had significantly higher mean score of anxiety (Beta=0.445, P-value <0.026). CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed that depression and anxiety are prevailing conditions among healthcare providers. Although efforts were accelerated to support their psychological well-being, more attention should be paid to the mental health of female, 30-39 age group and nursing staff. Promoting healthcare service as a humanitarian and national duty may contribute to making it a more meaningful experience in addition to advocating for solidarity, altruism, and social inclusion. Longitudinal research studies need to be conducted to follow up on healthcare providers' mental health symptoms and develop evidence-based interventions.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Saúde Mental , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pessoal Administrativo/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Ansiedade/psicologia , Betacoronavirus , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/psicologia , Emoções , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Farmacêuticos/psicologia , Médicos/psicologia , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(35): e21919, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871926

RESUMO

Pharmacists with long experience and low personal satisfaction from work are at higher risk of burnout, but the role of specific personality traits is less well understood. In addition, the medical system in China is different from that of other countries, and the characteristics of pharmacist burnout might be different from that of other countries. This study evaluated the roles played by personality, working environment, and work characteristics on burnout and job satisfaction among Chinese hospital pharmacists.This was a cross-sectional study undertaken between April 28 and 30, 2017. The questionnaires were completed at the "National Academic Conference of the Chinese Society of Clinical Pharmacy". Questionnaires were handed out to 1786 pharmacists, and 1394 valid questionnaires were analyzed using structural equation modeling techniques.The final structural model showed that, as expected, personality and working environment factors directly or indirectly predicted burnout dimensions (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduction of personal accomplishment) and job satisfaction variables. The analyses were consistent with the features of pharmacists' work characteristics, including job demands, job control, and workload playing mediating roles between antecedent variables (personality and working environment) and emotional outcomes (burnout and job satisfaction). On the other hand, job control and workload did not predict emotional exhaustion.This study indicates that personality is a negative predictor of 2 dimensions of burnout (emotional exhaustion and depersonalization), while the working environment, especially job demand, is a predictor of burnout and greater emotional exhaustion. Work characteristics are positively related to job satisfaction and play a protective role against burnout.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Satisfação no Emprego , Farmacêuticos/psicologia , Serviço de Farmácia Hospitalar , Adulto , China , Estudos Transversais , Despersonalização , Ajustamento Emocional , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Personalidade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Local de Trabalho , Adulto Jovem
19.
Pharm. pract. (Granada, Internet) ; 18(3): 0-0, jul.-sept. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-194190

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Discrimination towards pharmacists, as a public-facing health professional group, is reported but not well-studied. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to identify accounts of discrimination in pharmacy practice and to explore the nature and impacts of and discrimination experienced by pharmacists. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was emailed to practice-based preceptors associated with the School of Pharmacy at the University of Otago. The survey included demographic questions, in addition to questions asking about the frequency and sources of different types of discrimination and abuse encountered in practice. Survey respondents could also provide their contact information for follow-up interviews. Interviews occurred after completion of the survey to better understand the nature of discrimination in pharmacy practice. A thematic analysis of interview transcripts was conducted to identify pertinent themes. RESULTS: A total of 43 participants completed the survey. A total of 29 (67.4%) respondents reported experiencing discrimination in pharmacy practice. The most common types of discrimination experienced included discrimination based on gender, appearance, or past, present, or expected pregnancy. Verbal abuse and sexual harassment were also frequently reported. Most discrimination was sourced from patients, colleagues, or supervisors/leaders. Discrimination specific to pregnancy was largely sourced from supervisors/leaders. Verbal abuse was sources primarily from patients, patient's family, supervisors/leaders, and other healthcare professionals. Patients were the primary source of sexual harassment. Three themes were identified from the interview phase: Discrimination occurs for a variety of reasons from different sources with different behaviors, the impact on a person is individualized/personal, and preventative strategies can be broad and encompass multiple layers of society. CONCLUSIONS: Findings of this study support the notion that training programs must adjust to adequately train pharmacists with effective coping strategies, prevention mechanisms, and resilience building strategies. Pharmacist employers should also be accountable to creating zero tolerance workplaces and providing route maps for how pharmacists report and navigate situations when faced with discrimination. Doing so may result in a better equipped workforce that is able to navigate the pressures encountered through discrimination in practice


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Discriminação Social , Prática Profissional , Farmacêuticos/psicologia , Assédio Sexual , Emprego , Resiliência Psicológica , Inquéritos e Questionários , Pesquisa Qualitativa
20.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237338, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32797093

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The study was aimed to explore patient safety culture of community pharmacists working in Dessie and Gondar towns, Northern Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from 1st to 31st March 2018. In this cross-sectional survey, the Pharmacy Survey on Patient Safety Culture (PSOPSC), developed by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), was used to collect data. PSOPSC is a self-administered questionnaire. The questionnaire was distributed among staffs who work in community pharmacies of Dessie and Gondar towns. All staffs available on data collection period in the pharmacy were included. The Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) software version 25 was used to enter and analyze the data. RESULTS: A total of 120 participants were approached and completed the questionnaire. Results from the study showed that high positive response rate was demonstrated in the domains of "Teamwork" (90.2%) followed by physical space and environment (83.1%). On the other hand, the result also identified that there is an enormous problem related to mistake communication (44.8%) and work pressure (45%). In addition, significant difference of percent positive responses were obtained across towns and staff working hours. CONCLUSIONS: The patient safety culture of community pharmacists is appreciable especially with respect to their teamwork. Besides, urgent attention should be given to areas of weakness, mainly in the domain of "mistake communication" and "staffing and work pressure".


Assuntos
Serviços Comunitários de Farmácia/organização & administração , Segurança do Paciente , Farmacêuticos/organização & administração , Gestão da Segurança/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Serviços Comunitários de Farmácia/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Etiópia , Feminino , Humanos , Relações Interprofissionais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Admissão e Escalonamento de Pessoal/organização & administração , Admissão e Escalonamento de Pessoal/estatística & dados numéricos , Farmacêuticos/psicologia , Farmacêuticos/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários/estatística & dados numéricos , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Carga de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
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