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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(15)2021 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360981

RESUMO

Granulosa-lutein cells (GLCs) from PCOS women display reduced HIF-1α and EDN2 levels, suggesting their role in PCOS etiology. Here, we investigated the mechanisms involved in aberrant EDN2 expression in PCOS, and its association with HIF-1α. Various HIF-1α-dependent factors were studied in GLCs from PCOS and compared to normally ovulating women. MicroRNA-210 (miR-210), its target genes (SDHD and GPD1L), and HIF-1α-responsive genes (EDN2 and VEGFA) differed in GLCs from PCOS, compared with those of healthy women. Levels of miR-210-designated hypoxiamiR-and EDN2 were reduced in the PCOS GLCs; concomitantly, GPD1L and SDHD levels were elevated. Cultured GLCs retained low EDN2 expression and had low HIF-1α levels, providing evidence for a disrupted hypoxic response in the PCOS GLCs. However, VEGFA expression was elevated in these cells. Next, miR-210 levels were manipulated. miR-210-mimic stimulated EDN2 twice as much as the miR-NC-transfected cells, whereas miR-210-inhibitor diminished EDN2, emphasizing the importance of hypoxiamiR for EDN2 induction. Intriguingly, VEGFA transcripts were reduced by both miR-210-mimic and -inhibitor, demonstrating that EDN2 and VEGFA are distinctly regulated. Disrupted hypoxic response in the GLCs of periovulatory follicles in PCOS women may play a role in ovulation failure, and in the reduced fertility prevalent in this syndrome.


Assuntos
Endotelina-2/metabolismo , Células da Granulosa/metabolismo , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , Células Lúteas/metabolismo , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Adulto , Células Cultivadas , Endotelina-2/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
3.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 134(17): 2091-2101, 2021 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34334630

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) actin filament-associated protein 1 antisense RNA 1 (AFAP1-AS1) functions as a competing endogenous RNA to regulate target genes expression by sponging microRNAs (miRs) to play cancer-promoting roles in cancer stem cells. However, the regulatory mechanism of AFAP1-AS1 in cervical cancer (CC) stem cells is unknown. The present study aimed to provide a new therapeutic target for the clinical treatment of CC. METHODS: Hyaluronic acid receptor cluster of differentiation 44 variant exon 6 (CD44v6)(+) CC cells were isolated by flow cytometry (FCM). Small interfering RNAs of AFAP1-AS1 (siAFAP1-AS1) were transfected into the (CD44v6)(+) cells. The levels of AFAP1-AS1 were measured by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). Sphere formation assay, cell cycle analysis, and Western blotting were used to detect the effect of siAFAP1-AS1. RNA pull-down and luciferase reporter assay were used to verify the relationship between miR-27b-3p and AFAP1-AS1 or vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-C. RESULTS: CD44v6(+) CC cells had remarkable stemness and a high level of AFAP1-AS1. However, AFAP1-AS1 knockdown with siAFAP1-AS1 suppressed the cell cycle transition of G(1)/S phase and inhibited self-renewal of CD44v6(+) CC cells, the levels of the stemness markers octamer-binding transcription factor 4 (OCT4), osteopontin (OPN), and cluster of differentiation 133 (CD133), and the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-related proteins Twist1, matrix metalloprotease (MMP)-9, and VEGF-C. In the mechanism study, miR-27b-3p/VEGF-C signaling was demonstrated to be a key downstream of AFAP1-AS1 in the CD44v6(+) CC cells. CONCLUSIONS: LncRNA AFAP1-AS1 knockdown inhibits the CC cell stemness by upregulating miR-27b-3p to suppress VEGF-C.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , RNA Longo não Codificante , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Fator C de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular
4.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(12)2021 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34204341

RESUMO

Regular physical activity in cyclic sports can influence the so-called "angiogenic switch", which is considered as an imbalance between proangiogenic and anti-angiogenic molecules. Disruption of the synthesis of angiogenic molecules can be caused by local changes in tissues under the influence of excessive physical exertion and its consequences, such as chronic oxidative stress and associated hypoxia, metabolic acidosis, sports injuries, etc. A review of publications on signaling pathways that activate and inhibit angiogenesis in skeletal muscles, myocardium, lung, and nervous tissue under the influence of intense physical activity in cyclic sports. Materials: We searched PubMed, SCOPUS, Web of Science, Google Scholar, Clinical keys, and e-LIBRARY databases for full-text articles published from 2000 to 2020, using keywords and their combinations. Results: An important aspect of adaptation to training loads in cyclic sports is an increase in the number of capillaries in muscle fibers, which improves the metabolism of skeletal muscles and myocardium, as well as nervous and lung tissue. Recent studies have shown that myocardial endothelial cells not only respond to hemodynamic forces and paracrine signals from neighboring cells, but also take an active part in heart remodeling processes, stimulating the growth and contractility of cardiomyocytes or the production of extracellular matrix proteins in myofibroblasts. As myocardial vascularization plays a central role in the transition from adaptive heart hypertrophy to heart failure, further study of the signaling mechanisms involved in the regulation of angiogenesis in the myocardium is important in sports practice. The study of the "angiogenic switch" problem in the cerebrovascular and cardiovascular systems allows us to claim that the formation of new vessels is mediated by a complex interaction of all growth factors. Although the lungs are one of the limiting systems of the body in cyclic sports, their response to high-intensity loads and other environmental stresses is often overlooked. Airway epithelial cells are the predominant source of several growth factors throughout lung organogenesis and appear to be critical for normal alveolarization, rapid alveolar proliferation, and normal vascular development. There are many controversial questions about the role of growth factors in the physiology and pathology of the lungs. The presented review has demonstrated that when doing sports, it is necessary to give a careful consideration to the possible positive and negative effects of growth factors on muscles, myocardium, lung tissue, and brain. Primarily, the "angiogenic switch" is important in aerobic sports (long distance running). Conclusions: Angiogenesis is a physiological process of the formation of new blood capillaries, which play an important role in the functioning of skeletal muscles, myocardium, lung, and nervous tissue in athletes. Violation of the "angiogenic switch" as a balance between proangiogenic and anti-angiogenic molecules can lead to a decrease in the functional resources of the nervous, musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, and respiratory systems in athletes and, as a consequence, to a decrease in sports performance.


Assuntos
Atletas , Neovascularização Fisiológica , Esportes/fisiologia , Biomarcadores , Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Exercício Físico , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Modelos Biológicos , Especificidade de Órgãos/genética , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
5.
Analyst ; 146(17): 5255-5263, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34324622

RESUMO

In this article, we present a novel nitrocellulose-based microfluidic chip with 3-dimensional (3D) printing technology to study the effect of oxygen gradient on cells. Compared with conventional polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) chips of oxygen gradient for cell cultures that can only rely on fluorescence microscope analysis, this hybrid nitrocellulose-based microfluidic platform can provide a variety of analysis methods for cells, including flow cytometry, western blot and RT-PCR, because the nitrocellulose-based chips with cells can be taken out from the growth chambers of 3D printed microfluidic chip and then used for cell collection or lysis. These advantages allow researchers to acquire more information and data on the basic biochemical and physiological processes of cell life. The effect of oxygen gradient on the zebrafish cells (ZF4) was used as a model to show the performance and application of our platform. Hypoxia caused the increase of intercellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and accumulation of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α). Hypoxia stimulated the transcription of hypoxia-responsive genes vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and induced cell cycle arrest of ZF4 cells. The established platform is able to obtain more information from cells in response to different oxygen concentration, which has potential for analyzing the cells under a variety of pathological conditions.


Assuntos
Microfluídica , Oxigênio , Animais , Hipóxia Celular , Colódio , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/genética , Impressão Tridimensional , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
6.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(7): 708, 2021 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34267179

RESUMO

The dysregulated microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in diabetic retinopathy progression. Epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) and cell permeability are important events in diabetic retinopathy. However, the function and mechanism of miR-195 in EMT and cell permeability in diabetic retinopathy remain largely unclear. Diabetic retinopathy models were established using streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic mice and high glucose (HG)-stimulated ARPE-19 cells. Retina injury was investigated by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. EMT and cell permeability were analyzed by western blotting, immunofluorescence, wound healing, and FITC-dextran assays. MiR-195 expression was detected via qRT-PCR. YY1, VEGFA, Snail1, and Smurf2 levels were detected via western blotting. The interaction relationship was analyzed via ChIP, Co-IP, or dual-luciferase reporter assay. The retina injury, EMT, and cell permeability were induced in STZ-induced diabetic mice. HG induced EMT and cell permeability in ARPE-19 cells. MiR-195, YY1, VEGFA, and Snail1 levels were enhanced, but Smurf2 abundance was reduced in STZ-induced diabetic mice and HG-stimulated ARPE-19 cells. VEGFA knockdown decreased Snail1 expression and attenuated HG-induced EMT and cell permeability. YY1 silence reduced VEGFA and Snail1 expression, and mitigated HG-induced EMT and cell permeability. YY1 could bind with VEGFA and Snail1, and it was degraded via Smurf2-mediated ubiquitination. MiR-195 knockdown upregulated Smurf2 to decrease YY1 expression and inhibited HG-induced EMT and cell permeability. MiR-195 targeted Smurf2, increased expression of YY1, VEGFA, and Snail1, and promoted HG-induced EMT and cell permeability. MiR-195 promotes EMT and cell permeability of HG-stimulated ARPE-19 cells by increasing VEGFA/Snail1 via inhibiting the Smurf2-mediated ubiquitination of YY1.


Assuntos
Retinopatia Diabética/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Epitélio Pigmentado da Retina/metabolismo , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição YY1/metabolismo , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Retinopatia Diabética/genética , Retinopatia Diabética/patologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Células Epiteliais/patologia , Glucose/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , MicroRNAs/genética , Permeabilidade , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/metabolismo , Proteólise , Epitélio Pigmentado da Retina/patologia , Transdução de Sinais , Fatores de Transcrição da Família Snail/metabolismo , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/genética , Ubiquitinação , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição YY1/genética
7.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(14)2021 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34299135

RESUMO

Adiponectin and leptin are two abundant adipokines with different properties but both described such as potent factors regulating angiogenesis. AdipoRon is a small-molecule that, binding to AdipoRs receptors, acts as an adiponectin agonist. Here, we investigated the effects of AdipoRon and leptin on viability, migration and tube formation on a human in vitro model, the human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) focusing on the expression of the main endothelial angiogenic factors: hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha (HIF-1α), C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 1 (CXCL1), vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A), matrix metallopeptidase 2 (MMP-2) and matrix metallopeptidase 9 (MMP-9). Treatments with VEGF-A were used as positive control. Our data revealed that, at 24 h treatment, proliferation of HUVEC endothelial cells was not influenced by AdipoRon or leptin administration; after 48 h longer exposure time, the viability was negatively influenced by AdipoRon while leptin treatment and the combination of AdipoRon+leptin produced no effects. In addition, AdipoRon induced a significant increase in complete tubular structures together with induction of cell migration while, on the contrary, leptin did not induce tube formation and inhibited cell migration; interestingly, the co-treatment with both AdipoRon and leptin determined a significant decrease of the tubular structures and cell migration indicating that leptin antagonizes AdipoRon effects. Finally, we found that the effects induced by AdipoRon administration are accompanied by an increase in the expression of CXCL1, VEGF-A, MMP-2 and MMP-9. In conclusion, our data sustain the active role of adiponectin and leptin in linking adipose tissue with the vascular endothelium encouraging the further deepening of the role of adipokines in new vessel's formation, to candidate them as therapeutic targets.


Assuntos
Adiponectina/farmacologia , Movimento Celular , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/fisiologia , Leptina/farmacologia , Neovascularização Fisiológica/fisiologia , Células Cultivadas , Quimiocina CXCL1/genética , Quimiocina CXCL1/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/citologia , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Neovascularização Fisiológica/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
8.
Tumour Biol ; 43(1): 129-140, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34219681

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Single nucleotide variants (SNVs) in vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) and VEGFA receptor (KDR) genes confer different inherited abilities in angiogenesis (AG) pathway. We aimed in the present study to evaluate influence of six VEGFA and four KDR SNVs in clinical features and survival of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients. METHODS: One hundred and sixty-eight DLBCL patients diagnosed between June 2009-September 2014 were enrolled in the study. Patients were homogeneously treated with R-CHOP. Genotypes were identified in genomic DNA by real-time polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: Patients with VEGFA -634CC and +936CT or TT genotypes were at increased risk of showing grade III / IV toxicities and not achieving complete remission with treatment, and shorter event-free and overall survival were seen in patients with VEGFA -1154GA or AA genotype and VEGFA ATAGCC haplotype. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that inherited abnormalities in AG's gene modulate clinical features and prognosis of DLBCL patients homogeneously treated with R-CHOP.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Neovascularização Patológica/patologia , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neovascularização Patológica/tratamento farmacológico , Neovascularização Patológica/genética , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Taxa de Sobrevida , Vincristina/administração & dosagem
9.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(11)2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34206143

RESUMO

Primary liver cancer accounts for the third most deadly type of malignant tumor globally, and approximately 80% of the cases are hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), which highly relies on the activity of hypoxia responsive pathways to bolster its metastatic behaviors. MicroRNA-29a (MIR29A) has been shown to exert a hepatoprotective effect on hepatocellular damage and liver fibrosis induced by cholestasis and diet stress, while its clinical and biological role on the activity hypoxia responsive genes including LOX, LOXL2, and VEGFA remains unclear. TCGA datasets were retrieved to confirm the differential expression and prognostic significance of all genes in the HCC and normal tissue. The Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) dataset was used to corroborate the differential expression and diagnostic value of MIR29A. The bioinformatic identification were conducted to examine the interaction of MIR29A with LOX, LOXL2, and VEGFA. The suppressive activity of MIR29A on LOX, LOXL2, and VEGF was verified by qPCR, immunoblotting, and luciferase. The effect of overexpression of MIR29A-3p mimics in vitro on apoptosis markers (caspase-9, -3, and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP)); cell viability and wound healing performance were examined using immunoblot and a WST-1 assay and a wound healing assay, respectively. The HCC tissue presented low expression of MIR29A, yet high expression of LOX, LOXL2, and VEGFA as compared to normal control. Serum MIR29A of HCC patients showed decreased levels as compared to that of normal control, with an area under curve (AUC) of 0.751 of a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Low expression of MIR29A and high expression of LOX, LOXL2, and VEGFA indicated poor overall survival (OS). MIR29A-3p was shown to target the 3'UTR of LOX, LOXL2, and VEGFA. Overexpression of MIR29A-3p mimic in HepG2 cells led to downregulated gene and protein expression levels of LOX, LOXL2, and VEGFA, wherein luciferase reporter assay confirmed that MIR29A-3p exerts the inhibitory activity via directly binding to the 3'UTR of LOX and VEGFA. Furthermore, overexpression of MIR29A-3p mimic induced the activity of caspase-9 and -3 and PARP, while it inhibited the cell viability and wound healing performance. Collectively, this study provides novel insight into a clinical-applicable panel consisting of MIR29, LOX, LOXL2, and VEGFA and demonstrates an anti-HCC effect of MIR29A via comprehensively suppressing the expression of LOX, LOXL2, and VEGFA, paving the way to a prospective theragnostic approach for HCC.


Assuntos
Aminoácido Oxirredutases/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteína-Lisina 6-Oxidase/genética , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Prognóstico , Transdução de Sinais/genética
10.
Redox Biol ; 45: 102051, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34217063

RESUMO

Aberrant placental angiogenesis is associated with fetal intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), but the mechanism underlying abnormal placental angiogenesis remains largely unknown. Here, lower vessel density and higher expression of NADPH oxidases 2 (Nox2) were observed in the placentae for low birth weight (LBW) fetuses versus normal birth weight (NBW) fetuses, with a negative correlation between Nox2 and placental vessel density. Moreover, it was revealed for the first time that Nox2 deficiency facilitates angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo, and vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) has an essential role in Nox2-controlled inhibition of angiogenesis in porcine vascular endothelial cells (PVECs). Mechanistically, Nox2 inhibited phospho-signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (p-STAT3) in the nucleus by inducing the production of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS). Dual-luciferase assay confirmed that knockdown of Nox2 reduces the expression of VEGF-A in an STAT3 dependent manner. Our results indicate that Nox2 is a potential target for therapy by increasing VEGF-A expression to promote angiogenesis and serves as a prognostic indicator for fetus with IUGR.


Assuntos
NADPH Oxidase 2/metabolismo , Neovascularização Fisiológica , Placenta , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular , Animais , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Feminino , Placenta/metabolismo , Gravidez , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/genética , Suínos , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética
11.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 12(1): 382, 2021 07 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34233721

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tissue-engineered bone grafts (TEBGs) that undergo vascularization and neurotization evolve into functioning bone tissue. Previously, we verified that implanting sensory nerve tracts into TEBGs promoted osteogenesis. However, the precise mechanisms and interaction between seed cells were not explored. In this study, we hypothesized that neurotization may influence the osteogenesis of TEBGs through vascularization. METHODS: We cultured rat Schwann cells (SCs), aortic endothelial cells (AECs), and bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) and then obtained BM-MSC-derived induced endothelial cells (IECs) and induced osteoblasts (IOBs). IECs and AECs were cultured in an SC-conditioned medium (SC-CM) to assess proliferation, migration, capillary-like tube formation, and angiogenesis, and the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels in the supernatants were detected. We established an indirect coculture model to detect the expression of nestin and VEGF receptors in IECs and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-2 in SCs. Then, SCs, IECs, and IOBs were labeled and loaded into a ß-tricalcium phosphate scaffold to induce prevascularization, and the scaffold was implanted into a 6-mm-long defect of rat femurs. Three groups were set up according to the loaded cells: I, SCs, and IECs (coculture for 3 days) plus IOBs; II, IECs (culture for 3 days) plus IOBs; III, IOBs. Nestin and TIMP-2 expression and osteogenesis of TEBGs were evaluated at 12 weeks post-implantation through histological and radiological assessments. RESULTS: We found that SC-CM promoted IEC proliferation, migration, capillary-like tube formation, and angiogenesis, but no similar effects were observed for AECs. IECs expressed nestin extensively, while AECs barely expressed nestin, and SC-CM promoted the VEGF secretion of IECs. In the coculture model, SCs promoted nestin and VEGF receptor expression in IECs, and IECs inhibited TIMP-2 expression in SCs. The promotion of prevascularized TEBGs by SCs and IECs in group I augmented new bone formation at 6 and 12 weeks. Nestin expression was higher in group I than in the other groups, while TIMP-2 expression was lower at 12 weeks. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that SCs can promote TEBG osteogenesis via IECs and further revealed the related specific characteristics of IECs, providing preliminary cytological evidence for neurotization of TEBGs.


Assuntos
Células Endoteliais , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Osteogênese , Células de Schwann , Engenharia Tecidual , Animais , Células da Medula Óssea , Osso e Ossos , Neovascularização Fisiológica , Nestina , Ratos , Inibidor Tecidual de Metaloproteinase-2 , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética
12.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(10)2021 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34068392

RESUMO

Myocardial infarction (MI) remains the leading cause of death in the western world. Despite advancements in interventional revascularization technologies, many patients are not candidates for them due to comorbidities or lack of local resources. Non-invasive approaches to accelerate revascularization within ischemic tissues through angiogenesis by providing Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) in protein or gene form has been effective in animal models but not in humans likely due to its short half-life and systemic toxicity. Here, we tested the hypothesis that PR1P, a small VEGF binding peptide that we developed, which stabilizes and upregulates endogenous VEGF, could be used to improve outcome from MI in rodents. To test this hypothesis, we induced MI in mice and rats via left coronary artery ligation and then treated animals with every other day intraperitoneal PR1P or scrambled peptide for 14 days. Hemodynamic monitoring and echocardiography in mice and echocardiography in rats at 14 days showed PR1P significantly improved multiple functional markers of heart function, including stroke volume and cardiac output. Furthermore, molecular biology and histological analyses of tissue samples showed that systemic PR1P targeted, stabilized and upregulated endogenous VEGF within ischemic myocardium. We conclude that PR1P is a potential non-invasive candidate therapeutic for MI.


Assuntos
Antígeno AC133/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Isquemia/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio/prevenção & controle , Neovascularização Fisiológica/efeitos dos fármacos , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/farmacologia , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Animais , Feminino , Isquemia/metabolismo , Isquemia/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Função Ventricular Esquerda/efeitos dos fármacos
13.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(9)2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34062733

RESUMO

Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is an ocular vascular disease affecting premature infants, characterized by pathological retinal neovascularization (RNV), dilated and tortuous retinal blood vessels, and retinal or vitreous hemorrhages that may lead to retinal detachment, vision impairment and blindness. Compared with other neovascular diseases, ROP is unique because of ongoing and concurrent physiological and pathological angiogenesis in the developing retina. While the disease is currently treated by laser or cryotherapy, anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) agents have been extensively investigated but are not approved in the U.S. because of safety concerns that they negatively interfere with physiological angiogenesis of the developing retina. An ideal therapeutic strategy would selectively inhibit pathological but not physiological angiogenesis. Our group recently described a novel strategy that selectively and safely alleviates pathological RNV in animal models of ROP by targeting secretogranin III (Scg3), a disease-restricted angiogenic factor. The preclinical profile of anti-Scg3 therapy presents a high potential for next-generation disease-targeted anti-angiogenic therapy for the ROP indication. This review focuses on retinal vessel development in neonates, the pathogenesis of ROP and its underlying molecular mechanisms, including different animal models, and provides a summary of current and emerging therapies.


Assuntos
Cromograninas/genética , Neovascularização Patológica/tratamento farmacológico , Oxigênio/uso terapêutico , Retinopatia da Prematuridade/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Cromograninas/antagonistas & inibidores , Humanos , Camundongos , Neovascularização Patológica/genética , Neovascularização Patológica/patologia , Neovascularização Fisiológica/efeitos dos fármacos , Neovascularização Fisiológica/genética , Retina/efeitos dos fármacos , Retina/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Retina/patologia , Retinopatia da Prematuridade/genética , Retinopatia da Prematuridade/patologia , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética
14.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(9)2021 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34064508

RESUMO

During tumor growth, angiogenesis is required to ensure oxygen and nutrient transport to the tumor. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is the major inducer of angiogenesis and appears to be a key modulator of the anti-tumor immune response. Indeed, VEGF modulates innate and adaptive immune responses through direct interactions and indirectly by modulating protein expressions on endothelial cells or vascular permeability. The inhibition of the VEGF signaling pathway is clinically approved for the treatment of several cancers. Therapies targeting VEGF can modulate the tumor vasculature and the immune response. In this review, we discuss the roles of VEGF in the anti-tumor immune response. In addition, we summarize therapeutic strategies based on its inhibition, and their clinical approval.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Angiogênese/uso terapêutico , Fatores Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neovascularização Patológica/prevenção & controle , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Receptor 1 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/antagonistas & inibidores , Imunidade Adaptativa/efeitos dos fármacos , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Bevacizumab/uso terapêutico , Permeabilidade Capilar/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais/imunologia , Células Endoteliais/patologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imunidade Inata/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias/imunologia , Neoplasias/patologia , Neovascularização Patológica/genética , Neovascularização Patológica/imunologia , Neovascularização Patológica/patologia , Receptores de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/uso terapêutico , Transdução de Sinais , Sorafenibe/uso terapêutico , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/antagonistas & inibidores , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/imunologia , Receptor 1 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Receptor 1 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/imunologia
15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(9)2021 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34063570

RESUMO

Understanding the global metabolic changes during the senescence of tumor cells can have implications for developing effective anti-cancer treatment strategies. Ionizing radiation (IR) was used to induce senescence in a human colon cancer cell line HCT-116 to examine secretome and metabolome profiles. Control proliferating and senescent cancer cells (SCC) exhibited distinct morphological differences and expression of senescent markers. Enhanced secretion of pro-inflammatory chemokines and IL-1, anti-inflammatory IL-27, and TGF-ß1 was observed in SCC. Significantly reduced levels of VEGF-A indicated anti-angiogenic activities of SCC. Elevated levels of tissue inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinases from SCC support the maintenance of the extracellular matrix. Adenylate and guanylate energy charge levels and redox components NAD and NADP and glutathione were maintained at near optimal levels indicating the viability of SCC. Significant accumulation of pyruvate, lactate, and suppression of the TCA cycle in SCC indicated aerobic glycolysis as the predominant energy source for SCC. Levels of several key amino acids decreased significantly, suggesting augmented utilization for protein synthesis and for use as intermediates for energy metabolism in SCC. These observations may provide a better understanding of cellular senescence basic mechanisms in tumor tissues and provide opportunities to improve cancer treatment.


Assuntos
Senescência Celular/genética , Neoplasias do Colo/genética , Redes e Vias Metabólicas/genética , Metaboloma/genética , Senescência Celular/efeitos da radiação , Neoplasias do Colo/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Células HCT116 , Humanos , Interleucina-1/genética , Interleucina-27/genética , Redes e Vias Metabólicas/efeitos da radiação , Metaboloma/efeitos da radiação , Radiação Ionizante , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/genética , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética
16.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(11)2021 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34070944

RESUMO

Embryogenesis is a complex multi-stage process regulated by various signaling molecules including pineal and extrapineal melatonin (MT). Extrapineal MT is found in the placenta and ovaries, where it carries out local hormonal regulation. MT is necessary for normal development of oocytes, fertilization and subsequent development of human, animal and avian embryos. This review discusses the role of MT as a regulator of preimplantation development of the embryo and its implantation into endometrial tissue, followed by histo-, morpho- and organogenesis. MT possesses pronounced antioxidant properties and helps to protect the embryo from oxidative stress by regulating the expression of the NFE2L2, SOD1, and GPX1 genes. MT activates the expression of the ErbB1, ErbB4, GJA1, POU5F1, and Nanog genes which are necessary for embryo implantation and blastocyst growth. MT induces the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its type 1 receptor (VEGF-R1) in the ovaries, activating angiogenesis. Given the increased difficulties in successful fertilization and embryogenesis with age, it is of note that MT slows down ovarian aging by increasing the transcription of sirtuins. MT administration to patients suffering from infertility demonstrates an increase in the effectiveness of in vitro fertilization. Thus, MT may be viewed as a key factor in embryogenesis regulation, including having utility in the management of infertility.


Assuntos
Implantação do Embrião/efeitos dos fármacos , Desenvolvimento Embrionário/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento/efeitos dos fármacos , Melatonina/uso terapêutico , Ovário/metabolismo , Placenta/metabolismo , Animais , Embrião de Mamíferos , Desenvolvimento Embrionário/genética , Feminino , Glutationa Peroxidase/genética , Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo , Humanos , Infertilidade Feminina/genética , Infertilidade Feminina/metabolismo , Infertilidade Feminina/patologia , Infertilidade Feminina/prevenção & controle , Melatonina/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Ovário/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Glândula Pineal/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Glândula Pineal/metabolismo , Gravidez , Receptor ErbB-4/genética , Receptor ErbB-4/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase-1/genética , Superóxido Dismutase-1/metabolismo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(11)2021 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34072943

RESUMO

Coronary artery disease remains one of the primary healthcare problems due to the high cost of treatment, increased number of patients, poor clinical outcomes, and lack of effective therapy. Though pharmacological and surgical treatments positively affect symptoms and arrest the disease progression, they generally exhibit a limited effect on the disease outcome. The development of alternative therapeutic approaches towards ischemic disease treatment, especially of decompensated forms, is therefore relevant. Therapeutic angiogenesis, stimulated by various cytokines, chemokines, and growth factors, provides the possibility of restoring functional blood flow in ischemic tissues, thereby ensuring the regeneration of the damaged area. In the current study, based on the clinically approved plasmid vector pVax1, multigenic constructs were developed encoding vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), fibroblast growth factors (FGF2), and the DsRed fluorescent protein, integrated via picornaviruses' furin-2A peptide sequences. In vitro experiments demonstrated that genetically modified cells with engineered plasmid constructs expressed the target proteins. Overexpression of VEGF and FGF2 resulted in increased levels of the recombinant proteins. Concomitantly, these did not lead to a significant shift in the general secretory profile of modified HEK293T cells. Simultaneously, the secretome of genetically modified cells showed significant stimulating effects on the formation of capillary-like structures by HUVEC (endothelial cells) in vitro. Our results revealed that when the multicistronic multigene vectors encoding 2A peptide sequences are created, transient transgene co-expression is ensured. The results obtained indicated the mutual synergistic effects of the growth factors VEGF and FGF2 on the proliferation of endothelial cells in vitro. Thus, recombinant multicistronic multigenic constructs might serve as a promising approach for establishing safe and effective systems to treat ischemic diseases.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/genética , Fator 2 de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/genética , Neovascularização Patológica/genética , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Indutores da Angiogênese/farmacologia , Proliferação de Células/genética , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais/patologia , Fator 2 de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/farmacologia , Furina/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/genética , Genes/genética , Vetores Genéticos , Células HEK293 , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Neovascularização Patológica/terapia , Neovascularização Fisiológica/genética , Peptídeos/genética , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Plasmídeos/genética , Plasmídeos/farmacologia , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/farmacologia
18.
Toxicol Appl Pharmacol ; 426: 115634, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34174261

RESUMO

While Bisphenol A (BPA) has been a requisite plastic additive, as an endocrine disruptor it has been associated with adverse health effects including ovarian disorders. Following implemented restrictions on BPA usage, it is replaced by alternative bisphenols, biological effects of which have not been adequately investigated. Our study examined effects of bisphenols AF (BPAF) and S (BPS), on the human ovarian granulosa cell line COV434, and compared them with BPA, with the focus on cell viability (10-9-10-4 M) and angiogenesis-related factors (10-9-10-5 M), relevant for both the follicle development and ovarian pathologies: vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A), platelet-derived growth factor AA (PDGF-AA), and matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9). Each bisphenol impaired cell viability and increased generation of intracellular reactive oxygen species at the highest concentration (10-4 M). While VEGF-A production in BPAF-treated groups did not differ from the control, all doses of BPS and BPA caused a marked reduction in VEGF-A output. Nevertheless, the alterations in VEGF-A production were not caused by the impact on VEGFA gene expression since there were no indications of VEGFA downregulation in the presence of either BPS or BPA. Interestingly, we observed a similar pattern of PDGF-AA output reduction in BPS- and BPA-treated groups to that of VEGF-A production. BPAF and BPS (10-5 M) increased MMP9 expression, however, this effect was not reflected by the increase in MMP-9 production. The results obtained demonstrate that the novel bisphenol analogs are not inert with respect to the ovarian cells, and their effects might contribute to dysregulation of granulosa cells functions.


Assuntos
Compostos Benzidrílicos/toxicidade , Disruptores Endócrinos/toxicidade , Células da Granulosa/efeitos dos fármacos , Fenóis/toxicidade , Sulfonas/toxicidade , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Células da Granulosa/metabolismo , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Neovascularização Fisiológica , Fator de Crescimento Derivado de Plaquetas/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/genética , Superóxido Dismutase-1/genética , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
19.
Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis ; 32(5): 317-322, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34102652

RESUMO

Congenital factor XIII (FXIII) deficiency is one of the rarest bleeding disorders, with an incidence of one per 2 million persons. Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH), a major cause of mortality in FXIII deficiency, is reported to be associated with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1). Therefore, we investigated the association of VEGF and TSP-1 expression and methylation patterns with ICH in congenital FXIII deficiency patients. This study was conducted on 40 participants with FXIII, 20 of whom experienced ICH (cases), and 20 who did not (controls). Methylation pattern, gene expression, and plasma protein level were assessed using bisulfite sequencing PCR, quantitative real-time PCR, and ELISA. We found a partially methylated pattern for both VEGF and TSP-1 (P > 0.05). VEGF mRNA levels of the case group were significantly higher than those of the control group (P < 0.05), whereas TSP-1 mRNA levels did not show significant upregulation (P > 0.05). Plasma VEGF and TSP-1 concentrations in the case group were higher, but not statistically significant (P > 0.05). Our findings showed no obvious correlation between VEGF or TSP-1 methylation patterns and expression, suggesting that their expression in FXIII deficiency may not solely be controlled by gene methylation.


Assuntos
Deficiência do Fator XIII/genética , Hemorragias Intracranianas/genética , Trombospondina 1/genética , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Adulto , Metilação de DNA , Deficiência do Fator XIII/complicações , Deficiência do Fator XIII/congênito , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Hemorragias Intracranianas/complicações , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
20.
Biomater Sci ; 9(14): 4984-4999, 2021 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34086016

RESUMO

Increasingly, tissue engineering strategies such as the use of biomaterial scaffolds augmented with specific biological cues are being investigated to accelerate the regenerative process. For example, significant clinical challenges still exist in efficiently healing large bone defects which are above a critical size. Herein, we describe a cell-free, biocompatible and bioresorbable scaffold incorporating a novel star-polypeptide biomaterial as a gene vector. This gene-loaded scaffold can accelerate bone tissue repair in vivo in comparison to a scaffold alone at just four weeks post implantation in a critical sized bone defect. This is achieved via the in situ transfection of autologous host cells which migrate into the implanted collagen-based scaffold via gene-loaded, star-shaped poly(l-lysine) polypeptides (star-PLLs). In vitro, we demonstrate that star-PLL nanomaterials designed with 64 short poly(l-lysine) arms can be used to functionalise a range of collagen based scaffolds with a dual therapeutic cargo (pDual) of the bone-morphogenetic protein-2 plasmid (pBMP-2) and vascular endothelial growth factor plasmid (pVEGF). The versatility of this polymeric vector is highlighted in its ability to transfect Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) with both osteogenic and angiogenic transgenes in a 3D environment from a range of scaffolds with various macromolecular compositions. In vivo, we demonstrate that a bone-mimetic, collagen-hydroxyapatite scaffold functionalized with star-PLLs containing either 32- or 64- poly(l-lysine) arms can be used to successfully deliver this pDual cargo to autologous host cells. At the very early timepoint of just 4 weeks, we demonstrate the 64-star-PLL-pDual functionalised scaffold as a particularly efficient platform to accelerate bone tissue regeneration, with a 6-fold increase in new bone formation compared to a scaffold alone. Overall, this article describes for the first time the incorporation of novel star-polypeptide biomaterials carrying two therapeutic genes into a cell free scaffold which supports accelerated bone tissue formation in vivo.


Assuntos
Regeneração Óssea , Nanomedicina , Tecidos Suporte , Animais , Osso e Ossos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Osteogênese , Peptídeos , Plasmídeos , Ratos , Engenharia Tecidual , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética
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