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2.
Pediatrics ; 146(4)2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32883808

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Children with isolated neutropenia (absolute neutrophil count [ANC] <1500/µL) are frequently referred to pediatric hematology and oncology clinics for further diagnostic evaluation. Scant literature exists on interventions and outcomes for isolated neutropenia. We hypothesized that children will have resolution of their neutropenia without the need for intervention(s) by a pediatric hematologist and oncologist. METHODS: We performed a 5.5-year institutional review board-approved retrospective chart review of children referred to our pediatric hematology and oncology clinics for isolated neutropenia. Neutropenia was categorized as mild (ANC of 1001-1500/µL), moderate (ANC of 500-1000 µL), severe (ANC of 201-500/µL), or very severe (ANC of ≤200/µL). RESULTS: Among 155 children referred with isolated neutropenia, 45 (29%) had mild neutropenia, 65 (42%) had moderate neutropenia, 30 (19%) had severe neutropenia, and 15 (10%) had very severe neutropenia. Only 29 (19%) children changed to an ANC category lower than their initial referral category. At a median follow-up of 12 months, 101 children had resolution of neutropenia, 40 children had mild neutropenia, 10 children had moderate neutropenia, 3 children had severe neutropenia, and 1 patient had very severe neutropenia. A specific diagnosis was not identified in most (54%) children. The most common etiologies were viral suppression (16%), autoimmune neutropenia (14%), and drug-induced neutropenia (8%). Black children had a 3.5 higher odds of having persistent mild neutropenia. Six (4%) children received granulocyte colony-stimulating factor therapy. CONCLUSIONS: Most children referred for isolated neutropenia do not progress in severity and do not require subspecialty interventions or hospitalizations.


Assuntos
Neutropenia/epidemiologia , Encaminhamento e Consulta/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Afro-Americanos/estatística & dados numéricos , Anticorpos Antinucleares/análise , Americanos Asiáticos/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças Autoimunes/complicações , Neutropenia Febril Induzida por Quimioterapia/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Progressão da Doença , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/uso terapêutico , Hematologia , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Oncologia , Neutropenia/diagnóstico , Neutropenia/tratamento farmacológico , Neutropenia/etiologia , Remissão Espontânea , Estudos Retrospectivos , Viroses/complicações
3.
Ann Oncol ; 31(10): 1320-1335, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32745693

RESUMO

We established an international consortium to review and discuss relevant clinical evidence in order to develop expert consensus statements related to cancer management during the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2-related disease (COVID-19) pandemic. The steering committee prepared 10 working packages addressing significant clinical questions from diagnosis to surgery. During a virtual consensus meeting of 62 global experts and one patient advocate, led by the European Society for Medical Oncology, statements were discussed, amended and voted upon. When consensus could not be reached, the panel revised statements until a consensus was reached. Overall, the expert panel agreed on 28 consensus statements that can be used to overcome many of the clinical and technical areas of uncertainty ranging from diagnosis to therapeutic planning and treatment during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Consenso , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Oncologia/normas , Neoplasias/terapia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Sociedades Médicas/normas , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Gerenciamento Clínico , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/farmacologia , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Oncologia/métodos , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/imunologia , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/métodos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/normas , Linfócitos T Citotóxicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos T Citotóxicos/imunologia , Telemedicina/métodos , Telemedicina/normas
4.
Tumori ; 106(4): 273-280, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32538316

RESUMO

Neutropenia is the most frequent side effect of commercially available myelosuppressive drugs and its most significant complication is febrile neutropenia. It is associated with increased hospital admissions and higher probability of death. Prophylaxis with the administration of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor can prevent neutropenia caused by anticancer drugs. The correct administration of these drugs and the management of febrile neutropenia are extremely important in the treatment of patients with cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neutropenia/tratamento farmacológico , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Gerenciamento Clínico , Guias como Assunto , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Indução/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias/complicações , Neoplasias/patologia , Neutropenia/induzido quimicamente , Neutropenia/patologia
6.
Bull Cancer ; 107(6): 629-632, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-155023

RESUMO

Since the emergence of the SARS-CoV-2 infection, many recommendations have been made. However, the very nature of acute lymphoblastic leukemias and their treatment in children and adolescents led the Leukemia Committee of the French Society for the fight against cancers and leukemias in children and adolescents (SFCE) to propose more specific recommendations, even if data for this population are still scarce. They may have to evolve according to the rapid evolution of knowledge on COVID-19.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacocinética , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Antivirais/farmacocinética , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Criança , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Terapia Combinada , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Gerenciamento Clínico , Síndrome de Down/epidemiologia , Interações Medicamentosas , Neutropenia Febril/induzido quimicamente , Neutropenia Febril/tratamento farmacológico , Neutropenia Febril/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/uso terapêutico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido , Masculino , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Recidiva , Indução de Remissão , Risco , Medição de Risco , Terapia de Salvação , Avaliação de Sintomas
7.
Bull Cancer ; 107(6): 629-632, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32387061

RESUMO

Since the emergence of the SARS-CoV-2 infection, many recommendations have been made. However, the very nature of acute lymphoblastic leukemias and their treatment in children and adolescents led the Leukemia Committee of the French Society for the fight against cancers and leukemias in children and adolescents (SFCE) to propose more specific recommendations, even if data for this population are still scarce. They may have to evolve according to the rapid evolution of knowledge on COVID-19.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacocinética , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Antivirais/farmacocinética , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Criança , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Terapia Combinada , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Gerenciamento Clínico , Síndrome de Down/epidemiologia , Interações Medicamentosas , Neutropenia Febril/induzido quimicamente , Neutropenia Febril/tratamento farmacológico , Neutropenia Febril/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/uso terapêutico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido , Masculino , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Recidiva , Indução de Remissão , Risco , Medição de Risco , Terapia de Salvação , Avaliação de Sintomas
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(15): e19746, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32282735

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) typically is an acute onset multi-organ infection caused by TSS toxin-1 producing Staphylococcus aureus. Herein we describe a highly unusual case report. PATIENT CONCERNS: A male patient self-referred to the University of Minnesota Hospital with a chronic history of S aureus infection with accompanying fever, hypotension, and nonhealing, football-sized lesion on his leg. DIAGNOSIS: An unusual case presentation of TSS/hyperimmunoglobulin E syndrome is described. The patient had a leg wound from which TSS toxin-1 S aureus was isolated. The patient exhibited characteristic skewing of T cells to those with variable region, ß-chain T cell receptor-2. Other patients have been seen with related presentations. INTERVENTIONS: The following therapeutic regimen was instituted: vigorous antibacterial scrubs several times daily plus intravenous Ancef 3 days each month; intravenous infusions of immunoglobulin G infusions (28 gm) every 3 weeks; and weekly subcutaneous injections of recombinant granulocyte colony-stimulating factor. OUTCOME: Improvement was obvious within 3 months: no further cellulitic episodes occurred; the patient regained 95 pounds in 9 months; blanching and cyanosis of fingers disappeared within 3 months as did intractable pain although mild hypesthesias continued for 2 years; erythroderma resolved, and repeat skin biopsies performed after 2 years no longer demonstrated T cell receptor skewing. Although IgE levels have not completely returned to normal, the patient remains in excellent health. LESSONS: We propose that staphylococcal TSST-1 was responsible for the serious problems suffered by this patient as suggested by the following features: rapid onset of chronic, life-threatening, disorder that began with an episode of staphylococcal sepsis; the extraordinary elevation of IgE levels in this previously non-atopic individual; the acquired severe granulocyte chemotactic defect that accompanied this hyperimmunoglobulinemia ("Job Syndrome") with its accompanying wound-healing defect; and the striking diffuse erythroderma, including palmar erythema ("Red Man Syndrome") with hypotension and fever that also characterizes TSS.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Job/microbiologia , Choque Séptico/microbiologia , Infecções Estafilocócicas/microbiologia , Staphylococcus aureus/isolamento & purificação , Administração Intravenosa , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Cefazolina/administração & dosagem , Cefazolina/uso terapêutico , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/administração & dosagem , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/administração & dosagem , Imunoglobulina G/uso terapêutico , Infusões Intravenosas , Injeções Subcutâneas , Síndrome de Job/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Job/etiologia , Perna (Membro)/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Choque Séptico/diagnóstico , Choque Séptico/etiologia , Infecções Estafilocócicas/complicações , Infecções Estafilocócicas/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Ferimentos e Lesões/microbiologia
12.
Ann Hematol ; 99(4): 819-828, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32025840

RESUMO

Autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT) is an effective treatment for non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). However, recent supply issues and toxicity of carmustine have necessitated a new conditioning regimen. We conducted a multicenter, phase II study of BEB (busulfan, etoposide, and bendamustine) conditioning regimen for ASCT in patients with NHL. Thirty-one patients were enrolled and underwent ASCT with the BEB conditioning regimen. The most common subtype was diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (n = 23, 74.2%). Nine patients (29.0%) had a history of relapse, and 18 patients (58.1%) received more than 2 lines of chemotherapy before ASCT. A median number of 6.05 × 106/kg CD34 cells were infused, and all patients engrafted after a median period of 11 days. Thirteen patients (41.9%) experienced neutropenic fever, and 16 patients (51.6%) had grade 3 or 4 toxicities during ASCT. No one had a documented infection, veno-occlusive disease, or treatment-related death. Three-month complete remission rate was 81.8%. Median follow-up period of 15 months showed 6 patients (19.4%) relapsed or progressed and 3 patients died. The estimated 2-year progression-free survival and overall survival rate were 73.0% and 89.8%, respectively. Our results show that BEB conditioning regimens for ASCT are feasible with tolerable toxicity in patients with NHL.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Linfoma não Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Adulto , Antifúngicos/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Cloridrato de Bendamustina/administração & dosagem , Cloridrato de Bendamustina/efeitos adversos , Bussulfano/administração & dosagem , Bussulfano/efeitos adversos , Terapia Combinada , Etoposídeo/administração & dosagem , Etoposídeo/efeitos adversos , Neutropenia Febril/induzido quimicamente , Feminino , Seguimentos , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Linfoma não Hodgkin/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfoma não Hodgkin/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Pré-Medicação , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estudos Prospectivos , Indução de Remissão , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/efeitos adversos , Transplante Autólogo , Adulto Jovem
13.
Transfusion ; 60(4): 698-712, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32086946

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In experimental canine septic shock, depressed circulating granulocyte counts were associated with a poor outcome and increasing counts with prophylactic granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) improved outcome. Therapeutic G-CSF, in contrast, did not improve circulating counts or outcome, and therefore investigation was undertaken to determine whether transfusing granulocytes therapeutically would improve outcome. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Twenty-eight purpose-bred beagles underwent an intrabronchial Staphylococcus aureus challenge and 4 hours later were randomly assigned to granulocyte (40-100 × 109 cells) or plasma transfusion. RESULTS: Granulocyte transfusion significantly expanded the low circulating counts for hours compared to septic controls but was not associated with significant mortality benefit (1/14, 7% vs. 2/14, 14%, respectively; p = 0.29). Septic animals with higher granulocyte count at 4 hours (median [interquartile range] of 3.81 3.39-5.05] vs. 1.77 [1.25-2.50]) had significantly increased survival independent of whether they were transfused with granulocytes. In a subgroup analysis, animals with higher circulating granulocyte counts receiving donor granulocytes had worsened lung injury compared to septic controls. Conversely, donor granulocytes decreased lung injury in septic animals with lower counts. CONCLUSION: During bacterial pneumonia, circulating counts predict the outcome of transfusing granulocytes. With low but normal counts, transfusing granulocytes does not improve survival and injures the lung, whereas for animals with very low counts, but not absolute neutropenia, granulocyte transfusion improves lung function.


Assuntos
Granulócitos/transplante , Pneumonia Bacteriana/terapia , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Cães , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/uso terapêutico , Granulócitos/citologia , Contagem de Leucócitos , Transfusão de Leucócitos , Lesão Pulmonar/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Bacteriana/mortalidade , Staphylococcus aureus/patogenicidade , Doadores de Tecidos , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Ann N Y Acad Sci ; 1466(1): 83-92, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32083314

RESUMO

Cyclic neutropenia (CyN) is a hematologic disorder in which peripheral blood absolute neutrophil counts (ANCs) show cycles of approximately 21-day intervals. The majority of CyN patients harbor ELANE mutations, but the mechanism of ANC cycling is unclear. We performed analysis of bone marrow (BM) subpopulations in CyN patients at the peak and the nadir of the ANC cycle and detected high proportions of BM hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) at the nadir of the ANC cycle, as compared with the peak. BM HSPCs produced fewer granulocyte colony-forming unit colonies at the ANC peak. To investigate the mechanism of cycling, we found that mRNA expression levels of ELANE and unfolded protein response (UPR)-related genes (ATF6, BiP (HSPA5), CHOP (DDIT3), and PERK (EIF2AK3)) were elevated, but antiapoptotic genes (Bcl-2 (BCL2) and bcl-xL (BCL2L1)) were reduced in CD34+ cells tested at the ANC nadir. Moreover, HSPCs revealed increased levels of reactive oxygen species and gH2AX at the ANC nadir. We suggest that in CyN patients, some HSPCs escape the UPR-induced endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and proliferate in response to granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) to a certain threshold at which UPR again affects the majority of HSPCs. There is a cyclic balance between ER stress-induced apoptosis of HSPCs and compensatory G-CSF-stimulated HSPC proliferation followed by granulocytic differentiation.


Assuntos
Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático/fisiologia , Elastase de Leucócito/genética , Neutropenia/etiologia , Resposta a Proteínas não Dobradas/fisiologia , Medula Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Medula Óssea/patologia , Células Cultivadas , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático/genética , Seguimentos , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/farmacologia , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/uso terapêutico , Hematopoese/efeitos dos fármacos , Hematopoese/genética , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/patologia , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/fisiologia , Humanos , Elastase de Leucócito/fisiologia , Mutação , Neutropenia/tratamento farmacológico , Neutropenia/metabolismo , Neutropenia/patologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Resposta a Proteínas não Dobradas/efeitos dos fármacos , Resposta a Proteínas não Dobradas/genética
15.
Am J Case Rep ; 21: e920809, 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32018275

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Nivolumab is a human IgG4 monoclonal antibody against human programmed cell death 1 (PD-1). It has demonstrated efficacy against metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Treatment with nivolumab is sometimes associated with immune-related adverse events (ir AEs) in patients. These specific ir AEs include pneumonitis, hypothyroidism, dermatitis, enterocolitis, hepatitis, and neuropathy. However, hematological toxicity is rare. CASE REPORT A 57-year-old man with lung adenocarcinoma, with brain and adrenal gland metastases, was therefore started on nivolumab therapy as third-line treatment. After administration of the second dose with nivolumab, grade 3 febrile neutropenia (FN) and grade 2 liver dysfunction developed in the patient. The patient was started to on intravenous antibiotics, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), and corticosteroids. Neutrophil counts and liver function gradually improved, and corticosteroids were tapered over 6 weeks. However, the patient was re-treated with G-CSF because the neutrophil counts decreased again. CONCLUSIONS Care needs to be taken with such patients because neutropenia due to treatment with nivolumab can recur, as well as other ir AEs.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/tratamento farmacológico , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Neutropenia Febril/induzido quimicamente , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Nivolumabe/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/secundário , Neoplasias Encefálicas/secundário , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Hepatopatias/terapia , Masculino , Metilprednisolona/administração & dosagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisolona/administração & dosagem
16.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 1: CD013226, 2020 01 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31978254

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) seems to play an important role in the process of embryo implantation and continuation of pregnancy. It has been used during in vitro fertilisation (IVF) treatment for subfertile women with chronically thin endometrium and those with previous multiple IVF failures. It is currently unknown whether G-CSF is effective in improving results following assisted reproductive technology (ART). OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of G-CSF in women undergoing ART. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Gynaecology and Fertility Group Specialised Register, CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, ClinicalTrials.gov, and the World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform in February 2019. We searched reference lists of relevant articles and handsearched relevant conference proceedings. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing G-CSF administration versus no treatment or placebo in subfertile women undergoing IVF treatment. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two review authors independently screened studies, extracted data, and assessed risk of bias. The primary outcomes were live-birth rate and miscarriage rate following G-CSF administration. We have reported ongoing pregnancy rate in cases where studies did not report live birth but reported ongoing pregnancy. Secondary outcomes were clinical pregnancy rate, multiple pregnancy rate, adverse events, ectopic pregnancy rate, small for gestational age at birth, abnormally adherent placenta, and congenital anomaly rate. We analysed data using risk ratio (RR), Peto odds ratio and a fixed-effect model. We assessed the quality of the evidence using the GRADE criteria. MAIN RESULTS: We included 15 trials involving 622 women who received G-CSF and 631 women who received placebo or no additional treatment during IVF. The main limitations in the quality of the evidence were inadequate reporting of study methods and high risk of performance bias due to lack of blinding. We assessed only two of the 15 included trials as at a low risk of bias. None of the trials reported the primary effectiveness outcome of live-birth rate. We are uncertain whether G-CSF administration improves ongoing pregnancy rate compared to control in subfertile women undergoing ART (RR 1.42, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.83 to 2.42; 2 RCTs; participants = 263; I² = 0%; very low-quality evidence). For a typical clinic with 14% ongoing pregnancy rate, G-CSF administration would be expected to result in ongoing pregnancy rates between 12% and 35%. We are uncertain whether G-CSF administration reduces miscarriage rate (Peto odds ratio 0.55, 95% CI 0.17 to 1.83; 3 RCTs; participants = 391; I² = 0%; very low-quality evidence) compared to the control group in subfertile women undergoing ART. We are uncertain whether G-CSF administration improves overall clinical pregnancy rate compared to control in subfertile women undergoing ART (RR 1.63, 95% CI 1.32 to 2.01; 14 RCTs; participants = 1253; I² = 13%; very low-quality evidence). For a typical clinic with 17% clinical pregnancy rate, G-CSF administration would be expected to result in clinical pregnancy rates between 23% and 35%. In the unselected IVF population, we are uncertain whether G-CSF administration improves clinical pregnancy rate compared to the control group (RR 1.11, 95% CI 0.77 to 1.60; 3 RCTs; participants = 404; I² = 0%; low-quality evidence). G-CSF administration may improve clinical pregnancy rate in women with two or more previous IVF failures compared to the control group (RR 2.11, 95% CI 1.56 to 2.85; 7 RCTs; participants = 643; I² = 0%; low-quality evidence). In subfertile women with thin endometrium undergoing ART, we are uncertain whether G-CSF administration improves clinical pregnancy rate compared to the control group (RR 1.58, 95% CI 0.95 to 2.63; 4 RCTs; participants = 206; I² = 30%; low-quality evidence). No study reported on multiple pregnancy rate. Only four trials reported adverse events as an outcome, and none of them reported any major adverse events following either G-CSF administration or placebo/no treatment. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: In subfertile women undergoing ART, we are uncertain whether the administration of G-CSF improves ongoing pregnancy or overall clinical pregnancy rates or reduces miscarriage rate compared to no treatment or placebo, whether in all women or those with thin endometrium, based on very low-quality evidence. Low-quality evidence suggests that G-CSF administration may improve clinical pregnancy rate in women with two or more IVF failures, but the included studies had unclear allocation concealment or were at high risk of performance bias.


Assuntos
Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/uso terapêutico , Infertilidade Feminina/tratamento farmacológico , Taxa de Gravidez , Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida , Aborto Espontâneo/epidemiologia , Coeficiente de Natalidade , Endométrio/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Nascimento Vivo/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Gravidez Ectópica/epidemiologia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
17.
Support Care Cancer ; 28(9): 4413-4424, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31919669

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate patterns of primary prophylactic (PP) granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) use following chemotherapy by cancer type and febrile neutropenia (FN) risk. METHODS: Using a commercial administrative database, we identified adult patients diagnosed with breast, colorectal, lung, ovarian cancer, or non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) who initiated chemotherapy with high risk (HR) or intermediate risk (IR) for FN between January 1, 2013, and August 31, 2017. We describe use of PP-G-CSF, proportion completing all their cycles with pegfilgrastim, timing of pegfilgrastim, and duration of short-acting G-CSF. RESULTS: Among 22,868 patients (breast 11,513; colorectal 3765; lung 4273; ovarian 1287; and NHL 2030), 36.8% received HR and 63.2% received IR (64.4% of whom had ≥ 1 risk factor [RF] for FN). Proportions of patients receiving PP-G-CSF in the first cycle were 76.1%, 28.2%, and 26.4% among patients receiving HR, IR, and IR plus ≥ 1 RF, respectively. Among breast cancer patients receiving HR regimens and initiating PP-pegfilgrastim, 60.4% (95% confidence interval [CI] 57.2-63.6%) initiating via on-body injector (OBI) and 51.9% (95% CI 48.0-55.8%) initiating via prefilled syringe (PFS) completed all their cycles with OBI and PFS, respectively. Among all cycles with PP-PFS, 8.5% received PFS on the same day as chemotherapy completion. Mean administrations/cycle were 3.2 (standard deviation [SD] 2.3) for filgrastim, 3.0 (SD 1.6) for filgrastim-sndz, and 4.3 (SD 2.5) for tbo-filgrastim. CONCLUSIONS: There is under- and mistimed use of PP-G-CSF among patients at HR for FN. Novel pegfilgrastim delivery devices could help breast cancer patients at HR for FN complete all their cycles with timely prophylaxis.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Feminino , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/farmacologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Support Care Cancer ; 28(2): 691-699, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31127438

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The guidelines suggest using granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) for febrile neutropenia (FN) as prophylaxis in chemotherapy protocols with the risk of 10-20% after assessment of patient's risk factors. Therefore, the aim of this study is to assess the risk of FN by using the Patient Risk Score (PRS) and evaluating G-CSF use and its side effects by a clinical pharmacist at an outpatient clinic. METHODS: The study was conducted from May 2017 until November 2017 at the University Hospital oncology outpatient clinic. Patients who receive chemotherapy protocols with FN risk of 10-20% and > 20% and were initiated G-CSF were included. The patients' risk factors were assessed by the PRS, and the side effects were monitored for 3 months by a clinical pharmacist via a patient self-reported monitoring card. RESULTS: A total of 118 patients were included (286 interviews) in the study. There was a significant increase between the first and third visits on the PRS total scores of patients (p = 0.034). The patterns of G-CSF use showed that 34.7% undertreated, 22.8% overtreated, and 42.3% of patients were correctly treated for the prophylaxis. The severity of G-CSF-related musculoskeletal pain was increased on the second and third days of treatment. CONCLUSIONS: The use of G-CSFs for FN prophylaxis is recommended; however, there may be a group of patients who are inadequately or unnecessarily treated. Therefore, patients should be assessed for the risk of developing FN in each cycle of chemotherapy and a regular risk assessment by using the PRS can be implemented in the monitoring process.


Assuntos
Neutropenia Febril/tratamento farmacológico , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/farmacologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Adulto Jovem
20.
Int J Cancer ; 146(5): 1457-1467, 2020 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31344264

RESUMO

It remains unclear whether there is a relationship between therapeutic effects of hypomethylating agents (HMAs) and epigenetic modifier gene mutations (EMMs) in patients with cytogenetically intermediate-risk acute myeloid leukemia (IR-AML). Based on targeted-capture sequencing, we retrospectively analyzed the correlation between EMMs and prognosis in 83 IR-AML patients treated with decitabine in combination with cytarabine, aclarubicin hydrochloride and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (DCAG, n = 35) or "7 + 3" induction regimens (n = 48). In the multivariate analyses, EMM (+) patients did not show any statistically significant difference in remission rates from EMM (-) patients in the DCAG group (p > 0.05), but achieved inferior complete remission (CR; p = 0.03) and overall remission rates (ORR; p = 0.04) after the first course of standard induction regimens (p < 0.05). In the EMM (-) cohort, the DCAG group showed the tendency of adverse total CR (p = 0.06). Besides, DCAG group with EMMs achieved the best survival outcome independent of baseline characteristics, whereas it was opposite in EMM (+) patients receiving standard induction regimens (p < 0.05). Additionally, in the EMM (+) cohort, the survival rate of isolated DCAG group was statistically similar to that of the combination of standard chemotherapies and allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) (p > 0.40), whereas patients who received only standard regimens had the worst survival rate (0.0%, p < 0.01). It can be concluded that the EMMs might be regarded as the potentially predictive biomarkers of better response to DCAG in IR-AML patients.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Epigênese Genética/genética , Genes Modificadores/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Aclarubicina/farmacologia , Aclarubicina/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Citarabina/farmacologia , Citarabina/uso terapêutico , Metilação de DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Decitabina/farmacologia , Decitabina/uso terapêutico , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/farmacologia , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Cariotipagem , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Prognóstico , Indução de Remissão/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
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