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1.
J Environ Pathol Toxicol Oncol ; 38(2): 173-183, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31679280

RESUMO

In the present study, we investigated the effects of conditioned media (CM) collected from the cancer cell lines (K562, MCF-7, and HeLa) on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) isolated from the healthy human blood. The soluble factors in the CM are probably responsible for the differential mRNA expressions of Foxp3, Helios, Neuropilin- 1 (NRP-1), and glycoprotein A repetitions predominant (GARP), along with IFN-γ and TGF-ß in PBMCs cultured with cancer cells CM. The PBMCs cultured with CM of K562 showed increased expression of Foxp3, Helios, NRP-1, GARP, IFN-γ, and TGF-ß compared to PBMCs cultured with CM of MCF-7 and HeLa cells. In addition, the intracellular staining on PBMCs cultured with CM from cell lines were also evaluated for CD4, CD25, Foxp3, Helios, and NRP-1 by multicolor flow cytometry. The expression of CD4+CD25+Foxp3+, CD4+Helios+Foxp3+ and CD+NRP-1+Foxp3+ showed retarded cell population compared to control PBMCs. Our data suggest that soluble factors in CM of cancer cells may trigger the immune response in PBMCs resulting in a systematic response. Further research could lead to the identification of specific soluble factors that are involved in trafficking of cells into the immune cascades, which could be a safe and promising strategy for targeting human cancers.


Assuntos
Expressão Gênica , Interferon gama/genética , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/genética , Meios de Cultivo Condicionados , Células HeLa , Humanos , Interferon gama/metabolismo , Células K562 , Células MCF-7 , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo
2.
J Surg Oncol ; 120(8): 1427-1435, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31729037

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Mucinous adenocarcinoma is a distinct subtype of colorectal cancer (CRC) with a worse prognosis when compared with non-mucinous adenocarcinoma. The aim of this study was to compare somatic mutations and copy number alteration (CNA) between mucinous and non-mucinous CRC. METHODS: Data from The Cancer Genome Atlas-colon adenocarcinoma and rectum adenocarcinoma projects were utilized. Mucinous and non-mucinous CRC were compared with regard to microsatellite status, overall mutation rate, the most frequently mutated genes, mutations in genes coding for mismatch repair (MMR) proteins and genes coding for mucin glycoproteins. CNA analysis and pathway analysis was undertaken. RESULTS: Mucinous CRC was more likely to be microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) and hypermutated. When corrected for microsatellite status the single-nucleotide variation and insertion-deletion rate was similar between the two cohorts. Mucinous adenocarcinoma was more likely to have mutations in genes coding for MMR proteins and mucin glycoproteins. Pathway analysis revealed further differences between the two histological subtypes in the cell cycle, RTK-RAS, transforming growth factor-ß, and TP53 pathways. CONCLUSIONS: Mucinous CRC has some distinct genomic aberrations when compared with non-mucinous adenocarcinoma, many of which are driven by the increased frequency of MSI-H tumors. These genomic aberrations may play an important part in the difference seen in response to treatment and prognosis in mucinous adenocarcinoma.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma Mucinoso/genética , Adenocarcinoma/genética , Neoplasias do Colo/genética , Genômica , Neoplasias Retais/genética , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adenocarcinoma Mucinoso/patologia , Estudos de Coortes , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Mutação INDEL , Instabilidade de Microssatélites , Mucinas/genética , Mutação , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/genética , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Proteína Smad4/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética
3.
DNA Cell Biol ; 38(10): 1040-1047, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31414895

RESUMO

The helper T cell 9 (Thelper-9, Th9), as a functional subgroup of CD4+T cells, was first discovered in 2008. Th9 cells expressed transcription factor PU.1 and cytokine interleukin-9 (IL-9) characteristically. Recent researches have shown that the differentiation of Th9 cells was coregulated by cytokine transforming growth factor ß, IL-4, and various transcription factors. Th9 cells, as a new player, played an important role in various immune-related diseases, including tumors, inflammatory diseases, parasite infection, and other diseases. In this article, we summarize the related research progress and discuss the possible prospect.


Assuntos
Interleucina-9/imunologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/imunologia , Neoplasias/imunologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/imunologia , Linfócitos T Auxiliares-Indutores/imunologia , Transativadores/imunologia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/imunologia , Animais , Diferenciação Celular , Fator de Transcrição GATA3/deficiência , Fator de Transcrição GATA3/genética , Fator de Transcrição GATA3/imunologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Inflamação , Interleucina-4/genética , Interleucina-4/imunologia , Interleucina-9/genética , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/genética , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/genética , Fator de Transcrição STAT6/genética , Fator de Transcrição STAT6/imunologia , Transdução de Sinais , Linfócitos T Auxiliares-Indutores/patologia , Transativadores/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/genética
4.
DNA Cell Biol ; 38(10): 1134-1142, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31433203

RESUMO

Diabetes mellitus is a complicated metabolic disease characterized by hyperglycemia. Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a progressive kidney disease, which results in mortality in diabetic patients. The present study was designed to investigate the effect of applying spironolactone (S), captopril (C), and their combination (S+C) on some renal performance indices and microRNAs' (miRNAs) expression. A total of 35 two-month-old male Wistar rats were provided for the study. Intraperitoneal injection of freshly dissolved streptozotocin (60 mg/kg) in cold citrate buffer was used to induce diabetes. Blood samples were examined through calorimetry to assess serum concentrations of glucose, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), and creatinine. To measure the microalbuminuria and transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß) levels and to evaluate the miRNAs expression levels of the kidney tissue, the ELISA method and the real-time PCR were used. The obtained results serve as in vivo evidence for the positive relationship between miR-192 and TGF-ß levels in the DN rats. A significant increase and decrease were found for miR-29a/b/c and the miR-192 expression of DN after treatment with S, C, and S+C. TGF-ß levels and microalbuminuria of diabetic rats also increased. The results obtained from this research study suggest that S, C, and S + C can improve DN by targeting miR-192 and miR-29 family and changing their expression. These findings suggest that miR-192 and miRs-29a/b/c can be potential targets for DN remediation.


Assuntos
Captopril/farmacologia , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Nefropatias Diabéticas/tratamento farmacológico , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Hiperglicemia/tratamento farmacológico , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Espironolactona/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Hipertensivos/farmacologia , Glicemia/efeitos dos fármacos , Glicemia/metabolismo , Nitrogênio da Ureia Sanguínea , Creatinina/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/induzido quimicamente , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/patologia , Nefropatias Diabéticas/induzido quimicamente , Nefropatias Diabéticas/genética , Nefropatias Diabéticas/patologia , Diuréticos/farmacologia , Combinação de Medicamentos , Reposicionamento de Medicamentos , Hiperglicemia/induzido quimicamente , Hiperglicemia/genética , Hiperglicemia/patologia , Masculino , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Estreptozocina/administração & dosagem , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 19(1): 191, 2019 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438893

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the efficacy and safety of repeated phototherapeutic keratectomies (PTKs) during long-term treatment for corneal dystrophy (CD) in a Chinese pedigree carrying the R124L mutation in TGFBI. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of 20-year medical and genetic records involving five CD patients (10 eyes) from one pedigree. During this period, PTK was conducted for an eye when best-corrected distance visual acuity (BCDVA) reached > 1.0 (LogMAR), due to either primary or recurrent opacities in the cornea. All PTKs were performed by 193-nm excimer laser with or without creation of epithelial flaps. For each eye, routine measurements were conducted for the number of PTKs during follow-up, mean time to recurrence, and BCDVA pre- and post- every PTK (measurements within 3 months from each PTK). Corneal thicknesses measured after the last PTK and at the last visit were analyzed, and subjective satisfaction was assessed. RESULTS: Gene testing revealed an R124L mutation in TGFBI. During 19.60 ± 1.78 years of follow-up, PTKs were conducted twice for three eyes, three times for six eyes, and four times for one eye. After each PTK, effective visual acuity was maintained for 3.60 ± 1.12 years before significant recurrence. BCDVA improved significantly postoperatively than preoperatively for the first PTK for each eye (p < 0.001), as well as the second (p < 0.001) and third one (p < 0.001). After the last PTK and at the final visit, the thinnest corneal thickness was 371.50 ± 56.47 µm and 358.40 ± 101.11 µm, respectively. The average subjective satisfaction score was 8.60 ± 0.89. CONCLUSIONS: Multiple repeated PTKs were effective and safe in a long-term study of CD patients with an R124L mutation in TGFBI.


Assuntos
Córnea/cirurgia , Distrofias Hereditárias da Córnea/cirurgia , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/genética , Previsões , Lasers de Excimer/uso terapêutico , Mutação , Ceratectomia Fotorrefrativa/métodos , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/genética , Adulto , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Córnea/patologia , Distrofias Hereditárias da Córnea/epidemiologia , Distrofias Hereditárias da Córnea/genética , DNA/genética , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Linhagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Resultado do Tratamento , Acuidade Visual
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(26): e15946, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31261499

RESUMO

Studies investigating the association between transforming growth factor (TGF-ß-509C/T, rs1800469) promoter polymorphism and myocardial infarction (MI) risk reported inconsistent results. The aim of our study was to assess the association between the 509C/T polymorphism of the TGF-ß gene (rs1800469) and MI risk.A total of 5460 cases and 8413 controls in 7 case-control studies were incorporated in our current meta-analysis. The original studies were selected through searching the databases of the PubMed and EMBASE. The odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) of TGF-ß 509C/T (rs1800469) for MI risk were applied to estimate the strength of the association.Our results showed that T allele carriers had a 13% increased risk of MI, when compared with the C allele carriers (OR = 1.13, 95% CI: 1.00-1.27). In the subset analysis by the type of MI, significantly elevated risk of MI was associated with the homozygote TT and heterozygote C/T in no-AMI subjects, when compared with the CC homozygote carriers (OR = 1.12, 95% CI:1.02-1.23).Our meta-analysis shows that the polymorphism with homozygote TT and heterozygote C/T of TGF-ß 509C/T (rs1800469) is significantly associated with the increased risk of MI.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença , Infarto do Miocárdio/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/genética , Humanos
7.
Toxicol Lett ; 313: 178-187, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31284023

RESUMO

Long-term inhalation of crystalline silica particles leads to silicosis characterized by pulmonary inflammation and interstitial fibrosis. The growth arrest-specific protein 6 (Gas6) and its tyrosine receptor Mer have been implicated to involve in the regulation of inflammation, innate immunity and tissue repair. However, the role of Gas6 or Mer in silica-induced lung inflammation and fibrosis has not been investigated previously. In this study, we observed a remarkable increase of Gas6 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) from wild-type C57BL/6 mice after silica intratracheal administration. Then, we investigated whether genetic loss of Gas6 or Mer could attenuate silica-induced lung inflammation and fibrosis. Our results showed that Gas6-/- and Mer-/- mice exhibited reduced lung inflammation response from days 7 to 84 after silica exposure. We also uncovered an overexpression of the suppressor of cytokine signaling protein 1 in silica-treated deficient mice. Moreover, Gas6 or Mer deficiency attenuated silica-induced collagen deposition by inhibiting the expression of transforming growth factor-ß. We conclude that gene absence of Gas6 or Mer is protective against silica-induced lung inflammation and fibrosis in mice. Targeting Gas6/Mer pathway may be a potential therapeutic approach to treat pulmonary fibrosis in patients with silicosis.


Assuntos
Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/deficiência , Pulmão/enzimologia , Pneumonia/prevenção & controle , Fibrose Pulmonar/prevenção & controle , Silicose/prevenção & controle , c-Mer Tirosina Quinase/deficiência , Animais , Colágeno Tipo I/genética , Colágeno Tipo I/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/genética , Pulmão/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Pneumonia/enzimologia , Pneumonia/genética , Pneumonia/patologia , Fibrose Pulmonar/enzimologia , Fibrose Pulmonar/genética , Fibrose Pulmonar/patologia , Transdução de Sinais , Silicose/enzimologia , Silicose/genética , Silicose/patologia , Proteína 1 Supressora da Sinalização de Citocina/genética , Proteína 1 Supressora da Sinalização de Citocina/metabolismo , Fatores de Tempo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , c-Mer Tirosina Quinase/genética
8.
Immunogenetics ; 71(7): 501-510, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31147740

RESUMO

The common fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster is a powerful model for studying signaling pathway regulation. Conserved signaling pathways underlying physiological processes signify evolutionary relationship between organisms and the nature of the mechanisms they control. This study explores the cross-talk between the well-characterized nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) innate immune signaling pathways and transforming growth factor beta (TGF-ß) signaling pathway in response to parasitic nematode infection in Drosophila. To understand the link between signaling pathways, we followed on our previous studies by performing a transcript-level analysis of different TGF-ß signaling components following infection of immune-compromised Drosophila adult flies with the nematode parasites Heterorhabditis gerrardi and H. bacteriophora. Our findings demonstrate the requirement of NF-κB transcription factors for activation of TGF-ß signaling pathway in Drosophila in the context of parasitic nematode infection. We observe significant decrease in transcript level of glass bottom boat (gbb) and screw (scw), components of the bone morphogenic protein (BMP) branch, as well as Activinß (actß) which is a component of the Activin branch of the TGF-ß signaling pathway. These results are observed only in H. gerrardi nematode-infected flies compared to uninfected control. Also, this significant decrease in transcript level is found only for extracellular ligands. Future research examining the mechanisms regulating the interaction of these signaling pathways could provide further insight into Drosophila anti-nematode immune function against infection with potent parasitic nematodes.


Assuntos
Drosophila melanogaster/parasitologia , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Animais , Proteínas de Drosophila/genética , Proteínas de Drosophila/metabolismo , Drosophila melanogaster/genética , Drosophila melanogaster/imunologia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Interações Hospedeiro-Parasita/genética , Interações Hospedeiro-Parasita/imunologia , NF-kappa B/genética , NF-kappa B/imunologia , Nematoides/microbiologia , Nematoides/patogenicidade , Transdução de Sinais , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/imunologia
9.
Cell Mol Life Sci ; 76(20): 3939-3952, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31201464

RESUMO

Articular cartilage is formed at the end of epiphyses in the synovial joint cavity and permanently contributes to the smooth movement of synovial joints. Most skeletal elements develop from transient cartilage by a biological process known as endochondral ossification. Accumulating evidence indicates that articular and growth plate cartilage are derived from different cell sources and that different molecules and signaling pathways regulate these two kinds of cartilage. As the first sign of joint development, the interzone emerges at the presumptive joint site within a pre-cartilage tissue. After that, joint cavitation occurs in the center of the interzone, and the cells in the interzone and its surroundings gradually form articular cartilage and the synovial joint. During joint development, the interzone cells continuously migrate out to the epiphyseal cartilage and the surrounding cells influx into the joint region. These complicated phenomena are regulated by various molecules and signaling pathways, including GDF5, Wnt, IHH, PTHrP, BMP, TGF-ß, and FGF. Here, we summarize current literature and discuss the molecular mechanisms underlying joint formation and articular development.


Assuntos
Cartilagem Articular/metabolismo , Condrócitos/metabolismo , Condrogênese/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Cápsula Articular/metabolismo , Via de Sinalização Wnt , Animais , Proteínas Morfogenéticas Ósseas/genética , Proteínas Morfogenéticas Ósseas/metabolismo , Cartilagem Articular/citologia , Cartilagem Articular/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Diferenciação Celular , Linhagem da Célula/genética , Movimento Celular , Condrócitos/citologia , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/genética , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Fator 5 de Diferenciação de Crescimento/genética , Fator 5 de Diferenciação de Crescimento/metabolismo , Proteínas Hedgehog/genética , Proteínas Hedgehog/metabolismo , Humanos , Cápsula Articular/citologia , Cápsula Articular/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Osteogênese/genética , Proteína Relacionada ao Hormônio Paratireóideo/genética , Proteína Relacionada ao Hormônio Paratireóideo/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo
10.
J Biosci ; 44(2)2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31180054

RESUMO

This study was conducted to determine whether exposure to particulate matter 2.5 (PM2.5) affects the immune tolerance of neonatal mice via the regulation of PD-L1 expression. One-week-old BALB/c mice were exposed to PM2.5 for 8 days. From day 8 to day 18, the mice were treated with 5 µg house dust mite (HDM) (i. n.) every two days. Adenovirus-carried PD-L1 overexpression vectors were infected into mice via nasal inhalation 6 days after exposure to PM2.5. Airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) was examined in mice 19 days after exposure to PM2.5, and the related parameters of airway inflammation were studied on day 22. Co-exposure to PM2.5 and HDM reduced PD-L1 expression but greatly increased infiltration of inflammatory cells, which was reversed by PD-L1 overexpression. Co-exposure to PM2.5 and HDM also elevated serum IL-4, IL-5 and IL-13 levels and reduced TGF-ß level. Exposure to PM2.5 alone slightly increased the numbers of dendritic cells (DCs) but reduced the numbers of antigen-presenting cells expressing PD-L1 and Treg cells. Therefore, early exposure to PM2.5 reduced PD-L1 expression in the lungs of neonatal mice, which interfered with immune tolerance establishment and subsequently resulted in allergic airway inflammation.


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-H1/imunologia , Células Dendríticas/efeitos dos fármacos , Tolerância Imunológica/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Material Particulado/administração & dosagem , Hipersensibilidade Respiratória/imunologia , Adenoviridae/genética , Adenoviridae/imunologia , Administração por Inalação , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Antígeno B7-H1/antagonistas & inibidores , Antígeno B7-H1/genética , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Células Dendríticas/patologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Vetores Genéticos/administração & dosagem , Vetores Genéticos/química , Vetores Genéticos/imunologia , Interleucina-13/genética , Interleucina-13/imunologia , Interleucina-4/genética , Interleucina-4/imunologia , Interleucina-5/genética , Interleucina-5/imunologia , Pulmão/imunologia , Pulmão/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Pyroglyphidae/química , Pyroglyphidae/imunologia , Hipersensibilidade Respiratória/induzido quimicamente , Hipersensibilidade Respiratória/genética , Hipersensibilidade Respiratória/patologia , Transdução de Sinais , Linfócitos T Reguladores/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/patologia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/imunologia
11.
PLoS Genet ; 15(6): e1008187, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31226128

RESUMO

Active adult stem cells maintain a bipotential state with progeny able to either self-renew or initiate differentiation depending on extrinsic signals from the surrounding microenvironment. However, the intrinsic gene regulatory networks and chromatin states that allow adult stem cells to make these cell fate choices are not entirely understood. Here we show that the transcription factor DNA Replication-related Element Factor (DREF) regulates adult stem cell maintenance in the Drosophila male germline. A temperature-sensitive allele of DREF described in this study genetically separated a role for DREF in germline stem cell self-renewal from the general roles of DREF in cell proliferation. The DREF temperature-sensitive allele caused defects in germline stem cell self-renewal but allowed viability and division of germline stem cells as well as cell viability, growth and division of somatic cyst stem cells in the testes and cells in the Drosophila eye. Germline stem cells mutant for the temperature sensitive DREF allele exhibited lower activation of a TGF-beta reporter, and their progeny turned on expression of the differentiation factor Bam prematurely. Results of genetic interaction analyses revealed that Mi-2 and Caf1/p55, components of the Nucleosome Remodeling and Deacetylase (NuRD) complex, genetically antagonize the role of DREF in germline stem cell maintenance. Taken together, these data suggest that DREF contributes to intrinsic components of the germline stem cell regulatory network that maintains competence to self-renew.


Assuntos
Adenosina Trifosfatases/genética , Células-Tronco Adultas/metabolismo , Autoantígenos/genética , Proteínas de Drosophila/genética , Proteína 4 de Ligação ao Retinoblastoma/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Animais , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Autorrenovação Celular/genética , Drosophila melanogaster/genética , Drosophila melanogaster/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Células Germinativas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Masculino , Complexo Mi-2 de Remodelação de Nucleossomo e Desacetilase/genética , Nicho de Células-Tronco/genética , Testículo/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Testículo/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/genética
12.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 1484736, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31119153

RESUMO

Background and Objective: Progressive pulmonary fibrosis is the main cause of death in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) with interstitial lung disease (ILD) and in those with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß) and NADPH oxidase- (NOX-) derived reactive oxygen species (ROS) are drivers of lung fibrosis. We aimed to determine the role of the epigenetic readers, bromodomain and extraterminal (BET) proteins in the regulation of redox balance in activated myofibroblasts. Methods: In TGF-ß-stimulated fibroblasts, we investigated the effect of the BET inhibitor JQ1 on the mRNA expression of the prooxidant gene NOX4 and the antioxidant gene superoxide dismutase (SOD2) by quantitative RT-PCR, the antioxidant transcription factor NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) activity by a reporter assay, and intracellular ROS levels by dichlorofluorescein staining. Myofibroblast activation was determined by α-smooth muscle actin immunocytochemistry. The role of specific BET protein isoforms in NOX4 gene regulation was studied by siRNA silencing and chromatin-immunoprecipitation. Results and Conclusions: Affymetrix gene array analysis revealed increased NOX4 and reduced SOD2 expression in SSc and IPF fibroblasts. SOD2 silencing in non-ILD control fibroblasts induced a profibrotic phenotype. TGF-ß increased NOX4 and inhibited SOD2 expression, while increasing ROS production and myofibroblast differentiation. JQ1 reversed the TGF-ß-mediated NOX4/SOD2 imbalance and Nrf2 inactivation and attenuated ROS production and myofibroblast differentiation. The BET proteins Brd3 and Brd4 were shown to bind to the NOX4 promoter and drive TGF-ß-induced NOX4 expression. Our data indicate a critical role of BET proteins in promoting redox imbalance and pulmonary myofibroblast activation and support BET bromodomain inhibitors as a potential therapy for fibrotic lung disease.


Assuntos
Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/genética , NADPH Oxidase 4/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética , Escleroderma Sistêmico/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Azepinas/farmacologia , Desdiferenciação Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Epigênese Genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/complicações , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/patologia , Pulmão/metabolismo , Pulmão/patologia , Miofibroblastos/metabolismo , Miofibroblastos/patologia , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Oxirredução , RNA Interferente Pequeno/farmacologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/patologia , Superóxido Dismutase/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/farmacologia , Triazóis/farmacologia
13.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(10)2019 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31137784

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Liver fibrosis is the excessive accumulation of extracellular matrix proteins, including collagen, which occurs in most types of chronic liver diseases. Advanced liver fibrosis results in cirrhosis, liver failure, and portal hypertension. Activated hepatic perivascular stellate cells, portal fibroblasts, and myofibroblasts of bone marrow origin have been identified as major collagen-producing cells in the injured liver. These cells are activated by fibrogenic cytokines, such as TGF-ß1. The inhibition of TGF-ß1 function or synthesis is a major target for the development of antifibrotic therapies. Our previous study showed that the water and ethanol extracts of Graptopetalum paraguayense (GP), a Chinese herbal medicine, can prevent dimethylnitrosamine (DMN)-induced hepatic inflammation and fibrosis in rats. METHODS: We used rat hepatic stellate HSC-T6 cells and a diethylnitrosamine (DEN)-induced rat liver injury model to test the potential mechanism of GP extracts and its fraction, HH-F3. RESULTS: We demonstrated that GP extracts and HH-F3 downregulated the expression levels of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins and inhibited the proliferation and migration via suppression of the TGF-ß1 pathway in rat hepatic stellate HSC-T6 cells. Moreover, the HH-F3 fraction decreased hepatic collagen content and reduced plasma AST, ALT, and γ-GT activities in a DEN-induced rat liver injury model, suggesting that GP/HH-F3 has hepatoprotective effects against DEN-induced liver fibrosis. CONCLUSION: These findings indicate that GP/HH-F3 may be a potential therapeutic agent for the treatment of liver fibrosis. The inhibition of TGF-ß-mediated fibrogenesis may be a central mechanism by which GP/HH-F3 protects the liver from injury.


Assuntos
Crassulaceae/química , Cirrose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Colágeno/genética , Colágeno/metabolismo , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/genética , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Células Estreladas do Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Estreladas do Fígado/metabolismo , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Transdução de Sinais , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/genética
14.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(10)2019 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31137788

RESUMO

Application of chondroreparative gene vectors in cartilage defects is a powerful approach to directly stimulate the regenerative activities of bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) that repopulate such lesions. Here, we investigated the ability of combined recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) vector-mediated delivery of the potent transforming growth factor beta (TGF-ß) and insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) to enhance the processes of chondrogenic differentiation in human MSCs (hMSCs) relative to individual candidate treatments and to reporter (lacZ) gene condition. The rAAV-hTGF-ß and rAAV-hIGF-I vectors were simultaneously provided to hMSC aggregate cultures (TGF-ß/IGF-I condition) in chondrogenic medium over time (21 days) versus TGF-ß/lacZ, IGF-I/lacZ, and lacZ treatments at equivalent vector doses. The cultures were then processed to monitor transgene (co)-overexpression, the levels of biological activities in the cells (cell proliferation, matrix synthesis), and the development of a chondrogenic versus osteogenic/hypertrophic phenotype. Effective, durable co-overexpression of TGF-ß with IGF-I via rAAV enhanced the proliferative, anabolic, and chondrogenic activities in hMSCs versus lacZ treatment and reached levels that were higher than those achieved upon single candidate gene transfer, while osteogenic/hypertrophic differentiation was delayed over the period of time evaluated. These findings demonstrate the potential of manipulating multiple therapeutic rAAV vectors as a tool to directly target bone-marrow-derived MSCs in sites of focal cartilage defects and to locally enhance the endogenous processes of cartilage repair.


Assuntos
Condrócitos/metabolismo , Condrogênese , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/genética , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/genética , Diferenciação Celular , Células Cultivadas , Condrócitos/citologia , Técnicas de Transferência de Genes , Vetores Genéticos/genética , Humanos , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Parvovirinae/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo
15.
BMC Cancer ; 19(1): 453, 2019 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31092242

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori infection is recognized as the main risk factor for gastric cancer (GC), the fifth most common neoplasia worldwide. H. pylori interacts with the immune system, disrupting the cytokine network and inducing chronic inflammation. This work aimed to evaluate the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in selected cytokine gene promoters and GC. METHODS: The study included 359 subjects, 125 GC patients, 109 intestinal metaplasia (IM) patients and 125 asymptomatic controls. DNA was extracted from white blood cells and nine SNPs in cytokine gene promoters were genotyped using predesigned 5'-endonulease assays. The association of the SNPs with IM and GC was evaluated using multinomial regression models. RESULTS: Both genotypes, TC (OR = 0.51, 95% CI = 0.27-0.98) and TT (OR = 0.42, 95% CI = 0.20-0.91) in the locus - 509 of the TGF-ß promoter were significantly associated with GC. The TT genotype in the locus - 819 of the IL-10 promoter was also significantly associated with GC (OR = 0.37, 95% CI = 0.17-0.81). No significant association was found with SNPs IL-4 -590 T/C (rs1800629), IL-6 -573G/C (rs1800796), IL-10 -592C/A (rs1800872), IL-10 -1082A/G (rs1800896), and, IFN-γ -1615C/T (rs2069705). CONCLUSIONS: SNPs in TGFß (- 509 C/T, rs1800469) and IL-10 (- 819 C/T, rs1800871) promoters were associated with a lower risk for GC in a Mexican population.


Assuntos
Interleucina-10/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/genética , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , México , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Adulto Jovem
16.
Mol Med Rep ; 20(1): 205-215, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31115522

RESUMO

Tendon adhesion is a substantial challenge for tendon repair. Thermal pretreatment (TP) may decrease inflammation by upregulating heat shock proteins (HSPs). The present study intends to identify the function that TP serves when combined with HSP70 overexpression in tendon healing and adhesion in rats. Sprague­Dawley male rats were used to establish a surgically ablative tendon postoperative suture model, and the positive expression of the HSP70 protein was measured using immunohistochemistry. Changes to the blood vessels and collagenous fiber, in addition to the maximum tensile strength and the tendon sliding distance, were detected under a microscope. Finally, HSP70, tumor growth factor ß (TGF­ß), and insulin­like growth factor 1 (IGF­1) mRNA and protein levels were all determined by employing reverse transcription­quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis methods. The positive expression of the HSP70 protein increased following TP. Furthermore, TP reduced the infiltration of inflammatory cells and improved the collagenous arrangement, accompanied by an increased maximum tensile force and tendon gliding distance following surgery. In addition, TP increased the mRNA and protein expression levels of HSP70, TGF­ß and IGF­1. Altogether, TP increases HSP70 expression, thereby reducing postoperative traumatic inflammation and establishing tendon adhesion and promoting tendon healing. Thus, TP may be a potential strategy for the treatment of tendon adhesion.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP70/genética , Tendões/cirurgia , Aderências Teciduais/terapia , Animais , Vasos Sanguíneos/metabolismo , Vasos Sanguíneos/patologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/genética , Temperatura Alta/uso terapêutico , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/genética , Masculino , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Ratos , Técnicas de Sutura , Tendões/metabolismo , Tendões/patologia , Resistência à Tração , Aderências Teciduais/genética , Aderências Teciduais/patologia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/genética
18.
Gene ; 707: 36-43, 2019 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30930226

RESUMO

Muscle LIM protein (MLP/CSRP3/CRP3) is a microtubule-associated protein preferentially expressed in cardiac and skeletal muscle and has a central role during muscle development and for architectural maintenance of muscle cells. LIM-domain proteins act as both modulators and downstream targets of TGF-ß signaling, which is well documented to negatively regulate differentiation of myogenic precursor cells or myoblasts. Herein, we determined whether CSRP3 regulates chicken satellite cell proliferation and differentiation in vitro, and examined its mechanism of action by focusing on the TGF-ß signaling pathway. Interference of CSRP3 mRNA expression had no effect on the proliferation of satellite cells, but significantly inhibited satellite cell differentiation into myotubes at 24, 48, and 72 h after initiation of differentiation. However, CSRP3 overexpression did not affect the proliferation or differentiation of satellite cells. Moreover, knockdown of CSRP3 caused up-regulation of TGF-ß and Smad3 mRNA and protein levels. The phosphorylation of Smad3 in CSRP3-knockdown cells was greater than that in wild-type cells at 24, 48, and 72 h after initiation of differentiation. Collectively, knockdown of CSRP3 suppressed chicken satellite cell differentiation by regulating Smad3 phosphorylation in the TGF-ß signaling pathway. Our results indicate that CSRP3 might play an important role in promoting satellite cell differentiation in chicken.


Assuntos
Proteínas com Domínio LIM/genética , Proteínas Musculares/genética , Células Satélites de Músculo Esquelético/citologia , Proteína Smad3/genética , Proteína Smad3/metabolismo , Animais , Diferenciação Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Galinhas , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Fosforilação , Células Satélites de Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo
19.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; 7(5): e640, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30968605

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: One of the major problems in wound healing is scar formation; however, there are few ways to prevent or treat it. Different species of Achillea are used to treat wounds in folk medicine from the past but there are few studies on the effect of it on wound healing and inhibition of scar formation. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Achillea biebersteinii Afan hydroethanolic extract on the expression of TGFß1 and bFGF as effective growth factors of wound healing in mouse embryonic fibroblast cells. METHODS: Mouse embryonic fibroblast cells were exposed to different concentrations of Achillea extract at two different time (12 and 24 hr); the expression of TGFß1 and bFGF was performed by real-time-PCR and ELISA at the level of gene and protein. RESULTS: It was observed that the plant extract at 5 and 10 µg/ml downregulated the expression of TGFß1 and upregulated the expression of bFGF at the level of gene and protein. CONCLUSION: The results showed that the pattern of changes in the expression of TGFß1 and bFGF by Achillea biebersteinni Afan extract may inhibit scar formation.


Assuntos
Achillea/química , Cicatriz/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Animais , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/genética , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/fisiologia , Camundongos , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo
20.
Tumour Biol ; 41(4): 1010428319846803, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31018830

RESUMO

Mesenchymal stem cells have therapeutic properties that are related to their potentials for trans-differentiation, immunomodulation, anti-inflammatory, inhibitory effect on tumor proliferation, and induction of apoptosis. This study was performed to analyze the role of mesenchymal stem cells as an alternative for cellular signaling growth factors involved in the pathogenesis of leukemogenesis in rats. Treatment of rats with 7,12-dimethyl benz [a] anthracene induced leukemogenesis appeared as a significant decrease in hematological parameters with concomitant significant increase in bone marrow oxidative and inflammatory indices (transforming growth factor beta and interleukin-6) in comparison with normal groups. On the contrary, Western immunoblotting showed a significant increase in the signaling growth factors: PI3K, AKT, mTOR proteins and a significant decrease in PTEN in 7,12-dimethyl benz [a] anthracene-treated group. In addition, a significant increase in the transcript levels of B cell lymphoma-2 protein gene in the 7,12-dimethyl benz [a] anthracene group, while that of C-X-C motif chemokine receptor-4 and B cell lymphoma-2 protein associated x-protein were significantly downregulated compared to controls. Meanwhile, therapeutic mesenchymal stem cells treatment predict a significant improvement versus 7,12-dimethyl benz [a] anthracene group through the modulation of growth factors that confront bone marrow dysplasia. In the same direction treatment of 7,12-dimethyl benz [a] anthracene group with mesenchymal stem cells, it induced apoptosis and increased the homing efficacy to bone marrow. In conclusion, mesenchymal stem cells improve hematopoiesis and alleviate inflammation, and modulated PI3K/AKT signaling pathway contributed to experimental leukemogenesis.


Assuntos
Leucemia/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Proteína Oncogênica v-akt/genética , 9,10-Dimetil-1,2-benzantraceno/toxicidade , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Células da Medula Óssea/patologia , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Leucemia/induzido quimicamente , Leucemia/genética , Leucemia/patologia , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Ratos , Transdução de Sinais , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/genética
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