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1.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(16): 3812-3818, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893575

RESUMO

The current study was conducted to explore the effects of light intensity in cultivating environment on the cleaning away heat property of Viola yedoensis. In the present study, we established the acute inflammation model of ICR mice by injecting carrageenan. We compared the effects of V. yedoensis grown under different light intensities(100%, 80%, 50%, 35% and 5% of full sunlight) on mice body temperature, thermal radiation and the swelling degree of foot tissue before and after modeling observing by thermal infrared imaging technique and weighing method. The changes of energy metabolism related enzymes in liver were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). In addition, the effects of V. yedoensis grown under different light intensities on human lung cancer cell A549 proliferation were explored with MTT method. The results showed that the body temperature of all groups of mice in V. yedoensis group were significantly lower than that of the blank group, except 5% full sunlight group, and the body temperature declined in positive proportion to light intensity. V. yedoensis group could alleviate foot swelling, reduce SDH activity in liver tissue(especially 100% full sunlight group and 80% full sunlight group were significantly lower than model group), and the degree of alleviating and reducing was positively correlated with light intensity. There was no significant difference in the activity of Na~+-K~+-ATPase and Ca~(2+)-Mg~(2+)-ATPase in liver tissue among treatments. The contents of IL-1ß, IL-6, TNF-α, PGE_2 in foot tissue of mice in V. yedoensis groups were significantly lower than those in model group. Among them, the lowest levels of IL-1ß, IL-6, TNF-α, PGE_2 were found in 80% full sunlight group, and there was no significant difference in TNF-α among different groups. The effects of V. yedoensis aqueous extract on A549 cell line proliferation inhibition rate increased with the light intensities of V. yedoensis cultivating environment. And the effects of V. yedoensis grown under 100% of full sunlight showed significantly higher A549 cell line proliferation inhibition rate compared with other groups(P<0.05). In summary, the light intensity of V. yedoensis cultivating environment is positively correlated with the cleaning away heat property of V. yedoensis, which conforms to the "light-cold and heat property" hypothesis,The V. yedoensis should be planted under full light according.


Assuntos
Viola , Animais , Temperatura Alta , Inflamação , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
2.
Front Immunol ; 11: 1844, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32903555

RESUMO

With the onset of the global pandemic in 2020 of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), there has been increasing research activity around certain disease-modifying drugs that are used for the management of inflammatory disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis, spondyloarthrosis, psoriatic arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and inflammatory bowel disease for managing coronavirus symptoms. In the conditions mentioned, many people are on long-term treatment with agents including hydroxychloroquine, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) inhibitor drugs, other biologic agents such as monoclonal antibodies to IL-6 and Janus kinase inhibitors including baricitinib and tofacitinib, which are used to control inflammatory responses in their respective auto-immune condition. There is emerging data that immunomodulatory drugs could be protective at reducing certain features of SARS-CoV-2 and improving recovery. In addition, it is important to understand if subjects being treated with the immunomodulatory agents described have a less severe SARS-CoV-2 infection, as they are deemed some protection from their immunomodulatory treatment, or if they develop infections similar to non-immunocompromised patients. There is a huge unmet clinical need to advise patients responsibly about whether they should remain on their immunomodulatory treatment or not in light of Covid-19 infection. In this article we will discuss potential treatment options for SARS-CoV-2 using immunomodulatory drugs and at what stage of the condition they may be beneficial. Viable treatment options during the global coronavirus pandemic are a much-needed and an intensely active area of research.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Betacoronavirus/efeitos dos fármacos , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Imunomodulação/efeitos dos fármacos , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Colchicina/uso terapêutico , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/tratamento farmacológico , Citocinas/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Hidroxicloroquina/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Janus Quinases/uso terapêutico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Fatores de Risco , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores
3.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(35): 2779-2784, 2020 Sep 22.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32972060

RESUMO

Objectives: To investigated whether berberine could ameliorate septic cardiomyopathy in a rat model of sepsis and it's mechanisms. Methods: SD rats were divided into 3 groups: sepsis group (LPS group), rats were intraperitoneal injected of LPS (10 mg/kg); Berberine intervention group (Ber group), Ber (50 mg/kg, one time per day) was gavage fed 3 days before intraperitoneally injection of lipopolysaccharides (LPS); control group (Con group), rats were gavage fed with double distilled water (2 ml/100 g, one time per day) 3 days before intraperitoneal injection of normal saline (1 ml/100 g). LPS group and the Ber group was further divided into 3 subgroups (n=6), and the follow-up experiments were conducted at 6 h, 24 h and 48 h after LPS injection (of which 48 h subgroup rats were gavage fed with Ber/saline at 24 h). Left ventricular systolic pressure (LVSP), left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP), and the maximum rate of change of left ventricular pressure (±dp/dtmax) were monitored, the level of cardiac troponin T (cTnT), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-1ß was detected by ELISA method, HE staining of myocardial tissues was done to observe myocardial injury; Western blotting method was used to detect the expression of toll-like receptor 4(TLR4) protein in rat myocardial tissue, the level of myocardial cell nucleus protein p65 was detected to reflects the degree of NF-κB activation. The correlation of factors was analyzed with Pearson correlation analysis. Results: Pre-treatment with berberine stabilized cardiac hemodynamics and improved the systolic function and diastolic function in the heart of LPS-induced rats, as evidenced by the partial recovery of the reduced±dp/dtmax and LVSP, as well as the decreased LVEDP. Compared with the LPS group, the Ber group showed improved myocardial injury, as demonstrated by decreased cTnT at each time point. HE staining results showed that berberine decreased inflammatory cell infiltration and LPS-induced cell swelling. These effects were observed early at 6 hours, severe at 24 hours, and become more serious at 48 hours after LPS injection. Further, TLR4 and NF-κB p65 subunits, which were the two key factors of the TLR4/NF-κB signaling, were upregulated in the LPS group and attenuated in the Ber group. Consistently, the expression levels of the downstream cytokines TNF-α and IL-1ß were lower in the Ber group than those in the LPS group (all P<0.05). Myocardial injury markers were positively correlated with the markers of TLR4/NF-κB signals and the downstream host inflammatory factors (all P<0.05). Conclusions: Berberine can improve myocardial injury and cardiac function in sepsis rats, the mechanism is considered to be related to that it can inhibit the activation of TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway induced by LPS and further reducing the production of TNF-α and IL-1ß.


Assuntos
Berberina/uso terapêutico , Sepse , Animais , Lipopolissacarídeos , NF-kappa B , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
4.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(35): 2785-2790, 2020 Sep 22.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32972061

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of mild hypothermia therapy on liver after cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Methods: Thirty-three inbred Chinese Wuzhishan (WZS) minipigs, weighted (28±2) kg, were used to establish a ventricular fibrillation model. And 30 animals survived after cardiopulmonary resuscitation reached basic life support. The surviving animals were randomly divided into two groups: mild hypothermia group (group M, n=15) and conventional treatment group (group C, n=15). All the animals were observed for 24 hours. Blood samples were extracted at baseline, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 6, 12 and 24 h after successful resuscitation. The concentrations of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) were detected at the time points. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the concentrations of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α). The data were compared between the two groups, LSD test was used when the variance was homogeneous, and Tamhane T2 test was used when the variance was uneven. Results: Eleven pigs (73.3%) in the group M and 8(53.3%) in the group C survived at 24 h after successful resuscitation, with no statistically significant difference between the two groups (χ(2)=1.229, P=0.225). After successful resuscitation, the AST, ALT increased in both group but less in M group (all P<0.05). After successful resuscitation, the concentrations of TFN-α and IL-6 in the blood increased in both groups, reached the peak at 4h, and then decreased gradually. The concentrations of TFN-α in group M were lower than those in group C at 0.5, 2, 4 and 6 h after successful resuscitation (t=0.01, 0.01, 0.87, 0.86, all P<0.05). The concentrations of IL-6 in the group M were lower than those in group C at 0.5, 1, 2 and 4 h after successful resuscitation (t=0.23, 0.78, 0.11, 0.80, all P<0.05). Conclusions: After successful resuscitation, the release of inflammatory mediators, such as TNF-α and IL-6, and cell apoptosis may involve in liver ischemia reperfusion injury. After successful resuscitation, the liver undergoes ischemia-reperfusion injury, which may be related to the release of inflammatory mediators such as TNF-α and IL-6. Mild hypothermia therapy can prevent the release of TNF-α, IL-6 to reduce the degree of liver damage after resuscitation.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar , Hipotermia Induzida , Hipotermia , Animais , Fígado , Suínos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Fibrilação Ventricular
5.
J Environ Pathol Toxicol Oncol ; 39(3): 235-245, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32865915

RESUMO

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is an intractable ailment, in which may chronic inflammations/ulcerations may develop in the mucosal lining of the colon with multiple recurrences. Various drugs such as steroids, immunosuppressants, and antibiotics are extensively used to treat UC. The patients suffer from adverse effects of these advanced drugs. So, they need a harmless therapeutic agent from natural sources. The therapeutic D-carvone has an anti-inflammatory action against the investigational colon cancer models. Therefore, we analyzed the effect of D-carvone on dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) provoked colitis model in mice as follows: Group I: noncolitis healthy control mice; Group II: ulcerative colitis mice models; Group III: D-carvone (40 mg/kg) + ulcerative colitis models; Group IV: sulfasalazine (50 mg/kg) + ulcerative colitis models. On the 8th day, the experimental study was terminated and serum samples and colon tissues were processed for further analysis. The effect of D-carvone at different concentration was studied on the LPS challenged RAW 264.7 cell lines. The D-carvone (40 mg/kg) treatment maintained the colon length and decreased disease activity index (DAI) score in UC animals. The increased antioxidant enzymes status and decreased oxidative stress and pro-inflammatory markers were noted in the D-carvone (40 mg/ kg) + UC mice. Histopathological study of colon tissue of D-carvone (40 mg/kg) treated UC mice displayed less mucosal damage and improved crypt integrity and goblet cells compared with DSS only provoked mice. The im-munohistochemical expression of iNOS and COX-2 was drastically diminished in the D-carvone treated UC mice. D-carvone (40 mg/kg) treatment appreciably diminished the LPS provoked NO production and pro-inflammatory modulators in the RAW 264.7 macrophage cell lines. These findings proved that D-carvone has a potential therapeutic effect to prevent LPS induced inflammation in in vitro cells and chemically induced ulcerative colitis in vivo models.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Monoterpenos Cicloexânicos/uso terapêutico , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/administração & dosagem , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Colite Ulcerativa/imunologia , Colite Ulcerativa/patologia , Colo/efeitos dos fármacos , Colo/imunologia , Colo/patologia , Monoterpenos Cicloexânicos/administração & dosagem , Sulfato de Dextrana , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Lipopolissacarídeos , Macrófagos/imunologia , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/metabolismo , Células RAW 264.7
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(33): e21667, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32872031

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study will explore the association between tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) and uterine fibroids (UFs). METHODS: We will retrieve electronic databases in Cochrane Library, PUBMED, EMBASE, Web of Science, WANGFANG, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure from inception to the present. All potential case-controlled studies investigating the association between TNF-α and UFs will be included in this study. Two researchers will independently select literature, appraise study quality, and extract outcome data. We will utilize a fixed-effects model or a random-effects model to synthesize outcome data. All data analysis will be performed by RevMan 5.3 software. RESULTS: The present study will supply high-quality synthesis and/or descriptive analysis of the recent evidence to explore the association between TNF-α and UFs. CONCLUSION: This study will exert evidence to determine whether or not TNF-α is associated with UFs. STUDY REGISTRATION NUMBER: INPLASY202070010.


Assuntos
Leiomioma/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Neoplasias Uterinas/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
7.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 43(9): 772-777, 2020 Sep 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32894911

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the therapeutic effect of carnosine and dexamethasone in lung injury caused by seawater drowning. Methods: The in vitro experiments with A549 cells were divided into 5 groups: blank control group (C), seawater injury group (S), seawater injury+dexamethasone treatment group (S+D), seawater injury+carnosine treatment group (S+C), seawater injury dexamethasone and carnosine combined therapy(S+D+C) group. The optimal therapeutic dose of drugs for the treatment of seawater drowning lung injury was tested in vitro. Based on the optimal dose, the levels of TNF-α and IL-6 in each group at different time points were detected at the cell level by ELISA. The level of apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry. The in vivo experiments with SD rats were randomly divided into 5 groups (n=8 each): blank control group (RC),seawater drowning injury group (RS),seawater drowning injury+dexamethasone treatment group (RSD),seawater drowning injury+carnosine treatment group (RSC),seawater drowning injury+dexamethasone+carnosine combined treatment group (RSDC). The animal model with seawater inhalation acute lung injury was made by intratracheal infusion (4 ml/kg). The pathological changes of the lungs were observed. The expression of superoxide dismutase (SOD) in each group was detected by Western blot. Results: The results of in vitro experiments showed significant increase of apoptosis after seawater injury. The normal cell rate in group C was 98.3% while the apoptosis rate was 1.7%. The normal cell in group S was 18.8%, and the apoptosis rate was 81% (P<0.01). TNF-α and IL-6 levels in group S increased to 180.25 ng/L and 61.56 ng/L, respectively, which were statistically significant compared with group C (P<0.01). After drug protection, apoptosis was reduced in S+D group, S+C group and S+D+C group, with apoptosis rates of 65.4%, 70.9% and 42.6%, respectively. The contents of TNF-α and IL-6 also decreased in the S+D+C group (P<0.01). The results of in vivo experiments showed obvious lung injury and disordered lung tissue structures in the RS group at 4 h after modeling. There was hemorrhage in the pulmonary interstitium and a large number of inflammatory cells. Results of western blot showed that the expression of SOD increased in the RS group. Compared with RS group, the treatment alleviated acute lung injury and decreased the expression level of SOD in RSD, RSC and RSDC groups (P<0.01). Conclusion: Dexamethasone and carnosine reduced the influence of seawater inhalation on the lung in the rat model. The positive effect of combination of these two drugs on lung injury caused by seawater inhalation was stronger than a single drug.


Assuntos
Afogamento , Lesão Pulmonar , Animais , Carnosina , Dexametasona , Pulmão , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Água do Mar , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(38): e22241, 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957369

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Quercetin, a major flavonol, wildly exists in plantage, which has been reported to have an anti-apoptosis and anti-inflammation effects on vascular endothelial cells, but its underlying molecular mechanisms remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanisms of how quercetin inhibits tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) induced human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) apoptosis and inflammation. METHODS AND RESULTS: HUVECs were preconditioned with quercetin for 18 hours, and subsequently treated with TNF-α for 6 hours to induce apoptosis. The expression of intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1), E-selectin, ß-actin mRNA was then detected by RT-PCR. Flow cytometry was used to estimate the apoptosis rates, and the expression of activator protein 1 (AP-1) and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) was measured by Western blot. TNF-α induced elevated apoptosis rates and upregulation of VCAM-1, ICAM-1, and E-selectin were meaningfully reduced in HUVECs by pretreatment with quercetin. In addition, quercetin also inhibited the activation of AP-1and NF-κB. CONCLUSION: Results indicate that quercetin could suppress TNF-α induced apoptosis and inflammation by blocking NF-κB and AP-1 signaling pathway in HUVECs, which might be one of the underlying mechanisms in treatment of coronary heart disease.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/citologia , Inflamação/prevenção & controle , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Quercetina/farmacologia , Fator de Transcrição AP-1/metabolismo , Regulação para Baixo , Selectina E/metabolismo , Humanos , Inflamação/metabolismo , Inflamação/patologia , Molécula 1 de Adesão Intercelular/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/farmacologia , Molécula 1 de Adesão de Célula Vascular/metabolismo
9.
J Int Med Res ; 48(9): 300060520955037, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32960106

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The roles of inflammation and hypercoagulation in predicting outcomes of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are unclear. METHODS: Adult patients diagnosed with COVID-19 from 28 January 2020 to 4 March 2020 in Tongji Hospital, Wuhan were recruited. Data on related parameters were collected. Univariate analysis and multivariable binary logistic regression were used to explore predictors of critical illness and mortality. RESULTS: In total, 199 and 44 patients were enrolled in the training and testing sets, respectively. Elevated ferritin, tumor necrosis factor-α and D-dimer and decreased albumin concentration were associated with disease severity. Older age, elevated ferritin and elevated interleukin-6 were associated with 28-day mortality. The FAD-85 score, defined as age + 0.01 * ferritin +D-dimer, was used to predict risk of mortality. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of FAD-85 were 86.4%, 81.8% and 86.4%, respectively. A nomogram was established using age, ferritin and D-dimer to predict the risk of 28-day mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Thrombo-inflammatory parameters provide key information on the severity and prognosis of COVID-19 and can be used as references for clinical treatment to correct inflammatory and coagulation abnormalities.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Coagulação Intravascular Disseminada/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Trombose/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Coagulação Intravascular Disseminada/complicações , Coagulação Intravascular Disseminada/diagnóstico , Coagulação Intravascular Disseminada/virologia , Feminino , Ferritinas/sangue , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/metabolismo , Humanos , Interleucina-6/sangue , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Prognóstico , Projetos de Pesquisa , Estudos Retrospectivos , Albumina Sérica/metabolismo , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Análise de Sobrevida , Trombose/complicações , Trombose/diagnóstico , Trombose/virologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
10.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 42(4): 468-476, 2020 Aug 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32895098

RESUMO

Objective To establish an improved animal model of sepsis induced by cecal ligation and puncture(CLP). Methods Ninety-six male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into sham operation group(n=24),intubation group(n=24),CLP group(n=24),and CLP+intubation group(n=24).The mortality rate,abdominal cavity condition,pathological changes and pathological scores of heart,lungs,liver,and kidneys of rats in each group were observed after modeling.Blood samples were obtained from the inferior vena cava for measuring the whole blood cells(WBC)and platelets(PLT)counts and analyzing serum interleukin(IL)-6,tumor necrosis factor(TNF)-α,serum troponin T(cTnT),creatine kinase-MB(CK-MB),alanine aminotransferase(ALT),aspartate aminotransferase(AST),total bilirubin(TBIL),creatinine(CREA),and blood urea nitrogen(BUN)levels.Blood gas analysis of the aorta was also performed. Results The mortality rates 24 h after modeling were 0 in sham operation group and intubation group,20.8% in CLP group,and 54.2% in CLP+intubation group.Pathologically,swelling and inflammatory cell infiltration in the heart,lungs,liver,and kidneys were seen in the CLP+intubation group,inflammatory cell infiltration in a single organ was seen in most rats in the CLP group,and no obvious swelling and infiltration of inflammatory cells was observed in the sham-operation group and intubation group.The myocardial histopathology score,lung tissue injury pathology score,and kidney tissue injury pathology score in both the sham-operation group and the intubation group were significantly lower than those in the CLP group and the CLP+intubation group(all P=0.000).TNF-α,PaO2,CK-MB,cTnT,AST,TBIL,BUN,and CREA were significantly different between sham-operation group and intubation group/CLP group/CLP+intubation group and between intubation group and CLP group/CLP+intubation group(all P=0.000).The pH level was significantly different between sham operation group and intubation group/CLP group,between intubation group and CLP group/CLP+intubate group(all P=0.000). Conclusions Although both CLP and CLP+intubation can well mimic the pathophysiological mechanism of sepsis in rats,multiple organ dysfunction occurs in the latter.Thus,CLP+intubation can establish animal models of multiple organ dysfunction caused by sepsis induced by clinically effective abdominal infection.


Assuntos
Sepse , Animais , Aspartato Aminotransferases , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Ligadura , Masculino , Punções , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(35): e21888, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871918

RESUMO

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a prototypic autoimmune disease with considerable genetic predisposition. Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor family pyrin domain-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) is crucial for the innate immunity and implicated in SLE pathogenesis. Accordingly, we conducted a case-control study to find the association of NLRP3 variations with SLE susceptibility and disease activity.Three single nucleotide polymorphisms of NLRP3 (rs3806268, rs4612666, and rs10754558) were genotyped in 400 SLE patients and 400 healthy controls; the patients were further divided into mild-to-moderate or high disease activity subgroup. Serum cytokines, complements, and autoantibodies were also detected.We found that rs4612666 TT genotype conferred a higher risk of severe disease activity with adjusted odds ratio = 2.08, P = .02 and adjusted odds ratio  = 2.34, P = .01 in the codominant and recessive model, respectively. Nevertheless, there was no association between the 3 single nucleotide polymorphisms of NLRP3 gene and SLE susceptibility. In addition, C4 decreased significantly in rs3806268 GG (P < .001) and rs4612666 TT genotype carriers (P = .03). A higher trend of interleukin-1ß and interleukin-γ release were identified in rs3806268 AA and rs10754558 CC genotype carriers, respectively.NLRP3 polymorphisms are associated with SLE disease activity and hypocomplementemia. Interleukin-1ß and interleukin-γ levels in SLE patients are correlated with NLRP3 variants as well.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/genética , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Complemento C4/metabolismo , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Humanos , Subunidade gama Comum de Receptores de Interleucina/sangue , Interleucina-1beta/sangue , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/sangue , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue , Adulto Jovem
12.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 45(8): 617-22, 2020 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32869570

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) of acupoint group for "reinforcing the kidney and regulating Governor Vessel" and acopoint group for "reinforcing the kidney and lung and regulating Governor Vessel" on lear-ning-memory ability and expression of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) proteins in the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex (PFC) in Alzheimer's disease (AD) rats, so as to explore the efficacy of the two acupoint groups and mechanisms underlying improvement of AD. METHODS: Forty male SD rats were randomly divided into control, sham operation, model, "Baihui" + "Shenshu" (GV20+BL23, for "reinforcing the kidney and regulating Governor Vessel") EA and GV20+BL23+ "Feishu" (BL13, GV20+BL23+BL13, for "reinforcing the kidney and lung and regulating Governor Vessel") EA groups (n=8 rats in each group). The AD model was established by bilateral injection of amyloid ß peptide (Aß25-35,10 µL) into bilateral hippocampus, and rats of the sham operation group received injection of normal saline. After successful establishment of the model,EA (2 Hz, 2 mA) was applied to these acupoints for 15 min, once daily for 10 days. Then, the learning-memory ability was assessed by using Morris water maze tests, and the expression levels of TNF-α and IL-1ß proteins in the PFC and hippocampus tissues were detected by using Western blot. RESULTS: Following modeling, the average escape latency of place navigation test were significantly increased (P<0.05) and the platform crossing times of spatial probe test was significantly decreased in the model group than in the control and sham operation groups (P<0.05). The expression levels of IL-1ß and TNF-α proteins in the PFC and hippocampus were apparently up-regulated in the model group than in the control and the sham operation groups (P<0.000 1, P<0.001, P<0.01). After the intervention, the increase of the average escape latency and expression of IL-1ß and TNF-α in the PFC and hippocampus, and the decrease of space exploration test were revised in both GV20+BL23 EA and GV20+BL23+BL13 EA groups (P<0.05,P<0.01). No significant differences were found between the GV20+BL23 and GV20+BL23+BL13 EA groups in the above mentioned indexes (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: EA of both GV20+BL23 and GV20+BL23+BL13 acupoint can improve learning-memory ability of AD rats, which is associated with their effects in down-regulating the expression of IL-1ß and TNF-α in the PFC and hippocampus to reduce inflammatory reaction. There were no significant differences between the two acupoint groups in the therapeutic effects.


Assuntos
Pontos de Acupuntura , Doença de Alzheimer , Eletroacupuntura , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides , Animais , Hipocampo , Interleucina-1beta , Masculino , Córtex Pré-Frontal , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
13.
J Toxicol Sci ; 45(9): 559-567, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879255

RESUMO

Lead is a main threat to human health due to its neurotoxicity and the astrocyte is known to be a common deposit site of lead in vivo. However, the detailed mechanisms related to lead exposure in the astrocytes were unclear. In order to deeply investigate this issue, we used Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats and astrocytes isolated from the hippocampus of SD rats to establish the lead-exposed animal and cell models through treating with lead acetate. The expression levels of GFAP, LC3, and p62 in the rat hippocampus were detected by immunofluorescence and Western blot after lead exposure. The effects of autophagy on lead-exposed astrocytes were studied by further autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine (3-MA) induction. Transmission electron microscopy was used to observe autophagosomes in astrocytes after lead acetate treatment, followed by assessing related autophagy protein markers. In addition, some inflammatory cytokines and oxidative stress markers were also evaluated after lead exposure and 3-MA administration. We found that lead exposure induced activation of astrocytes, as evidenced by increased GFAP levels and GFAP-positive staining cells in the rat hippocampus. Moreover, lead exposure induced autophagy in astrocytes, as evidenced by increased LC3II and Beclin 1 protein levels and decreased p62 expression in both the rat hippocampus and astrocytes, and it was confirmed that this autophagy was activated through blocking the downstream Akt/target of the rapamycin (mTOR) pathway in astrocytes. Furthermore, it was shown that treatment of lead acetate increased the release of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), and the accumulation of malondialdehyde (MDA) and myeloperoxidase (MPO) in astrocytes, which could be alleviated by further 3-MA induction. Therefore, we conclude that lead exposure can induce the autophagy of astrocytes via blocking the Akt/mTOR pathway, leading to accelerated release of inflammatory factors and oxidative stress indicators in astrocytes.


Assuntos
Astrócitos/metabolismo , Astrócitos/fisiologia , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Autofagia/genética , Compostos Organometálicos/toxicidade , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Proteína Glial Fibrilar Ácida/genética , Proteína Glial Fibrilar Ácida/metabolismo , Hipocampo/citologia , Interleucina-1beta/genética , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Masculino , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/genética , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/genética , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(39): e22012, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991404

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Traditional Chinese medicine injections (TCMJ) used in the treatment of severe pneumonia have been widely implemented in clinical practice, but their overall efficacy and safety remain unclear. This paper aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of TCMJ in the treatment of severe pneumonia. METHODS: PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, WanFang, and the Chongqing VIP Chinese Science and Technology Periodical Database were all searched for randomized controlled trials focusing on the administration of TCMJ for severe pneumonia. Two researchers independently screened titles, abstracts, full texts, and extracted relevant data. The RevMan 5.3 software (The Cochrane Collaboration, Software Update, Oxford, UK) and Stata 14 software (STATA Corporation, College Station, TX) were used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: This study summarizes the related randomized controlled trials to assess the effect and safety of TCMJ in the treatment of severe pneumonia. CONCLUSION: This article provides theoretical support for the clinical application of TCMJ in the treatment of severe pneumonia. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42020185072.


Assuntos
Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Pneumonia/terapia , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Humanos , Injeções , Interleucina-6/sangue , Tempo de Internação , Contagem de Leucócitos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/efeitos adversos , Pneumonia/mortalidade , Pró-Calcitonina/biossíntese , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Respiração Artificial , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
15.
Life Sci ; 259: 118382, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32898532

RESUMO

AIM: Vancomycin (VCM) is a glycopeptide antibiotic widely used to treat serious infections caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and has been associated with some severe side effects such as hepatotoxicity and nephrotoxicity. However, the underlying mechanism of VCM-induced hepatotoxicity is not yet fully understood. Therefore, the current study was designed to evaluate the protective effects of zingerone (Zin) against VCM-induced hepatotoxicity in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: VCM was intraperitoneally administered at a dose of 200 mg/kg body weight (b.w.) for 7 days alone and in combination with the orally administered Zin (25 and 50 mg/kg b.w). KEY FINDINGS: Zin treatment significantly improved VCM-induced hepatic lipid peroxidation, glutathione depletion, reduced antioxidant enzyme (superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase) activities and liver function markers (aspartate aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase and alanine aminotransferase). Histopathological integrity and immunohistochemical expression of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) in the VCM-induced liver tissue were ameliorated after Zin administration. In addition, Zin reversed the changes in levels and/or activities of inflammatory and apoptotic parameters such as nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), p53, cysteine aspartate specific protease-3 (caspase-3), cysteine aspartate specific protease-8 (caspase-8), cytochrome c, Bcl-2 associated X protein (Bax) and B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) in the VCM-induced hepatotoxicity. SIGNIFICANCE: Collectively, these results reveal probable ameliorative role of Zin against VCM-induced hepatotoxicity.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/tratamento farmacológico , Guaiacol/análogos & derivados , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Vancomicina/toxicidade , Animais , Western Blotting , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Guaiacol/uso terapêutico , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Masculino , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
16.
Cell ; 183(1): 143-157.e13, 2020 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32877699

RESUMO

Humoral responses in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are often of limited durability, as seen with other human coronavirus epidemics. To address the underlying etiology, we examined post mortem thoracic lymph nodes and spleens in acute SARS-CoV-2 infection and observed the absence of germinal centers and a striking reduction in Bcl-6+ germinal center B cells but preservation of AID+ B cells. Absence of germinal centers correlated with an early specific block in Bcl-6+ TFH cell differentiation together with an increase in T-bet+ TH1 cells and aberrant extra-follicular TNF-α accumulation. Parallel peripheral blood studies revealed loss of transitional and follicular B cells in severe disease and accumulation of SARS-CoV-2-specific "disease-related" B cell populations. These data identify defective Bcl-6+ TFH cell generation and dysregulated humoral immune induction early in COVID-19 disease, providing a mechanistic explanation for the limited durability of antibody responses in coronavirus infections, and suggest that achieving herd immunity through natural infection may be difficult.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Centro Germinativo/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Linfócitos T Auxiliares-Indutores/imunologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Linfócitos B/imunologia , Feminino , Centro Germinativo/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-6/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-6/metabolismo , Baço/imunologia , Baço/patologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
17.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0239532, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32976531

RESUMO

To investigate the clinical value of changes in the subtypes of peripheral blood lymphocytes and levels of inflammatory cytokines in patients with COVID-19, the total numbers of lymphocytes and CD4+ lymphocytes and the ratio of CD4+/CD8+ lymphocytes were calculated and observed in different groups of patients with COVID-19. The results show that the lymphocytopenia in patients with COVID-19 was mainly manifested by decreases in the CD4+ T lymphocyte number and the CD4+/CD8+ ratio. The decreased number of CD4+ T lymphocytes and the elevated levels of TNF-α and IL-6 were correlated with the severity of COVID-19 disease.


Assuntos
Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/patologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Citocinas/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Betacoronavirus , Contagem de Linfócito CD4 , Relação CD4-CD8 , Criança , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Interleucina-6/sangue , Linfopenia/sangue , Linfopenia/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(35): e21654, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871878

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to investigate the levels of 25(OH)D, inflammation markers and glucose and fat metabolism indexes in pregnant women with Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).One hundred and ten cases GDM and 100 cases healthy pregnant women in the First People's Hospital of Lianyungang City from October 2016 to December 2018 were recruited for this observational cross-sectional study. Each participant's anthropometric and demographic data was recorded. Blood samples were collected and analyzed to determine the levels of 25(OH)D, high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), fasting blood glucose, fasting blood insulin, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), cholesterol and triglycerides.Inflammatory markers and glucose and fat metabolism indexes were all significantly higher in the GDM group than that in the control group, while Serum 25(OH)D level in the GDM group was significantly lower. Serum 25(OH)D levels were negatively correlated with hs-CRP, while not with TNF-α. Furthermore, Serum 25(OH)D, hs-CRP and TNF-α levels were all associated with increased risk of developing GDM.Nowadays, the reports on the association between 25(OH)D level and GDM were controversial. Our results are consistent with the view that there was association between 25(OH)D level and GDM, and expand the literature by showing the roles of 25(OH)D, inflammation markers as well as glucose and fat metabolism indexes in the risk of developing GDM in the pregnant women with the low overall levels of 25(OH)D before delivery. This broadens our knowledge on the pathophysiology of GDM, which may be helpful in prevention and treatment of GDM.


Assuntos
Glicemia/metabolismo , Diabetes Gestacional/sangue , Vitamina D/análogos & derivados , Adulto , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China , Colesterol/sangue , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hemoglobina A Glicada/metabolismo , Humanos , Insulina/sangue , Resistência à Insulina , Gravidez , Triglicerídeos/sangue , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue , Vitamina D/sangue
19.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 5(1): 186, 2020 09 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32883951

RESUMO

Sterol regulatory element binding protein-2 (SREBP-2) is activated by cytokines or pathogen, such as virus or bacteria, but its association with diminished cholesterol levels in COVID-19 patients is unknown. Here, we evaluated SREBP-2 activation in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of COVID-19 patients and verified the function of SREBP-2 in COVID-19. Intriguingly, we report the first observation of SREBP-2 C-terminal fragment in COVID-19 patients' blood and propose SREBP-2 C-terminal fragment as an indicator for determining severity. We confirmed that SREBP-2-induced cholesterol biosynthesis was suppressed by Sestrin-1 and PCSK9 expression, while the SREBP-2-induced inflammatory responses was upregulated in COVID-19 ICU patients. Using an infectious disease mouse model, inhibitors of SREBP-2 and NF-κB suppressed cytokine storms caused by viral infection and prevented pulmonary damages. These results collectively suggest that SREBP-2 can serve as an indicator for severity diagnosis and therapeutic target for preventing cytokine storm and lung damage in severe COVID-19 patients.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Colesterol/biossíntese , Infecções por Coronavirus/genética , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/genética , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/genética , Leucócitos Mononucleares/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/genética , Proteína de Ligação a Elemento Regulador de Esterol 2/genética , Betacoronavirus/imunologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/imunologia , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/mortalidade , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/virologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/genética , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/imunologia , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/imunologia , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Interleucina-1beta/genética , Interleucina-1beta/imunologia , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/genética , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/imunologia , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Leucócitos Mononucleares/virologia , Pulmão/imunologia , Pulmão/metabolismo , Pulmão/virologia , NF-kappa B/genética , NF-kappa B/imunologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Cultura Primária de Células , Pró-Proteína Convertase 9/genética , Pró-Proteína Convertase 9/imunologia , Transdução de Sinais , Proteína de Ligação a Elemento Regulador de Esterol 2/imunologia , Análise de Sobrevida , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/imunologia
20.
Korean J Parasitol ; 58(4): 393-402, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871633

RESUMO

Toxoplasma gondii is an intracellular parasite that causes severe disease when the infection occurs during pregnancy. Adenosine is a purine nucleoside involved in numerous physiological processes; however, the role of adenosine receptors in T. gondii-induced trophoblast cell function has not been investigated until now. The goal of the present study was to evaluate the intracellular signaling pathways regulated by adenosine receptors using a HTR-8/SVneo trophoblast cell model of T. gondii infection. HTR8/SVneo human extravillous trophoblast cells were infected with or without T. gondii and then evaluated for cell morphology, intracellular proliferation of the parasite, adenosine receptor expression, TNF-α production and mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase signaling pathways triggered by adenosine A3 receptor (A3AR). HTR8/SVneo cells infected with T. gondii exhibited an altered cytoskeletal changes, an increased infection rate and reduced viability in an infection time-dependent manner. T. gondii significantly promoted increased TNF-α production, A3AR protein levels and p38, ERK1/2 and JNK phosphorylation compared to those observed in uninfected control cells. Moreover, the inhibition of A3AR by A3AR siRNA transfection apparently suppressed the T. gondii infection-mediated upregulation of TNF-α, A3AR production and MAPK activation. In addition, T. gondii-promoted TNF-α secretion was dramatically attenuated by pretreatment with PD098059 or SP600125. These results indicate that A3AR-mediated activation of ERK1/2 and JNK positively regulates TNF-α secretion in T. gondii-infected HTR8/SVneo cells.


Assuntos
MAP Quinase Quinase 4/metabolismo , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/fisiologia , Proteína Quinase 1 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase 3 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Receptor A3 de Adenosina/fisiologia , Toxoplasmose/metabolismo , Trofoblastos/metabolismo , Trofoblastos/parasitologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Humanos
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